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Full text of "History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey :"

RUTGERS 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




Presented by 

P. Vanderbilt Snader, E 

Class of 18U9 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyofsussexwOOsnel 



HISTORY 



SUSSEX AND WARREN 



COUNTIES. NEW JERSEY, 



Illustrations and Biographical Sketches 



PROMINENT MEN AND PIONEERS. 



COMPILED BY JAMES P. SNELL, 

(Author of "History of Hunterdon and Somerset Counties, N. J."), 

ASSISTED BY PROF. W. W. CLAYTON AND A NUMEROUS CORPS OF WRITERS. 



PHILADELPHIA: 

EVERTS & PECK. 

1881. 



PRESS OF J. B. LIPPINCOTT tc CO., PHILADELPHIA. 



F\A3l 
• S1S6 



PREFACE, 






A "preface" is not generally, as the word seems to imply, the beginning of a book, except 
as to its location, inasmuch as it embraces the last words that come from the author's pen and is 
the last — with the title-page and contents — to In- printed. This enables the writer t" have a final 
word with his readers, even alter the 1 k proper is completed. In this instance the opportu- 
nity will be used in returning our grateful acknowledgments to the many citizens of the two 
counties who have assisted in the preparation of thi> volume. 

We are particularly indebted to Hon. Thomas Lawrence, I). S. Anderson, Ksq., Hon. Sam- 
uel II. Hunt, Thomas G. Bunnell, David Thompson, Esq., John T. Stewart, Richard F. Good- 
man, Thomas Kays, Esq., Jonathan Havens, M.D., George H. Nelden, Theodore Morford, 
Thomas Ryerson, M.D., William M. Smith, Maj. William K. Mattison, Rev. A. A. Haines, of 
Sussex County; and to Hon. James M. Robeson, Hon. William II. Morrow, Hon. Samuel 
Sherrerd, Jt'lii<T S. Shipman, Esq., Judge J. T. Kern, Hon. John I. Blair, Charles K. Vail, 
Charles Scranton, J. V. Creveling, John Simerson, Josiah Ketcham, Rev. E. C. Cline, B. F. 
Howey, Oscar Jeflfery, Judge P. H. Ilann, J. E. Fulper, Joseph A. Shrope, Augustus H. Del- 
liker, Caleb II. Valentine, Zil>a Osmun, Israel Karris, Drs. Brakeley, Johnson, Griffith, Cook, 

and Clark, of Warren County; and Hon. Henry C. Kelsey, Trenton, etc.* 

The list of those who have contributed to, and in various ways aided in the preparation of, 
this work is so large that we may be pardoned for nol attempting to enumerate each individually. 
But to the members of the press generally, and the various representatives of the clerical, legal, 
and medical professions, in Sussex and Warren Counties, we are particularly indebted. The <'ld 

residents — descendants of the early pioneers — have also nobly come to our aid, placing at oar 
disposal much that is rare and ancient in documents and verbal lore, and which must prove of 
inestimable value in the future. The efficient and polite oounty officials have rendered valuable 
assistance, especially in the documentary portions of the work and in the compilation of the 
county and township civil lists. So generally and so generously h:us encouragement been given 
to our labors that we can charitably overlook the very few exceptions. 

Conscientious labor has been bestowed upon this history, with a view to make it as thorough 
and accurate as possible. These endeavors have been prosecuted often in the face of obstacles, — 

U inj acknowledgments ar.' specially made in the various department* of this volume. 

fa " 






PKEFACE. 



loss of records, imperfect recollections, and conflicting accounts, — and we trust that a charitable 
public will keep this in view in passing judgment upon this volume, the result of these efforts. 
Our work has been performed as if it was not for the day only, but for all coming time; and 
it is safe to assume that these gathered annals will grow in value with each passing year. 

To the author's zealous and able stafl 7 of writers much credit is also clue, particularly to 
Prof. W. W. Clayton, who with skill and care has told the tale of the birth, infancy, and de- 
velopment of this country, as found in the general history chapters of Sussex and Warren Coun- 
ties; also to Messrs. W. H. Shaw, E. O. Wagner, D. Schwartz, etc., who have labored in the 
special department of township and borough histories. 

The publishers have embodied in this handsome volume the historical manuscripts which 
the author and his numerous assistants have gathered and edited, and with our best wishes they 
now go back, ou the printed page, to the citizens of Sussex and Warren. 

JAMES P. SNELL. 

Philadelphia, April 29, 1881. 



CONTENTS. 



HISTORY 01 SUSSEX AND WARREN COUN- 
TIES. 

CHAPTER I. 

Brief Rbview ov the Early History op Ni:» Jersey. 
Dlscovory by Henry Hudson— Occupation of New Netherlands — Settle- 
ments at Bergen and on the Delaware Bwedl lb Colony, Now Swodon 
— Gmnt t.i tlio Dukeof York Proprietary Government— Proprietary 
ament of Eiwt Jei I ti"' Government to tlie 
Grown..... 9 

CHAPTER II. 

u. COUNTIES AM' TllKll'. BOI NDARIE3. 

lei iii> Proprietoi Counties denned by the Act of 1709 — 

Counties in Northwestern New Jersey 16 

CHAPTER IH. 
Indian Occupation — The Oricinal Pi opli . 
General Trlluil Divisions— The League of tlio Iroquois— Tho Dolnwarcs, 
or Lonnl Lonapi — Traditions among tbe Delaware Tribes -Totems, "r 
Trlbiil Bodgesofthe [ndlan Cndlun Population In Now Jersey— Con- 
quest of thu Lean! Lenape bytho Croquols — Final Disposal of tbe Lvl- 
awares — Local [ndlan Names 17 

C ii \ PT BR i v. 
i Settlement is Sussex imi Warren. 
from Ulster County Tl Id Dutch Records — Namoi I 

i 9u ex Count) Carriages -I 

r II \ PTER V. 
Early Setti i nuns'). 

'ill.' Mnii-nii, i luntry— Hlnlslnk Bettlemi ■ P 
tusnents In othoi P ondWarren '2s 

rii A !• i i: i; v i. 
French isn [ndi in \V ir, it..:.. 
Dlsti Vmi i':nnp. ii ami li.-li lu'i Com -! ind- 

onco-t' adopted [ndlan Incurstons and Murdei 

i'" " nil Adventures of Pi 

U on Fighting the Indian I 

as "—i tonfore b n i [ottntloiis for Fes 

en \ PT i:k v i i. 
Pari ii ion. Line dett ' brsi v. 

fully Approved— Harvey • •! il"- Partition I. in.— Transfoi 

ii i i i i H t Jenwj U ei New] i In*— The 

Keith I. in,' .'. 41 

CM A PT BR VIII. 

Sussex int> Warren Counties solution. 

Chi Bltuatlon in 1 77 1 an I 177S— - Ooantj 

i h.i Provtni lal I a •■< 'I'" 

1770— The —Indian 

Balds duriug til innon-balls 19 



CHAPTER IX. 
UTO Warren Counties in THE REVOLUTION (Continued). 
Toryism— Lieut James Moody — Prominent Men of Sussox end Warren 
In the Revolution— Womon of Sussox in the Bovolution 67 

CHAPTER X. 

Si I3EX lillJ W LRRES Col -.in- is TEE REVOLUTION (Ponfllllicol). 

Troops furnished by tho County during tho War— Regular Troops of tho 
Jersey Line— Tbo Mllitin Levies— Rosters of Officers and Privates — 
Unitary Roll of Joseph Gaston 

CHAPTER X I. 
Slavrry and Servitude in Sussex uid Wvrren. 

Negroes and Slaves In the Early Duys— " Rodomptlonore"— Persons sold 

I I'.ussago Money — Laws respecting Slavery — Action of tbo Quu- 

kers— Abolition of Slavery in New J —Last Slaves. 75 

II A PTER XII. 

The I) i SEE am. Warren i'i mm-. 

Early History ol ii" [ran faterast — Andovei Hlne and Fumaco — Tbo 

Oxford Fni mi' • -Oomparlaon between the Past and Present 7fl 

II \ PTER XI I I. 
Sussex ind Warren Counties is. mi War or thi Rebellion. 
'i'li" Situation in 1861— l'ii-i B 
,,,, hi n [bird Regiment (three yearn)— The Seventh 
i The Ninth S sventh Regiment 8o 

CHAPTER XIV. 
Sussex uro Warren is thi: War of tm 

»n/l. 

Fifteenth [nrsntiy (three years)— The Twenty-seventh Reglmant.... 88 

c ii \ p i i:k xv. 
i ami Warren in rn« Wab or the Rebellion 
(i:,„n„u.,l). 
The Harris Lighl Oaralry— Biographical Sketch 

C II A PT i: K X V I. 
Sussex and VTarbbe ie thi Wab or tarn Rebellion 
(Couii 

New Jersey Cavalry— Organization of tbo Regiment— Service 

in ih" In M - BtogTephii .ii Sketch 1"T 

i ii a p i i: B xv ii. 

'. IN Till W LB 01 tin: Hi mil lnV 

The Thirtieth Regiment— Ths Thirty-Brat Baftmant 11 .t 

il a PT BB \ v I i I. 

Men in -tin'. W IE Of 
Tin: Hi hi i i l"N li ' ITIES. 
Sussox County Soldlora— Warren County Soldiers. 



CONTENTS. 



SUSSEX OOTT^sTTir. 

CHAPTER I. 

Organization of Sussex County. 

Original Boundaries — Civil Divisions— County Courts of Sussex — Sussex 

Court-House and Jail 149 

CHAPTER II. 

Continuation or the Civil History op Sussex. 

by Jonathan Hampton — Notes from the Freeholders 1 



Deed of Convey) 
Records 



153 



CHAPTER III. 

The Boundary-Line Controversy. 
A General Statement of the Difficulty — The Original Boundary — Con- 
flicting Land Claims — Settlement of the Boundary Line 155 

CHAPTER IV. 
Sussex County Civil List. 
Representatives in Congress — Judges of the Supreme Court — Governor 
and Chancellor — Secretaries of State — Members of the Legislature — 
County Judges — Appointments by the Governor— Appointments by 
Joint Meeting — Under the New Constitution — County Clerks — Sheriffs 
of the County — Surrogates — County Collectors — Present Justices of 
the Peace 159 

CHAPTER V. 

Progress — Internal Improvements. 
Increase of Population — Heath fulness— Longevity — Other Elements of 
Progress — Post-offices — Railroads — The New Jersey Midland Railroad 
—Sussex Railroad — Ogden's Mine Railroad — Morris and Essex Rail- 
road 162 

CHAPTER VI. 

Education in Sussex County. 

Early Schools— Bequest of Rev. Elias Van Bunschooten— Classical Schools 

— William Rankin, Deckertown Classical School — Public Schools — 

Public School Funds— School Statistics (1879)— County Superintendents 

—Edward A. Stiles— Luther Hill 16S 

CHAPTER VII. 
Bench and Bar op Sussex County. 
Lawyers and Courts before the Revolution- -List of Members of the Sus- 
sex Bar — Biographies and Brief Notices of Lawyers and Judges.. 176 

CHAPTER VIII. 

The Medical Profession in Sussex County. 

Early Status of the Profession— The District Medical Society of Sussex 

County — Reminiscences and Personal Sketches 202 

CHAPTER IX. 

The Sussex County Press. 

The Sussex Register— Judge John II. Hall— Benjamin Bailey Edsall — 

Richard F. Goodman— The New Jersey Herald— Henry Cooper Kelsey 

— Thomas G. Bunnell— Other Sussex Newspapers 216 

CHAPTER X. 
Sussex County Societies and Organizations. 
Auxiliary Bible Society of the County of Sussex— Semi-Centonnial of 
the Society— Sussex County Mutual Insurance Company— Sussex 
County Agricultural Society — Sussex County Sunday-School Insti- 
tute 227 

CHAPTER XI. 
Sussex Centennial Celebration. 

The Preliminary Arrangements— The Celebration 232 



CHAPTER XII. 

Physical Features of Sussex County. 
General Topography and Scenery — Lake Hopatcong — Delaware River 
and Water Gap — Geology of Sussex County — Gneiss — Crystalline or 
Metamorphic Limestone — Potsdam Sandstone — Magnesian Limestone 
— Fossiliferous Limestone — Hudson River Slate — Oneida Conglomerate 
— Medina Sandstone — Water-lime — Lower Helderberg Limestone — 
Oriskany Sandstone — Cauda-galli Grit— Onondaga and Corniferous 
Limestone — Marcellus Shale — Surface Geology — Mines and Ores — Iron- 
Mines— Drowned Lands of the "Wallkill 236 

TOWNSHIPS AND VILLAGES OF SUSSEX 
COUNTY. 

Newton 247 

Wantage 2S7 

Walpack 313 

Hardyston 331 

Vernon 346 

Montague 361 

Lafayette 370 

Stillwater 379 

Frankford 390 

Sparta 404 

Sandyston 417 

Green 426 

Andover 441 

Hampton 449 

Byram 460 



CHAPTER I. 

Organization of Warren County. 

Boundaries and General Description — Civil Divisions — County-Seat— 

County Buildings 474 

CHAPTER II. 

Geology of Warren County. 

Azoic Formation — Gneiss — Potsdam Sandstone — Magnesian Limestone 

— Fossiliferous Limestone — Hudson River Slate— Oneida Conglomerate 

— Medina Sandstone— Surface Geology — Delaware Water Gap 477 

CHAPTER III. 

Civil History of Warren. 

Notes from the Freeholders' Minutes , 479 

CHAPTER IV. 
Civil History of Warren (Continued). 
Civil List — Members of Congress — Judge of the Supremo Court — Judges 
of Court of Errors and Appeals — Members of the Legislature — Dele- 
gates to the Constitutional Convention — Judges of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas — Sheriffs of Warren County — Prosecutors of the Pleas — 
Surrogates— Clerks of Warren County — Justices of the Peace — Com- 
missioners of Deeds— Notaries Public— Bank Commissioners— Coro- 
ners 480 

CHAPTER V. 

Internal Improvements. 

The Morris Canal — Railroads — Central Railroad of New Jersey — Belvi- 
dere Delaware Railroad — The Warren Railroad — Morris and Essex 
Railroad — Blairstown Railway — Lehigh Valley Railroad — Contem- 
plated Railroads— Steamboating on the Upper Delaware— Steamboat 
Disaster 486 

CHAPTER VI. 

Bench and Bar of Warren County. 
Early Lawyers and Judges— Members of Warren County Bar — First 
Courts held in Warren— General Quarter Sessions of the Peace — Infe- 
rior Court of Common Pleas— Oyer and Tormiuer — Biographical 
Sketches— Important Trials— The Warren County Ring 490 



CONTENTS. 



CIIAPTKK V I I. 
TlIK HEDII IX I''! I 88105 ■'! W LRR1 

men— Tho County Hedl. I - let] -Preseut Status of 
ilic Profession in Warren— Brief Skotchee of Deceased FhYsJ 
Other I'hv.-I. -iiniB, Resident, Removed, etc 

I 'II A I'T K K VIII. 

The Press of Warrer I'm mv. 

Presnof BeMden — The BsMdera .(;(/- I I— Other 
Papers— Press of Bexkerhrtown— IfacewttefoiSM Gmtta Tht BeraZd — 
Press of Phllllpsliurg— The Wamm Democrat— Press of Blalratown— 
Press of Washington ..1 

CHAP T i: B I X. 
Boi ii 

The Warren ('..only Bible Soderjr— The Warren County Farmers', Me- 
chanics', iiii<) Manufacturers' Association — The Warren County Teach- 
ers' Ajaoclatlon 528 



OWNSHIPS AND BOROUGHS OF WARREN 
COUNTY. 



Pliilllpeburg 

D 564 

iwn 581 



Oxford 000 

- C17 

h nowlton 623 

Buuritown 



' 71 



Irallnghoyaaii — I -I 

Pahm|uarry 

Franklin 702 

Washington 718 

Mansfield 721 

enoe 

Allamuchy 712 

ADDKMDA 717 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 





T. Ii. Haines 

William Urn. kill 

Edward A Stiloa 

I.ulli.r Mill 

J. >'. Bymmea 

bobrrtOgden, .ir 



i 

Martin Bjrenon 

William T. Anderson 

Thomas 0. Ryereon 

Daniel Haiti.* 



John Towneend..... 

Robert Hamilton 

Alp uj Quota 



Whitfield s. Johnson 

i Tt 

Bamoal Fowler 



Benjamin Hatuill Jr 

Jolm I. inn 

Bobart T. Bhlner 



I>.^ i<i Thompaon 

Lwi Shepherd 

Bbni in If. ' Bjrkandall 





Anilrew J. lingers 

Bknraal Ii. Pottai 

Tii mi..- Anderson 

mm 

facing 

SU r 

i: •• 



i tin 

i 

Alfred Aekeraon 

|Uai H. White 

p..\>>..ii \v irnfl 

Samuel Fowler.. 

Sum. i.l Kennedy 

Berret Haven* 



EAOE 

I inn 205 

Hi -Arthur 205 

lilt 205 

John U. Beach 



r Mini 

-:....rt 206 

Stephen Hedges 

John Tftaworth 207 

„. 208 ' 

_. 208 

«... 208 

Mono „ 208 

Darld Hunt 209 

' niiii' -li-'ii .«. 209 



'. 209 

kllen 

Hull Alien 210 

-Jin 

I il 210 

210 



k no 



Harrey 11 illeck 210 

211 

Di D*Anl i-'i 211 

~ 211 





> -hull - 



Jonathan listens 

Ball 

i 

• r 

hi 



T II Indiana 

nk ram. 

ip _ ™ 

.1 II innatrong - 

J.'lin W. Wilson „ 



-11 
-11 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

T. A. Linn 215 

H. N. Crane 215 

John H. Hall 218 

Benjamin B. Edsall 219 

_ Richard F. Goodman 221 

*■ T. M. Drake 222 

H. C. Kelsey : 224 

Thonms G. Bunnell 225 

George H. Nelden facing 260 

Myron Barrett 204 

David Ryerson 272 

S. D. Morford 273 

Jacob L. Swayze 274 

A. L. Dennis 277 

Charles Crook 282 

William Pettit 285 

George A. Hiles 286 

R. A. Sheppard between 286, 287 

Peniberton Brittin " 286,287 

Vh. J.Kilpatrick 303 

Samuel Whitaker 304 

Amos Mlinson 304 

^ John B. Decker 305 

Jacob E. Hornbeck 306 

Elias Coooper 307 

Evi De Witt 308 

Jacob W. De Witt 309 

Charles A. Wilson 309 

Jacob B. Leport.. 311 

Humphrey Martin 311 

Ira D. Hoffman 312 

George Shepherd between 312. 313 

Oscar Dunn 313 

Benjamin Hull facing 330 

Elijah Rosenkrans 331 

R. E. Edsall facing 342 

Asa Munson 344 

George Walther 344 

Charles Wade 345 

Daniel Bailey 357 

Henry B. De Kay 358 

Gabriel Houston 358 

Peter J. Brown 359 

Jacob Martin 360 

William Drew 360 

William Owen facing 360 

Martin Cole " 368 

Jacob Hornbeck between 308, 309 

David Westfall " 368, 369 

Allen Evoritt facing 369 

Isaac Bunnell 369 

William Snyder facing 376 

Anna T. Warbasse between 376, 377 

Jacob Simmons " 370. 377 

George W. Collver " 370, 377 

Thomas Schofleld facing 378 

K' ili. it 1. Roy 3S9 

V. Il.Crismaii facing 309 

William McDanold 401 

James Shotwel] 401 

Eobert V. Armstrong 402 

'/,. II. Price between 402, 403 

A. C. Van Auken " 402,403 

John Dairy mplo facing 403 

Squire Dalrymple 403 

George B. Beatty facing 412 

William E.Rose " 414 

Thomas o'BIaley -115 

Job Cory 410 

Henry Folk 110 

M. N. ConKleton between 416,417 

G. 8. Van Bhwcom " 410,417 

T. A. Marshall facing 417 

Jacob Yfastbrooh between 424, 425 

John ff. Kverltl " 424,426 

Benjamin Tuttle 425 



PAGE 

Samuel H. Hunt 434 

Geo. Greer 436 

Joshua Hardin facing 436 

W. H.Hart 437 

Barrett Phillips 437 

Ralph Dildine 438 

Solomon Roe facing 438 

Wm.Kyle 439 

G.B.Drake 439 

Marshall S. Hibler 440 

Wm. M. Iliff. 448 

H. N. Kinney between 44S, 449 

Geo. F. Rose " 448, 449 

Daniel A. Farrell 449 

William Morris 456 

Jacob Coui-sen 457 

David Couse 458 

Oliver Struble 458 

Edwin Bevans between 458, 459 

Thomas Struble facing 459 

John llendershot 459 

Peter Smith 469 

Samuel T. Smith 470 

A S.Wills 471 7 

Edward A. Reeder 472 

William Groff .. „„ ■ _ 473_, 

David A. Dcpue....~ .". 7!HT: .7 493 

Joseph Vliet 494 

J. G. Sbipman 495 

J. M. Robeson 496 

William II. Morrow 497 

Henry S. Harris 497 

Oscar Jeffery 498 

Samuel Kennedy 504 

Robert Cummins 505 

Henry Palmer '. 505 

Jabez Gwinnup 505 

Abel Johnson 506 

Gideon Leeds 506 N 

Hugh Hughes 506 

John S. Hughes 506 

John P. B. Sloan 507 

David P. Hunt 507 

James Holmes 507 

James C. Kennedy 507 

Stewart Kennedy 507 

L. C. Osmun 508 

William P. Clark 508 

Roderick Byington SOS 

Edwin Byington 609 

William Rea 509 

Silas C. Cock 510 

Lewis C.Cook 511 

Samuel W. Fell 511 

Harvey Halleck 511 

David Green 512 

William B. Dey 512 

Alexander H. Thomson 512 

D. C.Wilson 512 

William J.Johnson.'. 512 

Thomas Bund 512 

Thomas P. Stewart 612 

H. S.Woodruff. 512 

John N. Doe 612 

William Hampton 613 

llui'l Hampton 513 

David D. Dildine 513 

John Cooper 513 

Henry II. Southard 614 

0. B. Robbins 515 

.1. M. Paul 610 

John Sharp 616 

.lames C. Fitch 516 - 

HenryS. Harris 617 

Iboodoro Crane 519 

John S. Cook 519 



C(tN TEXTS. 



PAOB 

I Oeniun 620 

Samuel S. (lurk VJl 

J. 0. Johnaon 521 

Philip T. Hrakolcy 622 

J. B. Griffith 622 

E. II. Bleber facing 422 

II. II. Abernethy 623 

Joaeph K. Sheppard... 123 

A I.I MM. 0. Mil. ■ 

Abraham I). Hagen 647 

.1. II. P.n-iniiiKer facing 665 

William II. Leigh 68! 

Daniel ll. Sbnyde'r 

Petal ll. Hagerty 56.1 

Philip ll. Harm 670 

Beatty 579 

WUllam Sweeny 580 

B. N Dllta I.et»een580, 581 

George II. Whitney 688 

panlal Axford 

I 0, ii i botwoen 692, 593 

T. .-. Vtin Horn Cueing 693 

]i.hiI.I Hulehlxer 003 

Robert 8. Koimedy 6M 

Jesse Stewart feeing 005 

John It. Dlckaon 

William Mackey 6U 

I. n i Backey between 61 1, 618 

Banghari 015 

George Koysor 015 

Benjamin B. Cooper 616 

Ulchael Boyer botw., m 

Joaeph at. Iloaoborry " 010, 017 

(nl.l. Wy.koff " 010,617 

yVUMi Ihamberlin " 

Marshall P. Mockey lacing 617 

II 1 Howej " t34 

Dull I 0. Adams 036 

Blair 066 

Sweyxe 668 

Caleb tiwayzo facing 609 



rani 

O.H. Beatty 609 

Pater Kline „ 676 

William Merrill 

John V. Bhlpman between 082,683 

Igrarea •• 682, 083" 

John II. Iloyer " 682,683 

I mOy 683 

l..vi banning 

Daniel Vllel & 

• Van Horn 686 

"09 

John Cllne 7io 

WUllam UeEl y Cuing 711 

Ai.raliuin Hulabiier 711 

William Crerellng 712 

WlUlam Bhlpman between 71J, 713 

Nlcodemua Wame " 7l - j, 718 

Peter Cramer 7 -" 

John iiii~.n 

A. U. Noon " 

I...II " 

(luirK-e I'. Wyrkofl " 7.11,7:1 

B Bowore facing 7^1 

John Vannatta 721 

Adam Wandllng....: 728 

William Dnffurd 722 

George Vnaler lacing 72i 

.1.. - Sklnuei 

William Raniae) facing 728 

Thonuu Slileldi 

John It. Flatter fai Ing T.tl 

Tunis 11. Tunleon 731 

A. W.G. Wellei 

Jacob ll. Miller 

Blller 734 

George W. Taylor 

facing 738 

In- beti ii til. 741 

0. ll. Albertaon " 740,741 

r-..ii- lacing 741 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAOB 

Outline Map of Sussex County l-etween 8,9 

oiiiiin. Uapof Warren Connty " 8,9 

I Jno. Schoonover -7 

T. li. Balnea facing 112 

Jno. 0. Symmea 170 

" JobS. Halstod facing 180 

" Martin Bye •• l-l 

" Daniel Balnea 184 

" Iiuvii Tl peon facing 187 

" Levi Shepherd '• 189 

8. M. I'oyken.lnll •• ISO 

" Thomaa Kay- " l "i 

" Lewie Cochran 

" Lewis Van lllareom " 184 

" Qhae. J. Boa 

" Martin Boaonkrana 

Lowls J. Martin " 181 

" Samuel F..\vler 

John TltaworUi j"7 

J. Miin.r lacing jij 

11 .1 itliim Havana 

T. II. Andrew! facing J14 

John ii. Hull 

II. n. Edaall 

Blohard K. ii Iman ■■ 

v. M. Drake .-ii 

Benrj 0, Kelaay Bui 

" Tle.niasll.il I! " 223 

Map ..f Wallklll Rirer M4 



NEWTON. raoe 

.Mi-ii ii- ■■. Snaaei Connty facing :M7 

Portrait of Geo, n. Nekton " 260 

" Mynm Barrett " 261 

" David Kyorauu " 871 

" -. D M.il I I ■ 

J. L. Swayn " 274 

" A.L. Dennla " 278 





Portrait ol Wm. PetUI facing 285 

Gao.A. Hllea 

K. A. Sbeppard between 288, 287 

Pemberton Brlttin " 

WANTAGE. 

Yi.w ..| HartwelPa School facing 293 

Portrail of Amoa Huneon uetwe. n 

Bamnal Whltaker - 304,306 

John B, Deckei 30S 

Jacob] Bornbeck facing SO* 

Klias Cooper 

KUDeWltl - 308 

.1 1. W l'.Witt ■ SOB 

Oharlee A. WOaon " 310 

" Jacob B. latport.. M Sll 

" lliimi'tir.-y Murlln 311 

Ira D. Hoffman r> ins all 

" George Slieplierl 

" Oaoax Dnnn facing 313 



CONTENTS. 



WALFACK. page 

Map of Lands in Walpack facing 316 

Portrait of Benjamin Hull " 330 

Elijah Rosenkrans " 331 

EAHDYSTON. 

Portrait of R. E. Edsall facing 342 

" Asa Munson 344 

" George Walther 345 

" Charles Wade 345 

VERNON. 

Portrait of Daniel Bailey facing 357 

" Henry B. De Kay " 358 

" Gahriel Houston " 359 

" Peter J. Brown 359 

" Jacob Martin 360 

" William Drew 360 

William Owen lacing 360 

MONTAGUE. 

Portrait of Martin Cole facing 368 

" Jacob Hornbeck between 368, 369 

David Westfall " 368,369 

" Allen Everitt facing 369 

" Isaac Bonnell 369 

LAFAYETTE. 

Portrait of William Snyder facing 3Y6 

" Anna T. Warbasse between 376, 377 

" Jacob Simmons " 376, 377 

George W. Collver " 376,377 

" Thomas Schofleld facing 378 

STILLWATER. 
Portrait of Robert I. Roy 389 

PEANKFOBD. 

Portrait of V. H. Crisman facing 399 

" William McDanold " 4U0 

" James Sliotwell " 401 

" Robert V. Armstrong " 4U2 

" Z. H. Price between 402, 403 

A. C. VanAuken " 402,403 

" John Dalrymple facing 403 

" Squire Dalrymple 403 

SFARTA. 

Portrait of George B. Beatty facing 412 

" William E. Ross " 414 

Thomas O'Maley " 416 

Job Cory 416 

Henry Folk facing 416 

" M. N. Congleton between 416, 417 

" G. S. Van Blarcom " 416,417 

" T. A. Marshall facing 417 

SANDYSTON. 

Portrait of Jacob Westbrook between 424, 425 

" John D. Everitt " 424,425 

" Benjamin Tuttle 425 

GREEN. 

Portrait of Samuol H. Hunt facing 434 

" George Greer 436 

" Joshua Hardin facing 436 

" W. H. Hart 437 

" Barrett Phillips 438 

" Ralph Dildino 438 

Portraits of Solomon Roe and wife facing 438 

Portrait of William Kyle 439 

G. B. Drake 439 

" Marshall S. Hiblor 440 

ANDOVER. 

Portrait of William M.IlifT. facing 448 

" William Kinney between 448, 449 

" II. N. Kinney " 448,449 

" Geo. F.Rose " 448,449 

" Daniel A.Farrell facing 449 



HAMFTON. page 

Portrait of Jacob Coursen facing 457 

Wm. Morris 457 

" David Couse between 458, 459 

Jno. Hendershot " 458,459 

" Edwin Bevans " 458,459 

" Thomas Struble facing 459 

" Oliver Struble 459 

BYRAM. 

Portrait of Peter Smith facing 469 

" Samuel T.Smith " 470 

J.S.Wills " 471 

E. A. Reeder 472 

" William Groff 473 

■WJ^"E2,K,EIsr GOTJIsTTlT. 

Portrait of David A. Depue facing 493 

J. G.Sbipman " 495 

Joseph Vliet 495 

" J. M. Robeson facing 496 

" Henry S. Harris " 497 

" Oscar Jeffery 498 

" William Rea facing 509 

" Silas C.Cook " 510 

Henry S. Harris 518 

" Theodore Crane 519 

" John S. Cook 520 

" L. M. Osmun facing 521 

E. H. Bieber " 522 

BELVIDEEE. 

Court-Houso of Warren County facing 532 

Portrait of A. D. Hazen " 547 

PHILLIFSBURG. 

Portrait of J. II. Brensinger facing 555 

" William H. Leigh between 502, 563 

Daniel H. Shnyder " 562, 563 

" Peter H. Hagerty 563 

WASHINGTON BOROUGH. 

Masonic Hall 571 

Portrait of Philip H. Hann facing 576 

Beatty 's Organ Manufactory 578 

Portrait of Daniel F. Beatty facing 579 

" William Sweeny " 580 

" E. N. Dilts between 580, 581 

HACKETTSTOWN. 

Centenary Collegiate Institute facing 587 

Portrait of George H. Whitney 588 

" Daniel Axford facing 592 

" T.G. Plate between 592,593 

" T. S. Van Horn facing 693 

GREENWICH. 

Portrait of Daniel Hulshi/.er facing 603 

" Robert S. Kennedy " 604 

" Jesse Stewart " 605 

John R. Dickson .-. 605 

OXFORD. 

Portrait of William Maekey facing 614 

" Levi Maekey between 614, 615 

" Wesley Banghart " 614,615 

" Goorge Koyser facing 615 

" Benjamin B. Cooper " 616 

" Michaol Boyor between 616,617 

" Joseph M. Roseberry " 610,617 

" Caleb Wyckoff. " 616,617 

" William Chamberlin " 616, 617 

" Marshall P. Maekey facing 617 

KNOWLTON. 

Portrait of B. F. Howey facing 634 

" Daniel C.Adams 636 

BLAIRSTOWN. 

View of Blair Hall facing 646 

Portrait of John I.Blair " 655 



CONTENTS. 



HOPE. rjioF. 

Portrait of Jomee K. Swayze facing 068 

" Caleb Swayze " 609 

« G. II. Beatty 070 

EAHKONY. 

Portrait of Peter Klino 677 

William Merrill 077 

LOPATCONG. 

Portrait of John F. Shipman botweon 082, 083 

" Henry Seagraves " 682,083 

" John O. Boyer " 082,083 

" Ho»ldonco of John C. Buyer " 082,683 

ERELINGHUYSEN. 

Portrait of Levi Lannlng facing 694 

« Daniel Vllet " 695 

" WllllamS. Van Horn 695 

FRANKLIN. 

Portrait of James Lomorson facing 709 

" John Cllno " 710 

" William McKlnney " 711 

" Abraham Hulshlzcr 711 

" William Crovellng 712 

" William Shlpmou between 712, 713 

" NIcodcmUB Warno " 712,713 



WASHINGTON. 

Portraltof Peter Cramer b 

" John Gibson between 720, 721 

" A.M. Munn " 72", 721 

" Jacob WyckolT. " 720,721 

" George P. Wyckoff. " 72", 7.1 

" Michael B. Bowers being 721 

" John Yanuatta 721 

" Adam Wandliug 722 

" George Vusler facing 722 

•' William G. Dufford 

" James Skinner 183 

MANSFIELD. 

Portnit Of Wm. Ramsey facing 728 

Thos. Shields 1 730 

" Jno. B.FiBhor " 731 

" Tunis H. Tuniaon " 731 

" A. W.G. Weller 712 

Jacob H. Miller 7 

" Geo. W.Taylor facing 735 

" Jno. C. Millor - 735 

INDEPENDENCE. 

Portraltof Robt Ayors facing 738 

" Jacob Cummins between 7 In, 711 

" C. II. Albortsou " 7lu. 711 

" Robert Ayors, Jr facing 711 




OUTLI NE MAP 



SUSSEX Co. 



NEW JERSEY. 



I 




OUTLI N E MAPOF 

WARREN Co. 

NEW JERS'EY 



HISTORY 



OF 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, 

1ST E W JERSEY. 



CHAPTER I. 

BRIEF REVIEW OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF 
NEW JERSEY. 

t — DISCOVERY l.Y HENRY. HUDSON. 

The history of Sussex and Warren Counties is so 
intimately interwoven with the early history of the 
State of which they are a pari that a brief review of 
the latter seems to be a necessary preliminary step to 
I lie local work which is the design of the present 
volu 

New York and New Jersey were discovered and oc- 
pied by Europeans at nearly the same period, —the 
earlj par) of the seventeenth century. Henry Hud- 
son, i he discoverer of the noble river which hears his 
name, and which forma a portion of the eastern boun- 
dary of New Jersey, set sail from Amsterdam, Hol- 
land, under the auspices of the Dutch East India 
Company, on April 1, Infill, w ith a commission to dis- 
cover the Northwest Passageor to verify the dream of 
geographers of thai period id' a short cut between 

Europe and < 'hina. Hudson did not find the North- 
west Passage, hut, what is vastly more important to 
commerce, he discovered the North River, and sailed 
up its broad and beautiful channel lo alimii the poinl 
which is still the head of navigation by those palatial 
steamers which have taken the place of his "Vlie- 
boat," the " Half-Moon." 

Before this, however, Hudson had anchored in the 
waters of New Jersey, in that grand old hay, the 
Delaware, which torn,, the outlet oceanward o( the 
noble river which courses along the western borders 
of these c ities, and which, cutting through the an- 
cient Pahaqualin .Mountain, forms within their limits 

thai marvelous phenomenon of nature the Water Cap. 

In sailing towards the east coast of America, Hudson 
encountered the ice-floes on the Hanks of Newfound- 
land and changed his course southward. In conse- 
quence of this he entered Chesapeake Bay, and. 
coasting northward, soon cast anchor in the Dela- 
ware. Proceeding along the eastern coast of Not 



Jersey, he finally anchored inside of Sandy Hook on 
Sept. 3, 1609. On September 5th he sent his 
ashore southward in the vicinity of the Horseshoe to 
lake the Boundings of the depth of the water. 
" Here the boat's crew landed and penetrated into 
the woods in the present limits of Monmouth 
County," N. J. These were probably the first Eu- 
ropeans who set foot upon the soil of the State. 

H.— OCCUPATION OF NEW NETHERLANDS. 
Passing over the subsequent operations of Hudson 
and his return to Holland, we bestow a passing notice 
upon the first settlement of the New Netherlands by 
the Dutch, which immediately preceded the first 
colony planted in New Jersey by the Danes or Nor- 
wegians. In 1610 it appears that at least one ship 
was sent hither by the East India Company for the 
purpose of trading in furs, which it is well known 
continued for a number of years to be the principal 
objeel of commercial attraction to this part of the 
Ne« World. Five years after Hudson's voyage a 
company of merchant-, who had procured from the 
States-General of Holland a patent for an exclusive 
trade on Hudson's River, had built forts and estab- 
lished trading-posts at New Amsterdam New York), 
Albany, ami the mouth of the Rondoul Kill. The 

latter was a small redoubt on the site of what is now 
a part of the city of Kingston. N. Y. It was known 
as the " Konduit." firom whence comes the name of 
Rondout.* The fort near Albany was upon Castle 
island, immediately below the present city, and the 
.me at New York was erected on what is now the 
Battery. 

On the llih of October, 161 i. the " United Com- 
pany" of merchants, above referred to, received their 
special grant. This conferred upon Qerrit Jacob 
Wit-en, former burgomaster of the city of Amster- 
dam, and his twelve associates, -hip-owner- and mer- 
chants of Amsterdam, the exclusive right to "viail 



,i . Mai . i \,» York, rol i p 7 



Ill 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



and navigate all the lands situate in America be- 
tween New France and Virginia, the sea-coasts of 
which lie between the fortieth and forty-fifth degrees 
of latitude, which are now named New Netherlands, 
and to navigate, or cause to be navigated, the same 
for four voyages within the period of three years, to 
commence from the 1st day of January, 1615, or 
sooner." Having thus obtained the exclusive right to 
trade in the new country, they assumed the name and 
title of " The United New Netherland Company." 
This company took possession of the Hudson River, 
then called by them " De Riviere van den Vorst Mau- 
ritius," and carried forward their enterprise with 
commendable zeal. The Hollanders were a trading 
people, and their bartering- or trading-posts were es- 
tablished at points which were natural outlets for all 
the trapping regions tributary to the Hudson. This 
■led in a short time to the settlement of those points. 
Determined upon the settlement of a colony, the 
States-General in 1621 granted the country to the 
West India Company; and in the year 1025, Peter 
Minuet arrived at " Fort Amsterdam" as the first 
Governor or director.* 

The first emigrants under Minuet appear to have 
been from the river Waal, in Guelderland, and, 
under the name of " Waaloons," founded the first 
permanent settlement beyond the immediate protec- 
tion of the cannon of Fort Amsterdam. They settled 
at Brooklyn, opposite New York, and were the first 
who professionally pursued agriculture. t 

III.— SETTLEMENTS AT BERGEN AND ON THE 
DELAWARE. 
Meanwhile, a number of Danes or Norwegians, who 
accompanied the Dutch colonists to the New Nether- 
lands, had effected a settlement at Bergen, — so called 
from a city of that name in Norway. This was about 
the year 1G18. In 1623 the West India Company 
dispatched a ship loaded with settlers, subsistence, 
and articles of trade. The vessel was commanded by 
Cornelius Jacobus Mey. He entered Delaware Bay 
and gave his name to the northern cape, which still 
retains it,— Cape May. He explored the bay and the 

* Hist, and Antiq. of the Northern States (Barber), p. CO. 

t At this period the English government seems to have heen indiffer- 
ent concerning the continued occupation of the Dutch. The only meas- 
ure adopted to effect their removal was the issuing of a grant, June 21, 
li:l4, to Sir Edmund Ploydun for the land they occupied. It conferred 
upon Sir Edmund the country between ("ape May and Long Island 
Sound, for forty leagues inland. This tract was erected into a free 
county palatine by the name of New Albion, and over it, with the title 
of "Earl Palatine," Ployden was made governor, ho having, as it Is 
stated— although tho fact may well he doubted,—" amply and copiously 

I pled the same with five hundred persons." He, however, visited the 

province, and resided therein seven years, exercising his office as gov- 
ernor; but, although he may have assumed, on paper, his rights as lord 
of the soil by granting to various individuals largo tracts of land, it is 
doubted that Ids authority was ever established over the few inhabitants 
that then dwelt within tho limits of his domain, excepting thoBO who 
may have come over wilh him. There was, however, some emigration 
to " New Albion" as late as 10.10. — U'liilvlimd'ti Kant Jersey under the Pro- 
prletary Government!, pp. 8, '■>■ [The grant hero referred to is given at 
length i" " Hazard's Collection of State Papers," vol. i. p. ICO.] 



river, and at length landed and built a fort upon a 
stream called by the natives Sassackon (now Thunder 
Creek), which empties into the Delaware below Cam- 
den. The fortification was called " Fort Nassau," 
and its erection may be regarded as the first attempt 
to establish a settlement on the eastern shore of the 
Delaware.! 

In the winter of 1630-31, David Pietersen De Vries, 
in command of a vessel, arrived in the Delaware, but 
found that Fort Nassau had fallen into the hands of 
the Indians. He erected a fort, colonized his immi- 
grants, and returned to Holland. During his absence 
a feud arose with one of the native tribes, which ter- 
minated in the massacre of all the colonists. De 
Vries returned soon after with a new company, and, 
while he mourned the loss of his former companions, 
he narrowly escaped a similar fate. He was saved by 
the kindness of an Indian woman, who inform d him 
that treachery was intended. But, " disheartened by 
repeated disasters, the Dutch soon after abandoned 
the country, and for some years not a single European 
was left upon the shores of the Delaware."^ 

IV.— SWEDISH COLONY— NEW SWEDEN. 

In 1637 two Swedish ships arrived in the Delaware, 
bringing a number of settlers. They were soon fol- 
lowed by other companies, and, in 1642, John Printz, 
a military officer, was sent over as Governor of the 
colony. He established himself upon the island now 
known as Tinicum, which was given him by the 
Queen of Sweden. Here he built a fort, planted an 
orchard, and erected a church and several dwellings, 
including a fine house for himself, which was called 
" Printz Hall." At the same time with the Governor 
came also John Campanius Holm, a clergyman and the 
future historian of the colony ; and in the same com- 
pany was Lindstrom, an engineer, who afterwards 
published a map of the Delaware and its adjacent 
parts. || 

In the government of New Sweden, as that portion 
of New Jersey was then called, Printz was succeeded 
by his son, John Papegoia, who soon returned to 
Europe and left the control to John Claudius Rising. 
In 1655 the Dutch sailed from Manhattan with seven 
ships and six hundred men, under command of Gov- 
ernor Peter Stuyvesant, and fell unawares upon the 
Swedish settlements. Fort after fort fell into their 
hands ; the officers and principal men were made 
prisoners and carried to New Amsterdam, while the 
Dutch retained possession of the country. They held 
the mastery of it and of the New Netherlands, how- 
ever, but a short time; for, in 1664, Charles IF., King 
of England, sent over Col. Nichols with a fleet and 
army ; he made a complete conquest of New Amster- 



J Hist. Coll. New .Jersey, 1844, p. 11. 
■{,, Barbel's Hist. Coll. of N. J. 

|| Clay's " Annals of the Swedes." See also Plautageiu't's 
lion" and Whitehead's " East Jersey under tho Proprietors* 






BRIEF REVIEW OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



11 



dam and the surrounding country, and all tin- Dutch 
possessions fell into the hands of the English. 

V.— GRANT TO THE DUKE OF YORK— PROPRIETARY 
GOVERNMENT. 

Immediately after the surrender of New Amster- 
dam by Governor Stuyvesant, Charles If. granted the 
territory including New York and New Jersey to his 
brother James, the Duke of York and Albany, who in 
turn conveyed that portion of it now known a* New 
Jersey to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. 
This latter conveyance is said to be the firs( instru- 
ment in which the bounds of New Jersey arc regu- 
larly defined. Berkeley and < larteret formed a consti- 
tution for the colony, and appointed Philip I larteret, a 
son of Sir George, a* its Governor. He came in 1665, 
fixed the seat of government at Elizabethtown, pur- 
chased land of the Indians, and offered such favorable 
terms to the settlers in New England as inducements 
to emigrate to Jersey that many came hither and lo- 
cated, principally at Elizabethtown and Newark. 

In 1678 the Dutch retook New York, but by the 
treaty of the following year the territory of both that 
province and New Jersey reverted to the English, 
who continued in undisturbed possession until the 
war which secured the independence of the United 
States of America. Doubts having arisen as to the 
validity of the title of the Duke of Y'ork, a new 
patent was issued in 1674, and Edmund Andros was 
sent over as Governor. Philip Carteret, who had re- 
turned to England in M7J, returned in 1675, and was 
welcomed by the people, who had been uneasy and 
disaffected under the arbitrary rule of Andros. 

Lord Berkeley, dissatisfied with the pecuniary out- 
look of his colonization scheme, disposed of his in- 
terest i" John Fenwicke, in mist for Edward Iiyllinge, 
both members ol the Society of Friends. He received 
the Mini of one thousand pounds for the tract of land 
then called "New Weal Jersey," embracing about 
one-half of the State as now constituted. The division 
between East and HY.-i .hr-cy was made by Carteret 
and the trustees of Byllinge, July 1, 1676. The line 
of partition was agreed on "from tin- east side of 
Little Egg Harbor, straight north, through the coun- 
try, to the utmost branch of Delaware River." This 
line was extended from Little Egg Harbor as far as 
the .South Branch of the Kantan, at a point jut 
of the old York Road. Ii was run by Keith, tin' Bur- 
veyor-general of East Jersey, but »:i* deemed by the 
West Jersey proprietors to be too far west, thereby 
encroaching on their lands, ami tbej objected to it* 
continuance. On the 5th of September, 1668, Gov- 
ernors Coxe and Barclay, representing the respective 
Interests, entered into an agreement, to terminate the 
dispute, it was thai this Line, so far as run, should 

be the hound, and that in its extension it should take 

the following course: From the point where it touched 
the South Branch, "along the back of the adjoining 

plantations, until it touches the North Branch of the 



Raritan, at the falls of the Allamitung, thence run- 
ning up that stream northward to it* rise near Surra- 

sunny." From that point a short straight line was t" 
In- run to touch tin- nearest part of the Passaic River. 

Such a line would pa*- about live mile, north of 

Morristown. The line was to he continued by the 

e se of the Passaic a- tar a- the Paquanick, and up 

that branch to forty-one degrees north latitude, and 
from that point in "a straight line due east to the 

partition-point on Hudson River between East Jersey 

and New York." This line gave to the northern part 
of West Jersey the present counties of Warren and 
Sussex, and portion,* of Morris, Passaic, and Bergen. 
The Coxe- Barclay agreement was not carried into ef- 
fect, although the division-line constituted the eastern 
boundary of Hunterdon County until Morris County 
ted, in 1 788. 
Edward Iiyllinge became so embarrassed in his 
financial ventures that in 1676 he was compelled to 

assign bis interests to William Penn, Gawen Lowrie, 
ami Nicholas Lucas, all Quakers, "to be used for 

the benefit of his creditors." Prior to this, however, 

he had sold a number of shares, and the trustees 
sold many of them to different purchasers, who 
thereby became proprietaries in common with them. 

Fenwieke soon alter made a similar assignment. A- 

these trustees were Quakers, the purchasers were mostly 
members of that body. Two companies were formed, 

one in Yorkshire, 'l' r other in Loudon, both intent on 
colonization in America, and in the same year some 
four hundred persons cam.' over, most of them of 
considerable means. Daniel Coxe was connected 
with the London Company, and one of the largest 
shareholders; subsequently he became the owner ol 

i \ 1 1 DSive tracts of land in old Hunterdon County. 
At that time persecution in England was driving 

the Quakers to America a.* to a haven of religious tol- 
eration and social equality. Emigration com;!. 
in the spring of L677, and on the loth of .tunc in that 
year the ship "Kent" arrived from London with two 
hundred and thirty pas.*engers. this was the second 
*hip " to the Western part*." Next arrived the " Wil- 
ling Mind," John NewCOmb commander, with sixty 
or seventy more. Several settlement* uer. started, 

and West Jersey became, as early as the yeai 

quite populous. Burlington was founded, and he- 
came the principal town. There the land-office for 

the whole province of West Jersej was located, and 

there all dei d* were recordi d. 

In 1681, Samuel Jennings, having received a com- 
mission from Iiyllinge a* deputs -governor, came to 
West Jersey, called an assembly, and with them 

agreed upon a ■ -titution and form of government 

From this ti m assemblies w< re beld each year, 

court* were established in several place*, ami "jus- 
tice was administered in due course of law." Jen- 
nings' successors in the executive department were 

r.,u,. 



12 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Thomas Olive, John Skeine, William Welsh, Dan- 
iel Coxe, and Andrew Hamilton. The last named 
continued as Governor until the proprietary charter 
was surrendered to the Crown. 

VI.— PROPRIETARY GOVERNMENT OF EAST JERSEY. 
On the 16th of October, 1680, the Duke of York 
relinquished all his pretensions to East Jersey in favor 
of the grandson and heir of Sir George Carteret,* 
soon after which Andros returned to England. Sir 
George died in 1680, and by his will, dated Dec. 5, 
1678, left his widow, Lady Elizabeth, executrix of his 
estate and guardian of his grandson and heir, George, 
a son of Sir Philip, and devised to Edward, Earl of 
Sandwich, John, Earl of Bath, Hon. Bernard Gren- 
ville, brother to the Earl of Bath, Sir Thomas Crewe, 
Knight, Sir Robert Atkyns, Knight of the Bath, and 
Edward Atkyns, one of the barons of the Exchequer, 
and their heirs, among other lands, all his property in 
East Jersey, in trust for the benefit of his creditors. 
These trustees, failing to find a purchaser by private 
application, offered it at public sale to the highest 
bidder, William Penn with eleven associates, most of 
whom were Quakers, and some already interested in 
West Jersey, becoming the purchasers for three thou- 
sand four hundred pounds.f Their deeds of lease 
and release were dated the 1st and 2d of February, 
1681-82, and subsequently each of them sold one-half 
of his respective right to a new associate, making in 
all twenty-four proprietaries. J In the following year 
the Duke of York confirmed this sale by issuing a new 
grant to the proprietors, their names there appearing in 
the following order: James, Earl of Perth, John Drum- 
mond, Robert Barclay, David Barclay, Robert Gor- 
don, Arent Sonmans, William Penn, Robert West, 
Thomas Rudyard, Samuel Groom, Thomas Hart, Rich- 
ard Mew, Ambrose Rigg, John Heyivood, Hugh Harts- 
home, Clement Plumstead, Thomas Cooper, Gawen 
Lawrie, Edward Byllinge, James Brain, William Gib- 
son, Thomas Barker, Robert Turner, and Thomas 
Warne, those in italics being eleven of the twelve 
original purchasers; Thomas Wilcox, the twelfth, 
having parted with his interest, Feb. 27, 1682, to 
David Barclay. \ 

There was a strange mingling of professions, re- 
ligions, and characters in these proprietaries, among 
them being, as an English writer observes, "high- 
prerogative men (especially those from Scotland), 
dissenters, papists, and Quakers." || The first twelve 

* Bill in Chancery, p. 8. 

f Orubame, ii., p. 280; New Jersey Laws, 1834-35, p. 175. Copies of 
the lease anil release tu the twelve are in the Secretary of State's office, 
Trenton, presented by descendants of Clement IMunistend, one of the 
grantees. 

J Heat Jeraey under the Proprietors, pp. 100-103. 

j* Hi hi., p. 11M. Guidon given, us the additional twelve, thirteen names, 
among them sir George Mackenzie, Hubert Burnet, Peter Sonmans, 
Thomas Cox, and William I lock win, who were all subsequent purchasers. 
Hubert Turner he calls Gawen Turner, and Thomas Warne, Thomas 
Kalme, — possibly clerical or typographical errors. 

I Wynne's British Umpire, i., p. 2U0. 



purchasers, however, were mostly, if not all, Quakers, 
and, as some of their associates were of the same re- 
ligious faith, they had a controlling influence in the 
body, which fact may explain why Robert Barclay, of 
Urie, a Quaker and a personal friend of William 
Penn, was selected to be Governor of the province. 
It was a worthy choice, as he was a man of learning, 
of religious zeal, and of exemplary character.^ Such 
was the esteem and confidence in which he was held 
by his fellow-proprietaries that they subsequently 
commissioned him as Governor for life; nor was he 
required to visit the province in person, but was 
allowed to exercise his authority by deputy. For 
this office he selected Thomas Rudyard, an eminent 
lawyer of London and one of the proprietaries. 

Soon after his arrival Rudyard selected as his coun- 
selors Col. Lewis Morris, Capt. John Berry, Capt. 
John Palmer, Capt. William Sandford, Lawrence 
Andress, and Benjamin Price, before whom he was 
sworn into office (Dec. 20, 1682) as deputy-governor. 
The previous "Concessions" were confirmed, and the 
Assembly called by Rudyard, which held three ses- 
sions during the year 1683 at Elizabethtown, " passed 
several acts of importance tending to the well-being 
of the province." Among these were acts remodeling 
the criminal and penal codes, etc., and " An Act di- 
viding the province into four counties, and appointing 
a high sheriff for each." The county of Bergen in- 
cluded all the settlements between the Hudson and 
Hackensack Rivers, and extended to the northern 
bounds of the province; Essex, all the country north 
of the dividing-line between Woodbridge and Eliza- 
bethtown and west of the Hackensack ; Middlesex, all 
from the Woodbridge line on the north to Cheese- 
quake Harbor on the southeast, and back southwest 
and northwest to the province bounds ; and Mon- 
mouth comprised the residue. A point of variance 
between the deputy-governor and Groom, the sur- 
veyor-general, led to Barclay's supersedure by Gawen 
Lawrie, a London merchant and a proprietary, who 
was already deeply interested in West Jersey: 

Although most of the proprietaries resided in Great 
Britain, still emigration and transfers of proprietary 
rights soon brought to East Jersey many persons who 
were directly interested in the soil, — resident prop- 
erty-holders, — who Aug. 1, 1684, established a " Board 
of Proprietors," composed of "all the proprietaries 
that might be from time to time in the province," and 
was designed "to act with the deputy-governor in the 
temporary approval of laws passed by the Assembly, 
the settlement of all disputes with the planters," etc. 
This board continued to have prominent control 
within the province " of those concerns which were 
connected with the proprietary titles to the govern- 
ment and soil."** Great pains was taken by the pro- 
prietary government to avoid a collision with the 

fl See Allilione's "Dictionary of Authors" for a full sketch of liis life 
and writings. 
** Kant Jersey under the Proprietors, p. 141. 



BRIEF REVIEW OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



13 



province of New York, whose Governor, Dongan, re- 
frained from any open act of hostility until 1685, 
when William Dyre was appointed collector of the 
customs. 

The Duke of York was now (lt>8. r >), by the death of 
Charles IL, raised to the throne as James II., and, 
notwithstanding he had thrice conveyed and con- 
firmed to others all the right-, powers, and privileges 
he had in New Jersey, he resolved to extend his royal 
prerogative over it in order to increase his revenues, 
The proprietaries in England were not silent under 
this arbitrary action of the sovereign. In a j»i-t i t i< . n 
to the king in council they specified some of the en- 
croachments of Dongan, in relation to the seizure of 
vessels trading to New Jersey, as calculated to " over- 
throw one of the must hopeful colonics in America." 
In a remonstrance subsequently presented to the king 
they reminded him that they had not received the 
province as a gratuity, hut had ex pen led for it twelve 
thousand pounds ; that under his own confirmation of 
their title and assurance of protection they had 6 ml 
thither several hundreds of people from Scotland, hut 

as yet had received no returns; and that, notwithstand- 
ing all these guarantees, their rights had been < iolated 
by the Governor of New York. They signified their 
willingness to submit to an imposition of thi 
customs that were levied in New York, ami among 
other prayers requested that a customs officer might 
be appointed at Perth Amboy.* The last request was 
the only one granted, as it promised additional rev- 
enue and did not conflict with the designs he then 

hail in view. 

(in the Uth of April, liWfi, the Assembly met for 
the first time at the new seat of government, Perth 
Amboy. Lawriewas succeeded by Lord Neill Camp- 
bell, in the same year. His council was composed of 
Gawen Lawrie, Bdaj. John Barry, of Bergen, Isaac 
Kingsland, of New Barbadoes, ('apt. Andrew Hamil- 
ton, of Amboy, Richard Townly, of Elizabethtown, 
Samuel Winder, of Chcescipiakc. David Mudie ami 
John Johnson, of Amboy, ami Thomas Codrington, 
of Etaritan. In 1687, Lord Campbell returned to 

Scotland, leaving Andrew Hamilton as his substitute. 
Under the operations of the- writ of quo w irranio, i- 
sued in 1686 against the proprietors by the order of 

King James, the king's pliant too]. Andros, commis- 
sioned as Governor over all New England, proceeded 

to extend his sway not only over that country, hut 

over New Jersey, and, finding the king immovable in 
this determination, " the proprietaries of Bast Jereej 
considered it advisable to abandon the hopeless con- 
test for their previously-conceded privileges, and by 
facilitating the king's design obtain his guarantee to 
respect their right to the soil. The\ consequently 

made a formal surrender of their patent on thi-. eon- 
dition in April, 1688." The quo warranto pro. 
stayed so fir as atl'ected East Jer-cy ; and, as the pro 



' East Joint")- under the Proprietorial pp. 141-146. 



prietaries of West Jersey also entered into tin- ar- 
rangement, a new commission was directed to Andros, 
annexing both provinces to his government, together 
with New York,— Governor Dongan being thus su- 
perseded, — with Francis Nicholson a- his lieutenant. 
'Phis made hut little if any change in the government 
of Bast Jejrsey, as Andros wisely continued all their 

Officers in their place-. 

In August, 1689, Eamilton left for Europe, and Un- 
people of East Jersey were I, ft to the guardianship of 
their county ami town officers from that time until 
1692. "These, however, possessed ample powers to 
meet nil common emergencies, and without any pro- 
sure from abroad, or attempted exercise of any dis- 
puted prerogative within the province by the agents 
id" the pr iprietaries, tie- authority of these local mag- 
istrate- appear- to have been respected and the peace 
of the community preserved. "t Bancroft asserts that 
during this period East Jersey had no government 
whatever ; but this is disputed by Whitehead and 
others, whose opinions are supported by a refer 
the various charters and local regulations. 

Aft.r the death of Governor Barclay, in 1090, the 
proprietaries appointed John Latham, and. in 1691, 
Col. Joseph Dudley, as Governor, but the people 
"scrupled to obey both," although the reason is not 

given. Perth Amhoy. the new capital, had grown to 
be an important village, and from thence the new set- 
tlers spread westward, entering upon the unbroken 
interior and establishing themselves on the hanks of 
the Raritan, soon becoming sufficiently numerous to 

call for tl recti'. n of a new county; hence Som- 

cr-et wa- - toff from Middlesex in 1688, with a some- 
what larger territory than it has at present. 

In September, Pi'. 1 ! Andrew Hamilton, who had 
been appointed Governor, arrived in Jersey, "and 
was received in a manner that removed every impedi- 
ment to the re-establishment of the proprietary gov- 
ernment."! IP- appointed John Barclay receiver- 
and surveyor-general, and Thomas Gordon resident 

secretary, tin the 14th of the month he selected as 

his council Capt l-aae Kingsland, Capt. Andrew 
Bowne, John [nians, of Raritan River. David Mudie. 5 
.lame- Dundas, John Etoyce, of Etoycefield, Samuel 
Dennis, John Bishop, and Lewis Morris. September 
28th a General Assembly convened at Perth Amhoy. 

at which the laws passed -ul.-e pient to [682 were, 
with a few exceptions, re-enacted and other- amended. 
An act was also passed authorizing a special tax of 
four hundred pound- to lighten the burden of New 

York in the war between England and France, the 

frontier settlements being milch exposed to expedi- 
tions from Canada. 'Phis action must have been 
prompted by a sense of duty, as East Jersey had no 
danger to apprehend from the French, ami certainly 

at this time had no unu-ual regard for the interests 



t n.i.l. | 

( 111. Imr.l IlKrt.hunir ruccmxl«l Muillt- Id 16K. 



14 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



of New York. In 1696 similar projects for the relief 
of New York found little favor.* 

From 1692 to 1696 a more quiet condition of affairs 
prevailed than had existed for years, but dissensions 
were not yet at an end. Considerable agitation pre- 
vailed concerning the payment of quit-rents, but no 
adjustment of the matter was arrived at. The first 
judicial decision respecting land titles was obtained 
in 1695, the judgment being in favor of the party 
claiming under the proprietary grants. This was ren- 
dered of non-effect by the reversal of the king in 
council on account of a technical informality in the 
proceedings. 

In 1697 the proprietaries in England appointed 
Jeremiah Basse to succeed Governor Hamilton, and 
much dissatisfaction was felt and expressed in both 
Jerseys when it was found he had not received the 
royal approbation, but only the support of the pro- 
prietors. For that reason he postponed calling the 
Assembly together, but rather sought to make friends 
from among the opponents of that body. It was not 
until Feb. 21, 1699, that he convened the Assembly. 
Basse's first court was held in May, 1698, the record 
of which bears this entry : 

" Lewis Morris, Esq., came in opon Court and demanded by what au- 
thorise tliey kept Court. The Court declared by y° Kings Authoritie. 
He denied it & being asked, Who was dissatiistied besides himself, he said, 
One and all. The court commanding y° said Mori is to be taken in cus- 
tody, Col. Richard Townley, Andrew Hampton, both of Elimbethtowii, 
it three or four more, cried one and all, and y° said Lewis Morris said he 
would fain see who dui"st lay bold on him — and when a Constable by 
order of y e Court laid hold on him, he, iu y° face of y° Court, resisted."! 

Soon after (1699) followed the passage of a bill by 
the Assembly excluding from that body " any pro- 
prietor or representative of one." This was the out- 
come of the opposition of George WillocksJ to a bill 
before the Assembly, which was passed, and a writ 
issued by the Governor for the election of a member 
of Assembly in his stead. Thus were the proprietary 
interests endangered. The unjust action and harass- 
ing proceedings of New York in relation to the trade 
of the province formed another source of trouble. 
Governor Bellamont, of New York, tried to obstruct 
the foreign trade of East Jersey, and even forbade the 
printing in New York of proclamations which Gov- 
ernor Basse was anxious to distribute, making known 
the establishment of the ports of Perth Amboy and 
Burlington. Bellamont also published a proclama- 
tion, based upon an order he had obtained from the 
Crown, denying the right of the proprietors of East 
and West Jersey to the privilege of ports. Governor 
Basse resisted with much spirit. He put a cargo on 
board the ship " Hester," lying at Perth Amboy, and 
it was about to sail, when Bellamont sent down an 
armed force, seized the vessel and brought her to the 



* Whitehead: East Jersey under the Proprietaries, p. 191. 

t East Jersey Records. I'or this contempt the court fined him fifty 
pounds, and ordered him "to be committed to prison till paid." — \'ew 
Jvrtty Colonial Document*. 

I He was agent for the proprietors to collect quit-rents and arrearages, 
and also a member of Assembly. 



city; and, as Basse refused to have her cleared from 
New York, she was condemned in the Court of Ad- 
miralty. These difficulties continued until 1700, 
when Basse's claim for damages came before the 
Court of King's Bench, resulting in an award to 
Basse and the thorough establishment of the right of 
East Jersey to the privileges of a port. 

If Governor Basse met with opposition from the 
people at first, he found it greatly increased as months 
passed. Indeed, there were serious apprehensions of 
an insurrection under the leadership of Willocks and 
Morris. Nor were matters improved by the action of 
the citizens of Perth Amboy in returning Lewis Morris 
to the seat in the Assembly declared vacant by the 
dismissal of Willocks. Although both were cited to 
appear before the court at its October term, — which 
citation they refused to obey, — and although both the 
Council and Assembly became involved in this vex- 
atious issue, it does not appear that they were tried, 
for every month brought greater anarchy, until Basse's 
government was openly defied. Aug. 19, 1699, Gover- 
nor Hamilton was reinstated, notwithstanding Basse's 
efforts to prevent it; but he did not arrive in the 
province until December, prior to which time Basse 
had sailed for England. Hamilton's course being one 
of pacification,^ his authority was at first generally 
submitted to ; but this was not to last long, for there 
was still a numerous party who held a deep-rooted 
aversion to the proprietary government, no matter by 
whom represented. The majority of the Assembly 
were of this class, and when Hamilton dissolved the 
Assembly, May 31st, the day after it first convened, 
"the validity of his commission was for the first time 
openly called in question. Tumultuous and seditious 
meetings were subsequently held, the justices ap- 
pointed by him were assaulted while sitting in open 
court by bodies of armed men, the sheriffs were at- 
tacked and wounded when in the discharge of their 
duties, and every exertion made to seduce those peace- 
ably disposed from their allegiance to the government ; 
so that this period became known in after-years as 
' the Revolution.' "|| Of this critical time Whitehead 
says, — 

"A crisis had evidently arrived in the affairs of the province which 
the proprietors were not prepared to encounter successfully. As a body 
they had become so numorous. so scattered,— some in England, some in 
Scotland, and some in America,— and so divided iu interests, that unan- 
imity in council could scarcely be expected; and yet the inhabitants 
were pursuing such a system of measures as required tho utmost wisdom 
to project, with equal firmnoss and union to administer, such remedies 
as could alone lead to tho re-establishment of peace and regularity: 
without these necessary qualities to control their opponents, but one re- 
sult could be anticipated."^ 

VII.— SURRENDER OF THE GOVERNMENT TO THE 
CKOWN. 
In the years 1701 and 1702 there occurred many 
dissensions and disturbances in both the east and west 

g Ho wisely restored Morris to the Council. 

|| Bill in Chancery ; East Jersey under the Proprietaries. 

fi East Jersey tinder the Proprietaries, p. 218. 






ORIGINAL COUNTIES AND TFIKIK BOUNDARIES. 



15 



provinces, but the proprietors, finally wearied of con- 
tending with one another, and with the people, drew 
up :m instrument whereby they surrendered their 
right of government to the Crown,* which was ac- 
cepted by Queen Anne, April 17, 17112. This was 
the end of proprietary government in New Jersej ; 
thenceforward, until I77ii. ii was under royal rule. 

The queen consolidated both Jerseys into one prov- 
ince, and commissioned Lord Cornbury as Governor 
ofboth Xew York and New Jersey. In tli is capacity 
he acted from L708 until 17<i8, when, giving heed to 
the grievous complaints made against him by the peo- 
ple, the queen revoked his commission. He was suc- 
ceeded by .Inhn, Lord Lovelace, but his death (which 

occurred .May 5, 1709) threw the government into the 
bands of Lieutenant-Governor Ingoldsby. Governor 
Hunter's administration commenced in 1710; in 1720 
he resigned in favor of William Unmet. Afterwards 
officiated John Montgomery, 1727 to 1731; William 
Cosby, 1731 to 1736; John Anderson, also in 1736; 
John Hamilton, 173G to 1738. In the summer of the 
last-named year a commission arrived to Lewis .Mor- 
ris as Governor of New Jersey, separate from New 
York ; be served until his death, in 1746. He was 
followed successively by President Hamilton, 1746; 
John Beading, 1746; Jonathan Belcher, 1747 ; John 
Reading, 17">7 ; Francis Bernard, L758 ; Thomas 

B 6, I7i'.0; Josiah Hardy, 1761; and William 

Franklin, son of Benjamin Franklin, in 1763, — the 
last royal Governor, he bring deposed, arretted, and 
sent a prisoner to Connecticut in 177b. 



Jersey I '^ ■ !■ ox i.t i Dw umonts, 
erelgnty ol Bast 1 
a Ornutoo, Edward Antill, 
imuw Lam 1 , Ptiul Dominique, 



•See Smith'.* "New Jersey," pp, 500 '-T:'., and "Grants anil Conces- 
sions,'* PP' MS COO, for Bome <>f the doc ts connected with tl e- 

goUatlous, and many others are In the Nev 
The proprietaries "h>> -i>:i...<l away thesoi 
Peter Sonniaim, Joseph Ormston, Churli 

G ge Will... u, Francis II.. k, Sir Th 

Boberl Kitchcll, Joseph B [sbank, Edward Rtchier, Mkhacl Watts, 

Clemen! Pfumscrad, Boberl Burnot, Miles r"ostor, .l..iui Johnston, Mich- 
ael Bnwdon, Julm Barclay, David l.v.ll. Th as Warn*, Thomas Gor- 
don, Tliomai BarHr, Thomtu Cooper, Qllberl Uolliaon, Blchard Basel, and 

William Dockwra. Thn f these those in Italics— we i the 

twenty-four who nineteen years previous had received the grant fruni 

thoDul fY.uk. And 11 wassaid in I7.v> thai rixty-fonr yoara aftoi 

the grant to the twenty-four (1740 therews cendantof 

tl... whole nuthbei onjoylng u a f<>..t "I land in East Jersey" exi 

right of the Ponns and t\o> ..r thred small plantations occupied by the 

Hartshoi oee and Wai at . n refli tinn which should " abal ir ardor 

In the punull >.r lands and wealth, aud make us tiiink ourselvi 
hut tenants In oon i" the blessings which ii .inh pi I 

' ..r.f'..ir detail "/ th* 

1 grant*, I othtr rights of a Ilia Inert 

Dtgttttd In order, AVu fort, r i„i..ii, : , Samuel Parser, 17110." This little 

work, containing many i..i -t i ntc remarks reapocUng men and tilings 

In New Joi ley, Is ... the Phil ulelphla Library, th ly copj over seen 

■r by the writer.— JSust Jsrssy andsr (As IV ; 

', p. 220. 



CHAPTER II. 

ORIGINAL COUNTIES AND THEIR BOUN- 
DARIES. 

L— COUNTIES DNDER Till: PROPRI1 fi 
Previous to the aci of the General Assembly of 

1700 erecting and defining the boundaries of the old 

counties of New Jersej , eighl bad been formed. These 
were Monmouth, Essex, and Salem, in 1675 ; Glouces- 
ter, in 1077; Middlesex, in 1682; Somerset, in 1688; 
i 'ape May, in 1692; and Burlington, in 1604. 

may be called the Original Counties Under the proprie- 
tary government. In 1702 the proprietor- surren- 
dered their charter to Queen Anne, and the royal 
government was extended over East and West Jersey, 

united in one province. After the brief and inglorious 
administration of Lord Cornbury, the provincial gov- 
ernment was organized under John, Lord Lovelace, 
Baron of Hurley, and the Legislature convened li r- 1 

atBergenand then at Burlington. Nothing, however, 
was done by the firs! tour Assemblies towards organ- 
izing the civil divisions of the province. 

n.— COUNTIES defined by the act of 17011. 

In the eighth year of the reign of Queen Anne, the 
fifth Assembly, held at Burlington, passed an act di- 
viding and ascertaining the boundaries of all the coun- 
ties in the province, a- follows : 

In the eastern division, the county of Bergen should 
begin at Constable's Hook, and so run up along the 
bay and Hudson River to the partition-point between 
New York, and so to run along the partition-line be- 
tween the provinces and the division-line of the east- 
ern and western divisions of this province to l'e.pia- 

aoefc River; and so to run down the said Pequanock 
River and Passaic River to the Sound, and bo to fol- 
low the Sound to Constable's Hook, where ii began. 

Kssex began at the mouth of the Itahway River 
where it falls into the Sound, and ran up -aid ri\er to 
Robinson's Branch; thence west to the division-line 
between the eastern and western divisions, and go to 
follow the said division-line to the Pequanock River, 

where it meets the Passaic RWerj thence down the 
Passaic River tO the bay Sound; thence down the 
Sound to where it began. 

The county of Somerset began where Bound Brook 
empties itself into the Raritan River; thence down 
the stream of Raritan to the mouth ofa brook known 

by the name of Lawrence'- I'.rook ; thence running 
up the said Lawrence's I'.rook to Cranberry I'.rook; 

from thence south forty-four degree-, westerly to Sau- 
pinck Brook, to the said division-line of the easterly 
and westerly divisions aforesaid, and so to follow the 
-aid di\ ision-line to the limits of the aforesaid county 
of Essex ; thence east along the line of Essex < lounty 
to Green I'.rook and Bound Brook to where it began. 

Middlesex County began at the mouth of (he Creek 
that part- the land- of ge Willocks and what 



16 



SUSSEX AND WARKEN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



were formerly Capt. Andrew Brown's ; thence along 
the said Capt. Andrew's line to the rear of said land ; 
thence upon a direct course to Warne's bridge, on the 
brook "where Thomas Smith did formerly live;" 
thence upon a direct course to the southeast corner of 
Barclay tract of land that lies near Matchaponix; 
thence to the most southernmost part of said tract of 
land in Middlesex County ; thence upon a direct line 
to Saupinck bridge on the high-road, including Wil- 
liam Jones, William Story, Thomas Buchanan, and 
John Guyberson, in Monmouth County; thence along 
the said road to Aaron Robin's land ; thence westerly 
along the said Robin's land and James Lawrence's 
line to the line of the eastern and western divisions 
aforesaid, including Robin's and Lawrence's, in Mon- 
mouth County; thence northerly along the said line 
to Saupinck Brook, being part of the bounds of said 
Somerset County; thence following the lines of the 
said Somerset and Essex Counties, and so to the 
Sound ; and thence down the Sound to Amboy Point; 
and from thence down the creek to where it first 
began. 

The partition-line between Burlington and Glouces- 
ter Counties began at the mouth of Pensauquin, alias 
Cropwell, Creek; thence up the same to the fork; 
thence along the southernmost branch thereof— some- 
times called Cole's Branch — until it comes to the head 
thereof, which is the bounds between Samuel Lipin- 
cote's and Isaac Sharp's lands ; thence upon a straight 
line to the southernmost bank of Little Egg Harbor's 
most southerly inlet; thence along the line of the 
sea-coast to the partition-line between East and West 
Jersey ; thence along the said line of partition, by 
Maidenhead and Hopewell, to the northernmost and 
uttermost bounds of the township of Amwell ; thence 
by the same to the river Delaware ; thence by the river 
Delaware to the first-mentioned station. 

The beginning-point of Gloucester County was at 
the mouth of Pensauquin Creek ; thence up the same 
to the forks thereof; thence along the said bounds of 
Burlington County to the sea; thence along the sea- 
coast to Great Egg Harbor River; thence up said 
river to the forks thereof; thence up the southern- 
most and greatest branch of the same to the head 
thereof; thence upon a direct line to the head of 
Oldman's Creek ; thence down the same to the Dela- 
ware River; thence up the Delaware River to the 
place of beginning. 

Salem County began at the mouth of a creek on 
the west side of Stipson's Island, commonly called 
Tecak's Creek; thence up the same "as far as high 
tide floweth ;" thence upon a direct line to the mouth 
of a small creek atTuckahoe, where it comes into the 
southernmost branch of the fork of Great Egg Har- 
bor River; thence up the said branch to the head 
thereof; thence along the bounds of Gloucester 
County to Delaware River; thence down the Dela- 
ware River and Bay to the place, of beginning. 
Cape May County began at the mouth of a small 



creek on the west side of Stipson's Island, called 
Tecak's Creek ; thence up the said creek " as far as 
tide floweth;" thence along the bounds of Salem 
County to the southernmost main branch of Great 
Egg Harbor River ; thence down the said river to the 
sea; thence along the sea-coast to the Delaware Bay, 
and so up the said bay to the place of beginning. 

This last section subjected Somerset County to the 
jurisdiction of the courts and oflicers of Middlesex, 
for want of a competent number of inhabitants to 
hold courts and supply jurors, and enacted that jurors 
might be taken promiscuously from both to either of 
the said counties, but was altered on March 11, 
1713. 

In March, 1714, an act was passed by the General 
Assembly held at Burlington to alter the bounds be- 
tween the counties of Somerset, Middlesex, and Mon- 
mouth, making the lines as follows : 

"That the boundary-line between Somerset and Middlesex Counties 
shall be and begin where the road crosseth the river Raritan at Inian's 
Ferry, and run from thence along the said old road to Jedediah Higgins' 
house, leading towards the Falls of the Delaware, so far as tho eastern 
division of the province extends. 

"The boundary-line between Middlesex nnd Monmouth Counties shall 
be and begin at the mouth of the creek that parts the land of George 
Willcocks and the land that was formerly Capt. Andrew Brown's ; thence 
along the said captain's land to the rear of the said land ; thence upon a 
direct course to Warne's bridge, on the brook, where Thomas Smith did 
formerly live; then upon a direct course to the southeast corner of Bar- 
clay's tract of land that lies near Matchaponix ; thence to the most 
southernmost part of said tract of land, including the whole tract of land 
in Middlesex County; thence upon the direct line to Assanpinck bridge, 
on the high-road, including William Jones, William Story, Thomas 
Buchanan, and John Guyberson, in Monmouth County; thence along 
tho said Aaron Robbins' and James Lawrence's line to the line of the 
eastern and western divisions, including the said Robbins'* and Law- 
rence's in Monmouth County." 

On Nov. 4, 1741, in the fiftieth year of the reign 
of George II., an act was passed by the General As- 
sembly, convened at Perth Amboy, to annex part of 
the county of Essex to the county of Somerset, which 
made the boundaries of Somerset as follows,— viz. : 

" Beginning at the South Branch of the Raritan River, where the re- 
puted division-line between East and \Ve6t Jersey strikes the same ; along 
the rear of Raritan lots until it meets with the North Branch of said 
river; thonce up tho same to a fall of water commonly called Allama- 
tunk ; from thence along the bounds of Morris County to Passaic River; 
thence down tho same to the lower corner of William Dockwra's two- 
tenths, on the same river; thence on a straight line southeasterly to 
the head of Green Brook, and thonce down the said brook to Bound 
Brook ; thence down the said Bound Brook to the place where it empties • 
itself into tho Raritan River; thence down tho Raritan River to the 
place where tho road crosseth the said river at Inian's Ferry; from thence 
along the said old road which leads by Jedediah Higgins' house towards 
the Falls of tho Delaware, until it intersects the division-line to tho South 
Branch of the Raritan River, where it first began." 

In 1747 an act was passed erecting the southern 
part of the county of Salem into a separate county, 
thus altering the bounds of Cumberland County, as 
follows : 

" Beginning in tho county of Salem, at the mouth of Stow Creek, and 
running up tho same unto John Bick's mills, within tho county hereby 
erected ; then continuing still up Stow Creek Branch to tho house where 
Hugh Dunn now dwells, leaving tho said Hugh Dunn's within the new 

* liobiiw appears to be tho correct spelling, as in the former act. 



INDIAN 0CCI.TATFON— THE ORIGINAL PEOPLE. 



17 



oonnty; and from the said Hugh Dnnn*Bl seapon a straight line to 

Nathan Shaw's house, within the now county; end then on Ibe northeast 

m • ■ r> t i I ii Intorsecls the Pllesgrovc i , in Bnlem County; theiiM 

■long tin' mid lino till it Intersects tlio Una which divides theoonntlct of 

Qlouceeter and sal. n. , then running southeastward down til" ster line 

in tu the boundary of Capo May Couoty; then bonnded bj Cape May 
Oonnty to Delaware Bay; and up the Delaware Bay t.. Ihi 
beginning.' 1 

\i the time ol lixin- the original boundary-line 
between .Morris ami Somerset Counties, upon the 
erection of the latter, the division-line between the 
saiil counties was to be from the Palls of Allamatunk 
to the Passaic River, but, not mentioning what count 
of where to lix upon said river, it remained uncertain, 
very prejudicial to the inhabitants, and a great ob- 
stacle to the officers of the counties in the discharge 

of their duties. Hence, to obviate the difficulty, an 

acl was passed, March 28, 1849, beginning the di- 
vision-line between the said Somerset and Morris 

• '"Until'- :tl a fall of water run uly called Allania- 

tunk Palls, as in the previous act, and from thence on 

a straight line, before recited, in a ''nww ra«t and by 

north, as the i ijiass now points," to the main branch 

of Passaic River; and so down the said river as the 
above-recited act directs. 

III. COUNTIES IX NORTIIWESTERN NEW JERSEY. 
I 're viiius to March ii, 1713, the people of the west- 
ern division of New Jersey attended the several courts 
held in Burlington. But.it being very inconvenient 
tor most of the inhabitants, on account of the dis- 
tance and difficulties of traveling tit thai early day 
ami the expense necessarily incurred, therefore, to re- 
move these inconveniences, an act was passed by the 
General Assembly. March II, 1714, in the thirteenth 
year of the reign of Queen Anne, erecting the county 
Of Hunterdon, to wit : 
"That all and singular of tholandannd npper parts of the- siii.l western 

'MviKi i the province "t New Jersey, lying northwvd or situate nboTe 

But brook or rlvnlel commonly called Aasaupinck, I rected i i » t. • a 

' Ij named, and from henceforth !■• be called, the Count] "I Hunter- 
don; and thesald brook or rivulet coi nly known and colli 

II he the bonndory-llne between the county of Burlington and 
tlin Niia ."in.i.v of Huntonion." 

I be count? was to have and enj '. all tb. pin Ii 

lions, rights, liberties, privileges, and immunities 

whatsoever which any oilier county or province en- 
joyed, excepting only the choice of a representative 
in the General Assembly; which liberty was sus- 
pended until Her Majesty's pleasure was further 
known therein. This suspension la-ted until Feb, 10, 
I7l'.s. when King G ge, by bis instruction to Wil- 
liam Burnet, the i lovernor, was pleased to declare his 
royal pleasure thai the count] of Hunterdon should 
for the future have the choice of two representatives 
to serve in the General Assembly. The right of 
Salem township was suspended and given to Hunter- 
don, which elected two representatives in lieu of 
those from the former municipality. 

MorrisCounty was taken from Hunterdon by acl of 
the General Assembly passed Match 15, L788, The 
boundaries are thus set forth in the acl i 



"That iiIIiiikI singular the uuidannd upper parta of the wvl-l Hunterdon 
County, lying t.> the northward nnd eastward, situate and lying lothe 

eastward of a well-known place In Ihecountj of Hu rdon, being a fall 

of water in part of the Worth Branch "f the Rarftan River, called in the 
Indian langnage, or known by ihe name of, Mlamarnnk, to Ihenorth* 
eastward .•! the northeast end or perl .>f Ihe lands known as Ihe New 

lety lands, along the line thereof crossing the Bout! 
<.f the aforesaid Raritan River, nnd extending westerly toacerl 
mnrkedwlth Uieletters I. M., itandlng <.n tl"- north ildeofa brook 
eroptj Inc. Iteell Into the said Sooth Branch, by an old Indian path t" Ihe 
northward "f a line t" be run northwest from Ihe said tree t 

of tin- Delaw River, called Hnsconetcongv and so down the add 

the Delaware Hlver; all which said lands, 
ward, northward, and not Ihweetward of thenbovi boundaries,! 

Into a c it v, nii.l it Is hereby erected Into a connty, named, and from 

rUt i" becalled, tforris Count] ; and ihall |u»rt 

and from henceforth separate and divide Ihe same f Hunterdon 

i Sounty." 

Up to this time Trenton had been the place for the 
Iran-action of all public business by the people living 
in what tire now Hunterdon, Mercer. Morris, Su88t \. 
and Warren Counties, and the expense ami inconve- 
nience of going there to attend courts and for other 
public purposes led tu a petition from the people re- 
siding in the upper portion of Hunterdon to have the 
new connty of Morris erected. I'pon its organization 
courts were established at Morristown, which con- 
tinued t" be the -eat of justice for tile lie.pl. of 

Northwestern New Jersey till the county was divided 
and Susses < '.unity organized. 

Sussex County was erected from the upper pari of 

Morris County by an act of the General Assembly 
passed June s, | ;.",:;, with boundaries OS follows: 

"That nil and singular thelandsand npper partaof Horris Oonnty, 
northwest ..f tfusoonetcoug River, beginning al the mouth of . — * * . t i Ivor 
where it empties lotell Into the Delaware R]ver,and running np said 
Uui Dnetcong River to the head of the Great Pond; from tl... 
east to the linos tlmt divide tl..' provincoof Neu Jersey; tln-nco along 
the said line t.. tin. Delaware River aforesaid : thence iluwn iho name to 
tin- mouth ..f tin- Miw "tii'tcone. the place nf beginning, and I 
Musconotcong River, n. t.,r a- the county ..f Hunterdon bounds it. -hall 
I..- tl... boundary-line between that connty an. I the county "f Sussex." 

Such remained the bounds of Sussex < lounty till it 
was reduced i" it- present dimensions by the detach- 
ment of Warren ( '•unity in 1S24. After the erection 
of Sussex County, from dune, 1.753, to Dec. 9, 177ii, 

Hunterdon, Morris, and Susses united in sending a 
representative to the < reneral Assembly. At the last- 
mentioned date an act I passed by the ( reneral Assem- 
bly May in. 1768) received Hi- Majesty's approval, 
allow iter each inty to send a representative. 



' HAP I ER II I. 



INDIAN OCCUPATION-THE ORIGINAL 
PEOPLE 

[.—GENERAL TRIBAL DIVISIONS. 
When the tirst white explorers penetrated into the 
valleys of the Delaware and Hudson Rivers they 

found these, with all the cuiiitry lyiitir bet ween them, 
a- well a- the entire area DOW Comprised in tie S 

of New York and Pennsylvania, peopled by aborig- 



IS 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



inal tribes of the Algonquin stock, and embraced in 
two nations, or groups of nations, called by Eu- 
ropeans the Iroquois and the Delawares, the former 
having been so named by the French and the latter 
by the English. The language spoken by both these 
people was the Algonquin, but differed materially in 
dialect. The nation to which the whites gave the 
name of Delawares was known in the Indian tongue 
as the Lenni LenapS, or simply the Lenape ; the 
Iroquois were in the same tongue called the Mengwe, 
which name became corrupted by the more ignorant 
white men into Mingoes, which last term was adopted 
to some extent by the Delawares in its contemptuous 
application to their Mengwe neighbors, between 
whom and themselves feelings of detestation and 
hatred existed to no small degree. 

The Mengwe or Iroquois inhabited the territory ex- 
tending from the shores of Lake Erie to those of 
Champlain and the Hudson River, and from the head- 
waters of the Delaware, Susquehanna, and Allegany 
Rivers northward to Lake Ontario, and they even oc- 
cupied a large scope of country north of the St. Law- 
rence, thus holding not only the whole of the State of 
New York, but a part of Canada, which vast territory 
they figuratively styled their " long council-house," 
within which the place of kindling the grand council- 
fire was Onondaga, not far from the present city of Syra^ 
cuse, and at that place, upon occasion, representatives 
of all the Mengwe tribes met together in solemn de- 
liberative council. These tribes consisted of the Mo- 
hawks, Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, and Oneidas, 
who collectively formed an offensive and defensive 
confederation, which has usually been known in Eng- 
lish annals as that of the Five Nations.* 

The Mohawks occupied the country nearest the 
Hudson River, and held the post of honor as the 
guardians of the eastern entrance of the " long 
house." The Senecas, who were the most numerous, 
energetic, and warlike of the five tribes, defended the 
western portal of the "house," while the Cayugas 
were the guardians of the southern border of the 
Iroquois domain, — the frontier of the Susquehanna 
and Delaware valleys. The Oneida tribe was located 
along the shores of Oneida Lake, and the Onondagas, 
occupying a large territory in the central portion of 
the present State of New York, kept watch over 
the council-place and fire of the banded Mengwe. 
II.— THE LEAGUE OP THE IROQUOIS. 

The league of the Iroquois nations had been formed 
— at a date which no Indian chronology could satis- 
factorily establish — for the purpose of mutual defense 
against the Lenapfi and other tribes contiguous to 
them; and by means of this confederation, which 
they kept up in good faith and in perfect mutual ac- 

* At a later period — soon after the commencement of the eighteenth 
century — the Tuscaroras, having been almost entirely subjugated and 
driven away from their hunting-grounds in the Oarollnas, migrated 
northward and wore received into tho Iroquois confederacy, which 
from that time became known as the Six Nations. 



cord, they were not only enabled successfully to repel 
all encroachments upon their own territory, but after 
a time to invade that of other nations, and to carry 
the terror of their arms southward to the Cape Fear 
and Tennessee Rivers, westward beyond Lake Michi- 
gan, and eastward to the shores of the Connecticut. 

III.— THE DELAWARES OR LENNI LENAPE. 

The Delawares — the Indian people with which this 
history has principally to deal — occupied a domain 
extending along the sea-shore from the Chesapeake to 
the country bordering Long Island Sound. Back from 
the coast it reached beyond the Susquehanna valley 
to the foot of the Allegheny Mountains, and on the 
north it joined the southern frontier of their domi- 
neering neighbors, the hated and dreaded Mengwe or 
Iroquois. This domain, of course, included not only 
the counties of Sussex and Warren, but all of the 
State of New Jersey. 

The principal tribes composing the Lenni Lenape or 
Delaware nation were those of the Unamis or Turtle, 
the Unalachtgo or Turkey, and the Minsi or Wolf. 
The latter, which was by far the most powerful and 
warlike of all these tribes, occupied the most northerly 
portion of the country of the Lenape and kept guard 
along the Iroquois border, from whence their domain 
extended southward to the Musconetcongt Mountains, 
about the northern boundary of the present county of 
Hunterdon. The Unamis and Unalachtgo branches 
of the LenapS or Delaware nation (comprising the 
tribes of Assanpinks, Matas, Shackamaxons, Chiche- 
quaas, Raritans, Nanticokes, Tuteloes, and many 
others) inhabited the country between that of the 
Minsi and the sea-coast, embracing the present coun- 
ties of Hunterdon and Somerset and all that part of 
the State of New Jersey south of their northern 
boundaries. The tribes who occupied and roamed 
over the counties of Sussex and Warren, then, were 
those of the Turkey and Wolf branches of the Lenni 
Lenape nation, but the possessions and boundaries of 
each cannot be clearly defined. 

The Indian name of the Delaware nation, Lenni 
Lenapfi, signifies, in their tongue, "the original peo- 
ple," — a title which they had adopted under the 
claim that they were descended from the most ancient 

■f "The Wolf, commonly called the Minsi, which wo nave corrupted into 
Monsoys, had chosen to live back of the other two tribes, and formed a 
kind of bulwark for their protection, watching the motions of the Meng- 
we and being at hand to afford aid in case of a rupture with them. The 
Minsi wore considered the most warlike and active branch of the Lenap6. 
They extended their settlements from the Minisink, a place named after 
them, where thoy had their council-seat and fire, quite up to the Hudson 
on the east, and to the wost and south far beyond tho Susquehanna. 
Their northern boundaries were supposed originally to bo the heads of 
tho great rivers Susquehanna and Delaware, and their southern that 
ridge of hills known in New Joraey by the namo of Muskauecuiu, and 
in Pennsylvania by those of Lehigh. Conewago, etc. Within this 
boundary wore their principal settlements ; and even ns late as the year 
1742 they had a town with a peach-orchard on tho tract of land where 
Nazareth, in Ponnsylvanio, has si nee been built, another on the Lehigh, 
and others beyond tho Blue Ridge, besides many family settlements here 
ami there scattered." — History, Maimers, and Canton™ of tlie Indian Na- 
tion* who once inhabited Pennsylvania, by lieu. John lJeekewelder, 



INDIAN OCCUPATION— TIIK ORIGINAL PEOPLE. 



19 



of all Indian ancestry. Tins claim was admitted by 
the Wyandots, Miamis, and more than twenty other 
aboriginal nations, who accorded to the Lenape the 

title ii f iirtiii'li'iilh , ", or ii people whose anoc-strv ante- 
dated their nun. The Rev. John Heckewelder, in his 
" History of the Manners and ( lustoms of the Indian 
Nations," says of the Delaware nation, — 

"They will not adroit that the whites are superior heings. Thoy say 
tliiit the hair of their heads, tlnir features, and Ihe various colors ol 
their eyes evince tlmt they are not, like thomsolves, Leuni Lenapi, — an 
original people, a rare nl men tlml !m- .-vet...! iimi li;in-nl frum the be- 
ginning of time : i.ui tlmt tlnv mi' a mixed race, ami thorefore a trouble- 

ton in. Wborevsr thoy may be, the Great Spirit knowing the wlck- 

t-ilnos* uf their iliH|i.isiiii.ii, iniiii'l it iii'L-i-Hsary to give them a Great 
Book, and taught them bow to reodil tlmt tiny might know and ob- 
serve whal Be wished them to do and what to abstain from, lint they — 
tin- liiiliiuiH — have mi need of any such book to lit them know the will 
of th.ir Maker : they find it ongravod mi their own hearts; they have 
hml sufficient discernment given to tbem t>. distinguish good from evil, 
and bj following thai guide they are miro not to err." 

IV.— TRADITIONS AMONG THE DELAWARE TRIBES. 
Concerning the origin of the Lenape, numerous 

and essentially differing traditions were current anion;: 
the various tribes. One of these traditions is men- 
tioned by Loskiel in his " History of the .Mission of 
the United Brethren among the North American In- 
dians," as follows: 

"Among the Delaware*, those of the Minst or Wolf tribe say tlmt in 
tli^ beginning they dwelt in tin- earth nndora hike, and wore fortu- 
nately extricated frum thin unpleasant aba le by tin- die wvery whli b one 
of their men made of a hole, through which he ascended to tho surface; 
mi iviii' Ii, n> he was walking, he found a deer, which ho carried back 
with him into his BuhterraneonB habitation ; that tho deer wait eaten, 
and ho and his companions round the meal so good that they unani- 
mously "leterniini'il i i leave their ilurk aliode and remove to . place 
whli.- they could enjoy the light of heaven and havo sncli exoellenl 
game in abundance. 

"The two other tribes, the Unnmifl "i Tortoise, ami the Unntttclitgos 
or Turkey, have much similar notions, hot reject the story of tin' ink.-. 
which seems peculiar to the Minsi tribe." 

There was another leading tradition current among 
tin nations of the Lenapfi, which was to the effect 
that, ages before, their ancestors had lived in a far-off 
country to the west, beyond great rivers and moan- 
tains, and that, in the belief that there existed, away 
towards the rising sun, a red man's paradise, — a land 
of deer and heaver and salmon, — they had hit their 

western home and traveled eastward for many moons, 

until they stood on the western shore of tin- Namisi 

Sipu i Mississippi), and there they met a numerous 

nation, migrating like themselves. They were a stran- 
ger tribe, of whose very existence the Lenape! had 
been ignorant. They were none Other than the Meng- 
we; :iinl this was the first meeting of those two peo- 
ples, who afterwards became rivals and enemies, ami 
Continued such for centuries, Both were now trav- 
elers and bound on the same errand But they found 

a lion in their path, for beyond the great river lay tin' 
domain of a nation called Ailegewi, who were not 
only strong in numbers and brave, but more skilled 
than themselves in the arl of war, who had reared 

great defenses "f earth inclosing their villages and 

strongholds. In the true spirit of military strategy. 



they permitted a part of the emigrants to CTOSS tin- 
river, and then, having divided their antagonists, fell 
Upon them with great fury to annihilate tin in. But 
when the Lenape saw this they at once formed an al- 
liance, offensive ami defensive, with the- Mengwe. 
The main body crossed tin river and attacked the Ai- 
legewi with such desperate energy that they defeated 
and afterwards drove them into the interior, where 
they fought from stronghold to stronghold, till finally, 
after a long and bloody war, the Ailegewi were not 

only humiliated, hut exterminated, and their country 
wa- occupied by the victors. After this both nations 

ranged eastward, the Mengwe taking the northern 
and the Lenape still keeping the more southern route, 

until, after long journeying*, tin- former reached the 

Mohicanittuck (Hudson River) and the latter rested 
upon the hanks of the Lenape Wihittuck, — the beau- 
tiful river now known as the Delaware, — and here 
they found that Indian elysium of which they had 
dreamed before they left their old homes in the land 
of the setting sun. 

These and other similar Indian traditions may or 
may not have BOme degree of foundation in fact. 

Then- are to-day many enthusiastic searchers through 
the realms of aboriginal lore who accept them :t» au- 
thentic, and who believe that the combined Lenape' 
ami Mengwe did destroy a great and comparatively 

civilized people, ami that tin- unfortunate Ailegewi 
who were tints extinguished were none others than 

the mysterious Mound-Builders of the Mississippi 

valley. This, however, is hut one of the many profit- 

less i jectures which have been indulged in with 

reference to that unknown people, and is in no way 

pertinent t" this history. All Indian tribes wen- fond 
of narrating the long journeys and great deeds of 
their forefathers, and of tracing their ancestry back 
for centuries, some of them claiming descent from the 
great Manitou himself. Missionaries and travelers 

among them who were, Or professed to he. familiar 

with their language and customs have spoken with 
apparent sincerity of Indian chronology running back 

to a period before the Christian era, and smiie of the 

old enthusiasts claimed that these aborigines were 

ii.-. en. hints of the lost trihes of [srael. Bui all the 

• In a small, quaint, and now very rnre v.. in me entitled "An Htotorictl 
and Country >i W ■-.' hTea I 

Hoviu ni.ii' Public* till now, by Gabriel Ti too, London, 1606," and 

dedicated "Ti< the IliKlu Hoi rable sir. I. .In, Moor, Sir Thou 

Knights ami Aldermen ->f the city of 1. Ion, and t.. tho raal <.f the 

Worthy Hemboraofthe West Joiiey Proprietors^" ia found the following, 

In relbronoe to tbi -ill.- iir.t inhabitants "f 

•a, being supposed to bo part of thi Tendis* 

I in their 

mething In their Practices and Worship; for e> | 
Ponstlranla tndlani ronton and 

... I limit- 
they gal iii the whole year, i i I ol D 
whom tin y must p! vvlll be- 

tull ih.. m. .ui.l great Injuries will be dona thorn. Whan they bury thatr 
Dead, tiny pal Into tin. Qround with than 

kenaol their Lova and MIectton), with other Thinp, 
hay shall have Occasion fur (ham in the other. World." 



20 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



traditions of the Indians were so clouded and involved 
in improbability and so interwoven with superstition, 
and the speculations of antiquarian writers have almost 
uniformly been so baseless and chimerical, that the 
whole subject of Indian origin may be dismissed as 
profitless. 

V.— TOTEMS OR TRIBAL BADGES OF THE INDIANS. 
The Indians, from the earliest times, considered 
themselves in a manner connected with certain ani- 
mals, as is evident from various customs preserved 
among them, and from the fact that, both collectively 
and individually, they assumed the names of such 
animals. Loskiel says, — 

"It might indeed be supposed that those animals' names which they 
have given to their several tribes were mere badges of distinction, or 
' coats-of-arms, 1 as Pyrlaeus calls them; but if we pay attention to tbe 
reasons which they give for those denominations, the idea of a supposed 
family connection is easily discernible. The Tortoise — or, as they are 
commonly called, the Turtle — tribe, among the Lenape, claim a supe- 
riority anil ascendancy over (he others, because their relation, the great 
Tortoise, a fabled monster, the Atlas of their my thology, bears, according 
to their traditions, this great island on his back,* and also because he is 
amphibious and can live both on land and in the water, which neither 
of the heads of the other tribes can do. The merits of the Turkey, which 
gives its name to the second tribe, are that he is stationary and always 
remains with or about them. As to the Wolf, after which the third tribe 
is named, he is a rambler by nature, running from one place to another 
in quest of his prey ; yet they consider him as their benefactor, as it was 
by his means that the Indians got out of the interior of the earth. It 
was he, they believe, who by tbe appointment of the Great Spirit killed 
the deer which the Mousey found who first discovered the way to the 
surface of the earth, and which allured them to come out of their damp 
and dark residence. For that reason the wolf is to be honored and his 
name to be preserved forever among them. 

"These animals 1 names, it is true, they all use as national badges, in 
order to distinguish their tribes from each other at home and abroad. In 
this point of view Mr. Pyrlaeus was right in considering them as ' coats- 
of-arms. 1 The Turtle warrior draws, either with a coal or with paint, 
here and there on the trees along the war-path, the whole animal, car- 
rying a gun with tbe muzzle projecting forward ; and if he leaves a mark 
at tbe place where he has made a stroke on his enemy, it will be the 
picture of a Tortoise. Those of the Turkey tribe paint only one foot of a 
turkey, and the Wolf tribe sometimes a wolf at large with one foot and 
leg raised up to serve as a hand, in which the animal also carries a gun 
with the muzzle forward. They, however, do not generally use the word 
' wolf when speaking of their tribe, but call themselves P'duk-sit, which 
means round foot, that animal having a round foot, like a dog." 

VI.— INDIAN POPULATION IN NEW JERSEY. 
It does not appear that the Indians inhabiting 
New Jersey were very numerous. In an old pub- 
lication entitled "A Description of New Albion," 
and dated a.d. 1648, it is found stated that the 
native people in this section were governed by about 
twenty kings ; but the insignificance of the power 
of those " kings" may be inferred by the accom- 
panying statement that there were " twelve hundred 
[Indians] under the two Raritan kings on the north 
side, next to Hudson's River, and those came down 
to the ocean about little Egg-bay and Sandy Barne- 
gatte; and about the South Cape two small kings of 
forty men apiece, and a third, reduced to fourteen 



* And they believed that sometimes the grandfather tortoise became 
weary and shook himself or changed his position, and that this was tlio 
cause of earthquakes. 



men, at Roymont." From which it appears evident 
that the so-called "kings" were no more than ordi- 
nary chiefs, and that some of these scarcely had a 
following. Whitehead, in his " East Jersey under 
the Proprietary Governments," concludes, from the 
above-quoted statement, "that there were probably 
not more than two thousand [Indians] within the 
province while it was under the domination of the 
Dutch." And in a publication! bearing date fifty 
years later (1698) the statement is made that "the 
Dutch and Swedes inform us that they [the Indians] 
are greatly decreased in numbers to what they were 
when they came first into this country. And the In- 
dians themselves say that two of them die to every one 
Christian that comes in here." 

VII.— CONQUEST OF THE LENNI LENAPE BY THE 
IROQUOIS. 

Before the European explorers had penetrated to 
the territories of the Lenape the power and prowess 
of the Iroquois had reduced the former nation to the 
condition of vassals. The attitude of the Iroquois, 
however, was not wholly that of conquerors over the 
Delawares, for they mingled, to some extent, the 
character of protectors with that of masters. It has 
been said of them that " the humiliation of tributary 
nations was to them [the Iroquois] tempered with a 
paternal regard for their interests in all negotiations 
with the whites, and care was taken that no tres- 
passes should be committed on their rights, and that 
they should be justly dealt with." This means, 
simply, that the Mengwe would, so far as lay in their 
power, see that none others than themselves should 
be permitted to despoil the Lenape. They exacted 
from them an annual tribute, an acknowledgment of 
their state of vassalage, and on this condition they 
were permitted to occupy their former hunting- 
grounds. Bands of the Five Nations, however, were 
interspersed among the DelawaresJ probably more 
as a sort of police, and for the purpose of keeping a 
watchful eye upon them, than for any other purpose. 

The Delawares regarded their conquerors with feel- 
ings of inextinguishable hatred (though these were 
held in abeyance by fear), and they also pretended to 
a feeling of superiority on account of their more an- 
cient lineage and their further removal from original 
barbarism, which latter claim was perhaps well 
grounded. On the part of the Iroquois, they main- 
tained a feeling of haughty superiority towards their 
vassals, whom they spoke of as no longer men and 
warriors, but as women. There is no recorded instance 
in which unmeasured insult and stinging contempt 
were more wantonly and publicly heaped on a cowed 

t Gabriel Thomas' " Historical Description of the Province and Coun- 
try of West Now Joisey in America." 

X The same policy was pursued by the Five Nations towards the Sha- 
wanese, who had been expelled from the far Southwest by stronger 
tribes, anil a portion of whom, traveling eastward as far as the country 
adjoining the Delawaros, had been permitted to orect their lodges there, 
but were, Uko the Lenape, hold in a statu of subjection by the Iroquois. 



INDIAN OCCUPATION— THE ORIGINAL PEOPLE. 



21 



and humiliated people than on the occasion of a 
treaty held in Philadelphia in 174l', w hen Connossa- 
tego, an old Iroquois chief, having hcen requested I > \ 
the Governor to attend (really for the purpose of 
forcing the Delawares to yield up the rich lands ol 
the Minisink), arose in the council, where whites and 
Delawares and [roquois were convened, and in the 
name of all the deputies of his confederacy said to 
the Governor that the Delawares had been an unruly 
people and were altogether in the wrong, and that 

they should he removed from their lands; and then, 
turaing Superciliously towards the abashed Delawares, 
said to them, " You deserve to he taken by the hair 
of your heads and shaken until you recover your 

senses and become sober. We have seen a deed, 
signed by nine of your chief- over fifty year- ago, for 
this very land. But how came you to take it upon 
yourselves to sell lands at all? We conquered you; 

we made women of you! You know you are women 

and can no more sell lands than w en. Nor is it lit 

that you should have power to sell land-, since you 
Would abuse it. You have had clothes, meat, and 
drink, by the goods paid you lor it, and now you 
want it again, like children, a- you arc. What makes 
you sell lands in the dark'.' Did you ever tell IIS 

you had sold this land.' Did we ever receive any 
part, even to the value of a pipe-shank, from you for 
it? This i- acting in the dark, — very differentlj from 
the conduct which our Six Nations observe in the 

sales of land. But we find you are none of our 

blood; you act a dishonest pari in this as in othei 
matters. Your ears are ever open to slanderous reports 
about your brethren, for all these reasons we charge 
you to remove instantly/ We do not give you liberty to 
think about it. ) 'ou are women/ Take the advice of 
a wise man. and remove instantly/ You may return 
to the other Bide of the river, where you came from, 
bul we do not know whether, considering how you 

have demeaned your-elve-, you will lie permitted to 

live there, or whether you have not already -wallow ed 

that land down your throats, as well as the hind on 

this side. You may go either to Wyoming or Shamo- 

kin, and then we shall have you under our ej e and 

can >ee how you behave, Don't deliberate, but go, 

and take this bell of wampum." lie then forbade 
them ever again to interfere in any matter- between 
while man and Indian, or ever, under any pretext, to 

pretend to sell lands; and as they (the Iroquois), In- 
said, had -nine business of importance to transact with 

the Englishmen, he commanded them to imi liately 

leave the council, like children and women, as they 

Heckewelder, however, attempts to rescue the good 

name of the humbled Delawares by giving some of 
their explanation-, intended to show that the epithet 
"women," as applied to them liy the [roquois, Was 
originally a term of distinction rather than reproach, 
Blld "that the making women of the Delaware- was 

not an act of compulsion, bul the resull of their own 



free will and eon-, in." lie gives the story, as il was 

narrated by the Delawares. substantially in this way: 

The Delawares were always too powerful for the 

[roquois, so thai the latter wen- at length i vinced 

thai if war- between them should continue, their own 

extirpation would become inevitable. They accord- 
ingly sent a message to the Delawares. representing 
that if continual wars were to be carried on between 
the nations, this would eventually work the ruin of 
the whole Indian race; that in order to prevent this 
it was necessary that one nation should lay down 
their arms and be called the woman, or mediator, with 
power to command the peace between the other na- 
tions who might be di-po-ed to persist in hostilities 

against each other, and finally recommending thai 

tin- pin of the woman should be assumed b\ the 

Delaware-, a- the most powerful of all the nations. 

The Delawares, upon receiving this message, and 
not perceiving the treacherous intentions of tin [ro- 
quois, consented to the proposition. The [roquois 

then-appointed a council and feast, and invited the 

Delaware- to it. when, in pursuance of the authority 
given, they made a solemn speech, containing three 
capital points, 'fhc first was that the Delaware- he 
and they were declared women, in the following 
words : 

"We drees you in a woman'- long habit, reaching 
down to your feet, and adorn you with ear-rings," 
meaning that they should no more take up arms. 

The second point was thus expressed: "We hang a 

calabash fille I with oil and medicine up,.:, your arm. 

With the oil you -hall cleanse the ears of other na- 
tions, that they may attend to g 1 and not to bad 

Words; and with the medicine you shall heal those 
who are walking in foolish ways, that they may return 
to their senses and incline their hearts to peace." fhc 
third point, by which the Delaware- were exhorted to 
make agriculture their future employment and means 

of subsistence, was thus worded: "We deliver into 

your hand- a plant of Indian corn and a hoe." Each 

of these points was confirmed by delivering a belt of 
wampum, and these belt- were carefully laid away, 
and their meaning frequently repeated. 

"I'he [roquois, on the contrary, a— ert that they 
Conquered the Delaware-, and that the latter were 
forced to adopt the defenseless state and appellation 

of a woman to avoid total ruin. Whether these differ- 
ent account- be true or false, certain it is that the 
I Delaware nation has e\cr since been looked to for the 

preservation of peace and intrusted with the charge 

of the ureal belt of peace and chain of friendship, 

which tiny must take care to preserve inviolate. Ac- 
cording to the figurative explanation of the Indian-, 
the middle of the chain of friendship i- placed upon 
the shoulder of ihc Delawares. the n-t of the Indian 
nation- holding one end and the European- the 

other." 



22 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



It is evident that the clumsy and transparent tale 
of the Delawares in reference to their investiture as 
women was implicitly believed by Heckewelder and 
other Indian missionaries, who apparently did not 
realize that which no reader can fail to perceive, — 
that if their championship and explanation were to 
have any influence at all on the world's estimate of 
their Indian friends, it could hardly be a favorable 
one, for it would only tend to show that they had suf- 
fered themselves to be most ridiculously imposed upon 
by the Iroquois, and that they were willing to ac- 
knowledge themselves a nation of imbeciles rather 
than admit a defeat which in itself brought no dis- 
grace on them, and was no impeachment of their 
courage or warlike skill. 

Gen. William Henry Harrison, afterwards Presi- 
dent of the United States, in his " Notes on the 
Aborigines," said, in reference to the old missionary's 
account of the Delawares' humiliation, — 

"But even if Mr. Heckewelder had succeeded in making his readers 
believe that the Delawares, when they submitted to the degradation pro- 
posed to them by their enemies, were influenced, not by fear, but by the 
benevolent desire to put a stop to the calamities of war, he has estab- 
lished for them the reputation of being the most egregious dupes and 
fools that the world has overseen. This is notoften the case with Indian 
sachems. They are rarely cowards, but still more rarely are they de- 
ficient in sagacity or discernment to detect any attempt to impose on 
them. I sincerely wish that I could unite with the worthy German in re- 
moving the stigma upon the Delawares." 

It was not a lack of bravery or military enterprise 
on the part of the Delawares which caused their over- 
throw; it was a mightier agent than courage or 
energy :. it was the gunpowder and lead of the Iro- 
quois, which they had procured from the trading 
Dutch on the Hudson almost immediately after the 
discovery of that river, which had wrought the down- 
fall of the Lenape. For them the conflict was a 
hopeless one, waged against immeasurable odds, — re- 
sistance to the irresistible. Under a reversal of con- 
ditions the Delawares must have been the victors and 
the Iroquois the vanquished, and no loss of honor 
could attach to a defeat under such circumstances. It 
is a pity that the tribes of the Lenape should vainly 
have expended so much labor and ingenuity upon a 
tale which, for their own sake, had better never have 
been told, and in which even the sincere indorsement 
of Heckewelder and other missionaries has wholly 
failed to produce a general belief. 

When the old Iroquois chief Connossatego, at the 
treaty council in Philadelphia, before referred to, 
commanded the Delawares instantly to leave the 
council-house, where their presence would no longer 
be tolerated, and to prepare to vacate their hunting- 
grounds on the Delaware and its tributaries, the out- 
raged and insulted red men were completely crest- 
fallen and crushed, but they had no alternative and 
must obey. They at once left the presence of the 
Iroquois, returned to the homes which were now to 
be their homes no longer, and soon afterwards mi- 



grated to the country bordering the Susquehanna, 
and beyond that river. This forced exodus of the 
Delawares was chiefly from the Minisink, the section 
of country now embraced in Sussex and Warren 
Counties. 

There were traditions among the descendants of the 
Minisink people that the tribe from which that place 
derives its name made frequent expeditions down the 
river and came back with white men's scalps hanging 
at their belts. They stole down on the Pennsylvania 
side, and crossed over to this State a little below the 
Hopewell hills ; then, returning on this side of the 
river, they would lie in ambush along the yet wild 
and rugged shores and pick off any unfortunate trav- 
eler who might be passing along the river-path. An 
old Indian sachem used to relate that the steep hills 
along the Delaware had been the scene of more than 
one ambush and murder. 

It was only the Indians from the upper country, 
however, who committed these acts of violence and 
bloodshed. Those whose domain embraced what are 
now the counties of Hunterdon and Somerset were 
uniformly peaceable and friendly in their intercourse 
with the settlers, by whom they were treated with 
justice and consideration. Their numbers in this 
region steadily decreased as the years passed, but it 
was the natural decadence of their race, and not the 
steel of the white man, that swept them away. But 
a very small remnant of the tribe was left here at the 
opening of the Revolution, and of these a few served 
in the army under Washington. In a very few years 
after the close of the war they had entirely disap- 
peared. 

VIII.— FINAL DISPOSAL OF THE DELAWARES. 

At the treaty of 1758 the entire remaining claim 
of the Delawares to lands in New Jersey was extin- 
guished, except that there was reserved to them the 
right to fish in all the rivers and bays south of the 
Raritan, and to hunt on all uninclosed lands. A 
tract of three thousand acres of land was also pur- 
chased at Edge Pillock, in Burlington County, and 
on this the few remaining Delawares of New Jersey 
(about sixty in number) were collected and settled. 
They remained there until the year 1802, when they 
removed to New Stockbridge, near Oneida Lake, in 
the State of New York, where they joined their 
" grandsons," the Stockbridge tribe. Several years 
afterwards they again removed, and settled on a large 
tract of land on Fox River, Wis., which tract had 
been purchased for their use from the Menominee 
Indians. There, in conjunction with the Stock- 
bridges, they engaged in agricultural pursuits, and 
formed a settlement which was named Statesburg. 
There, in the year 1832, there remained about forty 
of the Delawares, among whom was still kept alive 
the tradition that they were the owners of fishing 
and hunting privileges in New Jersey. They re- 
solved to lay their claims before the Legislature of 



INDIAN OCCUPATION— THE ORIGINAL PEOPLE. 



23 



this State, and request that ti moderate sum (two 
thousand dollars) might be paid them for its relin- 
quishment. The person selected to act for them 
in presenting the matter heforc the Legislature was 
one of their own nation, whom they <-:i 1 1 < -c 1 Shawus- 
kukhkung (meaning "wilted grass"), bul who was 
known among tin' white people as Bartholomew 8. 
Calvin. He was born in 1756. and was educated at 
I ' :eton College, al the expense of Che Scotch mis- 
sionary society. At the breaking out of the Revolu- 
tion be left his studies to join the patriot army under 
Washington, and he Berved with credit during the 
Revolutionary struggle. At the time when bis red 
countrymen placed this business in his hands he was 
seventy-six years of age, yel he proceeded in the 
matter with all the energy of youth, and laid before 
the Legislature a petition In his favor signed by a 
large number of respectable citizens of New Jersey, 
togi ther with a memorial, written by his own hand, 

as follows : 

"My Hhi.tnukn: I him old and u<-;ik and poor,and therefore a fit 
tative of my poople. Yon are young and strong and 
B< ropreeeotaUves of your people. Uut let hil< bog youfora 
moment to laj ai [do the n collccUons "i your Btrengtb and of unr weak- 
ness, Uial yoar minds nun be prepared t-> examine with candor tlio ttub- 
■ claims. 
"Our tradition Informs us— and I believe it corresponds witii your 
tbat tho rinlit of Balling In all the riven and I ays south ..i the 
Rarltan, and "I hunting In all unlncloeed lands, was never relinquished, 
but, on tho contrary, was expressly reserved In our last treaty>held al 

i iii 1768. Having myself bee f the parties to the sale, 

— I boliove, in ism,— l leuow thut these rights were u<>t sold or parted 
with. 
"We ii"« oifor to sell these privileges to the State of Wen Jersey 

Tli. ■ % we ;e "i greal value to us,and we apprehend that neither ti 

ii.ii distance nor il ii-ii*!' .it our rights im* al all affected them, but 

tluit the c ts here would consldol oni i lainis valid were we ' 

thei raelves or delegate them to oth I 

thus to exclto litigation. We consider the State Legislature the proper 
purchaser, and iin"\* ourselves upon Its benovoloncc and magnaulmlty, 
Ijrustlng that feeling of Justlci and llboralltj will luduco you to give us 

wlnii you deoi sumpeusation. And, as wo ii ive evei looked up tu the 

leading chnractorMl Uie United States and to tho leadlo cbs 

iIhh Slate in parti ulai I s lathers, proto tors, and friends, we now 

look up to you as such, aud bumblj beg tbat you will look upon ns with 
that oyo "I plty.aswo havo reason t" think our poor uututored fore- 
fathers looked npon yours when they tir-t arrived upon our thou .-x t.-n- 
slvo bul uncultivated dominions, and sold them their lands, In many 

Instances foi trifle . In i oni| , .i- 'light a-, air.' 

" Kr your humble petitioner, 

" Babtuolohi w B. CaIA iv. 

" h, h, )„,lj,.j I,, I 

Iii the Legislature the aubject was referred to n 
committee, which, after patienl hearing, reported 
favorably ; whereupon the Legislature granted to the 
Delawares the sum of two thousand dollars, -tlie I'nll 
amount asked for, in consideration of thi> relinquish- 
ineni ni' their last rights and claims in ihe State of 
New Jersey. Upon this result Mr. Calvin uddn ssed 
in the Legislature a letter of thanks, which was read 
before the two houses in joinl session, and was received 
with repeated rounds of mosl enthusiastic applause, 

IX.— LOCAL INDIAN NAMES. 
We add to this chapter a few Delaware Indian 



names of local iti 



Susses and Warren t lounties. 



with their explanations, whieh will he of a--i-tanrc 

to the reader. 

In the Indian deed made by KowyockhickoD and 
other chiefs to William Penn, dated duly 15, 1682, 
the name given to the Delaware River was Mackeris- 

hickon. In another location and survey it wa- called 

Zlinikoway. The Delaware Indian- railed it I.niapr- 
whittuek, — i.e., "the river of the Lenapfi." It was 
al-o called Kit-hanne (in Minsi Delaware, Gichfc- 
hanne . signifying "the main stream in its region of 
country." The Dutch, who were the first Europi ans 
to sail u|i the Delaware, named it, in contradistinction 
from the North now Hudson) River, Zuydt or South 
River, and later the Fishkill. In a single instance 
(affidavit of Johannes Decker, in 1786] the Indian 
name of the Delaware is given as Lainasepose, signi- 
fying "fishkill." The river take- it- present name 
from Lord de la Ware, Governor of Virginia, who 
passed the Capes and sailed into Delaware Bay in 
1610. 

The Paulinskill was railed, in the Indian language, 
Tockhockonetkong. It- present name is said to have 
been derived from Pauline, the daughter of a Hessian 
soldi.r who was taken prisoner by Washington at the 
battle of Trenton, and who, after the close of the 
Revolutionary war, continued to reside in the neigh- 
borhood of Stillwater. Several surveys were located 
on this stream OS early as 171(1, and in one of the an- 
cient returns an Indian town is spoken of called Tok- 

hok-nok, near the head of the stream. From the 
large quantities of heads, arrow-heads, Hint-, etc., 

found where the Newton brickyard now stand- it is 

quite evident that an Indian village was once located 
there. It is also at the head of the West Branch of 
the Paulinskill. <>n Germany Flats, nearer to the 

East Branch, there -till remain the traces of an In- 
dian burying-ground. It may be that the ancient 
village of Tok-hok-nok was located within the pn sent 
limits "i" the town of Newton. 

The Indian name of the Pequest was Pophannunk, 
afterwards corrupted to Poquassing, and still later to 
it- present name. William Penn and Col. John Al- 
ford located two large surveys of twelve hundred and 
fifty acres each at the month of the Pophannunk 
River, and below the noted hill Penungauchung. 
I ih-i nart- comprised Belvidere and the Burround- 
untry, the surveys being made by John Reading, 
deputy surveyor, < >n. 8 and 9, 1716. William Perm's 
Richard, Thomas, and William, Bold the land 
to Robert Patterson in 1769, and on the Pequest he 
built the saw-mill then called Patterson's Mills. 
Penungauchung i- the Manunka Chunk of the pres- 
ent day. So anxious was the elder Martin Ryerson 
to preserve the correct orthography and pronuncia- 
tion of the word that hi' wrote it out and underscored 
it in one of his ancient returns to the surveyor-gen- 
eral's office a- Pe-Nun-gau-chung, 

•• Musconetcong" is corrupted Prom the Indian name 

Ma-khaniuunk, which Blgnifies "u rapid stream." 






24 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



According to an old survey, in 1716, there stood on 
the Musconetcong an Indian village called Woponi- 
onchosongong. 

The name "Blue Mountain" first occurs in the land 
records in 1773. The original Indian name was Pa- 
haqualong, from which Pahaquarry is a corruption. 
An Indian village and burying-ground located on the 
farm owned by the late Judge Andrew Ribble bore 
the original name. It has since been called the Kit- 
tatinny Mountain, Minisink Mountain, Blue Ridge, 
etc. In the report of the commissioners to divide 
Sussex County into precincts, 'dated April 17, 1754, it 
is called "Packoquarry Mountain," and in a couple 
of old documents written in 1755 it is called "The 
Great Mountain." 

According to Heckewelder, who is good authority, 
"Walpack" is a corruption from Wahlpeek, which in 
the Indian language signified a tarn-hole or whirlpool 
in the water. It is compounded of the two Indian 
words, woa-lac, "a hole," and tup-peek, "a pool." 
The name "turn-hole" — a provincialism now obso- 
lete — was used to designate a sudden bend of a stream 
by which the water when deep was turned upon itself 
into an eddy or whirlpool. The turn-hole in the Le- 
high, above Mauch Chunk, was many years ago an 
object of interest to travelers in that wild region. 
Howell's map of 1792 indicates the exact spot. There 
is a "turn-hole" in the bend of the Delaware at the 
mouth of the Flat Brook, from which Walpack doubt- 
less took its name. It is visible in low water, and 
during great floods it becomes a powerful whirlpool, 
sucking in large pieces of timber and carrying them 
out of sight. 

Heckewelder also says that Wantage is a corrup- 
tion of the Indian word Wundachqui, signifying "that 
way." 

Allamuchy is the site of an Indian village called 
Mamuchahokken. John Lawrence, who surveyed 
the East and West Jersey line in 1737, makes men- 
tion of this place in his field-notes. 

Emhowlack was the name of an Indian village on 
the Pequest, just below the new Pequest furnace. 



CHAPTER IV. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT IN SUSSEX AND 
WARREN. 

■I.— PIONEERS FROM ULSTER COUNTY. 
The first settlement in Sussex County, including 
the present county of Warren, was made in the upper 
valley of the Delaware, and was part of a general 
movement westward from the Dutch settlements at 
Esopus, New Paltz, and Kingston, on the Hudson 
River. The settlers were of the same Huguenot and 
Holland stock, — the former born in France, from 
which they bad been driven by persecution but a few 
years before, while the latter, if not themselves natives 



of Holland, were the immediate descendants of those 
born in that country, which then offered an asylum 
for the persecuted and oppressed of all nations, and 
whose struggles in behalf of civil and religious lib- 
erty were so memorable. 

The first settlers came here directly from Ulster Co., 
N. Y., the tide of immigration setting up the Mama- 
kating valley and thence to the Delaware, down 
which it flowed until it was met by another current 
ascending from Philadelphia. The two currents of 
population which thus met and mingled in the ancient 
valley of the Minisink and spread along the borders 
of these counties from the Neversink to the Musco- 
netcong were of divers nationalities, yet all uniting 
in one common characteristic, — a native love of liberty 
and a desire to find freedom from the civil and eccle- 
siastical restraints which had hampered and burdened 
them in the Old World. Those coming in from the 
north, we have said, were Huguenots and Hollanders, 
— the most renowned Protestants and dissenters of con- 
tinental Europe ; those reaching our territory from the 
south were Welsh, Quakers, Germans, and Scotch- 
Irish, with a considerable intermixture of the Puritans 
of New England, all noted for their struggles for civil 
and religious liberty in the several European countries 
whence they came. These formed the basis of the early 
population not merely of Sussex and Warren Counties, 
but of the upper Delaware valley generally, including 
the river settlements in the three States of New Jer- 
sey, New York, and Pennsylvania. 

The precise period at which the Dutch and Hugue- 
not settlers entered the Minisink valley is uncertain. 
We find the following in Mr. Edsall's " Centennial Ad- 
dress." Speaking of the " Old Mine Road," which he 
thinks was constructed and used by a company of 
miners from Holland as early as 1650, and abandoned 
as a mining-road upon the accession of the English 
rule, in 1661, he says, — 

"The main body of these men are believed to have 
returned to their native land, yet a few undoubtedly 
remained and settled in the vicinity of their aban- 
doned mines. In this county we class the Depues, 
Ryersons, and probably the Westbrooks and Sehoon- 
makers, as among the descendants of those ancient 
immigrants. . . . Here, then, wehavethepointatwhich 
the first settlement in Sussex County was made clearly 
established. Here log cabins were built and orchards 
planted when the site of Philadelphia was a wilder- 
ness. The Swedes in West Jersey and the Dutch 
and Norwegian settlers in Bergen antedate the pio- 
neers of Pahaquarry but a very few years. The light 
of civilization had shone but for a brief period upon 
the eastern and southwestern borders of New Jersey 
ere it penetrated our northern wilds. Feeble at first, 
it grew brighter as time advanced. News of the fer- 
tility of the Delaware flats was doubtless carried to 
Esopus, whence it was taken to Communipaw, to the 
island of Manhattan, and even into Bushwick and 
the vales of Mespat. Esopus was a favorite place of 



FIRST SKTTLKMENT IX SFSSKX AND WARREN. 



resort from 1600 to 1685, because of the great strength 
and richness of its soil ; but immigrants who came in 
there from around the bays and inlets of New York, 
Hergen, and Long Island, and who found the best 

locations occupied, turned their tl ghts to these 

bottom-lands on the Delaware, whereof many-tongued 
rumor had frequently spoken, and, led by necessity 
and curiosity, they followed the Mamakating until at 
last the blue outlines of the Pahaqualin Mountains 
greeted their vision, and the cabins of three or four 
bermit-like settlers were found reposing beneath their 
shadow. Here they mei a hospitable welcome and 

here they made tlo-ir locations, enlarging by their in- 
gress the social circle and aH'ording strength to the 
infant colony." 

This line and beautifully rhetorical passage, we are 
constrained to believe, is slightly in error as to its 
historical accuracy. The date assigned for the " three 
or lour hermit-like setl lew" and the " infant colon} " 
is undoubtedly too early bj a considerable period, 
Certainly, none of the Huguenot names could have 
been among those mentioned as having been in the 
valley prior to 1664, or for more than twenty years 
suliseipient to that date; for the decree revoking the 
Edict of Nantes, which Bent them to this country, was 
nol passed till L685. 

We notice that some other writers, probably relying 

for authority on the traditions of Scull and Lukens, 
who passed through the Minisink on a survi 
tour in 1780, have taken a similar view as the writer 
above quoted, ami have even given to the early .Mini- 
sink settlement ■■< greater antiquity. Thus M. R. 

Ilulee, in a letter to I,. W. lirodhead, Esq., -> 

"This valley was settled by the Dutch about one : 
hundred years before Penn founded Philadelphia." 

This is quite too great a stretch of the imagination 
to entitle the author to any credit as a historian ; yet 

it is published in a work claiming to give information 
to the public. Brodhead, in his "History of the 
Minisink," says. " li i- difficult to determine the ex- 
act date of the first European settlement in the upper 

valley of the I tela ware. 'I'll a I llnTe ivov white people 

here at an early period, and even before the arrival 
of William 1 Vii n ai Philadelphia, seems non to bi 
generally admitted; but it must be confessed that 

concerning those who inhabited the Mini-ink pre- 
vious to 17i!"> we have little knowledge. It is quite 
Certain that the first tide of immigration iin 

valley thiwed from the direction ol the Hudson, and 

30 down the valleys of the Mamakating and Xever- 

sink, and, entering the Minisink at the Delaware, 
Bowed throughout its bordi i -." 

The best authorities in Ulster and ( (range Counties 
make the prior settlements in and about Port Jervis 
to have begun about 1690. Jacob ('aud.-l.ee and Peter 
(iuiniar|- were the first settlers. The location of their 



• Ddnwara Witoi -Gup, p. -Ti. 

t The da 

3 



settlement was known as the " Upper Neighborhood," 

being in the valley of the X.-vei-ink. at 1'eenpaek, 

now known as Port Clinton, on the Delaware and 
Hudson Canal. Dr. Mills, in hie "Historical Ad- 
dress," -a-.-. "A few year- after the settlement at 
Gumaer's- probably about I7I"> a number of fami- 
lies came into what was subsequently called the 

' Lower Neighborh 1," and located on either side ol 

the Neversink, from what is now named Huguenot 
south to Port Jervis. These families came from 01- 

Sti t I OUnty, and were all Hollanders or of II 

descent, as indicated bj their names, — Cortright, Van 
Auken, Westbrook, Decker, Kuykendal, Westfall, 

< !ole, and Davis." 

We find the same names in the records, and many 
others of Hollandish extraction, extending from the 
settlements named above all along the .New Jersey 
el- ol the Delaware to the Water ( lap. The settle- 
ments from Port Jervis southward were undoubtedly 

made about the same time as those above, or verv 

soon after, as the rich Minisink Hats opened a most 
inviting prospect to immigrants, especially to Hol- 
landers which could not, in the nature of things, 
have remained long unoccupied. In l7.'!o the sur- 
veyor-general, Scull, and his deputy, John Lukens, 
speak of the valley as being quite thickly settled on 

both Bides Of the river from the Water Gap north for 
a distance Of thirty or forty miles, and of their ad- 
miration being excited bj n " grov< of apple-(r< 
exceeding in size any near Philadelphia." This would 

indicate that the settlement must have been made at 
an earlier date than lTl'o. as given by one author. 

or than 1715, as given by others. Fifteen years would 
hardly be sufficient to grow such apple-trees as the 
witnesses describe, even in the rich soil of the Mini- 
sink. Smith, in his " History of New Jersej ." 
that in lT-V, the settlements were more numi rous on 
the Jersej than on the Pennsylvania side of the river, 
and they were probably so from the beginning, and 
made at an earlier date 

We arc of the opinion that both classes of writers 
havi i ired, the one in giving too great an antiquity 
i" the Minisink settlement, and the Other in making 
it of t recent origin. We shall probably find thai 

the truth lies between the two eMreln.-. \\',- ha\e 

positive documentary evidence that there was a con- 
siderable colony of settlers at the Neversink and in 

thi Mmi-ink valley, including both of the Minisink 

Islands, prior to the beginning of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. A voting precinct, with a municipal organiza- 
tion, was laid off there before this date, which implies 
a considerable number of voters; and by an 
the Provincial Assembly of New Y.-rk, passed <>ct. 
L8, 1701, "for the more Regular proceedings in the 
[ ' of Reprea I he " inhabitants of 

r-ink and < Ircat and 

Mini-ink (Islands)" were "empowered to give their 

vote- in the C lty of Ulster." Thus the people of 

Sussex vot.d in Ulster Co., X. Y., not only at that 



26 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



time, but continued to vote there for eight years sub- 
sequently, until, by the passage of an act by the same 
provincial authority, Nov. 12, 1709, their votes were' 
restored to Orange County.* 

This evidence clearly substantiates the fact that 
there were many settlers in the Jersey Minisink pre- 
vious to 1700. And with this agree the researches of 
B. A. Westbrook, Esq., of Montague. We quote 
from an article entitled " Old Minisink," published 
in the New Jersey Herald of June 25, 1879, wherein 
Mr. Westbrook says, — 

"Just prior to the year 1700 many of the Low 
Dutch farmers from Ulster Co., N. Y., together with 
fugitives from the states of Europe, principally from 
France, commenced the establishment of a chain of 
kindred settlements along the Machockemack (Never- 
sink) and Delaware Rivers, extending from Ulster 
County on the north to the Delaware Water Gap at 
the south, and covering a stretch of territory about 
fifty miles in length, and of variable width. 

" The old ' mine road,' extending from iEsopus 
(Kingston) on the Hudson to the Water Gap on the 
Delaware, constructed previously to facilitate mining 
operations at the latter point, had been abandoned as 
part of an unprofitable venture. This road, though 
a failure as to its original purpose, yet proved to be 
of great advantage to the pioneers in settling our 
valley, by furnishing them with convenient access to 
their future homes in the wilderness, and for the first 
hundred years of the history of the settlements referred 
to, as a common thoroughfare, it was instrumental in 
continuing a close relationship with and attachment 
for the parent settlements upon the Hudson River." 

II.— THE OLD DUTCH RECORDS. 
The records of the old Reformed Dutch Churches 
of the Minisink valley furnish us with the names of 
many of the pioneers who settled this region. They 
are the oldest and most valuable records of the valley 
extant; and the descendants of those who first settled 
that portion of Old Sussex, as well as every earnest 
searcher after historic data, have cause to be thankful 
for the learning and piety which made these old rec- 
ords and caused thein to be preserved in the heart of 
a wilderness country. Let it be observed that these 
records, although beginning with the baptisms of 
children in 1716, do not reach back to the beginning 
of the settlements, but only to the period when they 
had acquired sufficient numbers and strength to begin 
tu look after the religious interests of the community, 
and to employ ministers to visit them occasionally 
from the older settlements. Rev. Petrus Vas and 
Rev. Georg Wilhelm Mancius, of Kingston, first vis- 
ited and administered the ordinances to them, from 
1710 loi- about twenty-live years. A brief outline of 
these churches preparatory to some extracts which 
we propose to make from the records, will here lie 
given. 



■ pm t ui' tiii 



In 1737 four churches of the Dutch Reformed faith 
were formed in the Minisink valley, two of which were 
in what is now Sussex County, in ancient Walpack, the 
third at Port Jervis, and the fourth at Lower Smith- 
field, on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware. The 
congregations connected with these churches ex- 
tended from the Neversink, some eight miles above 
Port Jervis, to the Delaware Water Gap, — a distance 
of about fifty miles, including portions of New Jer- 
sey, New York, and Pennsylvania. 

From 1741 to 1756 all these churches were under 
the pastorate of the Rev. Johannes Casparus Fryen- 
moet, a young man who was sent to Holland at the 
age of sixteen to finish his education, receive ordina- 
tion by the Classis of Amsterdam, and return as their 
pastor. He was a native of Switzerland, and had 
been partially educated before coming to this coun- 
try. By an agreement with the people of the several 
congregations, he was furnished with the means to 
return to Holland and prepare himself for the minis- 
try, which he did ; and, being ordained, he returned 
and on June 1, 1741, became the first regular pastor 
of the four churches, each congregation agreeing upon 
his services for one- fourth of the time. The parson- 
age, subsequently built, was at Nomanock, near the 
old fort, in what is now Sandyston, Sussex Co., where 
the ruins of the old cellar still remain. It appears 
from the records that this young man was married 
soon after his return from Holland by Abraham Van 
Campen, Esq., and that he steadily continued in the 
relation of pastor till 1756, and irregularly after that 
till the fall of 1759. During most of this period he 
kept the records of the churches, the Consistories, the 
baptisms, and the marriages in a peculiarly neat and 
finished handwriting. A few years ago they were 
translated from the original Dutch by the Rev. J. B. 
Ten Eyck, late pastor of the Reformed Church of 
Berea, and in 1877 were published in a neat and con- 
veniently-arranged pamphlet by Wm. H. Nearpass, 
Esq., of Port Jervis. We give from these records the 
names of many of the primitive settlers of the Mini- 
sink valley, a considerable part of whose descendants 
are among the worthy and influential citizens of Sus- 
sex and Warren Counties at the present day. They 
were mostly justices of the peace, holding the king's 
commissions, and members of the Consistories of the 
several churches, and of the Joint Consistory which 
usually held its meetings in the old parsonage at No- 
manock. The names are given as they appear in the 
original Dutch, but most of them have since under- 
gone changes conforming them to the English method 
of orthography. 

NAMES OF EARLY SETTLERS OF SUSSEX COUNTY. 

1741.— Jan Kortrecht, Jan van Vliedt, Abraham 
van Campen, William Cool, Johannel Westbroeck, 
Hendrick Kortrecht, Peter Kuikendal, Derrick West- 
broeck, Jacobus Swartwood, William Kortrecht, Sol- 
omon Davids. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT IN SUSSEX AND WARREN. 



"7 



L745. Jacob Westfael, Jan van Campen, Johannes 
Brinck, Johannes Decker, Cornelius Westbroeck, Jan 
v.'in Etten, Abram Bevier, Dirk p en Broeck, Samuel 
Bevier, Cornelius Louw. 

1746-48. — Nicholas Dupui, Lambert Brinck, Sam- 
uel Schammers, Abram Kermers, Moses Dapui, An- 
driii- Dingenman, Ja. Swartwoudt. 

1750. — Benjamin Shoemaker, William Ennes, Ger- 
rit Brinck. 

1761. — Arie Verdenburg, Hendrick Eover, Nich- 
olas Brinck. 

17i)l.- ■•-Alir:mi Middag, Thomas Schoonhoven, Dai - 
iel Roaenkrans. 

1765. -Abram Kittle, Isaac van Campen, Adam 

Dingman, Jacob Dewitt, Philip Wintern t, Jo- 

hannes Dewitt, Earmanus Nimwegen, Abram C. 
\ i ' i.l »avid < tool. 

1785. Jacob R. I »ewitt, I [el mas I tole, Jacob I »i - 
win Gumaer, Elias V. Bunschooten, Thomas Kyte, 
Geysberi Sutfin, Benjamin Fisher, Abraham Dutch) r. 

MARRIAGES. 

We give below a few of the marriages taken from 
the record, covering the years from 1788 to 1797. 
'J'Ik' dates are given from the iir.>t publication of 

Itaiins : 
■■ 1738, Mar h :.. — fohannes Westbroeck, Jr., young man, imrit at 

Nyleucld, t.. Magdalena u.-ti k, young woman, born ul Hurly, un 1 

both dwelling al Ueubuluck; married by Authouj U 
of tli.- peace, the lasl .Ijiy <>r March. 

14 IT:-, Mil. )i 20. — Jan van Kitten,; g man, born al Nybtfleltl, to 

HnrUJo Westfael, young woman, born nl Menhwluck, ami t •< - ■ I < living 

m trrte I by A hi I of the iieace, kpril 13, 

" 17-SJ. — loh. Casparus Fryoi ith.young man, born In Switzerland, 

u,y g w ni, burn at N \ t-.ii.-1-l : married with a 

from Oovornoi Morris, In Ken Jersey, by Justice Abniin van 
Cauupen, the 23d July. 1742. 

'■1742,Ji voung man,hom at Rxcheetcr, dwell- 
ing In mii nl. it. 1. 1, in Bucks County, to Maria Westbr ik.youui womnn, 

al Moulaaluck ; married tit 
by me. 

" 1741, Julj 19 librani HI li tgh, j man, b i 

ran Aukon, young « , burn al Itocheater, both dwelling 

here; married lugust 18, t.t me, J U. Fryoiimuth. 

"iTi::, March 13, Slmuti Wcstfat'l, young man, born in Dutchess 
Ouunty, dwelling in Sniiihit. ■!.!, Bin ki I onnty, to Jan 

• ..in.. I, dwelling ul Meuiatiiiii k ; married the I'lli i I 
laljlisllceol the item 
" 1743, AiiKii-t 21. ■ Jiihu ■ Boguert, born in DntcheM Comity, i ■ 

: ,, ,: I. Iwelllng ..t 

. ni u i. i tin Oili ■! November, .Int.., bj Abraham run An 
ken, Justice >.l tho neat o. 
" 1 . to, Maj IS Swl imoit i ! . it . young man, boi it 

ta Quick, yuimg wuinaii, Ituru at SletschoiHtkouckraud 

both dwelling ul Mulsjlicpekuuck ; married . i U. Vryeumnth, J 

Mb. 

■• 174 i, -luh 21 i. .1. .nun. li. .in .in. y ig in ui. to Caihnriu , Kort- 

recht.j g wnman, both bom nl Rochester, uud bnlli llvltt, 

Grouty, Pe i I.e. Fr; timulli, 

1 obruarj IU Bciduntlii Tl mm, young man, lwru lu Klou*. 

Kuglanilt, t.. Lltabetlt Westluel, young > t orn at Muchui kt b, 

tin. I both dwelllug Ihero; iitiirrlt.il February Dili bj me, I I 
ninth. 
" 1717. Soptembot 1 I Jai ub run Cinipen \ 

I boi Decker, young w an, born al Nlakul u k, U tit living in 

Bucks County; murriud tbo Uth .,i Octobet h) me, .1 '. > • 



" 1748, March 20.— 1 

mech, to Haria Westbroeck, young w an, bom al Ollsford, and built 

■ kpril, ditto, bj 
Mat li. 

"1748, December 11. — BenjamluWi . young man. born 

at Wawnrsslnck, and dwelling al Noun nack, ti I < dl i U Nfael, young 

» in born al Mai bai kenit-ck, and dwelling there ; uiarrle t tbe Mil "f 

January, 1749, by .1. Fryenmoet. 

" 1749, Jauuarj - J leph W. Ibnieck youn( in .. ttWawara- 

slnck.and dwelling at Namena :k,to Llzabetli Kuykondal, young woman, 
bom at Machockemeck, and dwelllt i f Jnna- 

ary by me, J. C. Fryei 

" 1760, January 7.— luiac Hlddngh, young man, born al Menlsrinck, 

tin. I dwelling at Teeahucht, to Femnllje Decker, youug w au, 

,it Meulesinck, and dwelling utShlppeconk; uiunled IhelGth 
ary by me, J. C. Fryenmoet. 

" 1760, July 8.— Anthony van Elten, yttiing man, born at N 
and dwelllug at Nameuack, to Annatje Decker, young wom.iu f bora at 
M.i... kemech, and dwelling Uiore; married the 3d ul August by me, J. 
c. Fryenmoet, est 20. 

"1761, April 11. — lun Kormer, young man, born ut Kingston, and 
dwelling amoiig[ondei | w ..i, . . ! to Llzubeth van Cntnpeu, young ^ man, 
born in Upper Smithfleld, and dwelllug Ihora; married the I'.th of May 
I 0. Fryel -t, ii-t. :;n. 

- 17..J, Kii. limit ■ :>.— At. ml., mi Westbroeck, young man, bora al w.,- 
warssl lick, and dwelling at Kamonack, to Blaudlna R 
woman, boi and dwelling Mm bat kern 

Oth ,.i March by mi . i 0. 1 ryenniot 

" 1762, Dec ber 17.— Pctre<i Kuykeudal, yimngman, bora al Machack- 

• iii. I., hi., I dwelllug there, to Cutlbiriun Klttel, young wnniau, bora at 
YVuwartduk, and dwelllug at Meuliteluck ; married the 12th of Jauuary, 
t. at. 32. 

'• IT.'.j, December 31. — Jacobus Guusales, yonng man, boi u si Mammo- 
kaUng, uud dwelling there, t.. Sarah Wretbroeck, young womuu, burn at 
Nameuack, and dwelling there; murried the 28tk <-( January 
in,-. .1. C. Fryeni -t, sat. 32. 

"1763, Julj ti. — Jama* ltisla, yonng man, bora In N. Jersey, I 

.,T.-.-iiii 1 _r. I i ,.t i: lh dwelling at Heuutduck; 

married the 2ath of August by me, J ot.32. 

" iT'.t, November 1 1.— Daniel van Aken, y ig man, born al Ma.-l.n. k- 

emech, and dwelling there, t.. Lea Klttel, young womuu, burn at \v„. 
wurslnk, and .l». -IIihk al Mel - 

ttif. J. 0. Fry. -in >t, 

"1763, Deccnibei 2. — Jeremlas KitteL young man, ln.ni ut ll-.tli, to 
i , youug woman, bom at Meubnluck, and both dwvllln 
married tho 4th of .Inn nary, IT.vi. by me, J. C l'i\>- oet, 

"1754, February 17.— ThomiiaWellisyuuug man, burn in Philadelphia, 

and dwelll tbelli Duwld.y ^ w an, ltuniul 

r, and dwelllug in Upper Smithfleld; ma I 1 1, ■ I lib ,.r 

March by mo, J. 0. Fryeiiuiot I 

" 1764, Attgii-t 4. — Abram Klltol, v z man, l-.rn Wawarslnk, t,. 

Christina Wlslfnol, young woman, bora ..t Moubalnck, and both dwelling 
tl....... n,a in.. I tho 30lh of ditto by me, J 0. Fryenmoet, act 34 

1 .iiii.i'.v 20,— Alexander Ivory, widowei .■( Uj 

dnk, and both dwelling at Walpeck ; t 
bj me, J. C. 1 



t To ,.t I the reader In and 

the aboi Is, Hi., r.dlowliis la i| 

. lite t vtti ..r vlll.u;.. ..f t 

where Montagon I w situated ; Uie churcti lleubaduck 

church. A number of the parties married ware bora bore, au 
,. residents >-f the plat a, 

lied A in Island In tin D 

old 17. it I. .nit ..n tl.. - in. .in laud, opposite the Islaud, dur ng the Fienvli 

red here -.r ..n II 

.i..' Italian n. in i. • uf Hi. ti 

Delaware, whan * "I Un 



At tlii* date ih- spelling ul the i ic t liungt •. aud su n inalua evei 



23 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



CHAPTER V. 

EAKLT SETTLEMENTS (Continued). 
I.— THE MINISINK COUNTRY. 

The Minisink country, originally so called, com- 
prised a portion of what are now the three States of 
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, and in- 
cluded the soil on both sides of the Delaware River 
from the Water Gap to the Lackawaxen. According 
to Heckewelder, who is regarded as excellent author- 
ity on Delaware Indian names, the term "Minisink" 
signifies "the place or home of the Minsies." It is 
probable, however, that the name was first given to 
the valley or locality where these Indians settled, 
and that they were subsequently called Minsies be- 
cause they lived there. We find the following in 
Eager's " History of Orange County," pages 407 and 
408: 

" The tradition of the Indians in this vicinity at 
the early settlement of the country was that their 
nation lived at Kittatinny (now Blue Mountains), in 
Warren Co., N. J., which means ' chief town ;' that 
at an early period there was a difficulty or disagree- 
ment of some kind in the nation, and the discontented 
portion removed to the other or north side of the 
mountain, upon the lowlands along the Delaware. 
The tradition also was that long ago, and before the 
Delaware River broke through the mountain at the 
Water Gap, these lands, for thirty or forty miles along 
it, were covered by a lake, but became drained by the 
breaking down of that part of the dam which con- 
fined it. When the discontented retired from the 
nation they settled upon the lands from which the 
water had retired, and by the others were called 
' Minsies' because they lived upon the land from 
which the water had gone. The name .in the first 
instance was descriptive of the land from which 'the 
water is gone,' and afterwards was applied to the In- 
dians who lived upon it." 

If this be true, — and there can be little doubt of 
its correctness, — Heckewelder gave only the secondary 
meaning of the word, — that is, the meaning given to 
it by the Indians of his time, — without going back to 
search for its derivative signification in the events 
and circumstances which first led to its use. Scull 
and Lukens, the early surveyors, were both conversant 
with the language of the Lenni Lenapc, and they 
give the meaning of " Minisink" as " the water is 
gone." The editor of Heckewelder's manuscripts 
says, "The upper valley of the Delaware was pre- 
eminently the home of the Minsies (the historic 
Minisink), where they built their towns, planted their 
corn, and kindled their council-fires, and whence they 
set out on the hunt or the war-path. The Minsies, 
Miniseys, or Muncys were the most warlike of their 
people, and proverbially impatient of the white man's 
presence in the Indian country," yet the early settlers 
of the valley managed to live on peaceable terms 



with them till the war broke out, in 1755. The only 
exception we know of was the murder of Wright, at 
Snaketown, Pa., in September, 1727. This was done, 
we are told, by the Minsies, who were the subjects of 
Kindassowa, the chief who " resided at the Forks of 
the Susquehanna." 

The settlers appear to have purchased their lands 
of the Indians and to have insured the safety and 
quiet of the settlements by fair and equitable dealing 
and by according to their red neighbors the privileges 
of hunting and fishing, which were so essential to their 
existence. The titles, however, obtained of the Indians 
were never recognized as valid by any of the colonial 
governments unless afterwards confirmed by grants 
from the proprietors or from the provinces or States 
in which they were located, the principle everywhere 
involved being the right of the State or province, not 
of individuals or private corporations, to the treaty- 
making or land-purchasing power as respects the 
aborigines, who were held by all the European na- 
tions having claims in America as having only a pos- 
sessory right, and no real title in fee simple, to the 
soil. Hence they could make no valid conveyance of 
the soil, no matter if their ancestors had fished and 
hunted and buried the generations of the past upon 
it from time immemorial. Neither their long posses- 
sion, their dearest associations, nor the sacred ashes of 
their fathers were any guarantee against the arbitrary 
and assumed right of civilized nations to deal with 
them as troublesome occupants only, to be got rid of 
on the easiest terms practicable. Hence the whole 
matter of the extinguishment of Indian claims, so 
called, has proceeded upon the assumption that dis- 
covery or conquest gave right to the soil, and that 
the native inhabitants were to be treated as wards or 
subjects, having no rights which the white man was 
bound to respect further than his interest or his cu- 
pidity might dictate. The instances in which justice 
and humanity have ruled in these negotiations have 
been the exceptions, not the rule. It has never been 
sufficiently considered, in dealing with the aborigines 
of this country, how strongly they were attached to 
their old hunting-grounds, burial-places, and the 
scenes of their altars and council-fires. Reverence 
for the graves of their fathers and worship of ancestry 
were parts of their religion. Hence it was peculiarly 
hard for them to be driven away from their posses- 
sions, and it is not to be wondered at that they fre- 
quently shed the blood of those whom they regarded 
as intruders upon their soil. 

" Minisink was the favorite home and the delight of 
the native red man, the river ' Fish Kill' abounding 
in its wealth offish; within its shallow water they 
became an easy prey to his rude traps and methods 
of capture, and upon the Minisink flats, lying be- 
tween Minisink and Namenock Island on the south, 
he was wont to cultivate his patches, and thus pro- 
duce the material for his ' succotash' and other favor- 
ite dishes. Just opposite, upon the Pennsylvania side 



EARLY SETTLEMENTS. 



29 



of the river, on a flat elevated table-land called by 

tin: first Dutch settlers ' Puiv-imw Dill,' almost with- 
in the shadow of the falls of the Eta] mond'e Kill and 
overlooking his cherished possessions, be buried his 
dead and met kindred braves in council from time 
immemorial. 

" From the easy fords of the Minisink, Indian trails 
diverged, — west, beyond 'Pocono,' to the Wyoming 
Valley, along the Susquehanna Eiver; north, by a 
cut aero-, the peninsula of Piki Count \ to tin' mouth 
of the Lackawaxon, on the Delaware; south, through 
Culver's Gap to the ponds and hunting-grounds of 
(ireat Kittatinny Valley, beyond the Shawangunk; 
and northeast, by way of the Delaware River, to 
Machackemack and corresponding valleys. Thus sur- 
rounded with all the facilities essential to savage com- 
fort, with game and fish near at hand and in over- 
flowing abundance, and intercourse with neighboring 
and friendly tribes, it is no wonder that the first set- 
tlers who located in the valley esteemed it almost a 
perfect paradise for the savage Indian. Thus did 
the first wdiite settlers find the natives of this vail. \, 
and of them they obtained the peaceable possession 
of its lands by satisfactory purchase; otherwise, their 
titles were a subject of dispute through the claim of 
tin' proprietors of East Jersey upon the one side, and 
through tin' imposition of the holders of the alleged 
'.Mini-ink patent' upon the other. The Uncertainty 
as to the title only terminated with the action of the 
boundary commission, which established the present 
State line in 1772.* 

II.— MINISINK SETTLEMENT. 

The settlement in Montague township first known 
by this name was located opposite the lower end of 
Great Minisink Island, "fipon the higher portion of 
the Minisink Hat-, and just at the foot of the lime- 
stone ridge on the south running parallel with the 
river and overlooking the surrounding Country. This 
settlement took the name of 'Mini-ink.' A small 
grist-mill was erected upon the stream, which here 
discharges its waters into the Bena Kill, between the 

residences of Daniel 1>. Everitt and Jacob Westbrook, 

Ivsij., the former residence lieinu within the town-hip 
of Montague and the latter in that Of Sandy-Ion. as 
tlii- -I ream here forms the boundary-line between the 

townships for a short distance from the river. Johan- 
nes Westbrook settled upon one side of this stream of 

water, and (Simon?) We. Hall (said to have been his 
son-in-law!) upon the opposite bank, where Mr. 
Everitt now resides. Others settled above, and -till 

others below , the first settlers all placing their dwell- 
ings near the old EsopUS or mine-road. The pl.ee 

until a gen, ration or two back had its country store, 



• Soo " Boundary-Lino OontroYerey," in another chapter. 

t Probably Si Weetluol.aehe vaatheflnl of thai name married who 

liv...i at Mini-i,,k ; he waa united to"JanneUe Woetbroack" 

Kuyi kendal, Justice of the peace,'' April 17, 1713.— fieootrfi .,/ tlmUUk 

I ''en, tA. 



tavern, and blacksmith-shop, and when the old 
Machackemack church \v;is erected to take the place 
of the one destroyed by Brant, at the present village 
of Port Jervis, near Mr. Eli Van Inwegen's residence, 
the contractor was obliged to come here to have man- 
ufactured the nails and fastenings necessary in its 
construction, the present site of that town at the time 
being owned and occupied by two or three small 
farmer-. 

"In 1731, Johannes Westbrook, of Minisink, deeded 
to Anthony Westbrook, Col. Abraham Van Campen, 
GerritVan Campen, John Cortright, Jacob Koyken- 

dal, and Jacob Van Etten a tract of land lying below 
and near his residence for aburying-"r >un 1 ami lor a 
school-house, for the use of all the inhabitant- of 
Minisink."} "In 1737 the principal men along the 
Machackemack (Neversink), from Walpack ami from 

tin lower cud of the valley to the Water Gap, met 

Dominie Mancius, of Kingston, accompanied by his 
/in>ti : t/i'. young Fryenmoet, with the principal men of 
Mini-ink, and together at the latter plat I 

plan 1 and laid the foundations of the lour Low 

Dutch churches of the Delaware and Neversink val- 
leys. . . . The parsonage first used by the Rev. Jo- 
hannes Casparus Fryenmoet. and last by the Rev. 
Cornelius C. Elting before his purchase of a farm at 
Carpenter's Point, occupied a fine elevated plat of 
ground within a -tone's throw of Noinaunck fort, and 
directly above the old road, overlooking the beautiful 
island of that name; which circumstance accounts 
for several of his church papers being dated ' Noma- 
nock.' The parsonage was taken from the farm of 
Cornelius Westbrook, who was sexton and supervisor, 
by appointment of the churches, over the pai 
and church of Minisink, near by."'< 

III.— MINISINK PRECINCT. 

The first municipal organization within the territory 

of Sussex and Warren Counties wa- the "Precinct of 

Mini-ink." claimed as a part of Orange Co., N. V., 

ami erected by the i tonera! Assembly of that province. 

It extended along the Delaware River from Carpen- 
ter'- Point to the lower end of ( Ireat Mini-ink [aland, 
and into the country eastward till it joined the pre- 
cinct of Co-Inn, having it- assessor, clerk, justice of 

the peace, and other local officers. The original tax- 
warrant, levying the proportion of tax assessed upon 
the inhabitant- of this ancient precinct under the 
provincial authority of New York, to he used in 
building the first jail at < loshen, i- -till extant and in 

the possession of Benjamin Van Fleet, of Deerpark, 

N. Y. The warrant i- issued under the seals of the 

justices of the peace of the several precincts of 

c t\ . including among tin- number Anthony West- 
brook, of Minisink. 

We give below the tax-roll, furnished by Mr. Ben- 
jamin Van Fleet, and published in the l'ort Jervis 



-~--i ii .>r Mr John s. Jagger, el 

ik, bq ,..f Montague. 



30 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Gazette. This tax-roll evidently accompanies the 
warrant referred to above, and is especially valuable 
as showing the names of all the inhabitants of the 
territory embraced in the precinct of Minisink in 
1739, as well as the valuation of property. Among 
these names will be recognized the ancestors of many 
of the families in the valleys of the Neversink and 
Delaware. The document is well worthy of publica- 
tion and preservation. Below are the names and also 
the valuation and tax in pounds, shillings, pence, and 
farthing's: 



Taxpayo 



Valuation. 



Samel Swartwnut 3 5 

Willem Codcbek 5 5 

GerardiB Van Nimwege 2 5 

Pietcr Gemaer 5 

Jacobis Swartwout 28 5 

Klaes Westlael 9 10 

Cornells da Duytser 10 15 

Evert Iloiinbeck 11 

Jolianis Wostblook, Junior 13 15 

Anrvi! Docker 20 15 

Barint Jlollin 5 

Pettis Docker 1 10 

Jacob Decker 1 5 

Abraham Van Aken 22 10 

win™ Coni l? 10 

PielerCuykindal 13 5 

Hemlrik Cuvkindal 5 

Do Staet van Ilillitye Conner 10 5 

Jolianis Jacobso Dockor 5 

Jan Van Vliet 11 5 

Jacob West fael 14 15 

David Cooll 5 

Solomon Davis 



Assessment. 

£. s. a. f. 



13 3 

14 S 
17 6 



O.i 



Thomas Porker 

Hondrik Ilendrikse Coitregt.. 



A brahs 



regt.. 



1 10 

1(1 5 
11 10 
6 10 

10 

1 15 
1 10 



11 11 
2 3 
1 11 



i Cuykiudal 

TerinsDavin 

Jacob Bujrert 

Willem Tielsoort 5 10 

Jacobis Decker (i 

Hermanns Van Garden 11 10 

Hendiik Decker 6 5 

Willetll Provoost 15 

Samel Provoost 10 

Jacobis Codebek 1 10 

Jolianis Hoogtyling 2 10 

StifanisTietsoort 12 15 

Liimhart Brink 5 15 

Adries Pecker 3 

Huge Piute 1 10 

Allebert Van Garden 1 

Jacob Meeker, Junior 5 

Dilik Quik 1 5 

Thomas SchoonhoveD 5 

Tsaak Van Aken 22 10 

Pieter Lamerse Brink 10 6 

Uornelis Brink 

Gvsbert Van Gar.lou 10 

Ary Corlregt 8 15 

AntonvWmtbroek 26 5 

Johauis WcBtlael 1 10 

MarvtyoWestfael 12 5 

Jolianis Westbroek IX 

Willem Odrtregt 12 5 

CiiBparis Timber 1 6 

Heudrik Coitregt 2 5 

Abraham Louw 1 



Do nuwe lyst by ons na gehen en in eon Regte form gestelt. 
syn 

JonANis W J< Westrkoek. 

morck 
Jan Van vt eh. 

On a paper corresponding to the above appears the 
following: 

Hendrik Ianso Cortregt '#20 15 £1 10 

AcrtMldag 2 2 

18 4 

On obverse side: 



1 13 7 
1 11 

15 8 



" 8 Septbr 1730 Dan onfangi 
de taks by myn. 



i .J . , 1 1 : 1 1 1 



Decker £1 4 7 overshot va 
" Solomon Davis." 
Which, rendered in English, reads: 

od of Jolianis Decker £14 7 residu 
"Solomon Davis." 



" September 8, 1739, tl 
of the tax, by me. 



" Anthony Westbrook, of M inisink Precinct, County 
of Orange and Province of New York," lived in what 
is now Montague, Sussex Co., N. J., just opposite 
Milford, in Pennsylvania, and, together with Peter 
Lambertus Brinck, owned the Jersey flats adjoining, 
and a large tract of land extending from the flats 
towards the mountains. Here he lived and died, and 
was buried in the Minisink burying-ground. Accord- 
ing to the returns indorsed upon the said warrant, the 
inhabitants of New Jersey residing upon the Delaware 
in the present county of Sussex contributed towards 
the erection of the original jail at Goshen the sum of 
twenty-nine pounds New York currency. The return 
is dated June 30, 1739." 

IV.— SETTLEMENTS IN OTHER PARTS OF SUSSEX 
AND WARREN. 

Our purpose is to give under this head a brief sum- 
mary of the first settlements in Sussex and Warren 
Counties outside of the Minisink valley. 

While the latter portion of our territory was being 
peopled, as we have described, immigrants were com- 
ing in to the southward from quite a different direction. 
Lands were patented and settled near Phillipsburgby 
Messrs. Lane and Morrill, from Ireland, about the be- 
ginning of the eighteenth century. In 1735 three 
brothers named Green settled in that part of old 
Greenwich now known as Oxford township. They 
were soon followed by the McKees, McMurtrys, 
McCrackens, Axfords, Robesons, Shippins, Ander- 
sons, Kennedys, Stewarts, Loders, Hulls, Brands, 
Bowlbys, Swayzes, Scotts, Shackletons, and Arm- 
strongs, all of whom were Scotch-Irish Presbyte- 
rians, with the exception of Robeson, the Greens, 
and possibly one or two others. Here, as a conse- 
quence of this unanimity of religious faith and nation- 
ality, the first Presbyterian church in the two coun- 
ties was erected, in 1744, following the old Dutch 
Reformed churches of the Minisink within a very 
few years of their date. It may be mentioned in this 
general chapter that the first pastor of the Presby- 
terian Church of Greenwich was Rev. James Camp- 
bell, and that he was followed by David Brainerd, the 
celebrated missionary to the Indians, whose labors 
called him frequently into the vicinity. He lived for 
some time at the " Irish settlement" in Pennsylvania, 
now known as Lower Mount Bethel, about five miles 
from Belvidcre, where the site of his ancient cabin is 
still pointed out to the curious traveler. In speaking 
of Brainerd it may be well to notice a singular mis- 
take made by Rev. Peter Kanouse in his " Historical 
Sermon." Hcspeaks of the Neversink "emptying 
into the Delaware and constituting what in D. Brain- 



EARLY SFTTLFM KYI'S 



31 



ard'a time was called 'The Forks of the Delaware,' 
and where waa the field of his labors in an Indian set- 
tlement named Shakhawotung, now known us Carpen- 
ter's Point." [t is well known that "the Forks of the 

Delaware," where Braincnl had liis chid' minion, waa 

at Bast the forks being formed by the Delaware 

and the Lehigh, which fi a confluence at that 

point. "Shakhawotung," the name of the In. linn 
town, signifies " where a sinalliT stream duplies i ■ ■ t • > 

I hi or the iillllel," almhiul: l.riiej lie ■_: • ■ 1 1 . i.il 

Delaware won] for "the month of a river."* 

"The first furnace for the manufacture of iron in 
Sussex County was erected by Jonathan Robeson, in 

the then township of Greenwich. It was imen I 

in 1741. but iron was not run till March 9, 1748. lie 
called this ' Oxford Furnace,' in compliment to An- 
drew Robeson, his father, who had been Bent to Eng- 
land ami educated in Oxford University. From this 

furnace the town oft Ixford- -which was fori I twenty 

years afterwards— took its name. Jonathan Robeson 

was one of the first judges of Sussex Comity. His 
father and grandfather both wore the ermine before 
him in Pennsylvania, while his -on, grand- in, and 

great-grandson, each in his turn, occupied seats on 
the judicial bench. William I'. Robeson, of Warren 
County, was the sixth judge in regular de-cent from 
hi- ancestor, Andrew liolieson, who came to America 
with William 1'enn and was a member of G ivernoi 
Marl, ham's Privy Council. In this country, where 
the accident of birth confers no special righi to sta- 
tions Of honor, and where ability and bonesty are 

oi ought to be the only passports to public distinc- 
tion, this remarkable si ission of offices in one 

family affords a rare example of hereditary merit, 

and is, so far as we know, without a parallel in our 

judicial annals." 

Another of the lir-t -etilcnients ill Sussex and War- 
ren was made b_\ members of the Society of Friends 
in that pari of ancient I lard wick called "the Quaker 
settlement." The pioneers in this locality came from 

Maiden Creek (now UtleborOUgh), Pa., 1 from 

Crosswicks, V J., from 1785 to 1740. They were 
the Wil-ons, Lundys, and others, ami must be Bet 
down as among the very first settlers of ancient Sard- 
wick. The settlers here were so few iii number that 

when the first frame hoii-e in the settlement was 

erected they were obliged to secure help from lime 
terdon County. The heavy timbers then put into 
franc, required a greater force to lifl them to their 

place than is needed ill raising modern frame struc- 
tures, and this may account for the fact th it this lir-t 

frame building erected in the settlement stood the 

blasts of more than a century and a half without 

Inning been seriously impaired. 

The deed for the ground on which the Friends' 
meeting-house in this place waa built was given by 

I I'enu, a grandson Of William IVuii. in 1752, 
• Sea Heckewcl lei 



• us to the erection ■ifa mill iii this neighbor- 

h 1 the people took their grain to Kingw 1, in 

Hunterdon County, to be ground. 

Mr. Kd-all, from reliable data furnished him. ha- 

-mimed up the settlements in other portions of Sus- 
sex and Warren as follows ; 

" 111 that part of ancient Newton known as Vernon 
township there were some early -etl lenient-, princi- 
pally consisting Of those Who had lir-t tried their for- 
tunes in Orange County. Oni Joseph Perry, who 
had prepared for the erection of a house there about 

the year 1740, could not raise the timbers without 

procuring help from New Windsor. Col. De Kay 

settled in New York, upon th Ige of this township, 

in 1711 : some of his lands, which he then held under 
a Nefl York patent, now lie this side the hoiindary- 

line. Tin- McComlys, Campbells, Edsalls, Winan-. 

llynard-, S'mionsons, etc., did not come in until ju-t 

before the Revolution, at which period a considerable 

amount of population had spread not "illy over Ver- 
non, hut throughout Hardyston. Joseph Sharp. — 
the lather, I believe, of the late veiieralde Joseph 

sharp, of Vernon, — who had obtained a proprietary 
right to a large body of land stretching from Decker- 
town to the -oiirces of the Wallkill, came from Salem 

( lounty a few j ears before the Revolution ami i 
a furnace and forge about one mile south oi' Ham- 
burgh, which were known for some years a- tie 
' Sharpsborough Iron-Work-.' This was the - 
furnace erected in Sussex County, sharp lost a great 
deal from this enterprise ; ami, particularly from the 

annoyance which he met with from the -herilf of the 

county,— who, under certain circumstances, is well 
known to he a most unwelcome visitor, he aban- 
doned the works."! Robert Ogden removed fr 

Kli/ahethtow n and settled ill Vernon in lTlloor 1766. 
lie was long one of the judges of tin- courts of the 
county, and one of its ino-t prominent and patriotic 
citizens. Thr f his Bona fought in the war for in- 
dependence, ami one 'I. Laron ' Igden - 

■ imanded the honored regiment known as Qen. 

Washington's Life-( luard. 

•• Peter Deckel built the tir-t house in Deckertown, 
in 1784. lie was tho son of John Decker, of Mini- 
sink, and was among the earliest of the pioneers who 

crossed tin' mountains ami founded the township "f 
Wantage, lie was a man of enterprise and energy, 

and -• rved hi- country for many year- a- a uui. i 

The early settler* upon the land- -oiithea-t of the 

Mini-ink Mountain and west of the Wallkill, in the 

section now known a- Wantage, were regarded as of 

close kin to the inhabitants of Mini-ink. Their nam. - 
are identical with tho f the Delaware and N 

sink borders, and they unquestionably, by kindred 

and association, constituted one community, i 

th.- earliest settlements east of the Bine Mountains 



ipemtloni In mlulng «t ilii- ntn i «lll It 

foiiD I deKribed andn the liMd "I u»' tu« u»Ulp bbturiea. 



32 



SUSSEX AND WARREN. COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



was in the Popakating valley, and was made by 
Messrs. Colt, Price, and Gustin, who were originally 
from New England. Many of this class of emigrants, 
in their progress westward from the land of the Puri- 
tans, had first settled upon Long Island, but, hoping 
to better their condition, they removed to Orange Co., 
N. Y., and Bergen, Somerset, Hunterdon, and other 
counties in New Jersey. About the year 1700 a great 
many of the settlers on Long Island removed to the 
places indicated, because the land was cheaper and 
better than that which they tilled upon the island. 
Hunterdon and Orange were the favorite counties of 
this class of immigrants ; in these they established 
homes, but their own cosmopolitan disposition was 
transmitted to their children, who in their turn 
plunged also into the wilderness, and, entering Sus- 
sex at her northern and southern extremities, ex- 
plored the various rivulets to their sources, and upon 
the lands drained alike by the tributaries of the Hud- 
son and the Delaware kin met with kin in the heart 
of the county, and their blood, separated for from fifty 
to seventy years, again commingled. Of this class 
were the Greens, Hunts, Blackwells, Blanes, Browns, 
Brokaws, Howells, Hopkins, Beegles, Townsends, 
Stileses, Ketchams, Collards, Millses, Havens, Trus- 
dells, Moores, Hills, Dentons, Cases, Knapps, Coes, 
Smiths, Johnsons, Pettits, Wallings, and others. 
Many of these settlers were not far behind those of 
Minisink in the date of their advent into the county. 
" From the year 1740 to the close of the Revolu- 
tion there was a considerable immigration of Ger- 
mans. Among the first of this class were John 
Bernhardt and Casper Shafer, his son-in-law. They 
had purchased lands where Stillwater village now is, 
of persons in Philadelphia, and in the year 1742, by 
the Delaware and the valley of the Paulinskill, they 
journeyed to their destination and took possession of 
the tracts indicated by their title-deeds. They were 
followed in a few years by the Wintermutes, the Sno- 
vers, Swartswelders, Staleys, Merkels, Schmucks, 
Snooks, Mains, Couses, and a large number of other 
Germans, who settled principally in the valley of the 
Paulinskill, although a portion branched off in other 
directions. Mr. Bernhardt lived only a few years after 
his arrival. He died in 1748, and was the first per- 
son buried in the cemetery of the old German church, 
the cemetery having been used before the church was 
built, which was not erected till 1771. In the be- 
ginning of his life in the backwoods, Mr. Shafer found 
it necessary to cross the Pahaqualin Mountain to get 
his grist ground ; the mode adopted was that of lead- 
ing a horse along an Indian trail, upon whose back 
the bag of grain was borne. This inconvenience sug- 
gested to him the expedient of constructing a mill 
upon his own property, which he did in the following 
primitive manner : First, he built a low dam of cobble- 
stones, filled in with gravel, across the kill, to create 
a water-power; he then drove piles into the ground, 
forming a foundation for his building to rest upon; 



then upon these he built a small frame or log mill- 
house, furnishing it with one small run of stones and 
other equally simple and primitive machinery. His 
mill, being thus furnished and put in operation, was 
capable of grinding about five bushels a day ; yet it 
was a great convenience and was resorted to from far 
and near. ' In a few years he built a better mill and 
commenced shipping flour to Philadelphia,' loading- 
it on a fiat-boat and running it down the Paulinskill 
and the Delaware to its place of destination. ' Mr. 
Shafer was the first man in this region to open a 
business intercourse with Elizabethtown ; he heard 
from the Indians in his vicinity that there was a large 
place far away to the southeast which they called 
" Tespatone," and he determined to ascertain the truth 
of this assertion. He traveled over mountains and 
through bogs and forests, and after a rough journey 
of some fifty miles he arrived at the veritable " Old 
Borough." He opened a traffic in a moderate way at 
this time, and thus laid the foundation of that profit- 
able intercourse between the southeastern towns and 
cities and Northern New Jersey which has augmented 
from that time to the present, and almost entirely ex- 
cluded Philadelphia from participation in the trade 
of this section of the State.' 

" Robert Paterson was the first settler at Belvidere, 
according to the ' Historical Collections,' about the 
year 1755. 'Shortly after, a block-house was erected 
on the north side of the Pequest, some thirty or forty 
yards east of the toll-house of the Belvidere Delaware 
bridge. Some time previous to the Revolutionary war 
a battle was fought on the Pennsylvania side of the 
river between a band of Indians who came from the 
north and the Delawares residing on the Jersey side.' 
The name ' Belvidere' was given to the village by 
Maj. Robert Hoops because of the beauty of its situa- 
tion. It was made the county-seat of Warren County 
when the latter was set off from Sussex, in 1824.* 

" Henry Hairlocker, a Hollander, about the year 
1750, settled near the present site of Newton. It was 
then a wilderness, there being not another cabin for 
miles around. 

"The Greens, Armstrongs, Pettits, Van Horns, 
Simes, Hazens, Dyers, Cooks, Shaws, and others, 
settled in and around the present village of Jolm- 
sonsburg, formerly called the ' Log Jail,' where the 
county-seat of Sussex County was first located and the 
first jail built. 

" In 1769 the Moravian Brethren, from Bethlehem, 
Pa., purchased fifteen hundred acres of land of 
Samuel Green for the sum of five hundred and sixty- 
three pounds, or about two thousand five hundred 
dollars, and founded the village of Hope. This 
Samuel Green was a deputy surveyor for the West 
Jersey proprietors, and owned several tracts of land 
in ancient Hardvvick and Greenwich. The Mora- 
vians remained at Hope some thirty-five years, when 

* See history of Belvidere, in tliia work. 



FRENCH AND INDIAN \V A It, 1755. 



33 



they commenced selling tlioir property ami returned 
to liethlehem. Sampson Howell, who settled at tin- 
foot of the Jenny Jump Mountain, near Sope, a year 
or two before the Moravians arrived, erected a saw- 
mill ami supplied tin- lumber for the construction of 
the vi-ry substantial buildings erected by the Dinted 
Brel bren." 

We have thus glanced in a brief ami general man- 
ner at the fir-l settlements in the principal pari-..!' 
Sussex and Warren Counties. They were made for 
the most part within a period of about fifty years, em- 
bracing the first half of the eighteenth century, — that 
is, by the year 1 750 permanent settlements bad been 
made in most of the important parts of the two coun- 
ties. When Morris County was set off, in 1733, North- 
ern New Jersey began to attract attention. It was 
then ascertained that, although this section bad at a 
remote period evidently been a favorite resilience of 
the Indians, most of them had departed ami occupied 

hunting-grounds farther to the north and west. 
Little danger was therefore to be apprehended from 

the red men by those who settled in the central por- 
tions of the territory; for, even if they should be- 
come hostile, the line of settlements on the Delaware 
from the Musconetcong to the Neversink would be 
most apt to bear the brunt. Hence immigrants 
flowed in, and by L750 they had heeome so numerous, 
ami bad experienced so much inconvenience from 
being compelled to go to Morristown to attend to 
public business, that they very generally petitioned 
the Provincial Assembly to "divide the county" and 

allow them " the liberty of building a COUlt-hoUSe 

ami gaol," This request was granted, resulting in 
the erection and organization of Sussex County in 

17."i.'?.* As to the nationalities ( StitUting the base 

of population, Mr. Edsall made as complete a list as 
practicable from the public records for the first six 
years of i be existence of the county. " This list con- 
tains four hundred and two names, of which those in- 
dicating an English and Scotch origin are the most 
numerous; those pertaining to Holland and Ger- 
many Follow next, and the residue arc derived from 
Prance, Ireland, Wales, and Norway." 

One thing which stood very much in the way of 
the prosperity of the early settler- was the appropria- 
tion by the proprietor* <>f many portions ,,(' the best 
land in the COUnty. As early as 1 7 I ■ "> . when as yet 

but two or three points in the wide territory had 

been settled, the sagacious proprietors of West Jersey, 
foreseeing that these lamb would ultimately become 

very valuable, sent their surveyors, who penetrated 
the heart of the country, establishing "butts ami 

bounds" of many of the most desirable tract-, | 

others, William I'eiin 1. .cited three tracts of land, 

containing tea thousand or twelve thousand acres, in 

and around the vicinity of Newton. "In this way 
the best 1, .cations were generally entered before any 

• Seo etiuntor on organization, court*, etc. 



immigrants had arrived in the central portions of the 

county, and they had to cultivate the Boil, when they 

did come, as tenants or trespassers." 



' II \ I'TER VI. 



FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, 1755. 
I.— CAUSES OF THE DISTURBANCE. 
Tin: border troubles begun by the Indians in 1765 

were not induce,! in retaliation tor :nn injustice done 

them by the people of New Jersey. The citizens of 
this province had never shed the blood of any of their 
race, nor had they cheated them out of any of their 

land-. Why. then, were they obliged to defend them- 
selves by a line of forts along the whole frontier of 
Susses ami Warren Counties, and to call out their 
militia to protect the settlements from the m< 
tomahawk and scalpiiig-knife ? Why was the border 
ie of savage attack and massacre from 17-V. to 
17">N, inclusive? The causes which led to this lay 

entirely beyond the bounds of Sussex and Warren 

Counties, and even of New Jersey, and were induced 
by agencies over which the people of the province 
bad no control. In the tir*t place, it was a period 
when England and France were at war, and when 
their respective colonies in North America bad se- 
cured the alliance of the various Indian tribes of the 

country, on one side Or tl ther. in the great 

then pending, and which was decided a I'vw years 
after by the downfall of Canada and the surrender of 
all the French possessions in North America to the 
English. The Iroquois, or Six Nations, of New York, 

— the hereditary enemies of the Delaware and Sus- 

qnehanna Indians, — were the firm allies of the Eng- 
lish and the most powerful agents in turuiicj the 

scale against their French adversaries. At this time 
the French were largely in possession of the great 

water-basins of the interior of the country accessible 
by the St. Lawrence and the great chain of Western 
lake- and rivers, and had forts extending from Que- 
bec to Mobile Bay, and their agent-, trailers, and mis- 
sionaries were widely disseminated among the Indians 
of all that region id' country. Lake t'haiuplain, Ni- 
agara, ami Pittsburgh were at that time the nearest 
points to \cu Ji raey fortified by the French, but her 
frontier was ace, jsible by o few days' march along the 
great trails hading to the Susquehanna and Delaware 
Rivers. These avenues were then peculiarly exposed, 
as the Iroquois were lighting for the English in other 
ii the country. There can be no doubt that the 

Indian- who raided upon these borders during the 

French war were French allies, and that they were 

incited, and even sometimes led, to their work of 
pillage and slaughter by French agents and military 

officers. 

Moreover, there was a local Cause which embittered 



34 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



the strife. The agents of William Perm had procured 
the lands of the Minsies in the Pennsylvania portion 
of the Minisink valley by what has been known as 
the famous " walking purchase" of 1737.* From the 
time of this transaction the discontent of the Indians 
seemed manifest, and distrust and jealousy took the 
place of the confidence and friendship which had 
hitherto characterized their intercourse with the 
whites. For eighteen years, until 1755, they smoth- 
ered their resentment at the wrong and perfidy which 
had deprived them of their fairest possessions; and at 
last, driven to desperation, they resolved, under Tee- 
dyuscung, the king of the tribe, to reclaim by force 
what had been taken from them by fraud and treach- 
ery. Had none but the guilty suffered in the storm of 
blood and carnage which swept over the valley dur- 
ing those terrible years of war, we might now derive 
a melancholy satisfaction from the belief that the 
tomahawk of avenging justice had done its work well. 
But scores of innocent settlers who had acquired their 
lands by honest purchase, and who had never wronged 
the Indians, were also compelled to suffer, as the in- 
discriminate vengeance of the savage in the height of 
his fury seldom pauses to judge between friend and 
enemy so long as the scalp to be taken belongs to the 
pale-face and brings him prestige and profit in war. 
The troubles at first were confined to the Pennsyl- 
vania side of the valley, but New Jersey was also des- 
tined to feel somewhat the shock of the conflict. 

n.— THE VAN CAMPEN AND BELCHER CORRESPOND- 
ENCE. 
Jonathan Belcher was then His Majesty's Governor 
of the province, and he was duly advised of the threat- 
ening aspect of affairs by Col. Abraham Van Cam pen, 
of Walpack. On Nov. 11, 1755, the Governor sent 
Col. Van Campen the following instructions : 

" Sir, — I just now received your good tetter of the 7th inst., as I hope 
you have before now my order of the 6th of the same month. I will 
approve of what you propose, of marching with your regiment into the 
next Province, in order to meet and repel the enemy before they enter 
into the Jerseys. In this matter I desire yon to be very vigilent and 
dilligent in giving me notice of all your proceedings, and per express if 
necessary. 

" I am, Sir, Your Assured Friend, 

" J. Belcher. 
"Elizabeth Town, Nov. 11, 1755. 
" Cot-. Van Campen." 

One day later the Governor wrote to Col. Van 
Campen : 

"Sir, — Since I sent you my order for a speedy muster of your Regiment 
I have received repeated accounts of the approach of the savage French 
and Indiana to the borders of Pennsylvania and to those of this province, 
committing the moBt barbarous outrages on His Majesty's good subjects, 
in slaughter, blood, and fire, wherever they come. 



* See the relations of Thomas Fumiss and Joseph Knowlos " Concern- 
ing the walk made between the Proprietors of Pennsylvania and the 
Delaware Indians by James Yates and Edward Marshall," in " An En- 
quiry into the Causes of the Alienation of the Delaware and Shawaneso 
Indians from the British Interest." Written by Charles Thomson, the 
American patriot, who in 1774 was elected secretary to Congress, and 
whose laBt literary work was a translation of tho Septuagint, which was 
published in four volumes In 180J. 



" These are therefore to command you, in His Majesty's name, to have 
your regiment in best readiness to march to tho borders of this Province, 
or that of Pennsylvania, upon the most sudden notice of distress by the 
enemy, for the aid and relief of His Majesty's subjects. I shall not 
doubt the good courage and spirit of yourself, the officers and men of 
your Regiment, to proceed where it shall be necessary, and would have 
you publish this order at the head of your regiment upon their muster. 

"Given under my hand and Seal of Arms at the Borough of Elizabeth, 
this 12th day of November, iu the twenty-ninth year of His Majesty's 
reign, Anno Domini, 1755. 

"J. Belcher. 

"To Coll. Van Campen." 

In reply to Col. Van Campen's report of the 17th 
of the same month, the Governor wrote as follows: 

" Sir,— I have duly received yours of the 17th of this month, and am 
well pleased with your dilligence in giving me information how things 
are circumstanced in tile county of Sussex with respect to the enemy, 
etc. 1 have given notice to the several colonels to muster their regi- 
ments and repel the enemy over in Pennsylvania Province, and so to 
prevent their passing the river Delaware, and which I think would he 
better than to let them enter on the frontiers of tins Province. I pray 
Almighty God to have you and your people iu his good protection, and 

"Sir, Your Assured Friend, 



Town, Nov. 24, 1755. 
" Coll. Van Campen." 

III.— DEFENSIVE MEASURES ADOPTED. 

On the 27th of December the Legislature passed an 
act authorizing the erection of four block-houses at 
suitable distances from one another on the Delaware 
River, in the county of Sussex. The persons ap- 
pointed to superintend their erection were John Ste- 
vens and John Johnson, Esqs., who had "volunta- 
rily offered themselves for that service gratis." The 
act ordered the enlistment of two hundred and fifty 
men "to garrison said block -houses, and provided for 
the issuing of bills of credit to the amount of ten 
thousand pounds to pay the expenses of protecting the 
frontiers. Jonathan Hampton was appointed com- 
missioner of supplies for the troops, and John Weth- 
erill commissary and paymaster. These troops were 
to serve one month and until their places could be 
supplied by others. To encourage enlistments, ex- 
emptions from arrest upon civil processes for debts of 
less than fifteen pounds, as well as the protection of 
property from execution, was guaranteed. The pay 
of the soldiers, too, was increased beyond the ordi- 
nary average, being for the commander-in-chief of a 
block-house six shillings per day; captain, four shil- 
lings ; lieutenant, three shillings ; sergeant, corporal, 
and drummer, two shillings sixpence each; private, 
two shillings per man. 

These block-houses were erected and numbered 
from 1 to 4, and are sometimes referred to by their 
numbers in the early documents. They were also gar- 
risoned as speedily as practicable ; yet the Indians 
continued to make incursions into the settlements, 
often forming ambuscades so near the forts that par- 
ties going out hunting were surprised and killed. In 
view of several occurrences of this kind, it became 
necessary to issue an order that the officers and sol- 
diers should keep within their garrisons. In times of 



FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, 1755. 



:;:, 



general alarm whole neighborhoods would retreat 
within the inclosurea for safety. 

IV.— INDIAN INCURSIONS AND MURDERS. 
The [ndians would sometimes elnde the vigilance 
of these garrisons, gel into the interior, and there per- 
petrate their bloody work. Such was the ease when 
ill. penetrated into Hardwick, the ray hearl of the 
county, and captured the Hunts and Swartwout. 
Prom the different accounts given of this tragical af- 
fair we condense the following statement : A party of 
five Indians who had formerlj resided in the neigh- 

l».i! I, lint had removed to Pennsylvania, deter- 
mined i" capture three men, — Richard Hunt, Marker, 
ami Swartwout, — having become disaffected towards 
them because of the part they had taken in the colo- 
nial service. They accordingly crossed the Delaware 
near ulnae Dingman's bridge now is, and in the even- 
ing reached the 1":-' house of Richard Hunt, having 

traveled about fifteen miles on the Jersey side of the 
river. Richard Hunt was absent from home, and the 
only occupants of the house at the time were Thomas 
Hunt, a y on Hirer In-other, and a neirrn servant. The 

latter was engaged in amusing himself and hi- com- 
panion by playing on a violin, when their entertain- 
ment was suddenly interrupted by the appearance of 
the Indian-. Quick as thought the boys sprang to the 
door and closed and bolted it. Their fun was at an 

end. and the neirro, in his terror, "threw his fiddle 
into the lire and awaited in trembling stispensi the 
result of the unwelcome visit." The Indian- disap 
peared and were -join- about an hour, when they re- 
turned. It was discovered, by their footprints in a 
newly-plowed piece of ground, thai during their 
absence they had reconnoitred the house of Mr. 1'il- 
iline, where Richard Hunt happened to be at the 
time, Km 1 1 1 1 \ evidently dared not make an attack at 
that place. Returning to Hunt's house, they n 
movement to set ii on fire, threatening to burn the 

inmates alive if they did not surrender. The boys 

yielded, and were forced to accompany the savages, 
who proceeded towards the Delaware by the waj of 

the southerly end of Great Pond, and s came to 

the house of Swartwout, who lived on the tract now 
occupied bj the village of New Paterson. Mrs, 
Swartwout, Boon after their approach to the house, 
without a thought of danger, went out to tin- milk- 
bouse, ami was instantly -hot down. They then at- 
tempted to enter tin- house, but Swartwout seized Ins 
rifle and held them in cheek, finally In- agreed to 

lii- if they would spare his life and the lives of 

hi- -on and daughter. Thej consented to this propo- 
sition, hut they either themselves violated their 

pledge or, what was Worse, procured a white man to 
do it, for Swartwout was murdered, and a man named 

Springer was arrested, convicted, and hung tor the 
tnurder. We -hall give the details of the trial and 

execution farther on ; meantime, we proceed with our 
narrative. 



Swartwout'- two children were taken to an Indian 

town on tin- Susquehanna, while Hunt and the negro 
were conveyed to Canada. " Hunt was -old by his 
captor- to a French military officer, and accompanied 

him as his servant. Hi- mother, anxious for hi- de- 
liverance if ali\e. attended tin general conference at 
Gaston, in October, 1758, where a treaty was made 

with the Sis Nations, and, finding a Bavage there who 
knew her Son, she nave him sixty | ids to procure 

hi- freedom and return him to hi- friend-. This 
proved money wasted. Hunt was soon after lib 
under that provision of ihe treaty of Easton which 
mad. a restoration of prisoners obligatory upon the 

Indian-, and leached home in 1759, after a servi- 
lu. le of three year- and nine months. Swartwoiit's 
children must have been freed about a year after their 
capture, for we find his Bon in New Jersey in 1757, 

active iii causing the arrest Of a white man named 

Benjamin Springer, whom he charged with being the 

murderer of his father. 

Sprinirer was arrested and confined in the jail of 
Essex County. An act was passed by the Assembly 
of New Jersey on Oct. 22, 1757, authorizing his trial 
placi in the county of Morris, "because the 
Indian disturbances in Sussex rendered it difficult, if 
not dangerous, to hold a Court of Oyer ami Terminer 
there." The act also ordered thai the expenses of the 
prosecution should he borne by tin- province. "Pur- 
-naiii to this act," says Allison, "Sprinirer, on tin- 
positive testimony of SwartWOUt's son and the contra- 
dictions in tin- prisoner's own story, after a full and 
fair hearing, at which an eminent councilor attended 
in he behali was convicted to the .-ati'iu n of 
most all present, and was executed in Morris. II. 

declared himself in lent of the crime, and on the 

return of Thomas Hunt ami a negro who had been 

taken a (rw miles distant by the -ame party that cap- 
tivated Swartwoiit's family with which parly il was 

proved at the trial Springer was, and that he killed 
Swartwout . it appearing by their declarations that 

they did not Bee Sprinirer unlil they got to the Indian 

town, - e inclined to believe thai he might not have 

been guilty. Thus the question Beemed obscured. It. 
i-, however, agreed that his trial was deliberate and 

impartial, and many still think that his life wa- for- 
feited to the laws of hi- country." 

Sprinirer declared on the sealfohl that Thomas Hunt 
km-w hi in to he innocent, a ml hi- parent-, after Hunt's 

return, cam i from Virginia to learn if their son 

was really guilty. "Hunt assured them, as he did 

every One else to the mid of hi- day-, that I 0U- 

him innocent, Hedid not Bee Springer until 

In- arrived at the Susquehanna flats, where he found 

him, like himself, a- he believed, a prisoner. Neither 

did he see Swartwout murdered, hut lie wa- confident 
that the deed was done alioiit one mile northwest 
from hi- own house; In- and the QegTO at the lime 

. - Un," p. 21 . 



36 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



were guarded by two Indians, the others being busy 
not a great way off dispatching Swartwout. He 
heard his cries, — heard him beg for his life and 
promise to go with them peaceably if they would spare 
him. He was an athletic, resolute man and the In- 
dians were afraid of him, and therefore, as Hunt 
always declared, murdered him. They tied him to a 
tree, tomahawked him, and left his body to the wolves 
and birds of prey." The Indians doubtless murdered 
him to gratify an old grudge: putting him out of the 
way was the surest revenge, as well as an indemnity 
against any personal violence which they might have 
apprehended from him, and the danger of the arrest 
of the party by the scouts from some one of the block- 
houses. 

During these troubles with the Indians the courts 
of Sussex County were held at Wolverton's, in Hard- 
wick. In February, 1756, the grand jury appeared, 
but were not sworn, "by reason," as the record says, 
"of troublesome times with the Indians." The term 
of May, 1756, found the condition of affairs in the 
county equally alarming, and the "Grand Inquest" 
was again dispensed with. 

V.— PRECAUTIONS AND ADVENTURES OF FRONTIER 
SETTLERS. 

Upon the first breaking out of hostilities, in 1755, 
most of the settlers upon the southeastern and north- 
western slopes of the Blue Mountains fortified their 
houses by building stockades around them ; Casper 
Shafer, in Stillwater valley, was one who took this pre- 
caution. There were at that time a few Indians living 
in the neighborhood, and, though not previously hos- 
tile, it was not known that their conduct would con- 
tinue to be pacific. At Mr. Shafer's house it was 
common for the neighbors to assemble upon each 
recurring alarm. One night, however, when Mr. 
Shafer was alone, the Indians showed signs of hos- 
tility by yelling around his house and threatening 
violence. He thereupon fastened up the house and 
started across the fields to procure assistance from his 
neighbors. " Soon he found himself hotly pursued 
by one of the enemy, and likely to be overtaken; 
whereupon he turned upon his pursuer, and, being an 
athletic man, he seized, threw, and with his garters 
bound him hand and foot, leaving him prostrate, while 
he went on his way and procured the desired assistance. 
Mr. Depue, in Walpack, had also a narrow escape 
from the tomahawk and scalping-knife. A party of 
Indians broke into his house at midnight with mur- 
derous intent, and he, being aroused from slumber, 
seized his loaded gun and leveled it at the foremost 
aggressor, who, realizing his danger, uttered the pecu- 
liar Indian 'Ughl' dodged away, and fled. So acted 
the next, and another, and another; and thus, with- 
out firing his gun, he succeeded in driving the whole 
gang from his dwelling." 



VI.— MILITARY ORGANIZATION— FIGHTING THE IN- 
DIANS. 

On June 3, 1757, the General Assembly of New 
Jersey, after reciting that " the savage Indian enemy 
have lately perpetrated cruel murders on the frontiers 
of this colony, and the inhabitants there have, by 
their petitions, set forth their distresses and suplicated 
a number of troops for their assistance and protec- 
tion," enacted that one hundred and twenty men be 
immediately raised, with the proper number of offi- 
cers ; that Jonathan Hampton be appointed paymas- 
ter and victualer for the company, and that he pro- 
vide and allow each officer and soldier the following 
provisions every week, — viz., " seven pounds of Bread, 
seven pounds of Beef, or, in lieu thereof, four pounds 
of Pork, six ounces of Butter, three pints of Peas, and 
half a pound of Rice." As tea, coffee, and sugar were 
luxuries in those days, they were not provided in the 
rations. All prisoners for debt were to be released, 
because they might " in this time of common danger 
suffer for want of persons to look after them." The 
act, however, allowed the sheriff to reincarcerate them 
after six months of liberty. 

In 1758, when the frontier was supposed to be well 
protected, the family of Nicholas Cole, of Walpack, 
was attacked by Indians, most of them murdered, and 
the rest carried into captivity. Several other murders 
were committed, and the people again petitioned the 
Legislature for further protection and defense against 
the hostile attacks of the Indians. On the 12th of 
August of that year the Legislature ordered an addi- 
tional levy of one hundred and fifty men, none of 
whom, with the exception of the officers, should be 
recruited from the militia of the county of Sussex, as 
" the whole of that militia might be wanted in case 
of any formidable attack." A new block-house was 
ordered to be erected " below Pehoqualin Mountain, 
near the mouth of the Paulinskill, or between that 
and the said Mountain." Twenty guides well ac- 
quainted with the country were to be hired by the 
commanding officer to conduct the troops through the 
wilds and fastnesses of Sussex; and it was further 
provided " that inasmuch as the Indians are a very 
private and secret enemy, and as it has been thought 
Dogs would be of very great service not only in dis- 
covering them in their secret retreats among the 
swamps, rocks, and mountains, frequent in those 
parts ; therefore be it enacted, etc., that it shall and 
may be lawful for the Paymaster aforesaid to procure 
upon the best terms they can Fifty good, large, strong, 
and fierce Dogs ; and the same so procured to supply 
with food necessary to their subsistence, equal to ten 
men's allowance in quantity ; which said Dogs shall be 
disciplined for and employed in the service in such 
manner as the said Major, in conjunction with the 
Commission officers, or the major part of them, shall 
think proper." 

We quote the following from Neville's "Laws," vol. 
ii. page 202, which is said to have been the first re- 



FRKXCII AND IXIHAX \\ r AR, 1755. 



37 



cognition of personal bravery by the Provincial 
Legislature of New Jersey, and ie peculiarly appro- 
print'- T i j : i - 1 1 1 1 1 < -1 1 as it refers to residents of Sussex 
County. It is part of tin- rn-t of Aug. ]■>, 1758: 

" Wher«a*i It Is not only strictly Just, but highly prudent, to reward 
ini'l encourage such acts >>f martial Bravery as have h tendency to dis- 
treiw the Enemy and defend Ourselves: And whereat [I credibly re- 
ported that JoAn VantQt,a Sergeant in the pay "f this Colony, with a 

party of nine more andei bis Co land, have lately exerted themselves 

njJCiihiBt tin-' '"ii i in. »n Kminy u|M.n tlio frontiers of t tiin Colony in n "it; mil 

Hftnner; and that a Lad, aged al t seventeen years, slrnami 

when punned by the Enemy, *li"t one of them and a red bis retreat 

from the Immlnonl dangei with which he was threatened, toeing his gun; 

Thereforo, ns s jnnt Beward to those Persons, and t" excite others t- « 

iin 1 1 nil' their heroic Example, Be i' further • Mooted, by Efts Authority afor** 

■old, Thai it flint it and may be lawful R>i the Paymaster aforesaid, and he 

Is hereby directed tn pay nnto the Haiti John VantUe tlio sum of twonty 

.s,,„„i./, Ii-llius, iiml In .'in Ii uf Hi- party under his command the sum of 

Ton Dollars n piece; and tothesald Lad, elrnamed Tit 

ill- sum of Tbtrtj Dollars; and shall also procure for,and pi 

the said John I'.iii/i/.-, ami the said Ud, elrnamed Tilmrt, with n Silver 

Uedal each, of the size of a Dollar, wheroon shall be Inscribed the Bust 

or Figure of an Indian, prostrate at the feet of the sold Pan/ft and Lad 

aforesaid, Importing their victory over them, and to comme rate their 

ad the Country's Gratitude upun the occasion. Which Medals 
ill- said Vant Ie ami Lad aforesaid, shall ur may Mem- in view at all such 

public occasions as they may happen to atl I, t.. excite an Emulation 

and kindle R mnrtlal Hi- In the Breasts of the Spectators, so truly essen- 
tial In tliin II f General War." 

VIL— EXTRACTS FROM THE "NEW AMERICAN 
MAGAZINE."* 

Respecting affairs at this prri.nl in Sussex County, 
the " New American Magazine," published at Wood- 
bridge, V J., under date of .May 31, 1758, gives the 
following : 

"I'ti: i ti \mi:hv, May 31. — On Monday, the fif- 
teenth instant, about two o'clock in the after a, 

thirteen [ndians rushed into the bouse of Nicholas 
Cole, in the county of Sussex, near Nbminaclc fort, in 
the township of Walpack, in this province, adjacent 

to the river Delaware, ami, Cole heing from I 

they immediately killeil liis son, about eighteen years 

old, who was asleep upon the bed ; they then finished 
Cole's wife, and, dragging her out of doors, sin- tin re 
saw her eldest daughter, aged thirteen, her son, aged 

eight, ami her youngest 'laughter, about four years 

old, a" murdered and scalped. The savage villains 
then plundered the bouse, after which they carried 
Off the mother ami her son .laeoh, about ten years of 
age. Thej were soon after joined by two other ln- 
diann, who had with them two Germans, whom they 
had taken that day, and had killeil and scalped o 
third in Anthony Westbrook's field, near Minisink, 
in sail 1 county of Sussex. The Boldiers who were 

guarding the frontiers proposed to join s lof the 

neighbors and to cross the Delaware the next ru- 
ing by daybreak to watch the road t" Wyoming. 

Ami as four of them were going to the place of ren- 

devous, about two o'clock in the night, they heard 
the [ndians coming down the hill in the main road 

* This magailne was edited by Si let Hevill, who pml led as prlncl- 

iniiiii; the Drat courts held In Sussex County, n was the 
Aral publication of the kind in tiew J 



to cross the Delaware; when one of the four fired 
among them the savage- immediately Bed, Betting up 
a most dismal yell, and leaving Cole's wife and son at 

liberty, who made the hest of their way along the road 

to one McCarty's, to which place the Boldierssoon after 
came. The woman said the Indians talked English 

and Dutch, and she was sure one »;i- a white man. 

('apt. Gardner i- gone with two parties to waylay the 
road tn Wyoming and Cochecton. The Indians, 

thinking they were discovered, killed the two < br- 
maii prisoners, and after scalping them cut off oni of 
their Inads and tixed it on his breast, the two bodies 

being since found. 

"On the Thursday following, the daughter of the 
Willow Walling, near Fort Gardner, between Goshen 

and .Mini-ink, was killed by three Indian- a- -lie was 

picking up chips for the tire. Her shrieks alarming 

the house, her brother ran up-stairs, and, seeing the 
Indians scalping his sister, he fired at them from the 
garret-window, and i- sure he wounded one of them. 

The mother and other daughter in the mean ti 

made their escape, and the son likewise got off clear." 

Tin- same magazine for June SO, L768, has the fol- 
lowing: 

"Perth A\ v, June 30. — On the 12th instant 

one W'alt.r Vantile, a sergeant of the forces stationed 
upon the frontier of this province in the county of 
Sussex, having received information that ti party of 
Indian- bad crossed the river Delaware into Pennsyl- 
vania, took nine soldiers with him and went over the 

river in pursuit of them. They made diligent Bearch 

alter the (ndians in different ways, but could make 
no discovery of them. However, for that night they 
encamped upon the river, about >i\ miles abovi • 
Fort, and in the morning they scouted back from the 

river about four miles; at last they discovered an In- 
dian walking towards the place where thej bad lain 
the night before, whom they pur-tied, but he got into 
a swamp ami made hi- escape. The si rgeant and bis 

party then took the same course towards the river 
which the Indian was steering, and when they eame 
to the bank ol the Delaware they heard some Indians 
Chopping on a small island in the river, and >a\\ ten 
Of them making a raft in order to CTOSS the river. 

Vantile and his men watched them very strictly the 

whole night In the morning, early, the [ndians 
packed up their Clothes and other thing- and waded 

the river, drawing their raft after them. Vantile, per- 
ceiving by their course that they would land higher 
up than where he and hi- men were posted, crept pri- 
vately up the river until they came within one hun- 
dred yards of them, » hen they -aw a smoke upon the 
-bore and an Indian rise up, who eame toward- the 
soldier-, but be -oon returned to the lire ami took up 
hi- gun: upon which about fifteen Indians rose up 
and laid hold ot their guns. The sergeant then or- 
dered his men to tire upon them, and the Indian- re- 
turned the tire and advanced; the aforesaid ten In- 
dians who were coming from the island also fired verv 



38 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



briskly. The sergeant and his men sustained the 
attack with great courage, and after fighting six 
rounds and boldly advancing towards the enemy the 
Indians fled in great confusion, leaving behind them 
four guns, four tomahawks, three pikes, fifteen pairs 
of moccasins, fifteen pairs of stockings, and other sun- 
dry things. These are supposed to be the same In- 
dians who had attacked Uriah Westfall's and Abra- 
ham Cortwright's houses. 

"His Excellency Governor Bernard hath sent up 
orders to the officers upon the frontiers to restrain the 
soldiers from leaving their quarters and straggling 
into the woods to hunt and shoot, as the same is cer- 
tainly a dangerous and pernicious practice; for on 
Friday last William Ward was shot and scalped as he 
was hunting within a half mile of No. 3, in the county 
of Sussex ; and the same day about noon a house was 
burnt ou the opposite side of the river. The Indians 
shouted and fired several guns while it was burning. 

" Some days since a man and a boy, traveling along 
the public highway in the said county of Sussex, were 
attacked by the Indians. The man was shot dead ; 
the boy was surprised, but, finding one of the Indians 
in pursuit of him, he had presence of mind, as the 
last refuge, to turn and fire upon him, and saw him 
drop. The other Indian still pursued, and the boy, 
perceiving that his gun so retarded his flight that he 
must be taken, broke it to pieces against a rock, that 
it might not fall into the enemy's hands, and made 
his escape from them. He then alarmed the people, 
who immediately went out upon the scout with guns 
and dogs, and, coming to the place where the boy shot 
the Indian, they found a great deal of blood, but not 
the body. They searched very diligently about the 
woods, when at last one of the dogs began barking; 
and, going to see what was the matter, they found 
him barking at a bunch of brush, and, turning it 
aside, they found the Indian buried with his clothes 
and tomahawk, upon which they scalped him and 
brought away the things they found buried with him. 
On Tuesday, the 16th of June, Justice Decker, of the 
county of Sussex, brought the said Indian scalp and 
tomahawk to the city of Perth Ainboy. This savage 
proves to be the notorious bloody villain well known 
by the name of Capt. Armstrong, a noted ring-leader 
of the Delawares, who, with other Indians, was con- 
cerned with Benjamin Springer (lately executed in 
Morris County) in the murder of Anthony Swartwout, 
his wife and children." 

VIII.— CONFERENCES— NEGOTIATIONS FOR PEACE. 

The Legislature appointed a committee, who met 
the Indians of this State at Crosswicks in the winter 
of 1756. Their grievances were heard patiently, and 
then reported to the Legislature, which passed acts to 
relieve them. 

In June, 1758, Governor Bernard, of New Jersey, 
consulted Gen. Forbes and Governor Denny, of Penn- 
sylvania, as to the measures best calculated to put 



a stop to the unpleasant warfare, and through Teedy- 
escung, king of the Delawares, he obtained a con- 
ference with the Minisink and Pompton Indians, 
protection being assured them.* The conference took 
place at Burlington, Aug. 7, 1758. On the part of 
the province, there were present the Governor, three 
commissioners of Indian affairs of the House of As- 
sembly, and six members of the council. Two Mini- 
sink or Munsey Indians, one Cayuga, one Delaware 
messenger from the Mingorans, and one Delaware 
who came with the Minsics were the delegates on 
the part of the natives. The conference opened with 
a speech from the Governor. He sat holding four 
strings of wampum, and thus addressed them : 
" Brethren, as you are come from a long journey 
through a wood full of briers, with this string I 
anoint your feet and take away their soreness ; with 
this string I wipe the sweat from your bodies; with 
this string I cleanse your eyes, ears, and mouth, that 
you may see, hear, and speak clearly, and I particu- 
larly anoint your throat that every word you say 
may have a free passage from your heart; and with 
this string I bid you welcome." The four strings 
were then delivered to them. The result of the con- 
ference was that a time was fixed for holding another 
at Easton, at the request of the Indians, that being, 
as they termed it, the place of the " old council." 

The act passed in 1757 appropriated sixteen hun- 
dred pounds for the purchase of Indian claims; but, 
as the Indians living south of the Raritan preferred 
receiving their portion in lands especially devoted to 
their occupancy, three thousand and forty-four acres 
in the township of Evesham, Burlington Co., were 
purchased for them. A house of worship and several 
dwellings were subsequently erected, forming the town 
of Brotherton ; and, as the selling or leasing of any 
portion of the tract was prohibited, as was also the 
settlement of any persons upon it other than Indians, 
the greatest harmony appears to have prevailed be- 
tween its inhabitants and their white neighbors.! 

On Oct. 8, 1758, the conference commenced at Eas- 
ton. It was attended by the lieutenant-governor of 
Pennsylvania, six of his council, and an equal num- 
ber of members of the House of Representatives, 
Governor Bernard, of New Jersey, five Indian com- 
missioners, George Croghan, Esq., deputy Indian 
agent under Sir William Johnson, a number of mag- 
istrates and freeholders of the two provinces, and five 
hundred and seven Indians, comprising delegates from 
fourteen different tribes. The business of the confer- 
ence was conducted mainly by Governor Bernard, 
who in its management evinced no small degree of 
talent and tact. It was closed on the 26th of October, 
and the result was a release by the Minisink and 
Wapping Indians of all lands claimed by them withip 
the limits of New Jersey for the sum of one thousand 



• Smith' 

f Alliaul 



' Now JciBP.v," l»p. 447, 448. 
" Lawa," p. til. 



FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, 1755. 



39 



pounds. Deeds were also obtained from the D 
wares and other [ndians,and it was declared "thai by 
these two agreement the province of Nen Jersey is 
entirely freed and discharged from all [ndian claims." 
At least, such was the opinion of (iovernor Bernard 
and the Indians ; but the Assembly the ensuing March, 
in answer to the Governor's speech, mention a small 
claim of the Totamies and Borne private claims still 
outstanding. The minutes of 1 1 1 i -~ interesting confer- 
ence are printed ;it length in Smith's "Historj of 
New Jersey." The amicable relations thus happily 
begun remained undisturbed for several 

In 17U4 a frontier guard of two hundred men was 
again kept up si time in consequence of disturb- 
ances in Pennsylvania, I >u t the alarm soon sub ided 
In 1769, Governor Franklin attended a convention 
held with the Six Nations by several of the colonial 

i ■-, .in' I informed the Assembly on his return 

thai they bad publicly acknowledged repeated in- 

of the jus tii f the New Jersey authorities 

in bringing murderers of Indians to condign punish- 
ment, declared thai they had no claim whatever upon 
the province, and in the most solemn manner con- 
ferred on itsgovernmenl the title oiSagoriyhiviyogatha, 
or the "Great Arbiter," or " Doer of Justice," a name 
which the Governor truly remarked reflected high 

In. nor upon the pro\ in i 

IX.— TKEDYUSCUXG. 
Teedyuscung, the last king of the Delaware-, was 
in main respects a very remarkable and noble char- 
Although he took up the tomahawk against 
the whites in 17'">. and was the chief leader in that 
struggle, it was because he believed he had a jusl 
cause. He was made king of the Delawares wesl ol 

the mountains in 1756. In May of that year he and 

his Indians left their headquarters at Wyoming and 

repaired to Diahoga, a strong Indian town at the 

I oil.- "i t],,- Susquehanna, now Athens, Pa. In July, 
1766, he visited Bethlehem, at the invitation of the 
Governor, preparatory to the Brsl conference held at 
Easton, and is Bpoken of by Reichel a- follow.- in his 
" Memorials of the Moravian i 'lunch :" 

"Capt. Newcastle returned to Bethlehe a the 

evening of the 17th. With him came Teedyuscung 

and upwards of thirty Other Indian-, men. women, 

and children, pursuant to the Governor's invitation ; 
this was the iir-i appearance ol the chiel within the 
settlement since be had taken up the hatchet, tin 
the 18th he mel Maj, Parsons in conference in Jus- 
Uorafield's oilier. Ii was a memorable interview, 
in a- far a- on that occasion Ceedyuscung for the tir-i 
time proclaimed his kingship. Hi- private coun- 
sel, n . Tapescawen, or Tapescohung, Newcastle, « 'apt. 
tnsley, from Fori Allen, and a few others, were 
present; John Pompshire interpreted. Producing a 
string of wampum wherebj to confirm what he de- 



1 n.-« Vork Juaru J, 



sired to say, he dictated this message to the < iovernor 
in replj t" tie- inv i tat ion he had received to meel him 
at Tulpehocken: ' Brother the Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, I have received tie- word by your mi - 
kindly. Upon it 1 have come, a- you have given mo 

good words, which are called eouiieil-iire. At tin- 
Forks of Delaware We will -it down, and wait tie re, 
and shall he ready. I am exceeding glad that there 

are such thoughts and methods taken in respect to 

our women and children. I shall, I hope, he ready to 
let you know a little further when we -hall meet. This 
what I have now in -lent spoken i- not only from me, 
hut also from my unele the Mohawk the Six Nation- . 
and from four other nation- [the Delaware-, Shawan- 

■ -.. Monseys, and Mohicans], which in all ma: 

and these tin have hut two heads <;/' kingt betwei a 

them.' " 

I edyuscung ami his companions were escorted to 
Easton on the 19th, pursuant to the (iovernor- order 
issued to Map Parsons. On July 24, 1756, three 
members of tin- council were sent t. tifj Teedyus- 
cung that the ( Iovernor was come. < >n attempting to 

use John Pompshire, "on.- of tin- best and dis< 

of the Jersey Indians," as interpreter, the kin 

I .'ted, and iguihcd a- hi chou I Inlian Dejamin 

"an impudent, forward youth who had enlisted in the 

Jersey companies and afterwards deserted, going over 
to the enemy at Diahoga." I pon this Pompshire de- 
clared In- would not he concerned in interpreting it 
Benjamin were allowed to speak, lie carried his 
point, and ubsequentlj became the king'- favorite 
interpreter. 

After tin- treat} Teedyuscung loitered for a while 
at Fori All.ii. Aug. 17. 1756, In- returned to Beth- 
lehem with a f.w of bis associates, for the twofold 
purpose ol enticing hie m ce Theodora aw 17 and cl 
prevailing with the Christian Indians to accompany 
him to Diahoga; he set out the n.-\t day for the fori 
without having accomplished his object. On the 21st 

his wile and children arrived. The king, the) stated, 
had gone to the Mini-ink to am -t hi- Indian.- in their 
depredations in that quarter.! 

Monday, Nov. 8, 1756, the second treats with Tee- 
dyuscung was opened at Ka-ton. Besides the (Iov- 
ernor. William Logan, and Richard Peters, of his 
council, there were present, of the commissioners, 
Benjamin Franklin, Joseph F"\, William Masters, 
and John Hughes; of the officers of the Pennsyl- 
vania provincial forces, Lieut.-Col. Weisser, Mai. 
Parsons, Capt. Withershold, Capt John Van Etten, 
and ('apt. Reynolds; Beveral other officers and a 
large number of gentlemen and citizens from 
Jersey ami Philadelphia, Teedyuscung was attended 

bj -i\I. .11 "I hi- nation, four Indian- of 1 

-. two Shawanese, and six Mohicans. John 

Pompshire was interpreter. The king opened the 

ace by stating that he had kept the promise 



1 11.11 ii..-. 11 i.i.,.i-i 



40 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



made by him at the last treaty, having since then 
informed all the Indian nations of the disposition of 
the English for peace. On being asked by the Gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania whether he, the Governor, or 
the province had ever wronged him, and why he and 
his Indians had struck the English, the chief pro- 
ceeded to state that the false-hearted French king 
had tampered with the foolish-hearted young men of 
his people, but chiefly they had taken up the hatchet 
because the English had defrauded them of their 
land. " I have not far to go for an instance," con- 
tinued the speaker : " this very ground that is under 
me" (striking it with his foot) " was my land and 
my inheritance, and is taken from me by fraud. I 
mean all the land lying between Tohicon Creek" 
(a stream heading near Quakertown and emptying 
into the Delaware fifteen miles east of that place) 
" and Wyoming." The Governor hereupon offering 
him redress, Teedyuscung closed the conference by 
stating that he was not empowered to accept it ; that 
he would meet the Governor at some future time, and 
then he would lay before him the extent of his griev- 
ances, and they could treat for a settlement of all 
disagreements and for a lasting peace. 

This opportunity came at the third treaty of Easton, 
July 27 to Aug. 7, 1757. Teedyuscung having de- 
manded a secretary to take down the minutes for his 
revision, the demand was reluctantly granted him, 
and he chose Charles Thomson, " master of the pub- 
lic Quaker school in the city of Philadelphia," — the 
same Thomson who was afterward secretary of Con- 
gress and author of the " Enquiry," in which he 
calmly and truthfully sets forth the injustice of the 
treatment of the Delawares in the land transaction 
of 1737. After an exchange of the compliments 
usually preliminary to business on such occasions, 
and the utterances of mutual assurances of regret for 
the past and good hopes for the future, the king 
stated that the purchase of lands by the proprietaries 
from Indians who had no right to sell, and their fraud- 
ulent measurement subsequently, whether by miles or 
by hour's walk, had provoked the war. This charge 
he demanded should be closely investigated, and, on 
evidence appearing that injury had been done to the 
Indians, they should have redress. " In that case," 
he said, " I will speak with a loud voice, and the na- 
tions shall hear me." Hereupon he stated his pur- 
pose to settle with his countrymen in Wyoming, 
adding that he would build a town there such as the 
white men build, and provide for the introduction of 
the Christian religion among his countrymen and for 
the education of their children. In conclusion, he de- 
manded that the deeds by which the lands in dispute 
were held should be produced, that they be publicly 
read, and that copies be laid before King George and 
published to all the provinces under his government. 
" What is fairly bought and paid for," he went on to 
say, "I make no further demand about; but if any 
lauds have been bought of Indians to whom these 



lands did not belong, and who had no right to sell 
them, I expect satisfaction for these lands. And if 
the proprietaries have taken in more lands than they 
bought of true owners, I expect likewise to be paid 
for that. But, as the persons to whom the proprieta- 
ries may have sold these lands, which of right be- 
longed to me, have made some settlements, I do not 
want to disturb them or to force them to leave them, 
but expect full satisfaction will be made to the true 
owners for these lands, though the proprietaries, as I 
said before, might have bought them from persons 
who had no right to sell them." 

After some hesitation on the part of the province, — 
in consequence of difference of opinion as to the pro- 
priety of complying with the Delaware's request, in as 
far as Sir William Johnson had been commissioned 
by royal appointment to hear the particulars of the 
charge brought against the proprietaries and the pro- 
prietaries' defense, and in consequence of Teedyus- 
cung's reluctance to treat with the baronet and his 
Indians, some of whom, he said, were parties to the 
unauthorized sale of lands, — the deeds relating to the 
purchase north of the Tohickon were produced and 
read. Agreeably to his request, furthermore, copies 
of them were promised him to dispatch to Sir William 
Johnson, to be transmitted by the latter to King 
George for his determination. Upon this the Dela- 
ware rose to his feet, and, taking up two belts tied 
together, spoke as follows : " I desire you would with 
attention hear me. By these two belts I will let you 
know what was the ancient method of confirming a 
lasting peace. This you ought to have considered, 
and to have done ; but I will put you in mind. You 
may remember when you took hold of my hand and 
led me down, and invited my uncles (several of whom 
are present), with some from each of the Ten Nations, 
when we had agreed, we came down to take hold of 
one of your hands, and my uncles came to take hold 
of your other hand. Now, as this day and this time are 
appointed to meet and confirm a lasting peace, we, — 
that is, I and my uncles, as we stand, and you, as you 
stand, in the name of the great king, three of us stand- 
ing, — we will all look up, and by continuing to ob- 
serve the agreements by which we shall oblige our- 
selves one to another we shall see the clear light, and 
friendship shall last to us, and to our posterity after 
us forever. Now, as I have two belts, and witnesses 
are present who will speak the same by these belts, 
brothers, in the. presence of the Ten Nations, who are 
witnesses, I lay hold of your hand" (taking the Gov- 
ernor by the hand), " and brighten the chain of friend- 
ship that shall be lasting, and whatever conditions 
may be proper for us to agree to may be mentioned 
afterwards. This is the time to declare our mutual 
friendship. Now, brother the Governor, to confirm 
what I have said, I have given you my hand, which 
you were pleased to rise and take hold of. I leave it 
with you. When you please I am ready, brother, if 
you have anything to say as a token of confirming the 



PARTITION-LINE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST JERSEF. 



peace, I shall be ready to hear, and, aa you rose, 1 n ill 
rise up and lay hold of your hand. To confirm wli.-.t 
I have said I give you these belts." 

" We now rise and take you into our arms," replied 
the Governor, "and embrace you with the • 
pleasure as our friends and brethren, and heartily 
desire thai we may ever hereafter look on one another 

as brethren and children of the si parents. Asa 

confirmation of this we give you the belts." Gavi a 
very large white belt, with the figures of threi mi a 
upon it, representing His Majesty King George tak- 
ing hold of the king of the Five Nations with one 
hand, and Teedyuscung, the Delaware king, with the 
other, and marked with the following letters : "G. R., 
5 N., D. K.," for" King George, Five Nations, Dela- 
ware King."* 

By the request of Teedyuscung, he was permitted 
to spend the winter of 1757-58 at Bethlehem. i;< i< hi I 
gives the following account of his sojourn in thai 
place: "He accordingly had a lodge built him near 
'The Crown.' Here he held court, and here he gave 
audience to all the wild embassies thai would come 
from the tndii untry, from the land of the im- 
placable Mousey, from the gates of Dialn.ga, and 
from the ultimate dim Thule of the Alleghany or 
1 >i'i" country. Occasionally he would repair to Phil- 
adelphia or to the fort to confer with the < lovernor or 
with the commandant on the progress of the work of 
peace he was apparently solicitous of consummating 

without delay. Thus the dark winter months passed : 

and when the swelling maple-buds and the whitening 
of the shad-bush on the river's hank foretokened the 

advent of spring, there was busj preparati 

"n in ' Teedyuscung's company over the water' for 
their long-expected removal to the Indian El Dorado 
"ii the Hats of the Winding River." 

In the spring of 1758, "Teedyuscung's town" was 
finished : it stood a little below the site of Wilkes- 
barre. Scull's map of 1759 notes it as"Wioming." 
Early in 1758 he re ved to this town, which, agree- 
ably to his request and the c litions of treaty, had 

1 Q built for him and his followers by the English 

in the historic valley of Wyoming, on the east side 
of the Susquehanna. Here be lived not unmindful 
of his long-cherished object, and hen- he was burned 
to death on the uighl of Lpril 19, 1763, while 

in his lodge. 

The Iroquois, it is said, were the instigators of this 
cowardly act, for tbej hated the man who testified 

against their ar ant assumption and opposed their 

lust of power. " \- long as he lived he was a stand- 

mgrebuke to their designing oppression, and, all 

they no longer drended his arms, they feared hi- 

words, which left their guilty i sciences no peace." 

Hence it was resolved in c icil that h ight not 

to live; and when new- was brought hack to Onon- 
daga that the lodge of the Delaware king and the 

* Relchtl, In " Manorial! ol lln U 



lodgi - of his men of war I , flame*, 

the perfidious six Nations triumphed in having de- 
stroyed an enemy who-, spirit they had failed to 

-ill, die ." 

Teedyuscung had three 80 ns, Amos, the eldest, 
Kesmitas, and John Jacob. The first, 
helle, was baptized at Gnadenhutten bj B 
merhoif. Dec. L4, 1750. He was then twenty-two 
years of age. His wife, Pingtis, a sister of Agnes 
Post, was baptized the same day, and received the 
name of Justina. Shi was a Jersey Delaware. 



CIIA PTER VI L 

PARTITION-LINE BETWEEN EAST AND 
WEST JERSEY. 

1.— ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NORTH STATION- 
POINT. 

The settlement known as the Quintipartite Agn i - 
ment, whereby the province of New Jersey was 
rated into its eastern and western divisions by its pro- 
prietors, on the first day of July, 1676, was ratified 
and confirmed by an a :t of the Legislature passe I on 

.March i>7, 171!'. Thi r ;i Q | and ti I i stablished 

the division-line between the two sections of the 
province upon what was subsequently known as Law- 
rence's line, alt! gh this line was not actually run 

out till 1743, when John Lawrence was employed to 

survey it under the direction of the proprietor, of 
East Jersey. 
Soon alter the pas.;,-,, of the act of 1719 commi- 

appointed by royal patent proceeded to as- 
certain and determine the northern station-point de- 
scribed in tin- grant of the Duke id' York, at which, 
according to the Quintipartite Agreement, the di- 
visional line from the eaM -ide of Little Kgg II 

"a- to terminate on the Delaware in latitude forty- 
mi i tnd fbrtj minutes. The manner in which 

thi- duly was performed by the commissioners and 

01 --general is shown by the following tlocil- 

called 

"Tilt; ikiimm i i i DEED. 
1 tripartite, mode tii,. twenrv-nfth dayof Jnlj, in 

Ireland, Kli ' ... , 1719, between Itobort Walter, ol i 

unit province of New Jfbrk; laue Hlcke, ol ,;„,.,.„■.,• ty.lnl 

i n|.j .Ml, .in .i..rr.-t. ..i ii,,- i ,11 and provln 
■urvevor fur. and In behnll 
1..I111 Johnson, ,e ' 

'•' 'I'" l"»« I NowJenjay, I -, . and Juntos Alexander, ut 

-" "'"I • I '. dh i part; and 

Klrkurti I John I dlvUI i ihc will prov- 

"' »'•• Ullrd part: M 

il Hi., provl t \. ■ \ 

lllO - .i.l o..,„, „,-.,. 

nppuiitted, I • inili' ..f il... prot 

UiatfurmUio river Delaware; which liter, (ho arid , 



42 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



the surveyor, or surveyors, may esteem necessary to be inspected or sur- 
veyed; in order to find out and determine which of the streams is the 
Northernmost branch or Delaware river, ana that then, when such 
blanch is so discovered, the surveyor, or surveyors, according to tho 
best of their knowledge and understanding, discover and find out that 
place of the said Northermost branch of Delaware Hiver that lies ill the 
latitude of 41 degrees ami it) minutes, which is the North partition point 
of New York and New Jersey ; and for the better pr. -serving and perpet- 
uating the knowledge ot the said partition point, the said Commissioners 
and surveyors, by the said Letters Patent are required to take notice of 
the most remarkable inn) conspicuous places near to the said North par- 
tition point, whether they be rocks, hills, gullies, ponds, runs, or streams 
of water; and observe upon what course and distanre such remarkable 
places bear from the said North partition point; all wbich the said 
commissioners are required by the said Letters Patent distinctly to cer- 
tify under their hands and seals, unto the governor, or commander in 
chief of the province of New York, to be tiled and recorded in the .sec- 
retary's office of the said province of New York : All which by tho Let- 
ters Patent, bearing date the first day of May, in the fifth year of bis 
said Majesty's reign, and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and nineteen, and remaining upon the records of the said prov- 
ince of New York, may more fully and at large appear: And whereas 
his said Majesty by other Letters Patent under the great seal or the 
province of New Jersey, did coinniissionato and appoint the said John 
Johnson and George Willocks Commissioners for the Eastern division of 
the said province of New Jersey; Joseph Kirkbride and John Heading 
commissioners for the Western division of New Jersey, and James Alex- 
ander, surveyor-general of bolh divisions of the province of New Jersey 
aforesaid; in conjunction with the Commissioners and surveyor or sur- 
veyors appointed, or to be appointed, upon the pint and behalf of the 
said province of New York; that they the said connuissioneis and sur- 
veyors carefully and diligently inspect and survey all or such of the 
streams of water that form the said river Delaware, which they the said 
Commissioners, or surveyor, or surveyors, may esteem necessary to be 
inspected or surveyed, in order to find out and determine which of tho 
streams of water i» the Northermost branch of the said liver, and that 
then when such branch is so discovered, the said surveyor or surveyors 
carefully, according to their best knowledge and understanding, discover 
and find out that place of the said Northermost bi audi of Delaware river 
Unit lien in the laUliuh of 41 degree* mid 40 liitutlto ; which is the Northpar- 
tilim of Xew Jersey aforesaid, mid the point, us well, of the line of pm-litimi 
or dicMm between the iWmi anrf Western dimimi, as that place where 
the line ot partition or division between New York and New Jersey ter- 
minates; and tor the better perpetuating and preserving the knowledge 
of the said North partition point, the said Commissioners aud surveyors 
for the province of New Jersey are required by the said Letters Patent 
to take notice of tho most remarkable and conspicuous places near to 
the said North partition 'point, whether they be rocks, hills, gullies, 
ponds, runs, or streams of water; ami observe on what course and dis- 
tances such remarkable places bear from the North partition point; all 
which the said Commissioners and surveyors .ire further required as 
aforesaid, distinctly to certify under their bauds and seals unto the gov- 
ernor or Commander in Chief of the province of New Jersey aforesaid, 
to be filed and recoided in the secretary's office thereof; all which by the 
said last recited Letters Patent, bearing date the last day of March, in 

the tilth year of bis Majesty's reign, in the year of our Lord one tl - 

sand seven hiindredand nineteen, and remaining upon the public records 
of the said province of New Jersey, may fully and at large appear. 

"Now this Indenture witnesseth, that the said Commissioners and sur- 
veyors, as well upon the part and behalf or the province of New Yo. k as 
upon the part and behalf of the province of New Jersey, in pursuance of 
the trust reposed in them by ti.esevelnl and above recited Letters Patent, 
under the great seals of the respective provinces of New Yolk and New 
Jersey: having caielully and diligently inspected and inhumed them- 
selves which or tho several and respective branches of tile said river of 
Delaware is the Northermost branch thereof, do find, and therefore by 
these presents do certify, and decline, that that stream or river which is 
c iiionly called or known by the name ot the rishkill is the Northern- 
most bianch of the said river Delaware ; And further, that they the said 
Commissioners and Surveyors, according to the best of their knowledge 
.„„, inhumation, do esteem and believe the said rishkill to he the biggest 

and deepest »tr that fi s thesaid liver Delaware: Ami whereas the 

said Allltin Janet and James Alexander having taken repeated observa- 
tions lie Well nigh adjoining to the said Fishkill, or tho Northernmost 
branch of the, Delaware river.aa in sundry other places, i„ or der to ills- 
, ovcr that plac in said Northernmost blanch that lies in the latitude or 
II decrees and l.cly minutes; and that tl.ey thesaid sun. yms, accord- 



ing to the best ot their skill and understanding, having discovered the 
same to be upon that place or the said Fishkill, or Northernmost branch 
ot the Delaware nroreinentioned ; therefore they the said ci 
and surveyors do certify by these presents, to all whom it may c 
that the said North partition, or division point, upon the Northernmost 
branch of the river Delaware, between the provinces of New York and 
New Jersey (which Kkembe i* the North partition point between the Eastern anil 
Western dicisiom of Xew Jersey) the latitude or 41 degrees and 411 minutes, 
upon the East side of the said Fishkill branch, is upon the low land in 
the Indian town called Caslieightouch ; which Indian town is distant 
rrom Thomas Swart wout's house, at a place known by the name of Pin- 
peek, near to Mahackamack liver; 29 miles and a quarter, upon a 
straight course, North 44 degrees 20 minutes West, by the lllagneticiil 
position; or a course North 62 degrees 20 minutes West, by the true po- 
sition, from John Dicker's* house, at the place called Teteudal, by said 
Mahackamack river, about 211 miles and three-qualters, upon a course 
North 35 degrees West, by the lnagnetical position; or upon a course 
North 43 degrees West, by the true position, and upon the several courses 
by the Indian paths, from said Dicker's about 35 miles and a half; which 
point or intersection of the latitude of 41 degrees and 40 minutes upon 
the said Fishkill, or Northernmost branch of the river Delaware, is dis- 
tant 38 chains (reckoning four perches to a chain) from the mouth of a 
brook known by the Indian name of Lamackanock, and at all times 
coming to be called or known by the name of Station Brook ; which tails 
from the hills at the entering in of the Indian paths to the said town, 
Cashietouck. upon a course nearly North 5 degrees 45 minutes West, by 
the magnetical position; and upon a course North 13 degrees 45 minutes 
West, by the true position; which point of intersection is 9!) chains and 
a half, reckoning four perches to a chain, rrom a large stone or rock, the 
greatest length of its supel'fices being about eleven feet and three inches, 
and its broadest part about seven met three inches; lying partly in and 
partly out of the water upon the bank of the said branch called Fishkill ; 
upon a course South 10 degrees 45 minutes East, by the true position; 
which Btone is marked with the letter M, aud is 137 chains distant from 
the mouth of the said brook, upon a course North 78 degrees 4n minutes 
East, by the true position : at which stone or rock the lowland ends, and 
the hills come close to the said blanch or river Fishkill ; the courses and 
situation of the said brook, aud of the said river and hill, from the said 
brook to the stone aforesaid, will better appear by the draught to these 
presents annexed : In testimony whereof the said parties to these inden- 
tures have put their hands aud seals, the day aud year first above meu- 

tio " ed "li. Walter [l.s.]. 

•• Isaac Hicks [ls.]. 

"J0HNJ0HN80JS[I,.S.J. 

"Oeo. Wili.ocks[l.s.]. 
"Jno.Kk.uhn.i[i..s]. 

"ALLAlNjAR. t KT[L. S .]. 
"JAS. ALRXANl.BR [L.S.J. 
"Sealed and delivered in the presence of James Steel, John Harrison. 
"I certify the foregoing to be a true copy taken from Lib. D 2 of 
deeds, page -M, in the secretary's office at Burlington, 

" Hi itiu.RT M'El.ltov for Bowks Ef.ed, Sec." 

II.-ACTION OF THE COMMISSIONERS FULLY AP- 
PROVED. 
The year following the establishment of the north 
station-point by the commissioners and surveyors — 
viz., April 9, 1720,— their action was fully concurred 
in and ratified by the proprietors of West Jersey, as 
the following extract front the minutes of their pro- 
ceedings of that date will attest: 

"The managers appointed by law for the running and ascertaining the 
division-line between the Eastern and Western divisions of this province 
—viz., Isaac Sharp, James Logan, Thomas Lambert, and John Bending 
—met' tlllil day with the Council, and agreed with them that the whole 
sum of five hundred pounds (mentioned in a former minute, made tho 
sixth ot May last) be forthwith raised, in order lor the prosecuting of the 
said affair according as the law directs, with all expedition, for which an 

lulvertict' lit is prepared, signed by thesaid managers or Commissioners, 

and James Logan is desired to procure the same to be printed and pub- 



ly John Deck, 
g'hhnrhood, an. 



i the Deckers woro among the first settlers 
> name of Job u Decker appears in the Dutch 

I' Vachbiickemack Church in 1741. 



PARTITION LINK ISKTWKEN EAST AND WEST JERSEY. 



4.i 



llsbed wltlioul ileluy. And whereas Hie Northern or Sbitlon-polnt upon 
Del iwnre wae last year li x .-.I by Hie Surveyor-general, Joseph Kirkbrldo, 

and John Rending, appoluted Commissioners by the gore r under ilie 

great seal, which aald polul being fixed, there rentulua now on the part 

"i this division only to run the partition-lino betw the I 

Weetc [visions of t > • « - province: In order tliercuul ', It In agr I by 

the Commissioners that notice be given to the nianageraoi Con tJunera 

of the Eii tern division ol the resulullone ul the uiumigon ■ >! thla dlvl- 

■Ion; and thai they ma; be deelred to sgre i n i ertnlu dnj to meet the 

Western managers at Niithnu Allen's, or RuschitIch .1 ueerl meas- 
ures foi the running of the wild line, according to Die tenor ol the act; 

1 lingly, a lettet 1- wrote, subs* rfbed by the nmungera, directed to the 

ol the Eastern dlvlsluu, desiring them, wlih the aurvoyur-geu- 
erul, to meet them at Nullum Alleu'aou the 2titli Instant, which Icltei 1- 

delivered to David Lyel, 1 the said Eastern uianugers, ivhu linpp. 11 1 >i 

to be here presoul ; and all the uiuiiHgoni and r vera are di -ir. .1 to use 

their utmost diligence i rcoll Hog nil the v. they can, 

according to the tenor ,.i the said advertisement, and that ■ ich 

tltolr 1 nil- ngnliie uexl 1 ting, in ordor tu have 

...111,1 framed lb] the lost yoat u Hut ' litocllou ul tin 

[II.— SURVEY OF THE PARTITION-LINE. 
Although the West Jersej proprietors were anxious 
at this time tu participate in running the partition- 
line, ii appears thai they wen., nol able to raise the 
necessary funds, and so lei the matter drop, paying 

only their iM-uporiii.il of il spense of establishing 

the north station-point. After many years of delay 
the East Jersej proprietors assumed the responsibility, 
and in 1748, through their commissioners, Andrew 
Johnson and John Hamilton, employed John Law- 
rence to run the division-line. The following is a 
copy of .Mr. Lawrence's commission: 

"Wuerrj by 1 t ol the General Assembly province of Now 

York, paaaed In the MWi year ol the reign of Kluo George the In -t, J. In, 
Hamilton and David Lyal, George Wlllcockeund John Uarrlsou.aud the 

»nrvh f them, were ap| itexl Commissioners 01 mi Ibi tin 

Eastern dlvlsl 1 New Jersey, »iil. powor to appoint the snrveyor- 

generol, and inch other aurveyon and Bl able persons as should be 

Imlged a iryfot running the partition line between the Easteru and 

divisions ol New Jersej : And whereas the sold John Hamilton I; 

11 tly surviving Oomnilmd r appointed by the mild acl ; and whereat 

the said ai 1 gives power to the governui foi the tiui 

otliei persona In the pli 1 ucli of the (Jonimlsslouen nforvsald oa 

should refuse 1 n ' ihutilddle; a iy vin i that piwei An- 

drew Johnson, Esq., bos been appointed 1 mleel 1101 wi Hieivl 

lohn Homll and Andrew Johnson (by vlit 1 the power 

v < I lu us) as aforesaid, and by ami with tlio ad\ 1 the 

proprietors of the Easteru division, have appointed John Lawrence, 

deputy-surveyor, u] oath, lu niD, ik, Bx and ascertain tin 

pursuant tu the sold acl ,•! Issembly, aud 1 ..1 

thereof to a with all couveule itpodMun; with power to him toctu- 

P'n) ' 1 1'use in and able iwrsons, uj uih tousrlsl , e 

■ ild partition Hue, end murkiug and raising m nla on the 

"' I «■>«• In perl g 11 .,,,„.,< 

hvrewlUi delivered tu Mm. 

"Given iiudoi 1 
gust, 17 1:1. 

" Aji « Joiisso.n 1 - 

'•Joiih IIawi . 

The (bllowinii 



,ni,.„ 



Pi nil Amboy, th 



Li 



n copy of the oath taken b) Mr. 
ince before o magistrate i 



' "111 well and huh exei ute the wltliin Oummlsslou to the b 

•kill. Judgment 1 knowb 

"Sohcli 1 
"Joiia 



ii. 



"1 1 With this yoo will r IveaC nilsafnn to you for running the 

■ and \\ • -1 Jersey, tu il cei mi-n ..1 which 

you will be sworn, as In the diafl .,1 the oath ou the back tin 
"2d. ITon Blnrtiu Ryerson, ul Gurshum slot I 

isslstaul surveyor, il you think proper; mil si 

chaln>bcarera and markers; all whloli are i" i->- sworn, ->r ufflraied, Inily 
to perform thoolTlce you employ tlieiu In, and to have n certlBeuUiuf 

'li" iths or afArmatloua Indorsed on the back of your «lg I I.y the 

magistrate who administers the oath or ufflnuutl m to them, 
lu case when you are on the work, 

of sickness or otliorwlso you And hsIoii to employ m 1 other per- 

Bona than utflnsl you iuteudeil,yuu may pro* eeil «iili them fill 

neat tlie habitation ol .1 mnjlstrule. and tliuu cause them to I.,- swoni ..r 

iifnnned befuro hlm.thal they have hitherto well and truly executed, 

and that they will well and truly exec , tl Bee j avi 

them lu to the best ol their knowledge : And you are tu dli cl the 
chain-bearers in chaining to bold the itnke thi ) are next tu pin in the 

6 ud i" the same hand »iili the chain, and wltliin th 

ol thi end thai the) nn tu push in the gn I, nud stretcli the chain nt 

"1 the K nd, oud tu dlroi 1 the marker t., mark th 

Iter in- mentioned. 
"The 1 irogoltig are true copies and extracts; 

"James Pabkee." 

In running the partition-line, Mr. Lawrence started 
al the designated point cm the east Bide of Lil 
Harbor, and ran a random Line to the north station- 
point, al Cochecton. He thru found the station- 
point established and marked by the commissioners 
in 1719, and, taking his bearing, returned, making 
hi- corrections and marking the true line southward 
to the place of beginning. We take a few extracts 
from his field-book while running the line through 
Sussex ( !ountj . 

["Extracts from the original field-1 k of John 

Lawrence taken 22d August, 1841, during the progress 
of a trial between [ra Fuller and Jonathan 1 1 
The extracts commence near the Musconetcong, on 
the random line, and continue to the Delaware. Also 
the return line from the Delaware River to the Mus- 
conetcong." By Mr. /'. J; 

ii. 17*3. 
Field Hi».k ) 

I I M . I 

94 ol*.— A RcdUal lainetet on the V tide of tl „,,. 

i. nn near the root, on the S. aide ■■( Mnwoiietoona rivor.ulfi'J cli. 

The river about 78 I., wide, beai 

high hill. 
03 A whit.' Onh ab'l 9 Incites dliunotci ; the ground deecei 

wind ; al 18 ■ h u small brook, running Eastward ; al ii au ludlan 

Uak ab't 181m bes Diameter, ll I.. Westward i hill; the 

crunud di uda N ward. 

'" I Red Oak ib'l i \ 1 1 it dl urn li i Thi roun I A ■ mas pari 

Northerly ami pari N. Easterly. Ai ::; a Grass] r I ch. wide 

""'I ■''■' I '• Id heaver dam ab't P. , i,. 

below; - lamnche. 

'" * li"l Oak in , small plain ab't 10 luc i 

Unlmi f I'eqnest, runs ab't W.and abl 10 L. wide. 

'" A Willi i j I., i he N H. I ,i large Dnun h •■< 

Peqnesl At 10 1 1. the N edge ol s plain, the UouuU 

li>i An Asli Sapllu i.i'i I In. dlameter.ou the N. 

»wam| | ■ I weul tu .. b i;,. i,i 

- 

lb, 174.1. 
.' i IOi h.wida and BO • li long; bore about 
VI v lieckol laud about lOch. • 
in cli 



From the instructions accompanying thecommis- 

"ii we make the following extracts, certified a- a 

Mleel copj : 



* Tl nmberi lu the margin n pi. ■• ni mil.- (. he southern polul 

■'< Utile I Iml i.ii..i,..i |„ ii,, 

• I oi eightieth parts ..I .. mil.-. ..\.-r Hi.- lost l 

man) - bolus ol the nes.1 intlr run. 



44 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



1(11 A Maple standing in a large swamp on the South side about 10 
Indies diameter. At 10 a brook about 25 L. wide ; at 23, the N. Bid 
of the meadow, a White Oak under the edge of the hill. 

102 A White Oak ab't 12 Inches diameter. The ground descends N. 
Easterly. 

103 A Black Oak ab't 14 inches diametor, and 20 ch. S. Easterly on the 
edge of a hill, on the N. si.le of a swamp. At 08 ch. a round about 
5 ch. East. At 7+ ch. a notch in the mountain. Bore N. 88 W. the 
last half mile. Good Laud. 

10+ A Spanish Oak ab't 18 inches diameter near the foot of a very steep 
hill ; the ground descends Northerly. At 58 ch. a branch of Tock- 
hockconetconk (.Pallliuskill) about (i foot wide; bears ab't West; 
crossed it about y„ ch. E. of a large spruce pine. At 07 Tockhock- 
conetconk about 70 L. wide. Bore S. W. 

105 A White Oak ab't 1% foot diameter. The ground descendst East- 
erly-steep. 

106 A While Oak Saplin about 5 In. diameter, 4 ch. S. of a large pond of 
water, by estimation 100 Acres.* 

Traverse Course Round the Pond. 

1 N. 59 E. 33. 

2 N. 5, 45 E. 14. 

3 N. 55, K. IS. 

4 N. 23 E. 8, 25. 

5 N. 6)/ 2 E. 9. 
C N. 10, W. 22. 

7 S. 78 W. 4. 

8 N. 00 W. 36. 

9 S. 86, W. 53 to the line 
continued. At 39^ a small brook. 

107 In the aforesaid Pond. 

108 A Black Oak ab't 1)4 Toot diameter, 1 ch. S., the ground southerly; 
at 45 a Ked Oak saplin marked E. & W. with a blaze aud 3 notches, 
done this summer. At 01 a small brook, runs S. Easterly. Putty 
good swamp. 

109 A White Oak ab't 10 Inches diameter ; the ground descends S. East- 
erly. At 15 a brook about feet wide. Bore about S.S.E. 

110 A Ked Oak ab't 2 feet diameter. At 41 a small bog on the N. 6ide 9 
ch. wide. Now we begun to ascend the Pnhaqualin Mountain ; it 
bore S. 28 W. At 70 a very steep ascent— a mere body of rocks. 

111 A crooked Spaui.-h Oak among the steep rocks the southerly side of 
the mountain. 

112 A Spanish Oak on the Northerly side of the mountain, about 3 in- 
ches diameter, 18 foot westward of the mile end. 

113 A pine tree 1 foot diameter 1]4 ch. southard. At 20 links Eastward 
the ground descends N. Easterly. At 12^ a brook 40 links wide, 
ab't S. 80 W. Good low Lands, 10 or 12 ch. wide on the N. 6ide of 
brook. 

114 An Ash ab't 6 In. diameter standing in a small gully. At 58 ch. 
Delaware River. Bore about S. 86 W., 5 ch. wide. At the bank on 
Delaware a Black Oak ab't 15 Inches diameter, leaning over the 
liver, mat ked 114 and 58 ch. ; stands 10 L. W. of the river. In Pa 
Hendrick Van Gorder's house about % of " "> il0 ' a,lli Abram Cara- 
niau'sabve the place where the line comes to the river on the south 
side ; at 114, 75 ch. Uower Decker's house. Bore E. 30 L. Continued 
100t 'ni'es to Station Point, near Cochecton on Delaware." 

Fiuday, Oct. 21st, 1743. 
Fikld Book 1 

TaUE LINK > 

Began where the random line crossed Delaware River at the end 
ol 114 m. 58 ch., thence run a perpendicular N. 8l>>4 E. 60, 10 L. to 
the true line. Course N. 9.19 W. 22 eh. The 115th mile an Elm 
about I loot diameter in a small bushy gully. Kunning S. 9, 19 E. 
00 ch. trom the 1 15th mile. Klatbrook about 50 Ls. wide, a pleasant 
stream; course S. 9, 19 E. 

111 A forked White Oak about 3 feet diameter, 14 ch. southerly of Flat- 
brook in the low lauds on the Northerly side of the Pahaipiulin 
Mountain. 

113 A ].iiie ab't 1 foot diameter, 45 Ls. west of the lino on Northerly 
side of the mountain. 

112 A Spanish Oak ab't 1 foot diameter, on the Northerly side of the 
mountain. 



* Swaitw I P 1. 

t This refers to the distance from Little Egg Harbor. Ilonce Cochec- 
ton.or th'- north station-point, is 30 miles above where the Lawrence 
line strikes the Delaware Itlvcr. 



Ill In the edge of a pond on the S. side of the mountain. 

110 A hickory about 9 In. diameter, 20 l.s. W. of the line. At G7 a large 

Spanish Oak marked with a blaze and 3 notches ; supposed to be a 

corner tree of a survey made ab't 2 years ago— ab't 3 feet diameter. 
109 A hickory about 9 Inches diameter; about 15 Ls. West a heap of 

stones at the mile end. At 74><Jtwo Beaeli trees marked in line, the 

E. side of a run of water, 
ins A White Oak ab't 1 foot diameter. Ground descendsN.W. 
107 In a large Pond. (Saturday laid by— very rainy, some snow.) 

0cT0BF.lt 23d, 1743. 

100 Offset from White Oak saplin in the random lino aforesaid 63.34 to 
a Black Oak ab't V/„ foot diameter, 25 lin. Southwardly of (he end, 
with a stone at the foot of it. At 63 good land about 8 chs. wide 
upon Tockhockanetcouk (Pallliuskill). At 05V£ the brook— two 
dogwoods 5 In. diameter, growing from one root marked for side 
lines; on the N. side brook crooks. 

105 A White Oak about 2 feet diameter, on the hill on S. side of Tock- 

hockanetcunk ab't 14 eh. Valley about 4 chains wide. Good land on 

a branch. At 40 another valley— tolerable good laud Eastward of 

the line. 
104 A Spanish Oak ab't 1V£ feet diameter. Ground descends steep 

Northerly 75 Ls. S. S, E. of mile end. At 14 ch. a small run of water; 

at 50 a red oak marked, on top of the hill in the line. Last half 

mile good land. 
103 A hickory ab't 8 In. diameter. Ground desends Southerly. 
102 A heap of stones on a cluster of rocks on the Westerly side of a hill. 

A White Oak ab't 8 In. diameter about 18 Ls. Westerly of the stones. 

At 50 a brook about V£cli. wide issuing from Peipiest spring through 

the meadow— said spring about 20 ch: W. and said brook about 5 ch. 

above the meeting of another brook near as big— very difficult to 

get over. 

101 A White Oak ab't 12 In. diameter on the edge of a hill of limestone. 
100 A White Oak ab't 1 toot diameter, 6 feet S. S. W. of a heap of stones 

at the mile end. At 68 1'equest, 50 Ls. wide. N. B — the last half 

run through Robert Chapman's land. 
99 A hickory ab't 10 In. diameter on the S. by E. side of a large rock 

2 ch. Westward of the mile end. 
98. A hickory ab't 16 In. diameter, 2 ch. Northerly of a heap of stones. 

At 20 ch. tho brook Alamuche. 

It will not be necessary to follow these field-notes 
further, as nothing of greater interest than the mile- 
marks occur in the remaining few miles of the line 
through Sussex County. The surveyor records the 
fact that " every mile the true line inclines towards 
the random line GO^V links." The line-trees in the 
random line were marked with three notches on two 
sides. The side-trees were marked with one blaze 
looking towards the lines. The mile-trees were 
marked respectively with the number of each mile 
and with three notches on four sides. The course of 
the line is 9° 45' west, according to the magnetic 
position. 

IV.— TRANSFER OF ESTATES FROM EAST TO WEST 
JERSEY. 

The effect of the establishment of the partition-line 
between the eastern and western divisions of New 
Jersey was to unsettle many titles to lands which had 
previously been given by the respective proprietors. 
Many grants made by the West Jersey proprietors 
were found to be in East Jersey, and viae versa. It 
was, however, mutually agreed that in such instances 
equivalents should be given to the owners out of 
any of the unsurveyed lands on the other side of the 
partition-line, and this began to be carried into 
effect soon after the Lawrence line was surveyed. 
The minutes of the proceedings of the proprietors 



PARTITION LINK IJKTWKKX EAST AND WKST JKKSKV. 



45 



abound with Instances of such transfers, a few exam- 
ples of which we give from the Weal Jt rsej records, 
relating chiefly to Sussex < !ounty : 

" Fl BRUARl 17, 17-1'.. 

u Whereas, information was given to this board by John Beading, 

deputy snrveyor, thai two surveys formerly made byhlm, tl no for 

Samuel Novlll, of 1700 acres ; tho other foi Joseph Sacket,o1 
happen i" rail "ii the East Bide ol the line rnn by John Lawreucs for the 
division-line "f this province; therefore orovt - leave i < relo ute the like 
quantity ol land la - thor place ul the said Western division. 

" Granted accordingly.* 1 

"Ai oi bt8, 17-10. 

■'Information being given to this board by John Reading, Esq., thai 
the line run by John Lawrence cuts off a tract of land formerly sur- 
veyed i" Tl as Lambert, deceased, from the Western division; for 

whli b reason the devisees crave leave t.» relocate In some othi 
Mi' ml i division the quantity of acru« In liou there if. 

" Leave granted accordingly." 

"Arousi 7, 1762. 

"Thomus Wetherlll applied i" thla board for a warrant to tak< up26 

acres ol land, in Ilea of 26 acres, being tl i-fourth of 100 acres sur- 

rayed to Thomas Wotherlll, tsaac De Cow, John Lyon, and Gi i tli nn 
Mott, wbl ii by Hi'- running of the line between East ami West Jersey 
by John Lawrenco, lies on the Ensl Bide. John Reading, v- \ , assured 

thin l Hllin | Hiat lb- ah.. v.. J', anv* >1i.I fall tu the t.'.-t >bk ..! 

therefore a warrant was ordorod, which wtw granted accordingly." 

" Ft BRUAhY. I, 1757. 
"Joshua Opdlke laid before this board one survey of 1 10 ai i 

by San I Green for said Joshua Opdlke, situate in the County of Sussex, 

and Is recorded In B. B. 212, 213, which appears on the Baal side ol the 

tin.' i ,n i inti partite line run by John I.awriMn i- ; 7:1 ii'T.'H of which be baa 

mil b purchased an East Jersey propi letary right [to] and laid; therefore 

warrant to locate the same L40 acres elsewhere; and a 
was granted accordingly." 

" February 4, 1702. 
M The agent ol the London tympany, by John Beaumont, applied to 
tbl boar) I Di i wurmnt to rdiii-iitt' tlm inmiithy nf l.'.iiucn hi part of 
168 acres thai were formerly surveyed to the said Company In the Coun- 
ties "t" Sussex a in I Morris; which said land was laid oul to said Company 

so lime In tho yoai one thousand ieven hundred and forty, and re- 

■ orded In the Survoyor»genoral's office, In Mb. Ua. fol. 234, and upon the 
report of John Bo- khlll, deputy-surveyor, it appears thai 169 acres, pari 

thereof lletb to tho Eastward ol the Qu hi 1 1 partite I ; then I 

ordoredthal a warrant Issue from this Ixiard to the said Company, by the 
dlrei Huns of their agonta, for lo relocate the said quantity of 150 
A warrant was ordered, which wan gran to* I accordingly." 

We also take the following extracts from the war- 
rants and surveys of the Weal Jewej proprietors : 

i tract fl -.I ioi i surveyed for John Hnckett, the return where- 
of h dated Ifltli ol March, 1769, beginning al a stone corner, 11 bolng the 
Bouth Basl Corner ol a tract of land containing 400 

the said John Hackotl and sfainds neai oi In the tll< 
i.i ir tu M by John Law rence from thence, tc. Witness nay hand the I2tb 
day ol September, n&T ^ff 

"Dan[ki. Smith, Jus.. BurvfyofQ 
14 May the 9.11,1760, Inspected and approved bj tin Coun II, Ac, 

"J08I i-il IIOLI INOSIIBAD, ■ 

"Extract from Joshua Opdyku'i 63 acres and one-tenth, being at a 

heap of stones In the dlvUloii-llue between 1 i y; being 

■ il land rormorlj wrvi ye I to Kl< hard i ins, Ac , lo 

l heap of il - In the ul division-line, tin i ime South 

10 degrees But 12 oh. Witness my hand tho 7th 
1760. 

" DANII i Smiih, .Ii v. - 

'■ Fob. the 7th, 1700, luspw ted and approved b> the Council. 

" Will I VM II i i i IHQ 

•• Extract from 167 acres and slxty-two-hundredths, snrveyod for John 

Bprntt, lying upon the East ildeol Delaware river, beglntiliig whore a 

I m land ends upon the river, and where the upland i times t.. the 

river; beln ab ul ■ ii Indus ou a straight lino from the North partition 

of New Jersey, and I thence, Ac Wltui i my hand the ■ 

AugUBt, 1717. 

" JAMBS AirxvM.tr. Sui 

11 February tho otb, 1747. Inspected and approved of, and 
be ret orded. 

"Joai pn i i ■ 



•• ii . ii Jgrwtfft «. 

To the mrveyor-general ••( lands for Uie divisions aforesaid, 
or hi* lawful deputy, greeting : Sou, or eltlier ol you, are required t.< -m- 
vey !■■ aud for John Jobs the quantity of 31 '• acres "f land, auy where in 
the Western few J r,bolng'lawfully purchased of the In- 

dians, and doI befl rel red; which i- In lien "fa former sur- 

vey made and recorded, and now appears i" be In the I 
Dated the 0th of February, 1747. 

"Surveyed to John Spratt . nty -hundredths, beginning 

at the upper end of a piece of low bind upon the river Delaware when a 

high bill '..in. - to the river, at alawl 440 chains dlstanc i »• straight 

lui. frnm the North partition point of Now Jorsej ; and from ■■■ ■ 

Kin n ink- the river bears upwards upon a North course for 30 chains, with 

high cliffs on the West side of the river, and from tl 

gtnulng running &c.; M tare those which the Mng- 

tupsj pointed In the year 1710, Ihe variation bring then oleervrd 
at the North poi tltlon point to be eight degrees Westerly, w Ituess ui) 
hand tho 'M day of August, 1747. 

"James Alexander, flHrwyor-<?< 

"Inspected and approved uf, and urdurol to 

".Insult l)t: Cow, Clerk. 
I ""J, *•• 

■ Seal To the surveyor-general of lands for the proprietors of tlie di- 
vision at" : ron, or either of yon, are 
hereVj required to survey for William Coxe 1100 acres of land In any 
part of the Wi stern division <•! New Jersey, where lawfully purchased of 
the Indians and not before legally surveyed, it being in lieu and Instead 
id which he claims In virtue of the will of hi- father, 
Col. Daniel Coxe, and his brotlier John I oxe; the said 1100 acres Mug 
part of 1000 acres formerly surveyed t-- tin* said Oul. Daniel Coxe, and 
which I i i '-t .I.TM-y, within a former survey called the 
Pepacl Dated the 17th of August, 1754. 

" A wiirraul to John Scott, aud his wife 8 urafa who was legatee of John 
Dudd) the -inatiiity of 860 acres, In lion of the like quantity laid out for 
John Slmpklns In Ave surveys to the Eastward of the dlrUIon-Hue. 
Dated the 6th day "f August, 1766. 

"A warrant to John Opdyke, the quantity of 140 acres of land, any- 
where In West Jersey, In Hen of the like quantity sorveyod In I 
aoy. Dated the :i«l day of February, 1747. 

" ti v-/ ./. 

i indafoi the division of! n 

his lawful deputy, greeting: Sou, or either of you, are horebj 
to lay i .itb and survej ' ■ and fur William Coxe, Daniel Coxe, Bebecca 
Coxe, aud Grace Obxe the quantity of 670 acres .-r land,anywhere In the 
Weeteni division aforesaid, in Hen "i" so much cut "tl by tl"- Bast and 

I line on a in. i i.. i mei ly iuj vt yed to Col. O 
on tho Paulina KUI, In Bussex County. Doted tlieStli ol November, 1762. 

"Extracl ui i pj ed for John Em al b black 

oak itandlng bv Delaware river; beln I band f«r- 

tnorly surveyed to Joseph KIrkbrlde, thence down tb 
band tills 20th day of April, 1731. 

U JAMFI A I I \ \Mn U. S'l'i . j, ' " i.'riiCil. 

" Dnrllugton May 6th, 1731. luspected and approved the ah 
by the Uonu< il of proprietors, an l ordered to bo entered ou rec »rd. 

J. -its Hi Kit, OUrk, 
" Extracted from tho record In Lib. U, foil i 107, 

" WrUJtn 

- i i ithoMurvoyoi ^uoral of lands for the dlvb.b)n afurosald, 
orhki in wiui deputy, greeting : Tun, or either of you, are herebj requlre>l 
to lay forth and ran ay Ibr John Bmans 864 acres any where unappropri- 
ated in sold province, In Hen of the like quantity surrayod t 
Emans,nnd rocoi I Bast Jenny; wherein 

yon ai" toobsoi - and orders preacrlbed bj tb.- Cuum II of pru- 

dI lands, and make return for sni b parts 
thereof, thai shall be surveyed t.- Ihe noxl Obuui il after tho survny of the 
same; and t.-r yuu,oi eithei this shall be your mflb lent 

in tostlni iuy win ■! "i the Cbundl 

..f propriel lohn La>ld, \'.- |„prveldebl 

i it . U, ibli Sd daj 
the Ouuucll. 

"William Bewuxq, - 



it t.. Q ■ of Ool Coxe, 11 

i in .ii\ hdon *■( i* dd, lu li«''i 

-■f tho lik" quantity thai hi I'.aedtbw 

26th .'t 



46 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



"The foregoing are true Copies and extracts from the warrants ami 
books lodge at Burlington, in the surveyor-general's office for West Jer- 
sey. 

"RoBF.ltT Smith, Surveyor-General for West Jersey." 

V.— MOVEMENT FOR A NEW PARTITION-LINE. 

Up to the time of the settlement of the boundary- 
line between New Jersey and New York, in 1772, 
the quintipartite division of New Jersey was ac- 
cepted and acquiesced in by the proprietors of both 
the eastern and the western sections. In a petition 
presented to Governor Burnet, in August, 1725, the 
proprietors of West Jersey say, "That it is only by 
force of this agreement and partition, executed as 
aforesaid, that the proprietors of the Western division 
are limited to the Western part of the said province, 
on the side of the Delaware; and that the proprietors 
of the Eastern division are limited to the eastern part 
of the said province towards Hudson's river and the 
sea; for had no such division been agreed on, as is 
recited in all the respective deeds of conveyance to 
the proprietors, those of the Western division might 
with an equal right have claimed the lands towards 
Amboy, etc., and those of the Eastern might have 
claimed the lands towards Burlington. But the said 
Quintipartite indenture being executed as aforesaid, 
before the sales to the proprietors were made and re- 
cited in all the deeds of conveyance, became an abso- 
lute limitation, so that neither on the one part nor the 
other any purchaser could claim otherwise than ac- 
cording to that limitation, by which their lands were 
actually conveyed. 

" That notwithstanding this legal, clear, and abso- 
lute partition, which is binding on every proprietor of 
the Eastern division, and at least on all the nine- 
tenth parts of the Western division, sold by Edward 
Byllynge, or his trustees, and from which those who 
are skilled in law well know it is impossible legally to 
recede without the joint concurrence of every individ- 
ual interested in the purchases made under Edward 
Byllynge and trustees, and under Sir George Carteret ; 
for it is well known that no majority without the whole 
will in those cases determine the point ; yet there 
have been some persons found from time to time who, 
on partial views to themselves, have labored to intro- 
duce some other sort of division, and considerable 
numbers have been so far unhappily imposed upon as 
to imagine a change thereof might be practicable; 
from which unfortunate deception attempts have been 
made to alter it, and some lines for that purpose have 
been run and settlements thereupon made without 
due regard to the bounds of the respective divisions, 
which introduced such confusion that the value of 
lands near the boundaries have been much lessened 
and the people discouraged from making improve- 
ments, where the right to the soil itself was liable to 
be questioned as not lying within the division under 
which it was purchased." 

The petition from which the above extracts are 
taken is signed by "John Ladd, for himself and Col. 



John Allford; John Budd, for himself and Boulton ; 
John Kay, William Cooper, Francis Rawle, Jr., Charles 
Brogden, Samuel Lippincott, John Snowden, Jr., Isaac 
De Cow, for himself and Samuel Barker; Matthew 
Gardiner, Isaac Pearson, William Pancoast, William 
Biles, Isaac Watson, William Rawle, Thomas Sharp, 
for himself and John Dennis; John Estaugh, for the 
London Company; John and William Dimsdale, 
Peter Rich, Benjamin Hopkins andself ; William Bid- 
die, Hugh Sharp, Henry Hodge,_Robert Rawle, George 
Budd ; James Logan, for proprietors, — William Penn's 
family, 12; John Bellers, 1 ; Amos Stuttle, 1 ; myself, 
one-third; Richard, for Nath. Stanbury ; Mary Will- 
son." 

No formidable effort was made to change the Law- 
rence line for fifty years, or until after the boundary- 
line between New Jersey and New York had been 
settled. This line, as will appear in another chapter,* 
was established, not at the north station-point, as as- 
certained and denned in the tripartite indenture 
agreed upon by the commissioners both of New York 
and New Jersey, and in accordance with the express 
stipulation of the original grant of the Duke of York, 
but was brought down to the present termination of 
the State line on the Delaware at Carpenter's Point, 
taking off from New Jersey over two hundred thousand 
acres of land. When this line became fixed, the pro- 
prietors of the western division of New Jersey began 
to agitate the question of changing the quintipartite 
or partition-line to correspond therewith, alleging 
that, at whatever point the boundary-line terminated 
on the Delaware, the partition-line should terminate 
there also. Hence originated the proposed line of 
1775. In January of that year the proprietors of 
AVest Jersey presented a petition to His Excellency 
Governor Franklin and to the council and Assembly 
of New Jersey, praying that the partition-line so long 
established between the respective sections of the 
province might be changed. The petition set forth, — 

"That in and by a certain deed of indenture Quintipartite, made the 
first day of July, Aimo Dom. 1070, between Sir George Carteret, of the 
first part; William Penn, Esq., of the seennd part; Gawen Lawrie, of the 
third part; Nicholas Lucas, of the fourth part; and Edward Byllynge, 
of the fifth part, then sole owners and proprietors of the whole province 
of Now Jersey ; they the said Sir George Carteret, William Ponn, Gawen 
Lawrie, Nicholas Lucas, and Edward Byllynge did agroe to make a par- 
tition between them of the said province. 

" That in pursuance of the said agreement, an actual partition of the 
said Province was made between the said proprietors, and mutually re- 
leased to each other, viz. : One share or portion thereof to Sir Georgo 
Carteret, calloil East Now Jersey ; and the other part thereof to the said 
William Penn, Gawen Lawrie, Nicholas Lucas, and Edward Byllynge, 
called West New Jeisoy ; the line which said partition was by the said 
proprietors, parties to the said indenture Quintipartite, mutually under- 
stood, intended, agreed upon and fixed, to he a straight, line, to run from 
the most Northerly point or boundary of the province of New Jersey, on 
the Northernmost branch of the river Delaware, unto the most Southerly 
point of the East side of a certain inlet, harbor, or bay, on the sea coast 
of the province of Now Jersey, commouly called and known by the name 
of Little Egg Harbour." 

After reciting briefly the history we have gone over 
in a former part of this chapter, the petitioners say, — 



* Chapter XVII., on the "Boundary-Lino Centre 



I'AHTITION LINK IJKTWKKN i:\-T \NI> WEST JERSEY 



"That > r petitioners being the presont owners and pro] 

the B iM Weslei n division --I" New Jersey, under the aforesaid Byllynge 
and trustees; having long anxiously watted for an evenl whereby the 

t point of partition between the -~-» ■ - 1 divisions mlghl be permanently 

ii\.-.l and determl I, and which by the said lasl on 

Armed l.v his Majesty and Council, la now happily established, have fre- 
quently and presslngiy made overtures and proposals to the pi 

of the Eaatern division to have the wild Qnlntlpnrtlte l.i xactly and 

truly run . . . Your petltl ii - iberel ire . 'I" earnestly entroul the 

klml Interposition of r 1 1 .- logialature of thin pi mil t.> their 

wisdom i" frame and pass such h law for the Onal settlemeul i 
lino. . . ." 

This, mi account of the Revolutionary war, was 
laid over, and was never acted upon by the Legisla- 
ture. A petition of similar import and intent was 
presented to the Legislature in October, 1782, signed 
ii\ Joseph Reed, for the Weal Jersey Society and him- 
selfj Jonathan D. Sergeant, Clemen! Biddle, Daniel 
Ellis, and Ebenezer Cowell, "a committee specially 
appointed to this service by the Western proprietors." 
The proprietors of East Jersey sent in a counter-me- 
morial in June, 1783, setting forth the history of the 
Quintipartite Agreement and defending it as a final 
settlement of the partition-line in the words follow- 
ing: 

"That Charles the Second, aa King of England, was entitled to the 
■■"in m of North America, Ironi 1 1 1.- north lniiin.lv of twenty-live de- 
grees to sixty-seven and a half degrees, hy vlrti i the Brsl discovery 

hikI sutaequenl possession thereof bj subjects of the Crown of England, 

authorized; which right then was and always since hat I 

nuiversallj in. I is the foundation of every title lu laud 

within 11. i. State 

"Tlmt Charles the S I, beln ctitl 

■'" «. Dake "i" Ifork, all that true', of country which now comprehends 

the States ..f New lurk and New Jersey. 

"Tlmt the r fork, being ■ Iced, did on the 24th of Juno, 

Mm. by propi i deed and acu In lav ..... and convey to John 

Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret, their heirs and assign 

pari ol the said tract, lying and being to the Westward ol Ne« Ifork 

island, and bounded "ii the Must by the main sea and Uudson*a river, on 

the South l.v ti cean, on UieVr'esI by Delaware bay and iiv.-r. ami 

extending ' Northward aa far aa the Sorthormost braucfa >>i the said bay 
or river of Delaware, which is In n degreea and 10 minutes of latitude; 

andfromthe In a straight lineto Hudson's river.lu II degrees of 

latitude,' which sai.l tracl was afterwards known by t ii ■ ■ nam 
i Sesarea, .-r N.-u Jersey. 

"Tl.at Lord Berkley being so seized of an nndlvidod molty.or half 
. f, <li. I .... the Isih "f March, 1073, convoy Ihi 
John Fotiwlok in i.-.-. in trust for Edward Byllange; and thai Uie said 

John F.-n Mi.k.. hi the iOtli of Mar. b,lG74,dl I dlroc- 

nid lu conjunction with the said Edward Byllange, convej the 
snkl undivided muity, or half pari of Now Jersey, unto William Peun, 
i iwrle, and Nicholas Lucas, in trust liu Hi" ~ i i . I Edward Byl- 
lynge, excepting and reserving a tenth part ol the said nndlvlded molty 
I., the said John Fenwi k, bl thai the Mild John 

Peuwlck .li.l convey the aforesaid tenth pari ofsnid undivided midiy unto 
John Bldrldgeand Edmund Warner, who afterwardi 

onto the laid William Pcnn, n I iwrli , and Nl 

liettor to enable them, In nudum i with the -.ni Edward Byllynge, to 

make parUllou ..i ti utlre provl 

(ait. -nt. 

"That William Ponn, Gnwou Lawrle, Nicholas Lui is, and Edward 

Byllynge, being thus ~.i/.-l..r Lord Berkley's undivided i ty.oi in.ir 

part, entered ill went with Sir G go Carteret fui tho peril. 

Iluu of the wholo tract, aud accordingly a division waa made ami .-. Hue 
of partition settled by an in irtlte, dated tho 1 

1676, by which .1 1 the parties thereunto after expressly dei laring that 

the said tract granted as aforesaid by the Dnko ol I irk, extends t.. the 
Northward as far as the Norlhennosl brauch of tlie bay rer Dela- 
ware, which U in 41 dograee aud HI liin.nl. . I.im.ii... 

thai the Ii i partitl in shall t- a iti dghl ii lown from Ilia im-t 

Northerly point, or bonndary, on Delaware, of the said tracl granted as 



tn the must Southwardly point oi I Little Egg 

ITju-boiir, and all the parts, shares, or i-.ni....- ..i ih- said tract t-. the 

Eastward of the said Hi f purtlli ire Irj the wild 

Bmied and oouveyeil unto Ik ('nrterel : ami tn I 

manlier all the |iarti ..f the asld tract tn the Westward of the said Hue 

sal 1 Willi.,,,, !• 
Nicholas Lucas, aud Edward Byllynge. 

"Thai the Qnlutlinrtlte •! I having fully established the dii 

the province, both S 'I and tlie Western proprli 

tented themselves with kunwlnic tlie pea ti a. .,i tl xtrc points- wllh- 

, ■ ih.- Intermediate line, a- thore was llttl 

thai ti ; few, If any, of the scttlei i- .r Mirveya extending so fur 

back in ih-' country a- 1.. render the rxai t track "I the Hue m-.-cssary to 

!„■ km. «ii. 

"Tlmt he Oth ur August, 1080, the Dill f V.rk did by granl con- 

flrm the provl t w.-i .l.-r-.-v unto the -..hi Edward Byllyi . 

Hum Peun.Gawen Lawrle, Mcholas I. .John Eldridge,and Edmund 

Hug i ■ th-ir several [Nirts or portions, ami i ■ 

grant lix.s the North bounds nu the Kortlii-rnii st branch of Delaware in 
the hiiii.nl.. ..i ii degrees and In minutes, and re Iting ..ml referring to 
ih. Quintipartite .1 1 i:ive* I he limits acrordliigly. 

"That sii George i an. -rei by his last "ill ami testament divided his 
. -t.il.. in New Jersey to certain trustees therelu named, with dl 

tosell ih- s. in.-; that i ordiugly it was sold by them on tho ! 

rnaiy, 1082, to William Peun ami eleven others, . sell >i whom 

after sold n midty of the samo unto It it Barclay and olevei 

which twenty-four persons constituted the general proprietoi 

J indiiuderwh by mosue coiiveyaui ;ists ami 

others ih-- proprietors of East Jersey now In. 1. 1. 

" That on the 14th of March iuthi J, the Duke of York, 
by grant, did auto couflnn the right ol the said twenty-four |s-i>..n». pro- 
pi letun i.. East New Jeraey, ami in the same ler r.-. Iting the North 

is Is. fixes tin m a- 1. .fur the N. nth. i in -i branch ..f Delaware, in 

laiitu.le-ii degrees ami 40 minutes, aud referring to the Quintipartite 
-1 i. gives it"- - nu.- limits ami i. am. i- i- hk then m mentioned. 

" That in proi ess ..I time, the country Mug more popnloui 
settlements ui ire nnmerona, linn Ii uueiudneas was " 

a i] h null— attempts i." dlvl -in- thi | 

and West Jorsey, and ruiiniiig the 11 f partition; in 

..I ih.- precise up ■' nol belug ascertained where the Nortli station p ilu| 

in the latitude of 41 degrees ami 1 Itiulea would ; thai tu r.t ly these 

evils ii..- l.-i-l.i i!..- 27th "t March, 1719, |> I a lawful tin 

runulng and ascertn Hue, and for the preveutii 

further disputes c niug tin- -.nn.-; win ind con- 

firmlug ii." Q I minis*! rs ..r mauagen 

pointed both IV the Eastern and Western divisions for raising ami 

collecting from 'in- different proprietors, a. conllitg to their shat 
properly, such - - of money as s 1 , ...i.i i.. i - ., defray- 
ing ii xinnse uf fliultiiii Hi- Nortli -i .ii m pohil up in Del 

of running the necaaarj Huesul partltiou." 

Tin- mi-ill. .rial thru goes on i" recite in brief the 
history which we have already given relating tn the 
finding, marking, establishing, and recording tin' 
in .rih station- point, the running of the Lawrence line 
therefrom to the designated point at Little Egg Har- 
bor, in September and October, 1743, and its accept- 
ance as an absolute settlement by the proprietors both 
of East and Wi Jersi Them morialists then give 
the following interesting bit of history respecting tho 
settlement of the boundary-Hue with New Ynrk : 

"That the illvWnn-lliie between Ihe provlu K 

lung nn... nn.- hi. .1. !■> reason of tlie latitudeof u 
. Hiii-.n's Itlver n"t being proiierly ascertained; an 

!■ in ii . i .usiuus "i ... i. i ni> !-■ He- prop- 
erty and 1 Ions ul ii ther, wherebj lueh distnrl 

!• n. in ui.- 1 .ti ih,. lorders ..r both pruvli 

the int.i|--iii ni • "|s.ii in ih.- year 

. 1 in until proi ■ t.-r -nl. milling the pi 

Britannic M..).-.t> slioiild thluk proper. 

••Thai lii - Majotrj Ibonghl 

proper to a|»pulnl - . tiers fin Ihe detent 

nutters in ,ii-i ule; who meeting al Xoe Ifork on Hie lethol .' 






43 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



did determine tlint the boundary-line between tlie two provinces should 
he a stiaight and direct line from the month of Mahackaiuack. on its 
junction with the Fishkill, or Delaware, to the latitude of 41 degrees on 
11 ud-ou's river. 

"That the said controversy with New York then was deemed, as it al- 
ways hefore had been since the year 1719, on/;/ to ajl'eet the property of the 
proprietors of East Jersey and those holtling liuder thew : insomuch that the 
then legislature, upon application made by the Eastern proprietors, re- 
fused to defray from the public treasury any part or portion of the ex- 
pence of settling the said bounilar.v-line; and the West Jersey proprietors 
thought themselves so little interested in the settling thereof that they 
even refused to join in the said application to the legislature, declaring 
that their stations were already fixed and that so they must remain ; by 
which means the proprietors of East Jersey were solely burtheued with 
tlie great charge and expence of settling the said boundary, and which 
amounted to more than the sum of six thousand pounds, although the ex- 
pellees of their opponents in the province of New York were defrayed by 
the public at large. 

"That by tlie said determination and decree of the Commissioners at 
New York, the Baid boundary-line terminated on Delaware at a different 
place from the station agreed on in 171!), to tlie surprise and astonishment 
of many; though others endeavored to account for it by tlie Commis- 
sioners all being crown officers and some of them notoriously under its 
influence, and that this new station gave large tracts of land to the gov- 
ernment of New York, to grant as it thought proper, and which it has 
since done. 

" That the proprietors of East Jersey very much disapproved of the said 
alteration on Delaware Iliver, but as they imagined, as they stili do and 
always shall, that it only affected them with respect to the boundary with 
New York, they, after much dispute thereon, did on certain conditions 
acquiesce, knowing the little probability of better success in a future 
contest between private individuals on the one part and a loyal govern- 
ment on the other. 

"That the said alteration of tlie boundary on Delaware cut off from 
East Jersey near two hundred thousand acres of land,* which had always 
been esteemed part of New Jersey, in every transaction respecting the 
same, from the first grant thereof by the Duke of York to the late deter- 
mination and decree ; and that the East Jersey proprietors submitted to 
these losses and hardships, although very grievous and vexatious; hoping 
that thereby there would be a termination of a tedious, disagreeable, and 
expensive dispute, and that from thence forward they would enjoy peace 
and tranquility." 

With regard to the new line of partition proposed 
by the western proprietors, the memorialists say, — 

" That supposing the quantity of lands surveyed by the Western pro- 
prietors to tho Eastward oftlie Quiu tipartite line, run by Lawrence, to be 
equal to the quantity surveyed by the Eastern propi ietors to the Westward 
thereof, then, if a settlement was to take place in which the pretended 
line was to be deemed the true one, the Eastern proprietors would have 
to render an equivalent for all lands surveyed in the said angle before 
the year 1719, which lands so surveyed would amount to many thousand 
acres, and which quantity as an equivalent by the said act might bo lo- 
cated by the Western proprietors on any lauds whatsoever surveyed since 
the year 1719, and also on many tracts surveyed before that time, and 
sold as aforesaid, many years ugo to bimajide purchasers. 

"Your memorialists therefore first beg leave to observe that, as tlie 
assigns of Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley were each entitled to 
moities, or equal half parts of New Jersey, so it was therefore intended 
that the line of partition should make tho two divisions equal ; and this 
was tho idea and intention of tlie contracting parties to the Quintipartite 
deed ; hut from tlie ignorance and infant knowledge of those times with 
respect to the geography of this country, they imagined that the division 
in i bo said deed made, from tho North station point, in the latitude of 41 
degrees and 40 minutes, to Little Egg Harbour, would nearly effect that 
o'jeit.ns in those days every ouo expected that the same North point 
would bound the claims of Now York ; that this idea and opinion that 
tlie divisions wore and ought to be equal to each other was maintained 
and preserved for many years alter tho execution oftlie Quintipartite 
deed, and was never once doubted or opposed until Dr. Coxo, who had 
purchased some shales of West Jersey propriety, about the year 1087, 
maintained to tho contrary." 



Two hundred and ten thousand acres, sworn to by Edward llauckor, 
, hefore J.mics Duaue, Esq., mayor of Now York, July -2S, 17S4. 



The memorialists conclude their petition by hoping 
" that it will be evident to all that there cannot be 
any just ground or pretense for the late claim of the 
West Jersey proprietors, and that it would be much 
more consonant to reason and equity if, since the late 
determination and decree at New York, the proprie- 
tors of East Jersey were to demand a part of what has 
hitherto been deemed West Jersey. . . . For since 
two hundred thousand acres of land, which by the 
said division were intended to be part of East Jer- 
sey, have been taken from the same, whereby the 
equality of the two divisions has been destroyed, . . . 
your memorialists, the proprietors of East Jersey, are 
advised that they have a just and equitable claim to 
demand and receive from the West Jersey proprietors 
the quantity of one hundred thousand acres, being the 
one-half of the said quantity cut off as aforesaid by 
the New York boundary-line." 

VI.— THE KEITH LINE. 

The straight line on the map of New Jersey extend- 
ing from the eastern side of Little Egg Harbor to the 
South Branch of the Earitan, forming in part the 
bounds of the counties of Burlington, Monmouth, 
Middlesex, and Somerset, is known as the Keith 
line. In 1683 an agreement was entered into be- 
tween Robert Barclay, Governor, and the proprietors 
of East Jersey, on the one part, and Edward Byllinge, 
Governor, and proprietary of West Jersey, on the 
other part, for running the partition-line between 
their respective divisions, by which agreement the 
deputy Governors were authorized to make as "equal 
a division of the said province as they can." Accord- 
ingly, in pursuance of the said agreement, Lord Niell 
Campbell, Governor, and Capt. Andrew Hamilton 
and John Campbell, of East Jersey, and John Shene, 
deputy Governor, and Samuel Jennings, Thomas 
Olive, George Hutchinson, Mahlon Stacy, Thomas 
Lambert, and Joseph Pope, of West Jersey, all of 
whom were proprietors of their respective divisions, 
and by their conduct acquiescing in the said equal divis- 
ion, did enter into bonds to stand to the award of John 
Beid and William Emley, who were appointed to de- 
termine the said line of partition, and " who accord- 
ingly did award that the said line should run from 
Little Egg Harbor North Northwest and 50 minutes 
more Westerly," which was more than twelve degrees 
to the westward of the quintipartite or Lawrence line, 
and was so run because "John Reid and William 
Einley, as well as the parties to the said bonds, were, 
by living in New Jersey, better acquainted with the 
quantity of land in each division than the parties to- 
the quintipartite deed." The line so awarded was 
afterwards run, in 1687, by George Keith, surveyor- 
general of New Jersey. 

VII.— A FEW ATTESTED FACTS AND FIGURES. 
AVe append herewith a statement of the quantity of 
land in the respective divisions of New Jersey, and 



sksskx and waukkn COUNTIES IX Tin-; revolution. 



49 



the difference in each according to the different lines 
of partition, fixed and proposed, made from actual 
survey and attested upon oath : 

" The nngle or gore ol laud which Kiwi l-^t in the controversy with New 
xorkani its to about 210,1 

"Tin- roms of land in New Jersey, doing 1 1 ..- whole 

inn t of Hi- si,it.-. i, hi. nit 1, 175,070a! ree. 

re, supposing a lino was drawu dividing the State into two 
equal Imlf parts, and whioh would i"- the Inn- ol |tartl 
tween Bail and West Jersey, each division would then contalu 

i.i t 2,187,8 

Ing Keith's Hi..-, extended t.. tin- Delaware River, t.. lie tin lino 
ol partition between East and Westjersoy. The quantlt* 
in Boat Jersey would then i-- about 2,21 1,8 

"Tin. quantity in Wort Jorsoy.. 2,161 

"Ami Bast Jersey would then contain *.:),8!io acres more than SVi t Jer- 
sey.' 

"Supposln line to be the line of partition. Thoquantlty 
of laud In West Joraej would then i-- about 2,638,61 I i 

"The quantity In Bust Jersey 1,680, 

"And West Jereey would then '--111.1111 1,003,380 acres more than East 

tin 1. prop --.-.I line 

of 177.".! 1.. be the II r partition. Thoqnantltj ■ .1 land in Wort 

Jersey would then be about 3,110,21 

"Tin- qnantlty in But Jersey I. 65,710 acres. 

"And West Jersey would Lb acres more than East 

Jersey.) 

"Tin- i.iikIo or goro of land between Kcitii's and Lawrence's line c in- 
tuliiB aunt 

"Thonngl ice's line and a Hue to be drs 

the Malm. kiunii.-K would contain about 428, 

'■ r.isMin.llv ii|i]n>itt"il In.!'. 11.. in.- .lain.-- I ».i.» . .■-. I -i t , Mil\ I III., I ily 

of New York, Evort Baucker, Jun., one of the surveyors ol thlsclty.ap- 
painted by authority, who belnicduly sworn on the Holj Evaugcllsts ol 

Almighty God, deposeth nil -nil., lint he, this do] int, has with groat 

care and attention made the calculations 1 comparisons It 

n peeling thu quautlty of hind coutui I in Now Jersey, and In 

tin- angles or g ires made bj tin- dlffereitl lines in tin- said c putatlon 

nil-nil 1; ili.'t the above c putatlon wus made T\ 

Uap, compiled the mosl pari 11 im actual survey ; and that lit- 
doth verily believe tin- number --i acres above specified i ■ be s 

"ii'iii.ii 1 made from Slaps il tliat scale will admit ; aud that 

■ led I-- .-1 diminished from - 

"Sworn this 28th day of .Inly. 178*. 

" BVOKT l'.ANi Kin, .Inn. 

"J AMIS In im', Uayor." 



oil A PT I'.i: VIII. 

SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE 
REVOLUTION. 

I.— Tin-: SITUATION in irri ami it:;.. 
Si ssex t'.'i \iy being undivided at tin- time •■! 
the Revolution, our history of thi- period will of 
course cover the territory now included in Warren 
County, This large and respectable portion of New 
Jersey was perhaps more exposed than any other to 
tin- savage allies of Great Britain during thi struggle 
for independence, owing to its frontier situation along 
tin- Delaware River, which had been tin- theatre of 
a u a.-k- n 1 -I in 1 In infant settlements during tin- lattrr 
part of the colonial period. Here, however, had been 

• Ami '.'.-.■'I". 11, ..- 1, i. -1. - 11. 11.1 1. ... - I, .ill' .-l tl 

t Ami 501,006 in res more than - -i...it ol tbs st..t.-. 

, Ind I ...I. "in ball I I 



nurtured a brave and hardy people, whose expi 
in savage warfare had rendered them familiar with 
military discipline ami the use ..t' arms. They were 
. moreover, who bad inherited from their 
Huguenot, Dutch, Scotch-Irish, and Puritan ai 
tor- a native love of liberty, ami who were not with- 
out -1. nn training in tin- ideas ami principles of self- 
government. 

Stn-h were tin- people of these counties when the 
premonitory notes of the Revolution began to be 
sounded in 1771. They were about thirteen thousand 
in number, and ha. I among them men capal 
taking tin- lead in any emergency, a- well a- a large 
majority who were ready to follow wherever patriot- 
ism ami duty might call them in support of a cause 
which was then uniting the people of everj colony in 
resistance to the oppressive measures of the British 
government. It may In- said, in general terms, that 1/ 
the people of thi- portion of New Jersey wore as 
patriotic, forward, and active, both in tin- incipient 
stages of tin- struggle and in tin- actual conflict of 

arm-, a- any portion of tin- province, or. imi 

any portion ..f tin- colonies at large. Leading men of 
these counties were represented in the first move- 
ments looking to the establishment of a general body 
which should exercise advisory jurisdiction over / 
public affairs during tin- crisis that all felt was im- 
pending. 

Tin- resolutions adopted in 1771 by the several 
counties of New Jersey were very Bimilar in tone and 
form, and very much like those adopted generally by 

towns and counties throughout the colonies. Those 

passed bj a meeting of citizens of Sussex County 
•.'.il drawn up by Hon. John Cleves Symmes, of 
Walpack, afterwards a colonel in the army, a member 
of the 1 lontinental Congress, and a judge of tin- Su- 
preme Court "f New Jersey. We find these resolu- 
tion- recorded as follows : 

-I --1.X 1 iil'NTV III -oil Tlo\- 

" At 11 meeting --f a uumbar >>t freeholders and Inhabitants <-f the 
County of Sussex, In the Pi sy, at tin- Court 11 

County, -I. Si.tni.iu>, th.- 16th 1.1 July, \.i>. 1774, 
" Hugh Hit ■ bail man. 

ad, That it la our duty to rondel nn. -iiml faithful 1.; 

port and maintain 
tBti i.ii.nii- 
dei tii.- enjoyment ul ■ inal i Ighbi .nut prli 

lyonr right to bo taxed only by our 
owi isent, glvon by ourasri . lor our K> prosentaUvt - ; mil that the hate) 

A I- ■-! Pal li in-ill : u r.-v- 

.-nil.- ill An. no III fO] Shutting lij. tin | ul Of 

! ; , ■ llration 

. .nil that tlo- Boatonjani ui.'...ii-1'l.-i.-n.v mnasuf- 
d it..- general 1 au 1 

1 f thia meeting that annneaa and 

> Ira Im* 

lions aa 
i| polntsjd 
by tlo. 1 Solonti - . may 1 ■■ tl.- most efl 
-{era thai are justly apprehend .j.taand 

- of America. 
" III. J. Ill join, Willi th" |,Tiv>t.-.t - I..- rf.illno, the 

othar II llhikoM 

f 1 .in . tli 1 : ] lace oatboy shall appoint, iuordor 



50 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



to choose proper persons to represent this Province in a General Congress 
of Deputies sent from each of the Colonies. 

" 5th. Resolved, That we will faithfully ami strictly ailhere to such reg- 
ulations and restrictions as shall he agreed upon by the members of said 
Congress, and that shall by them he judged expedient and beneficial to 
the good of the Colonies. 

" 6th. Resolved, That the Commiltee hereafter named do correspond and 
consult with the Committees of the other counties in this Province, ami 
meet with them in order to appoint Deputies to represent this Province 
in General Congress. 

" 7th. liewlced, That we do appoint the following gentlemen our Com- 
mittee for the purpose above mentioned : Hugh Hughes, Nathaniel Pet- 
tit, Thomas Van Home, Thomas Anderson, Archibald Stewart. Abia 
Brown, John B. Scott, Esquires, Messrs. E. Duulap, Mark Thompson, 
William Maxwell." 

The provincial convention to which the above- 
named delegates were appointed convened at New 
Brunswick on July 23, 1774, when the persons named 
in the following commission were duly chosen to rep- 
resent the province of New Jersey in the General 
Congress which convened in Philadelphia, Sept. 5, 
1774: 

" To James Kiuscy, William Livingston, John De Hart, Stephen Crane, and 
Richard Smith, Esq*., and each and ecery of you : 
"The Committees appointed by the several counties of the Colony of 
New Jersey to nominate Deputies to represent the same in the General 
Congress of Deputies from the other Colonies in America, convened at 
the City of New Brunswick, have nominated and appointed, and hereby 
do nominate and appoint, you aud such of you Deputies to represent the 
Colony of New Jersey in the said General UongreBs. 

"In testimony whereof the Chairmen of the said several Committees 
have hereunto set their hands, this twenty -third day of July, in the four- 
teenth year of the reign of our sovereign Lord George the Thud, and in 
the year of our Lord, 1774. 
" Signed : 

" William P. Smith. Jacob Fori). 

"John Moob.es. Robert Johnson. 

" Robert Field. Robert Friend Price. 

" Peter Zabriskie. Samuel Tucker. 

" Edward Taylor. 1-Ii.ndrick Fisher. 

" Archibald Stewart.* Thomas Anderson.* 

" Abia Brown.* Mark Thompson."* 

At this date, although the people of the colonies 
were ardently fired with the spirit which subsequently 
brought forth the Declaration of Independence, and 
were determined to maintain their rights as British 
subjects, a separation from the mother-country was 
not contemplated. The first Continental Congress, 
which convened in September, 1774, and that which 
followed it, in May, 1775, breathed an earnest desire 
to settle the controversy amicably, and the cry for 
reconciliation and redress was continued with more 
or less frequency until it was lost in the " clash of 
resounding arms." The blood spilt at Concord and 
Lexington convinced the people that all attempts at 
reconciliation were futile, and cemented the colonies 
in one grand and united purpose to declare and main- 
tain their independence. 

The last visible link connecting the people of Sus- 
sex and Warren with royalty was broken by the 
action of the board of freeholders in the following 
order, adopted May 10, 1775: 

" Ordered, That the Sherilf bo paid the sum of four pounds, it being 
money advanced by him to discharge the Judges' expenses of two Su- 

* Members of the convention from Sussex County, including that por- 
tion now embraced in Warren. 



preme Courts; and this Board orders that, from henceforth no Judges' ex- 
penses shall be paid by this County." 

This was simply giving the Crown-appointed judges 
of the county notice to quit, — that from henceforth 
their services were not desirable and would not be 
paid. This has been called Sussex County's declara- 
tion of independence. Certainly it has the merit of 
being brief and thoroughly practical. 

If.— "THE SPIRIT OF '76." 
The spirit of New Jersey at this time, no less than 
that of the whole country, is well set forth in the 
following extract : 

" They had tried petitions in vain ; now they would 
try powder. The Provincial Congress in that year 
ceased petitioning the king of Great Britain, but 
continued to press their petitions on the ' King of 
kings' in behalf of ' the lives and properties, the re- 
ligion and liberties, of their constituents, and of their 
remotest posterity.' Accordingly, the ministers of 
Trenton were invited to officiate, ' in order that the 
business of the day might be opened with prayer for 
the above purposes.' In that Congress you will 
notice the names of Chetwood, Boudinot, Ogden, and 
Van Cortlandt, of Essex ; Nathaniel Heard and 
Schurman, of Middlesex; William Hard, William 
De Hart, Jonathan Stiles, Peter Dickinson, Jacob 
Drake, Elias Cook, and Silas Condit, of Morris ; 
Frederick Frelinghuysen and Heudrick Fisher, of 
Somerset; Archibald Stewart, Edward Dumont, Wil- 
liam Maxwell, and Ephraim Martin, of Sussex; with 
good men too numerous to mention from these and 
other counties. Whether they adopted the rule which 
was in force in the Assembly in 1672, I do not learn, 
— 'that every member of the House shall during the 
debate behave himself with gravity and decency ; 
and any member who during any debate shall deviate 
from the subject-matter thereof, or attempt to ridicule 
any other member on the contrary side of the matter, 
shall pay half a crown.' But, with or without rules, 
these men did behave with gravity and decency, and 
went to work as men who had not merely the ' re- 
ligion and liberties of their constituents in their 
keeping,' but the ' remotest posterity' also. Every 
resolution was like the full pulsation of liberty, which 
was then beating in the heart of America. ' The 
high and mighty exalted William Franklin, 'f as 
Philip Livingston, Jr., called the Governor of New 
Jersey, tried to rein them up, but found that the peo- 
ple had fed so lustily on what they called ' popular 
rights' as in mettlesome mood to take the bit in their 
teeth and run where and as fast as they listed, the 
driver to the contrary notwithstanding. AVithout 
consulting the Governor, they organized regiments 
and commissioned officers, and, among others, ' the 
field-officers of the first regiment of Sussex County. 'J 

| Governor Franklin soon became an open loyalist, and was deposed 
from his office. 
t Oct. HO, 1776.— Prov. Cong, N. J., p. 00. 



SUSSEX .VXD WARREN COUNTIES IX THE UKVOUTIoX. 



51 



Saltpetre was at a premium, and they wanted it to 

' I mi i hantable saltpetre,' bo that the powder 

made from it would nol 'hang fire.' Moreover, their 

dings were enlivened by sundry evidences thai 
Hew Jersey abhorred Tories ami was successful ;,, 
bringing some of them to repentance. These sturdy 
men were nol careful to inquire whether the Tor) 
was a minister, an esquire, or anybody else. Two 
esquires in Sussex were thus dealtwith. [faTory, 
he must repent or perish. Meanwhile, the people of 
Sussex astounded this Congress by two petitions, 
signed by a great number of persons, praying thai 
'all who pay taxes may be admitted to vote.' The 
farmers of Essex also showed some signs to I"- con- 
sidered in petitioning that 'money at interest, law- 

'■.. be taxed.' li also appears thai the farmers 
of .Morris County had been so greatly agitated by 

the 'alarming account of the kittle of Lexington' 

as to incur a debl of one hundred and eight; pounds 
'in raising of minute-men, in May last.' The lathers 
pf Sussex County showed 'an eye to the main chance' 
in petitions to restrain shopmen from raising the 
price of their goods. In fact, the whole province 
was in a ferment: Tories were called to repentance; 
strollers, vagabonds, horse-thieves, and other pui- 
ummarily abated; the freemen ol the 
State gathered around the altar of Liberty, and 

'pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred 
honor' to the defense and triumph of popular rights. 
They hardly knew what was to conic of it; but, 
paving put their hand to the plow, they did not look 
back." 

HI.— SUSSEX C00NT1 COMMITTEE OF SAFETY. 

Sussex County was nol slow in organizing. Com- 
mittees i i § if: t ■■ were esl i 1 lished in all her townshij s. 

Delegates fr these formed a County Committee of 

Safety, w hie h met in the court-house at Newton once 
a month. The proceedings of this committee, with the 
exception of the minutes of a single meeting, found 
and preserved by the late Benjamin B. Edsall, Esq., 
have unfortunati lj been lost. We quote Mr. Edsall's 
remarks respecting this document, and the leading 
facts derived from it, found in his " Centennial Ad- 
dress," as follows : 

"This committee exercised a general supervision 
over the township organizations, provided means for 

promoting the popular cause, ami procured the oath 

Of abjuration to be administered to everj citizen of 

the county, carefully noting down the name- of those 

who refused, with the grounds upon which they based 
such refusal, and causing the recusant- to be pre- 
sented by the grand inquest of the county, to the cud 
that they might appear in court and openly recant or 
give bonds for their peaceable behavior. The minutes 
of the sittings of this impor'ant committee were can- 
fully written out for the information of subordinate 
committees, and, with a little care, might have been 
preserved; but, like the great mass of local memoranda 



which now would he este >med invaluable, they appear 
to have been regarded as possessing merelj an ephem- 
eral interest, and were thrown aside as so much rub- 
bish SO BO in as they had answered the immediate 
purpose in hand. I esteem it peculiarly fortunate 

that, amid the general destruction of these import- 
ant papers, the minute, of one of tfa early meetings 
of the county committee have been preserved and are 
now in my possession. I found the manuscript among 
some loose papers in the clerk's office, cast aside »• of 
no account, and left to moulder undisturbed amid 
dust and cobwebs. The proceedings which this 

ancient document discloses took place at the BeSsiOO 

of the County Committee of Safety held at the court- 
house Oil the loth and 11th days of August, 1775. — 

about eleven mouth- before the declaration of inde- 
pendence was made by the representatives of the 
United Colonies. At this meeting delegates ap- 
peared from all the town-hips except Hardyston, — 
viz., William Maxwell, Benjamin McCullough, and 
James Stewart, of Greenwich; Edward Demont, Sam- 
uel I Iazlet. and William 1 l.lunan, of Mansfield ; John 

I.owry, John McMurtry, and William White, of Ox- 
ford; Abraham Besherrer, Nathaniel Drake, and 
Andrew Waggoner, of Knowlton; Casper Shafer, of 
llardwick; Archibald Stewart. Robert Price, John 
Stoll, Thomas Anderson, Jacob McCollum, Philip 
I lodderer, and Jacob Stoll, of Newton : Jacob I tewitt 
and Joseph llarkcr, of Wantage; Abraham Van 
Campen, Daniel Depue, Jr., Moses Van Campen, 
Joseph Montague, Emanuel Hover, John C Symmes, 
and John Rosenkrans, of Walpack; Samuel West- 
brook, Abraham Brokaw, and Henry Hover, of San- 
dyston; Henrj W. Cortright ami John Cortright, of 
Montague. William Maxwell, of Greenwich, was 

chosen chairman, and Thomas Anderson, of Newton, 

clerk. Returns were called for from the several town- 
ship- of the names of those who refused to sign the 
Articles of Association for the respective townships. 

In Greenwich seven persons were returned a> having 

refused to sign, font of whom were Quakers, who de- 
clared it to be against their conscience to take up 
arms; one gave no reason, and the remaining two 
would " take time to consider.' From Mansfield two 
na s were returned, but no reason for refusal as- 
signed, [n Sandy-ton all signed except two, 'who 
are willing t" do so when opportunity offers.' In 

Montague every citizen signed, and in Wantage all 
agreed except Joseph Haven- and one or two more 
Quakers, 'who are Whigs and are willing to eon- 
tribute.' Tl thcr towns, says the record, ' not 

having had the Association particularly carried to 

the inhabitant-, ordered that the committee of said 
town- wait upon ibe people and make return at the 

next meeting of the committee.' 

"What report w a- made from 'the other tow n-' is 
not now known, but may be inferred from the returns 

ju-t given. The-e items afford us an insight into the 

stale of feeling which pervaded the county at that 



52 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



early stage of the conflict, and conclusively refute 
the gross imputations which have been recklessly and 
maliciously cast upon the patriotism of our Revolu- 
tionary citizens. 

"At this meeting means were taken to raise by tax 
the county's quota of ten thousand pounds,* ordered 
by the Provincial Congress of New Jersey for the 
purpose of raising money to ' purchase arms and am- 
munition, and for other exigencies of the province.' 
Casper Shafer was appointed collector of the county, 
to take charge of the funds to he ■ raised under the 
authority of the Committee of Safety. It was also 
ordered ' that the captains of the respective companies 
of militia send an account to the next meeting of the 
committee of all persons upwards of sixteen and 
under fifty years old in their several districts who re- 
fuse to sign the muster-rolls, that their names may be 
forwarded to Provincial Congress.' 

" Capt. John McMurtry and Lieut. William White, 
of Oxford township, being desirous to go to Boston, 
where the Americans were rallying under the stand- 
ard of Washington, then just appointed commander- 
in-chief of the Continental forces, requested the com- 
mittee to certify as to their ' place of abode, charac- 
ter, and reputation,' which was at once complied with. 

"On motion, it was 'Resolved, nem. con., That any 
person thinking himself aggrieved by any merchant 
or trader in this county taking an exorbitant price for 
any article of goods make application to the chair- 
man of the town committee where' such merchant or 
trader resides, who is to call a meeting of said com- 
mittee as soon as convenient thereafter, which said 
meeting is to consist of five members at least. And 
the said committee, when convened, shall notify the 
said merchant or trader to appear and show why he 
has taken so great a price ; and if it shall appear that 
he has taken an unreasonable profit, or shall refuse to 
attend or give any satisfaction in the premises, that 
he be cited by the said committee to appear at the 
next meeting of the county committee, there to be 
dealt with according to the rules of the Continental 
Congress.' 

"A memorial on this subject was also drawn up 
and ordered to be presented to the Continental Con- 
gress, praying that the latter body would make in- 
quiry and ascertain if the Philadelphia and New 
York merchants of whom the traders in this county 
purchased their goods were not at the bottom of the 
system of extortion, speculating upon the public ne- 
cessity by affixing exorbitant prices upon their mer- 
chandise." 

It appears that about this time there were good 
reasons for such a precaution, prices having so gone 
up that fifty bushels of wheat were exchanged for one 
bushel of salt; calico was sold at fifteen shillings a 
yard, while rye would only bring one shilling eight 

* The county's proportion was five hundred and ninety-three pounds 
five shillings four pence. 



pence a bushel. " Only one pair of shoes a year 
could be afforded, which were generally purchased 
about Christmas, and which the fair owners carefully 
preserved from dilapidation through the summer by 
going barefoot, like the enchanting goddesses that 
figure in ancient mythology." 

The committee further ordered that the " colonels 
of each regiment and battalion in the county issue 
orders to the several captains to make strict inquiry 
into the state of their several companies, with regard 
to firearms, and make a return of all deficiencies." 
It was also ordered that a sum not exceeding forty 
pounds be applied to the purchase of ammunition for 
the battalion under the command of Col. John C. 
Symmes, and that said amount be immediately raised 
in "the three townships on the northwest side of the 
Pahaquala Mountain" and credited to them " in the 
quota of said towns of the money to be raised in the 
county agreeably to the directions of the Provincial 
Congress." On motion of Thomas Anderson, it was 

" llesolved, That it be recommended to the committee of Knowlton 
to get the Association in their town signed as speedily as pussilde, and to 
suppress any riot there in its infancy, as threats of a riot from that town 
have been reported." 

It is said that in this township resided some trouble- 
some Tories, who at this early stage of affairs sought 
to organize their confederates in resistance to the 
Articles of Association. But these loyalists soon fled 
to the British lines, and their property was confiscated 
to the State; 

On motion of John Cleves Symmes, the following 
preamble and resolutions were adopted by the Sussex 
County committee : 

" Whereas, There are somo men who, aftor having signed the Associa- 
tion, have basely tinned their backs upon the sacred cause of liberty 
and vilely aspersed her true sons, and wickedly endeavored, and do en- 
deavor, to sow sedition, create confusion, and fill the minds of the good 
people of the county with groundless fear and jealousy, to the great 
detriment of the public cause, therefore this Board take the same into 
consideration. 

" Resolved, nem. con.. That if any person or persons in any of the towns 
in this county shall hereafter asperse any of the friends of liberty in this 
county on accouutof their political sentiments, or shall speak contempt- 
uously or disrespectfully of the Continental or Provincial Congresses, or 
of any of the committees of and in this county, or of any measures 
adopted or appointed to be pursued by the Cungresses or committees for 
the public good and safety, on complaint being made thereof to one of the 
committee of the town where such person shall reside, the chairman 
shall, with tho consent of the majority of said committee, at the next 
meeting, issue an order to the captain of the next company of militia to 
Bend a party of five or six men of his company to take such offender 
offenders on proof being made of tho fact laid to his or their chni 
and forthwith bring him or them before the said committee ; and if such 
offender or offenders, on proof being made of the fact laid tu his or til 
charge, shall refuse lo retract or express sorrow 1 and contrition for hit 
their offonses, and will not promise amendment in future, the said ch; 
man shall, a day or two previous to tho next meeting of the county ci 
mitteo, direct said captain to send a party of his men, as aforesaid, to 
take said offondor or offendors and bring him or them forthwith before 
the county committee, to bo dealt with according to his or their deserts." 

This county committee was one of the most forward 
and active bodies of patriots in New Jersey. 

On June 3, 1775, the Provincial Congress passed 
the following : 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE INVOLUTION. 



53 



"The Congress, taking into consideration the spirited exertlonaol the 

; ttorrls, Sussex, and Somerset In raising "f mlnuti 

Ipprove of nnd thank Ihem for their seal In the common canae, and will 

Into further consldoratlun al the nexl meeting." 

IV.— THE PBOVINC] \1. I 

The following are the names of members of the 
Provincial Congress of New Jersej from Sussex 
( 'oiinly : 

Ha; and June, 1776.— Archibald Stewart, Edward Unmont, William Max- 
well, Ephralm Martin. 

Augimt, 177.. Edward Dumont, William Maxwell, John B.Scott, Hugh 
Hughes, Mark 1 npson, William Korci 

October, 177.'. W llllam Maxwell, Ephralm Martin, Thomas Potts, Aula 
Brow i>. Hark Thompson. 

May, 1770.— Ephralm Martin, Casper Shafer, I i-.uic Van 

Dampen, John Gloves Sy mines. 

These men and their associates from the other coun- 
ties, acting in the Provincial Congress, changed the 
government of New Jersey from the colonial form to 
B constitutional government, or State. From August, 
1775, the Provincial Congress became a legislative 
lio.lv, and Boon superseded the regularly-appointed 
Legislature under the king. Probably the fact that 

Governor William Franklin was a royalist and sided 

against the cause of the patriots hastened these meas- 
ures sooner in New Jersey than elsewhere. The colo- 
nial Governor had not only the power of proroguing 
tin Legislature, hut the members of Assembly were 
elected upon writs issued by him and his council to 
the sheriff of each county ; and, as these officers were 
appointed by the ( rovemor and held during his plea- 
sure, it became necessary to provide a different mode 
of elections. Bence, on Aug. 12, 1775, the Provincial 
Congress passed on ordinance that the inhabitants of 
each cow i/i/ qualified to vote for representatives to the 
General Assembly (who were persons worth fifty 
pounds in personal and real estate) should meet at 
their respective court-houses, on the 21st daj of Sep- 
tember then next, and by a plurality of votes elect 
any number, not exceeding five, with full power to 
represent each county in a Provincial Congress to be 
held at Trenton on the 3d day of < October then next. 
The chairman of the meeting chosen by the voters 
present and any five or more freeholders were required 
i.. iign ci ' I ifii ates of election. The persons elected 

in pursuance of this ordinance, for Sn— ex County, at 

the court-house in Newton, were those whose names 
are given above under the date of < Ictober, 1775. 

The Provincial Congress met at the time and place 
appointed, and so continued to meet, according to the 
ies of public business, till August, 1776. Many 
ordinances were enacted bj this body, — ordinances for 
organizing the militia, for raising mon > \- tax.-.n a 
for issuing New Jersey scrip, for arresting and pun- 
ishing Tories, for dealing with contraband vessels 
upon the coast; in short, for everything necessary to 
carry on the machinery of the pro> incial goi eminent 
during those trying and perilous tunes. | > much 
credit cannot be given to the intelligence, patriotism, 
firmness, and wisdom of the men who guided the bark 



of State through those boisterous wave- and anchored 
her safely in the harbor of assured and triumphant 
republicanism. They were men of great capacity as 
well as of great courage and determination. 

The regular Legislature met for the last time in 
Burlington, Nov. L5, 177-">. the members from Sussex 
being Nathaniel Pettit and Joseph Barton. They 

enacted two or three laws, but made no attempt to in- 
terfere with the Provincial Congress. The regular 
me was prorogued by Governor Franklin 
until the 3d of January, but it failed to meet on that 

day, and Franklin then summoned it, by a proclama- 
tion in the name of the king, to meet on the ensuing 
20th of . June. Bui the Provincial Congress, on the 4th 

of June, by a vote of thirty-eight to eleven, resolved 

that the proclamation ought not to be obeyed. < In the 
16th of June the Provincial Congress ordered the ar- 
rest of the Governor by a still more decisive vote, 
then being forty-two ayes to ten naj -. He was taken 

into custody, and afterwards, by order of the Conti- 
nental Congress, Bent as a prisoner to Connecticut, 
where he remained till regularly exchanged. We 
give from the minutes of the Provincial Congress the 
resolution and the vote- in this famous case of guber- 
natorial impeachment : 

', That, in Hi.' opinion of tin's Conprese, the said William 
Franklin, Bsqulre, luis discovered liiuiseirtu be an euemy tu the liberties 
ol tin- • .null v ; nii'l Unit aieasusee uughl to be Immediately taken for 
securing the peraun ol the sal i William Kraukllu, Require. 

"The said resolution onrs.d ss follows: 

"Yeas: Mr. A. Clark, Canip. Uoudlct, Drake, l ■ ■>., w 

Frelinghuysen, Patoi m, Hardeuhergh, I. Inn, Hart, Ue- 

ludnt, Uovenboveu, Mott, Joslah Hulm Br, E. Clark, Hugg 

EHIa, Elmer, Harris, Boweu, Hand, Learning, Savage, Hatkoni 
Held, WeUierlil, Dui S Quackeubusli, Mar- 

tin, Sbafi I i linn.-. Sluulckaou, John Holme. 

"Nays: Mr, In mow], Dlcklusun, Alien, Taylor, 

-i, Vnii Buskirk, Brown, Potts." 

V.— ADOPTION OK THE CONSTITUTION OP 1770. 

Hitherto the Provincial Congress had taken no 

measures to form a State constitution, but, On June 

21, I77d, agreeably to the recommendation of Conti- 
nental Congress that each colony should adopt a pro- 
visional form of government, it was resolved, by a 
vote of fifty-four affirmatives to one m gative, " that a 

meiit be formed for regulating the internal 
polil f this colony, pursuant to the reeommenda- 

tions of the Continental Congress of the fifteenth of 

Maj last." The members from Sussex County in the 

- at this time wen- John Cleves Symmca, Isaac 

Van Campen, Th as Potts, Bphraim .Martin, and 

Casper Shafer. A committee of ten members, of 
which Rev. Jacob Green, "f Morris County, was 

chairman, was appointed to prepare a draft of a con- 
stitution. John t .ev, - <\ mine- was a member of this 

i imittee. with another eminent lawyer, —Jonathan 

Dickinson; so D . John Witherspoon, presi- 

dent of Princeton College; and probably these nun 
had the most to do in preparing the draft which "as 

submitted and adopted as the firsl constitution 



54 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



VI.— THE PROVINCIAL COMMITTEE OF SAFETY. 

The Committee of Safety of the Province of New 
Jersey was organized in October, 1775, and convened 
at Princeton. Samuel Tucker, Hendrick Fisher, 
Lewis Ogden, Joseph Holmes, Isaac Pearson, John 
Pope, Abraham Clark, Azariah Dunham, John Den- 
nis, Augustine Stevenson, Ruloff Van Dyke, John 
Cleves Symmes, John Hart, John Mehelm, Samuel 
Dick, John Combs, Caleb Camp, Edmund Wetherby, 
and Benjamin Manning were members, Samuel 
Tricker president, and Abraham Clark secretary. 
Little of local interest appears in the minutes of 
this body, excepting a few commitments for Toryism, 
treason, etc., until July 5, 1777, when, upon the rec- 
ommendation of a letter from John Cleves Symmes, 
the committee began its sittings in Newton, Sussex 
Co. The board met in the court-house on Saturday 
evening at nine o'clock, and adjourned till Monday 
morning, July 7th. It was " agreed that letters be 
written to Majs. Samuel Meeker and Samuel Kuy- 
kendal, Isaac Martin, Jacob McCollom, and George 
Allen, Esqs., to appear before the board and give a 
list of persons in this county who are disaffected or 
dangerous to the present government." The com- 
mittee made their report on the 9th of July, present- 
ing a list of twenty-eight names, sixteen of whom 
were in the township of Hsydwick, eight in Knowl- 
ton, one in Wantage, three in Newton, and one in 
Oxford. This number was considerably reduced 
when it appeared, upon examination, that six or 
seven of the accused parties were Quakers, who had 
refused to take the oath on religious ground, but were 
" willing to be bound by surety ;" and they were so 
bound, in the sum of three hundred pounds. 

On July 12, 1777, Thomas Anderson, Esq., of 
Newton, was made a member of the board. At this 
time John Troop, Peter Saunders, and James Moody 
(the latter the notorious Lieut. James Moody, of 
whom we shall give an account hereafter) were re- 
cruiting for the British in the State. The board 
ordered Col. John Munson (and some other officer, 
whose name is left blank in the minutes) forthwith 
to apprehend them. It appears from the minutes of 
August 11th that John Troop and Peter Saunders 
were apprehended and brought before the board : 

" Lieut. John Troop, of the 3d Battalion of New Jersey Volunteers, in 
the enemy's service, having been apprehended by order of the Governor 
and Council of Safety as a spy or recruiting for the enemy, wus brought 
before the Council and examined. 

" Ordered, That the said Liuut. John Troop, with his examination, bo 
Bent to Gen. Washington. 

" Ordereil, That Henry Shoope and Peter Saunders, suspected as spies 
from the enemy, taken with Lieut. Troop, be remanded to prison in order 
to determine whether they will take their trial or go on board the Navy 
of the United States." 

" August 111, 1777. — Ordered, That Mr. Camp pay Col. Morgan the sum 
of £'ili 18*. '.id. for apprehending and seeming John Troop and others." 

The Council of Safety held regular sessions at 
Newton till Aug. 21, 1777, when they adjourned to 
meet in Princeton. 



During the early part of the Revolution many 
prisoners were confined in the Sussex County jail. 
On Oct. 12, 1777, the council agreed "That His Ex- 
cellency the Governor be advised to write Maj. 
Samuel Meeker, of Sussex, directing him to raise a 
party of twenty men, two sergeants, and two cor- 
porals, to do guard-duty over the prisoners, dis- 
affected persons, etc., at New Town, in Sussex 
County." 

Pursuant to a resolution of Congress recommend- 
ing to the executive authorities of each State the 
appointment of proper persons in each district to 
recruit men, apprehend deserters, etc., Isaac Martin, 
Benjamin Kuykendal, Capt. Emanuel Hover, and 
William Carr were appointed for said purpose for 
Sussex County. Nov. 17, 1777, " His Excellency was 
pleased to lay before the board a letter from Maj. 
Meeker respecting the prisoners in Sussex gaol, and 
the provisions necessary for their support. The 
board, being of the opinion that there is no necessity 
of keeping a guard for securing the prisoners above 
mentioned, agreed that Col. Symmes be desired to 
direct Maj. Meeker to discharge the guard now kept 
for that purpose, and to settle with Maj. Meeker as 
to the cattle and flour he has purchased for their 
support. That as to the British prisoners confined 
in said gaol, Col. Symmes will acquaint the commis- 
sary of provisions with their confinement, and pro- 
cure his directions concerning them. As to the de- 
serters from the Continental army, he will inform 
the magistrates and endeavor to have them carried 
to their respective corps." 

The following order shows that Sussex County was 
a good place for taking care of Tories, even within 
one mile of the jail at Newton : 

"The board being informed that His Excellency Gen. Washington, by 
a letter of the '20th instant, that he considers Capt. Archibald Kennedy 
as a state prisoner, and that therefore he does not think that he has any 
right to intei fere in the matter; and the board conceiving the said Capt. 
Kennedy disaffected to the present government, and his residence at his 
present place of abode dangerous to the State: 

" Ordered, That lie remove within eight days of the date hereof into 
tile County of Sussex, und there remain within one mile of the court- 
house at Newtown till the further order of the board respecting him." 

VII.— INDIAN RAIDS DURINU THE REVOLUTION. 

The Minisink country, which had suffered severely 
from Indian hostilities during the French war, was 
not less exposed during the war of the Revolution to 
the merciless sway of the tomahawk- and scalping- 
knife. The same savage foes lurked upon the fron- 
tiers, familiar with all the old war-paths from the 
Niagara to the Delaware, and ever ready to renew 
their bloody work at the instigation of their British 
allies. 

In 1777 a party of savages slaughtered two or three 
families north of the Neversink and then crossed into 
Montague, where they tomahawked a family named 
Jobs, and next attacked the dwelling of Capt. Abra- 
ham Shinier, who, with the assistance of three or four 
negro servants and by his own indomitable resistance, 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE REVt >1,UTI0N. 



55 



compelled them to retire. In a few days they re- 
turned and captured a Mr. Patterson and his two 
small hoys; the narrative of the father's Bufferings 
and of the fate of his sons i- thus given in the " New 
Jersey Historical < lollections :" 

"Mr. Patterson, being carelessly guarded while a 
prisoner, had several opportunities of escaping; but, 
as he hoped to save his -mi-, he continued with the 
Indians until within one day's journey ofthe Niagara 
frontier, where he was confident a cruel death awaited 
him. In the night, while- the Indians were asleep, he 
took two horses which thej had stolen from him, and 
escaped, The second day, being without food, he 
killed one of them. The other, alarmed ;it the scent 
of blood, broke loose, and Mr. Patterson, going in 
pursuit, not only lost him, but was unable to find the 
Bpot where his slaughtered companion lay. In the 
course of this day he heard the Indians yelling in 
pursuit. He, however, eluded them, and traveled on 
by the sun five days without any food except buds 
ami roots and a snake and a toad which he killed, 
when he arrived at the liead-waters of the Susque- 
hanna. There he crooked a pin for a hook, and, at- 
taching it, with a worm, to the end of a lipe made of 
tlic bark of slippery-elm, caught five lish and ate 
ih, in raw. This appeased his hunger and gave him 
Btrength to construct a rude raft, on which he Boated 
down to the Wyoming settlements, and from thence 
returned 1 le. The sons were adopted by the In- 
dians, became 'I esticated among them and thor- 
oughly savage in their habits. Elias, the younger, 
when a man, returned to Montague and married, still 
retaining many of hi- Indian customs. Here here- 
sided until 1838, when be and his wife left for the 
Tuscarora reservation." 

These acts made it necessarj to call out the Susses 

militia and t an again the block-houses in the 

"three river townships," stretching from the Water 
Gap to Carpenter's Point. This region was for two 
years the scene of active military operations, and was 
bo well defended by the Susses militia as to confini 
the atrocities ofthe savages almost exclusively to the 
adjacent territory of New York and Pennsylvania. 

\ ng the officers wl manded in this region 

were Cols. Hankinson ami Seward, Majs. Meeker ami 
Westbrook, ami Capts. Cortright, Marker. Shafer, 
Beckwith, Rosenkrans, Bockorcr, Hover, ami Winter. 
These men not only had charge of the garrisons, but 
commanded scouting-parties, which were kepi con- 
stantly active along the frontier, sometimes penetrat- 
ing into New York ami Pennsylvania. 

In the autumn of 1 7 7 s , Brant, the famous Mohan k 
chief, made a ihsce nt from the borders of Canada into 

the Minisink valley, at the head of al.oiil a hundred 

Indians and Tories. "Thej confined their atrocities 
chiefly to the settlements north of the Jersej bound- 
ary." Thej first fell upon the family of Mr. Westfall, 
ami killed one man. Then they attacked the house 

of Mr. SwartwOUt, who was at home with his -hi-. 



the women having been removed to the fort. They 
all endeavored to escape, but on,- of the sons was -hot 

down between tin- house ami ham. Another ran to 
the river, half a mile off, swam it, ami was -hot on 
the Opposite Shore. The father, an old man. and two 

of his sons, assisting him, ran on together; but, find- 
ing they would soon I -.- rtaken, tie- father told his 

-on .lame-, a ivn active, Strong man, to run and save 

himself, which he did. The Indians pursued him half 

a mile over feme- and across lol-. w hen In- gain 
fort and thej gave Up the chase. The father and the 
other -on were soon overtaken and dispatched. No 
attempt was made by Brant to take the fort. Alter 
murdering a t\\\ families he left the valley anil re- 
turned northward. In July. 1779, he reappeared with 
a larger force, ami effected the destruction of the 
Neversink settlement, at what i- now Port Jervis, in 
Orange Co., N. Y. The Bcene of massacre en 
lure beggars description. One writer Bays. "While 
the inhabitants were attending tie- funeral of a de- 
ceased neighbor at the church, and when the proces- 
sion was leaving tor the burying-grouud, the Indians 
came down upon their settlement, and before they had 
time to reach their homes the flames of the church 

gave signs of their narrow escape, and the smoke of 

their mill-, ham-, ami bouses foreshadowed tie- d n 

of Neversink. Some of the whites — the number is 

unknown -were massacred in the most merciless 

manner; others -and among them mother- with their 
children in their arms Or l>y theirsidl lied to thicket-, 

Bwamps, andstandinggrass for concealment and safety. 

.Mr-. Vim Atlken lay concealed all night in a ditch 
Overgrown with L'ra-- and flags, while the mountains 
and valhy- eel,,,,,! t,, each other the savage war- 
whoop, and tortured her with fear that her family 

was cut oil bj the barbarous foe. < >n their approach 

lo the heart of the village the Indian- found the ris- 
ing hope ofthe colony in the -chool- hoii-e. under the 

tuition of Jeremiah Van Auken. The teacher soon 

fell a victim t,> their fury, ami was dragged, a corpse, 

from tin- School-house, and also sot f hi- little 

pupils. Meanwhile, tlu- rest ofthe hoys fled to the 
woods lor safety, while their Bisters -t I trembling 

and weeping bv tin- hi. -. -- rein tin- of th- ir t -. -ichor 
At tin- instant a savage whoop was heard that rever- 

berated through the forest ami seemed like the signal 

I- ri in wed deeds of cruelty. But even in the ho-, mi 
of an Indian there -till glowed one -park of sympathy 

that kindled at the -cene. A brawn} form sprang 

fr tin- woods, where he had witnessed the tragical 

event, and with utmost speed approached the little 

group, with his horn by hi- aide and his brush in his 

hand, and, dashing his paint-brush acvMa their aprons, 

Little girls, hold up that mark when you see 

an Indian, and you are -ale.' and, uttering a terrible 

yell, he plunged into the forest ami disappeared. It 

was Brant The lite-mark was upon the little irirls. 

The ruthless savage, when hesaw it. smiled and passed 

by. The will of the chief w a- law : the int enl ones 



56 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



were safe. But their brothers, — must they he cleft 
by the tomahawk ? The thought was more than their 
tender hearts could endure ; yet what could they do 
to save them ? Benevolence is ever prompt to devise 
and ready to execute. The dispersed flock was soon 
collected, and each one took her brother under her 
garments; and all were safely protected by the apron 
with the mark of the paint-brush held up whenever 
an Indian was seen." The writer who penned the 
above account in 1844 says, " One eye-witness still 
survives to tell the story, — Mr. Van Inwegen." 

Rev. Mr. Kanouse mentions a Sacks family who 
were killed, with the exception of an elderly maiden 
lady, a sister of Gen. Bevier. This lady saved herself 
from the stroke of the tomahawk by holding up a 
large Bible like a shield over her head, and into this 
the blow was struck that must have cleft her skull. 
The Bible with the gash of the tomahawk has been 
preserved in the Bevier family of Ulster County. 

The incident of the humanity of Brant reminds us 
of his education at Dartmouth College, and of the 
fact that he was a Mason and always respected his 
obligation with friend or foe. It is said that in the 
engagement at Minisink, which followed soon after 
the events above described, Brant saved a soldier by 
the name of Wood, whom he had engaged in a des- 
perate hand-to-hand encounter. Just as Brant was 
about to strike him down Wood gave the fiery war- 
rior the Masonic grand hailing-cry of distress, where- 
upon Brant, true to his obligation, seized AVood by 
the hand, led him beyond the line of fire, and bade 
him put his trust in God and seek safety by flight. 
These incidents are worth remembering in the lives 
of savage men, showing that they are not wholly bad. 

At the time of this fearful massacre Brant bore the 
commission of a British colonel. His headquarters 
were in Canada, whither he had gone with Sir John 
Johnson and the Mohawk tribe at the outbreak of the 
Revolution. He was not in the massacre of Wyo- 
ming, as some suppose ; that revolting slaughter was 
led on by Col. Butler, a noted British Tory, who also 
lived in Canada and was sent upon that expedition 
by the military authorities at Fort Niagara. The 
following affidavit, made before a justice of the peace 
of this county, will throw some light upon the opera- 
tions of Col. Butler : 

" July 8th, 1778, Wallpaclc, Sussex County. — Personally appealed before 
me Tiinotliy Synimes, one of the Judges of the Court of Common pleas 
for tills County, one James Green, one of the inhabitants of Wyoming, 
who being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God.de- 
poseth and saitb, that he was one oi the men destined to defend a fort in 
Kingston, and that the enemy commanded by Col. Butler and one of the 
English Lieut.-Colonels and the King Owugo, an Indian Commander, 
with pari of the six tribes of Indians, 800; who fought well without 
taking to trees, but lay flat on their bellies to flro and to loud. Said 
Green says that thesu men, to the amount of twelve hundred, as ho 
heard, came within three or four miles of the fort, with offer of good 
quarters upon their surrender, and threatening men, women and chil- 
dren with Immediate death if one gun was fired against them : he says 
lie thinks no answer was returned by this Hag; about two or three hours 
after the Bame Hug came ill again. lie says lie knew the man well. He 
w;is Daniel Engereon, whom they took prisoner at the first fort. He 



brought much the same proposals he brought before, which were still re- 
jected: to a challenge they sent in to our people to fight Col. Butler, re- 
turned for answer that lie would meet their officer at a particular place 
at a set time to hold a conference. He further saitli that Cols. Butler, 
Denins and Durrene, witli all the men they had, which were three or 
four hundred, marched to the place appointed at the appointed time, and 
not finding the enemy there, they waited about an hour, and then lliey 
marched up the river until they met the enemy, when a battle begun on 
the right wing, which extended to the left in about one minute, aDd con- 
tinued very smart on both sides; but our people were partly surrounded 
on the left wing in the space of ten minutes, when the left wing of 
our people fled to the amount of about twenty men; the others of our 
people fought about an hour, when they were surrounded by superior 
numbers, and some killed and some drove into the river, where many 
perished; some got to an Island in the river, where they found Indians 
plenty to murder them. Ho says lie has since seen one Bill Hammon, 
who was takeu on the island with six or seven more, who were made to 
sit down when the Indians tomahawked them, one after the other; but 
before it came to his turn, lie said he jumped up and ran and made his 
escape by swiining oil the lower end of the island. Said Green says that 
the night after the battle he saw the fires and heard tliB nuise of a Grand 
Cautacoy amongst the Indiaus, who, the said Green judges, were burning 
their prisoners alive; lie says it was the judgment of others besides luni- 
selt ; for the flag, who were the next day in the foi t, told them tliat lie did 
not kuow that there was a prisoner alive among them, and that he bad 
seen an hundred and ninety-four scalps in one heap. He further Baith 
that the fort was surrendered or evacuated the next day after the battle, 
when the people fled towards the Delaware River, and in the night sent 
back George Cooper and James Stiles, who went to the top of the moun- 
tain and saw the houses from the lower part of Wyoming, about half 
way to the upper end, in Hames, and it was supposed they went to burn 
the whole settlement. 

"Signed by James Green. 
"Sworn before me, 

"Timothy Symmf.s." 

The following is an affidavit of Capt. Joseph Har- 
ker of Sussex County : 

" July 22, 1779, at the mouth of the LacUawack, a battlo was fought by 
a party of militia from the County of Sussex, aforesaid, and the County 
of Orange, commanded by Col. John Hatlioru, of the Stale of New York, 
and a party ol Indians and toiies under the command of one Joseph 
Brant." 

The New Jersey Gazette of May 3, 1780, speaks of a 
party of Indians which were discovered at Minisink 
commanded by " one Daily, a white man, formerly of 
Somerset County." " Some of the Jersey militia 
passed the Delaware and engaged them ; a very se- 
vere conflict ensued, which ended in the defeat of the 
Indians." Daily was left dead on the field, and Capt. 
Westbrook, a lieutenant, and one private were killed. 
The same paper of June 7, 1780, publishes a letter 
from a gentleman in Sussex County which describes 
another skirmish west of the Delaware. 

VIII.— SUSSEX STEEL AND CANNON-BALLS. 

Sussex County should be proud of the fact that she 
furnished Congress with cannon-balls and steel during 
the latter part of the struggle for independence, — at 
least, with the means for manufacturing them. Her 
mines of ore and furnaces had been famous l'or a long 
period before the war, particularly the old iron- works 
at Andover. These works had been erected by an 
English company, who continued to operate them not 
only till the breaking out of the war, but down to the 
beginning of 1778, being protected by the British 
army which occupied Philadelphia. Congress had its 
eye upon these works, and instructed the Board of 



SUSSEX AND WAKKKN COUNTIES IN TI1K KKVul.n |n.\ 



57 



War to make an examination of tbem with reference 
to tlicir availability for making steel and cannon-balls 
tor the use of the army. This they did, and also 
found, by consultation with Col. Fowler, that they 
might be procured of th<- proprietor!) and turned over 
to the use of the government, The Board of War 

made their report Jan. 1">, 177*, whereupon ( 'oiijrrcss 

j.assiW the following resolutions: 

if, Thai Hi. Board ..r War In authorised to direct Co). Flown 

l contiBct with Mr. Whitehead Humphreys, on the terms of the 

former agreement, or such others na Co] Flowei iholl deem equitable, 

for making ..f Btcel, for the supjily of the Coutlnentnl aitlflcera, and 

works with thai necessar) article; and as the Iron made at Audovei 

nly will with certainty anawer the purpose of making steel, that 

Col, Flower he <li led t.. apply tu the government «■! New Jersey t., 

put a proper peraon in possession "i Ihcae woi ks Ihe nme helongfng to 

Ihoae \ri". adhere t.> the euemlei of the Suites , npoa sui li tei m- ... the 

Dl ni ill.- st;it.- of New -I--I-- -> may think proper; and tliiit Col. 

Rower act with said poraou foi such quantity of Iron a 

think tin- service rcqtilrea. 
■'/;.... l,.-,i, Tlnit a letter bo written hy the Board of Wai to the Gov- 

•rnoi .m.i . ..nn. 1 1 "i tin i St it N.« Jersey, setting forth the peculiarity 

..i Hi.- demand for these works, Mug the only proper means of procuring 

Iron for steel, an article with which tbo service must Irreparably suf- 

l.-r; mill tlnii the said Bovoi and council be desired tu take such 

means as they shall think mual proper foi putting the -iii.i works In 
blast, and ohtalniug a Bnpply of irou without delay." 

Nt m Jersey promptly answerctl this call, March 18, 
1778, by the following resolution adopted by the Leg- 
islature : 

" The , ..urn il have taken Into consideration the resolution of Congress 

Of the 16th of January last, and Uie letter fi the Board of War ac- 

companylni the Bald resol a, i nmi tiding II to the G ivct out of 

Hi.- st,.t.. to cause tin' A M.i.v.-i [rou-Worka, In the count)' of Sussex, to 

be put In blast fur the purpoeool i luring iron to be made Into steel ; 

it being represented that the Iron made at ti"- ?tu<\ works is the -t 

my in America foi thai purpose; aud having also taken into 

i 'i tin- appllcatl I Col. Iii'iijiiiiiin Flower, commanding 

general ol military stores, agreeing t" ti"- said res live, who, il 

oimended Ool. John Patton as a propel person i" nun nu the 

■aid works , and considering that it Is not yet as ertalned that ti state 

in laid andover Iron-Works Is confiscable t.. the it the publl . 

win tin -r the owners thereof have committed an] actof forfeiture; and 

at the same time 1*-ihk desirous that il". public service dioj be i luted 

by tin- 1 t said works; 

-./, Tlnit it be ni- mended t.- Cul. Patton toag with the 

present owners of the said works to take tho same, to wit: Ihi 

-"I lease, hereb] i urln him ill n ... i ... tl t itcshnll 

i. I. .iu adjudged to be furleltcd, oi otherwise come undci the partial* 

lii din > ' this governmout, such agreemeul shall be cuiifl 

tin- said Col. Patton, or to such pers uoi persons as tin Legislature shall 
kpprove, for an) porlod not exceeding three yeara from the date hereof. 

But il the -ui.i .•« nors shall reluse to lei the -..i.l «..ik- i..r the u the 

pui.li. . ill- Legislature will then take the n. ir) steps for putting 

il ' 'I"' possession of n pi. .p. i person In ordei to hare them cu I 

«,n for ill- purpose above nienll I 

. ■■(, Tlnii .Mr. Hoops wuil mi il.- ll.n Aaacmbl) with Uie 

foregoing resolutlou and desire the ttirrunco thorclu. 

'• Which message belug reud I considered ; 

■■'. Thai Hi- li. ..I,-. i i | u the reaolutloncoi i In the 

■aid message." 

I nder these authorizations the old Andover Iron- 
Works changed owners. Passing from the control of 
those who had no interest in the American cause, and 
who hail probably used them in aid of the enemies of 
the country, they came into the bands of men » hose 
fervid patriotism was fitlj symbolized in the glow of 
their rekindled lircs. "A1 once mine, furnace, and 

forge seemed to catch the patriotic spirit of their new 



occupiers ; the fir.-- glowed with an in tenser heat, and 
the anvils rang louder and clearer, as if conscious that 
they were forging arm- with which brave men were 
to defend their homes and tln-ir country. .Miners and 
forge-men, wood-choppers and colliers, urged on by 
citizen soldiers anil patriotic officers, were all i a 
in procuring iron and steel lor the use of the Conti- 
nental army ; while through the valleys and the 
gorges came the echo of the sound of tlie hammers, 
as, BWUng by stalwart arms, they rang upon the anvils 

and kept time to the -ool' of the forge. This music 
fell like a death-dirge upon the car- of British loyal- 
ists and their Tory allies." 

War had made terrible ravages in New Jersey; her 
brave sons bad been slain in battle, her towns had 
been sacked, and her churches and farmhouses given 
to the flames; her State treasury was bankrupt and 
her people impoverished; yet her means for tin- de- 
feiisc of liberty and country were not wholly ex- 
hausted. Her mineral wealth was beyond the reach 
of invading armies, and her iron-mines, intrenched 
in her rock-hound hills, defied the power of England, 
"And now, at the call ol liberty, mi! oi' the deep 

caverns of the mountains, as from a mighty arsenal, 

| red forth the true metal of war, and old Sussex 

in the hour of need furnished both the soldi, r and 
his -word." 

'Ih. Andover works were held by the government 
till the close of the war, and for live year- furnished 
iron and steel for tin- Continental army. 



ell A PTEB I X. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE 
REVOLUTION (Continued). 

I.— TORYISM— LIEUT. JAMES MOODY. 
Occasional reference- are made to Tories in these 

counties durin;.' ami previous to the coniineii. 

of the war. For instance, Oct 25, 1775, one was com- 
missioned as a captain of militia of Sussex County, 
but on July 18, 1777. the same man appears to have 

been lined ami imprisoned for speaking -editions 
words,i and in the New Jertey Qaectteot .March 11, 
1780, we find an advertisement which indicates that 

this man had proved a Tory and that his estate was 
Confiscated and -old lor the aid of the cause which he 
had betrayed. In that [taper, ami in the one of 
March 29, 1780, are to In- found advertisements of 
confiscated estates in Sussex which indicate that 
Toryism was a Bin which Sn — ,-\ patriotism did not 
"l.n.k upon with allowance." The published min- 
utes of the Council of Safety contain the name- of 
penitent Tories from Sussex County, some of whom 



• article In \. r.i.,-,, IfcreU, Sept 7, 1-71 
i Safely. 



58 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



were pardoned unconditionally, and others on con- 
dition of enlisting in the Continental army. At a 
council held at Morristown, Aug. 14, 1777, a procla- 
mation had been issued permitting such a pardon on 
condition of enlistment in the army or navy. Thus 
Toryism was converted into an efficient auxiliary of 
patriotism. 

Mr. Edsall has called attention to the fact that in 
Sussex County the men who were found wanting in 
the hour of need had nearly all been eager for a re- 
mission of the burdens imposed upon the country by 
the British Parliament and had petitioned for relief, 
but when they found that redress was to be attained 
only by an appeal to the sword a portion of them 
lacked the nerve to take up arms. Others, such as 
the Friends, had religious scruples, and a third class, 
looking upon the colonies as too weak to contend suc- 
cessfully against the mother-country, were eager to 
place themselves upon the stronger side, and to win 
that royal regard which turning their arms against 
their own neighbors and brethren they believed would 
ultimately secure them. Mistaken men! Charity may 
cover the faults of those whom timidity caused to 
shrink from danger; we may also forbear to judge 
harshly the conduct of men who could not conscien- 
tiously fight; but traitors and fratricides, who acted 
as spies and robbed and plundered their neighbors, 
who plotted with the Indians, piloting them to the 
abodes of the white settlers, and who aided and 
abetted the massacre and slaughter of their brethren, 
are deserving the severest condemnation and execra- 
tion of their fellow-men. 

There was probably not a Tory leader of any note 
belonging to Sussex County during the Revolution. 
True, there were some bands of outlaws and robbers 
who infested the mountains and availed themselves 
of the rocky fastnesses for concealment and security, 
and some holding British commissions who sought to 
recruit the royal army from the disaffected portion of 
the population, but as a general rule they were led by 
foreigners. The following statement, taken from Mr. 
Edsall's " Centennial Address," will show that a com- 
paratively small proportion of the population of the 
county adhered to the British cause : " The county of 
;Sussex in 1776 contained not far from thirteen thou- 
sand inhabitants, of which, according to the usual 
ratio, two thousand six hundred were males over the 
.age of twenty-one years. Of all this number, ninety- 
.six only were attainted for joining the army of the 
king and their property confiscated to the State; 
while, of those who were not freeholders, there cer- 
tainly was not more than an equal number who re- 
fused to take the oath abjuring their allegiance to the 
Crown of Great Britain. Adding both these classes 
together, we have about two hundred disaffected per- 
sons in two thousand six hundred, — a proportion of 
•only one in fourteen. Probably no county in the 
.State can show a greater preponderance of patriot- 



LIEUT. JAMES MOODY. 

The most noted Tory in Sussex County during the 
Revolutionary period was Lieut. James Moody, erro- 
neously called " Bonnell" Moody. We have before 
us his narrative, published in London in 1783, 
wherein most of the achievements attributed by 
tradition to " Bonnell" Moody are related and well 
authenticated. The title of the work is, " Lieut. 
James Moody's Narrative of his Exertions and Suf- 
ferings in the Cause of Government since 1776 : Au- 
thenticated by Proper Certificates." Among the 
certificates appended is one signed by " William 
Franklin, late Governor of New Jersey," and one 
by Cortland Skinner, the British brigadier-general 
in whose brigade Moody served, both as an ensign 
and as a lieutenant. We give the latter entire, as 
follows : 

" I do hereby certify that Mr. James Moody came within the British 
lilies in April, 1777, and brought in with him upwards of seventy men, 
all of whom, except four, entered into my brigade; that ill June follow- 
ing he was sent into the rebel country for the purpose of enlisting men 
for His Majesty's service, with orders to continue there until a favorable 
opportunity offered for him to disarm the rebels and arm the loyalists, 
and, with what men ho could collect, to join the royal army, but he was 
prevented iroill putting that plan into execution by our army's taking a 
diiTereut route from what was expected; that Mr. Moody, being thus dis- 
appointed, assisted by two of bis neighbors, soon after embodied about 
an hundred men, with whom he attempted to join the British army, but 
was unsuccessful ; that afterwards he made two successful excursions 
into the rebel country, and brought with him from Sussex County about 
sixty able-bodied recruits, nearly all of whom entered into my brigade ; 
that alter this time ho made many trips into New Jersey and Pennsylva- 
nia, and brought with him many good men, and gained many articles of 
imperial] t intelligence concerning the movements of Col. Butler, the real 
stateof the rebel country, tho situation and condition of the rebel armies 
under command of their generals, Washington, Sullivan, etc.; and that 
while Mr. Moody was under my immediate direction he also destroyed a 
considerable magazine of stores near Black Point, taking prisoners two 
colonels, one major, and several other officers, and broke open the Sussex 
County jail, rescuing a number of loyalists that were imprisoned in it, 
one of whom was under sentence of death ; besides performing many 

" I also certify that in the month of October, 1777, the said Moody was 
mustered as an ensign, but received no pay as such till April, 1778; 
that he continued his exertionB under my directions till 1780, about 
which time he was taken from the regiment, which prevented his being 
appointed to a company in it, as it was in general believed the commander- 
in-chief intended doing something better for him; that I have evory 
reason to believe Mr. Moody received nothing from government to re- 
ward him for his extraordinary services, or to indemnify him for his ex- 
traordinary expenses, till 1780; that from the time of his joining the 
army, in April, 1777, till his departure fur Europe, in May, 1782, he did 
upon every occasion. exert himself with the utmost zeal in support of His 
Majesty's cause in America; and, on the whole, that I believe all that is 
related in his printed narrative to be true, without exaggeration. 

tl London, January 30, 1783. 

" Cortland Skinner,* 
" Jirig.-General, tfce." 

Moody was neither a native nor a resident of Sus- 
sex County, nor is it anywhere stated to what part of 
New Jersey he belonged, although tradition has as- 
signed him to Hunterdon County. He tells us that 

* Cortland Skinner was attorney-general and Speaker of tho House of 
Assembly under the provincial government; he resided at Perth Ainboy. 
At tho commencement of tho Revolution he accepted a commission from 
tho British as brigadior-gouoral of a partisan or Tory brigade, and was 
engaged in raising recruits in New Jersey. He went to England at the 
close of the war. 



sksskx ami w\i:i;i;\ cocntikh in tiik involution. 



5!> 



previous to going into the army he was " a plain con- 
tented fanner, settled on a large, fertile, pleasant, 
and well-improved farm of his own, in the best-culti- 
vated and happiest country in the world." He came 
to New Jersey to arrest Governor Livingston, but, 
liinlin'_ r that Mr. Livingston had gone to Trenton to 
meel the Assembly, he led his inch in Susses < kranty, 
where one of them was captured by Maj. Robert 
Hoops, to whom lie revealed the plot, and the scheme 
for capturing the (lovernor was thwarted. This was 
in .May, 1780, and seems to have been the first inci- 
dent thai gave Moody notoriety in Sussex. His next 
project was an attempt to Mow up the magazine at 
Suekasuny, about fifteen miles hack of Morristown. 
"But this," he says, "also proved abortive; for, not- 
withstanding his having prevailed on some British 

pris rs, taken with Hen. liurgoyne, to join him in 

the enterprise, the alarm was now become so general, 

and the terror so great, that they had increased their 
guard around this magazine to the number of one 
hundred and upwards." He had not i v than 

Beven men mi an\ time during his operations in 

Sussex County. 

It is possible that Moody may have occupied cer- 
tain Caves 1 hiding-places, and possibly " Moody's 

Bock" may have bee e of them. He speaks of 

having been pursued and sought, ac 'ding to the 

strong language. of Scripture, as "a partridge in the 

mountains." "But," he says, "wandering in deserts 
and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the 

earth, by the blessing of God, he still eluded all 

these researches." His exploit of opening the jail at 

New ton is thus related:* 

" Returning again to Sussex County, he now heard 
that several prisoners were confined on various sus- 
picions and charges of loyalty in the jail of that 
county, and thai one of them was actually under sen- 
tence of death. This poor fellow was one of Bur- 
goync's soldiers, charged with crimes of a civil nature, 

oC which, however, be was believed to be innocenl 

Mr. Moody took with him six men, and late at ffighl 

entered the country town. . . . The inhabitants of 

the town were but too generally disaffected. This 
suggested the necessity of stratagem. Coming to the 
jail, the keeper called out from the window of an 

upper room and demanded what their business wa-. 

The ensign instantly replied he had a prisoner to 
deliver into his custody. 'What! one of Uoodift 

fellows'.'' said the jailer. ' Vis,' said the ensign. 

On his inquiring what the name of this supposed 

prisoner was, one of the party, who was well known 
to the inhabitants Of that place, personated the char- 
acter of a prisoner and sp ike lor himself. The jailer 
gave him some ill language, but, notwithstanding, 

scenic. 1 highly pleased with the idea of having so 

potorious a Tory in his custody. <>n the ensign's 



•Tho iiurciiiv,. i- ■ ( i . i t . ■ modest, always q n in lha 

tii ic I pcnon,as "tho ensign" Hi U i>." 



urging him to conic down and take care of the man. 

he peremptorily refused, alleging that, in consequence 

Of Moody's being OUt, he had received striei ,,. 

open his doors to no man after sunset, and that, there- 
fore, he must wait till morning. Finding that this 
talc would nit take, the ensign now changed hie note, 

and in a -tern t told him, ' Sirrah, the man who 

now speaks to you is Moody. I have a strong party 
with me; and if you do not this moment deliver up 
your keys, I will instantly pull down your house 
all. nit your ears.' The jailer vanished in a moment. 
On this Mr. Moody's nun. who were well skilled in 
Indian war-whoop, made the air resound with BUCh a 

variety of hi. hi, us yells as soon left them nothing to 
fear from the inhabitants of New Town, which, though 
the county town, consists only of twenty or thirty 
houses. 'The Indians! the Indians are come I' said 
the panic-struck people : and happy were they who 

could soonest .-cape into the woods. While *t li.-e 

things were thus going on the ensign had made his 

way through the easement, and was met by a pris- 
oner, whom he immediately employed to procure him 
a light. The vanished jailer was now again pro- 
duced, and most obsequiously hide. I Mr. Moody 

to tin' dungeon of the poor wretch under sentence of 
death. . . . 

"There is no possibility of describing the agony of 

I his man when, On being so suddenly aroused, he saw 
i" i'H, him a man in arms. . . . The first and the only 
idea thai occurred to him was that, as many of the 

ii. iei- of government had been privately executed in 
prison, the person he saw was his executioner. <>n 
Mr. Moody's repeatedly informing him of his mistake, 

and that he was i ic to release him in the name of 

King George, the transition from such an abyss ,,t 
wretchedness to so extravagant a pitch of joy had 
wellnigh overcome him. Never before had the writer 
i" . u present at so affecting a scene. ... In such cir- 
cumstances, it was with some difficulty that the ensign 
got him away. At length, however, hi- eh. tins were 

i"i on. and he. with all the rest who chose to avail 

themselves of the opportunity, was conducted into 

safely, notwithstanding a warm pursuit of several 
days." 

Mood] gives no details of the " warm pursuit," but 
says the prisoner whom be rescued "was afterwards 

actually executed On the same sentence on which he 

bad before been victed, though he left the world 

with the most soh urn asseverations of his innocence 
a- to the crime of which he had been accu-. 

cepting only an unshaken allegiance to his sovereign.'' 

For his daring hardihood in intercepting the di- 

patches sent to Washington in the spring of 1781, 

Moody was made a lieutenant, having. ;h he Bays, 

" served more than a year as a volunteer witl t any 

pay, and almost three years as an ensign." At one 
lime , Mi \ is, 1781), while attempting his capture on 

the Hudson River, about seventy men were in pursuit 
of him. He had no other means of escape than to 



60 



SUSSEX AND WAKREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



climb the steep side of a hill. Long before he had 
reached the summit a number of the men had so 
gained upon him as to be within fifty yards, and he 
received one general discharge of musketry, and 
" thought it little short of a miracle that he escaped 
unwounded. The bullets flew like a storm of hail 
around him ; his clothes were shot through in several 
places ; one ball went through his hat, and another 
grazed his arm. Without at all slackening his pace 
he turned and discharged his musket, and by this shot 
killed one of his pursuers. Still they kept up their 
fire, each man discharging his piece as fast as he could 
load; but, gaining an opportunity of soon doubling 
upon them, he gave them the slip, and in due time 
arrived once more safely in New York." 

For some time he was a prisoner under Benedict 
Arnold when the latter had command at West Point, 
and was kept in what he describes as a most sickly 
and loathsome prison-pen, excavated in the side of a 
rocky ledge and covered with loose plank so dis- 
jointed that the rain poured in and made the bottom 
of it a pool of mud, while it kept him for several days 
drenched to the skin and obliged him to lie at night 
in a bed equally saturated with water, which con- 
sisted of straw and some blankets, barely kept above 
the wet and muddy bottom of the cell by a few boards 
laid across sticks. His fare consisted of dumplings 
made of musty flour and boiled in a vessel with 
tainted meat. He petitioned to Washington for re- 
lief, and that noble-hearted patriot sent an order for 
the amelioration of his wretched condition. 

The only description which Moody gives of himself 
is incidental. He had a friendly loyalist in New Jer- 
sey whom he sometimes induced, for convenience, to 
personate him. This man, he says, came one night to 
the house of a certain " pompous and important jus- 
tice of the peace" and raised an alarm. The justice 
came out, and, espying, as it was intended he should, 
a tall man, his fears convinced him that it was Moody, 
and he instantly betook himself to the woods. The 
next day the rumor was spread abroad that Moody 
was in that part of the country, and the militia was 
brought down from the fort, where he really was, with 
a view of capturing him where he was not ; and so 
he gained his coveted opportunity for waylaying the 
mail or express containing all the dispatches of Wash- 
ington relating to the interview with Count Rocham- 
beau. Afterwards, at two or three different times, he 
intercepted and seized the messengers bearing impor- 
tant letters and dispatches. He had in command 
under him a younger brother, who captured the mail 
in Pennsylvania. The name of this younger brother 
we nowhere find, although he was subsequently hung 
in Philadelphia. 

The greatest plot of Moody, perhaps, was his at- 
tempt to rob the archives of Congress through the aid 
of one Addison, an Englishman, who had been em- 
ployed as clerk in the State-House under Secretary 
Thomson. This Addison entered into the plot as an 



assumed loyalist, agreeing to meet Moody and his 
party and give them access to the State-House, where 
the papers and records were kept. Instead of doing 
so, however, when Moody and his party, after encoun- 
tering incomparable perils, had reached Philadelphia, 
and were, as they supposed, within reach of the cov- 
eted prize, Addison betrayed them into the hands of 
the authorities. Moody, more shrewd than the others, 
had foreseen this, and had taken the precaution to 
conceal his agency in the matter, remaining behind 
at the ferry-house after crossing the Delaware, and 
sending his brother and the others forward with Ad- 
dison. Some little delay occurred in making the 
arrest of the younger Moody and the others, during 
which the lieutenant, passing himself off for an officer 
in a New Jersey brigade (by which was understood a 
patriot officer) and being fatigued, sought rest in an 
upper chamber of the ferry-house. He was in this 
situation, lying upon a bed, but anxious and vigilant, 
when the military surrounded the house. What fol- 
lowed we give in his own language : 

" Seizing his pistols, he instantly ran down stairs 
and made his escape. He had not got a hundred 
yards from the house when he saw the soldiers enter 
it. A small piece of wood lay before him, in which 
he hoped at least to be out of sight, and he had sprung 
the fence in order to enter it. But it was already 
lined by a party of horse, with a view of cutting off 
his retreat. Thus surrounded, all hopes of flight were 
in vain, and to seek for a hiding-place in a clear, open 
field seemed equally useless. Drowning persons are 
said to catch at straws : with hardly a hope of es- 
caping so much as a moment longer undiscovered, he 
threw himself flat on his face in a ditch, which yet 
seemed of all places the least calculated for conceal- 
ment, for it was without weeds or shrubs, and so shal- 
low that a quail might be seen in it. Once more he 
had reason to moralize on the vanity of all human 
contrivance and confidence ; yet, as Providence or- 
dered it, the improbability of the place proved the 
means of his security. He had lain there but a few 
minutes when six of his pursuers passed within ten 
feet of him, and very diligently examined a thickety 
part of the ditch which was but a few paces from him. 
With his pistols cocked, he kept his eye constantly on 
them, determining that, as soon as he saw himself to 
be discovered by any one of them, he would instantly 
spring up and sell his life as dearly as might be, and, 
refusing to be taken alive, provoke, and if possible 
force, them to kill him. . . . From the ditch they went 
all round the adjacent field, and as Lieut. Moody some- 
times a little raised his head he saw them frequently 
running their bayonets into some small shocks of In- 
dian corn-fodder. This suggested to him an idea that 
if he could escape till night, a place they had already 
explored would be the surest shelter for him. When 
night came he got into one of these stacks, . . . where 
he remained two nights and two days without a 
morsel of food, for there was no corn on the stalks, 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES TX THE INVOLUTION. 



G1 



and, which was infinitely more intolerable, without 
drink." 

The sequel is that on the fifth day after his .-<:i[>.- 
froin the ferry-house he reached a point op the Dela- 
ware where he found a boat, and, taking advantage of 
the flood-tide, rowed up the river till be thought he 
was out of danger, and by the assistance of friendly 
loyalists made his escape again to New York. UN 
brother, whose fate he greatly lamented, was impris- 
oned in the new jail-dungeon at Philadelphia, and 
was executed, at the age of twenty-three, Nov. l.'i, 
1781. 

Moody was invited to England by Sir Henry Clin- 
ton, and there wrote his " Narrative," which was 
published in London in 1783. 

II.— PROMINENT MEN OP SUSSEX AND WARREN 
IN THE REVOLUTION. 

We incorporate into this chapter on the Revolution 
some brief notice of the men of Sussex and Warren 
who were prominent actors in the scenes of that 
period. 

Gen. Wiii.i \m Maxwell, the chairman of the 
Sussex County Committee of Safety, was a brigadier- 
general in the army of Washington, and a noble sol- 
dier and patriot. He served in the French war of 
17of>-.)!l as an ollieer of provincial troops, was with 
Braddock when that general was defeated at Fort l)u 
Quesne, and fought under Wolfe at the taking of 
Quebec, lie was afterwards attached to the Commis- 
sary Department and was posted at Mackinaw, hold- 
ing the rank of colonel. Assoon as he heard that the 
colonies had resolved upon resistance to the Crown be 
resigned his commission in the British army and 

marched on fool to Trenton, where be tendered bis 
services to the Provincial Congress, then in session. 
They were accepted and a colonel's commission be- 
stowed upon him, with orders to raise a battalion to 
inarch to Quebec. He succeeded in enlisting a line 
b "ly of men. and was engage I in recruiting when the 

Sussex County Committee of Safety was formed, in 
August, i77o. He took up his line of march accord- 
ing to orders, but the defeat of Montgomery occurred 

before he could possibly reach I.Juebec, and nothing 
remained but for him to return to headquarters. He 
was soon alter raised to the rank of brigadier-general, 

and served with distinction in the baitle, of German- 
town, Monmouth, Brandy wine, Springfield, Wj ing, 

and elsewhere. 1 1 is personal frankne-s and the ab- 
sence Of all haughtiness in his manners made him a 
great favorite with the soldiers, but his merit-, as is 

too often the ease, excited envy, Some of the offici r 

who boasted a more aristocrat ie lineage than he Could 

claim showed much jealous; of his advancement, and 

in 1782, when one of this idass succeeded in obtaining 

l iron tot ion over him, he resigned his commission. He 
enjoyed in a high degree the special regard of Gen. 
Washington, who frequently eulogized him in his let- 
ters. Unfortunately for biographical purposes, Gen. 



Maxwell'- house took fire just after the close of the 

Revolution, and all his valuable paper-, together with 

his correspondence, were destroyed. 

The following inscription, written by his friend and 
compatriot Governor Howell, of New Jersey, is placed 
over the remains of this gallant oilier in the grave- 
yard of the First Presbyterian church of Greenwich 

township : 

" Beneath iLii Marlde 
Litx the i-«ly ..r 

BMOADIBE-GKXERAL Wimim MiVM'lll, 

Bldesttouol John anil Anne Unxwell, of the towmblp of 
Greenwich, Connty >>i Stwex unit Suite of Nen Ji 

who departed il.i- lire 

On Ihe 4th ..r November, in tie- year "f our Lord, 1700, 

1 ti the 63d yeai ol 

In the Revolutionary War which established the [udependence of the 

United Stat.* 

Hi- took an curly and acUve part; 

A dlellngntabed military partisan, 

lie rose thmngli ifthe American Army 

To the rank .,f Brigadier-General J 

A Genuine Patriot, 

i thin and decided Friend 

Tc the Corutlmtlon and Goven ul ol lil« Conntry; 

In private 1 i r.- he «;is equally devoted to n 
And lo the good ,.r ihe Community "f which he was a member, 
An honorable and charitable Man, 

A warm iumI alTei n tte Friend, 

A zealous advocate of the frutltntions, and 
pron iter of the 
Intereeta of the Christian Religion." 

Capt. John Maxwell, a brother of the general, 
was anotherof the brave and noble patriot- ..I' Su-sc\. 
Iii the darkest hour of the Revolutionary conflict, 

when Washington had been forced lo evacuate New 
York and was retreating hither and thither 1 1 
lb. Jerseys, when his wom-OUt troops dropped oil' 
daily, and when his force- became so reduced in num- 
bers that it is said lie could call every man under him 
by name, Maxwell appeared with one hundred men, 
recruited in Greenwich and the neighboring town- 
ships, and tend-rcd their service to the gnat chief- 
tain. It was upon thi- occasion that Washington, 
surprised and gratified, exclaimed, " What ! one hun- 
dred men. good and true, from Sussex 1" importing 

that he was agreeably astonished, — that, 
while the people of the counties which were pecu- 
liarly exposed to the ravages of ihe British troops 
wcii' falling away from him, lho-c in the interior had 

infection, as lie supposed might be ihe 

case, but remained in adversity, as th.-\ had been in 

prosperity, " good and true." 

Thi- an icdote, which involves a irrcat compliment, 
has been distorted by t hi' slanderer- of Susses patriot- 
ism into a precisely opposite meaning, having been 
adduced a- proof that Washington did not think 
there were a hundred honest patriots in Bus 

Nothing, probably, could have been further from the 

opinion of Washington, or, at least, if In- had Buch 

an opinion, nothing Could have been further from the 
tact-, as the r.. ,,rd- of the time- abundantly show. 






62 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



We quite agree with Mr. Edsall that, even had Wash- 
ington doubted the integrity of the people of this 
section, he would not have proclaimed it in the face of 
a body of men deserving the highest commendation 
for the prompt and ready manner in which they came 
to his succor in a dark and trying moment. Wash- 
ington was neither precipitate in forming a judgment, 
nor was he ungrateful for even the smallest services 
rendered him by any of the people of the colonies. 
He often went out of his way to notice and commend 
very humble persons for the smallest offerings of help 
or intelligence that could assist in any way the great 
cause which lay so near his own heart. He was, in- 
deed, the most remarkable man in this respect whom 
America has ever produced, and was loved and ven- 
erated by thousands for that very trait of character. 
Those, therefore, who distort his meaning in this in- 
stance, reflect dishonor upon the memory of Wash- 
ington. 

" Capt. Maxwell's company proved a valuable ac- 
cession to the American army ; they were efficient in 
aiding to turn the tide of the Revolution at Trenton, 
and did good service in the conflict at Assanpink and 
in the sanguinary battle at Princeton." 

The following inscription upon the tombstone of 
this sterling patriot, in the Greenwich churchyard, 
briefly recites his history and records his worth : 

'•In Memory of 

John Maxwell, Esq., 

Second son of John and Anne Maxwell. 

He was born in the County of Tyrone, Ireland, 

Nov. 2.'), a.d , 173!), 

And at an early age emigrated with his father 

To New Jersey. 

He. was a Lieutenant in the First Company raised in Sussex 

County, for the defense of his adopted Country 

In the Revolutionary War; 

And soon after, in the darkest hour of her fortunes, 

joined the army of General Washington as a Captain of a 

Company of Volunteers. 

He was engaged iu the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, 

Germantown, Monmouth, and Springfield, 

And ever distinguished himself as a brave ami able officer. 

Having served bis Country iu various 

Civil and military offices, 

And faithfully discharged his various duties 

As a Soldier, Citizen, and a Christian, 

He closed a long and useful life at bis residence 

At Flemington, 

February loth, a.d. 1828, 

In the Eighty-Ninth Year of bis Age." 

Thomas Anderson, clerk of the Sussex County 
Committee of Safety, was born about 1742 or 1743, 
and was consequently about thirty-three years of age 
at the time the Declaration of Independence was 
signed. After the war broke out he remained iu the 
county, ferreting out the Tories and bringing them to 
the alternative either of giving their adhesion to the 
cause of liberty or of submitting to such pains and 
penalties as could be legally indicted upon them. In 
this work lie was heartily assisted by Evi Adams, 
Esq., of Wantage, and James Davidson, Esq., of 
Greenwich. During a considerable portion of the war 



he acted as assistant deputy quartermaster-general, 
and attended to forwarding flour, chopped feed, hemp, 
etc., from this county for the sustenance and use of 
the army. The three points to which supplies from 
Sussex were sent were Trenton, Morristown, and New 
Windsor. Cavalry-horses worn down in the service 
were assigned to Mr. Anderson, who had to procure 
keeping for them proper to recuperate and refit them 
for the army. This office was one of great importance, 
and he discharged its duties with skill and fidelity. 
There were few wagons in the county, and it was 
necessary to procure some from a distance. Teams 
also were scarce and difficult to be obtained. The 
roads were new and ill adapted to transporting pur- 
poses, yet Mr. Anderson persevered until it was found 
impracticable to forward supplies with the means at 
command. In this emergency Washington sent an 
order to Moore Furman, Mr. Anderson's principal, 
empowering him to confiscate teams'whenever neces- 
sary, and, where forage could not be procured by pur- 
chase, to impress supplies of that also. This delicate 
duty Mr. Anderson discharged with firmness, the pub- 
lic service demanding extraordinary measures. If 
there were complaints of individual hardships, the 
general good was promoted. 

The army-supplies raised in Sussex and forwarded 
to the various military posts were of great service in 
strengthening the sinews of war, and all who were 
engaged in this useful business were quite as effect- 
ually rolling on the ball of the Revolution as those 
who "spent their dearest action on the tented field." 

Mr. Anderson was appointed in 1785 the first surro- 
gate of Sussex County, which office he held by suc- 
cessive reappointments until his death, in 1807. He 
was also acting clerk of the county from 1770 to 1777. 

Among the papers left at his death have been found 
some documents which will doubtless be of great in- 
terest to the present generation. We print a few of 
them below. The first is a literal transcript of the 
order of Gen. Washington, above referred to, respect- 
ing the impressment of teams and forage for the use 
of the army : 

" To MooitE Fukman, Esq., Drpvtij Q. ill. Genl: 

" The present critical and important conjuncture requiring every pos- 
sible effort to forward the Stores and Provisions for the use of the Army, 
and the present embarrassment ill the Quartermaster General's Depart- 
ment rendering it impracticable to provide compotentmeansin the ordi- 
nary way, yon are hereby authorized and empowered to impress as many 
teams iu the State of Now Jersey as you may find necessary for the pur- 
pose above mentioned, with respect to those articles which are under our 
direction. And in order that an adequate supply of forage may had, you 
will provide by purchase, impress or otheiw'se the Quantity necessary, 
for which this shall be your warrant. 
" Giveu at Head Quart, rs, 

'• Robinson House, Slate of Now York, 

"July 30,1780. 

u Georqe Washington." 

Another of these documents shows that Robert 
Morris, chief justice of New Jersey, and John Cleves 
Symmes, one of the justices of the Supreme Court of 
Judicature, commissioned Mr. Anderson "to take 
especial recognizance, administer oaths," etc., in Sus- 



SUSSEX AN'H war ken COUNTIES in the revolution. 



G3 



sex County. The commission is dated New Bruns- 
wick, April 10, 1778, anil signed by Robert .Morris 
and John ( Sieves Symmes. 

It would appear that in 1765 the stock of leather 
bad become exhausted in Sussex County. Mr. An- 
dei on, taking a benevolent interest in liis relative, 
Mr. Joseph Collier, sends him to Trenton for a new 
supply, with the following letter addressed to Mr. 
Stacy Potts, of thai place, offering himself as security 
tor his friend : 



" Alibi.' ni'-Ht ii stranger to you, and a x*onng Fellow jmtl beginning 
Id, and nothing Before Hand, and, thank God, bul llttli 

Baud, 1 have, upon my relation**, Mr. J ph Collier's request, made 

bold to wrlto yon lu his behair, and Desire yon - ] lot hltn have Bli ot 

Eight P Isworthol Leather,and take me rot l>i* Security for that 

nun ; and in so doing will much oblige 

"Your Humble Sorvt. 

" TlIOM» AXDEDSON. 



■M 



'March 28, 1760.' 



The original of which the following is a copy was 
addressed to Mr. Anderson by Joseph -N. Shippen, 

asking his advice as to how two negroes could In- 
saved from the death-penalty —then in force — for 

stealing. The writer seems to have been very much 

in earnest to save the lives of these unfortunate crim- 
inals, and writes: 

" I'ic. Sot,— Tli.' bearer hu a Nlgro "i Hon Dopui's ami another "f 

mine, under a c mltmenl to Sussex Goal, from Mr. Van Borne, for u 

Ihofl fi Mr. Hoops, which cannot be tried conveniently unless !"■ «:l. 

ut home, and then, I Imagine, we might have thorn tried by Ihr ■ 

(bur Magistrates, and an end made t" the aflair without taking their liw*. 
Pray send mu your ml vice wlmt u ill In. lh.. !..-*! v\,.y I., r mi. I., mt in tin. 
matter, ;>u.l 1 will thankfully reward you for it and whutever trouble 
yon tnaytake In obliging ma Oue iiiin.; more, 1 beg thai yon «iil 

plea " i del in b refreshments for Iiiin while he i* there as yon tliink 

proper, I "ill pay it lam Kick in bed, unable t.. ride opoi I would 
i myaell ..n.l consult in.' [natter rally with you. 

" Know, however, that I will most assuredly reward yon to your satis* 
IscUon. I cnnl at present tell you the affile exactly, but will ■ 

i ■ you. Excuse iiii- very Inc i ecrmwltas I write In the 

greatest pain lyhik' In my bed. 
"I um lir Sir, 

" Voni ready Friend and very BTmblc Sevt 

n Jomu?u N. SuiPPBsr. 

"Oxroun, 27 June, 

Col. Johs Cleves Symmes was a leading mem- 
ber Of the Sussex C inittce of Safety, and one of 

the eminent men of the State. In the fall of l77o he 
repaired, with the battalion under his command, to 
Mmris County, and formed part of the brigade under 
Col. Jacob Ford. On the L4thof December of that 
year, while quartered at Camden and charged with 
the duty of covering the retreat of Wash 
through New Jersey, Col. Ford received intelligence 
thai eighl hundred British troops, commanded by 
(leu. Leslie, had advanced to Springfield, four miles 
from Chatham, ami he ordered Col. Symmes to pro- 
ceed to Springfield and cheek the approach of the 

enemy if possible. Accordingly, Col. Symmes, with 
a detachment ot' the brigade, marched to that village 
an. I attacked the British in the morning. This was 

one of I he first checks Leslie met with alter leaving 



Elizabethtown, hut other- soon followed, and his fur- 
ther progress in that direction was effectually slopped. 
In the skirmish at Springfield, (apt. Samuel Kuy- 
kcinlal, of Sussex County, had hi- hand split from 

the middle finger to the wrist by a musket-ball, — a 

wound which finally deprived hiin of the u f his 

ami. We find in tic records of the county, at New- 
ton, that on Ech. 21. L78-2, Col. Syinnie- appeared 

before ' ruisbert Sutfin, one of tin- justices of the peace 
for Sussex County, and made affidavit that the con- 
tents 'i a certih ite if i i 1 1 1 1 1 1 ■> given 1< him to 
Capt. Samuel Kuykendal was true; whereupon the 
court made the following order: 

■■ The '-..Hi bavins taken tin- same mi aldoratl are of the opin- 
ion tlmt tin - hi - unn. 1 Klrkendall (Kuykendal) i- entitled to 
the half-pay of a Captain from tin- -«i.l seventeenth day •■! I 
..in- thousand seven hundred and sevcuty-elx, mentioned In the said cur- 
llflcntoof Col. Symmes; and the Court is alsu of oniulou thai the said 

Capt Sa 1 Klrkendall (Kuykendal] Is capable ol doing Guard 

rison Duty In the Curpe of Invalids, and order that a Certlflcal 
accordingly. 11 

Timothy Symmes, John McMurtry.and Isaac Mar- 
tin were the judges on the bench when this order was 
made. 

Col. Symmes was made one of the judges of the 
Supreme < lour) ot New Jersey soon after tie- battle of 
Springfield, and retired from active duty as a military 
officer, lie wa-. however, prominent in civil and ju- 
dicial affairs till after the close of the Revolution, 

when his eminent services Were transferred to another 
Ii. Id of usefulness and honor.* 
Capt. Joseph Haekee, another member of the 

Sussex t ininittee cf Sift-.- was in iittive service, 

and distinguished himself at the battle of Minisink, 
.Inly 22, 177'.'. 

M\i. Sami i.i. Mi:i:ki:k was also engaged in the 
battle of Minisink, in which he was wounded. 

After the fearful massacre of July 20, 1779, perpe- 
trated by Brant upon the defenseless settlers along 
the Neversink, intelligence was immediately conveyed 
by dispatch to both Sussex ami < frange Counties. Col. 
Tustin, of ( roshen, summoned the officers of hi- regi- 
ment, with all the men they could muster, to 

-,! morning at Minisink. They promptly at- 
tended to the order, and Mai. Meeker and t'apt. 
Marker, of the Sussex militia, with a lone of men 
under their command, also appeared at the place of 

rendezvous. A council of war was immediately held. 

The enemy, it Was then reported, was five hundred 

strong, two hundred of whom wen- Tories painted 
like Indians, and the whole under the command of 
Brant. 

Ii was thought by < 'ol. Tustin unadvisable, with the 
small force then- assembled, to attempt pursuit, hut 

the impetUOUS and daring Meeker mounted his hor>c. 

and, brandishing his -word, exclaimed, " Let the 
brave men follow me; cowards may stay behind I" 
This energetic action decided the question, tor. as 

: Walpack, in tl.u 
wore; also short sketch in "Bench ail 



u 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



none wished to be considered cowards, all fell into line 
and went in pursuit of the enemy. They marched 
about seventeen miles that day, and camped upon the 
ground which had been occupied the night before by 
the Indians and Tories. On their way they had been 
reinforced by a small detachment under Col. Hathorn, 
of Warwick. Here it was discovered that the force 
of the enemy was fully as great as had been supposed, 
and the more cautious of the officers declined further 
pursuit until their numbers should be increased by 
reinforcements. Among those who advised this was 
Col. Hathorn, who now, as senior officer, had assumed 
command of the expedition. Maj. Meeker made 
another appeal to the courage of the party, which 
had the effect of overturning all dissuasive argu- 
ments, and it was decided to pursue and attack the 
Indians at all hazards. 

On the morning of the 22d the march was resumed, 
and on the summits of the hills skirting the Delaware 
the Indians were discovered strolling leisurely along 
about three-fourths of a mile ahead. The purpose 
was now formed to push on and attack them opposite 
the mouth of the Lackawaxen, where they had for- 
warded their plunder, and where there was a place for 
fording the river. But the wily Indians, under cover 
of the hills, passed to the right and concealed them- 
selves in a ravine, over which the militia forces passed 
without suspicion, and were soon surprised by dis- 
covering that the enemy whom they pursued was in 
the rear. This gave the Indians an opportunity to 
cut off part of their force, so that only about eighty 
men were left to bear the brunt of the battle. They 
hastily formed into a hollow square on as favorable 
ground as they could select, and fought with great 
coolness and determination till their ammunition was 
exhausted, when no resource was left them but to club 
their guns and face the savage enemy as best they 
could. Strength and endurance finally gave way 
before overpowering numbers, and of the eighty men 
engaged in the action forty-four were killed or died of 
their wounds in the surrounding forest. Maj. Meeker 
was wounded, but not fatally ; he was afterwards 
major in Col. Van Dyck's regiment of New Jersey 
troops, Oct. 9, 1779. Col. Hathorn and Capt. Harker 
were among the survivors. 

Moses Dewitt, another Sussex County man, was 
also conspicuous in this battle. Dr. Wilson, in de- 
scribing the action, says, "Several attempts to break 
into our lines had failed, but just as the fire began to 
slacken one man, who had guarded the northeast 
angle of the hollow square, and who had kept up 
from behind a rock a destructive fire upon the enemy, 
fell, and the Indian and Tory crew broke in upon our 
ranks like a resistless deluge." 

Mr. Edsall, commenting upon this statement, says, 
" I have authority for saying that the man who thus 
held the Indians in check was Moses Dewitt, of Wan- 
tage. Nor did he fall as represented ; his musket, by 
repeated discharges, became too hot for handling, 



and, seeing at a little distance a comrade who had a 
gun which he was not using (for he seemed intent 
only upon sheltering himself from the enemy), De- 
witt started to get that unemployed gun ; in doing so 
he exposed his person, and the balls immediately 
rattled around him like hail. He fled for his life; a 
number of the enemy pursued him ; they fired at him 
repeatedly ; but soon a ravine presented itself. He 
turned into it, and the Indians fortunately lost his 
trail. Venturing out as soon as he dared, he laid his 
course for the nearest block-house. Upon reaching 
the river-flat he overtook two of his comrades, one of 
whom could not walk, having cut and lacerated his 
feet by running upon the rough stones and rocks. 
Dewitt had a Canvas jacket, which he took off, rent 
in twain, and bound it around the man's feet. Still 
he could not travel ; and so to drag him to as good a 
place of concealment as could be found without loss 
of time, and to take care of themselves, were their only 
alternatives, and they fortunately proved effectual. 
Soon after they reached the fort a horse was procured, 
and under cover of night their crippled comrade was 
found and his life saved." 

Mr. Edsall mentions the names of Daniel Talmage, 
Capt. Stephen Mead, and Nathan Wade, of Sussex 
County, who fell in the battle of Minisink, and thinks 
it not improbable that at least one-fourth of the whole 
who perished there were citizens of Sussex, although 
no credit has been given to the county in the various 
histories of the engagement which have been written. 

On July 22, 1822, the bones of those who fell in 
this action, after lying forty-three years in the wil- 
derness, were interred with suitable ceremonies in the 
cemetery at Goshen, Orange Co., N. Y. 

Col. Kennedy and Col. Gardiner both com- 
manded regiments of Sussex militia during the strug- 
gle for independence. 

Majs. Robert Hoops, Abram Besherer, and 
Thomas Dunn were likewise in active service. 

Col. John Rosenkrans and Maj. Samuel 
Westbrook were also actively engaged during the 
war. Col. Rosenkrans accompanied Gen. Sullivan in 
his campaign against the Indians of the Upper Sus- 
quehanna and Genessee valley in 1779. Gen. Max- 
well also commanded a brigade in that memorable 
campaign. One battalion of Col. Rosenkrans' regi- 
ment was led by Maj. Samuel Westbrook against a 
party of Indians, April 19, 1780. In this action 
Capt. Peter Westbrook was killed. 

Col. John Seward.— This officer had command 
of the Second Regiment of Sussex Volunteers during 
the war of the Revolution. His father, Obadiah 
Seward, came from Wales, and settled on Black (now 
Lamington) River, in Somerset Co., N. J. Here 
John Seward, the subject of this notice, and grand- 
father of the late eminent statesman, William H. 
Seward, was born, May 22, 1730. His wife, Mary 



* Buttle of Conncsliaugh. 



SUSSEX A\l> WAKKHN f'OUNTIKS IN TIIK KKVOUTK IX. 



65 



Swezy,* was born in the same neighborhood, April ::, 
I?::.".. They wire married at Roxbury, N. .1.. by 
Hi'.. Mr. By ram, March 22, 1751. Sirs. Seward died 
at the residence of her son, Dr. Samuel Swezy Sew- 
ard, in Florida, Orange Co., N. Y., Feb. 29, 1816, 
aged eighty-three 
Col. John Seward was a member of the board of 

freeholders from I lard\ stun township, I'roin 1767 to 

1779. lie was present with the hoard for most of 
these years, notwithstanding his active Bervice in the 
Revolutionary army.t 

\i i In- breaking out of the Revolution he entered 
the service as captain of a company in the S cond 
Regiment of Susses Volunteers, lie was promoted 
to lieutenant-colonel, Feb. 28, 1777, and subsequently 
i" colonel of his regiment. He remained in the Ber- 
viee till tin- close "1' the war, as appears from au old 
roll made out by Joseph Gaston, paymaster of the 
Sussex regiment. Col. Seward was very active dur- 
ing the Revolutionary struggle, and was noted as an 
excellent shot with the rifle, lie was present when 

the lead statue of King George gracing Howling 
Green, in the city of New York, was taken down to 

he ran into bullets by the Whigs of the Revolution. 

II. was trusted by the officers of the army, :nel re- 

Bpected as a brave man by his neighbors. That he 

was feared by the British and Tories is attested by the 
fact that for the safely of his family and himself his 

house was barricaded and otherwise kept in a state of 
defense, and by the -till more significant fact that fifty 

I mis of British sold was ..tiered for his head, lie 

die.l mi in- farm near Snufftown, Hardyston town- 
Bhip, Sussex Co., Dec. 29, 1797, in the sixty-eighth 

year id' bi 

The children of Col. John Seward were nine in 
number, as follows: 

1. Polly, born 177.2; married Capt. Richard Edsall, 

1771 ; died eighl months after at Merrill's Island, 
\\ arw i.k, N. Y., aged nineteen. She was buried at the 

Reformed Dutch church in Warwick. Capt. Edsall 
had command of a company in Col. Seward's regi 
menl of Sussex men in the Revolutionary army. 

2. Obadiah, born 1754; married, and resided on a 
farm near Surd8town, Morris Co. He Was a lieu- 
tenant and afterwards a captain in his father's Second 
Etassex Regiment. Eedied about 1792, leaving bis 

property to his son .John. 

.';. Nancy, born 1756 ; died 1762. 

•I. Infant daughter, born 1758. 

6, Elizabeth Swezy, born 1759; died 17:1:1. 
1;. Hester, born 1762 ; died in infancy. 

7. John, bom .1 10, L765; became a colonel of 

militia after the Revolution, and on the decease of 

his father inherited his estate in I lanl\ st.,11. About 
the beginning of the century he -old hi- land- and 

moved, flrst to Ohio and subsequently to Billsbor- 

iil.'l .•>.-. j.v.-u writ-known i.....ih in Suuu, Warren, an.l 
Hunterdon Countlw. 

. guaaiu County. 



oiigh. III., where he r.ar.d a large family and became 

a wealthy landholder. When an old man, nearly 

fifty year- ago, he eame on a Visit with hi- wife to 
their relatives J,, Sussex and I (range I 'utilities. 

8. Samuel Swezy, born 1 lee. .*., 1768. 1 I >r. Salon. I 
Swe/\ Seward, father of William II. Seward, who 
removed to Florida, Orange Co., X. Y., in 179".. See 
sketch i edical chapter, in tin- work.) 

9. ferael, born 177.".: died 1 77','. 

The old Col. Seward homestead is situ.it. .1 about 
one and a half miles from Snillltown, on the road 

leading to Vernon. It was formerly in Vernon town- 
ship, but was included in a strip subsequently 

t.. I lar.K -ton. The place is now known as the Mar- 
gerum neighborhood, the estate being owned by the 
Margeriiin family. 

III.— WOMEN OF SUSSEX IX TIIK REVOLUTION. 

The men of the Revolution were not alone. The 

women of that day spoke the language of freed 

and taught it to their sons, brother-, hu-l.an.l-, and 

lovers. In the .V. a- Jersey QazetU of July 12,1780, 
we find the following noticeable paragraph : 

"The ladies of Trenton, in New Jersey, simulating 
the noble example of their patriotic -isters of Penn- 
sylvania, ami being de-iron- ..f manifesting their zeal 
in the glenous eause i f 'vmeruan Iilartv , bavin,, the; 
day i .Inly 4th I assembled for the purpose of promoting 

a subscription for the relief and encouragement of 
those brave men in the ( lontinental army who, regard- 
less ..I' danger, have so repeatedly Buffered, fought, 
and bl.d in the eause of virtue and their oppr. --. I 
Country, and taking into consideration the scattered 

situation of the well-disposed through the State who 
would wish to contribute to so laudable an under- 
taking, have. f.,r the convenience of such, ami more 
especially to carry their scheme int.. execution, unan- 
imously appointed Mrs. Dickereon, Mrs. i'..\, Mrs. 

Furman, and Mi-- < 'adwalader a committee whose 

duty it shall be to correspond with the ladies here- 
after named, of the different counties throughout the 

Slat.-, whose aid and influence in their several dis- 
trict- tie- la. lie- now nut have taken the liberty to 

.-..licit in promoting -aid subscriptions." 

The ladies selected for this noble and patriotic work 

were the most respectable ami influential in the sev- 
eral counties: among them were Mr-. Condict, Mr-. 

Hornblower, Mr-. Burnet, Mr-. Parsons, Mr-. . ! 
Mrs. Forrnan, Mr-. Cox, Lady Stirling, Mrs. Stock- 
ton, Morris, Bloomfleld, Elmer, Boudinot, F.r-kine, 

and many others like-minded. The committee for 

Sussex » lounty was composed of Mrs. < iouncillor < >g- 
den, Mr-. < lol. Thompson, Mr-. Mai. Hoops, and Mr-. 
Thomas Anderson. 

This -how- what an active part the women of the 

Revolution took in securing the liberty of the > • 

try. Their exertion- in the cause were uiiobtru-ive. 
yet none the b— effective. Ft was appropriate that 
men should take that position in the great struggle 



66 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



which made their services more conspicuous, but it is 
not appropriate or just in us, their descendants, to 
overlook or forget the mothers of the land in that 
tribute of respect and gratitude which it is our pleas- 
ure to pay to the fathers. They beheld husband, 
father, brother, son, go forth to battle, yet they com- 
plained not, nor allowed the great deprivations they 
endured to prostrate their energies. As a general 
rule, they were superior to adversity. Besides dis- 
charging the household duties to which they had 
been accustomed, often including articles of domestic 
manufacture to clothe their families and the care of 
large families of children, they cheerfully went forth 
to the fields and successfully performed those hardy 
tasks which in civilized countries are properly im- 
posed upon men. The following paragraph, extracted 
from a newspaper dated July 25, 1776, will show what 
the women of that period did in this State as well as 
in New England : 

. " We hear from New Jersey and Connecticut that, 
a great part of the men being absent on military ser- 
vice, and the time of harvest coming on, the women, 
assisted by the elderly men whose age rendered them 
unfit for the army, have so effectually exerted them- 
selves that they have generally got in their harvest 
completely, the laudable example being set by the 
ladies of first character in each place. And we are 
credibly informed that they will take the farming 
business upon themselves so long as the rights and 
liberties of their country require the presence of their 
sons, husbands, and lovers in the field." 

The pen of the historian has borne testimony that 
" the women of Sussex, in self-denial, in patient en- 
durance, and in the display, when necessary, of truly 
heroic qualities, were, exceeded by none in the land. 
Here they have been known to take up the rifle to 
defend themselves against the Indians, or to mount 
the fleet charger and ride for miles through the wil- 
derness, amid storm and darkness, to summon aid 
when danger was impending. Such were your moth- 
ers, citizens of Sussex, — women who possessed all the 
tenderness of feeling, all the shrinking modesty, 
which become their sex, but who scorned, as all 
right-minded females ought to scorn, that contempti- 
ble affectation of timidity which shrieks to see a 
spider crawl and swoons at the sight of a mouse."* 



CHAPTER X. 

SUSSEX AND WAEHEtT COUNTIES IN THE 
REVOLUTION (Continued). 

TROOPS FURNISHED BY THE COUNTY DURING 

THE WAR. 

I.— REGULAR TROOPS OP THE JERSEY LINE. 

The Continental troops of the " Jersey Line," 
raised in 1775, embraced two battalions, known at 



* IMhuH'm " CojiU-iiuiul AUlIi'i 



first as the Eastern and the Western, afterwards as the 
First and the Second. The First Battalion was com- 
manded by Col. William Alexander (Lord Stirling), 
and after his promotion to brigadier-general in the 
Continental army by Col. William Winds, who was 
previously lieutenant-colonel of the same battalion. 
It embraced eight companies, commanded by Capts. 
Joseph Morris, Silas Howell, John Conway, John 
Polhemus, Joseph Meeker, Andrew McMires, Daniel 
Piatt, and Elias Longstreet. The Second Battalion 
was commanded by Col. William Maxwell, and the 
captains of its eight comjianies were William Faulk- 
ner, Joseph Brearley, James Lawrie, William Shute, 
Richard Howell, John B. Scott, Joseph Stout, and 
Archibald Shaw. 

Authority was given, Jan. 10, 1776, for the organi- 
zation of a Third Battalion ; it was placed in com- 
mand of Col. Elias Dayton, the company commanders 
being Samuel Potter, Thomas Patterson, John Ross, 
William E. Imlay, Peter Dickerson, Thomas Reading, 
Joseph Bloomfield, and Anthony Sharp. 

A second establishment of troops from New Jersey 
for the Continental army was made by the Congress 
of the United Colonies, Sept. 16, 1776, under which 
the quota of this State was four battalions. Their 
organization was effected late in November and in the 
following month. The battalions were commanded 
as follows : 

First Battalion, Col. Silas Newcomb, subsequently 
promoted to be brigadier-general of militia; he was 
succeeded by Lieut.-Col. Matthias Ogden. 

Second Battalion, Col. Isaac Shreve. 

Third Battalion, Col. Elias Dayton. 

Fourth Battalion, Col. Ephraim Martin. 

The company officers of the above commands were : 
First Battalion, Capts. Joseph Morris, Silas Hcwell, 
John Conway, John Polhemus, Andrew McMires, 
Daniel Piatt, Elias Longstreet, and Daniel Baldwin. 

Second Battalion (first arrangement), Capts. Joseph 
Brearley, James Lawrie, William Shute, Joseph Stout, 
Archibald Shaw, James Dillon, Thomas Yard, and 
Ephraim Anderson ; (new arrangement) Capts. James 
Lawrie, Joseph Stout, James Dillon, Thomas Yard, 
Ephraim Anderson, John Hollingshead, John N. 
dimming, Samuel Reading, and Henry Luce. 

Third Battalion, Capts. Peter Dickerson, Thomas 
Patterson, John Ross, John Doughty, John Mott, 
William B. Gilford, William Gordon, and Jacob 
Rosenkrans. 

Fourth Battalion (first arrangement), Capts. 
Thomas Morrell, Robert Gaston, John Anderson, 
William Bond, James Holmes, Jonathan Kiusey, 
Jonathan Forman, and Abraham Lyon ; (new ar- 
rangement) Capts. William Bond, John Anderson, 
Noadiah Wade, James Holmes, Jonathan Kiusey, 
Jonathan Forman, Abraham Lyon, and John Pear- 
son. 

These four battalions constituted " Maxwell's Bri- 
gade," commanded by William Maxwell, of Sussex, 



SIJSSKX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE REV< tLITK i.V. 



G7 



he having been elected brigadier-general by Congress 
in ( October, 177U. 

A new arrangement of the American army was 
made by Congress .May -11, 1778, under which the 
Jersey troops in the campaign of 1 T 7 '. » constituted 
three battalions. Feb.it. 17.su, < 'ongrcss ealled upon 
this State for Bixteen hundred and twenty men to fill 
the "Jersey Line" for the campaign of that year. 
To supply the deficiency, volunteers were called for, 
large bounties offered, and muster-masters appointed, 
Maj. John Van Vleet beingmaster for Sussex. June 
1 iih the acl of the Legislature was amended, under 
which the quota of Sussex was fifty men. June 25th 
recruiting-officers were appointed, ('apt. ( iem r< lb \ 
nolds serving for thi unty of Sussex. 

The three regiments thus raised were commanded 
by Cols. Matthias Ogden, Isaac Shreve, and Elias 
Dayton respectively. The company officers were, — 

Firsl Regiment, Capts. Jonathan Forman, John 
Flahaven, Giles Mead, Alexander Mitchell, IVter V. 
Vporheers, John Holmes. 

Second Regiment, Capts. John Hollingshead, John 
N. Cumming, Samuel Reading, Nathaniel Bowman, 
Jonathan Phillips, William Helms. 

Third Regiment, Capts. John Ross, William Clif- 
ford, Richard Cox, Jeremiah Ballard, Joseph I. An- 
derson, Bateman Lloyd. 

Gen. Maxwell continued ci nander of the Jersej 

Brigade until he resigned, in July, 1780. Col. Elias 
Dayton, as senior ollieer, then assumed the position, 
remaining until the close of the war. 

The news of the cessation of hostilities was an- 
nounced in the camp of the brigade April 19, 1783, 
ami the ''Jersey Line" was discharged November 3d 

pf thai year. 

n.— THE MILITIA 1,1 \ ii S 
At various times during the war New Jersey, by 

reason oi its exposure to the incursions of the British 
army ami the ravages of Tories and Indians, found it 

necessary I bodj a certain quota of volunteers 

from the militia of the different counties. These 
were sometimes called " New Jersej levies" and "five 
months' levies," imi were generally designated a* State 
troops. Of these, Sussex County (which then em- 
braced what is now Warren) furnished the following : 

Under the ael of Nov. 27, 1776, for the rai 
tour battalions, Sussex furnished two companies. 

These, with two companies E Somerset and four 

from Hunterdon, formed a battalion of which David 
Chambers was colonel, Jacob West lieu tenant- colonel, 

and Kuos Kelscy major. The lour battalions formed 

one brigade, of which Gen. Matthias Williamson had 

co land. 

Under the call of Oct. i>, 177'J, tor lour thousand 

volunteers for service until Dec. 20, 1779, two regi- 

jnents, of ten companies each, were raised, t 

which contained the Sussex • 'ounty quota. The 
amended militia law of Aug. 16, 177"', gave this 

county two regiments and one battalion. "Minute- 



men" having been raised in Sussex, Morris, and Som- 
erset, this ordinance also ordered, iii obedience to the 
recommendation of the Continental < longress, that all 
the counties furnish them, and prescribed the propor- 
tions for each, the apportionment for Sussex being 

five companies. 

The Provincial ( 'ongress pa— ed an ordinance. June 

1 I. I77i;. to raise the three thousand three hundred 
troops called for by the Continental Congress. This 

lone was divided into live battalion-, of eight com- 
panies each, and the service limited to Dec. I, 1776. 
( >ne of the battalions contained four companies from 

Sussex I ounty I the remaining half were from Morris), 

and was officered as follow-: Colonel, Ephraim Mar- 
tin; Lieutenant-Colonel, John Munson; Major, I 

nelius Ludlow; Adjutant, Joseph King; Quarter- 
master, Joshua Gordon; Surgeon. Jonathan Horton ; 
Surgeon's Male, David Ervin. This was in the bri- 
gade of Gen. Nathaniel Heard. 

July 111, 177ii, Congress i . •. jii. — t . o 1 the Convention 
Of New Jersey to supply with militia the place- of two 
thousand men of Gen. Washington's army who had 
been ordered to march into New Jersey to form the 
Flying Camp. One of the four battalions thus raised 
contained two Sussex companies, of sixty-four men 
each, Col. Marie Thompson being its commanding 

ollieer. 

Enactments regulating the militia were passed in 
1777 and the Subsequent years of the war. In 177s 
the militia troops were divided into brigades. In 
1780 bounties of sixty dollars (Continental money) 
were offered to privates for service of one month. In 
17-1 the militia was tonne. 1 into three brigades in- 
stead of I wo, I he troops of Sussex, with tho-o of K— ex, 
Morris, etc., constituting the " Upper Brigade." 

III.— ROSTERS OF OFFICERS AMD PRIVATES. 

The troops of Sussex County, under this last ar- 
rangement, were composed of two regiments and a 
battalion, with the following offici i- : 

First Regiment. — Colonel, William Maxwell, fol- 
lowed successively by Mark Thompson and Lieut- 
Col. Jacob West ; Lieutenant-Colonel, Jacob West, 

succeeded by Matthias Shipman and by Capt. Wil- 
li. on Bond; First Major. Matthias Shipman, BUC- 
!■,■• ded by John B. Scott and < 'apt. John Vim Vlcct ; 

s.c i Major, Edward Demand, succeeded by Lieut. 

Abr. Besherer; Quartermaster, Robert Arnold; Sur- 
geon, Robert ( 'uinmins. 

■■/ Regiment, 'Colonel, Ephraim Martin, suc- 
ceeded by Aaron Hankinson and John Seward, the 
hitler promoted from rank of lieutenant-col,, ml ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, John Seward, succeeded by 
Daniel Harker; First Major, .lame- Broderick and 

Francis Eeadley; s id Major. Samuel Meeker; 

Adjutant, Joseph Linn: Quartermaster, Isaac Hull. 

succeeded by Henry Johnson; Surgi Cornelius 

Baldwin. 

Battalion. — Colonel, John Clevee Bymmes, 



GS 



SUSSP]X AND WARREN COTOTIES. NEW JERSEY. 



succeeded by Capt. John Rosekranz; Major, Samuel 
Westbrook and John Cortright, each successively pro- 
moted from captaincies ; Surgeon, Dr. J. Avert. 

The following is a list of nearly one thousand sol- 
diers from Sussex County who served in the Conti- 
nental army and in the State militia during the 
Revolutionary war:* 

Aaron Hankinson, colonel, Second Regiment, Feb. 28, 1777. 

Ephraim Martin, colonel, Second Regiment, 177G; colonel in Continental 
army. 

William Maxwell, colonel, First Regiment; also brigadier-general Con- 
tinental army. 

John Munson, colonel, Western Battalion, 1777 ; lieutenant-colonel Mar- 
tin's Battalion, Heard's Brigade, June 14, 1776. 

John Rosenkranz, colonel, Third Battalion, May 23, 1777; pro. from 
captain. 

John Seward, colonel, Second Regiment ; lieutenant-colonel Feb. 28, 1777 ; 
pro. from captain. 

John Cleves Symmes, colonel, Third Battalion; resigned May 23, 1777, to 
accept appointment as justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey. 

Mark Thompson, colonel, First Regiment, July 10, 1776 ; lieutenant-col- 
onel Stewart's battalion " Minute-Men," Fob. 15, 177G ; colonel bat- 
talion "Detached Militia," July 18, 1776; resigned. 

Jacob West, colonel, First Regiment, June G, 1777 ; pro. from lieutenant- 
colonel; also lieutenant-colonel of Chambers' battalion State troops, 
Nov. 27, 1776. 

William Bond, lieutenant-colonel, First Regiment, Oct. 7,1778; pro. from 
captain; also captain in Fourth Battalion, Second Establishment, 
Continental army, Nov. 28, 177G; retired Sept. 26, 1780. 

Daniel Harker, lieutenant-colonel, Second Regiment; resigned Feb, 6, 
1777. 

Matthias Shipman, lieutenant-colonel, First Regiment, June G, 1777 ; pro. 
from first major; resigned Oct. 2, 1778. 

Abraham Bescherer, second major, First Regiment, June 6, 1777; pro. 
from lieutenant Capt. Beaver's company, First Regiment. 

James Broderick, first major, Second Regiment; pro. from captain ; also 
captain in Continental army in '-Spencer's Regiment," Feb. 18, 1777; 
resigned. 

John Cortright, major, Third Battalion ; pro. from captain. 

Edward Demund, second major, First Regiment, Sept. 28. 177G; resigned. 

Francis Headley, first major, Second Regiment, May 23, 1777. 

Samuel Meeker, captain : troop of Sussex light-horse; second uinjor Sec- 
ond Regiment; pro. from captain Second Regiment, May 23, 1777; 
wounded July 22, 1779 ; also major of Col. Vandike'e regiment State 
troops, Oct. 9, 1779. 

John B. Scott, first major, First Regiment; also captain in Continental 
army. 

John Van Vlect, first major, First Regiment; pro. from captain June 6, 
1777. 

Samuel Westbrook, major, Third Battalion ; pro. from captain ; also major 
battalion State troops. June 7, 1780. 

Josc-ph Linn, adjutant, Second Regiment. 

John Ityerson, adjutant, Second Regiment. 

Ludlam Salmon, adjutant, First Regiment. 

John Willing, ensign, Capt. Bonnell's company State troops; ensign, 
Sussex; adjutant, Sussex. 

Robert Arnold, quartermaster. First Regiment. 

Isaac (lull, quartermaster, Second Regiment. 

Henry Johnson, quartermaster, Second Regiment. (See, also, list of 
captains.) 

Timothy Symmes, quartermaster. 

Avan Ross Westhrwok, second lieutenant, Capt. Cortright's company, 



* It is imposaible to give a list of all who served. Adjt.-Gen. Stryker's 
published reports and rosters — the most complete of any yet issued — are 
quite informal, after exhausting every available source of Information. 
It is to his reports we are indebted for the compilation hero presented. 
This lint does not contain the names of those from Sussox County who 
served in the three com panics of artillery raised in the State (commanded 
respectively by Capte. Frederick Frolinghuyson, Samuel Hugg, and Joshua 
Huddy), or who enlinted in the navy or In the light-horse (cavalry) ser- 
vice. The rosters of those commands do not show from what counties 
the men were unlisted, and it is impossible now to Identify them. 



Third Battalion; quartermaster Major VvYstbronk's battalion, State 

troops. 
Edward Dunlap, paymaster. 
John Stiles, paymaster. 
J. Avert, surgeon, Third Battalion. 
Cornelius Baldwin, surgeon, Second Regiment, Feb. 28, 177G ; surgeon 

Col. Hunt's battalion, " Heard's Brigade," July 8, 177G. 
Robert Cummins, surgeon, First Regiment. 
James Holme-, surgeon, battalion "Minute-Men," Oct. 23, 1775: also 

surgeon Continental army. 
David Ervin, surgeon's mate, Col. Martin's battalion, " Heard's Brigade," 

June 29, 1776; also surgeon Continental army. 

Captains. 

Ananias Allen, captain, Second Regiment. 

George Allen, captain, Second Regiment; pro. from lieutenant. 

James Anderson, captain, Fiist Regiment, June 6, 1777. 

William Arnet, captain. 

Robert Beavers, captain, First Regiment. 

Cyrus Beck with, captain, Second Regiment. 

William Blain, captain. 

A. Blauvelt, captain. 

Jacob Bockhoven, captain, Second Regiment. 

Benjamin Bonam, captain. 

James Bonnel, captain, Maj. Hayes' battalion, State troops ; also captain 
Continental army. 

William Bull, "Spencer's Regiment," Continental army (?). 

Lucas Brass, second lieutenant, Capt. Nyco*s company, First Regiment, 
June 6, 1777; captain, ditto. 

William Chambers, sergeant, Third Battalion; ensign, ditto; captain, 
ditto. 

Josiah Cole, captain. Second Regiment. 

Henry W. Cortright, captain, Third Battalion. 

Benjamin Coykindall, lieutenant, Second Regiment; captain, ditto. 

Frederick Cramer, first lieutenant, Capt. Anderson's company, First Regi- 
ment, June 6,1777; captain Maj. Westhrook's Battalion State troops. 

Elijah Davi^, captain, Second Regiment. 

Thomas Davis, captain. 

Philip Dodders, captain, Second Regiment. 

Jacobus Edsall, captain, Second Regiment. 

Richard Edsall, captain, Second Regiment; also first lieutenant Conti- 
nental army. 

Fitzgerald, ensign, Second Regiment; captain, ditto. 

John Frazer, captain. 

Conrad Guntennan, captain, Second Regiment. 

John Halbert, captain, Second Regiment. 

Joseph Harker, captain; pro. from lieutenant; wounded in action at 
Lackawaxon, Pa , July 22, 1779. 

Thomas Hill, sergeant, Second Regiment; captain, ditto. 

Abjjah Hopkins, captain, Second Regiment. 

Henry Hover, lieutenant, Third Battalion ; captain, ditto; captain Second 
Regiment. 

Manuel Hover, captain, Third Battalion; captain Second Regiment. 

Jackson, captain, First Regiment. 

Henry Johnson, captain, Second Regiment; also quartermaster. 

Abraham Johnson, captain, First Regiment, June G, 1777. 

Benjamin Kirkendall, captain, Second Regiment. 

Samuel Kirkendall, ensign, Capt. Benjamin Kirkendall's company, Sec- 
ond Regiment; captain, ditto. 

Simon Kirkendall, captain, Third Battalion; wounded Dec. 17, 177G. 

John Kirkpatrick, lieutenant, Capt. Henry Johnson's company, Second 
Regiment; captain, ditto. 

Christian Lougstreot, captain, Second Regiment. 

Henry Luce, captain; also captain in Continental army. 

Joseph Mackey, captain, First Regiment, Juno 6, 1777. 

Andrew Malick, captain, First Regiment. 

Reuben Manning, captain, First Regiment; captain Second Rogimont ; 
captain Maj. Westhrook's battalion. 

John Maxwell, captain, Second Regiment; pro. from lieutenant. 

David McCauloy, captain. 

Benjamin McCullough, captain, Heard's Brigade, June 14, 1776; captain 
First Regiment, May 24, 1777. 

Abraham McKinuey, captain. 

Duncan McVickers, lieutenant, Second Regiment ; captain, ditto. 

William Nyco, captain, First Regiment, June 6, 1777; captain Maj. 
Westhrook's battalion Stato troops. 

John Petty, captain, First Regiment, Juno G, 1777. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE REVOLUTION. 



69 



Jonatl Plttman, captain, Second Regiment 

Julin Pittlntier, enpt , Fir.-t Regiment, June D, 1777. 

Peter Putnam, captain. 

George Reynolds, capti I i ec md llentennnl in Continental army. 

George Rlbble, captain, Fliet Regiment Feb. 21, 1770. 

Obadfah Seward, captain, Sec i Reg int; pro. from lieutenant 

Peter It. Shaver, captain, Sec I Regiment. 

Abraham Shinier, captain, Third Battalion. 

Henry Shule, Unit lieutenant, Copt. Rlblle'a company First Regiment, 

Feb. 21, I77L; capt 'Hit.,. 

Sir sir r.m, captain, Second Regiment 

David Snmlley, ensign, Col. Hunt's battalion; ensign Ool.Th peon's 

battall Jul) 18, 177.; 

William Snook, captain, 

Jamei Sprowls, ensign, Capt. Bond 1 ! c pnny, Fonrth Battalion, 

Estal li-l m Cnntlneutal anny ; died June 20, 1777. 

Isaac sta^e, private, Second Regiment; pro. successively t>, sergeant, 

enalgu, lieutenant, cuptnlu ; also captalu in Col Thompt m*e battalion 

" Minute-Men." 
Jacob Stull [or Stull], captain, Second Regiment. 

Abram Swisher, captain, First Rcgl nt. 

Davhl N I" it, i mslgu.Capl Petty'scumpuuy, First Regiment, June 0, 1777 j 

captain, ditto, 
Petei Westbrook, captain, Third Battalion; died April 19, 1780. 

Wllhelm Wettfall, raptaln ; pro. Ir private. 

!»iu„- Winter, captain, Flral Regiment. 

Jacob Winter, captain, First Regl nt. 

Xhonint Woulnrt cnptalu; also captain of "Minute-Men," Sussex. 

I '. nojus, 

Peter Applebin, nontenant. 

Austin, lieutenant, Sec 1 Regiment. 

Hnnulng Blackford, sergenut, Capt. Gunlerman's compauy, Second Regi- 
ment: lleuteuant, ditto. 

George Buck hover, lleuteuaut, Cu] t. Jacob Bockkover'e i ipany, Si I 

Beglniont. 

Julm Brukuw, lieutenant, Capt. Dourj Hover's company, Se I Begi. 

ment. 

Olm.lhih Itinw ii, M.!^,. i u,f,('ii|,i, Swi-hci's company, First Regiment; ou- 
hl^ii, ditto; llruteuaut.dlttu 

Walter Brown, lleut t, Cap! Swisher's company, First Regiment, 

William Oatukuiich, lieutenant, Capt Bdsull'a company, 

Cuutorman, lieutenant, Capt, Stall's c run), Second Beg nl 

William Cuttance, lieutenant 

Ai.i,, i h erett, lleuteuant 

Jei sli Fergnsuu, lientenant, Capt, Cole's company, S I Bee "' 

Lewis Fisher, lleuteuant Capt Nyco'a compauy, Flisl Begimi nl 

B bio, sergeant, Capt. Shaver's compauy, Second Beglment; li.-u- 

teuaut 'lilt". 

i'l i«-< Hays, ond lieutenant, Capt Ualick'S company, First Regi- 
ment, Hay 24, 1777; alsu lleuteuant in Continental army. 

Cornelius Headland, lieutenant 

AbUe.li Hopkins, lieutenant, Capl Stull'a company, Second Regiment. 

Caleb 1 1 . ,|.K in-., Ileutenaut , slsu lleutonaul Capt. Bonnel's compauy State 
troops. 

. ompany, Third Battalion; 
lieutenant Becoud Beglniont 

John Kbj u, lieutenant, Capt, Guntoi man's c pan) . Second Regiment 

David Klrkpntrick, lluutonunt, Spe ment, < onl Dial army. 

I uowlton, lleutennut, Fli st Keglmeut, June 0,1777. 

i ' t Ijuee, ensign, Secuinl Bcglmeut; lleiitonuut, ditto. 

Harsh, lieutenant, Third Battalion. 

Antl v Maxwell, llenteiiaut, Spe i- regiment, Continental army. 

Bolumon Ulddnugh, tnslgu, Capt. Cole's i pany, S I U 

lie i. .int... 

Luke Ulsner, lieutenant, Capt i sstreet'g com) y,8c< ind Regl nt 

Jl ■ Patton, lleulonunt " I lapl Samnel 11 

dUehnrged .1 S, 1780, ou « ul ol wounds. 

Jacob li ., so I lieutenant, Capt Manuel Ruvar'a 

Third Battalion; lleutc it Capt Bonuol's company Stall ■ 

Nathaniel Solomon, lieutenant, Cupt Hark, nd Regl- 

ment. 

John Viiualtn, ensign, Capt Anderson's company, Kir»t Regiment, June 

», 1777; I, rulr , ,,,11.. 

John Van Nest, ensign, 1 1« i ■« . Hovor'a company, S nd Beglment; lieu- 
tenant ditto, 

Dnn Wcatli k, lieutenant 



Mansfield w Ihouse, lientenant, First Regiment, .lum- 6, 1777. 

Ephralm Woodruff, lieutenant. 

Edward Bowman, Oral tleuteiuuit, Oapt Ahr. Johnston^ com] 

Regl nt, June 8, 1777. 

James Hi ink, first lieutenant, dipt. Curtright'n company, Third Bat- 



talio 



il !'i-i lien tenant, Capt. Petty's company, First Rl 



Daniel Depue, lir^t lieutenant, Capt Hover's company, Thir.l Battall in. 

Andrew Dow, Orst lieutenant. Capt Mackay \i company, First Regiment, 
JuueO, 1777. 

Peter Kluuey, tir.-t lieutenant, Capt Jacob Wintart company, Pint 
Regiment 

John Martin, Rrsl lieutenant; also firat lieutenant in Continental army. 

Willi. in M, rim, in, first lieutenant. Capt. Benjamin Kiikeudall't , un- 
pen) , Sec I Regiment 

Samuel s, I ley, second lieutenant, Heard's Brlgade.June 24, 1776; see- 
on, I lieutenant First Regiment; lii si lieutenant, ditto, May 24,1777; 
, o ■ . ■ j . I lieutenant in Continental army. 

Matthias Strowder, Ural Ileutenaut, Capt Bockhovern company, Second 
Beglment 

Henry sinll. liist lieutenant, Capt. ltihhle'e company, First Regiment, 
June 6, 1777. 

Petei Van Nest, first lieutenant, Capt. Weatbruok\i oompajiy, Tiiinl Bat- 
talion. 

Daniel \.u. Ellen, nrst lieutenant, Oapt Shinier'e company, Third Bat- 

toll •... 

Daniel Vaughn, Brat lientenant, Capt Ryce's company, First Regiment, 



Juu 



77. 



Heiijiuiiiii Warner, first lieutenant, Cupt. HcCollouglrt company, First 

lit, May 24, 1777. 

ii. ivjamlu Worne, Bret lieutenant, Cupt Plttin I Irst Regi- 

ment, June ... 1777 

George Allen, second lieutenant, Capt Abr. Johnston's company, ii.-t 
Regiment, June 0, 1777. 

Richard Auten, second Ileutenaut, Capt Blbbla ,■ - indBegi- 

nieiit, Feb. 21, 1776, 

William Cregar, second lieutenant, Oapt Klrkeudail^ compan) 

Ret u, lent. 

i lieutenant, Capt. Petty'a company, First Begi- 

niout, June 6, 1777. 

Lawren. •■ bomareun, second lleuteuant, Capt Hockay'S i pany, First 

Ri - li , JuueO, 1777. 

Samuel M iore, private, Oapt Jan.,- AndereunV com|«ny, Flrel Regi- 

tn, nt ; pro, to sergeant, to ensign, and to arc l lieutenant. 

Gilbert smith, second lieutenant, Capt Bockhovert company, - 
Regiment 

James Smith, sec I Ueutenant, Capt McCullougkes company, First 

Regiment, May 24, 1777. 

I li.n. second lieutenant, Capt. Shinier'e company, Thir.l 
Battalion. 
Cornellui Van Horn, private, Capt Plttlnger's company, Fiist Beglment; 
, lieutenant, ditto, June o, 17:7. 

ind lieutonsait, I apt Petei \\.-it.n...h> ...m- 
pony, Third Battalion. 
Henr) WIuter,Jr., nd lieutenant, OaptJaoob Winter^ 

l ,: ' Rl .linen! 

Richard Yates, second lientenant, Oapt Blbl i . ... 17:7. 

t 1 i.,i, \,i.,i,e, Oapt B01 i.h.oei'- . om 

Nathan Ball, Oapt Syce's ipany, Flral Baaj nt. .im , 1777. 

Anthony Blackford . luient 

Tl as Brink, Capl Us I Hover's company, Third Battalion. 

John Clawauu, wounded Juns B, 1777, a. - el. Dial dba barge oi .. musket; 
1. 11 band amputated ; du 

1, May Jl. 1777. 
Juhn Coisen, < sptilenr) Johnatou'a company, Becond Regiment 

Petei Bvelaud,! apt Ptttlnger'a oompau) . pro. to eel 

s I 1 

irria, I apt Abr J ■ Jans 0, 

1777. 
William Kerr, ensign, E ; 1. 1::, , 

lioantol arm) . 

John Ma., , . ,, 1 HcCi 

177:. 



TO 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



George Summers, Capt. Mackay's company, First Regiment, June 6, 
1777. 

Severyn Westbrook, Capt. Cortright's company, Third Battalion. 

Wilhelmus Westbrook, Capt. Harker's company, Second Regiment; 
Capt. Edsall's company State troops. 

M. Willing, ensign, Sussex. 

John Winter, Capt. Jacob Winter's company, First Regiment, May 24, 
1777. 

Philip Wiuterstein, Capt. Ribble's company, First Regiment, Feb. 21, 
1776. 

Sergeants. 

Garret Broadhead, pro. from private. 

William Broderick, pro. from private. 

John Corsen, Second Regiment. 

Thomas Evans, Capt. Helm's company, Continental army. 

Nathan Hopkins, Capt. Manning's company, First Regiment. 

Jeremiah Hull. 

John Linn, Capt. Manning's company, First Regiment ; pro. from pri- 
vate. 

Joseph Howard, Capt. Bond's company, Fourth Battalion, Second Estab- 
lishment Continental army. 

McCoIlum, Capt, Guntermau's company, Second Regiment. 

Morrow. 

Azariah Jones. Capt. Helm's company, Continental army. 

Samuel Landon, Capt. Helm's company, Continental army. 

John Myers, pro. from private, March 10, 1776 ; discharged Jan. 17, 1777. 

Peter Patty, pro. from private. 

John Poland, Continental army. 

William Squier, Capt. Guntermau's company, Second Regiment. 

Garret Voorhees, also private in Continental army. 

Jonathan Whi taker, Jr., private, Capt. A. Allen's company, Second Regi- 
ment; sergeant, ditto. 

James Young. 

Corporals. 

Peter Brink, Capt. Bonnel's company, First Regiment; pro. from private. 

John Giddeman, Capt. Helm's company, Continental army. 

Joseph Wrest, Capt. Harker's company, Second Regiment.. 

Thomas Lyall, Capt. Helm's company, Continental army. 

Eliakim Ross, killed July 2, 1779. 

Robert Watts, Continental army. 



Drummers. 



Samuel Martin, militia. 

Noah Ogden, Continental army. 



Robert Coddington, Capt. Bond's company, Continental army. 

Jacob Abbott. 

David Adams, Capt. Bonnel's company, First Regiment. 

Evi Adams. 

John Adams. 

John Agness. 

John A her. 

Jacob Albright. 

Henry Allen. 

John Allen, Continental army. 

Jacob Anderson. 

Thomas Anderson. 

Jacob Angle. 

John Angle. 

William Angle. 

William Arndt, Capt. Harker's company, Second Regiment. 

Benoni Aatim. 

Edmund Astim. 

Samuel Atkinson. 

John Auten. 

Powell Auten, also light-horse and express-rider, 

Ezokiel Ayers. 

Levi Ayers. 

Lewis Ayers. 

Nathaniel Ayers. 

Thomas Ayres. 

Reuben Ayres, alBO in Continental army. 

William Bachelor, Continental army. 

Asher Badgley, also in Continental army. 

Robert Babam. 



Asher Bailey. 

Joseph Baird, Capt. Shaver's company, Second Regiment; also Cont 

nental army. 
Daniel Baley. 
James Baley. 
William Baley. 
Michael Balor. 
Barney Banghart. 
Phineas Barber, First Regiment. 
Thomas Barber. 

Stephen Barnes, also in Maj. Westbrook's battalion State troops. 
Joseph Buyard. 

William Baxter, Continental army. 
John Beam. 

William Beatty, Continental army; taken prisoner April 15, 1777. 
George Beavers, also commissary of issues. 
Abram Beckerer. 
Thomas Beckhorn. 

Samuel Becoman, also Continental army. 
Henry Beemer. 
Isaac Bell. 
Philip Bellis. 
Nathan Benjamin. 
Gershom Bennett. 
Michael Benuett. 
Cornelius Benscota. 
Isaac Bird, also light-horse. 

John Bird, Capt. Harker's company, Second Regiment; also light-hoist 
Samuel Blackford. 
James Blair. 
William Blair. 
Abraham Bloom. 
Frederick Bloom. 
Joseph Boayard (Bayard?), Capt. Shaver's company ; also in Cont: 

army. 
John Bohnnin. 
William Bohanin. 
Benjamin Buman. 
William Booth. 

John Boroford, Continental army. 
Samuel Bowlsby, Capt. Stnll's company, Second Regiment; also Cont 

nental army. 
John Bright. 

Aaron Brink, Capt. Harker's company. 
Emanuel Brink, Capt. Harker's company. 

Peter Brink, Capt. Cortright's company ; also Continental army. 
Solomon Brink. 

Yorion Brink, Capt. Bonnel's company. 
John Broderick. 
Abraham Brokaw. 
John Brooks, First Regiment; a 
James Brown, also Continental i 
Joseph Brown. 
Thomas Brown. 



till 



i Continental army. 



Wil 



[Br. 



Solomon Brundagc. Capt. Harker's company. 
Caspor Buchal, Capt. Stull's company; Second Regiment. 
Reuben Buckley. 
James Bunnell. 

Daniel Burns, also Continental army. 

James Burns, Continental army; discharged for disability Jan. 3, 1783. 
Joseph Burrell. 
John Burt. 

James Butler, First Regiment; also Continental army. 
John Byard, Capt. Bonnel's company, First Regiment. 
Joseph Cain, Capt. Harker's company, Second Regiment. 
Robert Camp. 
Frederick Campbell. 
David Carll, Capt. Allen's company. 
Loudon Carll, Capt. Allen's company. 
Isaac Cornier. 
Philip Carpenter. 

Aaron Cortright, Capt. Chambers' company, Third Battalion ; also Con- 
tinental army. 
Solomon Cortright. 
Daniel Case, also teamster. 
James Castolln. 



SUSSEX ANT) WARE F.N (OI.NTIKS IN TIIH EKY< >UTI< >N. 



71 



John Cnto, Continental urmy. 

John Cattcrllne. 

Edward Cavcny, Oapt. Bonnel'e company, First Regiment 

.!■ thn ' !es ■ ■'! ■ ■ Contlni tital army. 

James Chamberlain. 

John I ftamberlain. 

Zephaniah ' Ibamberlaln. 

Jamei i Ibambera, 

John Chambers. 

Anthony Chnnlewlne. 

John Chips, Jr. 

Morris Chips, Capt Barker's company. 

John Chubb. 

Joseph Clark. 

William Clark, dipt Barker** company, 

John Clutten, 

i oata 
Joseph ('oats. 
i leoi ■■ ■ < lodor. 
Joseph C.le. 
David Coleman, Capt Barker's company, 

w llllnm Cole o, Capl B mnell's company. 

Renben Collanl. 

mpton. 
David Coukllton, Capt. Bonnel's company. 
Ellas Conkllng. 
okllng. 
C inkling. 

(01 I "null), also State troops. 
John Consaaly. 

Jacob Cook, also Cbntlnentol army. 
Cornelius ' Sooper. 
John Cooper. 

William i !oopei , I inpl Bni kei '- comp tnj . 
John < "iti in, First Regiment ; also Continental army. 

Abrnl Corson, Capt Bonnel'e company. 

Jac ib Cortrlght 
Jonas Co rl right 
Solomon Cortrlght 
Bartholomew Corwlne. 
Jo opli -'.,-,, ,-r. 

i n | artfellow. 

mrnd < lonnti 3 man. 
Cornelius Ooyklndall, 
Samuel Coyklndall. 
William Ooyklndall. 
William Crampton, 
Jacob Croel. 

James Cnbbei on Cull in , Capt Barker's company. 
Petal Cu I- 
William Cullum. 

Bai 'i l lulver. 

'i to] I tumpton (Compton?). 

1 enkrans 1 company; also Continental 1 
John Custard, 

Aan.n Cuthrlght 
J. .in, Danfleld, 

in, also 1 tonl I d< atal urmy. 
Thomas Davl 
Benjamin Dean. 
Brewei Decker. 

1 lacker. 
Ho ■ Decker. 
Thorns DoKay. 
Barnardns Denmark. 
David Devon. 
Jacob Dnrom 
Baniet Dewltt 
Daniel Dewltt 
John Dewltt. 
Bamaol Dewlap. 
A inh.-w Ding m hi 

Joint Dlngwell, Cnpt Barker 1 ! ontupany, 
Siim 11 ,- 1 Duns ■ 
Ebeneaoi Doud, 
Moses Dowlt 



James Drake. 
Joi ib Duddi 1 

I itidderer. 

ad's company, Continental army. 
Samuel Dugan. 

id, also teamster. 
S imuel Dunn, 

Thomas Dunn. also wagonmaster. 
Ludawlck Miiiniy. 

Sat 1 Early, Capt Gunterman's company, Second Regiment ; also Con- 

tlnental army. 
Benjamin J.M-.ll. 

James Edsall. 
Joseph Edsall. 
Jasper Edwards. 

Chrlstopb rarker'a company. 

Jonathan Button, Capt Bonnel'e company, 
1 la h Rlston. 

Thomas Emery, also Continental army. 
.1 ton Ennls. 

1 rerett, Capt BJbble'e company. 
John Everett, Capt Barker's company. 

1 wing, Capt. Allen's company State troops. 
James Furrell, Continental army. 
Alexander Ferguson. 
Bugh Ferguson. 
1 errell. 
Ludawlck i 
Leonard Fight 
John Fin- !i. 
John Fish. 
ThomoH Fish. 
Loul Fisher. 

Ji'lui Flemlfi to! army. 

John Fleet 

ion, First Regiment; also C 
Benjamin Fortnor. 
Joseph Fox, Continental army. 
Christian Fraxer. 
Matthias Frazer. 

David Franks. 
John Freaa. 

Adam 1 1 
Jeremiah 1 1 
1 1 urnian. 

Llllhan. 
Joseph Gardner. 

Benrj G 

Uattblas Garrison. 

Joel Gai 1 1 

John GIU 

Jeptha Glllam, Capt Barker's company, 

I lllnn. 
Samuel Gobla,Capt Bill's company, Second Regiment; also n 

army, 
ramo, 

int, C ipt. John Seward's companv, Second Regiment. 
Bonrj Q 

. i. 'tin Green, Oontinental army. 
Daniel Grlmi s, also Continental army. 
Peter Gr 
Stephen Grover. 

.1-1 urrlll. 

Benajah I 

John Gustln. 

Patrli k Bat kott, al«o Continental army. 

11. i.iv Baldron, Cb Second] 

1 11t.il armj . 

William Bait 

Jamas Bamllton. 

Daniel H 11 

Daniel Han 

Isaac Hardy, Oapt Bond 1 ! company, Continental army. 

John Bardenbrook, 

wtuiam Borper, also Continental army. 



72 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Asber Harriott. 




James Jones, Capt. Edsall's company, Second Regiment; also Continental 


Ephraim Harriott. 




army, and discharged at Philadelphia, Jan. 8, 1777. 


Jeremiah Harris. 




Reuben Jones. 


John Harris, also Continental army. 




George Kibler, Capt, Kibble's company, First Regiment, and Maj West- 


Squire Harris. 




brook's battalion State troops: also Continental army. 


Zachariah Hartseff. 




Caleb Kimball, Capt. Beckwith's conrnany, Second Regiment; also Con- 


Jonathan Haskell. 




tinental army, Capt. Helm's company. 


George Hater. 




Stephen Kimball. 


Peter Hattle. 




Anthony King, also in Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


John Haun. 




Samuel Kirkendall, Third- Battalion. 


Darling Havens. 




Stephen Kirkendall. 


Jacob Hawk. 




David Knapp, Capt. Gunterman's company, Second Regiment; also Con- 


John Hays, also Continental army. 




tinental army. 


Joseph Hays. 




John Kurer, also in Continental army. 


Francis Hendley, also wagoner. 




John Lain, also in Continental army. 


Joseph Headley. 




Isaac Lambert. 


Hedgelin, Capt. Barker's company. 




William Lambert, also in Continental army, Fourth Battalion, Second 


Henry Ileizer. 




Establishment. 


Anthony Heminover. 




George Lame. 


Jacob Hendershot. 




George Lance. 


Michael Hendershot. 




Peter Lance. 


William Beudershot. 




Philip Lander. 


Patrick Henderson, also Continental army. 




Benjamin Landon, Capt. Helm's company, Continental army. 


John Heuowil. 




James Landon, Capt. Cole's company, Second Regiment; also in Conti- 


Joseph Henry. 




nental army. 


"William Beppard. 




Thomas Landon. 


George Hihler. 




Ezekiel Lane. 


Jacob Hi bier. 




James Larew (?) or Laroy. 


Amos Hickson, also Continental army. 




Isaac Last. 


Jonathan Hickson, also Continental aimy. 




Samuel Lattleally. 


"William Hidglor. 




Cornelius Leary, Capt. Barker's company. 


Samuel Hill, Capt. Bonnel's company, First Regime 


it; also Maj. West- 


Philip Leffler, First Regiment; also Continental army. 


brook's battalion State troops. 




James Leonard, Capt. Longstreet's company, Second Regiment; also Con- 


William Hill. 




tinental army. 


Samuel Hill man, wounded. 




John Leonard. 


Julin Hincbinan. 




Levi Lewis. 


John Hink. 




Andrew Likens, 


George Hoagland. 




William Likens, Capt. Barker's company, Second Regiment. 


John Hoagland, also Maj. Wcstbrouk's battalion. 




David Lindsley. 


Joseph Hodge. 




Henry Littell. 


Henry Bohlen, also Continental army. 




William Little. 


Richard Holden. 




James Luckwood. 


Francis Hollingshead. 




Juhn Loekwood. 


William Hollingshead (?). 




John Lomberson. 


Philip Horubaker, First Regiment; also Contlnenta 


army. 


John Longwell. 


Jonathan Hornden, Caiit. Barker's company, Second 


Regiment. 


Eleazi*r Loose. 


James Howe, also Maj. Westbrouk's battalion. 




Bartholomew Lott. 


Juhn Howe. 




Asel Lovell. 


Silas Howell. 




John Low. 


William Howell, wounded Monmouth. 




Cornelius D. Lowe (?). 


David Hubbs. 




Johnson Luker. 


Bennum Buff. 




Eliezur Lun, Capt. Bound's company, First Regiment. 


John Huffman. 




Shubal Luse, Capt. Barker's company, Second Regiment. 


Isaac Hull, First Regiment; also Continental army. 




John Mackey, Continental army. 


Jacob Hull, also Col. Stewart's battalion Minute-men 




Joseph Mackey. 


James Hull. 




Richard Mahun. 


Ralph Hunt, Capt. Barker's company, Second Regiu 


cut. 


Amos Maun. 


Thomas Bunt. 




Isaac Mann, Capt. Barker's company. 


Varuell Hunt (?). 




Joseph Mapes. 


John Hutchinson. 




Edmund Martin. 


James Jacobus. 




Benjamin Martin. 


Levi James. 




Gershom Martin. 


Elias Jeans, also Maj. Wcstbrook's battalion State troopB. 


John Martin (V), light-horse. ' 


Francis J.-ffurs (V), wounded May 24, L78L. 




Juseph Martin, Capt. Barker's company. 


Zachariah Jenkins. 




Benjamin Masters. 


Joseph .Jennings. 




Jesse Masters. 


John Johnson. 




William Masters. 


Nathaniel Johnson. 




Uriah MarsterBon. 


Robert Johnson, Continental army, Fourth Bttttallo 
nt'-iit. 


), Second Establish- 


UobeiM Matthews. 

Rev. Edward May, First Regiment; also Continental army. 


William Johnson. 




Thomas McArtlmr. 


Thomas Johnson, Fourth Battalion, Second Eshtblial 


ment. 


John McCain, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


Henry Johnston. 




Edward McCauley. 


John Johnston, Jr. 




Dennis McCarty, also Continental army, Capt. Bund's company. 


Daniel Junes. 




Alexander McClure (?). 


Isaac Jones, Capt, Ountcrman's company ; also Contli 


ental army, Second 


Joseph McCullough. 


Regiment. 




John McCnllum, dipt. Helm's company, Continental army. 



.SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE REVOLUTION 



73 



Joseph McCoy, also Continental unity. 

Cornelius He Dun lei, Cnpt, Anderson's company. 

John Mi Farland, First Regiment; wounded July 13, 1780. 

Joseph HoKlnney, Capt Bond's company, Contlucntnl army, 

Matthew M. Kinm-y, Capt Hurk.-r'- company. 

Mordecnl HcKlnney, Cupl Rf fable's company, Gapl Harker's compnny, 

and Maj Westl ik's btittalion. 

Daniel McMurroy. 

Hngh HcMaaten, Continental army. 

Btephen Head, killed at Lackawaxou, July 22, ITT'J. 

Blnnuel Modagh, Capl Westfatl's company, 

Bamnel McOrwln, Capt it 1's company, 

A logn, Capt Qanterman'i company. 
Aaron Uerabon, killed on Long Island, Auk. 27, l T 7 * . . 
Daniel Mlddagh. 
Bmanuel ttlddagh, Gtpt. Hfrkeudaire company, Sec I Rei Inn 

Continental army. 
Bepherlu Mlddagh, Capt. Harker's comjtauy, Second Rerfmeut 
John Mills, also Continental army, Onpl Bond's com)»tity. 
Gornelluj Mires. 
John Mitchell, also Continental army; tnken prisouei Feb. Ia, 1777, near 

W II rl 

John Montgomery, also Continental army, Capt Bond's coniiuiuy, Fom tli 

Battalion, Second LVtahlishnieiit. 

Arthur M «,Capt Bonuel's com|wuy. 

[James M -, also Continental iinuy. 

Jc le llali U -, Copt Bouners company. 

John Moore. 

Joslah Moore, also Ounllueutal army, Capt Bond's company. 

John Mooney, Capt. Bomrs i uni|iniiy, Continental nnny. 

William Muonoy, Capt Helm a company, Continental nnny. 

John Morris, Cap) Bonuel's company. 

Joseph M 'i 1 1 

Bai il Morris. 

James Morrison, Capt Helm's company. 

Reuben Moser, Capt Marker's company. 

John Moss. 

Christian Mott. 

Uuristopbei Mott, Capt Barker's company. 

Juidafa Muoson. 

: |ii\ , i lonttnentul army, 
William Murphy, also Oontlueutul srmy, Fourth Battalion, & 

llshment 
James Murray, CaptAllou'i company, Second Regiment; a] o I inti 

uentol army, Cnpt. Helm's company. 
R ibari Murray, 

William Murray, Capt Allen's company ; also Continental army, 
gfonjamln Nicholas, alto a-agoumaster, 

d, Capt Bond's company, Cnntlneutal army, 
bei i Hli hols, Capt Biota's company ; also Cnpf. Bruderlck's company, 
i bird Battalion. 

1 le, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company, 
J Bepli Northrup. 

'i boms nimiii, Capt Harker's c pnny. 

Jul,.. Nyce. 

Ibhn Ogden, Capt BonnolVi company, First Regiment 
J.im OIp, Capt Pltllngar's company, First Regiment. 
.ImIlh O'Neal, Capt Helm's company, Continental army. 
a O'Nell, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 
tail i0 irn, Continental jo my, Onpl Bond's company. 

1 1 Pardunn, Capt Harker's company. 

John Parker. 

Jo ispli Parker. 

rJu timolol Pai i ir, al a C mtlnental army, 

Faffry Parvln, Capt illou's company. 

William Pepper, Continental army, 

Daniel Perrlne, 

Jn b Perrlne. 

WLih.,,,1 parry, 
id hard Potei a 

l'< '■ i Pel ■' "■ ' apt. It Pi company, Continental nnny. 

David Phillips, 
Hugh Philll 

■ I- u Cap) Longstreoffl company, & md ft glmcnl ; also Con- 
Unantal army, Second Battalion, 
pooh Plow, Third Battalion; also Continental army. 
Johu Pool, Capt Helm's company, docoud R otal army* 



John Post. 

Isaac Pottn, Capt Marker's com]«tiri ,£ mtlnental 

army. 

Thomas Powers, Capt. Bond's conijmuy, Continental army. 

Jonathan i'otuj. 

ai ij.ih Preston, Capt. Allen's company. 

John I'n' •■ (1), also Continental army, Capt Bondl conjjmtiy. 
' lontfncntal army, Capt, i 

Ki..- i'n,.L>, Capt. L-oightr.-. ' uid Reglnient ; also Conti- 

nental army, Capt ty..n\ company. 

William Price, also Continental army. 

Zachariafa Price, also Westbrook's Battalion, 

Daniel rridmore. 

John Pursum. 

Benjamin Quick, Capt Bonuel's company. 

David Quick, Capt. Bonuel's: company. 

Eleaser Quick, also Continental army, < 'apt Lyon's company, 

James Quick. 

Manuel Quick. 

Pet. i Quick. 

Samuul Quick. 

John Bead, Capt Helm's company, Continental army. 

Robert K-_\ nolds, < apt. Harker's company. 

Willi. on Reynolds, Capt Barker 1 ! • ompatiy ; also W 
tallon. 

William Bibble, 

William Rlchmon, Capt Harker's c peny. 

William Richmond, Capt. Bond's company* Continental army, 
ertson. 

Benjamin Robeson. 

Isaac Robinson, Capt. Cole's company, Second Regiment also Contl- 
nentol army, Capt Lyuu's company. 

James Roles. 

Aaron Boltston. 

Robert Roney, Capt Harkert company. 
Koran. 

John Rose, also Continental army, Capt Bond's company. 

Joseph Rose, Capt Harker's compauy, Second Regiment 

Richard Rose, Capt Stull'e company, Second Iteglmeut; also Continental 
army. 

William i; 

Abraham Rosier, Capt Helm's company, Continental army. 

Alexander Roeecraiu, 

Casper Ross, 

John Roy, 

Casper Russell, Capt Stall's company, Second Regiment; also Conti- 
nental army. 

Russell, also Continental army. 

Patri i. Ryan, Capt Bond's company. Continental army. 

Reuben Selmou "T Sammumbj), Capt. Harker's company, Sec 1 Regi- 
ment 
John Salsbary,Capt Stall's company, Se and Regiment; also Continental 
army. 

Ban 1 Satterly, Capt Westbrook's company, Third Battalion; 

t utal army, 

w ill. idi - ■ ■■■■ 

Mlcah Scott, Capt HorerV company, TWrd Battalion ; also Continental 
army, 

unan,oJao Martini battalion, Heard's brigade; taken prls* 
oner U 10,1 Hay it, L77a 

;->rt. 

■ 

William Shi BonnaTs company, 

David Shay. 

Joseph Sharer, Ca] t Helm's company. 

Benjamin Shennard, Capt StalTsoom] ilwCon- 

tlnontal at uj . 
Daniel Sherod, 
Btratton Sherod 
Joseph Shldor. 

- dpman, 
John Bid | ' 
Paul Shlpman, 



71 



SUSSEX. AND WARREN" COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Joseph Shiver, dipt. Longstreet's company ; also Continental army. 


John Uselton. 


David Silsbury, Capt. Barker's company. 


Nathan Van Akin. 


James Simmons, also Continental army, (apt. Bond's company. 


Benjamin Van Etten. 


Simeon Simonsoit. 


Gideon Van Etten. 


James Simpson. 


Peter Van Etten, also Maj. Westbrook's battalion. 


Peter Sites, First Regiment, also Continental army. 


Abram Van Gorden. 


Thomas Slack. 


Henry Van Gorden. 


David Slacht. 


John Van Gorden, Capt. Barker's company. 


John Slacht. 


Abram Van Leuven. 


John Slife, First Regiment; also Continental army. 


George Van Nest. 


John Smith. 


Joseph Van Noy. 


Joseph Smith. 


John Van Tassel. 


Patrick Smith, also Continental army, Capt. Lyon's company. 


Garret Van Vliet (?). 


Peter Smith. 


Jacob Van Vliet, also Maj. Westbrook's battalion. 


Samuel B. Smith, ('apt. Bond's company, Continental army. 


John Vogt. 


Terrence Smith, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


George Voorhees. 


Henry Snook. 


Nathan Wade, killed at Lackawaxon, July 2, 1770. 


Henry Snyder. 


Simon Wade. 


Jacob Snyder. 


Jacob Walter, Capt. Ribble's company. 


Lndley Solomon. 


Samuel Wandle. 


Michael Sooth. 


Nathaniel Washburn. 


Samuel South. 


George Washer. 


Nathan Spencer. 


John Watson, Capt. Allen's company. 


Samuel Sprouls. 


John Weaver, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


Christian Staly. 


John Welling. 


Jacob Staly. 


Peter Weuverling, Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


Jonathan Stanton, Capt. Harkei's company. 


Aaron Westbrook. 


Jacob Stelle. 


Abram Westbrook. 


William Stenabock. 


Henry Westbrook. 


Cornelius Stevenson, Capt. Helm's company. Continental army. 


John Westbrook. 


Peter Stevens. 


John J. Westbrook. 


William StevenB. First Regiment; nls i Continental army. 


benjamin Westl'all. 


William Stewart, also Continental army. 


Cornelius Wrstfall. 


Robert Stewart, Capt. Bond's company, Continental army. 


David Westl'all. 


John Stift. 


Jacobus Westl'all. 


Benjamin Stiles. 


James Westl'all, Capt. Ribble's company. 


John Stivers, First Regiment ; also Continental army. 


Samuel Westt'all, Capt. Kirkendall's company. 


Adam Stout. 


Thomas White, Capt. Shaver's company ; also Continental army, Capt. 


Henry Stute. 


Helm's company. 


Daniel Sullivan, Capt. Hill's company, Second Regiment; also Conti- 


Abram Wliitenigbt. 


nental army. 


John Whiteuight. 


William Sullivant. 


Michael Widenor. 


Benjamin Sutton. 


Peter Wlllelt. 


Daniel Sutton. 


Tuyloi Willctt (?). 


Jesse Sutton. 


John Williams, ulso Capt. Bond's company. Continental army. 


John Sutton, Capt. Barker's company. 


James Williams, Capt. Bond's company ; taken prisoner Apiil 1, 1777. 


Zachariah Sutton. 


Isaac Willis. 


Samuel Swain, Capt. Bond's company, Continental army ; discharged for 


William Wilson, Capt. Bond's company, Continental army. 


disability Jan. 1, 1778. 


William Willock. 


Daniel Swartwood, Capt. Beimel's company. 


Michuel Wilrick. 


Peter Swartwood (?). 


James Wilson, Capt. Bound's company, First Regiment. 


David Sweazy. 


Emanuel Winfleld. 


Bergen Swick, Capt. Allen's company, Second Regiment; also Conti- 


Ciaton Winings. 


nental army. 


Comfort WiiiBer. 


Isaac Sylvester, Capt. Harker's company. 


Peter Wiutermute. 


Daniel Talruage, killed at Lackawaxon, July 22, 1779. 


Henry Winterstcen. 


Noah Talmage, also in State troops. 


Jacob Wintorsteen. 


Thomas Taspin, also in Continental army, Capt. Lyon's company. 


Nicholas Winterstcen. 


Ludowiek Tauny. 


Peter Wolfe. 


Christian Taylor, also in Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


William Wood, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


Henry Taylor, also Maj. Wcslbrook's battalion State troops. 


Benjamin Woolever. 


Henry Taylor, Jr., also Maj. Westbrook's battalion State troops. 


Morris Workman, also Maj. Westbrook's battalion State troops. 


John Taylor. 


Charles Wright, ulso Maj. Westbrook's battalion State troops. 


Stephen Theut. 


Joseph Wrose. (See Hose.) 


Walter Thimbal. 


Peter W.vcliolt'. 


Patrick Thompson. 


James Wygant, Continental army, Capt. Helm's company. 


Solomon Thorp, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 


James Young, Capt. Bound's company, 


Martin Tilk, also Westbrook's battalion. 


Philip Young, Capt. Bound's company. 


Samuel Tingley, also Continental army, Capt. Ballard's company. 




John Trance. 


IV— MILITARY ROLL OF JOSEPH GASTON. 


Stephen Truesdall, Capt. Edsull's company. Second Regiment; ulso Con- 
tinental army, Capt. Lyon's company. 
Thomas Truesdall. 

John Tilttle, also Continental army, Capt. Bond's company. 
Daniel Tuvey. 
Henry liplrhouse, Capt. Bound's company. 


Joseph Gaston, Paymaster to the Militia in the County of Sussex : 

"Makcii 21, 17S4. 
"Dr. To an order drawn by the Treasurer on the Collector of the 
County of Sussex in his fuvor, £15(10. 
"Credit by Abstract of Pay-Itolls discharged by Joseph Gaston, Pay- 


Isaac Updegrove, «lso Continental army. 


master of the Militia of the County of Sussex : 



SLAVERY AND SERVITUDE IN SUSSEX AND WARRKN. 



Mo. of 
I'ulla. 


Time "t Service. 


Beglmenti 


1 


Jnne 10, 1780. 


2.1 Suaaoz. 


2 


July 21, 1770. 




a 


Dec 1 . 177--. 


3d " 


4 


ii i. 1 :. 177-t. 


'2.1 » 


.i 


.Ill 1 V 24, I77-. 


l»t » 


6 


Aug. 1. 1780. 


Nt " 


7 


April 1, 1777. 


l~t " 


8 


April I. it 90 


3d 


D 


\|i.ii '., 178U. 


:i,| " 


in 


Jill; '21. 17MI. 


2.1 " 


11 


May ii, mi. 


11 


12 


May 4, 1781 




1:1 


.till v 1, I78U 




14 


April 18, 1781. 




If 


July*, 1780. 




1*1 


June : I, 1780. 




17 


April 1, 1781. 




IS 


April 1. 1781. 




I'.l 


mm is, mi. 


3d " 


2<i 


A 30, 1781, 


•2.1 " 


■21 


.Mhv 1 l, 1781. 


2,1 " 


22 


May B, 1781. 


2il " 


2 1 


July 1, 1777. 




21 


Sept, i, 17811. 


lei " 


•-'.'. 


Sept. 7,1' U 


2.1 " 


2(1 


July 4. 1781. 




■n 


Nuv 27, 1780. 




28 


.1 2», I7SH. 




'J'l 


April 28, 1781 


" 


:ui 


June 22, I77U. 




:il 


July 20, I78ii. 


lut " 


.'12 


April 1, 1781. 


2 1 " 


31 


July 4. 17711 


l»t " 


:i4 


July 22, 1778. 


1*1 " 


:.U 


April, 1782, and '83. 


\ .'.,i ■ 


38 


Sept. 1. 178(1. 


1-1 S,i--.-\ 


o 







N... of 
Men. 


Ofllcem* Nnme*. 




Oil. A llniikiliaou. 




M.,i Meeker, 




M.,i Weetbrook. 




Capt 1 Cole, 


1* 


.In- \ llet, Capt. 


8 


■ Coppluger. 


18 


Capt I I'etly. 


311 


'• l.Skll r. 


ill 


" Huvet. 


4'. 


" Allen 


81 


'• lUlllO 




•• SmcKtraet. 


27 


" iiuii. 


II 


" Juhnetnii. 


3D 




■17 


I.i. hi Austin. 


13 


•• Mull 


21 


i 'u|.i: .Mill lH IE 


16 


I.i. 111. MlllT.ll. 


.'17 


I'u|.c. llBKg 


Ml 


lleckwltli. 


::- i.i. -in Nlsenei 


2.; 


I'nnl Dodderer. 


8 


1.1. 'il. 8 ,-y. 


in 


.ili.T. 




• apt Juliustnn. 


13 


jergt.l uraun. 


11 


•■ l-.li,. I.i .i.i. 




•■ H..1-I. 


30 


Oapt Shaver. 


12 


1,1. -lit. All, -ii. 


48 


Copt. Allen. 


21 


•• Mullah. 


12 


■■ Heaven. 




•■ Bimnel. 


20 


•■ i lin ird. 



Under Whom. 



Gunnl. 

SUBBBX. 

.Mm i-l.,!.. 



Col. Boeecrani 
Col. Hanklua. 



Col. H,,necnins. 
i !ol. Seward 

l'.,l. l|;i,,ki,,-,„i 



,1 i- 

10 12 . 

-I II '• 



44 12 11 

7 13 1" 

28 II I 

38 14 ii 

,V2 14 II 

41 in 



Mini-ink. Col. Hankiuaon. 
Col. tlaukinaoD. 

-ink. i'oi'viVsi! 



Gnard. 
Mluliluk 
Guard. 



11 


2 


i. 


4 i 


:: 


6 


21 


1 


1 


13 


7 111 


14n 13 11 


1- 10 





4 12 


H 


1- 12 


" 


10 





'•' 


7 11 


4 


2 


II 


- 


41 


s 


(1 


12 13 11 


31 


1" 


" 




3 


2 


21 


7 1" 


111 


8 


" 


1 in 





I'.i:. 18 


.■■ 


8 11 


2 







" 





"I certify Hi'' within to be a ti »py "i the account of Joseph Gas- 
ton, Esq., as paymnater to the Mtlltiaol Sua I ■■ ■ ■> allowed and 

stated In Liber A ol accouuts, folio 103, remaining In tho Auditor's 

.'111'!.. 

"John Beatty, >'-.',/. 
"TiiK.sr.'N, N,,v,'in' 18th, 18111." 

Endorse.] mi i!n' liiiik i, found tlio following: 

-7c 

Joeepb Qaatun 

with 

Joseph Gaston, Esq., resided in the township of 
Hardwick. II.' was "i Irish descent, ami ram. 

iiiully I'r Western Pennsylvania. He married a 

Bister "I' Judge Linn, by whom he hail two daughters, 
One of them married Dr. Elijah Everett; the other 
Rev. John Boyd, pastor of the Hardwick Church. 

llr was esleenieil as a wry jmliciotlS, upright man. 

II.' died of bilious colic, almui ism; ,,r ism, ajreil 

Bb0U( sixty-live years. 

We add the i i > 1 1 • • \s i 1 1 lt from Col. Charlea Scranton'a 
historical address respecting Sussex (then including 
Warren] in the war of L812 : 

"The »ar of L812 again tested the heroism of tin' 
sons of the Revolutionary fathers. « >nr armies, under 

Harrison, Jackson, Scott, and other imanders, won 

penown; while the navy, under the gallant Perry, 
Lawrence, McDonough, and other equally bravi 
tnanders, made our nation famous in its naval history. 
i i "i time will not allow me i" apeak at more 
length "ii this ami the war with Mexico. It i- for to- 

* Uannaoripl bj Dr, SobaJTer, 



.la \ enough t<> say that i In- old flag in every crisis had 
brave defenders. It has been sustained, ami those 
who have borne its stars ami stripes aloft have tri- 
umphed owr every toe until now it is de foclo 'The 
Bag "i' "iir Union, the flag of the free.' 

"The Seeiniil li.i'im. nt ..I' New Jersey was in ser- 
viee I'r. mi Sept. ii, isr_>, t.. Dee. '.i. 1814, ami was com- 
manded by Col. John Seward, of Susses County. 
Attached t'i the regiment were two ami probably 
three companies, — Capt William Vliet, two officers, 

ami sixty-live enlisted nun; Capt Alexamler Read- 
ing, two officers, and sixty-five enlisted men; Capt. 
William Swayze, two "iliecrs, ami sixty-two enlisted 
men. In the Third Regiment, commanded by Col. 
John Frelinghuysen, one company from Belvidere, 
commanded bj Capt Francis Dunlevy, with three 
officers ami thirty-one enlisted men." 



c 11 A PTEB \ 1. 

SLAVERY AND SERVITUDE IN SUSSEX AND 
WARREN. 

UROES AND OTHER SLAVES in mi: EARLY 

l' \\ ~. 

Ir we will go back t" a period about one hundred 
ami eighty years ago and during the century succeed- 
ing, we will find that the inhabitants of this section 
of country, in common with those ofother portions "t 

the Slate, ami with every Colony ill the New World, 

considered the holding "i their fellow-men in bondage 



70 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



as perfectly right and legitimate. It was not consid- 
ered a crime, and even at that early day it had be- 
come, with this State, one of her institutions. The 
Quakers at Burlington, as well as the Dutch and 
English settlers in the Raritan, Delaware, and Mini- 
sink valleys, brought servants with them ; so that in 
1740, it is said, three-fourths of all the corn planted 
and hoed or the flax raised and dressed was the labor 
of negro slaves. The early records of these counties 
show that in the first ten years of the present century 
a large number of the old families still held slaves 
upon their farms. 

Under the proprietors, persons were imported into 
the province as " servants" ; these, while they did not 
absolutely forfeit their personal liberty by their en- 
gagements with their masters, were still in all essen- 
tial particulars bondmen, held in servitude and entirely 
controlled by those who had brought them into the 
province for their profit. It was slavery in every- 
thing save the name, for the servitude was for life, 
and in some instances included their children also. 

In 1664 the " Concessions and Agreement of the 
Lords Proprietors of New Jersey," signed by Lord 
Berkeley and Sir George Carteret,* to encourage plan- 
ters, promised every freeman who should embark with 
the first Governor, or should meet him on his arrival 
provided with a " good musket, bore twelve bullets to 
the pound, with bandeliers and match convenient, and 
with six months' provisions for himself," one hundred 
and fifty acres of land, and the like number for every 
man-servant or slavef brought with him provided with 
the same necessaries. To females over the age of 
fourteen seventy-five acres were promised, and a 
similar number to every Christian servant at the ex- 
piration of his or her term of service. Those going 
before the 1st of January, 1665-66, were to receive 
one hundred and twenty acres, if master, mistress, or 
able man-servant or slave, and weaker servants, male 
or female, sixty acres; those during the third year 
three-fourths, and during the fourth one-half, of 
these quantities.^ 

Many of the early settlers were sent out in the cm- 
ploy of the different proprietors under such agree- 
ments as would afford them the benefits of the head- 
lands granted to each individual brought into the 
province. Fifty acres were allowed to each master of 
a family and twenty-five to each person composing 
it, whether wife, child, or servant, each servant to be 
bound three years, and at the end of that time to be 
allowed to take up thirty acres on his or her own ac- 
count. Under this plan there was a shipment from 
Scotland in 1682 in the interest of Rudyard and 



* Sec appendix to Smith's " Hist, of the Colony of Nova-Ca'saria," pp. 
012-61(1; also Bancroft's "History of the United States," vol. ii. p. 310, 
ninth edition. 

f In the " Concessions" of the West Jersey proprietors this subject is 
treated in almost the samo language, except the words "or slave" are 
omitted. — JSitUorlcal Collections nf Nov Jersey, p. 38. 

I Whitehead's " EaBt Jersey under the Proprietary Governments," pp. 
::h, 30. 



Groom, and another the following year, of thirty-one 
servants, under two overseers, on board the " Ex- 
change," Capt. Peacock. The records show that this 
was the beginning of an extensive traffic in servants. 

Native Indians as well as negroes were at one time 
held in slavery in New Jersey. " Indian slaves" are 
mentioned in ancient records, and there is documen- 
tary evidence to show that this slavery was legally 
recognized. But of its extent or the period of its du- 
ration nothing is definitely known. 

The earliest instance of the holding of negro slaves 
in New Jersey which is found recorded is that of Col. 
Richard Morris, of Shrewsbury, who as early as 1680 
had sixty or more slaves about his mill and planta- 
tion.j! The inhabitants of North New Jersey nearly 
all had slaves as early as 1690. Their increase was 
rapid, inasmuch as in .1790 there were eleven thou- 
sand four hundred and twenty-three slaves in the 
State. After 1800 their number very rapidly declined. 

It is not to be wondered at that the introduction of 
negro slaves into this State was coeval with its settle- 
ment, when it is remembered that the mother-country 
not only recognized their existence as property, but 
also engaged in the slave-trade, and that the adjoining 
provinces possessed them, not even Puritanic New 
England being exempt. || 

II.— "KEDE.MPTIONEKS"— PERSONS SOLD FOR THEIR 
l'ASSAO E-MONEY. 
Another species of servitude prevailed in this sec- 
tion and in the adjoining provinces, the subjects of it 
being known as " redemptioners." These were per- 
sons who sold themselves for a term of years to pay 
the price of their passage to the shores of America. 
These emigrants, before embarking, signed a bond to 
the master of the vessel authorizing him, on arrival 
here, to sell them into service for a term sufficient to 
pay the price agreed upon for passage. "After gaining 
their freedom many of them succeeded in placing 
themselves in comfortable circumstances, and some 
even became wealthy men and large landowners. 
Servants of this class were first found along the Dela- 
ware River about 1662. and for a quarter-century after 
that time domestic or mechanical labor was seldom 
employed for wages. Redemptioners from German 
and Dutch ports were frequently brought over on 
speculation, and when landed were sold at public 
sale. The purchaser had the right to resell the ser- 
vices of the redemptioner, who often passed through 
several hands before he had served out his term. The 
prices paid were usually very low. In 1722, German 
redemptionists in Philadelphia sold at ten pounds 
each for five years of servitude, but in some cases they 
brought more than that for a single year. After the 
middle of the eighteenth century this form of servi- 



g Gordon (p. '20, " Gazetteer") says that in 1C80 there were hut one 
hundred and twenty slaves in the province. This conflicts witll tin 
records extant, and tlio conclusion of the writer is that either Gordon 01 
the p] inter of his hook left off one cipher. 

|| "Hist. Colls. New Jersey," pp. 88, 80. 



SLAVERY AND SERVITUDE IN SUSS FA AND WARREN. 



77 



tude gradually died out, and finally disappeared, 

though there were occasional instances of its practice 
down to, and even alter, the close of the Revolution. 

HI.— LAWS RESPECTING! SLA VERT— ACTIOH OF THE 
QUAKERS. 

Many of the early colonial laws relate to this sub- 
ject. The settlers were forbidden, under heavy penally, 
to trade with slave3 save by consent of their owners. 
A negro, if found five miles from his home, was ap- 
prehended and whipped, the party arresting him re- 
ceiving five shillings therefor. "Runaways" from 
another province were flagellated by the nearest con- 
stable. If convicted of conspiracy to kill a white 
person, of rape, murder, or arson, the penalty was 
"death in such manner as the enormity of the crime 
in the judgment of the justices and freeholders seemed 
meet."* The owners, however, were paid for slaves 
so executed, thirty pounds for males and twenty 

pi Is fur females. This was to prevent owners, to 

avoid the loasofwhal they esteemed to be their prop- 
erty, from being under the temptation of secreting 
slaves who had committed crimes. The fund for in- 
demnifying the owners of slaves was created by an 
assessment made by the justices of the peace. t 

The Quakers, although among the earliest to hold 
slaves, were not quite easy in their consciences in 
regard to it. The Yearly Meeting in 1696 advised 
Friends " not to encourage the bringing in of any 
more negroes," and sundry Meetings during the next 
twenty-live years reiterated this advice. While their 
action was rather in the tone of caution than of cen- 
sure, it ultimately had the desired effect, for the 
records of Woodbridge Meeting, June 17, 1738, in- 
form us that "it hath bin three or four years Since 
friends have bought of them thai was Imported, and 
not since to their Knowlidg "J A report to the 
Monthly Meeting at Plaintield in August, 177 I, stales 
that within the jurisdiction of the Society only one 
negro "tit for freedom" remained a slave.? 

Everything considered, it is remarkable that so few 
crimes wen- committed by the slaves. Pilfering, 

though common, was of a petty nature, and perpe- 
trated mostly to obtain some disallowed luxury. 
Murder, arson, and the like were extremely rare; 
still more so eases of blacks murdering white-, - 

of the firsl offenders in the latter regard were burned 

alive. || This mode of punishment, as well as the ra- 
pidity of its execution alter the commission of the 
crime, may have had a salutary effecl in restraining 
the passions of the colored race. 

• Aol ..rnii (N.Mitr's- i.c*,.- [ p it 

I Bee atao Iho Governor'! ipeeob to the v- ily In itht, In tha 

"JonrnalandVoteeof theHoneeof Bopreaenl i \.i>;," 

|i. 128. 

I •• w Ibrtdgeand Vicinity," p. 74. 

i lui.l . ! 

J In Someiiel County, Jacob Van Koat'e alava eraa baroed »t lha -.ink"' 
n( Hlllatone, 1 1 ■ ,. ounnty-eeat, elnnl r 1 1, ■ fan d tya aflat tli" Diutdei ; 

and In Perth Atnboj'al an early day, two ileTetw burned within 

two weeka of tba perpotmUon of Ibelr offenaaa. 



Yet, a- a rule, the negroes were peaceably disposed. 
And it may be noted, as an evidence in favor of the 
gentlene-s and amenity of domestic slavery in our 
country, that when the slaves w ere invited by the 

British, during the Revolution, to abandon their 

homes and seek refuge within their lines, very few of 
them responded. There were, in fact, slaves enough 
in the country to have decided the contest ad 
to us had they generally joined the armies of our ene- 
mies. 

The first legislative action having for it.s obi 
abolition of slavery in this Slate u a- I 
1821. It was then enacted that the children of all 

slaves in New Jersey born subsequent to July i. is" 1, 

should have their freedom upon attaining to thi 

of twenty-five and twenty-one years for males and 
females respectively. Under the operations of this 
philanthropic' action slavery gradually declined. 

[V.— ABOLITION- OF SLAVERY IX NEW JERSEY- 
STATISTICS— LAST B I. k V E5S. 

The act entirely abolishing shivery in New Jersey 
was passed April 18, 1846. We give the following 
statistics of slaves in Sussex County, taken from the 
census returns for sixty years, from 17!>o to 1850, in- 
clusive: L790, ISO; 1800,514; 1810,478; 1820,878; 
1830,51; 1840,13; 1850,1. This last slave in Sus- 
sex County was Ca'sar Soults, an aged and faithful 

servant belonging to the Dewitt estate, in Walpack. 

When the law abolishing slavery was passed he re- 
fused to accept his freedom, choosing rather to remain 
at his Old home and with those who had always treated 

their slaves kindly. Cawar died March 11, I860, be- 
fore the census for that year was taken. Some two or 

three year- before his death Mr. Peter Dewitt, now of 
Bomerville, N. J., kindly provided for the board and 
care of the faithful old servant in the family of Ab- 
salom Reamer, a respectable colored man in the 
neighborhood, where he spent the remainder of his 

days, being frequently visited and cared for by Mr. 
Dewitt personally. Mr. Dewitt says, speaking of that 

uncertain quantity, the age of a colored person, " I 
was never able to learn the correct date of his birth. 

Ms grandfather used tosay that when he was a young 

married man just beginning to farm, ( 'asar was a boy 
old enough to ph.w. and from that circumstance I 

judge he was in the neighborhood of one hundred 

s ear- old when he died." 

The last slave in Warren County- John Wooly— is 

slill living, in Oxford township, near Belvidere. He 

e of the late Philip Mowry, de- 

. and upon the death of Mr. Mowry, who hit 
no will, the heirs made pro\isi,, M for him in the sum 
Of four thousand dollars, the interest of which is used 

for his support. He is now quite aged, probably 

ninety years old, and is taken care of l.s one of the 
sisters of Mr. Mowry. who resides on tie 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



CHAPTER XII. 

THE IRON INTERESTS OP SUSSEX AND 
WARREN COUNTIES.* 

I.— EARLY HISTORY OF THE IRON INTEREST. 
The aggressive, defensive, inventive, and progres- 
sive power of a state or a nation, if it has not always 
been so, is in the present age of the world measured 
very well by its employment and consumption of one 
of the most common as well as most useful metals, 
iron. In every age it has been used by some portion 
of the human family, and history, ancient as well as 
modern, serves to show that the state or nation pro- 
ducing or consuming most iron in the arts of peace 
and of war has been the most highly civilized and 
powerful, as well as enjoying, from its use in various 
forms, the most comforts of life. Now that our coun- 
try, "the United States of America," only a century 
old, ranks second in population in the list of civilized 
nations, it is a remarkable fact that it is also only 
second in the production of this great staple, and the 
child is now born who will live to see the production 
of iron in its various shapes in this country far ex- 
ceed that of any other country, — perhaps double. 

But, while we speak somewhat boastingly of our 
present status, it will be interesting to take a glance 
backward over our history as colonies and as a union 
of States and mark the progress made; and in doing 
so I shall confine myself mainly to the counties of 
Warren and Sussex, it being, as I understand, the 
main object of the compilers of this History to col- 
lect such data as will serve to illustrate the iron in- 
terest from its earliest commencement in what was 
then Morris County, now Sussex and Warren Coun- 
ties, covering a periodof over one hundred and thirty- 
seven years. 

The first account we have of pig iron being made 
is at Oxford Furnace (then Morris County), then 
known as Upper Greenwich. Two men, Axford and 
Green, came into this section as early as 1730. The 
first named located near the present Oxford Iron- 
Works, Green settled near the beautiful little lakelet 
bearing his name, and some of their descendants are 
still living in the same localities. 

A few years later iron ore was discovered near the 
present workings of the Oxford Iron Company, and 
Jonathan Robeson, of Philadelphia, commenced the 
erection of a small blast-furnace in 1741, and by 
March 9, 1743, made the first pig iron therefrom. 
The weekly product, tradition says, was from thirteen 
to fifteen tons, some of which was cast into cannon- 
halls, some into ships' ballast, some converted into bar 
iron at the neighboring forges on the Musconetcong 
River, and some cast into chimney-backs, many of 
which are yet to be seen in the old houses, having the 
lion and the unicorn with either the motto, "Honi 
Soit qui Mai y pense," or " Dieu mon Droit," with 



' Funiitjliuil chiefly by Col. Charles Scrantun. 



the words " Oxford Furnace, 1758," or such other 
year as the casting may have been made in. The 
earliest date the writer has ever seen was 1747, and 
the oldest pig of iron now known is of 1755. 

The balance of the pig iron annually produced was 
"Carted to Foul Rift, on the Delaware River, south of 
Belvidere, and from there shipped in lots of from ten 
to fourteen tons to Philadelphia, and thence for a 
market, it is said, to England. The boats carrying 
this iron were, and still are, known as " Durham 
boats," taking their name from the Durham Furnace, 
nine miles below Easton, Pa., where they were used 
at an earlier period for the same purpose, that furnace 
having been put in operation probably a few years 
earlier than Oxford (I venture to digress from the 
special object had in view at the commencement to 
say that Messrs. Cooper & Hewitt are now making pig 
iron on the old site, at Durham, from one stack, at 
the rate of five hundred tons a week, where one stack 
one hundred and forty years ago made not over sixteen 
tons per week). The original stack is still standing 
at Oxford, and in use and modernized, somewhat 
larger interior, and, with the aid of steam, hot blast, 
and anthracite fuel, frequently produces more iron in 
a single day than was at that early period produced 
in a week. 

This period preceding the Revolutionary war, from 
1743 to 1775, when the colonies had only from one 
million and a half of population in 1743 to about 
three millions in 1775, with small villages and families 
very far apart, seemed to require very little iron ; its 
real and true value was comparatively unknown, and 
yet it was, as it ever has been, an indispensable metal. 
At the first period named, 1743, there was no village 
in New Jersey containing five hundred population. 
The roads being generally new and rough, with a 
scarcity of money either in specie or in currency, 
very little progress was made in developing the min- 
eral wealth of the country. Very much of the theu 
small trade had to be carried on by barter, and it was 
no uncommon occurrence for pig iron to be sold for 
bar iron, and bar iron for beef and grain to supply 
the workmen at the furnaces of the early period. 
Under these difficulties, iron-works in this country 
increased very slowly, and many that did start were 
obliged to succumb to the inevitable. 

ir.— ANDOVER MINE AND FURNACE. 
One of the early mines opened was that at Andover, 
now in Sussex County. In 1714 a large tract of land, 
including the mine, was located by William and John 
Penn ; subsequently it passed into the hands of an 
English company from Sussex, in England. The 
rich ore from the mine at an early day was taken 
to old Andover (now Waterloo), and there manufac- 
tured into bar iron. From thence it was taken down 
the valley of the Musconetcong to Durham, and thence 
shipped in flat-boats dow» the Delaware to Philadel- 
phia. 



THE IKON INTERESTS OF SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES. 



The development of this mine primarily led to 
measures for the investigation of 1 1 1 « - mineral resources 
,,i Sussex County, and resulted in the greal variej) 
of minerals now mined in different sections within 
Ms boundaries. 

The English company erected a furnace and forge, 
— the former iit Andover, and the latter al Waterloo, 

and in these was worked the ore of the Ko-eville as 
well as of the Andover mine. A correspondent of 
the Newton Herald and Democrat writes in August, 
1871: "We were shown by the Hon. William M. 

I lilt" a pig uf iron from the old Andover fnrnaee. It 
is gaid In he about one hundred anil fifty year- old, is 

six feet in length, six Inches broad by four inches 
thick, and weighs ubout three hundred pounds." 

This mine remained in the hands uf the English 
Company till 177*, when it passed into the possesion 

of the colonies, and its iron was converted into cannon- 
balls and steel for the artillery of the American army. 
In iln- early pari of the present eentnry John Ruther- 
ford, i large real estate operator, owned the mine; he 
disposed of it about L840 to Andrew Slockbower, who, 
in turn, sold it to the Trenton Iron Company. They 
sold it, several years ago, to the Andover Iron Com- 
pany, in whose possession it still remains. In the 

early pari of 1871, Messrs. Eagle & Schulta leased it 

of the i ipany for a term of two years, with the 

privilege of ten. 

The presenl base of operations is about one mile 
northeast of Andover, in an opening made a number 

Of years sinee a short distance from the old mine. A 
new shaft has heen sunk from the opening on the hill, 

and a tunnel excavated in the side of the hill below 

to connect with it. The or ■ is magnetic and very 
rieh. At the places where it is taken it is mixed with 
'' lean" ore from other mines, and produces an excel- 
lent quality of iron. Specimens of lead anil silver 

ore are found in this mine, but not in sufficient quan- 
tities to render working proliiahle. 

[It.-TIIK OXFORD FURNACE. 

After having heen started by its founder, this fnr- 
naee was carried on in turn by Messrs. K iberddU, 

Showers & Campbell for a number of years, and then 
by Conrad Davis, Esq., of this county, for three years, 

from 1806 to 1809. From this period. 1809, to 1881 

it was idle, its ownership having in the n time 

passed to Morris R tbeson, Esq., bod of the founder, 

who only carried mi the business with the mills, -tore, 
and farm- connected therewith. After hi- death his 

wiilou, Mrs. Tacy Robeson, leased the furnace and 

mine- lor a term of lea years, from L831 to 1842, I I 

Messrs. William Henry, John Jordan, Jr., and John 
F. Walle (Henry, Jordan & Co.), who at once began 

to reopen the mines and gel ready for the manufac- 
ture Of StOVeS, which hilsincss they carried on until 

1889, thoy then selling out their unexpired lease, _■ I- 

♦ Bea blatorj "i the BeroluUun in tli(« work. 



will, and fixtures to M — i -. George W. and 8. T. 
Scranton, who confined the work to the make of pig 
iron used almost exclusively for ear- wheels, Mr. Henry 
withdrawing in order that he might give his time and 

mind to starting a new furnac ■ at what is now known 
as Scranton, with anthracite coal as fuel. .V few 
months after this change Mr. Henry's partner died. 

and it resulted in i i ge W. aid Sclden T. Scranton, 

with Philip II. Mather, Esq., of Easton, Pa., and 
San ford Grant, Esq.jOf Belvidere, visiting tin- pi 
site of the city of Scranton with Mr. Henry, and there 
forming the nucleus of an establishment, taking into 
con-id. ration all of it- ramifications, second to none 
in the world. 

The firm of George W. .x S. T. Scranton continued 
until 1844, when the writer of thi- became a partner. 
Meanwhile, the liiisin.-s grew at Scranton. both 
I reorge W. and S. T. Scranton moving to that place. 
The writer ill is 17 1. ought their entire interest at Ox- 
ford, and in L849 purchased of the late Hon. William 

p. Robeson hi- entire estate ah mt Oxford, and, taking 

into partnership again his two brothers and lion. 
William E. Dodge, tin- new firm of Charles Scranton 
,\ i lo. erected, in addition to their other work, a ear- 

h ! eel foundry, which they carried on until L858,when 

both the writer of this and William Hodge sold their 
entire interest to George W. and S. T. Scranton. It 
should he stated right here that the lir-t ear-wheel- 
made, in 1850, were carted from Oxford to Scranton 

over the In h-woinls route, sixty-eight mile-, in order 

to give the Lackawanna and Western Railroad Com- 
pany cars to commence running coal-trains to Ithaca 
for the opening of its business, and for the equivalent of 
threi cents per pound, delivered (the writer ha- a vivid 

recollection of teaming ill those days). In 1858, Col. 
George W. Scranton was elected to Congress, and S. 

T. Scranton resigned as president of the Lackawanna 
Iron and Coal Company. and removed to Oxford to 

tike charge of the new purchases. 

In 1863 the Oxford lr >u I lompauy was incorporated. 
since which time the i ipany has erected an addi- 
tional blast-furnace, having a capacity to produce 

twelve thousand tons of pig iron yearly, a rolling- 
mill, machine-shop, foundries, nail-factory, etc, with 

a capacity to pro lu-v from ore- smelted here two hun- 
dred and forty thousand kega of nails per annum, and 

giving employment to about seven hundred and tiftv 

men and hoys, who, with the families of the former, 
make up a population of ahout three thousand soul-. 

lie- , ipany Use in this manufacture ahout sixty 

thousand tons of anthracite coal per annum, ahout 
thirty thousand tons of iron ore which is mined here , 
and ten thousand tons of limestone, or much more of 
each mineral than was used in all New Jersey whon 

the writer commenced work here, in i- 

The franklin Iron-Works arc of a later origin. 
The original company, known as the Boston f rank- 
linite Company. Iiuilt a small charcoal furnace, which 

they operated, not very successfully, till 1867. In that 



80 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



year the property was purchased by William E. 
Dodge, Moses Taylor, John I. Blair, Joseph H. 
Seranton, and others who were stockholders of the 
Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company of Seranton, 
Pa. In 1872 the company was reorganized under a 
new charter, and is known as the Franklin Iron 
Company. In January, 1874, this company put their 
present furnace in blast. 

IV.— COMPARISON BETWEEN THE PAST AND 
PRESENT. 
- Oxford was the only blast-furnace in Warren County 
up to 1846, Messrs. Cooper & Hewitt erecting two at 
Phillipsburg in 1847, and later erected a third furnace, 
now owned by the Andover Iron Company. In 1873 
the Pequest Company erected a furnace in Oxford 
township, now owned by Messrs. Cooper c% Hewitt ; 
and in 1874 another was erected, at Hackettstown, 
now owned by Joseph Wharton, Esq., of Philadel- 
phia ; so that there are in Warren County, at this 
time, seven blast-furnaces, having an annual capacity 
to produce as follows : 

Furnaces. Tone. 

Tlie Andover Iron Company 3 50,000 

The Oxford Iron Company 2 16,000 

Tlie Pequest Iron Company 1 10,000 

The Warren Furnace Company 1 11,000 

Total 87,000 

And in Sussex County : 

Tlie Franklin Iron Company 1 21,000 

The Musconetcong Iron Company in Stanhope 2 35,000 

Total 10 143,000 

This in a territory embracing about seven hundred, 
and fifty square miles, in what was a part of Morris 
County up to 1753. Nearly as much pig iron is now 
made yearly as was made in the whole Union in 1835, 
and at least twenty times as much as was made in the 
shape of pig iron by all the colonies in 1743, the period 
first alluded to. 

There were several charcoal blast-furnaces erected 
in Sussex County between 1760 and 1844, — viz., the 
Andover, 1760; the Franklin, 1772; the Hamburg, 
1834; the Wawayanda, 1836, — all of which have 
passed away, and forges at Squire's Point, Change- 
water, Imlaydale, Hughesville, and Greenwich, in 
Warren County, and at Andover, Stanhope, Water- 
loo, Sparta, and numerous other points in Sussex 
County, none of which are now operative. These in 
the early periods used pig iron, and later iron ore, 
making bars direct from the ores. 

I should perhaps remark right here that a very 
large amount of iron ore (probably over fifty thousand 
tons yearly) is mined in Sussex and Warren Counties 
and shipped to Pennsylvania for smelting, besides a 
large amount of zinc ores, and at this time there is 
used by the Warren Foundry and other foundries and 
rolling-mills in the two counties over forty thousand 
tons of pig iron yearly. 

In conclusion, the writer of this will state that in 
his short life he is witness to the fact that, with the 



improved machinery brought into use in agriculture, 
on a farm of say two hundred acres the weight of 
iron and steel in use in 1838 was about ten to twelve 
hundred pounds, compared with about one and three- 
quarter tons at present, and from a consumption per 
capita per annum, in 1838, of about thirty-five pounds, 
it will reach, in the years 1880 and 1881, fully two 
hundred and twenty pounds, or an aggregate of five 
million five hundred thousand net tons ! so that, what- 
ever modus operandi, sort of locomotion or transporta- 
tion or style or composition of architecture on sea or 
land we have had in the past, or may have in the 
future, we most certainly are now living in the iron 
and steel age. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE 
"WAR OP THE REBELLION. 

I.— THE SITUATION IN 1861. 

Were it possible to recall the events of 1861 with 
the same vividness and reality with which they then 
struck the public mind, the present generation might 
form some conception of the stirring scenes enacted 
a-t the outbreak of the war of the Rebellion, — scenes 
which only those who participated in them can fully 
appreciate. Unhappily for the distinctness of the 
impression, the vision has measurably faded away in 
the lapse of twenty years ; so that our young people 
of to-day know these events only by tradition or by 
the dim light shed upon them in history. The out- 
burst of patriotism known as the "great uprising" 
which followed the attack on Fort Sumter, in April, 
1861, flowed like a mighty inundation into every 
State, county, village, and hamlet, and into all the 
avenues of business, trade, commerce, and social life. 
The country had been waiting in solemn and anxious 
pause for the results of secession in South Carolina, 
and to see what the seceded State would do with the 
little garrison in her harbor and with the flag of the 
Union which floated above its ramparts. The mo- 
ment that flag was struck and that fort fired upon the 
shock of impending war thrilled the whole country. 
The pause was at an end : action was now needed ; 
nor were the people long in deciding what to do. 
Troops were called for by the President of the United 
States, and forthwith flags were, hoisted and recruiting- 
stations opened in every town, hamlet, and school- 
district; business marched to the sound of the fife 
and drum, and the air was filled with strains of mar- 
tial music. The whole North awoke to meet the call 
of the government in enlisting, equipping, and send- 
ing forward troops to decide the momentous question 
of union or secession by the arbitrament of arms. 

New Jersey was not behind the other States of the 
North in responding to the call. Governor Olden, 
her executive, was patriotic and energetic. He was 



SUSSKX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE WAR OF TIIK REBELLION. 81 



greatly assisted in the selection of officers by a board 
of examiners com i ii isccl df Adjt.-( ri-ii. Stockton, I.b-ut. 
A. T. A. Torbert, and Gen. William Cook. Lieut. 
Torbcrt, who was at an early day assigned for duty 

at Trenton, rendered from the start most important 
service in organizing the fire) New Jersey regiments 
for the field. Governor Olden was also greatly as- 
sisted in the labors of bis office by Capt. Charles P. 
Smith, James T. Sherman, formerly editor of the 
Stale Gazette, Barker Gummere, clerk in chancery, 
Col. Charles Scranton, Gen. N. N. Balsted, Hon. 
Joseph W. Allen, and others, all of whom labored 
untiringly and without compensation in behalf of the 

Slide. 

The counties of Sussex and Warren, moved by the 
same patriotic impulse, began in season to co-operate 
with the other counties of the State in raising and 
sending forward their quotas of troops. When, in 
preparation for raising the first four regiments called 
for, twenty-four of the principal banks of the State 
pledged (iovernor Olden four hundred and fifty-One 
thousand dollars, Sussex Bank, at Newton, came for- 
ward with twenty thousand dollars and Fanners' 

Hank of Wantage with ten thousand dollars. Six 
(lavs alter President Lincoln's call for the first troops 
had been issued, Judson Ivil pal rick, of Sussex, — a 
name now known to fame, but then a cadet lieuten- 
ant in the United Slates Military Academy at West 
Point, — address;. (I an Urgent appeal to the ( Iovernor to 

be permitted to share with the troops of his State the 

dangers and honors of the field. From the beginning 
to the close of the war these counties bore a most hon- 
orable ami patriotic part in the "/real service and sac- 
rifice demanded of the American people to sustain 
the Union. The name- of their soldier- are to be 
found on the rolls of a large number of regiments of 
this and other States. Such of those regiments as 
were most noticeable for the number of Sussex and 
Warren County men serving in their ranks will be 
here specially mentioned. It may be proper to re- 
mark thai recruiting began in Newton and Belvidere 
Immediately upon the issuing of the first call by the 

President for three months' nun. on April 15, 1SG1. 
On the 18th, — Only three days after the call, — Capt. 

Edward L. Campbell had raised a C pany in I'.clw- 

dere, consisting of seven officers and fifty private-. 

On the 19th the company was raised to ii- full com- 
plement, and was taken by Capt. Campbell to Tren- 
ton, but the State authorities wen- not ready to mus- 
ter them into the service. < In the IStli of May. ( 'apt. 
bell, with a portion of these men and other 

recruits, went into the Third Begiment, then organ- 
wed and mustered into the United States aervice for 
three years.* In like manner, Capt. James 



• Capt De Witt Clinton ni.ilr, ,,r Belvidere, m of u id John I. 

Blair, ml I u full c puny Imi Ilatolj after the news ni n 

Irlngon Sumtor, In Warren C ity,and presented them, will 

»t iholr hoad, al Tronton; but no farther domnnd being made for more 
troops, himself nud command, after staying n few days, returned home. 



raised a company in Newton, which were not mus- 
tered, but, with their leader, became Company I' of 
the Third Regiment. These were the earliest compa- 
nies raised in Sussex and Warren Counties, and the 
earliest in the State raised expressly tor the emer- 
gency, although there were some militia organizations, 
already existing, which were a little in advance of 
them in tendering their services. 

The following extract from the historical address of 
I 'ol. Charles Scranton. delivered at Belvidere, July 4, 
1 S7i;. on the oe.a-ioii of the centennial celebration, is 
pertinent in this connection : 

"In 1861, when the plol of treason ami laid which threatened the 

lit.- ..f ..hi- belored onnntry, and the aaat of gnvernment itself leei 1 

in danger, ,i yonng man whom many of you know, tlio prit 
rotary of my docossed brother, waa In Washington City, where he 
volunteered as a private In Ool. Lane's pompany, and served until 
troops arrived fn.m afaaaacliHSetts, Pennsylvania, una Mew Jeraay. when 
bo was honorably tllnchnrued, receiving the thank! of the President and 

i ] Henry whs tbo first volnn-l 

leer from Oxford, Warren Co., "f this state, in tbo great civil war, as 
John Hi Murray and Thomas Wlilto were in the Revolutionary war, 
and, although na.Twnr.la entering the Ninth New Jenny Volunteer", bo 
Ural officer from New Jersey t.. fall in battle. The lute war is 
so fresh in yniir memories that I shall only briefly refer to it Bumler 
was fired on; lis garrison taken prisoners. Tho call for men to arms 
was made b] President Lincoln. Jon nil know what the resnonso was. 
M<^t of yon rememher the ftral meeting In yonder conrt-hooae, whei i I 
had the honor to preside; how Campbell, Kennedy, and others rallied 
i ! the old iinL' and qnlckly formed a company and moved for Tren- 
ton. Of the meeting at Phllllpsburg, and how Mutchler, 8ltgreavee, 
Schoonover, and othen Hocked t" the standard; and again at Oxford, 
how the gnllanl McAllister, Henry, Warner, Brewater, and oth< 
men ami true, Joined the phalanx; and again al Clinton, under the 
brave and gallant Taylor. As aide to the lato lamented good G 
Cliarles S. Obion I attended four meeting! In as manj days, and wo had 
..it r quota more than full before we had a i»laco fur the men to quarter. 
We were without uniforms, anna, '"' ' inlpments. What memories clus- 
ter aron ml those day* of April and May, 1861, and all through the t.>rrl- 
l.le wnr! And later, as further oalla fur tr-H.ps cam©, liow nobly did "tir 
oonnty of Warren respond : Ton knew these noble, brave young man. 
I knew them by the thonmnd In the state. I loved them and 

i and thousands fell with tb.-ir fa.ee to the 
f-T ! Henry. Brewster, tAwrenoe, Hilton, Hlekt, Armstrong, u 
of other noble heroes from oM Warren fell. I shrink from calling tho 
r- >1 1 of tboso honored dead, our oonnty fun and f"ur 

hundred anil thirty-seven tin-ii, Is-siiles these from her tu i.tln 

of whom ono hitiiilrod and seventy-slx fall in hattli 
of disease oontraotod in tho army, or from Inhuman Iroatmenl In prisons. 
Of these bravo men who thus .li.-i soma Us in onrown cametei I 
on the field where thoy fell. In graves unknown, and thougl 
urn or animated on isil or granite pile marks their last 

resting-place boro on earth, ot their mamorleawlll livo in story and 
hIstory,and annoallyaa their lovadonas gather flowers tostrewon their 
tomtis, or bedew them with their t. Mm. will then grow an increasing 
lovefbrthett memories. Vnllow-elti irvivors of the war 

for tl.e Dnkra, v.. iv many of whom it u»-ninomy duty t-» give an outfit 
(br tie- war, as I -e.- you bal ire in- my heart warms in admli 
your gallantly, of youf hon ' white JOO Wars 

in New Jersey camps. Befc ; tttiat.iu 

nil the wurtc performed by me in feeding, clothing, and paying ' 

sey i win. enlisted f-r the war. no one, so far us I can reo.ii- 

guvo mo ono stnglo cause for reproof. I piles this alio on ti*"nl as a 
rolonteai (save one crasy man) ovor deserted the aunps whore 
four sabordinatlon ami gallantry, with the thousands from 
olhsr oonntlos and guJdanos of a wis* pron>: 

reeling the grsal mind of the Lnunortal Unooln and bis coadjutors, has 
made this nation in truth free." 

Nearly er.-iy man, hOWOW, enlist. -I silt— .iimntly, when calls were 
want "ut In the Twenty-eecoud New York 
Infantry as a private aud served the time of his command. , 



82 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



A call was made on the ladies of New Jersey to 
raise ten thousand dollars to purchase ten thousand 
rubber blankets for the soldiers. The ladies of War- 
ren did at least one-tenth of this patriotic work. 

II— FIRST REGIMENT, COMPANY D. 

Company D of the First New Jersey Infantry was 
raised in Phillipsburg, Warren Co., and vicinity. The 
regiment of which it was a part was fully organized, 
equipped, and officered by May 18, 1861, and on the 
21st was duly mustered into the United States service 
at Trenton for three years. It left for the seat of 
war, June 28, 1861, with a full complement of men, 
numbering, including officers and privates, ten hun- 
dred and thirty-four. By the latter part of 1863, 
Company D had become so thinned as not to be able 
to muster its requisite number of men, and its place 
was supplied, Jan. 30, 1864, by a full new company 
sent on from Trenton. Others, when their time ex- 
pired, re-enlisted in the field, and those who did not 
and whose time had expired were mustered out of 
the service. Some of the men whose term of service 
did not expire with that of the regiment were as- 
signed temporarily to duty with the Fourth and Fif- 
teenth Regiments, but were subsequently consolidated 
as Companies A, B, and C of the First Battalion, and 
were mustered out with that organization at Hall's 
Hill, Va., June 29, 1865. 

The regiment was commanded successively by Col. 
William R. Montgomery, promoted to brigadier-gen- 
eral May 17, 1861 ; Col. Alfred T. A. Torbert, pro- 
moted to brigadier-general of United States volun- 
teers Nov. 29, 1862, to brevet major-general Sept. 9, 
1864; and by Col. Mark W. Collett, transferred from 
the Third Regiment as lieutenant-colonel, and be- 
came colonel upon the promotion of Col. Torbert. 
Col. Collett was killed in action at Fredericksburg, 
May 3, 1863. The regiment constituted one of the 
four regiments of the First Brigade of New Jersey 
Volunteers, and was attached to Gen. Runyon's divi- 
sion of reserve militia at the battle of Bull Run, 
July 21, 1861. It was subsequently organized with 
Kearney's brigade, Franklin's division ; afterwards 
with the First Brigade, First Division, First Army 
Corps, then with the First Brigade, First Division, 
Sixth Army Corps, and at the close of the war was 
assigned to the Provisional Corps of the Army of 
the Potomac. It participated in all the principal 
battles of the war in Virginia, Maryland, and Penn- 
sylvania, and was present at Lee's surrender at Appo- 
mattox, April 9, 1865.* 

Its original lieutenant-colonel was Robert McAllis- 
ter, of Oxford Furnace, Warren Co. He raised a 
company upon the first call for three years' men, and 
reported at Trenton early in May, 1861, and on the 
21st of that month was appointed lieutenant-colonel 
of the First Regiment. He was subsequently (1862) 

* See roster of Company D, Second Koyiment, in Chapter XV. 



colonel of the Eleventh Regiment, and later received 
the honors of brevet rank as brigadier general for 
"gallant and distinguished services at Boydton Plank 
Road," and as major-general " for meritorious services 
during the war." He shared in the first battle of the 
war, and participated in the last. His remarkable 
coolness and intrepidity won the commendation of his 
superiors. He was mustered out June 6, 1865. 

William Henry, Jr. (of Oxford), the lieutenant- 
colonel of this regiment, enlisted May 21, 1861, and 
was the first adjutant, dating from May 31, 1861. He 
was subsequently promoted successively to the rank 
of major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel. He was 
wounded a number of times, reported killed at Second 
Bull Run, but came in the next day limping, and had 
the pleasure of reading his own obituary. This regi- 
ment (and the Second and Third) was mustered into 
service on the 21st of May ; their time, consequently, 
expired May 21, 1864. Their long service had made 
them veterans, and they had arranged to return home 
on the expiration of their service, but this occurring 
in the midst of the thirty days' fights in the Wilder- 
ness, they were asked to remain and see the campaign 
ended, which they did, remaining in line of battle 
until June 4, 1864, and out of twenty-seven line- 
officers in this regiment, including Col. Henry, who 
were sound on the 21st of May, all but three were 
killed or wounded ; and from over three hundred men 
engaged in the long fight but one hundred and sixty- 
one came back to Trenton with Col. Henry, he him- 
self receiving the most serious wound of his life the 
last hour of the 4th of June. 

III.— THE SECOND REGIMENT (THRUE YEARS). 

The honors won by the famous "Second" are due 
in part to Sussex County, she furnishing not only 
some of its best fighting material, but some of its 
bravest commanders on "field and staff." Company 
B, representing Sussex County, was organized in May, 
1861, and officered by Henry O. Ryerson, Captain ; 
John T. Whitehead, First Lieutenant ; Jacob H. Hoff- 
man, Second Lieutenant. Capt. Ryerson, when pro- 
moted major, Jan. 20, 1862, was succeeded by John 
A. Wildrick. Maj. Ryerson became lieutenant-colo- 
nel of the Second, July 1, 1862, and subsequently was 
promoted to be colonel of the Twenty-third Regi- 
ment. Capt. Wildrick also received promotion and 
honors in the Twenty-eighth Regiment, becoming the 
lieutenant-colonel of that command Feb. 11, 1863. A 
roster of the Sussex County members of Company B 
will be found in another chapter. In this connection 
will be given a brief sketch of the regiment in which 
this company so faithfully served. 

Along with the First, Third, and Fourth Regiments, 
the Second constituted the " First New Jersey Bri- 
gade." This command reached Washington June 
29, 1861. It immediately entered upon the active 
duties of the campaign, and at the battle of Bull Run, 
amid all the panic and tumult, its members performed 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE WAR OF Till: REBELLION. 



-■: 



the work assigned them without a tremor of unsteadi- 
ness. 

A1 Gaines' -Mill, on June .7. 1862, where it was en- 
gaged at tin- up. -i difficult and dangerous parte of the 
field, the officers and men alike bravely stood their 
ground amid a most galling fire from the enemy. 
At one time four companies i D, If, I, and K i of the 
Sit.. ml were expose I to the full force of the rebel un- 
set, but with Berried ranks and without any support 
they fought till nightfall. The loss was fifteen killed, 

forty-eight wounded, ami forty-one mi-sin-.', among 

the number being Col. Tucker, killed, and Maj. Ryer- 
Bon, wounded and taken prisoner. 

In the fight at Manassas Junction, Aug. 27, 1802, 
tin regiment did valiantly and suffered terribly, its 
lose being eight killed, thirty-nine wounded, thirty- 
one missing, and forty-five taken prisoners. Among 
the officers wounded was ( !apt. Wildrick, off loinpany 
B (Sussex County). Gen. Taylor fell in this engagi ■ 
mint, Bhot through the leg.* 

At Crampton's Gap (Sep . II. 1862] the Second wa- 
in the line of battle, which " dashingly mef and drove 
tin- enemy," carried the heights, and won a victory. 
But fifty-five of its brave members went down in this 
charge, although its heroism, and that of the brigade 
with which it fought, were recorded in "general 

orders" by the brigade i imander, Col. A. T. A. Tor- 

bert, in which he said, "Your advance in line of 
battle under a galling artillery I'm- and final bayonet 
charge was a feat seldom if ever surpassed. The 

heights you took show plainly what determi 1 and 

well-disciplined soldiers can do." 

The Second Regiment, with its brigade, remained 
in Maryland until ( )et. 2. 1862, « hen, alter much toil- 

Bome marching, it encamped at Stafford Court-house. 
It tin-re remained until it joined in the movement 
against Fredericksburg, in which it participated, and 
then went intu winter quarters. In the ensuing cam- 
paigns of 1863 at Salem < Ihurch, where the regiment 

was in the skirmish-line ; in the fighting about ( Ihan- 

cellorsville, where it h>-t forty-nine in killed, wounded, 
and missing : it- forci d march to < rettysburg and en- 
gagement "ii the picket-line : and through the battles 
of the "Wilderness," in which its losses were heavyl 
— it fully sustained it- previously-earned reputation 

tor conspicuous bravery. In the Charge to retake the 

"Gall House," Lieut.-Col. Wilbeckfe, of the Second, 

Was killed. 

[ts time ha viDg expired on May 29, 1 B6 1. the regiment 
left the t'nint and returned t-> Trenton tor muster out. 
Tin- regiment numbered on its return to New Jersey 
only three hundred and fifteen <>!li ->-r- and enlisted 

men. It had left tin- State, in June, 1861, with a full 

complement of men.— ten hundred and forty-four 

strong. The major part of the survivor- of the old 

Second were mustered out June 21, 1864; the re- 

* II.- .li.-l it Alexandria, foul "I By* •liivs ufl.-r tin- Bght, 1 1 ■ < tn III,- 

.-it., i- uflln anipntallon of till wounded limb. 
t Ninety tin,-.- lulled, (rounded, and - 



maining portion — those whose term of service did not 

expire with the regiment, and tho-e who had re- 

en listed in the field for "three year- or tin- war" — 
w.-re temporarily assigned to duty with the Fifteenth 
Regiment. Dec. 20, 1864, they were consolidated into 
what was known a- Company A, So 1 Battalion, 

and BO remained until the early part of 1866, when 

tin- Si ml Regiment was reorganized and fully com- 
pleted by the forwarding of recruits, drafted men, etc. 

It was -till in tin- First Brigade, but its history, until 

near the close of 1864, was that of the Fifteenth 
Regiment, with which it was merged, and with whose 
brave soldiers it fought on several hotly-contested 
Gelds. The battle- in which it figured after it- re- 
organization were Ilatelier's Hun. Fort Steedinan, 
Petersburg, 8ailor's Creek, Farmvillej then came the 

surrender at Appomattox. April '.», 1865, and the end 
of the war. (In the 24th of May it began its march 
northward. It was mustered out July 11, 1865, at 
1 1 ill, Va. ; thence proceeded to Trenton, N. J., 
where it was disbanded. 

IV.— THE THIRD REGIMENT (THREE TEARS). 

Capt. .lame- <;. I'itt- recruited a company in New- 
ton, in April, 1861, under the rail for three months' 
troop-. Inside of one hour seventy-two of the men 
signed the roll on New ton Green. This wa- the first 
company raised in Sussex County for the war of tin- 
Rebellion. The three month-' call being tilled, the 

i ipany was not mustered into the service. Most of 

these men, however, enlisted for three years in the 
company subsequently raised, organized, and known 

as Company 1>. Third Regiment New Jersey Volun- 
teers. There were in this company at its organization 

nine in. -n from Warren, nine from Morris, five from 

Essex, one each from ( frangeand Hunterdon, two from 

Camden, and six from other point-: the remainder 
were residents of Sussex County, and their names 
may be found in a succeeding chapter. 

Company 10, t 'apt. Edward L. Campbell, was raised 
in Warren County, part of them being three months' 
men, recruited by Capt Campbell immediately after 
the iir-t call of President Lincoln, but not then mus- 
tered into tin- service. The captain of this company, 
First Lieut. William P. Robeson, Jr.. Second Lieut. 
Thomas P. Edwards, Com. Sergt Nelson s. Boston 

promoted to set 1 lieutenant July Is, 1862), Corp. 

Neliemiah Tunis (promoted to tir-t Bergi 

Abraham M. Salmon, and a number of privates, Were 

from Belvidere. 
Tin- Third Regiment, of which the-.- companies 

w.-re a component part, was organized by May 1 s. 
1861, and on the tth of June was mu-tered into tie- 
sorviee • f the 1'nited States tor three year-. June 

28, 1861, with a full complement of men, it left the 

Stat,- lor tin- seal of war, and was one of the four 
regiments composing what was generally known as 

tin- •■ l'ir-t Brigade New Jersey Volunteers." It was 
first attached to Gen. Runyon's division of ret 



84 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



(militia), then to the First Brigade (Kearney's), of 
Franklin's division, afterwards to the First Brigade, 
First Division, First Army Corps, later to the Sixth 
Corps, and at the close of the war was assigned to 
what was known as the Provisional Corps, Army of 
the Potomac. 

Company D participated in most -of the engage- 
ments in which the regiment took part.* It was at 
Bull Run, "and aided materially in arresting the 
retreat of our forces on that fateful day." The Third 
Regiment was one of the first of the New Jersey com- 
mands to suffer loss from the bullets of the enemy ; 
this was August 29th, near Cloud's Mills, when it 
was ambuscaded and lost six men, two of whom were 
killed. Eight companies of the Third were the first to 
reach and take possession of the rebel works at Manas- 
sas Junction. June 27, 1862, at Gaines' Farm, Va., 
it did some splendid fighting. " It was ordered into 
the woods to relieve Newton's brigade, which was 
sorely pressed by the enemy. At this point the woods, 
some four hundred yards in front of our line of battle, 
swarmed with rebels, who fought with the greatest 
desperation, handling their artillery especially in the 
most effective manner, and doing fearful execution on 
our ranks. The gallant Third, however, bravely stood 
its ground, opening a galling fire on the enemy, and 
remaining in the woods until the close of the action." 
Three times the rebels were driven from the woods, 
but as often rallied ; and if success did not crown the 
issue of this fight, it was no fault of the " Jersey Bri- 
gade" nor any question of the valor of the Third. 
George W. Taylor, brigadier-general commanding 
the First Brigade, in his official report of this battle, 
says, — 

" This was the first of my regiments engaged. . . . 
They were all this time under a galling fire, often a 
cross-fire, but maintained their ground until near sun- 
set, when the whole line fell back. They had at this 
time expended (a large majority of the men) their last 
cartridge, sixty rounds to the man. . . . With their 
comrades falling around, they stood up like a wall of 
iron, losing over one-third of their number, and gave 
not an inch of ground until their ammunition was ex- 
pended and the retrograde movement became gen- 
eral." 

How valiant were the services of the Third in the 

* The report) of the adjutant-general of the State of Now Jersey 
show that this regiment took part in the following battles: In 1801, 
Bull Eun and Munson's Hill. In 1802, West Point, Gaines' Farm, 
Charles City Cross-Boads, Malvern Hill, Manassas, Chantilly, and Fred- 
ericksburg, all on Virginia soil, and Crampton's Pass and Antletam, In 
Maryland. The year 180:1 opened with Fredericksburg (May 3), and 
followed with Salem Heights, Va., Gettysburg, Pa., Falrileld, Pa„ Wll- 
liamsport, Md., Funktown, Md., Rappahannock Station, Va., and Mine 
Bun, Va. The engagements of 1804— WildornoBS, Spottsylvanln, Spott- 
sylvanfa Court-house, North and South Anna Blver, Hanover Court- 
house, Tolopotomy Creek, Cold Harbor, Weldon Railroad, Snicker's 
Gap, Strasburg, Winchester, Charlostown, Oponuan, Fisher's Hill, New 
Market, Mount Jackson, Cedar Creek, and Middlotown— were all in Vir- 
ginia. In 1805, Hatcher's Bun, Fort Steodman, capture of Petersburg, 
Sailor's Creek, Farmvilie, and Loo's surrender (April 9), likewise all 
occurred in Virginia. 



Wilderness campaign may be conceived from its se- 
vere losses, the figures showing twenty-one killed, one 
hundred and two wounded, and thirty-three missing, 
a total of one hundred and fifty-six, of which Com- 
pany D sustained its full share. 

From this time until the expiration of its term 
-of service, in June, 1864, the regiment did not en- 
gage the enemy (excepting the battle of Cold Har- 
bor, June 1 and 3, 1864), only in desultory fight- 
ing, skirmishing, etc;., and on the 3d of June left the 
front en route for New Jersey. It arrived at Trenton 
on the 7th. The men who there re-enlisted, with 
those whose term was not expired, were transferred 
to the Fifteenth Regiment, but Dec. 17, 1864, they 
were consolidated into what was known as Company 
A, Third Battalion, and were mustered out with that 
organization, June 29, 1865. 

V.— THE SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

This command, in which Sussex was represented 
by one full company (I), and Warren by Co. E, Capt. 
Henry E. Cooper, was raised in the summer of 1861. 
At the urgent request of the general government 
that the regiment be sent to the seat of war at 
once, seven companies were dispatched to Washing- 
ton, September 19th, and on the 20th reported for 
duty at the capital. The other three companies early 
in October joined the regiment at that place. Early 
in December the regiment reported to Gen. Hooker, 
near Budd's Ferry, Md., and were brigaded, the Fifth, 
Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth New Jersey Regiments 
being designated the Third Brigade in his division, 
although popularly known in this State as the 
"Second New Jersey Brigade." 

Its first important engagement was the battle of 
Williamsburg, May 5, 1862. The position of the 
enemy was one of great strength, with Fort Magru- 
der in the centre, flanked on either side, as far as eye 
could reach, with a cordon of redoubts, and further 
strengthened by innumerable rifle-pits and a vast 
stretch of tangled abatis. Their cannon swept the 
whole undulating plain in front of the redoubts. 
"The Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth were sent into a 
woods to the left of the road, in front of a line of 
field-works. The rain was falling in torrents, and the 
men stood half-leg deep in mire and water. Steadily 
advancing through the underbrush, the gallant regi- 
ments soon came upon the enemy's forces, and at 
once opened a vigorous fire. Here, for three hours, 
the conflict raged with desperate fury. The fire of 
the enemy was pitilessly destructive, and did not 
slacken for a moment. But the brave fellows into 
whose faces it was poured stood firmly and unflinch- 
ingly, — sometimes, indeed, pushed back a little space, 
but as surely hurling the rebels, bleeding and shat- 
tered, to their works. ... At last the enemy, driven 
to desperation (and reinforced), rushed forward in 
overwhelming numbers, pouring a terrific fire into 
our whole line. Then, at last, that brave line wa- 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES IN THE WAB OF THE REBELLION 



-3 



vered. Their ammunition exhausted, their muskets 
rusted by the drenching rain, their rank-* terribly 
thinned, exhausted by want of food and a difficult 
march, these heroes of the day, before this last over- 
whelming onset, fell slowly back, But not defeated. 
They held the enemj in check, frustrating every at- 
tempt tu Hank our position, and sn saved the division, 
which but for this stubborn resistance would have 
been Bwept in disaster from the Geld." The rebel 
works were finally carried and victory was ours, but 
purchased at great cost of life in all the regiments 
engaged. The casualties of the Seventh were twenty- 
Beven killed, eighty-six wounded, and ten missing, 

among the wounded being the o nanding officer of 

tin- regiment, Lieut.-I !ol. Carman. In the official re- 
port of Maj. Francis Price, Jr. (who assumed com- 
mand of the Seventh after Lieut. -Col. Carman was 
shot I, he says, "All behaved gallantly, . . . but I 

cannot but notice tin Ini— and bravery of Capt. 

H. C. Bartlett [Company C), Capt. L. D. Simmes 
(Company 1 1, Capt. James M. Brown (Company K), 
Lieuts. Witherell (Company F), Thompson Company 
A i. Han (Company E), and Harrison (Company C , 
Sergt. (Vane i('oni|iany t.'i, Sergt. Mai lory Company 
C), Acting Color-Sergt. Onslow (Company F), and 
Private John Taylor, who all displayed unflinching 
courage, coupled n it b remarkable coolness, under the 

he, ivy lire to which they were exposed.'' At Fair 
Oaks and White Oak Swamp the Seventh behaved as 

admirably as at Williamsburg. At Chancelloreville 
it captured Sve Btand of colors and over three hun- 
dred prisoners. Louis R. Francine had now- become 
colonel, and Francis Price, Jr., lieutenant-colonel, of 
the regiment. 
Gettysburg occurred soon after, and in its tempest 

Of battle-hail the Seventh lost one hundred and four- 
teen officers and men, ( !ols. Francine and Prict 

: Qg those who received serious wounds. 

At Spottsylvania < lourt-house the Seventh, with its 
brigade (now known as the Third Brigade of the 
Third Division), charged upon Swell's corps with 
"a thundering cheer," surprising and overwhelming 

the rebels in their t renehe-, capturing ihirlv guns 

aud three thousand prisoners. Capt Crane, of the 
Seventh, with a Bquad of Hi. ii, succeeded uol onlj in 

capturing a gun, but in manning it and turning it- 
lire on the enemy, who showed a disposition to 

advance. Capt. Evan- lost lii- life while thus en- 
gaged. 

Feb. 5, 1865, the Seventh again did valiant service 

in the line of battle at the Tuekcr lloii-e. near 

Batcher's Run. All the regiments of McAllister's 

brigade (in which was the Seventh] nobly -t 1 their 

ground, but two regiments of Gen. Smyth's divi- 
sion, stationed heir left, gave way, leaving a gap 

through which the enemy might pass, enabling them 
to assail our tTOOpS upon the flank and from the rear, 

and thus endanger the Federal position, McAllister, 
Beeing the danger, directed the Seventh New Jersey, 



near the left of his line, to form at a different angle, 
and in a position from which it could oblique it- tin-. 
The enemy, thus a—ailed by a terrible cross -lire, n-- 
eoileil, but, after a short lull, ma-sing his columns 

heavily, again da-bed forward, only to be repulsed. 
Soon .i- the night closed in the rebel general Mahone, 
with Ids famous " lighting division," made a rush lor 
the gap in our line-, but again the assailing columns 
were rolled back, and victory crowned the Union 
arms. In this engagement the New Jersey brigade 
kept at bay thi iont. In the official 

report- of the commanding general the Seventh was 
conspicuously menti d tor its part in this affair, 

as it was in many subsequent ones, until the close of 

the campaign, April 9th, when it wa- officially an- 
nounced that Lee had surrendered. 

In the spring of L862, Company P. was disbanded 
and it- men transferred to the different companii - of 

the regiment. About the same time an independent 

company, commanded by (apt. E. G. Bloat, was as- 

-i- I to lie Seventh, and became Companj P. 

Those of the original member.- of the regiment who 
did not re-enlist were mustered out Oct. 7. 1864. 

I In final discharge of the Seventh occurred June 4, 
1865, at Washington, D. C. 

The record of the Seventh is a brilliant one, and 
its history must occupy a prominent place in the 
annals ,,f Honker- division and of the Second and 

Third Corps, covering a- it doe- marly all the move- 
ments and battles of the Army of the Potomac. 

VI.— TlIK NINTH REGIMENT. 
I n thi- command Warren and Sussex Counties were 

both honorably represented, the former by Company II, 
commanded, at the time of its muster into service, by 
t'apt. Joseph J. Henry, of Oxford, who was not only 
the first volunteer from that township in the great 
civil war, but the lirst officer from the State of New 

Jersey t" fall in battle; the latter county by nearly 
one-half of ( 'oiiipany E. 

This regiment wa- raised in the fall of 1861 as a 

tWelve-C pany rifle Corps : it remained at Camp 

Olden, Trenton, until the 4th of December, when it 
proceeded to Washington, and at once began an active 

participation in the movements and battle- of the 

Virginia campaign. During the Burnside expedi- 
1. Allen ami Dr. Weih-i. the Burgeon, were 
drowned at Hatteras Inlet, Jan. 16, L862, but Lieut- 
Col. Heekman. of Phillipsburg, Adjt. Zabriskie, and 
let-, being expert Bwimmers, 1 scaped. Lieut- 
Col. Heekman then assumed command of the regi- 
ment 
The first engagement was that of Roanoke [aland, 

where at the out-et ('apt. J.. I. Henry, ol Company 

II, and Isaac V. 1>. I'.lackwell. of Company F, were 

killed, and Corp. John I.orance and Private John 

Bural, of Company K. wi re severely wounded. Pri- 
vate Austin Armstrong, of Company II ol rlopi . 

was the lir-t volunteer of the company and it is 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY, 



thought the first in the regiment) ; he was the second 
man shot in this engagement, a hall striking him in 
the forehead and killing him instantly. Few cases 
of greater individual bravery are recorded than that 
of Corp. Lorance, of Carpenter's Landing, N. J. (See 
Foster's "New Jersey and the Rebellion," p. 210.) 
For its bravery in this action the Ninth Regiment 
was ordered by Gen. Burnside to have the words 
" Roanoke Island, Feb. 8, 1862," emblazoned on its 
banner.* 

The regiment performed nobly in the battles of 
Newbern, Young's Cross-Roads, at Tarborough, Kins- 
ton, before Petersburg, and in all the achievements 
of the army in Virginia and North Carolina, in which 
it participated, fully sustained the honor of their 
State. 

Col. Charles A. Heckman, of Warren County, was 
born in Easton, Pa., in 1822, served in the Mexican 
war, and in 1861 served for three months in the First 
Pennsylvania Regiment, then returned to Phillips- 
burg. Soon after, he was made major of the Ninth 
Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, and was promoted 
to colonel of the same, later to the rank of brigadier- 
general, and subsequently received a major-general's 
brevet. Gen. Heckman " became conspicuous as a 
soldier of the highest accomplishments. Insensible 
to fear, he was always at the head of his columns. 
His voice is singularly loud and sonorous, and in the 
noise of battle his commands pierced the tumult like 
the blast of a trumpet." 

James Stewart, Jr., a native of Warren County 
(born in 1840), who finally became the colonel of the 
Ninth, was brevetted a brigadier-general before the 
close of the war. He went into service as first lieu- 
tenant of the Oxford company (H), and came home, 
at the close of the war, at the head of his regiment, 
with merited honors and a hearty welcome. 

Dec. 24, 1862, a beautiful stand of colors costing 
seven hundred dollars, the gift of the New Jersey 
Legislature, was presented to the Ninth, the following 
resolutions, among others, passed by the Legislature, 
accompanying the gift: 

" limoliied, That ttie Ninth Regiment of New Jersey Voliiuteei'e, by 
their pulieiit endurance under privation und latigue, and by their cour- 
age at the ever-to-be-iememhered battles of Roanoke and Newbern (a 
courage evinced by the havoc made in their own unwavering columns 
better than by the reports of partial journals)', have sustained the high 
reputation which, since the days of the Revolution, has belonged to the 
soldiers of New Jersey, and as evidence of our appreciation of that acme 
of every manly virtue, 'patriot c devotion to country, 1 the Governor of 
the Stale is requested to have prepared and forwarded to said regiment 
a standard on which shall be inscribed these words: ' Presented by New 
Jersey to her Kinth Regiment, in remembrance of Roanoke and New- 
bern. 1 

'• ItesoIveS, That Col. Chas. A. Heckman, who so gallantly led bis well- 
ordered men to the conflict, is rerpiested, at the proper timej to report to 
the clerk of the lb, use of Assembly the names of those who fell, killed 
or mortally wounded, oil either of the said battle-fields; and that the 
clerk of the House is, by virtue of this resolution, ordered to enter their 
iminos, with the place where they fell, on the minutes of the Assembly 

* Greeley. In bis " American Conflict," erroneously givoH to Hawkins 1 
Zouaves the credit of the operations here performed by the Ninth. 



of New Jersey, as men who have fallen in defense of the best government 
of the world, 11 etc. 

These colors, well worn and battle-scarred, were 
returned to the State authorities in October, 1864, ac- 
companied by Color-Sergt. George Meyers (and one 
hundred and eight men of the Ninth whose term of 
service had expired), and a letter of transmittal to 
Governor Parker from James Stewart, Jr., colonel 
commanding, dated Carolina City, N. C, October 
15th, in which he said, — 

" Sin, — I herewith have the honor to forward to you for safe keeping 
in the archives of New Jersey the national and State colors of the Ninth 
Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. Three years ago they were 
intrusted to our hands. How well we have performed our trust our pnst 
record must show. In every engagement they have been with us, and, 
battle-worn and bullet-riddled as they are, we can proudly look upon 
them with the consciousness that not upon a single thread is there the 
least speck of dishonor or shame. . . . Understanding it to be your in- 
tention to furnish the regiment with new national and State emblems, 
we can only say we shall be gratified to receive them, and it shall ever 
be our utmost endeavor to preserve them as unsullied as are those we now 
place in your hands. I have the honor to remain, etc. 11 

A few days later a new stand of colors was presented 
by the State. 

The regiment was mustered out of service July 12, 
1865. It had participated in forty-two battles and 
engagements. Eight officers offered their lives a sac- 
rifice on the nation's altar, while twenty-three received 
wounds in battle. Sixty-one enlisted men were killed, 
and four hundred wounded. Forty-three men died 
from wounds, and one hundred from disease. The 
total loss of the Ninth from all causes was one thou- 
sand six hundred and forty-six. No fact could more 
strikingly exhibit the destructive nature of the cam- 
paigns in which the regiment participated than this, 
clearly authenticated by official reports.! 

VII.— THE ELEVENTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment, which contained many field- and 
line-officers as well as enlisted men from the counties 
of Sussex and Warren, was from the time it left the 
State for the front, in the summer of 1862, until the 
close of its service particularly noticeable for its 
bravery and patriotic gallantry. It was first engaged 
at Fredericksburg, and received the proud congratu- 
lations of its brave commander ; again, at Chancel- 
lors ville, it shared in the honor of having saved the 
army in one of the most desperate struggles of the 
war. The heroic deeds of that day, performed by 
officers and privates alike, will never be fully told.J 
"They had repelled five fierce charges, mainly with 
the bayonet, had captured eight flags (all taken by 
the New Jersey troops), and taken many prisoners 
without losing any." Col. McAllister, Lieut.-Col. 



t Soe Bketch of the regiment in John Y. Foster's "New Jersey in the 
Rebellion." 

% " Sergeant Lauterman, of Company II, I considered one of the bravest 
mon in the regiment. At Chunccllursvillo, after tho two lines had been 
holly engaged for some time, ho went directly to the front and ascer- 
tained the enemy's position. His bravery was tho coolest I over wit- 
nessed. Ho was killed at Spottsylvuniu, May 12th. 1 '— licport of Adjt. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN ( OINTIES IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION, 



-7 



Moore, and Adjt. Schoonover were among the last to 
leave the Geld, and at one time, fighting alone, were 
almost Burrounded by the enemy, Lieut.-! '"1. Schoon- 
over, in a letter written after the close of the war, 

Bays, " I think the regimen! made one of it- best fight* 

hi Chancellorsville, taking into consideration the 
mass of fugitives it met from the Eleventh Corps 
while going into position; its coolness d< 
Bpecial mention." tun. Hooker staid, "It fought 
splendidly; officers and men alike deserve credit." 
< len. i larr added his commendation of their brave con- 
duct, From Col. McAllister's official report we learn 
that the regiment lost in this battle twenty killed and 
our hundred and fifteen wounded, Lieut-. Bloom- 
field and Kelly wen- among the killed. 
At Gettysburg, as the Eleventh was about to fire 

its first volley, Col. McAllister till, severely wounded 

in two plaees. Yet the regiment continued its fight 
with great steadiness, notwithstanding Capts. Kear- 
ney, Martin, Logan, and Aekerman wen- killed and 
nearly all the remaining officers were wounded, while 
tin ranks had been terribly thinned by the lire of the 
enemy, it- losses being twenty-four killed and one 
hundred and thirty wouuded, — one hundred and fifty- 
four in all. In Adjt. Schoonover's report of the bat- 
tle he pays a high tribute to the bravery of the 
regiment, and especially mentions the gallantry of 
Capt. Lloyd, I. nut-. Buckley, Baldwin, and I 
and ( !orp. Thomas Johnson, of Company I, who took 

the colon and advanced with them to the front alter 

two color-bearers, had been shot down, [n the ba tli 
of the Wilderness, at Spottaylvania, and in all future 

n U > uieiit- it ably -u-t lined it- fighting reputation. 
June 15, 187B, it reached Trenton, N. J., and was di-- 

banded. 

Maj.-Gcn. Robert McAllister,a Wan-en County man, 
was distinguished for his patriotic services. Leaving 

his home at Oxford Furnace, raising a companj at 
the on i break of the war. he was appointed and served 

as lieutenant-colonel of the First, and later as col I 

of the Eleventh Regiment. A- ranking colonel he 

commanded brigade- in the Third and s nd I lorps, 

and was brevetted successively brigadier-general and 

major-general. " Not a soldier Of the Bchools, he ) et 

had what i- better than all the knowledge of the 1 '■-. 

—perfect and entire tea rle.-ue--, joined with the 

-iindie-t tenacity of purpose; and these making him 
a leader, and so an inspiration to his followers, gave 

him success in the ino-t de-per.ite and exhausting 

straits, and secured him a place by comn voice 

Hi g the 'lighting generals' of the war, whose 

heart-, a- well a- their hand-, were in the « 

which they had been called. lie was bard 
distinguished for the bramelcssness of bis life in camp 
and his conscientious devotion to his duties as a < n 

thin." Cap'- <'line. of the Eleventh, -ay-, "He was 

a -eli denying, laborious officer. And he knew no 
danger. There was no affectation in his fervid pa- 
triotism, no absorbing ambition for military renown iu 



in- to meet the foe, but a quiet determination 

and an inflexible GrmneSS which were not alwa - 
Mi- was throughout a Christian officer." 

COF.. JOHN SCHOONOVER. 
Simeon Schoonover, father of Col. John, bom in 

1*117, reside- at Bushkill, l'a.. and has carried on plow- 

and wagon-manufacturing for many years. Hi- mother 
was Sarah Heller, who was born in 1817. 




The children of Simeon and Sarah Schoonover are 
Amos, who was a captain in the Eleventh New 
Jersey Regiment in the late Rebellion; Elizabeth; 

Henry I',., of ScrantOD, Iowa, who served as a private 

in the < tin- Hundred ami Forty-sixth Pennsylvania; 
Anna; Ellen; William R., a physician of 0* 
Ind.; Martha; Edward, of Bushkill, Pa.; and John 
John, subject of this sketch. 
John Schoonover was born at Bushkill, l'a., Aug. 
1 He obtained his education at the common 

school of his native place, and under the instruction 

of R v. J. K. Davis, ol Smithfield, Pa. At the age 

n he became a teacher, and for several years 

thereafter was engaged in teaching and preparing for 

Fired with patriotism for the welfare of his 

country, upon the breaking out of the Rebellion he 

was among the lir-t to .-how hi- courage and devotion 

Union cause under the tir-t call for three 
months' men. We quote a -ketch ol hi- careei in the 
army from Foster, fouad in hi- "II- 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Jersey and the Rebellion :" " John Schoonover joined 
the First New Jersey Regiment at its organization as 
a private, and served with the knapsack and musket 
for about a year, being subsequently made commis- 
sary-sergeant, in which position he remained until 
the Eleventh Regiment was raised, when he was made 
its adjutant, serving with marked credit in all the 
campaigns of the regiment prior to the battle of 
Gettysburg. He was especially recommended by 
Gen. Carr for gallant conduct in that battle, at which, 
Colonel McAllister being wounded, he assumed com- 
mand of the regiment, which he retained until the 
17th of September following. 

" He was made lieutenant-colonel of the regiment 
in August, 18(33, and served, most of the time in com- 
mand, in all the subsequent campaigns of the Army of 
the Potomac. He was brevetted colonel for gallantry 
in action before Petersburg; and also for meritorious 
conduct in the campaign ending in the surrender of 
Lee's army. He was three times wounded, — at Gettys- 
burg, Spottsylvania, and Cold Harbor. 

"Col. Schoonover was, under all circumstances, a 
courageous and efficient soldier and commander, and 
was highly esteemed by. all who knew him, not only 
for his soldierly qualities, but for his exalted charac- 
ter and genuine worth as a man." 

Chaplain Cline says of Col. Schoonover, " He 
ever showed himself to be a man of rare excellence, 
of great firmness and energy, of a dauntless courage 
which never calculated danger when a duty was to be 
performed, a high sense of right, and unfiinching 
adherence to its obligations, with intellectual endow- 
ments of a superior order, and social qualities which 
won the affection and admiration of all his associates. 
Kind-hearted to his command, never exacting from 
them any unnecessary work, and always ready to do 
everything in his power for their comfort and happi- 
ness, he was universally beloved and honored, and 
there was scarcely one who would not have given his 
life, if needs be, to save his. Brave himself and ever 
in the front of the battle, he took them there; and in 
camp his regiment was in the highest state of disci- 
pline and order." 



CHAPTER XIV. 

SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OP THE 
REBELLION (Continued). 

L— FIFTEENTH INFANTRY (THREE YEARS). 
This regiment was recruited in the northern part 
of the Slate, ami had in its composition three com- 
panies from Sussex and two from Warren County, 
the remaining half of the organization being from 
tin' adjoining counties of Hunterdon, Morris, and 
Somerset. The regiment was rendezvoused at Flem- 
Ington, N. J., during the summer of 1862, and mus- 
tered into the service on the 25th of August, under 



command of Col. Samuel Fowler. The other regi- 
mental officers were: Lieutenant-Colonel, Edward L. 
Campbell ;* Major, James M. Brown ; Adjutant, Wil- 
liam P. Seymour; Quartermaster, Lowe Emerson; 
Surgeon, Redford Sharp; Assistant Surgeons, George 
R. Sullivan and George Trumpore. The names of 
the commissioned officers and enlisted men composing 
the companies from Warren and Sussex may be seen 
on a succeeding page. 

August 27th the regiment, nine hundred and 
twenty-five strong, left its camp at Flemington for 
the front. On its arrival at the capital it was marched 
to Tenallytown, and there at once placed on fatigue 
duty in the building of roads and erection of defenses ;• 
among which latter was the construction of the for- 
midable work named " Fort Kearney," in honor of 
that brave and dashing New Jersey general, who gave 
his life on the field of Chantilly at almost the precise 
time when the men of the Fifteenth commenced their 
work on the fortificatipn. 

The regiment moved from Tenallytown on the 30th 
of September to join the victorious Army of the 
Potomac on the battle-field of Antietam, and, by 
special request of the corps, division, and brigade 
commanders, was assigned to the First Brigade, First 
Division, Sixth Corps, — the already veteran " First 
New Jersey Brigade." From this time forward to the 
close of the war its history is that of the famous Sixth 
Corps. 

Its official fighting record, as made up by the ad- 
jutant-general of the State, is as follows : Fredericks- 
burg, Va., Dec. 13 and 14, 1862; Chancellorsville, 
Va., May 3, 1863 ; Salem Heights, Va., May 3 and 4, 
1863; Franklin's Crossing, Va., June 6 to 14, 1863; 
Gettysburg, Pa., July 2 and 3, 1863 ; Fairfield, Pa., 
July 5, 1863 ; Funktown, Md., July 10, 1863 ; Rap- 
pahannock Station, Va., Oct. 12, 1863 ; Rappahan- 
nock Station, Va., Nov. 7, 1863; Mine Run, Va., 
Nov. 30, 1863; Wilderness, Va., May 5 to 7, 1864; 
Spottsylvania, Va., May 8 to 11, 1864; Spottsylvania 
Court-house, Va., May 12 to 16, 1864; North and 
South Anna River, Va., May 24, 1864; Hanover 
Court-house, Va., May 29, 1864 ; Tolopotomy Creek, 
Va., May 30 and 31, 1864; Cold Harbor, Va., June 1 
to 11, 1864; before Petersburg, Va., June 16 to 22. 
1864; Weldon Railroad, Va., June 23, 1864 ; Snickers' 



* Liellt.-Col. Campbell, who was already 111 the field with the Army of 
the Potomac, did not join the Fifteenth until the 1st of October, when 
the regiment wa. on its inarch to the Sixtll Corps in Maryland. Liout.- 
Col. Campbell was made colonel by brevet Oct. It), 1804, brevet brigadier- 
general April '.), 1805, and promoted to the colonelcy of the Fonrtli Regi- 
ment May ?0, 1806. In Maryland, upon tho illness of (Job Fowler, ho 
took command, of the Third Regiment, which position ho held during 
most of tho time it was in the service, leading it in nearly every great 

battle In which it participated. One who served with tho regi nt 

says, "If the Fifteenth over performed any efficient ecrvico for the 
country, or by its conduct reflected any honor upon Now Jersey, it was 
due more to Edward L. Campbell than to any other man. Ilia bravery, 
Integrity, capacity, and diligence stamped tho regiment with a character 
whoso valno was known in many critical junctures and hard-fought 
battles." 



SUSSEX ANh WARREN IX THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 






Gap, Va., July 18, 1864; Strasburg, Va., Aug. 15, 
1864; Winchester, Va., Aug. 17. L864; Charlestown, 
Va., Aug. 21, 1864; Opequan, Va., Sept. 19, 1864; 
Fisher's Bill, Va., Sept. 21 and 22, 1864; New Mar- 
ket, Va., 8ept. 24, 1864 ; Mount Jackson, Va., Sept. 
26, 1864; Cedar Creek and Middletown, Va., Oct. 19, 
1864; Batcher's Bun, Va., Feb. 5, 1865; Fori Steed- 
man, Va., March 25, 1865; capture of Petersburg, 
Va., April 2, L865; Sailor's Creek, Va., April 6, 1865; 
Farmville, Va., April 7. 1865; Appomattox 
surrender), April 9, 1865. 

I hi rej ime il n ceived its baptism of lire :it the 
great battle of Fredericksburg, l> c. 18, 1862. Dur- 
ing the greater pari of thai bloody day the Fifteenth 
was posted along the line of the railroad, keeping up 
a steady fire and making occasional charges but with 
Light loss. Ai about four o'clock the Jersey brigade 
made a more determined attempt on the position in 
its immediate front, but was forced back with a 
greater loss than it bad befi re sustained, many being 
taken prisoners, among whom were n number of nun 
of the Fifteenth. This charge was the last of the 
regiment's fighting for the day. Its total loss at 
Fredericksburg was about thirty, of whom very few 
were killed outright. Michael Mulvey (Company G) 
was the first man of the regiment killed. The next 
morning the regiment was relieved at the front by 
the One Bundred and Twenty-first New York Regi- 
ment. The Fifteenth went into camp at Whii 
Church, and there passed the dreary winter. The 
nexl spring, with the army under command of Gen, 
Hooker, the Fifteenth crossed the Rappnhan 
ami participated in the battle of Chan 
Of the part taken by the Fifteenth in the battle of 
Salem Heights, May 3d and 1th, Lieut.-Col. Camp- 
bell, commanding the regiment, in his report (dated 
May 1 1 tin, says, 

" My command broke camp at White < lak < 'hurch, 
Va., en the afternoon of Tuesday, April 28th, and 
inarched to the bank of the Rappahannock, near 
Franklin's ( Irossing, where it bivouacked until towards 
:, when it was moved t" the river and crossed 
daj lighl "ii the morning "t' the 
29th, taking up a position on the Boutb haul,. R 

then- until the morning May, 

when I was ordered to the I'ronl at about daybreak, 
and was assigned a position in support of a battery on 

tlie extreme left which was hotlj engaging the enemy. 
Remained upon this duty, taking up various po 
ami pari of the time exposed to a severe scattering 
think tire from the ■ nemy's line of skirmishers, until 
i from his position on the heights 
above Fredericksburg ami the line on the left was 
Ordered t" retire towards that place, when I ■ 
in the rear a- a supporl i" our retiring skirmishers. 
Everything was brought from the field without diffi- 
culty Vrriving some distance out of the city, 

en the plank-road, I lear 1 that the enemy was 

making a stoul resistance in front, and that tl 



Brigade was aboi .1 im. M in hin 

idly as practicable, 1 arrived at the front at abo 

o'clock P.M., and. without halt in . 

ordered by the gen ral commanding th 

gage the enemy on the right of the road, in a thick 

« 1 in which they had taken a position and 

ually resisted any attempt t" dislodge him. My com- 
mand advanced about "He hundred yard- tin 

- impassable, undergrowth, to 
within about thirty yards dl' the enemy's p 
where it engaged at least four of his regiments, with, 
i am convinced, a terrible effect, but without driv- 
ing him sition. dust at dark. 
my ammunitii itirely exhausted at 

- lire destructive, I retired in good order, tie' 
enemy showing it" disposition t" follow. I lit 
satisfaction of saying f"r my command that 

man left the line of battle except the wounded, and 

e rolls wire called, immediately upon arriv- 
ing in the "pen field, every mall was present "r prop- 
erly accounted for except those who were killed, 
wounded, or missing in action, the latter bein 
live, and all probably killed or wounded. My 
wounded wen' all b luring or after the 

action, except possibly tie- five mentioned aboi 
ton nd "it account of the d tnsc undergrowth of b 
"i in Sunday night (May 3d my command bfv- 
i upon tic battle-lield. During the engage- 

hi of Monday 1 wa I to various pos 

a part of the i i support of batteries. When a' 

the artillery was ordered towards the river, I 
wa- ordered t" follow is. Recrossed tin 1 river ju-t 
before daylight in the m irning, and went into camp 
on the north hank. I ' arched 

to my present place of I would n- 

specl fully call attention to the condm to 

I I: Wa- -ecu ID ,,)' the fight, 

and repeatedly he went t" the front alone, trying to 

dy his own men, hut those •>! "th. 

incut-, t" follow. I am much indebted t" "iir chaplain 
Haines) for hi- services in transmitting order;- and 
attending to the wounded. All my officers behaved 
well, especially when taking into consideration that 
it was their first engagement." 

i tew weeks of quiet the Fifteenth, wi 
army of Gen. Booker, pressed northward by forced 
marches, arriving in the afternoon of July 2d 

. where the great battle was already in pro- 
OUl a half-hour before sunset tin- hi 

wa- moved to the front, to hold a position from which 

: ad I. .-.'11 COmpi !l d •." retire. 

further assault was made t: Through all 

the following 'lay. inclu ; 

P ' .■-. the 

Fifteenth, with its brigadi intly in line, 

ready f r work, but was not or! ei die 

ith, the 
th t""k part in the pursuit and in mil 
I 



90 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



crossed the river into Virginia with the main body of 
the army. During the remainder of the year it par- 
ticipated in the various movements of the Sixth Corps, 
and in December, 1863, went into winter quarters uear 
Brandy Station, Va. 

In the spring of 1S64 opened the bloody campaign 
of the " Wilderness." Lieut.-Gen. Grant was now 
in command of the armies. In this campaign the 
Fifteenth saw its most desperate fighting, and sus- 
tained the severest losses experienced during its term 
of service. May 5th it became slightly engaged, 
suffering some losses, as also on the 6th and 7th. On 
the Sth the Jersey brigade was sent to the assistance 
of Gen. Warren, whose corps had met with a check. 
" After some manoeuvring the Fifteenth, with the 
Third (as a skirmish-line), was selected to make an. 
assault on the enemy and develop his position and 
strength. No charge was ever more gallantly deliv- 
ered. With two armies looking on, it advanced 
across an open field ; when within about three hun- 
dred yards of the front of the wood in which the 
enemy was posted it fixed bayonets, and with a line 
of glittering steel as steady as on dress-parade dashed 
up to the rebel position, to find them strongly en- 
trenched and in full force. As far as rifle-shot could 
reach, upon each flank they opened upon the de- 
voted little band. Notwithstanding the deadly fire, 
it drove the enemy out of the work in its front, cap- 
tured two prisoners, and, to save annihilation, was 
ordered by its commander to retire. One hundred 
and one of its brave officers and men were left upon 
the field, killed or wounded. It may be doubted if 
a more perilous forlorn hope was ever more daringly 
executed." 

The following day the regiment (with the First) 
was detached to turn the right flank of the enemy 
and gain possession of a cross-roads. The next morn- 
ing they drove the rebel skirmish-line before them 
for about a mile, and struck the right of the enemy's 
line, strongly entrenched oh the top of a hill, which 
position was afterwards known as the "bloody angle." 
The two regiments attacked vigorously, but were 
forced back. Later, reinforced by two more regiments, 
they again attacked, but could not dislodge the enemy, 
although they held their own position. On the 12th 
occurred one of the most stubbornly-contested strug- 
gles of the war. It was for the possession of the 
" bloody angle." In the attack the Fifteenth was 
on the extreme right of the front line. It charged 
witli fixed bayonets and carried the work, capturing 
a stand of colors and all the rebels who did not fall 
or run. "It was the only regiment of the Sixth 
Corps which got inside the enemy's fortifications that 
day." But this desperate charge was at fearful cost: 
one hundred and fifty men of the regiment were 
swept away in a half hour; more than half the rank 
and file and seven of the most valued officers fell, 
killed or wounded, inside or near the hostile works. 
Out of four hundred and twenty-nine men and four- 



teen line-officers who crossed the Rapidan on the 4th, 
only one hundred and twenty-two men and four offi- 
cers remained."* 

The losses in the Warren and Sussex companies 
of the Fifteenth during the eleven days succeeding 
the crossing of the Rapidan, to the close of its fight- 
ing in the neighborhood of Spottsylvania Court-house, 
May 4 to 15, 1864, are given as follows : 

COMPANY A. 
Capt. C. A. Shinier, Lieut. George C. Justice, Sergt. Paul Kuhl, killed; 
Sergt. William B. Dutigan, wounded; Sergt. Lucieu A. Voorhees, 
killed; Corp. John F. Sorvis, wounded ; Corp. Jonathan P. Collins, 
killed ; Corp. Joseph Rankle, wounded. 

Private*. 
David Allganl, missing; David Anthony, Jacob Apgar, killed; William 
11. Bryan, Jacob Bryan, John Butler, John Burns, woundeil ; Jacob 
Beam, wounded and missing; John Brogau, killed; George S. 
Beaver, wounded; Andrew Closson, Isaac Dayton, Joseph Dawes, 
John Evans, missing; Joseph Eve.itt, killed; William Gulick, 
wounded; George P. Henderson, killed; Lewis Higgius, missing; 
William L. Higgins, wounded ; Silas Hockenberr.y, killed; Lemuel 
lloekenberry, wounded; Moses House], missing; John W. Henry, 
wounded and missing; Herman Hembold, killed; Garret Hogan, 
missing; Henry P. Johnson, John Moser, Van Meter P. Hammer, 
George Kessler, wounded; Cornelius I. Nevius, William N. Peer, 
killed; James U. Palmer, John Rorrch, Robert Sorter, Joseph Sulli- 
van, wounded; Henry C. Smith, Charles Scherer, killed; Charles K. 
Smiley, Theodore Stainmets, wounded; John Staats, missing; Abrnm 
Trauger, Peter I. Tenbroeck, wounded. 

COMPANY B. 

Capt. J.S. McDanolds, wounded ; Sergt. E. B. Nicholas, wounded in thigh; 
Sergt. Samuel B. Dimly, wounded in leg; Sergt. C. W. Beegle, 
Corp. D. Sharp, wounded; Corp. John L. Young, killed. 

John II. Allen, wounded in hand; James 1). Baylor, killed; W. K. Bar- 
ker', wounded; T. II. Barker, missing; F. M. Beegle, wounded ; 
George Bilby, wounded dangerously ; 11. 11. Can', TIiob. Dougherty, 
wounded; James Egbert, missing; Frank S. Fernald, killed; H.J. 
V. Heed, A. G. King, wounded; Charles Hand, wounded in knee; 
William Lipprrrcott, wounded in leg; Thomas Mitchell, woundeiMu 
hand; John Mott, Wounded; Jural P. Mintoli, missing; John 0. 
Martin, killed; William Scbenck, wounded in head; Clinton Swick, 
woundeil in knee; A. R. Skinner, wounded; William Siduer, killed; 
John Shoror, Patrick Tim. irons, wonride.l; Chailes K. Vorrght, Geo. 
Vnesler, killed; 0. W. Vossler, wounded arrd missing; S. S. Varr 
Ness, wounded; George Welter, killed; John A. Wilson, wounded. 

COMPANY C: 
Capt. Lewis Van Blarconr, wounded arrd missing; Lieut. William \V. 
Van Voy, Sergt. John Van Houten, killed; Sergt. Israel D. Lrnii, 
wounded; Corp. William Trelease, wuunded and missing; Corp 
Manuel Johnson, wounded; Corp. John A. Cliff, missing; Color- 
Sergt. Samuel Rubndun, killed. 

Privates. 
Alfred M. Armstrong, wounded; William Bailey, William D. Briggs, 
missing ; Samuel D. Doty, Lewis L. Davis, wounded ; Edgar A. Far- 
rand, John Guy, killed ; Charles II. Guerirr, Dennis Heilron, George 
Hull, wounded; Jeremiah Haycock, Andrew J. Jennings, killed; 
Mobcs Laramie, missing; John Miller", Edwin 0. Kegor, John Rutan, 
killed ; Lewis Tinner, Silas Trowbridge, wounded. 

COMPANY D 
Cupt. James Walker, killed; Sergt. William Doland, wounded in arm; 

Corp. Siml'oid Si ions, wounded seriously; Corp. Peter Gundermau, 

wounded; Corp. Wilbur F. Ilurrla, Corp. George Dennis, killed; 
Corp. Juntos H. Tonvillcger, missing. 



* From a" Historical Sketch of the Fifteenth Regiurent Now Jersey 
Voluntee.s," by a mflUlboi of the regiment. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IX THE WAI! OP THE REBELLION 



yi 



Prloatm. 
Wesley M, Ayros, missing; John Bowman, wounded slightly; Albert L, 

Cornier, w nl.-il; I.i- .nnnl II.-. Lit. loll.-, I; Willi;, in (.'. Dickcrsoll, 

missing; Alpheu Decker, John Bniery, w „i,-.|; Martin Fred- 
ericks, killed; I nso I'. Fulfbrcl, mlMlng; U geT. Kullln, Patrick 

Hughes, killed ; John Hopkins, Stephen Buiikine Abm. Ilendershoi, 

David II.-i,i1.-ii.Ii. .1, Juhn II urd, wounded j Alfred II. .!..• I.- 

Aiiialiiiin Jolinsou, missing ; Barnard Jolinsun, wounded andnibv- 

lug; Wilson T. Labur, >» Uevker, wounded; Johu Uoran, 

kl I; James Hangau, mlsslug; Patrick Mullen, killed; Jobn M. 

Minion, missing; .1 ph K. Itngem, William Stuart, Gi 

Strlpps, Jacob youth, w ided; Ik.uh.- Sharp, William -V Wooeter, 

, Willtuui A. Ward, killed. 

COMPANY V. 

Cupt. Ellis M.iiiiili Lieut, James W. Penrose, Bergt. Euoe 0. Iludd, 

Bergt. Pblueas K. Skelllnger, Sergt. Lewis H. Sal Corp. Aloiiu 

Ueddln, OorjN Joseph K. Crater, Corp. Charles I.. Uilligau, Corp. 
W. II. K. Emmaus, Corp. Peter .1. Sutton, wouuded. 

Joseph Ami v, ll.-iu-j II. Berry, wouuded; Charles Covert, D 

Fi.ul.l~, killed; Dulah b'rutchy, J.i - U, Ingle, Abraham Jacobus, 

David 0. I,i. hi/. Whitfield Luki-, Jn ■ Lutterel [Latourelto], An- 
drew -I. Opdyka, funk II. O'Nell, wounded; Jacob A Peckwell, 
killed; Andrew K. Salmon, Lawrence II. Wise, wouuded; Kilos Wll- 

♦liii.i killed. 

COMPANY 0. 

1.1. hi. Henry M. Fowler, wouuded ami missing; Bergt. William E. Tiiiu- 

iii-i. killed; Bergl Jucob , wounded; Sergt. William M. 

Thomp orgt, Jucob K. Thatcher, Corp. Julm Bocock, 

wouuded ; Curp. Johu Uai ren, mlsslug, 

Prfeafss, 

William Ashcroft, Nathan Culver, wouuded ; G ge Honey, Cornelius 

King, mlsslug; James 0. Myers, wdlmded; Bimeoii 0. Podrick, niis- 

J hnBe r, v, ided ; Johu M. Smith, Levi Stull, killed ; 

WDJUun II. Wyckon*, G ge I'. Wag r, I ided. 

COMPANY II. 

Sergt. John B. Lunger, killed ; Sergt. Juntos Di Ily, wouuded; Curp. 

J 1 0. I 'ml. ii. I. Corp. Albert II. Greely, killed; Corp. John Mow- 

der, Corp. William u. Bailey, wounded. 

TVfsafSs. 

Uiii. K. Archer, killed; William Black, wouuded, k; Win. .1. Bodiuo, 

William 8. Cearfus, killed; Willi Imlsley, Garner 11. Deremer, 

wounded; Isaac K. Deremer, missing; George Duflbld, 

Jacob l>. Garralson, killed; David Hoffman, wounded; William 

Howard, missing; Sdwurtl h' Kltchell, w led; Jucob I.. Lunger, 

" led, hand; Jumes Murphy, killed; Isaac Medlck, wouuded, 

ui in ..il; Abraham Rush, William Segulue, John Slack, wouuded; 
Jc sph it. Stools, killed.; Samuel Trimmer, wuuuded, hand; Blmuu 
W. Van II- -in, u, Mini,, I 

i mii'.wv l 

Sergt. Jumes K. Cole, " led and missing ; Sergt Charles C. SImiauu, 

Ooip. Jobn K, l'i,-i.-, Coin William V I, killed; Corp. William II 

Case, missing. 

/', fsotss. 

Klcholas V. Il i.-n. wouuded; Edward Durdls, kill,, I; Johu Drake, 

" ided; Auannhu Drake, wouuded, breast; Kathan Burls, wuuuded 

lu seven [daces; Muses Kelmer, mlsslug ; John Quudeiman, killed; 

Austin Gitnderman, wuuuded, leg; Hour) I. Heudershot, a ided; 

Ni I- -ii B il irdli k, s led, -i- in. \, Uuuterdou, wuuuded; 

David M ■ I. ill, -I (v. I„, I iu.,1 j Horn -. Mai II 

Pel wouuded; William N. Padget, ml g; John I'. Pudget, 

wouuded; IraM Stuart, w led, Imud; Eph i8huy,« led; 

Alfred J. Taylor, i ;.- I i, 

COMPANY K 
Sergt Martin 0. Vnu flllder, Sergt. James W, Mull.,,. Corp, Petal 
s h,i orp. ,1.. - Cassidy, wuui 

tonne Byrnm, wounded, head; M louth Boyd, wounded, arm and -1,1.-. 

Uhlleon Brown, wounded; Sewiian Uonkllu, mlsslug; Juhu Card, 
Jr., « i.i.-i. Daulul L, Cuykendull, Wll Hi Igiiu, Benjamin 



51. Hongh, missing; Murdeoil W. Holly, wonnded, arm; I 
Kent, killed ; James Lacy, n.i-i ig ; Sidney N. Houks, kill 
Mnllery, wounded, dangerously; Dowduiu Hlddangh, I 
dock, " Vim Blper, « led, blp. 

Capt. Hamilton ami many others in the above list 
reported a- " wounded 7 ' subse [uently died of their in- 
juries. 

\Ii.\ in_' southward in the Hank movement to Pet< i -- 

burg, tin' regi n( became engaged at the North and 

South Anna Rivers, at Hanover Court-house, a! Tol- 
opotomy, ami at Cold Harbor. On tin- last-named 
field it suffered a loss of twenty-live. "In the 
charge," says Foster, "tin- Fifteenth and Tenth K 
incuts reached a position on a hillock, which tiny held 

when tlic line was liroken on either side of them, ami 

which they began to intrench upon at Btindou n On 

tin:; lit le lull' k the? remained for the greater part 

of the next ten days, ami from it many never came 

alive. The firing from the enemy was almost i - 

Btant, ami whenever a man raised his head above tin' 

surface he was almost certain to be struck. . . . The 
dust, the greai heat, the confined space, ami tin- dead 
bodies buried just under tin- Burface soon rendered 
the place most offensive. Day after da) passed, line 
alter line of works was constructed, the number of 
dead and wounded increased, but still the regiment 

was not taken from this horrible place till, on the 

night of the 12th [June], it marched for James 
River*." 

In the subsequent campaign in the Shenandoah 
valley tin- Fifteenth took conspicuous part ami fully 
sustained it- reputation. It fought at Strasburg ami 
at Winchester, losing seventy men in the two . 
ments. At Opequan it lost about fifty men, killed 
ami wounded. On the ^lst of August it lost seven- 
teen mure. It behaved gallantly at Fisher's Hill 0:1 
the 22d, ami took pari in the pursuit of tin- flying 

enemy to Staunton. 

October 19th, at Cedar Creek,— the famous battle- 
field to which Sheridan rode "from Winchester, 
twenty mile- away,"— after parts of the Eighth and 
Nineteenth Corps had been surprised ami routed, 
" the Sixth t 'i.ij.s nn, veil rapidly by a Hank across tin- 
track of their advance, ami the Jersej brigade occu- 
pied the most advanced and difficult position, holding 
it firmly under Bevere fire." In this action all the 
color-guard except three were slain. Col. Campbell 
was wounded, ami Maj, Lambert Boeman (previously 
of the Fifteenth, hut then in command of the Tenth 
\.u Jersey) was killed. Corp. Mowder fell dead, 
ami the rebels Beized the Stat,- colors ir.un his stiff- 
ening hand. This, the only flag the regiment ever 
lost, was retaken that night, ami returned next day 

!■, tin- Fifteenth. This was the last Bghl of the Fif- 
teenth iii tin- Shenandoah valley. In December it 

rejoined, with its corps, the Army of the I' ac 

befon Petersburg, Ii was never again heavil] en- 

though a participant in tin' final assault of 

April •_'. 1865. LTpon the Burrendi ■ fit'- 



92 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



teenth was sent to Danville, Va., from whence, after 
five or six weeks' bivouac, it was, in the latter part of 
May, transported to Trenton, N. J., where it was dis- 
banded, and the surviving members (eighteen officers 
and three hundred and ninety-eight enlisted men) re- 
turned to their homes.* 

The number of deaths which occurred in the regi- 
ment during its term of service was: From disease, 
ninety-nine; from wounds, two hundred and forty- 
seven ; in rebel prisons, fifteen ; total, three hundred 
and sixty-one. 

On Tuesday, Oct. 19, 1880, the sixteenth anniver- 
sary of the battle of Cedar Creek, in which the Fif- 
teenth New Jersey Infantry Regiment had a proud 
participation, was celebrated at Hackettstown, War- 
ren Co., and for the first time its members met to- 
gether since they had been mustered out of service. 
It was a memorable occasion, — one of the most pleas- 
ant social reunions that has ever been witnessed in 
this part of the State. Among the several hundred 
veterans present were Gen. (late Lieut. -Col.) Edward 
L. Campbell, Maj. E. W. Davis, Chaplain A. A. 
Haines, Adjt. Edmund D. Halsey, Capt. James S. 
McDanolds, Capt. James Penrose, Capt. Lewis Van 
Blarcom (who lost a leg at Spottsylvania), Sergt. Lar- 
ison, and Corp. Jacob Stutz, of Company F, who each 
captured at Spottsylvania a Confederate flag. Chap- 
lain Haines, of Hamburg, this county, was appointed 
historian and requested to prepare a complete history 
of the regiment. A permanent organization was 
effected, with the following officers: President, Gen. 
E. L. Campbell ; Secretary, Adjt. E. D. Halsey ; 
Treasurer, Chaplain A. A. Haines. A few prefatory 
sentences from the address delivered on this occasion 
by the latter are presented : 

"Comrades, — After fifteen years we meet again! 
How impressive are the circumstances which call us 
together! We who gather to-day, the survivors of 
that noble regiment that eighteen years ago New 
Jersey sent forth to the battle-field, are but a little 
band. In war and in peace has death been making 
inroads upon our ranks, and the brave and the noble 
have been leaving us. Yet what band of men are 
bound together by more hallowed associations? Ten- 
der and strong are the ties that link us. Words fail, 
and tongues of mortals cannot speak of the emotions 
that come from our full hearts and choke our utter- 
ance and blind our eyes, as we clasp hands once 
more and listen to well-remembered voices. We have 
passed through more than the mere baptism of blood. 
In thirty-six battles have bullets and shells been 
hurled in deadly lire upon our battalions. In thirty- 
six battles have we seen our comrades pour out their 
precious blood for the laud they loved, and often from 

I ifficoi'S I enlisted niMi originally mustered 'J17 

Officers mid enlisted turn subsequently f;;iiin-il \)-i\ 

Tutnl strength of the regiment 1871 

Officers mid enlisted men miutered out May, 188B ■in; 

A loss, during its term of service, »f 1455 



our own wounds have the red drops fallen on the Vir- 
ginia soil. Few regiments ever suffered so heavy 
losses in actual killed and disabled on the field of 
battle. We never turned our backs on the foe ; and, 
when other regiments might break, though torn and 
bleeding, we never yielded a position we were sent to 
hold." 

Ii.— THE TWENTV-SEYim'II REGIMENT. 

The Twenty-seventh New Jersey Infantry Regi- 
ment was raised in Morris and Sussex Counties, the 
latter furnishing as full companies those bearing the 
letters A, D, H, and K, and one-third or more of com- 
panies E and F, being fully the one-half the regi- 
ment. It rendezvoused at " Camp Frelinghuysen," 
Newark, and was mustered in Sept. 3, 1862, for nine 
months' service. The full strength of the command 
was one thousand and eighty-eight members, em- 
braced in eleven companies. Its "officers and men, 
alike in physical strength and robust capacities of en- 
durance, were equal to any in the service." 

It left the State for the field Oct. 9, 1802, being at 
that time officered as follows: Colonel, George \V. 
Mindil; Lieutenant-Colonel, Edwin S. Babcock; 
Major, Augustus D. Blanchet; Adjutant, William H. 
Lambert; Quartermaster, James B. Titman; Surgeon, 
John B. Richmond, M.D. ; Assistant Surgeon, J. H. 
Stiger, M.D. ; Chaplain, Rev. John Faull. Its com- 
panies were at the same time commanded by Capts. 
Charles F. Feruald (A), John T. Alexander (B), 
David S. Allen (C), Thomas Anderson (D), George 
W. Crane (E), Daniel Bailey (F), James Plant (G), 
Samuel Dennis (H), Alfred H. Condict (I), Edward 
S. Baldwin (K), and Henry F. Willis (L). 

It arrived in Washington October 11th, and on the 
29th of that month crossed into Virginia, going into 
camp near Alexandria. December 10th it was as- 
signed to the Second Brigade, First Division, Ninth 
Army Corps. 

On the 12th of December it crossed the Rappahan- 
nock, and was for the first time exposed to the fire of 
the enemy. Although not brought into close conflict, 
the regiment was sufficiently exposed to test the 
bravery and trustworthiness of its officers and men. 

In February, 1863, the Twenty-seventh proceeded to 
Newport News via Aquia Creek, and there went into 
camp, establishing it in city style with eleven streets, 
each graded and guttered and bordered by sidewalks. 
Although but the temporary home of the regiment, it 
Wiis the comment of all visitors and the pride of its 
members. 

March 19, 1863, the regiment broke camp, and at 
the landing disembarked on 'the steamer "John A. 
Warner" for Baltimore; thence it moved by rail to 
Parkersburg, W. Va., and by steamer to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, where it was roview.ed by Gen. Burnside, who 
had been assigned to the command of the Department 
of the Ohio. The Twenty-seventh then proceeded to 
Lexington, and was the first Eastern regiment to 



SUSSKX AND WAkllKX IX THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



93 



move into Central Kentucky in aid of out cavalry, 
who, weak in numbers, were heroically Btru 
against the advancing forces of the enemy. The re- 
mainder of March and the fore-parl of April were 
spent in marches and in support of the Union cavalry 
in theii operations in the vicinity of Heckman's 
Bridge, Stanford, etc. At Stanford the Twenty- 
Beventh was joined by the regiments with which it 
was brigaded in Virginia. This infantry force moved, 
mi the evening of xpril 26, 1863, to Somerset, ICy., 
then joining a cavalry expedition which, under com- 
mand of i '"I. Wolford, was sent out to repi 
marauders from the southern counties of the Stat ■. 
Returning from tliis, the object accomplished, the 
regiment mel with a sad calamity in crossing the 
rland River, near Somerset, Ky., on the 6th of 
\Lr " \s the 8 ii containing almost the last detach- 
ment '>t' the Twenty-seventh — some fifty men — had 
reached tic- middle of the Btream, the men who wer i 
pulling it across suddenly and unaccountably I i 
their hold of the rope, and the boat, swinging around 
broadside to the current, drifted rapidly down the 
Btream towards the lower rope, by which the artillery 

were crossing Lb they neared it a number of the 

men leaped up Buddenly to grasp it ; the sudden rush 
to the one Bide and the abrupt check to the progress 
of the flat caused it to dip, till with water, and pre- 
cipitate the men headlong into the river \ few 

managed to reached the shor i, . . . but the 
and veteran officer Oapt. Alexander, with thirty-two 
men. was carried I i the bottom and drowned." . . . 
Of those who perished, three were from Walpack and 

Stillwater, Sussex Co. 

The term of Bervice of the Twenty-seventh expired 
June 8, 1868, but it continued in the field until the 
l.'iiii, when it took up its homeward march, and was 

n i n -ten, I out of service at Newark, N. .1., July 2, lsii:). 



CHAPTER XV. 

SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OF TECS 
REBELLION iContiuuedt. 

r.— THE HARRIS LIOI1 C I \ \ AI.HY. 

Two companies of the Harris Light (Second New 
York i ( lavalry were raised by ' len. i then Lieut. -( lol. 
Judson Kilpatrick aim >st exclusively in Sussex 
County. The larger part of Company A was re- 
cruited by Lieut. George V. Griggs, of Newton. 

This e panj was filled up to the required number 

alter reaching New York by a few enlist nts in the 

city and several recruit- from the vieinitv of Orange, 

•on i.-i ill, Juno L7th, Information wai i 

thru teii.t.'i .■ I [ta aortlcm to tha Prcaidont of the Unit 

in repelling tho propoied reiiel rnovemcut, and lha] i 

reniidiicd in tho >i. ■■>■■> ol Pittsburgh and Darriabnrg f..i tan day*, an I 

until tl»' daiigor had [iaaaod. n thou ■ >ntinnod it- homoward j lUrnry, 



N. J. Company I! was raised to the full standard 
before leaving Newton. Henry Grinton took an 
active part in raising this company, and was made its 
lir-t lieutenant. Edwin I ■ . I . Syl- 

r( ooke. of the Clove Presbyterian Church, was 
selected by Gen. Kilpatrick to be captain of I 
pany I!. 

The men were enrolled at the Cochran House, in 
Neuion. on the morning of Aug. 5, 1861, and left for 
New York on the afternoon train nndi 
Kilpatrick. A large crowd of people ass, -ml, Id at 
Hi • depot to bid them farewell, but few, it' any. re- 
alized the important part they were to play in the 
great war, and that, however brilliant their services 
might be, New York, and not New Jersey, would re- 
ceive the en-, lit. 

Upon arriving in New York the men were quar- 
tered at the Westchester House for the night, and the 
next morning were duly mustered into the United 
Stat,-- Bervice for three year- or during the war. 
Lieut. Griggs returned to Sussex to gather more re- 
cruits, Capt. Cooke to settle liis affairs tit home, and 
i were sent, August 9th, to form a camp of 
instruction at Searsdale, under Capt. A. \. Duffie, 
who had been appointed to Company A, ami who 
had previ tualy seen service in the French army. A 
young Englishman by the name of George Tall re- 
ported for duty as st 1 lieutenant, and was a - 

to Company B. Lieut. Griggs also reported at the 
camp with a sufficient number of men to fill his com- 
pany. Two companies from C tecticut, under 

of Capt. W. H. M til lory, joint '1 the camp, and 
others followed in ipiick succession. Late in 
the "Sussex squadron" (as it was always called] and 
the Connecticut squadron were taken by Kilpatrick 
i , Washington, where, east of the Capitol, he estab- 
lished a camp, which he called "Camp Su 
Here the regiment rapidly filled up, and was fully 
organized, with J. Mansfield Davies as colonel, Kil- 
patrick a- Lieutenant-colonel, and Henry E. Davies, Jr., 
as major. Companies A and I! were detailed 
,• panj the brigade of Col. E. I'. Baker, the white- 
haired senator, to Poolesville, Md., where they wit- 
nessed, but 'li'l not participate in, the battle of Ball's 
B u i. It "as these men who. leaving their horses on 
the Maryland side, went over in the miserable mud- 
scows and brought away the bodj of the noble old 
patriot, and all night long busied themselves in bring- 
i the wounded. Capt Cooke also spent the 
night in ministering to the wounded, and was highly 

praised lor his humanity. 

■ Baker bad won the hearts of the Sussex squad- 
ron by a characteristic a 't of generosity. Learning 
that no paymaster had been Bent to these men. be rode 
into their camp one day shortly before his death and, 
through Capts. Duffle and Cooke, distributed to them, 
a- a loan, several hundred dollars of his ,>\\ a i 

After the Ball's Bluff battle the two companies 
\\,ie reiurne, 1 to the regiment, which had been as- 



94 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



signed to the division of Gen. Irwin McDowell, and 
had gone into winter camp across the Potomac, on 
Arlington Heights. 

Under a new law of Congress authorizing cavalry 
regiments to have battalion organizations, Capts. 
Duffle and Mallory were promoted majors, and the 
Sussex squadron, with Companies I and K, was as- 
signed to Maj. Duffle, and was named the Third Bat- 
talion. To fill the vacant captaincy of Company A, 
a sergeant named Luke McGwin, from Gen. Stone- 
man's old company in the regular army, was ap- 
pointed. A long and dangerous attack of typhoid 
fever nearly ended and sadly delayed Lieut. Griggs' 
promotion. 

Capt. McGwin was a hard man. Notwithstanding 
his own long service in the ranks, he apparently had 
no feeling for his men. In his efforts to bring their 
discipline to absolute perfection he incurred the 
hatred of the entire company. Unlike his old com- 
rade, Sergt. Benjamin C. Berry, who came at the 
same time to be captain of Company K, he had 
neither the respect of his men nor the friendly regard 
of his brother-officers. Throughout the winter the 
drill and discipline of the entire regiment were very 
severe, but the men, and especially the Sussex squad- 
ron, wanted to learn to be good soldiers, and did not 
object to rigid discipline so long as it did not descend 
to cruelty. Kilpatrick desired the men to be thor- 
oughly drilled and disciplined, but he had very decided 
notions about a high dashing spirit being necessary 
to a good cavalryman. He was mortally offended by 
McGwin's treatment of his company, and the latter 
left the regiment. Lieut. Southard was then pro- 
moted captain of Company A. 

So proficient in drill had the regiment become that 
at McClellan's grand review at Bailey's Cross-Roads 
it was selected to make a sham charge before Abra- 
ham Lincoln and the numerous distinguished specta- 
tors who had come out of the national capital to see 
the splendid pageant of an army of one hundred 
thousand soldiers — infantry, artillery, and cavalry — 
moving, in full view, on a broad open plain. 

At the first advance on the works of Manassas, in 
March, 1862, the Harris Light Cavalry and the Sixth 
United States Cavalry constituted McClellan's escort. 
The Harris Light entered the burning works in time 
to drive out a small rear-guard, but there was little 
fighting. 

When Gen. McClellan transferred the Army of the 
Potomac to the Peninsula, the Harris Light remained 
with McDowell and led the first advance on Freder- 
icksburg, in April, 1862. Within a few miles of Fred- 
ericksburg, about April 12th, the first hard fighting 
was done by the regiment. The enemy were steadily 
forced back during the afternoon to near Falmouth, 
oppposite Fredericksburg, when a grand charge was 
made by the Confederate cavalry, which Kilpatrick 
promptly met by a counter-charge, that broke their 
lines and cleared the way to Falmouth for our stead- 



ily-advancing infantry, which pressed on to the front 
and went into bivouac. The Harris Light lost several 
men in this engagement, among them Lieut. Decker, 
a very promising young officer, who was killed in the 
charge. At midnight the Harris Light, under Kil- 
patrick, and the First Pennsylvania Cavalry, under 
Col. George D. Bayard (also a Jerseyman), moved 
out to the left and attempted to pass around the ene- 
emy's right flank, but, being misled into an ambush 
by a traitorous guide, encountered a terrible fire from 
infantry behind hastily-erected breastworks, and were 
bloodily repulsed. The long winter's discipline was 
well repaid by the coolness and rapidity with which 
the regiment responded to every order, except that 
one stentorian command given at the first repulse by 
Kilpatrick: "Fetch up the artillery!" There was 
no friendly artillery within several miles, but all un- 
derstood Kilpatrick's well-meant intention to scare 
the rebels, and even in that first bloody night's work 
men laughed at it like hardened veterans. A squad- 
ron of the First Pennsylvania and some companies oi 
the Harris Light charged clear through the rebel 
lines, reformed beyond them, and charged back to 
their own ; but it was found that the enemy were too 
strong for the cavalry, and a retreat was ordered. 
The dead and wounded were brought off the field. 
The infantry entered Falmouth, and the rebel com- 
mander was compelled to destroy the bridge across 
the river and fall back behind Fredericksburg to save 
the city from the fire of McDowell's artillery. Here 
a solemn funeral service was performed over the first 
of the Harris Light killed in battle, and the men of 
both cavalry regiments learned that the Northern pa- 
pers had exalted them all to the rank of heroes. 

Some more substantial promotions occurred to the 
men from Sussex. Lieut. Grinton was made captain 
of Company G, and Sergt. Mattison was promoted 
second lieutenant of Company K, having been pre- 
viously made sergeant-major of the regiment. 

The Harris Light Cavalry had been announced in 
general orders by Secretary Cameron as the Seventh 
Regiment of United States Cavalry. This aroused a 
storm of opposition from regular officers, and was 
found to be illegal. Another order rescinded the 
first, and ordered the regiment credited to New York. 
Finally, after a long controversy, the Governor re- 
stored the rightful number, which ever after continued 
to be the Second. Gen. McDowell, now having com- 
mand of a military department, with the full rank of 
major-general, selected Duffle's battalion to be his 
body-guard, and for months after the Sussex squadron 
and Companies I and K scarcely ever came in sight 
of the regiment, which then belonged to Bayard's 
brigade. Meanwhile, Col. J. M. Davies having re- 
signed on account of ill health, Kilpatrick became 
colonel. 

The Sussex squadron performed much scouting duty 
while at headquarters, marched with the command- 
ing general across the mountains into the Shenandoah 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IX THE WAK OF THE REBELLION. 



valley iii pursuit of " Stonewall" Jackson j thence 
bad i" Manassas; thence followed Pope in the 
Northern Virginia campaign to Culpeper; was under 
fire at tin- battle of Cedar Mountain; got inside the 
enemy's lines by mistake in the night following, and 
raised a commotion which set both armies to fighting; 
escaped without loss, and a few 'lays after formed the 
skirmish-line which discovered, the enemy had retreated 
and were well on the way to reinforce Lee and raise 
McClellan'e siege of Richmond. 
When Lee commenced his mo vein en t against Popi 

the Sussex si|iiailrini was called upon for ineessant 

duty in watching ami retarding the advance of the 
enemy. The battalion held the Rappahannock on 
either side of the railroad bridge lor two or three 
days, during whicb time it- supply-wagons, with all 
the headquarters train, was captured in the rear at 
Oatlett's Station. 

The Sussex squadron lien accompanied Pope and 
McDowell to Warren i on ; thence to Groveton, where 
it was the first to discover Jackson's corps 'in the 
Budley Springs road. Escorting the general around 
to Manassas, it was almost in a starving eon lition 
without it- supply-wagons or any commissary to draw 
supplies from. It followed McDowell and Fit/. John 

Porter from the large brick house at Manassas, called 
army headquarters, to the front, where Fit/. John 
Porter established his line of battle. Then, leaving 
Lieut. Griggs and twenty of his men to act as mes- 
sengers for Gen. Porter, the battalion escorted Mc- 
Dowell to the right, where the battle was commencing. 
It remained on the Geld throughout the battle of the 

29th almost famished for food and even for water. 

ami the morning of the 80th killed a young co« and 
ate it before the battle was renewed. When the first 

Bign Of Wavering was seen, McDowell ordered the 

battalion to deploy and -top stragglers, while he gal- 
loped down to the battery where the battle raged the 
hottest. II.' us.'d superhuman courage to stay the 
invincible advance of tile enemy, and was -aid to be 
the last man to leave the battery. The Su--ex squadron 

and Kane's " Bucktails" exerted every effort to check 
our retreating lines, but to no purpose; the day was 
lost. The battalion followed McDowell and Pope to 
the defenses of Washington, where McClellan ap- 
peared and assumed command. 
Everything now seemed moving across the Poto 

mac. ('apt. Naylor had succeeded Duffle in command 

of the battalion. The latter, through the influence 

of Gen. McDowell, had l.ecn appointed colonel of I he 

First Rhode Island Cavalry by Governor William 
Sprague. Capt. Naylor received orders to report 

in Maryland to Gen. Joseph Honker, who had suc- 
ceeded to the command of McDowell's corps the 
First — in McClellan' lion of the Army of 

the Potomac. 

The battalion joined Hooker on the battle-field "f 
\ntietam. That officer did not want it, and ordered 
it to remain near the ammunition-wagons, Th - 



sex squadron, therefore, witnessed the battle without 
participating in it. Hooker was wounded, Reynolds 

ne to organize a new corps of defense in Penn- 
sylvania: -o Gen. Meade, l.nt lately commanding a 
brigade, suddenly found himself at tie- lead of the 
First Army Corps. With him the battalion remained 

until C'U. It yn olds returned and took command of 

the First Corps. After serving with Reynolds for a 
time tie- battalion was ordered to rejoin the regiment, 

which had remained in the defenses of Washington. 

and which was found at Ball's Cross-Roads. 
With Bayard's brigade the reunited battalions of 

the Harris Light Cavalry vd towards Aldie. 

where a severe battle was fought late in October. 
When Burnside relieved McClellan the Harris Light 
marched down the river to Fredericksburg, but too 
late to save the bridge McDowell had rebuilt the 
ing summer. 
\i i tin l-i of December, Bayard's command 

moved to Dumfries to clear out a force threat 
the rear, hut returned in time to eros- the pontoons 
at the battle of Fredericksburg and take position on 
the plain in front of Franklin's headquarters, where 
that most promising young Jerseyman, Gen. George 
D. Bayard, was struck by a bursting shell, and died 

as calmly and I lly as he would have faced the 

rebels in the strength of his noble manhood. After 
the battle the Harris Light was sent down the north 

bank of the Kappahan -k as a corps of observation. 

Excepting a raid of fifty miles down the Rappa- 
hannock and the famous Burnside "mud inarch," 
there were no great deeds to record during this win- 
ter. Capt. Cooke was promoted major; First Lieut. 
(irie/'.'s was promoted Captain, and Second l.ieiit. Mat- 

tison first lieutenant of Company K. Lieut. Downing 

was promote I captain of Company I'.. 

In the spring the Harris Light went on the famous 
Kilpatriek raid around the rebel army, approaching 

within two mile- of Ricbm 1. destroying bridges, 

railways, etc., crossing the Chiekahominy, and, rc- 

io the Pamunkey, crossed that river on flat- 
boats ami mad.- their escape to Yorktown. Seizing a 

favorable time, they recrossed the rebel country at 

great peril, and reached (he Federal transports at I'r- 
banna, upon which they crossed the Rappahannock, 
and regained their place in the Army of the Potomac 

with a hi- of aboil I fifty nun throughout the expedi- 
tion. On the '.ith of June the Harris Light took 

part in the great cavalry battle of the war at Brandy 

Station, wherein all the cavalry of the contending 

armies were joined in mortal combat. In conse- 
quence of the Richmond raid, tin- Harris Light Cav- 
alry was perha;- the most famous regiment in the 

world at this time. 

\i Brandy Station, however, a mistake with regard 
i,, orders lost the golden opportunity to strike the 

enemy a decisive blow. When the Harris Light 
Cavalry realized its mistake the most gallant efforts 

were made to rede in the fal-e movement, and the 



96 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



regiment fought hard throughout the battle. In at- 
tempting to reform the broken line Col. Davies was the 
first to dash across the railroad embankment, expect- 
ing his regiment to follow. His horse fell dead at 
the very feet of the rebels, who closed in around 
Davies and cut him off from the few who attempted 
to follow him. Standing by the carcase of " Back- 
skin," Davies faced his assailants, and, sternly watch- 
ing every sabre-thrust, skillfully parried every blade 
drawn against him, sending some whirling over the 
heads of the foe. He coolly maintained his position 
for several minutes, until some of the Sussex boys 
succeeded in driving off the eager rebel officers, some 
twenty or thirty of whom were each striving to cut 
him down. At night the exhausted cavalrymen of 
each side drew off, and both sides claimed the victory. 
On the 17th of June, Kilpatrick fought Fitzhugh 
Lee's cavalry at Aldie, and the Harris Light Cavalry 
more than redeemed its reputation. The squadron 
which led the false charge at Brandy Station asked 
for the post of honor in this battle. Kilpatrick told 
them to charge the haystacks from which a galling 
fire was poured into his lines on the hill. The squad- 
ron (Raymond's) charged at once; only nineteen 
men came out unharmed. Grinton was ordered to 
go to their relief. He took Company K, Griggs 
having " borrowed" Griuton's company of carbineers 
to dislodge a force on the opposite flank. Company 
K was officered by Lieuts. Mattison and A. C. Shafer 
(of Stillwater, Sussex Co., N. J.), both promoted from 
the Sussex squadron. Company K charged, with 
Grinton leading, directly towards the haystacks, but 
Mattison, discovering that the destruction of Ray- 
mond's squadron proceeded from the fire of sharp- 
shooters intrenched in a deep ditch to the right, 
urged his men upon them. Grinton cried out to fol- 
low him, but the men kept on with Mattison to the 
ditch, and, the Sixth Ohio Cavalry crossing the ditch 
farther to the left, about one hundred sharpshooters 
fell into 'the hands of the Harris Light. The battle 
ended for the day with our troops in possession of the 
field. 

From Aldie, via Middleburg and Upperville, to 
Ashby's Gap, the next few days witnessed constant 
fighting between the Union cavalry and Stuart's en- 
tire cavalry corps, the latter being eventually driven 
through the Gap, with considerable loss in every 
encounter. 

The cavalry of the Army of the Potomac gave up 
the pursuit of Stuart, and countermarched to Aldie 
and prepared to follow the army into Maryland. 
The companies of Griggs and Grinton were here 
ordered to Washington with condemned and captured 
property, surplus baggage, etc. They were scarcely 
aware that Stuart's cavalry, passing down the valley 
and through Thoroughfare Gap, were hard upon their 
heels at Fairfax Court-house. The march was pushed 
forward towards the close with unusual haste, and 
not far from A lexandria a regiment of Federal cavalry 



passing out towards Fairfax was warned by Griggs 
that a large force of the enemy was approaching 
Fairfax, and that the utmost caution should be used. 
The commanding officer haughtily rejected the idea 
of any heavy body of hostile troops being so near 
Washington, and impatiently moved on. This entire 
command was surrounded that night, and nearly all 
fell into Stuart's hands. 

In the short Gettysburg campaign, Kilpatrick, un- 
able to get the Harris Light regularly transferred to 
his new command, " borrowed" the regiment from 
Gen. Gregg and worked it incessantly. It participated 
in all his glorious operations, and in fifteen days he 
fought nearly as many battles, capturing four thou- 
sand five hundred prisoners, nine pieces of artillery, 
and eleven battle-flags. 

Constant changes had been going on among the 
Jerseymen of the Harris Light: Kilpatrick, first 
lieutenant-colonel, then colonel, was now brigadier- 
general: Cooke was a major; Griggs and Grinton 
were captains ; and several of the sergeants were 
lieutenants. The men who originally went out in 
the Sussex squadron had become scattered over the 
whole regiment, and only the full details of the oper- 
ations of the organization can do justice to all of its 
Sussex members. 

Kilpatrick subsequently succeeded in getting the 
Harris Light into his division, — the Third of the 
cavalry corps, — and in this incomparable division the 
regiment remained throughout the war. 

In September following, Kilpatrick marched down 
the Rappahannock and destroyed the two gunboats 
captured from our navy a short time before. Return- 
ing to the Army of the Potomac, he crossed the river 
and drove the enemy back over the plains of Brandy 
Station to Culpeper Court-house. While Buford's 
division advanced from the Sperryville road, Kil- 
patrick, in front, attacked the corps of Stuart, drawn 
up in splendid array around Culpeper. As the sev- 
eral regiments of Davies' brigade galloped into posi- 
tion, the band playing the " Star-Spangled Banner," 
a battalion of the Harris Light was seen to leave our 
line and dash madly down the hill, across a creek, and 
up the other side, directly upon the rebel battery 
which swept the hills where the Third Division was 
massing. This battalion was led by Capt. George V. 
Griggs. Gen. George A. Custer, wdiose brigade was 
forming to the rear of Davies', rode forward to learn 
what was going on. Perceiving Griggs charging the 
battery, he put spurs to his horse and dashed ahead, 
nor drew rein till he was in the midst of the chargers, 
who made straight for the guns and captured three of 
them, with nearly all the men and officers of the bat- 
tery, which proved to be the famous Baltimore artil- 
lery company which early entered the Confederate 
service. Buford's division, charging the northwest 
side of the town, had compelled Stuart to weaken his 
front. Almost as soon as Griggs had possession of the 
battery the balance of the regiment was upon the 



SUSSEX AMi WARREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



97 



ground, and the charge was kepf up through and be- 
yond the town. 

Later in the month the Btime two Federal divisions 
met Fitzhugh I. ie's division six mi 
Orange Court-house, far away from our lines. Buford 
this time moved directly upon the enemy, while Kil- 
patrick, marching by way of Madison Court-house, 
<l to gel on the rebels' lineof retreat, The 
latter, discovering Kilpatrick's purpose, hastened his 
retrograde movement : so thai only tin- Harris Light, 
in tin' advance, gol upon hi- road, and against this 
hi In- opened liis battery at shortest range ami 
'iii! I liis whole command, cutting a pathway 
through ii ami carrying off a number of the Harris 
Light as prisoners, while many were left dead or 
wounded on the field. 

Early in October, Gen. Lee commenced a Banking 
movement designed to for ■•■ Mead • bad of tl 
pahannock. Kilpatrick's division was pushi 
towards Madison Court-house to watch the enemy's 
manoeuvres ami to cover (In- movements of the Army 
ni' the Potomac, which was drawing mil of Culpeper 
towards the Rappahannock. On tin- morning of the 
memorable 1 1 1 ! ■ of October, Kilpatrick drew in liis 
pickets and fell back to Culp per. The Harris Light 
wae "ii the rear-guard, .nil halted southwest of the 
town. Pleasonton, the chief of the cavalry corps, 
Bent mi order in Kilpatrick to dispatch a squadron to 
the rear to penetrate the enemy's lines ami discover 
what they were doing, The order came down through 
brigade headquarters to Capt. Griggs in take his 
squadron ami perform the perilous dutj . The dullest 
soldier of the Harris Light Cavalry knew that along 
the picket-line of the Hazel River the preceding 
night tin- Confederate cavalry was pushing north- 
wanl. The silence which prevailed at iliis moment 
was deeply ominous, Griggs declared it was murder 
to obey tlm order, but, like tin- good soldier that be 
was, In- turned southward and marched Bternly away 

from the division, which In- was never re t" I' bold. 

A quarter of an Ii iur later a hurried call was mail, 
ilunteers to go aftei him and call him back, but 
between his squadron ami the division the enemy had 
steadily marched, and was closing up every road. 
When Griggs emerged into open ground from the 

deep h I- Bout h of l lulp ipi t Ik disi overed A. P. 

Hill's corpB of Confederate infantry inarching sti 
towards the Court-house. Griggs turned back, ' 
covered a barricade of trees that he bad left in liis 

ad 1 n cut away, Kilpatrick had promised to 

halt ni i lulpeper till the squadron returned, I 
turned off into a grove just back of tin- town, halted 
the squadron, and rode out, »itli n single trooper be- 
hind him, to reconnoitre. A picket in a blu 
coal was Been just out of the town, but the trooper 
behind called out to Griggs that beworegraj pants. 
The captain had evidently made the same discovery 
for he suddenly wheeled and shouted, " To th 
Bave yourselvesl" and that instant u bullet struck 



the back of his head and he reeled and fell to the 
ground. His horse followed the squadron, which 
rushed wildly to the ri^lit and came out upon familiar 
ground mar it- old camp when previously stationed 
at Culpeper. Swarms of rebel cavalry pursued them, 
but, circling around a piece of wet, marshy ground, 
across which the Confederates vainly essayed to gal- 
lop, the men of the Harris Light Boon distinguished 
Eilpatrick'a battle-line, which, forced to evacuate 
Culpeper, was thrown across the very hills from 
which that same squadron the previous month had 
started to charge the rebel battery. With des 
energy those men spurred tlmir tired horses forward, 
and Kilpatrick, looking anxiously upon their gallant 
race, pushed his skirmishers towards them. Down by 
an ol<l mill they crossed the creek, and came in safely ; 
but Griggs was lost. In the lull before the battle a 
deep and solemn lament came from marly every one 

over his fate. All his tl who escaped -there were 

several missing, among them Lieut. A. < '. Shafer — 
declared that, from the way Capt. Griggs dropped off 
his horse, they believed he was shot dead. It may be 

slated here that when the Army of the Potomac again 

occupied that country, Capt. Grinton and Lieut. Mat- 
tisou, with an escort, went over the ground, and at a 
house mar by learned that two Confederate Boldiers 
brought poor Griggs to the door alive but insensible, 
and In- died that night. His body was exhumed, fully 
identified, and sent North, and is buried in the old 
o meter} of Newton. He was a patriot of wonderful 
energy and zeal, an honor to his native town, and an 
invaluable officer in his regim int. 

Quicklj following the escaped squadron, the lejri ons 
of the enemy closed upon the skirmish-line, com- 
manded in pen 'ii bj < ten. II. E. I femes, dr.. who re- 
tired front and rear rank in taetieal order alter each 

volley with all the precision of a brigade drill. The 
extreme coolness of hi- manoeuvres inspired the men 
with confidence and astonished the advancing line of 
the enemy. Meantime, Kilpatrick, with all the rest 
of the division, was hurrying back to Brandy Station. 
West of Brandy station, in plain Bight, Fitzhugh 
Lee's rebel cavalry division was marching in haste 
for the -ame position. ( >n the opposite Sank of Kil- 
patrick, Wade Hampton's division, approaching via 
Stepheusburg, closed in to cut off his retreat. Daviee 
drew in his skirmishers and closed up the gap between 

him and the main column, hut had hardly reached 

the division when Wade Hampton's men bunt through 

the thill woods which had eoiieealed tin- head of his 

column, with which 1 laviea 1 two regiments "f the rear- 
guard now became interlocked in deadly conflict. 

With wild curse- and shout- 1 lavies' limn threw them- 
selves upon the enemy and hurled him back. I 'overed 

by a cloud of dust, a regiment galloped in from the 

rear, into which the rear-guard poured a volley which 

unhorsed many of them, only to discover the next mo- 
ment thej were firing into a regimentof our ■ •■■■ 
ulars, which, in falling hack from Stepheusburg, had 



9S 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



become separated from Buford's division, and, envel- 
oped by tbe hordes of advancing Confederates, made 
direct for Kilpatrick's line, guided by the sound of 
his guns. Thus two unfortunate mistakes caused the 
unnecessary loss of valuable lives to our side that 
day, — mistakes which were absorbed in the terrific 
combat which followed. The heads of Kilpatrick's 
and Fitzhugh Lee's columns met'a little westward of 
the railroad station, and the shock at first staggered 
both. Around the 3-inch iron guns of his two regular 
horse-batteries Kilpatrick massed his regiments as 
fast as they came up, and at closest range poured shot 
and shell into the rallying Confederates, who came 
on grandly in the face of the deadly fire. Wild yells, 
curses, and hurrahs mingled with the clash of arms 
as the storm went on from midday to far in the after- 
noon, neither side yielding, and Kilpatrick's thin 
division grappling with more than double its num- 
bers. 

A Confederate brigade trotted across the fields to- 
wards the railroad station, and took up the charge 
against a weak place on Davies' front. That superb sol- 
dier turned, almost alone, to face the onset, when Grin- 
ton ordered the regimental colors of the Harris Light 
to take post directly to the front of the approaching 
column. Around the flags of the Harris Light, Grin- 
ton and Mattison speedily rallied near a hundred 
men, who delivered a volley from their carbines and 
pistols into the advancing foe, whose general tottered 
in his saddle and fell to the ground, dead or badly 
wounded. The enemy could not get beyond their 
fallen chief, and shrank back under the steady fire 
which continued to pour into their ranks. One of 
Elders' guns, disabled, was hauled off by hand, while 
the others became so hot that the men had to pause 
to cool them. Around them and in between them 
dashed Confederate cavalrymen, to be met by Kilpat- 
rick's men and forced back ; but Elder grimly held 
his pistol over his own men and swore to shoot any 
man who deserted his post. 

Away up the rising hills westward towards Sperry- 
ville a little regiment of infantry was seen making 
its way on a run towards the Rappahannock, fre- 
quently turning and forming a hollow square against 
cavalry and delivering a withering fire into a pur- 
suing column, then again drawing out on a i - un, only 
to be again charged by the pursuers. Gallantly the 
regiment struggled forward, with its colors flying and 
every now and then facing to the rear and delivering 
an effective volley at the persistent enemy. 

Eventually the regiment escaped and passed to the 
rear of Kilpatrick's battle-ground, but the sight was 
immensely encouraging to the Third Division, and 
they renewed their efforts to repel their assailants ; 
but still the battle raged without intermission, and 
the rapidly-thinning ranks of the Third Division 
gave the rebels hope of success, when the wild shriek 
of howitzer guns louder than any of Kilpatrick's, 
was borne through the air as tbe shells burst over the 



rebel ranks. Turning their eyes, the weary troopers 
of the Third Division beheld a sight which filled 
their hearts with the wildest joy. Across the wide 
plain in their rear a dozen regiments of cavalry were 
advancing to their relief in line of battle, with colors 
flying and bands playing as gayly as on any review- 
day. In front of this host, which was the entire 
First Cavalry Division, rode Gen. John Buford with 
a few staff-officers, never halting until he was in the 
midst of Davies' men, still firing into the brigade 
whose 'chief lay between the two forces. Buford, 
neatly dressed and smoking a cigar, appeared alto- 
gether unconcerned about the rebels. In tbe coolest 
manner — for which be was famous — he gave quiet 
orders to his staff-officers, who galloped back to the 
First Division, proudly sweeping up the hill in mag- 
nificent order. The rebel fire slackened as by magic ; 
orders quickly passed along for the Third Division to 
fall back behind the hill and give place to the First 
Division. Cheers were exchanged by the two divi- 
sions; Buford's Napoleon guns kept up their fire, but 
the roll of small-arms slacked, and the Third Divi- 
sion was " out of the fight," but with the loss of many 
valuable men. 

Two corps of infantry reerossed the Rappahannock 
and marched to the relief of the cavalry, and the 
tired and blood-stained soldiers of the Third Cavalry 
Division were withdrawn to the north side of the 
river to rest and refresh themselves after their des- 
perate work of the 11th of October, 1863. 

Towards the close of October, Kilpatrick was sur- 
rounded and cut off at Buckland Mills, near War- 
renton, by the whole of Stuart's cavalry, but by 
consummate coolness he forced a mill-race and es- 
caped with his entire command. This affair was 
facetiously called in the army " The Buckland Races," 
but it was one of the most successful retreats ever 
made from a perilous environment. 

Not long after this brilliant exploit the Army of 
the Potomac passed to the south of the Rappahan- 
nock, and after many skirmishes along the line of 
the Rapidan the Third Division settled down into 
winter camp at Stephensburg, from whence the ex- 
pedition started which recovered the body of Capt. 
Griggs. 

On Sunday, the 28th of February, 1864, four thou- 
sand of the best cavalry of the corps reported to Kil- 
patrick for the great Richmond raid. A selected 
party of five hundred — really about five hundred and 
fifty — under Col. Ulric Dahlgren and Lieut.-Col. Ed- 
win F. Cooke, moved upon an independent line, and 
with the special purpose of reaching the south side of 
the James River; and, while Kilpatrick's four thou- 
sand thundered at the front of Richmond, this com- 
mand at daylight of Tuesday, the 1st of March, 
was to make a sudden dash through Manchester into 
the rebel capital and release the thousands of our 
brave soldiers who were languishing in Libby Prison 
and on Belle Isle. The plan had been considered by 



SUSSEX AND WARREN I.V THE W\i; OF THE REBELLION. 



09 



President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton, was ap- 
proved by them, and the necessary authority issued 
direct from the War Department, placing the troops 
under Kilpatrick'a orders fur the purposes of the raid. 
Gen. Custer had been sent to the extreme 

flank of the enemy to make a demonstration towards 
Madison Court-house to draw the enemy's cavalry in 
thai direction. 

It was dark when, on that Sunday night, a party of 
scouts swam tin' Kapidan. and, coininir down upon 

ii,. rebel outpost, captured tin- picket witl t firing 

a shot and cleared tin- ford, by which Dahlgren's 
command silently crossed to the hostile side and 

moved to Spottsylvania Court-house. Karly Monday 

morning, the 29th of February, the expedition i rep 

around the right of Lee's army, and at noon was at 

Frederick Hall in full siflht ol the camp c I Lei re- 
serve artillery, near which n general court-martial was 
in session at a farmhouse, which was aurrounded by 

our men and the officers, witnesses, and attendants 
taken prisoners and carried along with the column. 

The South Anna was crossed al dusk, and the ex- 
pedition reached G -bland Court-house soon alter 

midnight. In the rain and darkness many of the 

court-martial prisoners escaped. Dahlgren halted at 

(ioochlnnd and allowed the tired men to cook coffee 

and rest for a couple of hours, when the march wa- 
re- id, Dahlgren's guide a negro sent to him 

from Ccn. Meade's headquarters on Sunday uight — 
had volunteered i" lead him ton ferry on the James 
River, ami through his assurances Dahlgren had cal- 
culated to he al the crossing by or before midnight, 

instead of which he was no farther at that time than 
Goochland Court-house. The negro, however, de- 
clared he would lead liu:i to a f: rrv within live 

mile-. l'[»ni his assurances the march was again re- 
sit 1. and continued lor five hours without finding a 

crossing to the river. Dahlgren's suspicions of the 
Negro's treachery had been growing very strong, and 

he threatened to hang him. The negro pleaded pit- 

eou-l . for another hour, promising to find a crossing 
by that time. Dahlgren gave the respite, hut the 
negro Tailed to find a crossing. Moreover, Dahlgren's 
scout- reported nothing hut a Bcow-ferry, ami thai 
many miles from when- Dahlgren had supposed him- 
self to be. Dahlgren, i vinced that the negro had 

designedly misled him, sternly gave orders to hang 

bim to a tree by the roadside. Protesting his i 

cence to the last, the poor negro was strung up to a 
tree by a halter from one of the horses, and was left 

dangling in the air. to tie- horr ir of the passing col- 
umn. The Harris Light Cavalry detachment, which 

had been moving down the canal, destroying mill-, 

locks, and bridges, came into the road near by while 
his bod] wa- yel warm and cut him down at onco, 

but life was extinct The mystery of hi- conduct lias 

never been cleared away, hut from the hour of his 

execution the men declared " that no good would 
Bi me of it." 



Burning with hi- purpose to win imperishable fame 
as the deliverer of the Union prisoners, Dahlgren 
determined to attack Richmond at dark that night 

from the north side if the .lames River. A captured 

picket of two troopers belonging to a city battalion 

ha. I disclosed the fact that only city militia, made up 

Chiefly of clerks in the government department-, 
guarded that approach to the rebel capital. The 

colon,! therefore hoped that by throwing these troops 

into a panic he might penetrate the city, no matter 
at what hazard to his own command or to himself. 
He therefore moved onward until within six miles 
of the city, when he encountered a regiment of in- 
fantry, which he literally rode over, leaving the won- 
der-stricken young city militiamen behind him ; they 
obediently threw down their arm- at the command of 
tie- Yankee troopers, ami started for the real 
out of the way. In three miles Dahlgren's men 
charged ami captured perhaps more than three times 
their own number of these city troops, who threw 
down their arms and marched back in charge of a 
mere handful of guards. Indeed, those captured 
toward- i he last were left unguarded. 

Within three miles of the city the raider- W( re met 
by a deadly lire which covered their entire trout ami 
extended far beyond their Hanks, revealing a heavy 

line far too strong ior so -mall a force to contend with. 
Then Dahlgren, who had been previously urged by 
Lieut.-Col. Cooke to abandon the enterprise, con- 
sented to withdraw. In doing so his command be- 
came divided, and he marched off in the da 
with only a portion of his column. Turning into a 
by-road, he moved towards Hungary Station, which 

was t'> have been Kilpatrick'a halting-place before 

attacking Richmond from the east. Col. Cooke first 

discovered the absence of a part ol' the command, 
and desired to go back after it: but Dahlgren objected. 

ami pushed on to Hungary, thinking, no doubt, the 
broken column would (dose up. Unfortunately, the 

rear portion of the column passed the by-road in the 

darkness without turning into it, and thus lost Dahl- 
gren's trail. At Hungary Station, finding no trai e of 
Kilpatrick. Dahlgren destroyed his two ambulances 

and moved on to the I'amunkey. which he cr -1 

without waiting for news of his broken column. 

When near King and Queen Court-house the fol- 
lowing night, Wednesday, the 2d of March, he wa- 

surrounded by the rapidly-augmenting hand- of cav- 
alry which hail harassed him all day. Fighting to 

the la-t. he was killed at the head ol' hi- men, nearly 
all of whom fell into the hands ol' the enemy. Cooke 

escaped on foot in the darkness, bin wa- hunted 
down by blood-hounds and captured the following Fri- 
day, lie was taken to Richmond, refused the priv- 
ilege- of a prisoner of war, oast into a dark cell with 

negro prisoners, poorly fed. ami deprived of the ne- 
cessaries of lite. Hi- health gave way under his 
cruel treatment, but his glorious spirit enabled him 
bravely to endure his unnatural privations. 



100 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



The other part of this column was more fortunate. 
Failing to find Dahlgren, Capt. John F. B. Mitchell, 
of the Harris Light Cavalry, assumed command and 
moved back on the main road until, running into a 
line of rebel troops, who opened a strong fire, they 
were forced to countermarch. Marching back again 
towards Richmond, the road being full of the strag- 
gling militia that had surrendered to them in the 
previous action, the party found the broad road run- 
ning to Hungary Station. Pursuing this road for 
some miles, Mitchell discovered that a body of rebel 
cavalry was following his detachment. He therefore 
turned into a lane, marched across a field, and turned 
into a swamp. The pursuers passed on, and not far 
off turned into bivouac, built fires, and settled down 
for the night. A volunteer scout named Campbell 
(of the Harris Light) ventured to penetrate the 
strange camp, and in due time returned and reported 
that the strangers were the Fourth Virginia Cavalry, 
of Wade Hampton's division. Meantime, it was 
learned there were no traces of the Union cavalry 
about Hungary. 

A negro was procured, who carefully led Mitchell's 
column around the rebel camp and through lanes and 
by-paths around to the south of Hungary Station, at 
which it was reported Wade Hampton's cavalry were 
arriving in strong force. Daylight found the party 
upon the Brooke Pike, going towards Richmond, but 
another body of the enemy soon opened fire in the 
face of the wanderers and compelled them to turn 
about. Ladies appeared on the portico of a large 
white mansion and besought the party not to fight 
before their eyes. They were in a high state of ex- 
citement, and told the Yankee invaders that Wade 
Hampton's cavalry were upon that road and would 
surely confront them in a few moments. They further 
gave them the information that Kilpatrick had at- 
tacked Richmond the previous night (Tuesday), but 
had been beaten and driven off down the James 
River. This made the party doubly anxious to find a 
line of escape southward, and by a pure piece of good 
luck, after passing a narrow lane, Lieut. Mattison 
rode back to a little house near by and learned that it 
led to a ford on the Chickahominy. Mitchell quickly 
turned the head of his column back to the lane, 
which, sure enough, led to an obscure ford, across 
which the weary party passed to the Peninsula, ever 
famous as the scene of McClellan's movements upon 
Richmond. 

Coming upon a party of laborers clearing away the 
smoking debris of a burnt train of cars, Mitchell 
learned that Kilpatrick had destroyed the train the 
previous day, marching towards Richmond, that he 
had thrown everybody into a panic, had nearly en- 
tered the city, but had finally been repulsed by 
Pickett's division, which had arrived from North 
Carolina in the evening, and had been rushed to the 
fortifications barely in time to confront him. Kil- 
patrick, they stated, had retreated towards the James. 



Mitchell and his officers decided to strike for Wil- 
liamsburg. Avoiding several bodies of the enemy, 
which opened fire on the fugitives, but which were 
not large enough to compel them to fight, they finally 
reached the broad highway leading from Williams- 
burg to Richmond. A rebel outpost held the cross- 
roads, but a smart little attack cleared the way-, when 
the broad trail of a large cavalry column coming 
from towards the James River and turning into the 
Williamsburg road was discovered. A lady soon told 
Capt. Mitchell that Kilpatrick had passed down in 
the forenoon on his retreat, and that the Confederate 
soldiers had followed him and had brought back a 
large number of his men prisoners, who had but just 
gone up to Richmond. 

Waiting for no further information, Mitchell and 
his men forced their worn-out horses to a faster walk 
and hurried on. Burning fences on each side were 
taken to be Kilpatrick's signals to Dahlgren to fol- 
low. Fearing a pursuing column, every effort was 
made to close up the long distance yet intervening 
between Mitchell and Kilpatrick. Well on in the 
afternoon, when all inquiries of the citizens were an- 
swered with the cheering news that the Yankee cav- 
alry had passed only a very short time ago, Mitchell's 
column suddenly encountered a strong fire from a 
piece of woods lying across the road. Recoiling from 
this unexpected attack from an enemy whose pres- 
ence the wily citizens had concealed, the poor tired 
fellows summoned their energies for a last grand 
effort. Fortunately, the road towards the enemy was 
descending, so that as the jaded horses proceeded 
under the spurs and the wild shouts of men who were 
determined to go through or die in the attempt their 
speed increased. Each man grasped his Colt's re- 
volver as he neared the woods, and with deadly pur- 
pose the command dashed against the foe so furiously 
that they broke and fled through the woods in all di- 
rections, leaving the road to the Yankees. 

The opposing force proved to be Bradley T. John- 
son's Legion, which had been harassing Kilpatrick's 
rear. Recovering from their panic, they rallied and 
fell upon the rear of the charging column as it thun- 
dered on through the timber, but the Yankees emp- 
tied their revolvers into their ranks and held them 
off. Confederate papers claimed that Johnson's Le- 
gion inflicted a loss of twenty-one upon the charging 
party. Their own estimate was about fifteen, and 
those mostly from falling horses too weak to keep up 
the burst of speed. 

An hour later the party reached Kilpatrick's divi- 
sion, having marched about two hundred and twenty- 
live miles since the preceding Sunday night, — scarcely 
three days. A count showed that two hundred and 
thirty-six men were brought in from the Dahlgren 
column, which left the Army of the Potomac with 
about five hundred and fifty men. 

Kilpatrick, with the main column, reached the 
front of Richmond on Tuesday morning. Waiting in 



SUSSEX AND WARREN TX THE WAK OF THE REBELLION. 



101 



vain to hear Dahlgreo in the city, he opened fire with 
hi- I kiii cry, which threw BheU into the city limits and 
cn-iiti'il the wildest consternation among the people. 
Troops were coming t" the rescue of the rebel capi- 
tal, and alter an ineffectual attack in the evening 
Kilpatrick drew off across the Chickahominy, but 

delayed his retreat a- lone; a- pos-ildc in tic lio] I 

saving Dahlgren's column, i pon the arrival of Mit- 
chell's detach menl the fate of the others became of 
still mure concern t" the commanding general, who 
encamped his division near the While House and re- 
mained there from Wednesday afternoon until Thurs- 
day morning, trying to get news of the missing party. 
Nothing definite could he learned, however, save thai 

such a parly had crossed the I'ainlinkey farther up 

the river, and Kilpatrick was obliged to result 

retreat. 

On Thursday a relieving brigade of colored troops 

ii Butler's department reached Kilpatrick, and 

were greeted by the cavalrymen with hearty cheers. 
The i tbined Union force proceeded down the Penin- 
sula, and arrived at Yorktown via Williamsburg. 
Meantime, a refugee sergeant from Dahlgren'a party 
found his way t<> Kilpatrick with the news of the col- 
onel's death and the dispersion of his men. 

Straightway upon reaching iforktown the general 

two thousand of his strongest horses, crossed 

the York River, and moved up into Kin"; ami Quei n 

County, where he learned the fate of the Dahlgren 

party, and for the cruelties practiced towards them by 

the hard-hearti I captoi Kilpatrick laid waste the 
country which had been the scene of their torture. 

Lieut. -Col. Cooke remained a pris :r at Richmond 

for many months, when he was transferred to North 
Carolina. Making hi* escape, he was in the moun- 
tains fed and concealed bj negroes for some two weeks, 
I'M was r i aptured by tin-aid of bloodhounds, and was 
then b ni in i lharleston, S. < '., to be placed under the 
fire of Gilmore's batteries, along with many Union 
officers, t ' deter the Federal general from -h.il 

: itv. I ': i>ed In mi captivity alter a year ol : nil: r- 

Hgbrai ly endured, he arrived iv. NewJers just in 

ii to witness the death of his young-wife, for whom 

he had so hopefully borne up under <<■ . 

which his proud -pirii had been subjected. Broken 

in health, he ace panied Gen. Kilpatrick to Chili, 

alter the war, a- SCI I ii ion, and died there 

from disease contracted in Libby Prison. II- was 
hrevetied brigadier-general before leaving the United 

Slate. 

I i ih return of the expedition in the Army of 

the Potomac, Qen. Kilpatrick was transferred to Gen. 

Sherman's army in the Southwest, where he earned 

increased distinction as a cavalry-leader. On the 
" March to the Sea" he was of the greatest assistance 

I, Sherman, and won the lasting regard of that 

officer for his ability and untiring energy. 
Gen. .lame- ll. Wilson succeeded Kilpatrick in the 
i id ■■!' the Third < lavaln Dh ision. i ten. Henry 



E. Davies was transferred to a brigade in i • 
(Second) division. Gen. Custer and the Michigan 
brigade went to the First Division, exchanging places 
with Chapman's brigade, which became the Second 
Brigade of the Third Division. Col. John B. Mcin- 
tosh, a Jereeyman, became the commander of the 
First Brigade. 

The Third Division participated in the hattles of 

the Wilderm <s and Spottsylvania, and then went on 

raid of Geu. Sheridan to break the Confeder- 

i icetions with Richmond. It was in resisting 

this expedition that the gallant < len. J. E. It. Stuart, 

chief of the rebel cavalry, was killed. It is honorable 

to him to say that in Sheridan's cavalry corps be had 

many admirers for his ability, courage, and personal 

kindness to captured prisoners. Had bis idea- of the 

treatment of prisoners of war prevailed among the 

teruls, less bitterness would have been left by 

the war. 

In (Irani'- l 1 ai-ut- from Spottsylvania 

to the Peninsula the Third Cavalry Division per- 
formed arduous and con-taut duty. After crossing 
the Pamunkey River the division took the right of the 
army, aud drovi tin pi incipal p trl of thi n b I cav- 
alry corps back to I lanover i lourt-house alter a stub- 
istance. When Wilson had well cleared his 
front. Mcintosh, with three regiments and a battery, 
proceeded to Ashland Station, where his cot 
was surround* I iel c ivalry force that 

had opposed Wilson at Hanover. This dauntless 

Jersey man formed his three regiments around the 
battery, and fought the rebels all the afternoon with- 
out assistance, drawing off after dark, without moles- 
by the river-road, upon which < len. Wilson had 
sent a regiment to open a line of retreat. The Wilson 
raid was perhaps the most remarkable service which 
marked the history of the Harris Light < 'a vain in the 
summer of 1864. About the 20th of June, Gi a. Wilson 
started out via Ream's station, having with him the 
Third Division and a smaller division belonging to 

Butler's Army of the .lames, command. .1 by i len. A. 

V. Kautz. Desultory fighting commenced, s i after 

the destruction of Ream's Station, between the Harris 
i lavalry, forming the rear-guard of the expedi- 
tion, and Gen. W. II. I. Lee's cavalry. While the 
rear-guard held the pursuing force in check, the main 
command was busily engaged in tearing up and de- 
stroying the railroad. Finally, Wilson decided to 
bring on an action with the rebel cavalry, and while 
the Third Division i teriocked with the enemy in a 
hard ami stubborn battle Gen. Kaut* moved around 
-vide Junction and destroyed the immense 

I army BUpplies collected there for Lee's army. 

r with the railroad work- and property of in- 
calculable value to the Confederacy. 
When the work of destruction was complete and 

Kant/ had moved away southward. Wil-on drew out 

ision from the fight and proceeded down 
the Dam ille Railroad, tearing up the track and burn- 



102 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



ing bridges in the most thorough manner. When he 
reached the Staunton River it was estimated that not 
less than fifty miles of railroad had been torn up, the 
iron heated and twisted b} r the fires from the ties 
gathered in piles at short intervals. 

The expedition met with its first reverse at the 
Roanoke bridge across the Staunton River. All 
efforts to dislodge the enemy failed, and, with W. H. 
F. Lee's division still harassing his rear, Wilson's po- 
sition became critical. He therefore turned down the 
river and commenced his retrograde movement in the 
dark. Unforeseen difficulties so delayed the column 
that it had only reached Lawrenceville at daylight, 
from whence it took the Petersburg plank road, and 
moved more rapidly throughout that and the follow- 
ing day. Meanwhile, Wade Hampton's division had 
joined the pursuit, and was reported to be marching 
in parallel column but a mile or two to the right of 
the Third Division. W. H. F. Lee's division renewed 
its attacks with increased energy, and fully occupied 
Kautz' division, compelling the column to stretch 
out along the road for ten miles or more. 

Gen. Wilson sent off scouts at various times to make 
their way to Gen. Grant and inform him of his home- 
ward march and its environments. In the afternoon 
of the second day's retreat the advance-guard of Mc- 
intosh's brigade reached Stony Creek, on the Weldon 
Railroad, and was met by a determined musketry-fire. 
One after another of the regiments was dismounted 
ami sent into the fight, but the enemy received con- 
stant reinforcements by train from Petersburg (the 
track having been repaired at Ream's Station), and 
was too strong for all the troops Wilson could bring 
into action. By night the whole of the Third Divi- 
sion was under fire, and Kautz was fighting the pur- 
suing cavalry, endeavoring to hold it back. All night 
a lively rattle of musketry was kept up, and at dawn 
of day Wilson attempted to draw out towards Beam's 
Station, the Nottoway River southward being guarded 
by the rebel cavalry. At the moment the rebel infan- 
try discovered Wilson's desperate effort to move by 
his left flank they sprang upon Chapman's brigade 
with a wild yell, and succeeded in cutting them off 
from their horses. But the rebels were not prepared 
for the awful burst of courage with which the Second 
Brigade turned upon them and, regardless of death, 
cut their way back to their beloved horses and retook 
them. 

It was well on in the forenoon before Wilson could 
extricate his command and close up on Ream's Sta- 
tion. Everything was placed on the line of battle. 
Even the ambulance- and ammunition-wagons were 
but poorly protected in a hollow near the fighting 
troops. The ambulances were already full of wounded, 
and large numbers had been left behind, with sur- 
geons and medicines. After a fruitless encounter, in 
which the enemy was found to be too strongly posted 
to admit of a hope of breaking through, Wilson, des- 
pairing, ordered his wagons destroyed and the troops 



divested of everything that would impede a hasty 
movement. The enemy discovered his purpose at 
once, and as the first flame arose from his burning 
wagons they dashed into his ranks from all sides, both 
cavalry and infantry. The retreat, which had already 
begun, at once became a wild rout. In the confusion 
Kautz charged across the railroad and escaped with a 
part of his command to the Army of the Potomac, 
but the masses rushed southward towards the ground 
of the previous night's battle. Providentially, the 
main timbers of the Nottoway bridge had not been 
destroyed, and a few planks made a passage suffi- 
cient for a single file of horsemen to cross. Thou- 
sands, however, swam the river, including the swarms 
of negro slaves that had persisted in joining the col- 
umn from every plantation by which the expedition 
had passed. These poor refugees received the princi- 
pal attention of the rebel cavalry, which cut them 
down mercilessly with their sabres when nobler and 
manlier fighting against armed men was within a few 
yards of them ! 

All of Wilson's artillery — twelve pieces — had to be 
abandoned, and the last piece was left in the road 
near the river. This the rebels at once turned upon 
the bridge, and speedily cleared it of its refugees. 
Across the river the pursuit slackened somewhat, but 
the retreat was kept up all night and all the next day, 
until, far down the Blackwater, the refugees found 
safety, and then moved more orderly towards the 
James, eventually reaching the Army of the Potomac 
with the loss of twelve hundred men and all their 
artillery, ambulances, and wagon-train. 

Resting and recuperating for some weeks, the Third 
Division, following the First, was loaded on transports 
at City Point and transferred to Washington, where 
it was thoroughly refitted, and then marched to Win- 
chester, arriving at that city just as Gen. Sheridan 
was retreating from it back towards Harper's Ferry. 
Gen. Wilson at once advanced to the relief of Sheri- 
dan's rear-guard, the First New Jersey Brigade, and 
became engaged in a considerable fight, of which the 
Third New Jersey Cavalry bore the brunt, and lost 
heavily. 

Another fight occurred at Summit Point the 21st 
of August, and still another the day following, at 
Charlestown, all in protecting the retreating army 
while falling back to Harper's Ferry.; and in all of 
these the Harris Light Cavalry behaved nobly, 
though many of the veterans claimed that their three 
years' enlistment had expired. 

On the 29th of August those who had enlisted at 
the organization of the regiment and had not subse- 
quently re-enlisted were mustered out of service and 
sent home. The re-enlisted veterans and those who 
had not yet served three years were formed into a 
battalion of four companies, or two squadrons, Maj. 
Walter Clarke Hull commanding, and the two senior 
line-iillicers, Glover and Mattison, acting as captains 
of squadrons. 



SUSSEX AND WAllREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



[03 



There was much fighting for thi- battalion, for it 
embraced the Bnesl bodj ol men according to the 
opinion of Gen. Wilson) in the Third Divisioi 
compact, so thoroughly experienced and drilled, that it 
was constantly called upon for the most delicate and 
hazardous duty. While escorting Gen. Sheridan Groin 
the celebrated council with < ir.nn ni Charlestown, after 

the army had advanced i" Berry ville, ii had 1 1 1 ■ g I 

fortune to chasi after Mosby and recapture an am- 
bulance-train just previously captured on the Berry- 
\ i 1 1. • iiiad. This neaf affair was managed by Lieut. 
William Ii. Shafer, "i Susses County. On another 
occasion Mattison's squadron made a night-scoul 
dear up to the Opequan, causing tin- long roll to be 
sounded iii i hr enemy's camps on the other side. 

(in thr 19th of September, a1 1 a.m., the battalion 
of the Harris Light Cavalrj broke camp at Berry- 
ville and marched out on thr Winchester road, 
threading it- waj through masses of infantry ami 
batteries of artillery all faced towards the enemy. 
( Irn. Mcintosh ordered I Hover's squadron to advance 
as a flanking column on the left of the road, and w nl 
agniduwith Mattison's squadron to move across the 
fields about a ball-mile ami thru head directly tor the 
i fpequan, keeping up with tin- head of column in the 
road, ami, crossing simultaneously with it by a ford 
known to thr guide, to rush up the Hill beyond and 
form skirmish-line connecting with the brigade. 
These instructions were carried out. At tin- firsl 
crack of musketrj in tin- wood near thr Opequan, 
Mattison's squadron rushed into the creek ami forded 
to ili.' other Bide in thr fair of a picket-fire, which 
receded as the squadron advanced clear to the 
hi i!m hill, ami thm engaged in a conflict with the 
enemy which, hut for it* -. rious and fatal results, 
would have seemed grotesque to a disinterest! d 
tator. First, thr Federal squadron charged beyond 
the hill across stony, uneven ground marly to a rebel 
camp, the troops of which, hut hastily prepared for 
action, turned .mil rushed them back to tin- crest, 
whence, again rallying, the Yankee squadron drove 
the rebels back to their camp, only to meet a cavalrj 
fin-', which in turn chased them back. This irregu- 
lar Bght continued well on in the morning, thi 
log along the whole line, but especially to the left of 
Mattison's squadron, growing more determined. Be- 
hind Mattison's squadron, which completel) concealed 
it from the enemy, Chapman's Second Brigade had 
silentU formed, bul taking then no part in the fight. 
Next Bteadily an. I silently advanced the sixth Amu 
coming up the hill behind the centre ami left 
of Mcintosh's brigade, which by thi- time was hold- 
ing the crest against a fearful lire of musketry. 
Spreading out like a fan, Russell's division of the 
Sixth Corps was soon in line directly behind Mcin- 
tosh's dismounted cavalry, which at a riven signal 

fell back, uncovering tin' line of battle of the Sixth 
Corps which immediately became engaged in a ter- 
rific conflict. The battle of the Opequan was joined. 



Wilson's two cavalry brigades were drawn hack and 
placed on the left of the infantry, Chapman's going 
into the fight well around the- enemy's ri^rht flank, 

while Mcintosh's remained in reserve. • 
As the battle progressed and rolled all along the 

CreSl of hills tor two or three mile- in extent, Mc- 

Into-h became eager to participate again, and, leav- 
ing hi- own brigade, hr rode down into Chapman's 

line in the lull Strength ol' hi- splendid manhood ; 

shortly he was brought out and hack to the ambu- 
lances with a shattered leg. The Burgeons declared 
u iini-t come off, and there, on the tield, in the full 

tide of the ten die battle hr had bo skillfully brought 
on. this most able and gallant Jerseyman calmly lay 

down ami submitted to amputation. When it was 
over he asked l" he sent home, and that same night 

was taken to Harper's Ferry in an ambulance and 
placed on a train, arriving the next morning in Phil- 
adelphia, where his magnificent nerve-power gave 

way, anil lor many weeks his life huug by a thread. 
He finally recovered, and wa- placed on the retired 

list, according to hi- brevet of major-general. 

The battle of the i fpequan -called by the Confed- 
eral, the battle of Winchester— rolled on throughout 
thr afternoon with undiminished fury. Col. Pen- 
nington, ol the Third New Jersey Cavalry . succeeded 

to the c imand of Mcintosh's brigade, which moved 

into a gap between Early's infantry and his cavalry. 

Chapman'- brigade having forced the rebel cavalry 
JO that the hare llank id' the rebel infantry lay 

open and exposed without even a skirmish-line to 
keep oil a flanking lire. Pennington seized the op- 
portunity, and placed his battery ill position to rake 
the rebel ranks crosswise, 'the rebel artillery, which 

had fiercely .-helled Pennington's brigade going into 
this position, now became desperately engaged in 
front, and Pennington opened his battery with short 
fuse upon the doomed infantry of Early's army, too 

heavily engaged in it- front to heed this new peril. 

Yet the brave fellows fought on. nor commenced to 

waver until an immense cloud of cavalry — Merritt's 

and AveriU's divisions — wa- -. . n sweeping around 
the hit and nar id' the rebel position, clear up to 

Winchester. Then the Confederates -aw thej were 
I.e. lien, and their line- began to crumble. Before 
dark thej were going pell-mell up the valley towards 

Newton, the I nion cavalry ill hot pur-nil. S ..f 

the cavalry, outstripping their comrade-, ran into a 

rebel brigade in tolerable order, and were very severely 

handled before other troopers came up, hut a- the 

cavalry closed up the retreat became a wild panic, 

and full) jii-tilied Sheridan- eri-o telegrams that he 

had -rut Early "whirling up the valley.'' This battle 
made Cm. Wil-on a major-general, ami he was sent 

We-t t -ganize a cavalry corps for Gen. Thomas. 

i len. < leorge A. < luster ram. from the Michigan bri- 
gade to command the Third I'. vision. With an en- 
command, that magnificent cavalry leader 
performed w lent, Prom the day that he assumed 



104 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



command it was his proud boast that he captured 
every piece of artillery that opened on the Third 
Division. 

The battle of Cedar Creek, of the 19th of October, 
made Custer's division famous throughout the world. 
His lines were never broken by the disaster of the 
morning, which spread dismay and panic through the 
army. At the first alarm Merritt and Custer assem- 
bled their divisions, which lay on the right of the 
army, and, marching by the back road to the left of 
the Sixth Corps, formed line of battle, which with 
that splendid mass of veterans opposed the farther 
advance of Early's troops. Such was their position 
when Sheridan rode on the field from Winchester, 
imparting a new courage to his troops. As soon as 
the Eighth and Nineteenth Corps could be gathered 
up and placed in line the cavalry were moved back 
to the right, and the entire mass moved forward at 
the double-quick, the cavalry taking the gallop, and 
the charge swept the rebels back across Cedar Creek. 
The cavalry surpassed all its previous splendid record 
in its terrific charge upon the enemy. Past the camps 
which it had left in the morning it literally rode over 
the Confederates, until thousands of rebels and bat- 
tery after battery were overtaken and captured. The 
Third Division took twenty-six pieces of artillery, 
and never halted till Early was far back of Fisher's 
Hill. 

Some days previous the Third Division had also 
captured several pieces of artillery in a fight with 
Gen. Rosser's cavalry, so that it began to be famous 
for its triumphs against that arm of the Confederate 
service. 

Officers who had gone North early in August to 
recruit uew men had succeeded beyond their expec- 
tations. Mainly through the personal efforts of Capt. 
M. B. Birdseye a splendid lot of men had been brought 
to the field, and once more the Harris Light appeared 
with twelve full companies, and Walter C. Hull came 
back from Albany a full colonel only to be shot dead 
a few days later, November 12th, in an engagement 
with the rebel cavalry on the " back road." 

Capt. A. M. Randol, of the regular artillery, now 
became colonel; Birdseye, lieutenant-colonel; Maj. 
Joseph O'Keefe, of Sheridan's staff, came to the regi- 
ment as senior major; Capt. Glover was promoted 
.second major; and Capt. Mattison was recommended 
for tlic third major; but an Italian nobleman just 
arrived in the country with the highest indorsement 
from tin: Italian minister was appointed to the com- 
mission by Governor Seymour. 

As iliis gentleman could hardly speak a word of 
English and had no experience with American troops, 
it became necessary lor him to seek a detail on stall' 
duly, which was readily given him; and he never 
exercised the command of his battalion in the Harris 
Light Cavalry a single day, Capt. Mattison always 
fulfilling nil tin- duties of the position. Lieut. Wil- 
liam I!. Shafer was promoted to a captaincy, and 



became a chief of squadron at once, as well as one 
of the most efficient and valuable officers in the regi- 
ment. 

The Mount Jackson expedition seasoned the new 
men to the hardships of winter campaigning, and 
Custer's expedition up the valley in December was 
severe even upon old troops. Custer marched up the 
valley for two days, in extremely cold weather, with 
but little opposition. From an artillery caisson he 
read, when twenty-five miles out, a dispatch by 
courier from Sheridan announcing the receipt of dis- 
patches from Washington stating that information 
had been received from Richmond that Jefferson 
Davis had gone crazy and the rebels everywhere 
were preparing to abandon the war. Gen. Sheridan 
therefore gave Custer leave to go on with his division 
as far as he could and test the truth of this astound- 
ing information, which, however, did not prevent the 
young general from throwing out strong pickets at 
night. 

On the second night the division went into camp 
at Lacy's Springs, the Second Brigade on the right 
of the road and somewhat in advance of the First 
Brigade, on the left. At earliest dawn of day on the 
third morning the troops saddled up, and, after taking 
coffee, the First Brigade was waiting orders to move, 
when a tremendous yell, followed by the sharp crack 
of carbines over in the front of the Second Brigade, 
burst upon them. Plainly, the rebels hadn't aban- 
doned the Confederacy just yet. 

Hastily the First Brigade sprang to their horses 
and waited orders from Gen. Custer. None coming, 
the right was extended to the road just as a body of 
charging rebels swept by in the grayish darkness of 
approaching day. A well-directed volley from the 
right of the Harris Light Cavalry unhorsed many of 
them, but they swept on, aiming to capture Gen. Cus- 
ter, who, coming out of his headquarters, very nar- 
rowly escaped. The rebels swept on and cut down 
many of the officers' servants and camp-followers, 
and leaving a large number of their own men dead 
or prisoners. In the Second Brigade there were six- 
teen men wounded in the head by sabre-cuts. The 
rebel attack was soon repulsed, but Custer was satis- 
fied with the information he had obtained of the en- 
emy's purpose to continue the war, and he lost no 
time in getting on the road homeward. Mattison's 
battalion of the Harris Light Cavalry covered the 
retreat. 

So cold had the weather become that the march 
was very painful. Many men had their ears, hands, 
or feet frozen. The prisoners taken in the charge 
were marched along on foot for the two days it re- 
quired to get back to the army. 

Another expedition followed soon after to Moor- 
field, in Western Virginia, and occupied about four 
days. 

What had been earlier known as Averill's division 
had been broken up, and all the cavalry with Sheri- 



SUSSEX AND WAK11EN IN TIIK WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



105 



dan was embraced in the Fir-t and Third Divisions, 
each having three brigades of four or five regiments, 
( lapehart's West Virginia brigade becoming the Third 
of the Tliinl Division. Kadi brigade, ae usual, had 
its four-gun battery of horse-artillery, and a tight 
pontoon-train was :i 1 1 :i- -1 1 <-< 1 to the corps. 

On the 28th of February, 1865, (Jen. Sheridan, 
with tin* corp.-', a light wagon-train loaded with 
ammunition and coffee, augar, and salt, and a train 
of ambulances, marched out of Winchester. It was 
said that this column consumed three hours in passing 
a given point on the broad Winchester and Staunton 
Pike, one of the best mails in Virginia. 

At Staunton it was learned that Early was in- 
trenched at Waynesboro', at the foot of the moun- 
tain. Leaving the hard macadamized road, the 
huge colnmn plowed it- way through mud from 
twelve t<> twenty inches deep, and the head of the 
oluran had reached Early's position while yet tin- 
rear was in Staunton, four een miles away. 

Custer, perceiving Early had taken up a most in- 
defensible j >> >-i t i ■ >i i mi the north Bide of the creek, 
instead of placing his forces behind it, determined to 
make Bhorl work of him without waiting for the First 
Division. Forming his regiments as fast as they ar- 
rived, he Icl them through the mud under a smart 
artillery-fire Btraight up to the enemy, his line lop- 
ping Early's flanks and capturing the whole com- 
mand, — between two and three thousand infantry 
ami aeveral batteries of artillery. Early and a 
few mounted officers ignominiously Hed to the moun- 
tain, over which Custer's men pursued him all night, 

Sheridan detached a strong force to take the pris- 
oners hack to Winchester, thereby depriving himself 
of troops thai were afterwards much needed. His 
column was still very large, ami with it he marched 
on to < Iharlottesville, and thence toward- Lj nchburg. 
Deeming it injudicious to attempt the capture of this 
strongly-fortified city, he turned down the James 
River and marched at will for many days, destroying 
property vital to the Confederacy. < >n the llih of 
March he encamped at Ashland Station, mar Rich- 
mond, and on the I5tb sent the First Connecticut 
Cavalry along the railroad towards Richmond, and 
Matii-on'- battali iu on the old telegraph road. These 

troops advanced to within a lew miles of the rebel 

capital, when the Connecticut regiment ran into I'iek- 
ett's division, and was Beverelj punished and driven 
hack. The battalion of the Hani- Light fell hack to 
b position about a mile in advance of the di\ ision. 

Custer Bent orders to hold the enemj th< re as long 
a- possible, in doing which a most severe fight ensued, 
a brigade of Pickett's division overlapping the cavalry 
battalion on both Hanks; but the battalion held the 
position until recalled bj Lieut. -c.d. Birdseye, when 
it hastily fell hack, two of the gallant fellows rescuing 
('apt. Mattison, who, struck by n glancing bullet, 
would have fallen from his saddle Imi for their timely 
aid. 



Farther back the rebel brigade ran into an ambus- 
cade previously arranged by Cols. Randol and Birds- 
eye, and received eight rounds of ammunition from a 
hundred Spencer carbines at Bhort range, which sent 
them reeling hack into the wood's with heavy loss. 
The same troops became prisoners of war two weeks 
1.0 r to the -aim- regiment, and complimented the 
Harris Light lor their determined fighting at Ash- 
land, admitting that they Buffered heavy h>-- in the 
encounter. 

Crossing the South Anna, Sheridan marched down 

On the north side of the- J'ainunkey to the White 

House, where he op, and communication again with 

the OUtside world, and when- he was supplied with 

much-needed provisions and munitions of war. 

After crossing the Peninsula the cavalry had the 
pleasure of Beeing the tall form of Abraham Lincoln 
on the deek of a steamer, watching their passage of 

the .lame- on Grant's pontoons. 

Passing around the rear of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, the Cavalry fr un the valley joined their old 
Comrades of the Second Division, which had re- 
mained with the army at Petersburg. The reunited 
corps at once took up the march for Dinwiddie < lourt- 
ivhere heavy lighting began on the 81st of 
March, lasting all day. chiefly between our First ami 
Second Cavalry Divisions and the entiri 

cavalry corps, aided hy Pickett's and Johnson's di- 
vision- of infantry. The Third Cavalry Division del 
not enter this battle until evening, when Sheridan 
u.i- vi i) lend pressed. But at daylight of April 1st 
the Third Division led the fighting, the Kir-i Bi 

in the advance, closing up on the enemy, who fell 

back io strong works at the Five Forks. The First 

llrigade, dismounted, made a gallant charge, which 

was repulsed with heavy loss. Again rallying, the 

was hurled against the breastworks only to 

meet another bloody repulse, in which (I'Keefe, the 

noblest and most gallant foreigner in the American 
army, fell wounded iu live places. Col. Birdseye and 

four brave men risked their lives to bring him oil' the 
lie! I, in which attempt two nohle fellows were killed. 

The third charge was participated iii by the whole 

division and hy the Third Corps, and the works were 

taken. Five thousand prisoners fell into the hands of 

the Third Division, hut the losses in the day's light- 
ing were the heaviest the brigade ever Buffered. 

( In the 3d Of April the Harris Light ( 'avalry. aided 

b) the Third New Jersey Cavalry, attacked the rem- 
nants of this force at Sweathoii-e Creek, hut were 

repulsed with some loss. 

i hi the 6th of April the Harris Light Cavalry cap- 
tured a wagon-train and participated in the battle 
with Ewell's corps which resulted in the capture of 
the entire corps. The Harris Light t tok fifteen hun- 
dred prisoners in this engagement 

I In the 8th the Harris Light was the first regiment 
to arrive at Appomall >x Station, cutting "ill three 
train- of car- loaded with BUpplieS tor Lie's army. 



100 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



This brought on a hot fight, the Third New Jersey 
Cavalry coming to the support of the Harris Light. 
The fight grew heavier as more troops came to both 
sides, and only ceased at midnight with the capture 
of a battery of artillery and the retreat of the brigade 
supporting it. 

The next morning the cavalry advanced to renew 
the fight in the face of Lee's entire army. Two divi- 
sions had commenced the trot preparatory to a charge 
against the rebel lines, when Lee's flags of truce ap- 
peared, and the glorious news sped along the column 
that Lee's army had surrendered. 

After the surrender the cavalry marched to the 
borders of North Carolina, when the announcement 
was made that Johnston's army had surrendered to 
Gen. Sherman. 

Marching the entire length of Virginia from Dan- 
ville to Alexandria, the cavalry participated in the 
grand review at Washington in May, and then the 
work of disbanding commenced. All except the re- 
enlisted veterans of the Harris Light Cavalry were 
sent homeward on the 6th of June, and the last of 
the regiment were mustered out the 21st of June. 

It fell to Maj. Mattison to deliver the last farewell 
to the departing soldiers with whom he had served 
so long. Copies of the address were taken home by 
the men, some of whom still retain them. 

II.— BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

Maj. William R. Mattison, son of John B. and 
Mary A. (Hardisty) Mattison, was born in the city 
of Baltimore, Md., Oct. 22, 1840. His great-great- 
grandfather, James Mattison, came from Hunterdon 
Co., N. J., and settled not far from Newton, on the 
Fredon road, where he engaged in farming. Here 
his great-grandfather, John, and his grandfather, Wil- 
liam, both extensive farmers, were born and lived. 
Here also his father, John B., was born, in 1808. 

John B. Mattison was an architect and builder, 
and a man of inventive genius. He removed to 
Baltimore, where he married Mary A., daughter of 
William Hardisty, and by her had a family of five 
children, — four sons and one daughter. Here for 
several years he was employed in the city gas-works. 
Later he removed to Annapolis, Md., where he en- 
gaged in building. He returned to Newton with his 
family in 1846, and soon after went to Savannah, 
Ga., where he was employed in building a Presby- 
terian church. Two years later he located at Selma, 
Ala., where he organized a company and established 
a gas-works. He died here in 1858, at the age of 
fifty. The mother had died in Newton in 1857, aged 
forty-seven. 

William R. was a delicate, studious boy. At the 
age of fifteen he was apprenticed in the Herald 
office, where he remained three years. He then be- 
came clerk in the Newton post-office, under John 
McCarter, and continued such under the next post- 
master, Henry C. Kelsey. 



On Aug. 5, 1861, he, then in poor health, enlisted 
in Company B, one of two companies which Gen. 
Kilpatrick was raising in Sussex County to join the 
Harris Light Cavalry (afterwards named the Second 
New York), and was appointed quartermaster-ser- 
geant. His first battle was that of Ball's Bluff, in the 
fall of 1861, and his last that at Appomattox Station, 
April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered. He belonged 
to the Army of the Potomac until after the battle 
of Winchester, 1864, when the First and the Third 
Divisions of cavalry were detailed for service with 
Sheridan in the valley campaign. He participated 
in every battle fought by his regiment except that of 
Gettysburg. 

In December, 1861, he was promoted sergeant-major 
of the regiment. May 5, 1862, he was commissioned 
second lieutenant of Company K, and in December of 
the same year first lieutenant. He led a charge at 
the battle of Aldie, June 17, 1S63, and captured one 
hundred sharpshooters. He was acting adjutant of 
the regiment from the fall of 1863 to the summer of 
1864. Feb. 28, 1864, with the Dahlgren column of 
Kilpatrick's expedition, he took a commanding part 
in the desperate but unsuccessful attempt to liberate 
the Union soldiers confined in the Richmond prisons. 
This column, which started with five hundred and 
fifty picked men, returned with only two hundred and 
thirty -six. 

Previous to and at the battle of Stony Creek on 
the Wilson raid he acted as adjutant-general to Col. 
Harhaus, then in command of the First Brigade. 
September 19th he led an advance squadron which 
brought on the battle of Winchester; he also led a 
squadron in the Luray valley fight. On the reorgani- 
zation of the regiment, in October, he was appointed 
captain of Company B, but acted as major from that 
time on until near the close of the war. He was slightly 
wounded, March 15th, in a severe brush which his 
battalion had with a brigade of Pickett's division 
while on the march with Sheridan around Richmond 
to join Grant, and had a horse shot under him and 
narrowly escaped capture in the fight with Lee's re- 
treating army, April 3d. 

At the grand review at Washington, May 21st, lie 
was presented with a major's commission by Governor 
Fenton's own hand. He was mustered out June 29th, 
receiving a high indorsement from his superior offi- 
cers. After his return home he received a brevet as 
lieutenant-colonel from the Governor of New York. 
On the 15th of August following he engaged in the 
book business. The next winter, on recommendation 
of Gen. Grant, he was appointed first lieutenant in 
the Eighth New Jersey Cavalry, but, owing to busi- 
ness, he three months later tendered his resignation. 
In 1869 he was appointed postmaster at Newton, 
which office he has ever since held. He possessed 
some literary ability, and in 1870 established "Our 
Magazine," which fifteen months later was absorbed 
by Wood's "Household Magazine." In 1872 he dis- 



SFSSFX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OF TlIK REBELLION. 



107 



posed of li is book-store to S. II. Shafer. He was a 
Democrat previous to the war, since which time he 
has been an active Republican. 

On Sept. 29, 18li0, he married Fannie L., daughter 
of Samuel and Elizabeth (Mattison) Smith, and has 
had horn to him five children, — namely. Helen Vir- 
ginia, Mary Elizabeth, Henry C. Ivelsey, Alice Olivia, 
and Charles William. 



CHAPTER XVI. 

SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OP 
THE REBELLION (Continued). 

TIIIC FIRST NEW JERSEY CAVALRY. 
k— ORGANIZATION OF TlIK BEGIMBNT. 

The FiB8T Reqimeni of'New Jersey Cavalry was 
composed largely of Sussex County men. It was 
raised in Augusl and September, L861. The order of 
the President calling for a regiment of volunteei 
cavalry from the State of New Jersey was issued to 

lion. William llalsted, of Trenton, on the 4th of 
August, and allowed only ten days for raising the 
regiment ; subsequently, ten days more were added to 
the time. For some reason, Governor Olden, then 
the executive of the State, did not not see lit to rec- 
ognize the proposed regiment as pari of New Jersey's 
contingent of volunteers, and consequently it had to 
be raised under wholly independent auspices. Col. 
Halsted addressed himself with characteristic energy 
to the work of raising the regiment. 

On the 24th of August the lir-t fair companies, 
under command of Maj. M. II. Beaumont, arrived 
in Washington, and only a week after six other com- 
panies were brought in by Col. Halsted himself, the 
in": into camp on Meridian Hill. 

The regiment "a- originally organized as follows: 
Colonel, William Halsted; Lieutenant-Colonel, J. II. 
Alexander; First Major, Myron II. Beaumont; Sec- 
ond Major, Henry 0. Halsted; Surgeon, William W. 
I.. Phillips; Assistant Surgeon, Ferdinand \. I.. 

Dayton ; Acting Adjutant, W. E. Morion! ; < 'haplain. 

Henry B. Pyne; Quartermaster, Benjamin B. Hal- 
sted. 

Oompini;/ .1. t lap lain, John II. Shelmire; First 
Lieutenant, Jacob El, Sackelt; Second Lieutenant, 
.lane- I I. 1 [art. 

Company />'. Captain, Itichard C. Lewis; First 

Lie ant, William Frampton ; Second Lieutenant, 

.lames Tompk inson, 

Company C. Captain, Ivins D. Jones; First Lieu- 
tenant, John S. Ta-h; Second Lieutenant, William 
W. Qray. 

Company l>. -Captain, Robert N. B yd; First Lieu- 
tenant, John Worsley ; Second Lieutenant, Henrj W. 

Sawyer. 

Company /.'. -Captain, John W. [tester; First 



Lieutenant, Patton J. Yorke ; Second Lieutenant, 
1 rancie B. Allibone. 

Company F. — Captain. John H.Lucas; First Lieu- 
tenant, Moses W. Malsbury; Second Lieut 
Aaron 6. Bobbins. 

( bmpany 0. — < laptain, John II. Smith : First Lieu- 
tenant. George W. Wardell; Second Lieutenant, 
Peter A. BerthofF. 

Company II. — Captain, II. C. Perley; First Lieu- 

tl 1 ci 111, William T. I nm an ; Second Lieutenant, My r 

Asch. 

"■my I. — Captain, Benjamin W. Jones; I"ir-t 
Lieutenant, James Hunt; Second Lieutenant, Ed- 
ward Field. 

Company A'. — Captain, Virgil Broderick; First 
Lieutenant, Thomas R. Haines; Second Lieutenant 

John Fowler. 

Company I.. — Captain, William W. Taylor; First 
Lieutenant, Hugh H. Jancway; Second Lieutenant, 
Frier 11 Lang I 

Company AT. — Captain. John P. Fowler; F'ir-t 
Lieutenant. Horace W. Bristol; Second Lieutenant, 
Samuel Warbag. 

Such was the official roster of the regiment when 
the companies took their place- in camp. In the un- 
settled and confused state of things which followed 

during the two or three succeeding months, several 
important changes were made. The lieutenant- 
colonelcy was conferred permanently upon Joseph 
Earge, formed} an officer in the Prussian service, 
hut for some years a naturalized citizen of the 
1 aited States. His Bevere discipline at first occa- 
sioned some rev. dt, hut ill the cud il was justified by 

1 regiment, who proudly saw themselves attaining 
the order and efficiency of true soldiers. During the 
month of December the regiment was assigned to the 
division of Gen. Heintzelman, and. Col. Halsted 
having become involved in difficulty with the War 
Department, Lieut.-Col. Earge assumed command. 

There was a sudden resumption of energy and 
discipline. Well sustained by the senior major, wine 
though young, was familiar with the routine of the 
cavalry service, Earge Bet to work to make soldiers 

of the officers and men. As a first Btep he sent the 

most inefficient officers and men before thi 1 
ining hoard in Washington, thus starting the rest 
into activity. ... In the five weeks of this r 
soldierlj Bpirit was implanted in the men. which pr. - 
Mi- virility through all 1 hi luble." 

By the middle of January, Col. Halsted bad Bettled 
his difficulty with the War Deportment He was 
therefore restored to his regiment, which was n 
from the jurisdiction of I en. Huntzelman. 

d was nearly seventy year- of age, and his 

herculean labor- and perplexities had so worn upon 
his physical strength as tu render doubtful his ability 
to endure the cavalry service. Therefore, upon the 



III 1," its 



108 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



reorganization of the regiment by the State, he was 
superseded by Sir Percy Wyndham, an Englishman 
by descent, who had been a colonel in the Sardinian 
service, a soldier under Garibaldi, and a chevalier of 
the Military Order of Savoy. 

We give from Foster's history of the regiment Col. 
Wyndham's order upon assuming command : 

"Headquarters First New Jersey Cavalry,) 
" February 9, 1802. > 
"[Regimental Order No. 1.] 
"I, Sir Percy Wyndham, colonel-brigadier of the Italian arniv, having 
been recommended by Maj.-Gen. McClellun, and duly commissioned its 
colonel of the First Regiment of New Jersey Cavalry by the Governor 
of the State of New Jersey, do hereby assume command of this regiment, 
which from this day is known and recognized by the Governor of New 
Jersey as the First Regiment of New Jersey Cavalry. The monthly 
allowance made by the State to the families of her volunteers will here- 
after be paid to the relatives of the patriotic sons of New Jersey who are 
in the ranks of this regiment. The regiment is now well armed and 
splendidly mounted, and all that is needed to put it in the most efficient 
state is strict obedience to orders and thorough military discipline; and 
til • colonel commanding desires the assistance of all officers and men to 
attain this end, — the well-being of the regiment being the first. 
"Sir P. Wyndham, 

" Colonel CoiniiuiiHliiin.' 

II.— SERVICE IN THE FIELD. 

Spending the winter and early spring in scouting 
and picket-duty, the regiment, on the 18th of April, 
1S62, was ordered to Fredericksburg to join Gen. Mc- 
Dowell. On the 20th it proceeded towards the lower 
extremity of North Neck, whence a party of twenty 
men, under Lieut. Walter R. Robbins, was sent 
towards the extremity of the Neck upon a difficult 
expedition, which they accomplished without loss, 
returning with some two hundred negroes and a num- 
ber of horses. On the following Saturday and Sun- 
day the regiment made a reconnoissance across the 
country to the Potomac, and on the 28th returned to 
camp near Falmouth. Here the regiment was bri- 
gaded with the First Pennsylvania Cavalry, under 
command of Brig.-Gen. George D. Bayard. Remain- 
ing here engaged in picket-duty till May 25th, at that 
date the brigade moved across the river and advanced 
on the plank road as far as Salem Church, whence it 
pushed on to the front of the army, within hearing of 
the guns at the battle of Hanover Court-house. At 
this point orders were received to march into the 
Shenandoah valley for the purpose of opposing Stone- 
wall Jackson, and the regiment and brigade took up 
the line of march on the 28th. In five days they ar- 
rived at Strasburg, where they captured about one 
hundred and fifty rebel stragglers. 

The Second Battalion of the First Cavalry, headed 
by Lieut.-Col. Karge, at once pushed forward in pur- 
suit of the retreating enemy, and, overtaking the 
rear-guard, charged upon them, capturing a number 
■ if prisoners. At length the rebel line of cavalry ap- 
peared drawn up across the road and covered by a 
small Stream, the bridge over which had been hastily 
destroyed, 

" At this moment Wyndham brought up the rest of 
lis regiment at a gallop, and without pause the three 



battalions, in different columns, were thrown across 
the stream against the enemy. The fourth squadron, 
— Companies D and F, — covering their advance in a 
ravine, struck the road close to the enemy, and in 
close column of fours wheeled into it to charge. Just 
as they debouched upon it a deep voice from the tall 
wheat of the adjacent field called out, 'Ready, aim!' 
and a regiment of rebel infantry rose up from their 
concealment. ' Down on your saddles, every man !' 
shouted Capt. Boyd as the order to fire issued from 
the rebel commander. Each man stooped to his 
horse's neck, and the whole volley whistled harmlessly 
over the heads of the troops, riddling the fence be- 
hind. Simultaneously with the infantry, the rebel 
cavalry in the road opened right and left, uncovering 
a section of artillery in position. ' Right about, wheel, 
march, trot, gallop !' shouted Boyd with an energy 
proportioned to the emergency. As the column 
dashed round the bend of the road a few scattering 
shots from the infantry were sent after it, killing the 
blacksmith of Company D, while just as the rear got 
out of range the canister of the artillery tore along 
the causeway, — too, late, however, to hurt them. 

"The rebel battery continuing its fire, the First 
Battalion (Beaumont's) took a wider sweep and now 
came towards the road in the rear, while a portion of 
the Third, under Haines and Janeway, strove to take 
it more in front. As our men, advancing, set up their 
wild cheer, the supporting rebel cavalry broke and 
retreated in disorder, leaving the guns without pro- 
tection and causing the artillerists and drivers to 
waver. But by each gun sat the officer of the piece 
with his pistol in his hand, holding the men sternly 
to their places. Deserted by their supports, our men 
still pressing on, and their pistol-shots whistling in 
advance of them, these gallant fellows forced their 
gunners to limber up as accurately as if on drill, and 
then at a gallop the pieces were whirled along to the 
rear. Maj. Beaumont and Capt. Bristol and Kester, 
with Sergt. Fowler, of Company E, and half a dozen 
men, dashed forward in pursuit through the field by 
the side of the road, firing their pistols as rapidly as 
the chambers would revolve, but the severe march of 
the past week and the desperate speed of the morn- 
ing's chase told now cxhaustingly upon the horses. In 
spite of all their efforts they were left behind, though 
Fowler, one of the corporals, and a private named 
Gaskill, found their animals so crazy with excite- 
ment as to be unmanageable. After the flying battery 
they raced with headlong speed, plunging at last right 
into the ranks of the rebels, who were obliged, in self- 
defense, to fire at those who were thus riding them 
down. Within a few yards of the rebel general 
Ashby himself Fowler was shot dead, the corporal 
wounded, and Gaskill unhorsed and taken prisoner. 

"The scenes of the day closed with a fight between 
the rebel . artillery and the First Maine Battery, 
which had intercepted them, the shells falling thickly 
among the men of the First New Jersey, who, as 



SUSSEX AND WARI.KN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



lull 



night came on, bivouacked upon their lir-t battle- 
Held. Ashby, without loss, drew nil' his command." 
It will be impossible, in tin- -pan- allotted t" this 
jjketch, to follow the regiment through all its more- 
pen to. 

The rebels in their retreat destroyed the bridge 
arm-,- a hraneh ol'the Shenandoah, then swollen with 
the receill rain- ; hilt on the second day after the bat- 
tle our forces crossed and continued their march to 
.\r» Market. On Friday, the 6th of June, the army 
arrived at Harrisonburg. A considerable battle was 

fought with the < ■ 1 1 . ■ i 1 1 \ at Cr088 Keys, on the road to 

Ton Republic. 

As Bhelmire, with the leading squadron, passed the 
line of Sawyer's skirmishers, the latter called oul to 

him to take eare, for the enemy was in force in the 

r !- beyond. The captain answered in hi- resolute 

way, " I have been ordered to charge any force I may 
meet, and it is my duty to try and do it." With these 
words he continued on. Wyndham carried his whole 
ion' forward with drawn Babres, all id' them wild 
with the excitement of the race. "Gallop! Charge/" 

were his orders, and tin' whole body, lull f-arrayed. 

blunged forward to the attack. Two men — Charles 
Parry and William Traughan — fell dead, and a lad 
named Jonathan Jones reeled, mortally wounded, 
from his horse. The enemy were posted in the woods 
in force, ami nothing was left to our men hut to 
retreat and form line in the open field. Shelniire and 
Wyndham, however, had entered tin 1 woods, and the 

former, being driven hack, was pressed by tl ueiny 

upon the right of the line just forming, throwing 

everything for the moment into inextricable confu- 

Bion, and resulting in a retreat of our forces from the 

field 

"Among the last to retire was Capt. Thomas 
Haines. Jn the midst of the confusion hi- slender 
form was COUSpicUOUS as he called to the men of his 
Company and sought to rally them around him. As 
hi' was crossing the heavy ground bordering the 
stream a s.piad of the Virginia cavalry, led by an offi- 

cer in a long gray eoat, who sal en-el and easily U] 

hi- bounding charger, came down upon the think of 
itives. A bullet from that olli -it's pistol pene- 
trated i he hody of Capt. Maine-, who dropped, dying, 
from his horse. Broderick, in whose companj he had 
been lieutenant, was close behind him when he fell. 

Rising on his horse, he turned round upon the rebels, 
Bnd, shouting 'Slop!' lired his revolver at their 
leader. The Officer reeled in his saddle, and his men. 
Batching him in their arms, hurried hack from tin- 
spot. Broderick stooped over Haines and called him 

by name, hut there was no answer and no ti to 

pause. Leaving the lifeless form as tin- enemy again 

pressed upon him, he sadly spurred his horse to a re- 
newal of his (light." 



The above action, known as the battle of Cross 
Keys, closed the campaign of Gen. Fremont in 
the Shenandoah valley. Gen. Pope then assumed 

command. Tin- First New Jersey Cavalry Was or- 
dered to assist Gen. Hatch at Gordensville and Char- 

lott. villi- in holding the railroad and pn 

neCtion with the valley. Hatch failed to comply with 

tin- instructions of Gen. Pope, and marched hi- com- 
mand, by way ol' Sperry villi-, to I'ulpeper ( lourt-house. 

On the last of July the regiment marched to the Rap- 

idan and guarded the crossings, of that river from 
Rapidan Station to Cave's Ford. 

tin the night of the 7th of Augii-I. " Stonewall" 

Jackson crossed with fifteen thousand men at Bar- 
nett's Ford. The following morning, at three o'clock, 

i.l. Karge, with a hattali.ni ol' the regiment, moved 

around tin- lilt ol' the enemy, where the rebel cav- 
alry had left their tracks tin- night before. Dividing 
his force and pursuing different directions, they dashed 

upon and captured a party at breakfast, coming oil' 

with twenty-three pri 

('apt. Boyd, in the evening, found himself cut oil' 
from his command and pursued by a party of the 
enemy. Dashing into tin- woods, he managed n 
elude the foe, and the next morning joined his regi- 
ment as it was forming in line of battle. 

The regiment behaved with great intrepidity at the 
battle of t'edar .Mountain. It is said that in this ac- 
tion the steadiness of Capt. Lucas saved the day. 

Col. Karge was sick in the hospital al Culpeper 

Court-house. A- soon a- he returned to his regiment 
he issued the following congratulatory order: 

"[llrgimrnl.il Order V- 1 ] 

'■ III AI'yCAHTKRB FlHST NlH .IlltS V t'ANMI'.Y. 1 

"Camp hi in Cudab Hoi xi its, Va., Aug. 14, lft 

landing officer of Oils regiment take* the tint opt 

log his high gratlflcatlon h( Hi.- cuul mil brave beuarloi t 

both ill- men una tin- ofllcerj during the l.i-i nation. Although himself 

, ,. i,-j — ...i. ho ni watching tin- movement! of the regiment 

and it- Intrepidity while uwlrr o galling I'm- "ill limited pride. 

M.M Beanmnut, In c land of the regiment, arnultted liim—if nobly 

na mi oulcor li* hli 1 » -l - — .ni.i it ,\.-. ii.-iii in. uir - which lie pi i- 

forraed ler a iicnvi tie- of ihell. 

" Tl linn. in. I,- i till heurtfall thnnke to you, 

brave defenderi ..f your i trj and ) prim Iplea, Mid you may well 

rod Unit the di f the 91h of August will I. : 

npon lila heart aa the day on which he liai lean thi reglnienl nurtured 

tun n mmandlug < il lice 

of the coolneea, pniiupl oliodlence to ordera, and energetli perl 

of rli.-ir duty by Fluapttal Steward Samuel C. I.u Orderly Wllllaui 

6unw,Corp. Vo -it. — , Ami i ree,and ibe men 

to Uie hotnltal donartmenl without excepti and la give Ibem the 

llt.tt, k- -l I i . miii l.itiv.- M.-nti I.--I fr -in 

i danger and ander e beei 

- Hi order ..f 



Mi- 






Mt'Utt.J.' 



• Tin- body -if Capt Hnlnea "us In n row daj ireoovared,eomefrloudlt 
funiiiT in tin- neighborhood having glean II decani burial i b 
wire removed and lotamid in tho Hurrli iiibarg obarchvard. 



In relation to th.- action of this regiment at Cedar 
Mountain, .Mr. Foster remarks, — 
"The glorious resistance shown by our small for., 

on the 9th was ii"t followed Up by Gen. l'ope on the 
10th, though the enemy was actually leaving bis train 
and artillery ti .unless in the Mad, in a Confused appn - 

hension of pursuit front us ; and on the 18th the First 



110 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Regiment was ordered, with the other cavalry, to 
cover the rear in a retrograde movement." 

At Brandy Station, on the 20th of August, the 
regiment, with its hrigade, consisting of the First 
New Jersey, the First Pennsylvania, and the Second 
and Tenth New York Cavalry, was engaged with 
Stuart's (rebel) cavalry. "At the moment when the 
head of the opposing forces came together a lieuten- 
ant commanding the first platoon of the Second New 
York (Harris Light) Cavalry drew rein and backed 
his horse through the ranks behind him. Instantly 
the whole column halted in confusion, and a moment 
after the whole regiment broke and swept back, thus 
opening the centre of the field and forcing Karge to 
change front with his line. Before, however, the new 
formation could be completed, the masses of the en- 
emy swept down upon the front and flank." Karge 
emptied the chambers of his revolver into their ranks, 
and then, throwing the weapon at their heads, dashed 
among them with his sabre, followed by the men 
around him. The enemy gave way before the impet- 
uous charge. But, with both flanks of his line broken, 
all that he could hope to do was to regain the reserve 
in the rear and rally under cover of his charge ; and, 
accordingly, skirmishers and main body, with one 
accord, spurred to the rear, fighting hand to hand as 
they did so with the foremost of their pursuers. A 
wide ditch stretched across the field, and was relied 
upon by the colonel to assist the reserve in their 
charge. Many of the exhausted horses fell as they 
strove to leap it, and headlong above them rolled the 
pursuing rebels. As he drew near the ditch, the last 
man of the Jersey ('?), Lieut. Bobbins' horse fell 
dead beneath him. Bobbins kept his feet, and ac- 
tually sprang across the ditch on foot, but he was 
soon seized by his pursuers, dragged to the rear, and 
cut down while a prisoner, though fortunately saved 
from death by a metal plate in the top of his cap." 
In this engagement Karge was disabled, Hicks hurt 
and unhorsed, Robbins and Stewart fell into the en- 
emy's hands, and many others were captured, but 
were cut out by the well-timed charge of Broderick, 
Lucas, and their comrades. 

Instances of heroism and soldierly bearing are nu- 
merous in the history of this regiment. For example, 
at Cedar Mountain : " There was a slight confusion 
in the ranks of Company A. 'Steady, there!' cried 
the commanding officer. Two men — Washington 
Ruimer afid Albert Young — drew their horses out of 
the ranks and saluted, saying, quietly, ' We are hit, 
sir,' as they moved to the rear. The ranks closed up 
again like a wall, and in ten minutes these two men, 
instead of nursing their hurts, had the balls extracted, 
tin: wounds bandaged by the surgeon, and before the 
blood had clotted on the lint were once more back in 
their places." 

At Aldie, on the 30th of October, Stuart, with a 
large force of rebel cavalry, made an onslaught upon 
. oneman's pickets, capturing all but a dozen or more 



men. " Capt. Kester at once gathered his men to- 
gether, and, forming in the village street, awaited the 
onset of the rebels. Down the hill they came with a 
headlong dash, expecting to carry everything before 
them, and, wheeling into the village, rode at our 
little squadron. But the brave band never wavered 
at their approach, and instinctively the leading files 
of the Virginians began to lessen their speed. At the 
moment when their ranks were thus thickened and 
confused Capt. Kester poured into them a volley from 
his carbines, and then, with sabres drawn and a ring- 
ing cheer, his troops charged the startled enemy. 
Back rushed the rebels to escape the shock, and after 
them went the captain, while close upon his heels fol- 
lowed the rest of the First New Jersey, eager to press 
the advantage." 

At Brandy Station, Col. Wyndham was in com- 
mand of the Second Brigade, composed of the First 
New Jersey, First Michigan, and First Pennsylvania 
Cavalry. Maj. Janeway commanded the regiment. 
In his report to the adjutant-general of the State he 
says, — 

".Col. Wyndham moved his troops with such celer- 
ity that we were upon the enemy almost before they 
were aware of our vicinity. The fight lasted four 
hours, and was a continued succession of the most 
brilliant charges ever made. Every officer acted with 
the utmost bravery and coolness, and it is impossible 
for men to behave better than did ours. They proved 
themselves well worthy of the State from which they 
came, and more cannot be said in their praise." 

The severity of the engagement at Brandy Station 
is attested by the fact that out of thirty-nine horses 
in the second squadron twenty -seven were left on the 
field, and that of two hundred and eighty ofiicers/and 
men in the regiment six officers and over fifty men 
were killed, wounded, or missing. Of the three 
senior officers on the field, Wyndham received a ball 
in his leg, which unfitted him several months for 
active service, and Broderick and Shelmire never 
came off the field alive. 

As the battle opened at Gettysburg on the decisive 
day, — July 3, 1863, — the First Jersey was advanced 
from the very rear some two miles to the front, ar- 
riving just in time to see the dense column of the 
rebel cavalry pouring upon the flank of the army. 
Leaping from their horses, forming line as they 
touched the ground, and starting at once into a run 
in the very face of the enemy, the regiment dashed at 
the nearest cover, where, supported only by a little 
squadron of their own reserves, they prepared to 
check the progress of the entire force arrayed against 
them. "And they did it, and more, even driving 
back" the assailing columns. Refusing to dismount 
in spite of the storm of bullets constantly whistling 
over the heads of his men, Janeway rode from end to 
end of the lino of skirmishers, encouraging, warning, 
and directing its every portion. Advancing from 
point to point, heralding each renewed charge with a 



sussex and warren in the wab of the rebellion. 



Ill 



cheer which shook the enemy worse than the bullets 
of their carbines, for more than ;i hundred yards tin- 
First Jersey pushed their little line, and at last, with 
ammunition exhausted, they still held their ground, 
being the rebels with their revolvers. 

At length the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry ca 

upon the line, and the First New Jersey was at lib- 

.ii to retire. But no ! Borrowing! nunition from 

the Pennsylvanians, they held their gr mnd, cheering 
lustily and Singing defiance at the rebel-. Meantime, 
the grand attack of Longstreel had been made and 
repulsed, and all that remained was for the cavalry to 
sweep away the rebel horse from the Hank. 

Guarding the line and picketing far to the front. 
the First Jersey watched through the night upon the 
bloody ground until the welcome light of the nation's 
birthday permitted them to seek a brief season of re- ] 
pose. 

A i Sulphur Springs and Brislow Station the reputa- 
tion df the regiment was well sustained. " The s( ady 

fire of ('apt. Malsbury's squadron, though i iposed 

largely of recruits, completely frustrated the attempts 
of the enemy."* The First New Jersey came out of 
this contest with the lo-s— wonderfully small under 
the circumstances — of four officers and thirty nun. 
The only prisoner lost was Lieut. Kin-ley, who W83 
missing by accident. t 

In Meade's advance across the Rapidan, on the 

26th of November, the First New Jersey was sent in 

advance to a position near Hope Church, on the Fred- 
ericksburg and Orange plank road. Here they had 
: ngagement with a body of rebel cavalry which 

disputed their advance. They were stationed in a 
thicket of w Is, into which the First New Jersey 

and First Pennsylvania, dism tunting, plunged, and 

with a cheer that rolled along the line, waking the 

echoes of the solitude, dashed upon the enemy. The 

skirmishers fell back with a loss of forty pris -rs, in- 

oluding several officers. Pushing back the rebel line 
to a point where a desperate struggle ensued, twenty- 

se\ en of the regiment, ollieers and men, were killed or 

bo wounded as to be disabled. Jamison was Bhot 

through the heart, Cray had his hand shattered, 
Fane was almost -tunned, and Hobensack was .-truck 

so violently by a piece of shell as to be tor Bome min- 
utes crated, Set they carried skirmish-line and bat- 
tle-line iii the fa I' the reh )] artillery, pushing them 

leek for a quarter Ofa mile, till they were relieved by 
the Fifth Corps. 

In |)e. ■ember the regiment went into winter quar- 
ters at Warren ton. One of the exploits of the winter 
of 1868 64 i- thus detailed in an official report of 
Lieut. -Col. Heater to Governor Parker: 

"Hum. il... honor t.. report thai .... H....i7th Inst (Kobru 

I m ordered to lake tin.- hundred ....'i BMj men ( prising one 

t. Ired and Rftj ..f the sirs) dm Jane) fJktalry, under i nand ..f 

□apt Hart, and two hundred tol the Ural Pounsylranla, I 

, and Third Pennsylvania) and attempt the capture ol slushy's 



Mid. Jane 






guonilliu. We started Irora Warrenton .a tan o'clock on n v.-nlntf.'f 

II,,- i-il, Inrt., ami marched rapidly. It being cold, to Salem. At that 

point I detached i.n> men to n i ma .a Parli and at Pledmonl 

Cape, Hart «ltl e hundred and Brtj I ) hi i»u* thn.ii^h 

Pled i.i Valley and Join me ..i Paris in Aahby'eGap.and with one hnu- 

dre I I Bfty men I started f..r Harkham Station, In .Mm..." 

•a tyof Mj men . • lied lei. without capturing any guerrilla*. Tim 
purtj- under Capt Hart pai mont Valley to Pel 

inn,.- tit ii fu i i ill.,- ,iii,l ,i ],u t-.- iiiiuil'-r ..f Imna-s, arum, ail. I i-.pilp- 

nienfa. The party with myself passed through Mai as Gap <■■ Mark- 

ham,and from I lug Ihe monntaln i" Paris, In \- 

rlllas and a large number of horses, arms, and 
equipments, and gome medical stores. It waa twain o'clock In I 
reached IJaris, al whl. i. pi ice I halted one bourtofeed. At oni 
I started t., return. In a..- mean Uma the guerrillas bad colus • 

i, , i ,ii. .„i one hundred, and attempted i.. capture my rear-guard, 

which waa under the command of Capt Hart The enemy charged ser- 
,.,.,l tin,.-., but «-i- repulsed mtii loss. The casualties on our side were 
Cn.pt. Hart wounded and two horsea killed. Capl Harts iswoundedat 
Dppersllle, and traveled with the column to Warrenton without cum- 
plaint,— a distance of tweuty-elx mllee. Th,- distance marched i v its waa 
Boreuty-four miles lu twenty-two hours. Qraat credit Is dui I 
Mint; „li', i i.i-„: Lame, Dye, and Cause." 

During the battles of the Wilderness and in turn- 
ing Lee's right wing in the advance on Richmond the 

regiment did excellent service, and maintained it- 
reputation for daring hardihood and brilliant ex- 
ploits. In an engagement on the 28th of May. L864, 
tie- ammunition of the men gave out while they were 
hardly pressed by the enemy. A new supply was 
brought from the rear, and ('apt. IScckman was shot 
through both hands a- he Stretched thciii forth in the 

net .it' distributing ammunition to the men. Lieut. 
Bellis was almost at the same moment mortally 

wounded, as was also Lieut. Stewart, ('apt. Bobbins 

was wounded severely in the shoulder, Lieut. Shaw 
badly in the head, Lieut. Wynkoop fearfully in the 

foot. Lieut. Bowne was the only officer of the First 

Battalion on the Geld who was untouched, and he had 

several narrow escapes. 

The regiment rendered Gen. Warren efficient a- 

Bistance in the destruction of the Weldon Railroad, 

repelling the attack on the extreme left, and thus 
securing the line of the road. Here, in the front line, 
l'.ll .had or mortally wounded a number of the gallant 
men who had fought on many a hard field, just a- the 
term of Service for which they had enlisted expired. 

( iii the l-i of September, 1864, the men who-,- term 

of service had expired embarked at City Point for 
Trenton, N. J., but leaving the regiment, OS an or- 
ganization, still in the field. It participated in the 
engagement at Stony Creek and in the final campaign 
of the war. 

'fin- following non-commissioned officers and pri- 

vates received •• medals of honor" from the Secretary 

of War for gallantry in the campaign: First Sergt. 

W. Stewart, Company F. : Sergt. Aar.ni I'.. 

Tompkins, Company c ; Sergt David Southard, Com- 
pany ('; Color-Sergt Charles Wilson; Sergt William 
Porter, Company 11 ; s.-rgt. Charles Titus, Company 
II; Sergt. John Wilson, Company L j Corp. William 
I'.. Hooper, Company L; Private Christian Stracla, 
I 'ompiuiy I. 

Maj. Bobbins, from whose report the above list is 



112 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JEESEY. 



taken, remarks, " In these ' medals of honor' the sol- 
dier received a token which is of more value than any 
which could be given ; they stamp the recipient a 
brave and faithful soldier, — a name to be honored 
and revered." 

The major also says, " Sergt.-Maj. William T. 
Allen and Samuel Walton, Company A ; Charles 
Krouselmire and John Teirney, Company B ; Sergts. 
William B. Bronson, C. Marshall, and Chester 
Merith, Company C ; Sergt. John Warren, Company 
D ; Sergt. John Shields, William Kussell, and John 
Foggerty, Company E; Sergts. Michael Williams 
and Edward F. Wenner, Company G; Sergts. John 
Brockfank and William Hudson, Company H; Corp. 
Philip Klespies, Company H ; Sergts. G. W. Me- 
Peck, Aaron H. White, William H. Powell, and 
William Booth, Corps. Joseph Marsh and Francis 
Brown, Company K ; Sergt. William Stout, Corps. 
John McKinney and James Brady, Company L ; 
Sergts. John Davis, James S. Fallman, and Corp. 
William B. Easton, Company M, are all worthy of 
mention. They are known in the regiment for their 
good conduct in this memorable campaign." 

III.— BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

Thomas Eyerson Haines, son of the Hon. Daniel 
Haines, formerly Governor of New Jersey, was born 
at Hamburg, in the county of Sussex, March 15, 1838. 
Having graduated at the College of New Jersey in 
1857, and read law for the requisite term, a part of 
which was spent in the Law School of the University 
of Cambridge, he was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey in June, 1860, and commenced practice in the 
city of Newark. 

In politics he adopted the principles avowed by the 
Democratic party, but secession he denounced as a 
political heresy, the storming of Fort Sumter as an 
overt act of treason, and the armed rebellion which 
followed as an assault upon the life of the nation, to 
be repelled and suppressed by all the nation's force. 
From the time of that insult to the American flag he 
was resolved to offer his services to his country. In 
August, 1861, he was commissioned first lieutenant in 
Company K of the First New Jersey Cavalry Eegi- 
ment. Accustomed to the saddle from childhood and 
dextrous in the use of the broadsword, that arm of the 
service pleased him most. Within ten days of the 
notice of his appointment he took leave of his home 
and the loved ones there, and reported at Trenton for 
duty. 

Early in September the regiment moved to the 
vicinity of Washington City. Then the task of drill- 
ing raw recruits was commenced in earnest and ac- 
coniplishcd with success, his rule being "never to 
undertake to drill the men in any movement without 
first thoroughly understanding it himself." While 
exacting strict obedience to every order, he scrupu- 
lously sought to promote the personal comfort of his 
men. Nor was he indifferent to their moral training. 



He persuaded his company to listen daily to a por- 
tion of Scripture. The reading of the non-commis- 
sioned officer appointed not proving satisfactory to 
all, he assumed the exercise himself, reading selected 
passages, explaining and sometimes commenting upon 
the text. No officer was more sincerely beloved by 
his men. His labors were not confined to the duties 
of a lieutenant. He was made regimental judge-ad- 
vocate, for which office his legal attainments well 
qualified him. At the solicitation of the commander 
he assumed the duties of adjutant. He declined an 
appointment on a general's staff, preferring to remain 
in his own regiment and share the hardships of the 
men who had been enlisted by him. He was after- 
wards commissioned as captain of Company M. This 
company, as well as Company K, was recruited in 
Hamburg, his native place, and vicinity. In every 
capacity he took a full share of all the perils and 
hardships encountered by the regiment, which, from 
the time it was brigaded, was almost constantly made 
the advance-guard. 

On the 25th of May, 1862, the brigade, under Gen. 
Bayard, was moving from Fredericksburg towards 
Richmond, when it received orders to join the forces 
of Gen. Fremont in pursuit of the rebel general Jack- 
son. By forced inarches it reached Strasburg on the 
evening of Sunday, June 1st. The next morning the 
First New Jersey Cavalry charged through the vil- 
lage, and upon the rear of Jackson's retreating forces. 
A succession of skirmishes ensued, and the batteries 
of the enemy, placed at commanding points to cover 
his retreat, were charged or flanked, always with suc- 
cess, but not without loss. At Fisher's Hill, Capt. 
Haines displayed great gallantry, leading the charge 
up the steep ascent by which the enemy were dis- 
lodged from their strong position. 

On Friday, June 6, 1862, having driven the enemy 
through Harrisonburg, Col. Percy Wyndham, in com- 
mand, fell into an ambuscade, and was, with others, 
captured, and a number of his officers and men killed 
and wounded. In the engagement there was a fierce 
hand-to-hand conflict with Ashby's cavalry. The 
rebel cavalry were put to flight, and the New Jersey 
regiment, pressing on in rapid pursuit, soon found 
themselves in the midst of an infantry brigade, who 
poured into them a deadly fire. Unsupported by the 
accompanying regiments, they were thrown into con- 
fusion, several companies breaking, and soon they 
were in hasty retreat. "Among the last to retire was 
Capt. Haines. In the midst of the confusion his 
slender form was conspicuous as he called to the men 
of his company and sought to rally them around him. 
As he was crossing the heavy ground bordering on 
the stream a squad of Virginia cavalry, led by an 
officer in a long gray coat, came down upon the flank 
of the fugitives. A bullet from the officer's pistol 
penetrated the body of Capt. Haines, who dropped 
dying from his horse." — Chaplain Pyne. 

A rebel trooper dashed up, and as he lay pros- 




j^/ZA&tecy 



SCSSKX AND WAllKK.N IN THE WAB OF THE REBELLION. 



113 



trate inflicted a sabre-cut on his head. One who was 
present saj • of him, " Never was greater heroism dis- 
played. Surrounded on all -ides, he yet fought with 
(he courage of an ancient Spartan, and twice he cut 
his way through; hut a pistol-ball in his right side 
unhorsed him, ami after In- had fallen all the remain- 
ing pulsations of his warm heart were ended by a 
ghastly Babre-cut." 

The next day officers in search of the body found 
it m-ar tin- battle-field in a newly-made grave pre- 
pared by a good Hunker. Having mi eolfin, he 
lined the bottom and sides <if the grave with green 
branches; then, spreading a cloth over the face ami 
placing a board over all, he filled ii in with 

thus saving I mn i further niiii il it-. :i I lie turf i ■inv- 
alid graceful form of a young officer, and doing a 
kindly act to the remain-, of one whom he had never 
known in lite. 
On Sunday, the 8th of June, while tie- cannonade 

at Cross Keys thundered out a re pitem, the ho.lv was 

reiniernd in the Barrisonburg Va. churchyard with 

all the honors due to a colonel, voluntarily rendered 
by the whole regiment, every officer ami man appear- 
ing like a chief mourner. 

Governor Haines sought personally to recover, the 
hody of his son. The Secretary of State. Mr. Stan- 
ton, furnished him an order requiring the officers of 
the army to give all possible aid, ami to the quarter- 
master's department to furnish all needful transpor- 
tation, for the accomplishment of his purpose. Gen. 
Fremont received him kindly at his headquarters. 
But, the army having fallen back, Harrisonburg was 
now in possession of the enemy. A flag of truce 
with a communication from the general was Bent, re- 
questing permission for the removal of the body; hut 
(!eu. Jackson returned a cruel answer, ami refused to 

allow its removal. 

In September, 1864, the Union troops again pene- 
trated the Shenandoah valley as far as Harrisonburg, 
when the remains' were disinterred and sent with an 
armed escorl to Martinsburg, \'a. From thence thej 
were brought to Hamburg, X. .1., ami interred in the 
North < 'huivh cemetery. 

Such was the short and brilliant caret r of a gallant 
soldier and a true man. He was solemnly dedicated 
to the service of his country, and in that service no- 
bly laid down his young life. None was more he- 
loved, few Could he more lamented. 



CHAPTER XVII. 

SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OP 
THE REBELLION (Continued). 

I.— T1IK THIRTIETH REGIMENT. 

I in: Ihirti.ih 1; inieiit niainlv recruited in the 
county of Somerset, and mustered into service at 

Flemington, Sept. 17, 1862, had in it at it- organiza- 



tion about thirty men from Warren County. These 
had been recruited byCapt. Benjamin F. Howey, the 
present sheriff of Warren, and, being a wurplus over 
and above the number necessary to till hi- company, 
— Companj G, of the Thirty-first Regiment, — they 
wen- turned over to Edward S. Barnes, of Paha- 

quarry, Warren < !o., and helped to make up ( 'ompany 

li ot the Thirtieth Regiment, of which Mr. Barnes 

was made first lieutenant. Lieut. Harm-- died of 
fever at Aquia Creek. Va., Dec. 29, 18G->, only a few 
month- after the- regiment had arrived at the seat of 
war, and his place wa- Idled by William A. Henry. 

II.— THE THIRTY-FIRST REGIMKNT. 
This regi nt was recruited in Warren and Hun- 
terdon Counties, Warren County furnishing six com- 
panies, namely, !!.<', E, G, II, and I, and one-half of 
Company D, of the Thirtieth Regiment. The original 

roster of the regiment was as follows: 

Colonel, Alexander P. Berthoud; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, William Holt; Major, Robert R. Honey- 
man; Adjutant, Martin Wyckoff; Quartermaster, 

I-rael Well-; Surgeon. Robert P.. Browne; A — i-taul 

Surgeons, Joseph S. Cook, Nathaniel Jennings; < Ihap- 
lain, John McNair. 

' tympany A. — Captain, Samuel Carhart : First Lieu- 
tenant, Leavitl Sanderson; Second Lieutenant, An- 
drew A. Thompson. 

Company B. — Captain. Joseph W.Johnson; Firet 
I ii Hi' mint, John ('. Felver; Second Lieutenant, 
frank I'. Weymouth. 

Company C. -Captain, Andrew J. Raub; First 
Lieutenant, Thomas T. Stewart ; Second Lieutenant, 

Sila- I lul-izer. 

Company I). — Captain, Alexander V. Bonnell ; First 
Lieutenant, John C. Coon; Second Lieutenant, An- 
drew T. Connett. 

Company E. — Captain, Woodbury I). Holt; First 
Lieutenant, William L. Rodenburgh ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John Alpaugh. 

Company F. — Captain, Peter Hart; Firal Lieuten- 
ant, Joseph E. McLaughlin; Second Lieutenant, 
James I. Moore. 

Company 0. — Captain, Benjamin F. Howey; Firet 

Lieutenant, William C. Lar/.clier; Second Lieuten- 
ant, James F. < been. 

Company H. — t iptain David M Trimmer Firai 

Miit, John N. Givins; Second Lieutenant, 

Henry Hance. 

Company I. — Captain, Calvin T. James j First Lieu- 
tenant. Richard 'I'. Drake; Second Lieutenant. ! 

l'r.,11. 

Company K. — Captain, Nelson Bennett; First Lieu- 
tenant. Edson J. Rood. 

In addition to the officers and men of the -ix com- 
panies ami a halt' named above, of the field and -tall' 

< !ol. Alexander 1'. Berthoud, Lieut. -< !ol. William Holt, 
ami Adjt. Wyckoff were from Warren County. The 

number in all wa- 694. The regiment wa- mustered 



114 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



into service at Flemington, N. J., Sept. 17, 1862, and 
proceeded to Washington on the 26th of the same 
month. Here they remained, doing picket and fa- 
tigue duty, till the 1st of December, when they moved 
from Tenallytown and proceeded to Liverpool Point, 
on the Maryland side of the Lower Potomac. The 
regiment was organized as part of the Provisional 
Brigade, formed of the Thirtieth, Thirty-first, Twenty- 
second, and Twenty-ninth New Jersey and One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-seventh Pennsylvania. They crossed 
the Potomac on the 5th of December, landing at 
Aquia Creek, Va., where the men suffered greatly 
from exposure to the excessively cold and stormy 
weather. Soon after, the brigade was placed under 
command of Gen. Patrick, provost-marshal-general 
of the Army of the Potomac, and under his orders 
they were placed on post, railroad, and provost duty, 
the Thirty-first being stationed at Belle Plains, Va. 

The regiment was thus in the vicinity of Freder- 
icksburg, but did not participate in the great battle 
at that place, on the 13th of December, under Gen. 
Burhside. The Thirty-first, with its brigade, took 
part in the spring campaign of 1863, which culmi- 
nated in the disastrous battle of Chancellorsville. 

On the 29th of April the brigade crossed the Rap- 
pahannock at "Franklin's Crossing," below the town 
of Fredericksburg. 

" On the morrow, late in the afternoon, the brigade 
was advanced to meet an approaching advance of 
rebel infantry, the Thirty-first forming the second 
line of battle, in support of the Twenty-ninth New 
Jersey. The line had scarcely been formed on the 
summit of the declivity forming the river-bank when 
the enemy quickly withdrew and opened a remorse- 
less fire from his batteries which no troops were able 
to stand. The Twenty-ninth, being most exposed, 
fell back, forming in the rear of the Thirty-first, all 
the troops protecting themselves by lying flat on the. 
ground. There were no casualties in the Thirty-first, 
owing to its fortunate position, but the firing was ter- 
rific. About dusk the firing slackened, and soon 
ceased, when the Thirty-first was ordered to advance 
under cover of the darkness and complete and occupy 
some rifle-pits in close proximity to the rebel line, 
which was at once done, the men working in pro- 
found silence most of the night in strengthening their 
position. . . . Day broke on the field, but passed, 
quite unexpectedly, as peacefully as if the foe had 
quit the scene. On the 2d, however, the batteries of 
the enemy opened with a terrible fire, compelling the 
division speedily to retire. The Thirty-first, however, 
maintained its position in comparative safety, relying 
upon its defenses, which were so well constructed as 
to be highly complimented by Gens. Wads worth and 
Paul."* 

During these operations the main force of Gen. 
Hooker had sustained a severe reverse at Chancellors- 



* I'untur'a "Now JornoyiiiiJ tho Robolllo 



ville, and orders were now received for Reynolds' 
corps to move up and reinforce the army at that point. 
In executing this movement it was necessary to hold 
the advanced line, with the apparent intention of en- 
gaging the enemy, until the main body of the corps 
had crossed to the north side of the river. The 
Thirty-first was a part of the rear-guard left for this 
purpose, and it was the last regiment to cross the pon- 
toon-bridge, which it did under a most destructive 
artillery-fire from the enemy, who had by this time 
become aware of the purpose of the movement, and 
seemed determined to annihilate the little force which 
had held him at bay. An officer of the regiment, 
writing of the affair, said, — 

"The situation of the regiment at this time was 
most critical. The correspondent of the New York 
Times reported the Thirty-first as 'cut to pieces.' 
When he left that portion of the field the regiment 
was nearly surrounded and the bridge in its rear par- 
tially destroyed. The whole corps was in motion, the 
Thirty-first alone excepted, it being left to hold the 
enemy at that point as long as possible, and to de- 
ceive him as to numbers. The men behaved admi- 
rably, marching firmly down to the bridge, where 
they were held until a battery had crossed, expecting 
every moment to be charged upon. After crossing 
we were obliged to scatter, as the enemy had accurate 
range of us. The colonel had previously designated 
a rallying-point for the regiment, which proved to be 
beyond his observation, and every man came to time 
in that race. We saved the battery, but came near 
losing the regiment." 

After this crossing the Thirty-first moved rapidly 
on and rejoined the brigade, which had already ad- 
vanced a considerable distance up the river. 

The march of the brigade with its corps was made 
with all possible speed to United States Ford on the 
Rappahannock, several miles above Fredericksburg. 
This point was reached late in the night, and the 
wearied men bivouacked on the north bank for a 
brief rest. At daylight in the morning they crossed 
the river at the Ford, and the Thirty-first, with its 
brigade, moved along the line, by way of the Chan- 
cellor House, to the extreme right of the army, 
where it took position at sunrise on the 3d of May. 
Through all the day and succeeding night it remained 
in that position without becoming engaged. On the 
4th the position of the Thirty-first was changed more 
to the right, but it was not brought into action on the 
field of Chancellorsville, though at times lying under 
very heavy fire. On the 5th orders were given for 
the army to withdraw to the north side of the Rappa- 
hannock, and during that night the regiment crossed 
the river. On the 7th it rejoined the brigade, which 
then went into camp near the " Fitzhugh House," not 
far from the river, and two or three miles below Fred- 
ericksburg. 

No events of importance occurred thenceforth in 
the history of the regiment. When the Army of the 



SUSSKX AXJ) WARREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



115 



Potomac left the vicinity of Falmouth and Btarted 
northward on the route thai finally brought it to the 
field of Gettysburg, the Thirty-first moved with the 
other commands, bnt :it the end of one day's march 
orders were received directing t In: r return and muster 
out, their term of Bervice having expired. Under, 
these orders the regiment moved l>;n'k to Falmouth, 
whence, after turning over tlu'ir wagons and other 
quartermaster's property, they marched to Stafford 
( lourt-house, and from there to Dumfries and across 
tile OiToijitiiM tu Alexandria. They Boon moved 
the Potomac to Washington, where a Blight 
delay occurred, and then they were transported bj 
rail to NewJersej and mustered out of the service at 
Flemington. 

The experience of the regiment on the field of con- 
flict had not been great, and their losses in actual 
battle were but nominal; but Fredericksburg and 
Chancellorsville had proved their bravery and stead- 
fastness, and thai the} were worthy of the patriotic 
State which Had Be it thein tu the field. 

During a considerable portion of the time Col. Ber- 
thoud commanded the brigade, owing to the expira- 
tion of Gen. Paul's term of appointment. Lieut. - 
Cnl. Holt resigned early in 1863, and the command of 
ni.ni from that time till nearly the close of its 
Bervice devolved upon Maj. I lom-yman, of Somerset. 



OHAPTEB XVIII. 

ROSTERS OF OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN 
IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION FROM 
SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES. 

I.— SUSSKX COUNTY SOLDIERS. 

FIR8T INFANTRY. 
Field mdBtnf. 
Millar, Levi n„ M.D Newton . tsslstaut surgeon; must in Aug.8,1802, 
for tin-.'.- yean; must ool Jnua - I, 1804 

Sl:i ii\|i I\I\NTIIY. 

FWd i Sfcyr. 

Ryer 1 1 . 1 1 1 > 0., Ileutenaiit-col I; com. Jul j I, 1868; pro. from 

major; pro. to be ooloool Twenty-third New Jorsey I nt.u.ti >. Not, 

12,1802; train to col Icy Tolitll Bk-glnicut, March 20,1 I 

Uny 12, 1804) of w idi received in batllo of the Wild 

6, 1804, 

00. 11, SECOND INFANTRY. 
Henry P. (Deckertown), captain: enrolled and must In May 2". 
ISOl.Ibi Ibreeyeara; mual out March 10, eaul Uaj 

27, 1801 ; Mcond lleutonaul Bept :, 1801 , diet llsutenaut Jhd. 21, 
1862; raptaln, rice Wlldrlck, pro. ; rea Oct, 22, 181 

mi. -inn ii- A. A. V. , I'ulti.l Slut.- volunteer*, "ii -Inil "i ■■ 
I. I'll. 

X,.iiiiiu|., .i.'iiu P.'Nowl .captain: nm-i. in Hay 27, 1881, for three 

yi ..i» . must. ..in June 21,1804; largeaul (lay 27, isf.l ; second li-u- 

t. mint .Lin 21, 1802; Aral Uei ml I 

i .„.k, roalgned. 
Byerton, ii.ni> Newl in . i iptain ; mutt in May 27, 1801, f"r three 

years; i"> majoi Jan. J". 1802; lleuteaant-ooloueltJnly I, 

get rei ittl ibove.) 
Wlidrick, John v (Newton .captain; most In Hay 27, 1881, for three 

years; Orel lieutenant Uay 27, 1801; caput 



21,1802; pro. lieutonunt-c..l .ml Twenty-eighth Regiment, Teh. 11, 

1803; moat out .Inly 5, 1803. 
Hoflman, Jacob H. (Iafayette), aec I lieutenant; i i. in Hay 27, 

1801, for three ycara; roalgned Aug. 30, 1801. 
Vim Kti. id ,1 it), second lieutenant; must In May 27,1801, 

for tlirt-o years; must, onl June 21, 181 I , -'. 1801; 

private Dec. 'J''.. 1881 ; corporal fi b. 13, It 

1802; second nontenant, rfei N"rtlimp, pro. 
Kyi.-, Charles I.. (Hatuesrille), nr-t sergeant; moil in May 20, 1801, for 

three years; killed in action at Wilderness, Y.i., Maj 5, 18 

pore] Sept 27, 1881; sergeant Sept. 1, 1862; Orel MTgeanl Not. i. 

is.. J. 
Lantz, George O. iFrankfnrd), sergeant; must, in Hay -'". 1881, for llireo 

years; mual. out April 20. 1865; corporal Dee, 25, I - ' •-: ; sergeant 

March 26, 1803 ; dlsch. at Trenton ; naroli Ip 
UcCarter, Sydnej H.I Newton), sergeant: must, in Hay 27, 1881, for tliroo 

yeara; pro. - I lieutenant, Go. D, Twenty-third Regiment, Jan. 

B, 1803; killed in' action at S '. ...M.o 1,1863. 

VanToy, William W. (Newton), w rgeanl ; must. In May 27, 1861, foi three 

years; pro. second lieutenant, Co. I. Fifteenth Regiment, Aug. r>. 
also flrat lieutenant, Co. 0, Not, I, 1803; kill-l In 
.: an] i Coort-hoose, Uay IJ. 1804. 
Willi. mi-, Tli ss, sergeant; must in Feb 11,1866; trans, from Co. K; 

corporal March 1, 1865; sergeant Miii — rgcant 

March J 

Wll Rli bard J. (Deckertown), sergeant; muat. in Uay ':. 

irporal May 27, 1861 ; sergeant December 25, 1802; 

pro. second lieutenant, Co. H, Twenty-third Regiment, March 2, 
must out Juno 27, 1803. 
Wintermute, Bdgai K. Stillwater), sergeant: must, in May 27, 1861, for 

Ihn e yeore; must, out Juuo 21, 1804; corporal Dec 26, 1861 : ssr- 
Uarch it, 181 I. 
Wintermute, Andrew G. (Stillwater), sergeant; muat. in May IT. 1861, 

for three yeara; most out Jane 21, 1804; corporal Deo. 26, 1801; 

sergeant March 17, 1803. 
Boss, Joseph C. (Sparta), corporal ; enrolli-l ami must, in May -JT. l-i'.l , 

for three veins; .li-rli.ul imp, Alexiuiilriii, Va., Harcfa 

2, 1804, tu enlist ua hospital steward, U.S.A.; sergeant Fab. 13, 1802; 

private Deo. -•"•. i s < -' 
Cox, John D i. i'.im n- . corporal j e lied and must In Hay 27, 1801, 

for three yeara; dlsch. at ObnTaieecent Camp, Alexandria, Ya., Dec. 

5, 1862, disability ; corporal Hay 27, i-"i ; lergaanl Bepl - 
Fiit.i', .1mI.ii Newton .corporal; muat. in May 27, 1801, for three years; 

must, out June 21, 1864; 1802: re-enL sergeant, Co. 

li, Tiiiny-nliiili Regiment, Sepl 27, 1804; must in Oct. ... I 

; must July IT. 1805. 

Hotalen, Alanson M. (HrilnesTille), corporal; must, in May 27, 1861, for 

ll yi'iir-; nni-1. out ,1 302. 

Meddangh, Benjamin (Wantage), corpora 1 ^ must in May -T. 181 1, t ir 
three years: iiiu-t. out July 11, 180a; re-enl. Dec. 28, 1861; corporal 
April I, 1865; served in Co. II, Fifteenth H.giDicut. 

Ililam II. Wantage), corporal; must. In May 27, 1861, for three 
years; must BUI Jons 21, l*'-t; corporal Dec, 25, 1862. 

s, William ll Wantage), corporal; most In May 27, 1801, 
for three yeara; must, out June 21, 1864. 

Allan, John irlraiichvlllei, enrolled end must, in May 27, 1861. fur three 

yean; must out June 28, 1864. 
Boi II. I Uay -T. 1861, for 

1 1,1-. ■•■ yeara; must out June 23, 1864. 
Bronaon, Oscar A D arolled and moat In May 27,1881,1 i 

three years; must onl June U, 
Drake, ll 1. It thrroyoare; dlsch. at 

wiui. Oak Churob, Vs, Jan. 6, 1883, disability. 
Poland, William (Hamburg), must in May 27, lfOl. f..r three yean; 

in. i.i ..in Jans II, 1804. 

Newton), mass. In 1 thnaysan;mast, 

oat Jane 21, 181 i 
llrnke, Nathaniel - • In May 17,1881, for three yean; 

mast ..in Jane 21, IBM; served In Daiulion n, .-,- and Unit 

Aril 

i Daoksrtown), must In M.iy 2T, 1881, for throe yean; 

pr... waeynunason Jan I lumtair 

abscess at Ward United States army general hospital, Newark, N. J., 
July 1 



11(5 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Gaul, William (Deckertown), must, in May 27, 1S01, for three years; 

trans, to Co. C; must, out July 11, 1865. 
Hall, Stewart (Amlover), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; must. 

out June 21, 1864. 
Hornbeck, Benjamin (Montague), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; 

must, out June 21, 1864. 
Lawrence, John L. (Stanhope), must, in May 27, 1S61, for three years; 

must, out Juno 21, 1864. 
Lozier, Alexander H. (Sparta), must, in May 27, 186.1, for three years; 

must, out July 11, 1865; re-enl. Dec. 28, 186.1; served in Co. A, Second 

Battalion, and Co. A, Fifteenth Regiment. 
Lantz, John P. (Hardyston), must, in March 27, 1861, for three years; 

disch. at Second Division United States army general hospital, Alex- 
andria, Vs., March 9, 1863, disability. 
Parliman, Isaac (Newton), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; must. 

out June 21, 1864. 
Rothbath, David (Wantage), must, in May 27 1861, for three years ; must. 

out June 21, 1864. 
Smith, B-emer J. (Lafayette), must, in May 27.1861, for three years; 

must, out June 21, 1864. 
Smith, Samuel R. (Waterloo), must in May 27, IRfil, for three years; 

regularly discharged at Alexandria, Va., Feb. 10. 1864. 
Stickles, John W. (Newton), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; 

disch. at Convalescent Camp, Alexandria, Va , May 6, 186:1, dis- 
ability. 
Shanger, James D. (Byram), must, in May 27,1861, for three years; 

must, out June 21, 1864- 
Shanger, William H. (Byram), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; 

must, out July 11, 1865; re-enl. Jan. 4, 1864; served in Co. A, Second 

Battalion, and Co. A, Fifteenth Regiment. 
Sanford, John C. (Sparta), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years ; trans. 

to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. Ill, 1S65; disch. therefrom May 7, 1S65. 
Turner, John E. (Sparta), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; trans. 

to Vet. Res. Corps July 1, 1863 ; thence disch. May 27, 1864. 
Tidaback, Daniel (Franklin Furnace), must, in May 27, 1861, for three 

years; disch. at Harris's Landing, Va., July 10, 186*2, disability. 
Tidaback, James (Haidyston), must, in May 27,1861, for three years; 

disch. at United States army general hospital, Newark, N. J., Aug. 

10, 1865, of wounds received in action; re-enl. Dec. 2S, 1863; served 

in Co. A, Fifteenth Regiment. 
Vanriper, Abraham (Deckertown), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; 

disch. at United States army general hospital, Newark, N. J., Aug. 

10, 1865, from wounds received in action; re-enl. Dec. 28, 1863; 

served in Co. A, Fifteenth Regiment. 
Van Etten, George W., must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; trans, to 

Co. D. 
Vanover, Henry, must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; killed in action 

at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, 1863. 

CO. D, THIRD INFANTRY. 

Fitts, James G. (Newton), captain ; must, in May 27, 1861, for throe years ; 
pro. to brigade quartermaster Nov. 30, 1861 ; commissary of sub- 
sistence March 24, 1862 ; brevet major, and brevet lieutenant-colonel, 
Sept. 11, 1865; must, out Oct. 9, 1865. 

Jones, John J. (Newton), first lieutenant; must, in May 27, 1861, for 
three years; res. Oct. 28, 1861 ; re-enl. Aug. 25, 1862, for three yeai'B ; 
killed at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, 1803; corporal Sept. 16, 1862; 
Borgeant Nov. 29, 1862. 

Linn, Hubert S. (Newton), second lieutenant; must, in May 27, 1861, for 
three years; first sergeant May 27, 1861; second lieutenant, via: 
Porter, resigned ; res. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Porter, James W., second lieutenant; must, in May 27, 1862, for three 
years; res. Nov. 6, 1861. 

Baughan, Robert (Hamburg), sergeant; enrolled and must, in May 27, 
1861. for three years; killed In action at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, 
1863; corporal Sept. 4, 1862; sergeant April 1, 1802. 

Decker, SylveHter (Newton), sergeant; must, in May 27, 1861, for three 
years; disch. at United States army general hospital, Alexandria, 
Va., June 16, 1862, disability. 

Hendorshot, Peter M. (Walpack), sergeant; must. In May 27, 1861, for 
three years; pro to second lieutenant, Co. K.July 16,1862; also 
first lieutenant, Co. I.Oct. 8, 1862; disch. Aug. 21,1863. 

Hemlersliut, Jacob B. (Newton), sergeant; must, in May 27. 1861, for 
three years; must, out June 23,1864; corporal May 27, 1862; pri- 
vate Sept. 4, 1861 ; sorgount Nov. 17, 1863. 

Crist, John M. (Newton), corporal ; enrolled and must. In May 27, 1861, 
for throe years; corporal April 20, 1862; must, out June 23, 1804. 



Earles, William S. (A ndovor), corporal; must, in May 27, 1861, for three 
years; trans, to Co. D, Fifteenth Regiment, June 4, 1864; corporal 
Sept. 6,1862; sergeant Dec. 1,1S63; re-enl. Jan. 4,1864; first ser- 
geant Aug. 1, 1864; pro. to second lieutenant, Co. B, Sept. 10, 1864. 

Edwards, Thomas P. (Sparta), corporal ; must, in May 27, 1861, for three 
years; first sergeant June 1. 1862; pro. to first lieutenant, Co. A, 
Oct. 12. 1863; pro. to captain. Co. E. Jnn. 12, 1864; must, in Co. E, 
Nov. 29, 1864; missing in action at Spottsylvanin Court-house, Va., 
May 12, 1864; supimsed to be dead. 

Givens, Samuel F. (Newton 1, corporal; must, in May 27, 1861, for three 
years; must, out June 23, 1S64; corporal April 20, 1862. 

Bennet, Charles (Franklin Furnace), musician; enrolled May 27, 1861; 
must, out Juno 23, 1864. 

Porter, George W., musician; must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; 
must, out Juno 23, 1864. 

Sloughbower, John (Newton), wagoner ; must, in May 27, 1801, for three 
years; must, out June 23, 1864. 

Prioalen. 

Hell, William C. (Frankford), enrolled and must, in May 27, 1861. for 
three years; died at Fredericksburg, Va., May IS, 1S63. of wounds 
received in action at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, 1S63; buried at 
National Cemetery, Fredericksburg, Va., Division C, Sec. B, Grave 223. 

Chambers. Newman C. (Newton), enrolled and must, in May 27, 1861, 
for three years ; must, out June 23, 1864. 

Chambers, "Watson (Newton), enrolled and must, in May 27, 1861, for 
three years; trans, to Co. D, Fifteenth Regiment, June 4, 1864 ; re- 
enl. Feb. 6, 1864; corporal Feb. 6,1864; died near Snicker's Gap, 
Va., July 21, 1864, of wounds received in action at Cold Harbor, Va. 

Campbell, Azariah D. (Newtonj, enrolled and must, in May 27, 1861, for 
three years. 

Dermer, Manning (Newton), enrolled and must, in May 27, 1861, for 
three years; must, out June 23, 1864. 

Daily, Patrick (Newton), enrolled and must, in May 27, 1861, fur three 
years ; must, out June 23, 1864. 

Dorman, William (Franklin), must, in May 27,186', for throe years; 
disch. at Turner's Lane United States army general hospital, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., Sept. 4,1861; wounds received in action at Gaines' Mill. 

Dennis, John (Newton), must, in May 27, 1S61 ; must, out June 23, 1804. 

Drake, Daniel W. (Stillwater), must, in May 27, 1801, for three years; 
corporal May 27,1861 ; private Sept. 6,1862; must, out Juno 23, 1864. 

Decker, Hiram (Frankford), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; 
must, out June 29, 1S05 ; re-enl. Dec. 29, 1803; served in Co. D, 
Fifteenth Regiment, and Co. A, Third Battalion. 

Drake, Adam (Mount Salem), must, in May 27, 1801, for throe years; 
died May 2, 1804, from wounds received in action. 

McMnnns, John (Newton), sergeant; must, in May 27, 1801, for throe 
years; must, out Juno 23, 1864; corporal May 27, 1861; private 
Sept. 1, 1862 ; corporal April 17, 1863; sergeant Nov. 7, 1803. 

Stewart, Benjamin (Newton), sergeant; must, in May 27, 1801, for three 
years; must, out June 2 I, 1864. 

Ilaughawont, Benjamin (Newton), corporal; must, in May 27, 1861, for 
throe years; disch. April 19, 1863, disability. 

Hendorshot. William A. (Stillwater), corporal ; must, in May 27,1801, 
for three years; must, out Juno 23, 1864; corporal March 1, 1864. 

Landon, Andrew J. (Newton), corporal; must, ill May 27, 1861, for three 
years; disch. at hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 4, 1862, disability. 

Marvin, John W. (Swartswood), corporal; must, in May 27, 1801, for 
three years; killed in action at Spottsylvani i Court-house, Va., May 
12, 1864; corporal Nov. 17, 1863. 

Reed, George (Sparta), corporal ; must, in May 27, 1861 , for three yoars ; 
must, out Juno 23, 1861 ; corporal Nov. 7, 1863. 

Steolo, Thomas J. (Newton), corporal; must. In May 27. 1861, for throe 
years; died of smallpox at Alexandria, Va., May 10, 1862; buried 
nt Military Asylum Cemetery, D. C. 

Galliger, Charles (Franklin), must, ill May 27, 1861, for three, years; 
disch. nt hospital, Baltimore, Mil., March 23, 1863. disability. 

Grunor, Andrew A. (Green), must, in May 27, 1861, for throe years; 
must, out June 21,1864. 

Guest, Charlos I. (Newton), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years ; cor- 
poral Sept. 6, 1862 ; sergeant Jan 1,1864; re-enl. Jan. 4, 18114; disch. 
June 28, 1865 ; servod in Co. D, Fifteenth Regiment; must, out July 
6, 1865. 

Gordon, William (Newton), must. In May 27, 1801, for three years. 

Ilondorshot, Ambrose M. (Stillwater), must, in May 27, 1801, for throo 
yoars; muBt. out Juno 2.3, 1804. 

Haggorty, Joseph (Newton), must, in May 27, 1861, for three years; 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IX THE WAR OF Till: REBELLION. 



117 



tiurin. I" V.I I. di-. li Hi Ml: Mi.v 'J7, 

1804; corporal Sept. a, 1862 ; prlvatu J I, 1803. 

flaywnrd, John (Green), must m Hay 27, 1801, fui III 

Bid >nd, Va., Aug. 18, 1862, prisoner of war. 

Hanghawout, Leflerd (Newton), must In May 27, 1801, for tin 

.11. '.I at United Slates army geueral hospital, Baltimore, Md., June 

D, 1864,01 wonnds received ... action al Spottsylvnula, >», Me} 10, 

1864 , burled al Loudon Park National Cemetery, Baltimore, M.I. 
Etnghes, Martin (Newl mtut In Hoy 27, 1861, for three rears; dlscu. 

near White Oak Church, v.,, \| 0, 1861, disability, from w da 

received in octl itOaluaa' Mill. Vo 

Jones, Isaac B. (Newton), mult. In Hoy 27, 1861, for three yenre; mint. 

..ut June 21, 1804 . -i. Ian Ha) J7. 1801 ; private 1 eh I, 1802. 

Knott, Edward (Newl , must, in May 27, 1801, for three yenn . h 

Fortress M ..••, v..,, Sept, J7, 1802, wounds Iced In action. 

Knox, Arthur 8. (Newton), must. In Hay 27,1861; must. out Juui 
Lepper, Ueury iNowtou), must. In May27,1861; muat.outJuu. 181 ' 
Marvin, Lewis A. (Swartswood), must in May -7, 1861, for three years; 

dlsch. July x, 1802, disability 
Mm wii, Daniel l'.'. (8worfsw 1 1. must in Muy 27, 1861, for three yoars j 

dla I.. I I, 1862, disability. 

Mi Dai li, William Henry (Nowtun), must In May 27, 1861, Tor three 

years; dlscb. July 19, 1862, disability. 
M..HH, Tuunufa (Newton), must, lu May J7, 1801; must oul J 

1864. 
Newbury, Edward 8. (And r), must, hi Muy ^7, 1861, for thru 

pro. Ural lleuteuaut Co E, b'leventli Regiment, Aug. 10, 1862; cap- 
tain, rice Ualsoy,pro. ; res. Jau 28, 1804,1 iptcouimls in Vet, 

i;. Corps; cuptalu Twenty-Ural BvgUnent, Vet. Bee. Corps, April 

20, 1801; .li- li. June ,i", 1800. 
Pickett, Beujaiulu, nmal in Hoy ^7, 1801, f..r three years; dlsch. at 

Philadelphia, Pa., July 20, 1802, disability. 
Pltleuger, Nathaniel .1. [Stlllwatei ), must, in Mo] 27, 1801, f..r three 

years; trans, to Vet Res. Corpn May i, i-m . dlsch. Juuo I. 1SIH. 
Ruduuy, Horrlfl (Bituichville), must In May 27,1801, i.-i three years; 

must. ...ii -Inly l.i, 1866; dlsch. u Trout telegraph ... 

War Department, A, O. 0., Washington, D. C. 
Btruble, Horace n. (Bram hi Ule), must. u. May -7. 1861, for three years ; 

..... • June 8,1 M 

Bpace, David (Newton), must, in May 27, 1061, foi u yenni; trans, to 

Vet Res. Corps Sept 1, 1S0J ; ulsch. June Id, 1804. 
Bel over, Juntos, Jr. (Stlllwnter), must In Hay 27, 1801, lor Ihree 

yeun ; killed In action al Gaines 1 Fium, Yu., Juuu -7, 1802, 
Savercool, Martin G. (Newton), must in Muy -7, 1861, for three years; 

killed in action al Qaluee' Furai, Va., June 27, 1m. J. 
Snyder, Andrew (Newton), must, in May -7, 1801, for three years; trans, 

in Vet Res i orp> v.. i i, i 111 I . .1... I.. .inly n., 1804. 
Byloox,Jumee(FreukJbrdj, uiuet. in Mo) ^7. i.mii ; must out June 2 '■, 1804, 
Taylor, John w. (Newton;, must in May J7, 1801; dlsch. oi hoapllul, 

Alex la, Va.Oct. ■.".', 1801, disability, 

Titsworth, Chnrlus A. (Newton), unul lu May ;7, 1801, for thru. 



• . Vll., Jul) J'., 1802, ol Wo 



elved ... 



died .ii I. .in.-- M 

action, 
Tighe, John (Ogdeusburg . must In Ha] '^7, 1801, (or three years; dlsch. 

in camp ii. ..I i ...i n in.. \ .. . ... ,. , at v. 

Totteii, Juualhuu (Newluu), musl In May 20, 1801, lui Ihroeyi 

.1 typhoid revor ..i Send ) Hoe) llal, Vs., Fob. 8, laui 

Vim. I. irl I, . i. .In. II. iin Iiville), must in Muy 27, 1861, (bi th 

years; h, Jan., ii, 1804, disability. 

Wallers, Wi Ilium (Newton , must in Muo 27, 1861, nil Uirei years; dlsch, 

ni United .-nil.- iinnj gi-uural boepltul, Alexandria, Vin. Hay 16, 

i It I, .h nhlllly. 
Vi in.i.i. . i.'iMi, li (Stanhope), must in Hoy :7, 1861, i-. n yean; 

must "in Juuo 23, 1&6I. 

CO. I, M:\ I.MII l\l ANTliY. 

M, n.iii. ,1.1-, Joseph, cnphilu; mm, i, Jul) I-, 1804, l,.r tlireo years; 
Dinstoul Oct. 7, 1804 ; sergeant Sepl 20,1801; n.-i sergeant April 

17, 1802; in -i lleutonaul s..i 18, 1802; pro., ■ ■ Mullery, killed. 

i' sen, Henry A. (Stlllwntei I, i lleuteuaut; must InOci 3, 1801; 

pro. t.. Ural in -ni. ... .ni Co. A, - 

Twenty-third Regiment, 11 u li I 00; ■ ■■ luuo27, 1863. 

Everett, Gal , in-i lerguuut; must, m SeptSU, 1801; ■ < ■ i- n, I Sept. 

18, 1861; sergeant Hay .'., 1862; Ural enrgoaut Dec. I, 1802; pro, lu 
second lieutenant Co, I', Fl nth Regiment, Jau. It, 1- I 

24, 1863. 



lucent flral sergeant ; imi-t. Id Aag. 27, 1861, f-.r three years; 

mint. ...il Oct 7. 1-1.4 , trans, ii* Corporal fi'.in <_'o. B; sergeant Jan. 
i in-i wrgeanl May 1,1804. 

Di'l'iu-, Albeti 1... sergeant; mini, in Sept 20, 1861; corporal April 1, 
rgesnl Bept. 1, 1863; mu»t. onl Oct 7. 1804. 

niii-i. in Aug. 22,1861, for three years; must 

out Jnly 17, 1866 ; trans, as corporal from Co. F ; sergeant 

1805. 
Struble, I'.i. . .- , WTgeant; must in Btpt 20, 1801, fur three years; 

must, out Oct 7, 1804; oorp ...il gspl I. 1801; esrgeanl .May 1, 1804. 
Qrover, William N., sergeant; must in Bept 20, 1801, for tlin 

trans to Co D; ,1802; private Jau D, 1803; sergeant 

July I, 1803; re-eiil. Jan. 4, IMH; dlsch. Feu. 6, I860, It dlsablUly. 
ri , sergeant; must, in Bept 20, 1861, fur 

three years: dlsch. al Newport N.-v,-, Vs., Sept 24, I802,fordlaal Uity, 
Hi Danolds, J a - ■• rgeaut Bept 20, 1861; corporal Sepl i 

sergiaiit Muy .*., \*<-i-. pro. t" second lleuteuaut Co. D, Kit nth 

Regiment, Aug. 16, 1802; also Orel lleutonaul Co II, Fifteenth He^i- 

inint, Aug. ». 1803; also captain Co B, Man li ••, I0O4; dlsch. Dec. 

. 1 104, I. . nni ..i wounds received in action ut Bpottsylvaula, 

Vii. ; leg amputated, 

nit, ii.n-t in in 1801, for three years; dlscli. at 

United States arm) general hospital, Philadelphia, l\, . Dec ;■'. i>,.-, 

for disability. 
Jlj George - , sergeant; mutt, in Bept 20, 1801, for Ihree years; 

kill.d iii action ui Williamsburg, Va., Muy •, l-n;; luricd at Vork- 

lowu National Cemetery, Va. 
Newman, ' ml ; must in Bept J", 1061, lor tlireo years; 

dlsch. at hospital, Washington, D. i\, .Muy 20, 1002, i i dlsablUly. 
Courtrlght, Aaron, corporal; most in Sept 20, 1061, (or Uirei 

tun.-. t>. Co. D; corporal Dec. 1. 1862; re-eul. Jon. I, l-.-l ; traui to 

i ,i Res. • orps; them e .li" h. Jul) 
Gusilu, .Lu... - S, corporal; mast in Sept 20, 1861, lor tin. 

killed lu action at Wllllanisbarg, \..., May ... i-'.j; hurled ut Jfork- 

tow ii Katiunal ' lemetery, Va. 
Owens, James H., corporal; >t. in Bept. -1". 1861, r..r Uirei 

killed in action at Wllihuushurg, Va., Ma) i, 
S|su ■ , Ryerson, corporal ; m i Mil, ... ,, v , , 

ut Chcs i Hill United States army general hospital, Philadelphia, 

Pa., Aug. 20, 1003, «, ..i... i- received lu uctlou; corporal Hay 23, 

i -i j 
Wullun, Wlllium J., corporal ; must. luJun. 21, 1802; must out July 17, 
; liaus. as corporal imiuUo. A. 

yv/r.,1, .. 

Adams, George B, must in Sept 20, 1801 ; must, out Jul) 17 

A>.,-, go P., most In Sept 20, 1801; dlsch.at Fort HcHeury, Bal- 
timore, M.I., August, 1862, for dlaablity. 

it ..in. i. Albert II., iiiu-i in Bept .... i-'i . i.in-t out Oct. 7, 1864. 

Beemer, Ellis, must In Sept 20, 1861; must out Oct 7, 1804. 

Custerllue, James at, in Sept. i", 1881, l..r three yean; dlsch. at 

Budd's Ferry, Md . Jnne .'. 1862, for disability. 

i'..ur. il, Charles il , must in Bept. J", 1801 ; must oul Oct 7, IBM. 

'. l'. •iiin.nk i„t in Bept. 20, 1801, for three yean; recrslt; 

.I... I .,i typhoid fever al Budd's Ferry, Md., April 14, 1802. 

Dailoy, Michael, most, in Feb. 14, 1806, Rir tin 

Charles, must In Feb 26, 1804, i,.i three yean; recrull ; train. 

Dowltt, John, -i n. Bept 20, 1861, i-r tin i 

i lilted Stall llnl, Ship Point, Va , April 

Drake, Charles, must In Sept 20, 1801, foi Uiteeyean; dledol revel ..i 

i orry, Mi, April II, I- 12. 
Drake, William, must. In Sept 24, 1864, foi one year; mustonl Juue 
li. Flllb II. vim. ni . dla li. ut camp near 
tun, II. I '■ . . beedquarlers Army ..i Potom 

Dunn, Joseph, me ue year; must out Juue 4, 

i~' ijl i-eli. at camp near Washington, D. C, G 0. 

,n..,i. i- Irmj "I P ■! n.. i. . Ma) I 
|. ..I,.,, M || , ,,,, i ,,,,.., ,, | in . „,„.,,„„ j u i, 

17. I-.. . 

David It , most in Sept .«. 1861, r..i three yean , k. 

ii i Spotnylraula Court bouse, v., , Maj 

Foster, Stephen, musl lu Sept 20, 1801 ; must out Oct ;. i-. i 
Qnsl losepli 0, most lu Bept -•". leOI, i-r tin 

.Niaulk, N. .1 , .l.ui 20, 1- 



118 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Havey, Patrick K., must, in Feb. 21, 18G5, for three years. 
Hawkinson, David L., must, in Sept. 20, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1864. 
Hendershot, Peter, must, iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; disch. at 
Budd's Ferry, Md., June 8, 1862, for disability; re-eul. Co. D, Fif- 
teenth Regiment, Aug. 11, 1862: rejected at Camp Fair Oaks, Flem- 
ington, N. J., by mustering officer. 
Jagger, William N. (Sandyeton), must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; 

disch. at hospital, Newport News, Va., Sept. 24, 1862, for disability. 
Littell, Alfred B„ must, iu Sept. 20, 1S61, for three years ; died of chronic 

diarrhoea at hospital, Claysville, Md., Sept. 19, 1862. 
Malone, Janus, must, in Feb. 21, 1865; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Myers, Henry W., must, in June 7, 1862, for three years; recruit; miss- 
ing in action at Bull Run, Va., Aug. 29, 1802. 
McDanolds, Jacob, must, iu Sept. 20,1861, for three years; trans, to 

Co. D. 
Norman, John, must, in Feb. 22, 1862, for three years ; must, out July 

19, 1866. 
Pittenger, Thomas, must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; disch. at 

Budd's Ferry, Md., June 9, 1862, for disability. 
Rancher, Jesse, must iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years ; disch. at Con- 
valescent Camp, Alexandria, Va., July 8, 1863, for disability. 
Kodimer, Abrani H., must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; disch. at 

camp ou Lower Potomac, Md., July 13, 1862, for disability. 
Roe, John, must, in Oct. 13, 1861, for three years ; disch. at camp on 

Lower Potomac, March 21, 1862, for disability. 
Roe, Linn A., must, iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years ; disch. at general 

hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., March 16, 1863, for disability. 
Roseucruuz, John W., must, iu Oct. 17, 1861, for throe years; disch. at 

hospital, Fort McIIeury, Baltimore, Md., Aug. 7, 1862, for disability. 
Rancher, Jacob, must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; drowned off 

hospital-boat May, 1862. 
Shaffer, Moses If., must, iu 0-t. 17, 1861, for three years; disch. at camp 

on Lower Potomac, Md., June 2, 1862, disability. 
Spangenberg, Moses M., muBt. iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years ; disch. 

at camp on Lower Potomac, Md., March 10, 1862, disability. 
Spaogenburg, William, must, in Sept. 20, 186L, for three years; disch. at 

camp on Lower Potomac, Md., June 2, 1862, disability. 
Spargo, Abraham, must, iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years ; disch. at camp 

on Lower Potomac, Md., June 13, 1862, disability. 
Stivers, liarold L., must, in Oct. 11, 1861, for three years; disch. at 

United Stutes army general hospital, Newark, N. J., Dec. 8, 1862. 

disability. 
Stout, Nathaniel T., must, in Oct. 17, 1861, for three years; disch. at 

hospital, Fort Mcllenry, Md., Oct. 6, 1862, wounds received in action 

at Williamsburg, Va. 
Struble, Peter M., must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; disch. at United 

States army general hospital, Newark, N. J., Jan. 24, 1863, disability. 
Shay, Abraham H., must, iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; trans, to 

Co. D. 
Shoemaker, Thomas, must, iu July 31, 1862, for three years; trans, to 

Co. D. 
Spangenberg, Joseph, must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; trans, to 

Co. D. 
Schouiiover, Charles, must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; died of fever 

at United States army general hospital, Cliecseinan's Creek, Va., May 

18, 1862. 
Stewart, Alexander H. (Green), must, in Sept. 211, 1861, for three years; 

killed at camp Meridian Hill, near Washington, D. 0, Oct. 16, 1861, 

by accident; he was the first Sussex boy that was killed ; buried iu 

Green township, N.J. 
White, John, must, in Feb. 14, 1865, for one year; must, out July 23, 

1865; disch. at United States army general hospital, Fairfax Semi- 
nary, Va., May 3, 1865. 
Williams, Jacob, must, in Feb. 21, 1865, for one year; must, out July 31, 

1865; disch. at Ward United States army general hospital, Newark 

N. J., May 3, 1865. 

CO. C, SEVENTH INFANTRY. 
York, William I. (Vernon), must, in Sept. 2, 1804, for one year ; recruit; 
regularly disch. at Trenton, N. J., May 3, 1806. 

CO. E, EIGHTH INFANTRY. 

Brink, Peter, must, in July 19, 1864, for three years; must, out Sept. 17, 

1865. 

CO. n, EIGHTH INFANTRY. 
Hoffman, Elias (Lafayette), must, in Sopl. 6, 1801, for three years; must. 

out Sept. 21, 1864. 



CI. G, NINTH INFANTRY. 

Steward, Edward 0., must, in Feb. 24, 1864, for three years; must, out 
July 19,1865; recruit; trans, from Co. F. 

CO. E, NINTH INFANTRY. 

Amerman, William P., must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; re-enl. 
Dec. 20, 1803; must, out July 12, 1865. 

Cole, Ahnison, must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; must, out Dec. 7, 
1864. 

Cummins, Lorenzo D., must, in Sept. 20, 1S61, for three years ; must, out 
Dec. 8, 1864. 

Cole, Simon H., must, in Aug. 14, 1802, for three years ; recruit ; disch. at 
Beaufort, N. C, Dec. 9, 1862, disability. 

Decker, Andrew, must, iu Aug. 22, 1864, for one year; must, out June 14, 
1866; recruit; disch. at Greensboro', N. C. 

Decker, George M-, must, iu Fob. 27, 1864, for three years; must, out 
July 12, 1865; recruit; trans, from Co. H. 

Dickson, G. W. B., must, iu Feb. 24, 1864, for three years; recruit ; died 
at United States army general hospital, Philadelphia, Pa,, Sept. 23, 
1864, of wounds received in action at Drnry's Bluff, Va. ; buried at 
Philadelphia, Pa. ; trans, from Co. H. 

Elmer, Joseph N., must, in Sept. 20,1861, for three years; must, out Dec. 
8, 1804. 

Emory, Aaron S., must, in Feb. 20, 1804, for three years; must, out June 
24, 1865; recruit; trans, from Co. II; disch. at United States army 
general hospital, Fortress Monroe, Va., May 3, 1865. 

Emory, William, must, in Feb. 20, 1864, for three years; must, out July 
19, 1865 ; recruit; trans, from Co. II ; regularly disch. at Trenton, N.J. 

Feasler, Josepl ust. in Feb. 24, 1865, for oue year ; must, out July 12, 

1S65. 

Hines, Aaron P., must, in Feb. 25, 1865, for one year ; must, out July 12, 
1865. 

Hendershot, Obadiah (Newton), must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; 
disch. at Camp Olden, Trenton, N. J., Oct. 1, 1861, disability. 

Huff, John O , must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years ; disch. at United 
States army general hospital, Newark, N. J., Feb. 11, 1865, disability ; 
re-eul. Jan. IS, 1864. 

Hunt, Benjamin W., must, iu Sept. 20, 1801 ; died at Camp Olden, Tren- 
ton, N. J., Nov. 23, 1861. 

Kenigan, Patrick, must, iu April 11, 1865, for oue year; must, out July 
12, 1805. 

Kimball, David, must, in Sept. 20, 1801, for three years ; disch. at New- 
born, N. C, March 31, 1863, disability. 

King, Michael, must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; disch. nt New- 
born, N. C, March 31, 1863, disability. 

Kent, James, must, iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years ; re-eul. Jau. IS, 1864. 

Little, Joseph, must, iu Dec. 26, 1863, fur three years; recruit; trans, to 
Co. F ; must, out July 12, 1865. 

Maine's, William B., must, iu Aug. 14, 1802, for three years; must, out 
June 14, 1805; recruit. 

Marshall, Frederick, must, in Sept. 30, 1864, for oue year ; disch. at Greens- 
boro', N. O., G. O. 73, C. S. 1805, Department N. C. ; paroled prisoner. 

Moore, William, must, in Sept. 20, 1801, tor three years; re-eul. Jan. 18, 
1804. 

Newman, Jacob, must, in Aug. 26, 1802, for three years; recruit; disch. 
at Greensboro", N. 0., G. 0. 73 ; paroled prisoner ; must, out June 14, 
1865. 

Nichols, Henry (Newton .must, in March 12, 1864, for three years ; must, 
out July 12, 1866; recruit ; also iu Co. D, Twenty-seventh Regiment, 
fur nine months ; must, out July 2, 1863. 

Predmore, Thuodoio, must, iu Aug. IS, 1862, for three years; recruit; 
died of chronic diarrhoea at Balfour Uuited States army general hos- 
pital, Portsmouth, Va. ; buried at National Cemetery, Hampton, Va., 
Row O, Suction D, Grave 37. 

Reed, Nathaniel, must, iu March 7, 1864, for three years; must, out June 
9, 1866; recruit. 

Reed, William, must, in Sept. 20, 1861, for three yenm; must, out July 
12, 1805; re-eul. Jan. 18, 1804. 

Bobbins, Willium (Newton;, must, in >ept. 30, 1804, for three years; 
must, out Juno 14, 1805; disch. at Greensboro', N. C. 

Eyorson, Cornelius, must, iu Sept. 20, 1861, for three years; disch. at 
Newborn, N. C, Aug. 12, 1802, disability. 

Sawyer, William, must, iu April 8, 1S05, lor one year ; must, out July 12, 
1806. 

Sheridan, John, must. in Doc. 21, 1808, for three years; recruit; trans, to 
Co. F ; must, out May 20, 1805. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IN TIIF, WAR OF THE UFJiF.LLION. 



119 



Vim QordODi Alexander M., must, in Jan. 7, 1864, for three years; re- 
cruit; trims, to Co. II. 

Ward, Martin, must, in Sept 20, 1861, for three yean; tram, to . el Bi 
Corps Sept. 30, Mi); dlsch. thence Aug. 7, 180J; re-onl. Jon. 18, 

1804; must, out July 0, I I 

CO. A, TENTH INFANTRY. 
Thompson, John (Branch vllle), must In Dec, 24, 1863, for thrco yearn; 
mint out July 1, 1806; recruit. 

CO. I, TENTH INFANTRY. 

Johns Foseph (Bearer Bud), Diust. in Jan, 2, ImM, f..r three years; 

hum. out July 1,1806; recruit; trans, front Cu. C. 

CO. E, ELEVENTH INFANTBY. 
Van Orden, James J., must. In Aug. 18, 1862, for three years; trans, to 

Vet. Res. Corps A pill 20, ISli.",; iliseh. Hie 



emit; killed In action M Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1804; trans, from 

G». E, Second Begiment 
Matthews, James P.,corporal; must In Aug. 26, 18G2, for tin- 

■ t. out June 22, 1866; i rporal Jnni i 

Bmith, Stephen, wagoner; must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; t. 

out J • 22, 1866 

Hatliaway, James II., must In Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; must, out 
June 22, 18U6. 

Ueddangb, Bodewlne, must in Aug. 26, 1862, for Ibm 

l nlted States army general hospital, In ^.t Division, Alexandria, Va., 

.1 i 7, 1804, "I wounds received in action at Spottsylvanl 

house, Va,, Uay 12, 1864; buried at National Cemetery, Alexandria, 



CO. II, ELEVENTH INFANT TU 
Ayn\ Oliver, corporal ; must, in July 6, 1862, tor three years; trans, to 

Vet. lies. Cuip- Dec. 7, 1868 ; dlsoll. thence Oct 3, 1864. 
Fleming, John, corporal ; must, lu July D, lsn-2, for three years; killed 

In uctiou near Petersburg, Va., Jan. 16, IBM burleti at city First 

Nutiouui Cemetery, Vu., Section D, Division 1, Grave 1 17. 
Biker, Lambertj cori oral ; uinst lu June 17, lsh2, for three years; unist. 

out June I 
Itoilck, Erastus 11., corporal; must, in Aug. 0, 1802, for three years; 

trans, to Vet Bee, Corns July 1. 1803; dutch, Aug, 19, lbU4. 

Bltea, John J., corporal; DlUSt lu July .',, 1862, for three years; must, out 

June 14, 180.). 

I 
Brooks, Simeon, must In July 2, 1862, lot ii years; died of chroulc 

diarrhote al regimental lioepltal, near Falmouth, Va,, Feb. 1, 1863, 
Decker, Joseph L., must, in July 19, 1862, for three years; uinst onl 

June' . 
Fium-II, Timothy, mnst In July 19, 1802, for three years; must, out Jan. 

B, 18 

Grover, George, must in Oct 12, 1864, for one year ; sbseul in Uospltul; 

wounded starch 26, 1806, heioro Petersburg, Va.; trans, rrom Co. II. 
1 1 nil oho i, John, must in Sept. I, I so4, for three years; Dtust.uut Ma] 31, 

i > 1 1 dl i b, al i am | ii Wusblugtou, D. U., April 28, 1865, 

II 1 1 in, ge, must in July 6, 1802; must onl Jutted, 1805. 

Hoiinuiii, George, must In July 6, 1862, for three years; furloui 

Camp Parole, Annapolis, Bid., Ma 

Mackey, Joseph l;., mnst in July 5, 1802, for three years; must, out 

June M, 1806; dlsch, al Colnmhls ' oil d 81 iti umi general hos- 
pital, Washing! D. C, tluj I, 188 i 

Uoyera, Uurris, must in Sept 28, 1804, i ■ yeai . mnst. out June <'■, 

1806. 

Rikor, David A. (Ye t), must. In Julj 24, 1802, for three years; dl-ch. 

in vuleaceul Camp, Alqxuudria, Vil, Dec. 21, 1802, disability. 

bnutbard, William, must In July 6, 1862; stoutJiiuoi I I 

Bulllvau, limn, I, mnst. lu J 10, 1804, lor Uiree years. 

Sullivan, Vi ilium 1st in July 2, 1802, fui three years; dlsch. nt hospi- 
tal, Alexandria, in, Jan. 6, 1803, disability. 

Mnii, a io mo J., must. In June 20,1802, for three years; trans, to Co. 0, 
Twelfth Regiment 

South, 1 1. in}, must. In July 2, 1802, fot throe years; killed In action al 
| h Ilursvtllu, V« . ttoj :. 1803. 

Btrawuy, Samuel A,, eul. Tun.- II, l-ni, for il yoam 

Straway, Wlllltuu 11., eul. June 18, 1804, for three yours. 

II 111 KM II Bl -IMI NT 

Hulnce, Alauson A. (Hamburg , chaplalti; must, lu Aug. 23, 1802, ( ■> 

thtei roars , uiual i Ji 22, 1806, 

in r.iii it rvm INFANTRY. 
Ann Houtun, Johu P.,flra1 sergeant; must. In Aug 25/1862, fur three 

yi ii , killed la act u Spottaylvanin Courthouse, Vn., May 12. 

1804, liutiud at Nui ol Cvmolei |r, ] \ 

Uullory, James W.,sorgeaot; mot in Aug, 26, 1802, fot Ihrei 

■ergenutgeptlO, 1802; pru. to sergeant-ma 

lleutenaut Co. E, Aug 1,1866 Iran I I D,S« lulRvgi nt,Jiine 

.2,1-0.; uiustoutJul] 11,1806; c aplaln I .. O.Julj I 

not mustered. 
Chaidnv >j ne, 1 , corporal ; mnst in Ang. 211, 1861, fur three yean.; ro- 



Va. 
Oliver, William, must in Aug. 26, 1802, fur three years; killed in II 110 

at Cohi Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. 
Rutiin, John, must, in Auk. 26, 1802, for three years; killed in action nt 

Spottsylvonla Court-house, Hay 12,1804; trans, to Vet Res. Corps 

Sept. 1, 1803; re-enl. Jan. 28, 1804. 
Van Ktten, Juhii, bi. in Jan. 2. 1804, for three years; recruit; trans. 

to Co. 1', Si < 1 Regiment, June 21, 1806; mustoul Jul-. 

dlsch. at hospital, David's l-i.uni, New York Harbor, Uaj 1, I860 

Co. D, FIFTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Walker, J aim- (Newton), captain; must in Aug. 26, 1862, for three yoam; 

killed in action at Spultsylvaula Court-house, Uej 12, 1864 , burled 

ai Newton, N.J, 
Flint, Dayton E, Brat lieutenant; niimt. in Marcli 20, 1804, for three 

years; sergeant Co. ii; ih,.t lleutenaut, nw llalsey, promoted; pro. 

to captain Co. II, Doc. 31, 1804; must, out Join' 22, 1 866; battalion 

in. inn April 2, 1811 

fayette), firal sergeant; must In Aug 
i.n (breeyeura; sergeant July 24, 1802; Brat sergeant April 10,1801; 

pro. to secoud lieutenant Co. R, July J, 1804; also tirst lieuleiiaiit 
Co. C, Sept. IU, 1804; must, out June 22, I I 

Stoll, Marshall 11, iii-t sergeant; mnst. in Aug. 26, 1802, for tlin 

t. out June 22, 1806 1 corporal Aug. 2,1802; sergeant April 22, 

1803. 

Van Blarcom, Lowli Lafayette), Brsl sergeant; must in An. 

pro. to captain Co. C, Jan. id, 1803; dlsch. Dee. 16, 1804; leg ampu- 
tated from wounds received In action. 

Dnliim I, William, sergeaut; must in Aug. 26, 1862, bo three yean; dlsch. 
,11 Newark, N. J„ Feb. 21, 1866, disability. 

Gnndermnn, Peter 8., sergeant; must lu lug. 25, 1862, 1 

must out Jan. 22, 1806; corporal July 28 

Howell, George W., sergeant; must in Aug. j:,, 1802, for 111 years; 

must, out Jun. . , 1 ' corporal Oct 1. 1802. 

Lyon, Charles ''., sorgeanl ; must in -Aug. 26, I802,forthreoyei 
I 1. 11 1 - Ii, v.,.. Feb. 

Ilttenger, Willi - (SUIlwutei , sergeant; must lu 

three years; must t June 22, 1866 j corporal a.,. 

Terwllllger, Sylvester (Lafayette , sergeant; mnst. lu Aug. 26, 1802, fot 
throe yes 1 18, 1804, 

It] I . "l|". Ml .lull 2-. l-i 2. 

Vim Uhtrcom, Saninel Sparta), sergeant; must. In Ang 26, 1862, for tl 

I t.outJulj Uulj 1 ,0,1 iprll 

ii 1, 11 1 1 Red States army general buepltal, Newark, N.J., 
\i.u 1 nd n ij..n. 

William S.,corpoml; must In Aug. 26, 1802, for Ihn 
must, out Turn' 
Di I i must, in Is 1 .-ars ; ro- 

■1 .', ' Co 1 - on 1 Regiment, Juno 21, 1806; corporal Jan, 

1 1806; sal Jon. 22, 1-' i; must out Jul] 11. 1801 . 

ii , iiui-i in Aug. - ■. 1802, foi Ihn 
, ,1 While Oak 1 nun h, Va II 

In- -, Gee -1 In Aug. 26, 1 1 .. kllloil 

lu action at Bpottaylvaula Oourt-h Va , M...i 1 

Harris, Wilbur F., corporal; must Ii us; killed 

II >u al >i tttsy Ivonl 
Kallonal Cemetery, Fra lerlclohurg, v,,., DTvbdou 1 - 
204 . 
Keiiderahot, James, corporal ; nm.i. in Aug. 2ft, 1802, fot if. 
must oni June - 

j , mutt. 



120 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES. NEW JERSEY. 



Meier, Charles, corporal; must, in July 23, 1804, for three years; trans, 
to Co. I, Second Regiment, June 21, 1805 ; must, out July 11, 1805. 

Simmons, Sanford, corporal ; must, in Aug. 25, 1S02, for three years; died 
at Carver United States army general hospital, "Washington, D. C, 
June 1, 1804, of wounds received in action at Spottsylvania Court- 
house, Va., Way 12, 1864; buried at National Cemetery, Arlington, 
Va. 

Terwilliger, James H. (Lafayette), corporal ; must, in Aug. 25, 1S02, for 
three years; must, out June 22. 1S05. 

Emmons, Albert, musician; must, in Aug. 25, 1802, fur three years; disch. 
at Brandy Station, Va., Feb. 17, 1S04; re-elll. Sept. 5,1804, Co. M, 
First Cavalry Regiment, for one year; recruit; trans, to Co. F ; must, 
out May 25, 1805. 

Ervey, James B., musician ; must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; must, 
out June 22, 1865. 

Smith, Klbridge G., wagoner; must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; 
must, out June 22, 1865. 

Privates. 

Adams, Stewart B., must, in March 20, 1805, for one year; trans, to Co. 

I, Second Regiment, June 21, 1865; must, out July II, 1865. 
Ackerson, John, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; died at Fredei'- 

ick City, Sid., Aug. 6, 1803, of wounds received in action near Brandy 
Station, Va. ; buried at National Cemetery, Antietam, Md., Section 

II, Lot C, Grave 32. 

Ayres, Wesley M., must, in Jau.4, 1804, for three years; recruit; missing 

in action at Spottsylvania Court-house, Va., May S, 1804; supposed 

dead. 
Ackerson, William, must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years. 
Blair, Robert II., must, in Aug. 15, 1804, for one year; must out Juno 

22,1805; recruit. 
Burdett, Jacob 0., must, in Aug. 25, 1S02, for three years; must, out May 

17, 1865; disch. at United States army general hospital, Frederick 

City, Md., May 3, 1865. 
Blackford, Philip (Stillwater), must, in Aug. 15, 1S04, for one year; must. 

out June 7, 1805 ; recruit. 
Banket, Joshua D. (Frankford), must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; 

killed in action at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, 1803. 
Bowman, John (Frankford), must, in Jan. 10, 1864, for three years; re- 
cruit; died at David's Island, New Yolk Harbor, June 20, 1804, of 

wounds received in action at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1804 ; buried 

at Cypress Hill Cemetery, Long Island, N. Y., Grave 1215. 
Berry, Wisner, Jr., must, in Aug. 25, 1S62, for three years. 
Carmer, Albert L. (Lafayette), must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; 

must, out June 22, 1805. 
Coats, William (Lafayette), must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; must. 

out June 22, 1805. 
Chambers, George W. (Newton), must, in Dec. 21, 1803, for three years ;' 

recruit; disch. at camp near Brandy Station, Va., April 13, 1804 ; re- 
jected by medical board. 
Chambers, Robert B. (Newton), must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; 

died at United States army general hospital, Fort Schuyler, New 

York Harbor, Juno 28, 1864, of wouuda received in action at Cold 

Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. 
Decker. Alphetis (Stillwater), must, in Aug 25,1862, for three years; 

must, out June 2, 1865; disch. at Washington, D. C, May 3, 1865. 
Decker, Thomas (Stillwater), must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; 

must, out Jan. 22, 1865. 
Devoro, George, must, in Aug. 26, 1802 ; must, out May 0, 1805 ; disch. at 

Trenton, N. J., telegraph instructions War Department, A. G. 0., 

Washington, D. C, May 3, 1805. 
Decker, Andrew, must, in Jan. 4, 1864, for three years; recruit; disci), at 

camp near Brandy Station, Va., March 27, 1804 ; rejected by medical 

board. 
Demarest, Gabriel, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; trans, to Vet. 

Res, Corps March 15, 18(14; disch. July 31, 1805. 
Dormlda, Thomas (Lafayette), must, in Aug. 26, 1862, for three years; 

trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 2, 1865 ; disch. Juno 29, 1805. 
Decker, Leonard, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; killed in action 

at Wilderness, Va., May 0, 186*. 
Dickel son, James, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for threo years; died of measles 

at Emory United States army general hospital, Washington, D. C, 

June 10, 1803; buried at Military Asylum Cemetery, I). C. 
Dickersoli, William C, must, in Aug. 26, 1862, for three years; killed In 

action at Spottsylviiuia, Va., May 8, 1801. 
Drake, Benjamin, must, in Dec. 2U, 1803, for three years; recruit: died 

ol chronic dianliuMi at Biandy Station, Vu., Feb. 2-', 1804. 



Earl, George W., must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; must, out June 
22, 1865; corporal July 24, 1862. 

Emory, John (Stillwater), must, in Aug. 15, 1802, for three years; must, 
out June 0, 1865. 

Emmons, Robert, must, in Aug. 25, 1862. 

Fallin, George T.. must, ill Aug. 23, 1862, for three years; must, out Jan. 
22, 1805. 

Fredericks, Martin, must, in Aug. 25, 1S62, for three years; killed in ac- 
tiuu at Spottsylvania Court house, Va., May 12, 1864. 

Gray, James W., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years ; disch. Doc. 29, 
1S02, disability. 

Gray, John, must, in Jau.4, 1864, for three years; recruit; trans, to Co. 
C; killed in action at Spottsylvania Court-house, Va., May 12, 1864. 

Gray, Robert, must, in Jan. 4, 1804, for three years; recruit; trans to 
Co. C; disch. at Brandy Station, Va., March 25, 18' 4, disability. 

Guucher.John M., must, ill Jan. 4, 1804, for three years; recruit; died 
of disease at Brandy Station, March 24, 1804. 

Goble, Freeman C, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years. 

Hawk, Charles B., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; dish, at camp 
near Berlin, Md., July 17, 1803, disability. 

Kibbler, Jacob (Stillwater), must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; 
disch. at hospital, Newark, N.J., Jail. 3, 1805, disability. 

Howell, John 1'., must, in Jan. i, 1864, tor three years ; disch. at Newark, 
N. J., Oct. 20, 1804, disability. 

Hankiiis, Stephen (Wantage), must, in Jan. 4, 1864, for three years ; re- 
cruit; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 1, 1865; disch. thence Nov. 23, 
1805. 

Heudersliot, Andrew J. (Swartsuood), must, in Aug. 25, 1S02, for three 
years; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 30, 1803; disch. thence June 
26, 1865. 

Hall, Cornelius (Stillwater), must, in Jan. 4, 1804, for three years ; re- 
cruit ; trans, to Co. C ; disch. March 29, 1S04, disability. 

Hendeishot, Abraham, must, in Dec. 17, 1803, for three years; recruit ; 
died of diarrhoea at rebel prison, Danville, Va., Jan. 10, 1865; buried 
at National Cemetery, Danville, Va. ; trans, from Co A. 

Hcndershot, David, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; wounded 
and missing in action at Spottsylvania, Va., May 8, 1804 ; recorded 
at War Department as died that date. 

Hendeishot, James II., must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; killed in 
action at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, 1803. 

Hopkins, John, must, in Nov. 19, 1863, for three years ; recruit; died at 
United States army general hospital, Second Division, Alexandria, Va., 
June IS, 1864, of wounds received in action at Spottsylvania Court- 
house, Va., May 12, 1864; buried at National Cemetery, Alexandria, 
Va., Grave 2189 ; trans, from Co. A. 

liubbaid, John, must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; missing in ac- 
tt Spottsylvania, Va., May 8, 1864 ; supposed dead. 

Jervis, James N. (Lafayette), must, in Jan. 2, 1804, fur throe years; must 
out June 30, 1805 ; recruit ; regularly disch. at Camp Parole, Annap- 
olis, Md., April 28, 1865. 

Johnson, Abraham, Jr., must, iu Nov. 10, 186 1, Tor three years ; recruit; 
killed in action at Spottsylvania, Va., May 8, 1804 ; trans, from 
Co. A. 

Johnson, James, must, in Dec. 28, 1863; recruit; died of fever at hospi- 
tal, Philadelphia, Pa., July 6,1864; buried at Philadelphia. 

Kelly, Richard D., must, iu Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; must, out 
Jan. 22, 1865. 

Kelsey, William (Lafayette), must. ill Aug. 25, 1862, for three years ; must, 
out May 20, 1805 ; disch. May 3, 1866. 

Kithcart, Daniel W., must, in Jan.4, 1364, for three years ; recruit ; trans, 
to Co. C. 

Kowshay, Henry, must, iu Aug. 26, 1802, for three years. 

Labur, Johu S., must, ill Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; trans, to Vet. 
Res. Corps, Nov. 1, 1803; disch. thence July 6, 1865. 

Labar, Septima, must, in Aug. -5, 1862, for three years; trans, to Vet. 
Res. Corps; disch. thence Feb. 20, 1804, disability. 

Malolie, William, must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; disch. at Whito 
Oak Church, Va., March 22, 1863, disability. 

Siangan, James, disch. at United States army general hospital, Washing- 
ton, D. C, May 17, 1865, wounds received in action at Spottsylvania 
Court-bouse, Va., Slay 12, 1864; lost right arm; corporal April 9, 
1803. 

McGarvey, Thomas (Newton), must in Dec. 19, 1801; recruit; disch. 
near Biandy Slution, Va., April 13, 1864; rejected by medical 
board; trans, from Co. 11. 

Million, John M., must, iu Aug. 25, 1802, for threo years ; recruit; trans, 
to Co. 1, Second Regiment, June 21, 1805; must, out July 11, 1865. 



jjH. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IX THE WAR OF THE REBELLION 



121 



Mux well, Simeon F., must In Aug. 25, 1802, for thrco years; died ol u- 

phold level ,11 H bite < 'ik Church, Va . D . burlod 

hi National Cemetery, Fredericksburg, Division B, Section II, Crave 

410. 
Meeker, Austin, must. In Aug 21,1802, fui i „i win- 

'. Vo, No». 6, 1804, ol wound* r Ived In action at Cellar 

Or* i., va , n i 10, 1804 , barb I «l Null imiiCc tery, Wlni beater, 

Vi,., Lot 23, 
Moron, Jobn, mutt In Dei 31, 1803; reerall ; killed la actl id al 8] ■ 

Sylvauln Court-house, Ha) 12, 1804 
Mullen, I'utrlck (Stillwater), must, in Nov. 19, 1803, for three 

emit; killed In action al Bpottsylvunls Court-house, Vs., M;„ 12, 

l.-i,i , trans, from do, A. 
Kott, Hoiilocal, iiiu-i In Doc. 29, 1803, fur thro ai n raltj died of 

consumption al Audover, Slit bx Co., N. J., Juno 9, 1864, while on 

fijiluogb. 

I' 1 ■• re, Lyman I Lafayette), moat. In Aug 25, 1802, r„r three years; 

mil June 22, I88S. 
Portei Daniel A , must. In Ian. 4. 1804, for three years; recrnil ; Iran* 

to ''•■■ 0j dot I, in Brandy Slall in, Va., Uoich 20, 1804, disability. 
Pltllnger, William, most. In Aug. 24, 1-'.:. fortl lul chronic 

diarrhoea at Brandy Stall in, Va, March 6, 1804, 
Reed, Aliinz,., must in Aug. 28, 1802, for Hi years; trans, t" Vet Res. 

Corps Jan. 22, 1804 ; dun h. the July I I, 1805, 

K " 1 '. g« rfi, iiui-i. in Aug j i, 1802, i in three yearaj died uf chronic 

diarrhoea at gu ill luapltul, Wasblogl D. C, April I, 1804. 

Rogers, Josepli B., must In Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; dledal Dulled 

Slates army gi ml hospital, Fairfax Seminary, Va, Hay 20, 1664, 

of wounds i».nl in ii, ii., I, „t Spottsylvaula, May B, 1804; burled 

ni National Cemetery, Alexandria, Va . i;r..v.. 1910. 
Sonde -, John, must In Aug. 26, 1802, foi three years; dUch. at United 

States army general hospltul, Washington, D 0L, July 20, 1803 
Bhnrp, Isaac, musl in Aug. 2 years; killed iu action at 

Spoltsylvaula, v„ , >i„. 8, 1804 
SlikiT.Ai.il )M,iini.i ,,, ,\,i, ii,1802,foi ii,- yam 

phold revel al White Oak Chun b, Vs., Feb Ui ■ 
Buuok, Alexander J 1st lu Aug 25,1802, fui il yours, dlscb. at 

camp near White Oak Church, Va . Jan. 28, 1803, disability. 
Jouth, Jacob (Stillwater), must 111 Aug. 25, 1802, foi three years; must 

..ui June 22, 1 10 
Bjacc, Duvld, I LiuSept. 3,1804, for 0110 year; stout Jul; 

recruit; dlscb. nt Ward Dulled States army ge al hospital, New- 
ark, N. J, telegraphic lustrucliuu Wiu Depart nt.A.G 0.,Wush- 

iuKi D. ' ., May 3, 180 i. 

Space, James, musl I11J1 15, 1803, for three years; mast. MnyO, 

nit; dlsch. 111 Crouton, \ .i.,i. : Irnctlou Wai 

D I'.i 1 1. .•■ni, A. 0. O, Washing , D. C May 3, 1865. 

hallos J . must. In Aug. 2.5, 1-1. j, i... 1 y, ,, 

nut lllll United Slutesnrmy general bospltid, Philadelphia, Pa . Nut. 

27, 186.1; wuumls receive 11 Mr. 

Strafford, Samuel S st. Iu Deeembsi 31, 1803, for n 

ii' in Urau ' 31 ill iu, \ , . Man b 31, 1804; rejected by ill- 

nil buanl, 
Stuart, William, must In Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; dlsch. 

States arm] general hospital, Washington, I' C, Juue 10, 181 i 
Bti ack, Joseph W., must In Aug. 26, 1802, ror H years; ,li,-,l ,,f 

'M'l vei .11 While n,ik Church, March W. 181 I 

Brickies, Kiiiu r st in Aug 

8 ■'■• Alpl ■ .Stillwater) 1 In \u_- 25, i-,,-;, f,, r three years; 

IIIU-I "-III .1 - 

Bnttiin, John It , 1 iu In 

'"'<'■", Lewis 11 . : . . „ ,,„, .i, ni 

lerwllllgi ,. Ii, m 1, \,, ,. [soi; must oul June 22, 

White, Alexander 11 , musl In Aug. . 1, 1802; must, oul Juue - 

Ward, Thoronsuu, must Iu Aug. 8 ■. 1802, an 1 years; dl* 1, it camp 

" n VI 1, ii- Oak I':,.". I.. \.. , M.,i. 1, .., 1863, dlsabllltj 
Waller, Bcidnliiln J. F., niual In Aug 25, 1802, for Oil 

Vet "'•-• ''■•'I' s ' i 1 .". 1- 1 . dl* 1,. Ihence Jul] I 

Jul] 24, 1802, 
ffl 1 i". Watson, 1 n, Feb ID, 1 04, foi Ihri 

" in 1 1. - I Inn ut, Jum 1, 1805; 

BIUS1 July 11, 1865. 

CO. I, FIFTBBNTII INFANTRY. 
Hamilton, Ellis, capbiln ; must. In No* I, I8< I, ujl 11 

i 1 ""'""."' 1 Co.] in. 1 i„.,,t..,,„„i 1 

captain, 1 les Stout, 1, ilgued; dl, 1 „i 1 „, 
•J 



hospital, Georgetown, D. O, May 16, 1804, ,,f wounds n 

ttsylvanls Cuurt-h , Va., Ua) 12,1864. 

1 n), captain ; must. In Aug. 25, 1802, for three 

13, 1862; ro-enl. In Co. 11, Third Cavalrj Ri 
. 1804, 1... three yean; must In .1 
- >, regularly dlsch. at Treutun, X. J. .inly - 
1 hi. 6, 1804 ; private Aug. 1. 1804. 
Davl 1 benexer W, tii-i lieutenant; must In Aug. 2.1, 1862, I 

years; sec I lieutenant Co. B, Haruh 1-. 1863; u.-i lleuti n 

Shinier, pro. ; pro. to captain Co. A, July 3 1 I evot nudur, 

Oct 10 1863; m.i-r. oat Jum - 

lieutenant-colonel April . 

Ii,i», tii>t llenteuiuit; mustiu Aug.25, 1862, for tlir 

I 1. \, tug 28, 1803; klllnl in aclinu at Spottsylranl , 

Coiin-I so, V.i, Hay I-. 1864 ; buried on battle-field. 

Comings, James D. (Nowl , iu-i sergeant; must. In Aug. 25, 

three years; » - .,.,,1 1 1, \.,-;. ,„ , 

'" Brol h- 1, ..in .... a, Jul] . , 

1-1. 1; brevet major Ap il J. ISO . 1 t oul J 25 1 - 

Anders Chauncey It, first sergeant ; must, in Aug. 25, 1862, r..r three 

years; corporal May 24, l-'-l; iii>t sergeaut Aug. 1, 1804; pro. t 1 

I lieutenant Co. O, March 28, 1865; tmus. tot 1 - 
Regiment, .Tun.. 21, 1-, v , .,„. first lieutenant duly 10, Ii 
nnist; must out .Inly n, 1-1 .. 
Ross, Benjamin H., first sergeant; must.ih Aug. 15, 1802, for tin 
musl in Juue 22, I860; corporal Aug. 4, i>.u- - 
l-i. 1 ; lu-i sergeaut April 17, 1865. 
Colo, Jam.- I '.i M ; must. In Aug. 25, 1802, for three 

!"•■ tu ni -1 1, .111. 11. 11, t C •- II. July :;, 1804; also capl 
1), Feb. 11. 1805, rics Tunis, discharged; must onl Feb. 24, 1805. 
Johnson, Walter, sergeant; must In Aug. ..">, 1802, roi Uiree years; tii-t 
ml Jui.i ^ 1, 1802; Mirgeaut April 24, 1863 ; must, oul June 22 

King, Luduwlck II, sergeant; mnstiu Aug. 25, 1802, for three 

must, out .Iu.,. ,, Trenton, N. J., May 3, 1 

Kiutner, Murtlu (Stillwater), sergenut; must in \„. _ ,, 1862, Tor tl 

corporal Ma] 25, 1863; 

Sepl i 
''' 'ollll, - ■ mit; must, in Aug, 25, 1802, f,,r tlirt-e years; must 

■ mi Jim. jj, 1865; c ,r|».nil May i - ,, 1803 ; sergeant April r 
WoodralT.TI lore (Newton), sergeant; must in Aug. 25, 1 

loirnl Muni, 18, 1803; icrgeanl Ma] 26, 180-1; pi 

. uiil li, ut, -1111111. Co K, U 

1 I i; 11.1H-. to Cu. H, Second Regiment; com. Aral lieutenant July 

10,1806; must oul Jul] Ii, l-< 5 
Stuart, In, M., sergeant; must In Aug. 25, 1 ,,. ; „,„,,. 

""t J ■ 22, 1806; corporal Mu] 29,1864 

■ni; must, iu Ang _•',. 1802, nw tbn 

killed in action at Laurel Bill, V.,. May 8,1864; 1 irpora 

1862; -■ . 51 anl Ho] I ■. 186 I 
Audei K.i B.,curporal; musl In Vug. 25, 1862, foi throe years; died 

of chronic diarrhoea ..t regimental huspltal, uear Culpeper Cuurt- 

house, \'.i . Sept. 

Cantrell, Duvld (Newl corporal; must In Dec 16, 1863, f,,r three 

recruit; trans. 1.. . , 1 - , 1 1; t.Juno 21, 1865. from 

' * ' 1 " '■ I I 1,1865; sor| «ul 0o.K,( . ,,i,jii„.. 

Case, William H., corporal; must. In tug. 25,1862, for three years; dle.1 

J -.1-' i.i.i wound) iluu ,,t S|wtt>ylvaul 

house, Va, Unj 12, 1864; burled at Nal I Genu 1 

rporal; mnst In Ang. 26, 
lul typhoid fever .,1 reglmeutMl hospital, • 
Court-house, \ . ■ I arled -t National Oemett 

kahi 

corporal; most, in An. 

'■•' one lied ol 1 1 1. II 

suernl hospital, Baltimore, Md ; Irons from Ou 11 

ral; must Iu Aug. 25, 1862, for threo years; 
. ,. Hon .,1 Salem Ui Ights, Vs . M .. 
fllllam 11 N poral ; must In I 

Il >.„i-; nsorult; -11 ,i al Insaus Asylum, Washlngt 

1-,.., 

mast in Ang. i'.. 1802, f,.r thn-e years; 

mast "in J 

Drake, Nathaulsl, corporal; mast la U rear- re 



122 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



cruit; trans, to Co. E, Second, Regiment, June 21, 1S05; corpora) 
April 17, 11*05, from Co. D, Fifteenth Regiment. 

IHckerson, Manning F., corporal; must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three 
years; killed ill action at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, 1863. 

Drake, Ananias, corporal ; must, ill Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; died 
at United States army general hospital, Fredericksburg, Va , May 
17. 1S64, of wounds received in action at Sputtsylvania Court-house, 
Va,, May 12, 1864 ; disch. at United States army general hospital, 
Washington, D. 0, July 23, 1803, disability ; re-enl. Jan. 4, 1804. 

Feuner, Moses (Swartswood), corporal; must, in Aug. 25, 1862, fur three 
years; must, out June 24, 1805. 

Fritz, John K., corporal ; must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years ; killed 
in action at Spottsylvauia Court-house, Va., May 12, 1804; buried at 
National Cemetery, Fredericksburg, Va., Division B. Section C, Grave 
201; corporal March 18, 1S63. 

Green, Mahlon, corporal ; must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year ; must, out 
June 22, 1805 ; recruit ; trans, from Co. A ; corporal June 12, 1865. 

Bennett, Benjamin F., musician; must, in Ang. 25, 1802,fur three years; 
tratis. to Vet. Ees. Corps Feb. 15, 1804 ; thence disch. June 8, 1804. 

Van Etten, Levi, wagoner; must. in Aug. 25, 1802, tor three years; must, 
out June 22, 1865. 

McCai ter, James S. (Newton), corporal ; must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three 
years; must, out June 22, 1865. 

Vt'estbrook, Zeran S., corporal; disch at Klcmington, N. J, before mus- 
tered. 

Weed, William, corporal ; must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years ; died of 
diarrhoea at Andersonville, Ga., June 13, 1804; buried at National 
Cemetery, Andersonville, Ga., Grave 1955; corporal Feb. 28, 1863. 

Woodruff, William 0. (Newton), corporal ; must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for 
three years; must, out Jan. 22, 1S65; Bergeaut Aug. 1, 1&02 ; private 
Nov. 29, 1S02 ; corporal Aug. 1, 1864. 

Pi-u-ates. 

Bailey, John, must, in March 10, 1805, for one year; recruit; trans, to Co. 
E, Second Kegiment, June 21, 1S05, from Co. D. 

Baker, John, must, in Sept. 16, 1864; recruit; trans, from Co. A, and to 
Department of Northwest, March 18, 1865; disch. thence June 27, 
1865. 

Bennet, Nicholas V., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years. 

Beach, Charles D. (Newton), must, ill Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; disch. 
at general hospital, Newark, N. J., March 7, 1805, disability. 

Coursou, John E., must, in Aug. 26, 1802, for three years ; disch. at gen- 
eral hospital, Washington, D. C, Jan. 28, 1864, disability. 

Cole, Nelson L., must, in Jan. i, 1804, for three years; recruit; trans, to 
Co. E, Second Regiment, June 21, 1HI.5; must, out July 11,1865. 

Drake, William II., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; must, out June 
22, 1.-05; corporal Oct. 1, 1864, private Feb. 1, 1805. 

Dielil, Lewis, must, in Sept. 28, 1804, for one year; must, out June 22, 
1805 ; recruit ; trans, from Co. B. 

Decker, William 11., must, in March 10, 1865, for one year; recruit; trans, 
to Co. E, Second Regiment, June 21, 1865, from Co. B ; must, out July 
11, 1865. 

Drake, John, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; trans, to Co. E, 
s md Regiment, June 21,1865; must, out July 11,1805. 

Decker, Theodore F., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; disch. at 
Convalescent Camp, Alexandria, Va., Aug. 22, 1803, disability. 

Fox, John M. (Newton), st. in Mulch 10, 1S68, for one year; recruit; 

trans, to Co. E, Second Regiment. June 21, 1865; trans, from Co. D., 
Fifteenth Regiment; corporal June 22, 1865; must, out July 11, 
1865. 

Gordon, Stephen W. (Newton), must, ill Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; 
must, out Jan. 22, 1865. 

Giindonnun, John S., must, in Aug. 25, 1802 ; killed in action at Spottsyl- 
vauia Court-house, Va., May 12, 1804. 

Gundermau, Austin, must, in Aug. 25, 1K02, fur three years; died at 
United States army general hospital, Jau. 1,1804, of wounds received 
in action at Spottsylvauia Courl-houae, Va., May 12, 1864. 

Guy, Peter, must, in Aug. 26, 1802, for three years; died of general de- 
bility at regimental hospital, near While Oak Church, Va., March 9, 
1803. 

Heuileisliot, Jacob 0., must, in Aug. 25, 1802; must, out Juno 22, 1866. 
llolulin, Randall 1)., must, in Aug. 22, 1805 ; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Hull, (. gu V, must, in Aug. 25, 1802; must, out June 22, 1805. 

Hull, Thomas II., must, in Sept. 20, 1804, for one year; must, out Juno 

22,1865; recruit; trans, from Co. II. 
Hendorshut, Henry J., must, in Jan. M, 1864, for threo years; recruit; 



trans, to Co. E, Second Regiment, June 21, 1865; must, out June 28. 

1865 ; disch. at general hospital, Newark, N. J., May 3, 1805. 
Hughes, Arthur, must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year; trans, to Co. B, 

Fourth Regiment, Jan. 28, 1865 ; must, out June 22,1865; disch. at 

Hall's Hill, Va., May 17, 1865. 
Hotalen, Andrew, must, in Aug. 26, 1802, for three years ; killed in action 

at Opequau. Va., Sept. 19, 1864. 
Hotalen, William li., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; died of gen- 
eral debility near White Oak Church, Va. 
Hardick, Lemuel, must, in Ang. 25, 1862, for three yeais ; recruit; trans. 

to Co. E, Second Regiment; must, out July 11, 1865. 
Johnson, David, Jr., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years ; trans, to Vet. 

Res. Corps iNov. 15, 1863; died at Elmira, N. Y., Jan. 30, 1804. 
Johnson, Gilbert S., must, in Sept. 28, 1864, for one year; recruit; trans. 

to Co. K ; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Kelly, James P., must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; must, out June 

22, 1805; corporal Nov. 29, 1862; private Feb. 23, 1864; corporal 

April 27, 1864 ; private Sept. 26, 1864. 
Kinsella. Charles P.,must.iu Ang. 25, 1862, for three years; pro. hospital 

steward March 18, 1803; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Lundon, Henry, nniBt. in Aug. 25, 1862 ; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Leiz, William H., must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; disch. at Flcm- 

ington, N. J., Ang. 25, 1802, before mustered 
Laugdon, Joseph, must, in Dec. 14, 1803, for three years; recruit ; trans. 

to United States navy, April 8, 1864 ; trans, from Co. A. 
Lautz. Ohadiah P., must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years ; died of chronic 

diarrhoea at Finley United States army genera] hospital, Washington, 

D. C, Feb. 19, 1863. 
Lish, William H., must, in Dec. 29, 1863, for three years; recruit; killed 

in action at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1804. 
Lnsey, Peter, must, in Ang. 25, 1862, for three years; died of chronic 

diarrhoea at United States army general hospital, Annapolis, Md., 

Dec. 20, 1864; buried at Annapolis, Md. 
Markey, James, must, in Aug. 25, 1802, Tor three years ; disch. at camp 

near Brandy Station, Va?, Dec. 22, 1863, disability. 
McDongall, James, must, in Aug. 25, 1862 ; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Moore, David, must, in Ang. 25. 1862 ; must, out June 22, 1805. 
Miller, Edward, must, in Aug. 25, 1862, for three years; trans, to Vet. 

Res. Corps March 15, 1S04; disch. thence Aug. 14, 1865. 
Manderville, David, must, in Ang. 25, 1S62, for three years; died of diar- 
rhoea at Danville, Va , Feb. 19, 1865 ; buried at National Cemetery, 

Danville, Va. 
Manderville, William H., must, in Aug. 25, 1802 ; died of chronic diar- 

rhoea at First Division, Sixth Army Corps, field hospital, Windmill 

Point, Va., Feb. 11, -1863. 
Ogilen, William A., must in Aug. 25, 1802, for threo years; disch. at divi- 
sion hospital, Alexandria, Va., April 7, 1803, disability. 
Padgett, John D. (Andover), must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years ; must. 
, out Aug. 23, lr.05 ; disch. nt United States army general hospital, Phil- 
adelphia, Pa, May 3, 1865. 
Padgett, William W. (Andover), must, in Aug. 23, 1802, for three years; 

must, out June 22, 1805. 
Ryerson, Richard 0., must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for three years; must, out 

June 27, 1805 ; disch. May 12, 1865; paroled prisoner. 
Richardson, William (Newton), must, in March 16, 1864, for one year ; 

recruit; trans, to Co. E, Second Regiment, Juno 21,1865 ; trans, from 

Co. D; must, out July 11, 1805. 
Savercool, Nathan W, must, in Aug. 25.18C2, for three years; must, out 

June 22, 1865. 
Stalter, Lewis, must, in Jan. 4, 1804, for three years; recruit;. trans, to 

Co. E, Second Regiment, June 21, 1865; must, out July 11, 1865. 
Stuart, Charles B. (post-office clork), must: in Dec. 10, 1863, for three 

years; recruit; trans, to Co. E. Second Regiment, June 21,1865, from 

Co, A ; must, out July 11, 1865. 
Shay, Ephraim, must, in Aug. 25. 1862, for three years; disch. from 

United States army general hospital, Alexandria, Va., June 7, 1805, 

wounds received in action ; corporal July 29, 1862 ; private March 

18. 1863. 
Space, John D,must. in Aug. 25, 1862; disch. at United States army gen- 
eral hospital, Ceotial Park, N. Y , June 14, 1865, wounds received in 

action ; right thigh amputated. 
Stratton, Guthrie, must, in Aug. 25,1802, for three years ; recruit; disch. 

at camp near Brandy Station, Va, March 27, 1804, disability. 
Van Etten, Daniel (Deckettown), must, in Aug. 25, 1802, for throe years; 

disch. at United States army general hospital, Second Division, Alex- 
andria. 1'a, Aug. 22, 18'. ; 4, wounds received in action at Cold Harbor, 

Va., June 1, 1864; right arm amputate I. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



123 



W Sober, John, mnst in Oct. 4, 1804, for one year; recruit; train. to Vet 
Bet. Corps March 18, 18oT,; train, from Co. E, Thin] Cavalry Regi- 
ment. 

K llllams, Jacob M., must in Aqg. 2.*.. 1862, fur time jean; died of fever 
hi lulled .suitcn urniy general hospital, Potumac Creek, v«., May 14, 
1803; burled at National Cemetery, Fredericksburg, v., 

Waiuright, James n .nni-i. In Ang.25,1862; dlsch. al Philadelphia, Pa., 
June 16, 1886, wounda received In action at Cedar Creek, Vs., Oct, 
18, 1864. 

Webber, John, mini 1 1,1864,1 rnlt; trane. to Vet 

ItcM. Corps March 18, 1806, Irom On. E, Third Cavalry Regiment 

Voumune, George \v., enrolled Aug I. 1862 

CO. K, FIFTEENTH IHFAHTBT. 

Bdsnll, William K., captain; st In Feb. 1, 1863, for tl years; Orel 

lieutenant Aug. IS, 1862; captain, rice Edsall, roe.; n - Julj 3, 1864, 
Hamlll George W, captain; must. In Ang. 26, 1864, for llirei 

r.-i. Nov. 13, 1862. 

1 . ■'■ *n i. . in I irgcant; must In Aug. 25, 1802. for thn 

»'• oiil June 10, 1866; sergeant Ang. 15, 1862; Ural ■■ rgeanl 8epl 

28, 1861; regularly dlecb. ul Trenton, M J., Ma) ;|, 180 I, 

Van Gilder, Martin 0, lit-t sergeant; must, In Aug. 25, 1862, 
years; died nl Fredericksburg, Va., Ha) 16, 1804, id wound 
in action ai BpottsylvaiilH, \ .. . Hay 8, I — ■ l a , 

f tain, Eduin C, tergeuiit ; mnat. In Aug. 26, 1802, for three years; 

niii-t ..in Jan, 22, 18115; mr] im i ., I- 2; sergi sul Oct-6, 1804 

llulden, Abljali M., sergeant ; st. in Aug. 26, 1802, for three years; 

mint, out June 22, 1806; coriioral Aug. -J."., 1802; sergeaut Oct. 6, 
I8M. 

Bwnyze, Israel, sorgeanl ; mnsl, in Auk. 25, 1802, fur th ycai 

dlarrhoBunl Danville, Vn. t March 4, I860; burled at National Ceme- 
tery, Danville, Vs.; corporal Aug 0, 1802 ; sergeant April 22, 181 I 

Williams, Floyd K fFrnukrord), sergeant; st. In Aug. 25, 1802, for 

tine.- years; quartet maatereergeanl Ant. 26, 1802; private April 14, 

srgoanl Ocl I, 1863; Orel sergeant May 20, 1804; pn 
lieutenant Co. n, Sept in, 1804; dlsch, Dec IT, 1804, disability. 

W l,Hon n.,eergeanl; mustlu Aug 25,UG2,foi n j u 

i" Vet. Bos. Corps 8ept 1, 1863; dlsch. Ihem a as Brat sergi 


Drov ii, < liil.--.il H., corporal; mint, in Aug. 26, 1862, lor thri 

killed in action at Fisher's Hill, Va., Sept. 22, Isiil; corporal Uarcl 
) i -. 

Bellow, Jacob (Hamburg , corporal; must in Aug. 25, 1802. for three 
years; mnsl oul June 22, 1806; corporal April 28, Ibttl; trans to 

Vol Re*, Corps [for, I, 1803 ; leturucd !•• c pen) March 2, 1805. 

David, corporal ; must in Aug, 26, 1862, foi three years; must, 
oul .loin ■ 22, [865; corpond ft t. I, 1864. 

''.'-nK, James, corporal • mnsl In lug 26, 1862, fur thn rears; died at 
' i States army geueml hospital, Fredericksburg, Va., May 22, 

1804, "I wouuds i Ived In action al Spotteylraiila Court- so, 

Va., May u. 1804; corporal Sep! 12, 1862. 

Fowler, Henry M (Franklin), corporal ist In Ug.S i,1862, Eir ill 

mil lieutenant Co, Q, Jan. 1 I, 1861: also • sptalu Ou 

A,. Inn. 31, 1806; mnsl, June ' 

Di >!»;.• 0-,corpoml; must In Aug 28, 1802, foi H years; 

»t "ill .Inn. 8,1 I i 

i ■ i n 1 1. 1... i. .Ii ii N.,corpural ; iiitiat, in Aug, 25, 1802, foi throe yean : must. 

out Jan. 22, 1866; cor| .1 .Inn i, i.-ni 

Brluk, ge W., wag ir; must in Ang 26, 1862, Tot Hires years; 

inn. I i. nl Juue - 180 

B.ibcoek, Bortltol w, must In Aug 24, 1802; must, out June i 

Baylos, John, must In Auk. it, 1862 , must oul June 

Bowman, Alfred, must In Aug. ! ., 1862; must. 1.111 .1 1 

Byram, Isaac, must. In Aug. 26, 1862, for Hi yoars; killed In a. tl m al 

CedarG k, > led ut National O lory, Win- 

chester, Va., Lot 64. 

fh ». George at. in March I, IsiO, for year; recruit ; tmn». to 

1 C, thence to Co. D, Second tieglnieut, Juuo 21, 1806; mint oul 
Jtll) 11, 1806. 
I annul,. Joseph, lllll-l. In Aug, 21, 1862; mu-t .ml Jail 

Eniykondall, Daniel I.., in Aug. 26, 1802, foi II 

cbronro diarrhoea at Andorsonvllte, i.n , Sept. 0, 1864; buried at 

National Cc t . . v . ludi , . mvllli . .. , 

i i. must, in Aug. 25, 1862, tut tl years. 

Congloluii, J.ilin, must. In Aug 25,1802,1 in 



r, must. In Sept. 13, 1854, for one year; must oul J i 22, 

nilt; ti nun. from Co. I to regiment 
Cook, Richard, must in Aug 26, 1802, foi 111 re. yean; dlsch. at gen- 
eral hospital, Annapolis, Md_, Jan. 28, 1804, diaanUlty, 

Vodrew, must In Ang. 26, 1862, fin three yean; killed In action 
| n rk, \,i . ii i 19, 1864. 

Daveujiort, I utoD.,musl In lug. 28, 1802,101 three years; most. out 

1865; corporal Jan 1, 1805; ■ rgeant Feb. 1, 1865. 
Decker, James I . must in Oct 0, 1863; must, oul June 22, I".'.. 

Bverm Hiram (Franklin), must, in Ang. 25, 1862, for tin 

tram, to Co. K, First Cavalry Regiment, Bept 10, 1862; most, out 
May 81, 181 ; regular]] discb. al camp ueai I I .ml'. Hills, Va , Hay 

Fowler, Albert G. (Franklin), must in Sept 1-', 1861, for three years; 
must out Aug, 31, 1804; train, from Co. K, First Cavalry Begi- 

Ilielll. 

Fowler, John P list In Ang. 25, i ,,. ; pro. sergeant- 

I oi Aug 26, 1802 ; killed in action al Frederli I, 

i I 

mem; dlsch. Mm. I. I, 181 2 
Hough, benjamin M., mum. In Auk. 25, 1862, f..r Hue,, years ; killed in 

action nl Spottsylvanlu Court-house, Vo., May 12, I8G4; trans, from 

Co. II Sept. I, 1863; also toOu. I. 
Banded, George E , must In Jan. 30, 1864, r..r nine montlis; must out 

Oct. 30, 1804 ; private Ou. II, Twenty-seventh Beginieut. 
Hnnklns, William, most in Ang. 26, 1862; must. oul June 22. 1886. 
Il.iuaiih. Eli, niii-t in Sep! -7,i-i I. i le year; mnat out Juno 22, 

1806; mil: Iran-.. I i Oo. A. 

Hordlck, Nelson 8., st in Aug. 26, 1862, for three years; recruit; tram. 

i" ' '■'. i , > i Regiment 

Johnson, Joseph, must, in Sept 6, 1804, for one year; recruit ; died of 

typhoid fevernl [lulled States army genera] hospital, Baltimore, Ud . 

Dei 8,1864; bnried at London Park National Cemetery, Baltimore, 

Md. ; Iran-, fiom Oo, A. 
KJnner, Asa 0. (Newton), mnst. In Aug. 26, 1802, fir lb 

tu Vet. Bee. Corps .Ian. 1, 1805; dlsch. thence Ang 
Kent, Lewis I ... mnst lu Aog. 26, 1862, foi thn In mil in 

ai S|antaylvaul.i Court-house, Va., Ma) 12, 

1862 

Knapp, John, mini in Dec. 22, 1863, for tl yean; n 

Locy, Juntos, inn -i In Aug 26, 1862; must oul June 22, 1806. 

l.n raw, Willis >i.iii Aug. 25, 1862 ; must. oul June 22, 1866; recniit. 

Mullery, Joseph P., must. In Sept 10, 1804, for three years; most out June 

22, 1806; recruit 
Miles, William C, mint, in Oct. 0, 1804, for i 

impany. 
O'Leary, D mnst. In Aug. 25. 1862, for ill years; ill.-d 

at I glass United States army general hospital, H 

.May 11, 1861, ol » ..mill- i -. . -iied In action al anient Church, Va , 

May 3, 1803; buried nl Military Asylum Cemetery, D. C ; thence 

tram, to Newt V J , Catli die Oemetery. 

Piltengei, John (8tlllwatei l, must, hi I -iircc years; trans. 

to Co. II. Second Begin t, June £1, 1866; mnst. onl J | 

dlsch. ai Hall's Hill. Vs., June 20, 1806. 
| dure, iiiu-i in Auk. 25, 1862, t,.i ii.i 
Paddock, Isaai . mnsl In I eb '-' >. 1864, for thn 

i "• ll, - I llogi ut, June 21, Im^'.; must July II, 1 

. mint, mil June 

Bandall, Jn - W, (Newton), mnat. in Man l> it. imv., f,.r one - 

. ...it ; trans, tu On. II, Ihem ■-»•■«- June 21, 

1806; t irporal Juue 22, 1866; mnst. out July II. It 

- Illwater), mast In Ang 25, 1802, f-.r three 



II I, John S . mnat. In Sept 3, (864, for on 

181 mil Irans. I 

Pa , Ms 
Van Biper, Frederick ut in Auk. 25, 1862, lui Ihl 



i year; recruit; 



Jun 



- ; mnst. .mi 



m, William P. -i In \ 

nl camp neat Fairfax iv.urt lionaa, v.. , Jnue 21, ING3, dlmblllty. 

i.irs; klll.il lii iv- 
ti t Salt in ' liurcli, v 

Wilson, Geoixe 1^ must In Ang 21, 18T2, foi three) 
must; rejected Ii) mnatarlug officer, 

Walker, Tin n Inil-t lli.li 1. | ■„,,. ,.,,., i; 

Vuuughonar, Willis > lu Jul. 



124 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES. NEW JERSEY. 



Co. H, Second Regiment, June 27, 180."i ; must, out July 11, 1805 ; ser- 
geant Juno 24, 1S04 ; first sergeant July 1, 1865. 

CO. H, FIFTEENTH INFANTRY. 
Derkin, Charles (Stanliope), must, in Aug. 25, 18G2, for three years; ilisch. 
at United States army general hospital, Newark, N. J., June 3, 18C5, 
for disability. 

TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY. 

Nine Mouths' Service. 

Field mid Staff. 

Smith, J. Kearney, adjutant; com. Oct. 9, 1802; pro. from captain Co.K; 

res. Dec. 22, 1802. 
Faull, John (Lafayette), chaplain; must, in Oct. 14, 1802, for nine 
months; must, out July 2, 1803 ; re-eul. as chaplain of Thirty-third 
Regiment Sept. 5, 1803, tor three years; must, out July 17, 1805. 

CO. A, TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY. 
Fernald. Challes F., captain : must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803; re-eul. Sept. 2, 1SG3, aB captain Co. M, Second 

Cavalry Regiment, for three years; must, out Nov. 1, 1805; com. 

major Oct. 24, 1805; not mustered. 
Snover, Thomas, first lieutenant; must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months ; res. Dec. 20, 1 802. 
Pettit, Robert M. (Stillwater), second lieutenant ; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, 

for nine months; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Decker, Paul, sergeant ; must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must. 

out Jul.! 2, 1803. 
Fuller, John B., sergeant; must. in Sept. 19, 1S02, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Losey, John, Jr., sergeant; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Allen, Samuel (Green), corporal; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Corlleyou, William (Newton), corpoial; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months ; must, out July 2, 1803. 
Down, Rusling, corporal; must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Depue, William W., corporal; must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Myers, Archibald (Stillwater), corporal ; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

mouths; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Space, Heliryj corporal ; must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Transue, Mahlon M., corporal; must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Yought, Andrew G. (Stillwater), corporal ; must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for 

nine months; disch. at United States army general hospital, Newark, 

N. J., June 19, 1803, disability. 
Calvin, John N. (Newton), musician; must, iu Sept. 19,1862, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Ilendershot, John B. (Swartswood), musician ; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for 

nine months; must, out July 2, 1803. 

Allen, David H. (Green), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must. 

out July 2,1863. 
Allen, Gcrshom C. (Green), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; muBt. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Bennett, Sedgwick R. (Green), sergeant ; must, in Sept. .9, 1802, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1803; re-eul. as first lieutenant Co. A, 

Thirty-uiutli Regiment, Oct. 1, 1864. 
Boyd, Matthew (Green), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must. 

Mil July 2, 1863. 
Buyden, Watson (Green), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2,1863. 
Bunnell, William (Flalbrookville), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

mouths; must, out July 2,1803. 
Clawsou, John II. (Green), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 180.;. 
Cortloyou, John s. (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Crowcll, Samuel M. (Branchville), must. In Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1803. 
Com, Morris (Frankfurt!), must, in Sept. 19,1802, for nine months; trans. 

to Uu. C .Ian. 31, 1863; hospital steward Sept. 19, 1862; private Jan. 

1, 1863; must, out July 2, 1863. 



Courtright, Samuel (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months; died of typhoid fever at Emory United States army general 

hospital, Washington, D. C, Nov. 27, 1862; buried at Military Asy- 
lum Cemetery. 
Cunningham, William H. (Andover), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

mouths ; must, out July 2, 1803. 
Decker, Samuel (Sparta,, must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Depue, John (Walpack). must, in Sept. 19, 1S02, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Darrone, Cornelius A. (Walpack), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months; drowned while crossing Cumberland River, near Someiset, 

Ky., May 0, 1803; bulled at Mill Spring National Cemetery, Logan 

Cross-Roads, Ky., Section D, Grave 111. 
Dickson, Andrew (Walpack), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

drowned while crossing Cumberland River, Ky., May 0, 1803; buried 

at Mill Spring National Cemetery, Logan Cross-Roads, Ky., Section 

D, Grave 109. 
Depue, Matthew E. (Vernon), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Dennis, John (Hampton), must in Sept. 19, 1S02, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Emery, George (Walpack), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

drowned while crossing Cumberland River, Ky., May 0, 1803; 

buried at Mill Spring National Cemetery, Logan Cross-Roads, Ky., 

Section D, Grave 115. 
Earl, Juhn (Stillwater), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Fuller, Jason K. C, must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months ; must, out 

July 2, 1803. 
Fuller, Theodore M„ must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must, out 

July 2,1863. 
Fields, Henry I). (Stillwater), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1801. 
Ferris, Harrison (Stillwater), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Fisher, John B. (Stillwater), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Gilleland, Thomas (Newton), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Gunn, John D. (Walpack), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Haney, Josiall (Walpack), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, fur nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Hartley, George C. (Walpack), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Hill, Andrew G. (Stillwater), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Hortou, Eli, must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, fur nine months ; must, out July 2, 

1863. 
Hough, Stephen H, must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must, out 

.Inly 2, 1803. 
Hull, Alpheus G., must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2,1803. 
Hunt, llavid, must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must, out July 2, 

1863. 
Ilendershot, George (Swartswood), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months; disch. at United Slates army general hospital, Washington, 

D. C, Fob. 15, 186.1, disability. 
Hamler, Andrew (Andover), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Harker, James M. (Stillwater), must, iu So].t. 19, 1802, fur nine tnunths ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Heater, Ira W. (Newton), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Hunt, David, must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must, out July 2, 

1803. 
Jaggor, Anson A. (Sandystou), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1803 
Jones, Arthur (Sandystou), must, in Sept. 10, 1802, for nine months; (lied 

of disease at United States army general hospital, Washington, 

D. C, March 1,1803, buried at Military Asylum National Ceme- 
tery, D. C. 
Johnson, David L. i Stillwater), must. In Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Lambert, Israel C. (Green), must, iu Sept. 19,1802, for nine months] 

must, out July 2, 1863; re-olll. private Co. E, Second Cavalry Kegi- 



SI'SSKX AND WAKKKN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



1 1:> 



■ ii,-, 

ull I, 1803. 
u months; 



Dioutbs; 



m. mill. ; 



nienl, Sept 24, 1864, for one year; must, out June 29, I8C0, regulurly 
,ii-, h. hi VIcksburg, Mis<, May r, [866 

Major, Jolm V. (Sandyslnli), mint, ill S.-[.t. l'J, hi:, fin nine muiths; 

matt, "iii July 2, 1803. 
M. ii Id, Levi [Sandyston), must in S>pt 19, 1802, fi»r nine mouths; niust. 

"lit July 2, 1803. 
Miller, II, -my II. (Stillwater), mast in S,.pt. 10, l>'i-'. tor nine months; 

mint. ,,ni July 2,1803. 
Owen, Jiic.il. S. (Green), must in Sept, In. 1802, for nine months; must. 

OUl July 2, 1868. 
Owen, Themlore N. (Groon), must. In Sept 19, 18112, fi.r nine months; must 

,,nt July J, lir.l. 
Potter, ThamjM (Stillwater), must. In Sept. in, 1802, fin nil 

must onl July 2, 1863; corporal Bept. :i, lsr.j ; private Ha 
'. , Ilium W. (Green), must. -In Sept. 19, 1862, lor nil 

must mil July 2, 1863. 

most In Sept 19, 1862, for ul mths; must 

ont July 2, 1803. 
Used, Augustine, must. In Sept. 19,1802, for nine months; must, out July 

H., must In 8ept 19, 1862, for nine months; stout July 

2, 1863. 
Km, I. John \V., must, iu Sept. 19, 1M0J, fnr nine months; must, out July 

2, 1863. 
Bliovor, Henry D. (Stillwater , st In Sept. 19, 1862, fi.r nil 

must, mil July 2, 1803. 
Shnjr, Watson J. (Sandyston), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nl 

must "lit July 2. 1863. 
Sllcox, Joseph (Sandyston), must in Sept. 19, 1802, r,,r nil 

dlscu.al b*luley United States army genera] hospital, Washlngtoit, 

I) C„ Feb. 16, 1863, disability. 

I rge A. (\Valpack), must in Sept 19, 1802, for nine months; 

drowsed while crossing Cumlierlaud River, Ky., May 6, 1863. 
Bnydor, Isaac (Stillwater), must iu Sept 19, 1862, foi nlno months; most 

"in July 2, 1803. 
Steel, Robert W. (Green), must Iu Sept 19, 1862, r.,r nine months; must 

July 2, 1803. 

Stiff, ArchlMd R. (Greeu), st, in Sept 19, 1S02, for nine mouths; 

must "in July 2, 1863. 
Mil, in, \M, hi, eld Green . must In Sept 19, 1802, fur nine ntlis; 

must "in July ', i t 
Tillman, Nicholas (Walpa k), mnsl In Sep! 19, 1862, tor nine months; 

hi. ,,ut July 2, I-,,:;. 

Wlldrick, Fredorlek M ist in Sept 19, 1862, fin nlue n ths; must 

.nil July 2. 1863. 

i. Job (Newton), must, in Sept 19, 1862, fur nine i ths; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
NYoitbrook, Ananias 1st In Sept 19, 1802, fur nine mouths; ,li",l "I 

typhoid (ever at Emory Dultod stni.-s army general hospital, Wash- 
ington, l>. 0., March 7, 1803; buried at Military Asylum Cemetery, 

D.0. 

CO. C, TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY. 
Iin.k,., Nelson H., captain; must in Sept 19, IS02, for nine m 

Oct. 13, 1862. 
Blmpsou, Robert w , second lieutenant ; most In Oct. 24, 180; 

Oo, I'. 9eoond Rogimout; second llentenaut, rice Allon,pi 

llrst lieutenant Co. K, Twenty-aevouth Regimeut, Dec, 23, 1862: 

unst out July 2, 1863. 
B am, David (8tauhope), must in Sept. 19, 1882, fi.r nine months; must 

"in July .', 1803. 

Beam, Philip (Stanhope), must iu Sept 19, 1862, f.,r nlue ths; must 

out July -1. 1863. 
i yon, Ellphalet (Sparta), must In Sepl 19, 1862, r,r i months; must. 

,,,,1 July J. IS63. 
Btepheres, Bllaa ii. i Newton), must In Bept in, 1862, f„r nlno months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 

00. I". TWENTY-SEVENTH im IMIIV, 
Anderson, Tl as, captain; n.u-i. in Sept 19, 1862, fi,r nine months; 

must ,,ui July 2, 1803, 
Smith, J. Kearney, captain ; must In Kot. 11, 1862, fin nine months ; 

adjutant Oct '.'. 1862; captain, ■■■'<-.• Franks, n . Dei - .'. 1802 ; brevet 

Diajol I tilted SI ites volmi - Man h 18,1 

Bonnell, Isaao, Jr. (Montague), llrst lieutenant; miul Iu Bepl 

lor nine months : must uul July 2, 1803; Brsi Mrgeanl Bepl 1, 1862; 
, i li.-iii, .niiiit Co. 0, Harsh I I 

promoted. 



unths; 






Bray, Nathaniel K. (Frankford), first lieutenant, Sept 3, l'J: •-■■plain 
B mast ,"it July -j, 1862; , In Co. I. 

Tlilrty-tlilrd Regiment, tor three years; pr.,. major April 1,1805; 

must "Ul July it. i-, . 
Qrover, John B, Newl n), nd lieutenant; mnsl InSept r.*, 1802, for 

mi... „,,.,,ii,- res. Marcli :;, 181 
Smith, Syduev (Deckertown), fln<t llentenaut; must. In Sept. 19, 1802, for 

nine months ; res. Dec. 22, 1862. 

Stephen Frankfort), I lieutenant ; must In April 

for nine montlis; must out Juij2 f 1863;sei i scondlteu- 

tenant, • ,- - Grover, rso, 
Price, George W. (Frankford), flrst sergeant; must In Sept 19, 

i, in,- months; sergeant Sept 1,1802; flrst sergeant Muni, i 

pro. second lieutenant Co. C, Hay 7. 1868; must, onl July 
Congleton, John K. (Vernon), sergeant; must In Sept 19, 1802, for nlue 

months ; must out July 2 
Kittle, Levi (Swartsvi I), sergeant; must in Sept 19, 1862, fi.r nine 

months; must, out July -, 1863; ,-,,r|H,r,,l Bept 1, 1862; sergeant 

May 27, 1863. 

i i,i, (Frankford .sergeant; most, iu Bept 19, 1862, fi,r nine 

ii iIih : must, "ut July 2, 1863. 

Northrop, Willi, ,m 8. (Newton), sergeant; must in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months; St out July 2, 1863; corporal Sept. 1, 1802; - 

Sept. 2-'i, 1802. 
Case, James O. I Branchville , corporal ; must in Bept 19, 1862, fnr nine 

month* ; must out -Inly 2, 
Frace, Georgo W. (Newton), corporal ; most in Sept 19, 1802, for nine 

months; muni out July 2, 1803. 
Lane, I 'lurk K. (Newton), i-or|«inil; must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, fur nine 

ths; must oul July J. 1863. 

Rose, Joseph S., corpora] : must in Sept. 19, 1862, tor nine month-, must 

oul July 2, 1863; corporal Nov. .. 
Strubie, Jamas J. (Brauchvllle), corporal ; inust.lnS-pt.19, 181,2, fi.r nine 

mouths; must, out July 2, 1863; corporal May 27, 1863. 
Strubie, Thomas B., corporal; must in Sept 19, 1802, for nine ntbs; 

died of typhoid f.-v.-r „i cam) ar Falmouth, Vu., Jan, 19, 181 I; 

corporal Nov. 30, 1802. 
Scbofleld, Lewis It. (Branchville), corporal ; must In Sept 19, 1802, for 

ulne mouths; must unt July 2, lsivi. 
Stanaback, Jacob, Jr. (Sparta), corporal: must In Sept 19, 1862, for nine 

montlis -i ,,iii July 2, 1863. 

Trusdeli, Lewis II. (Newl .corporal; must Id Bept 19, 1882, for slue 

months; musl out July 2, 1863. 
Frcchu, Gustavo (Newtuu), -i,i,m; must in Bept 19, 1862, fi,r nine 

months: mnst. oul July 1. 1863. 
Coon, Peter I Newton), wagoner: must in Sept. 16, 1802, for nine months; 

must, "in July 2, 1863; re-eul, private Co. B, Iiu.i Cavalry K.-ni- 

ment; must in Dei 28, 1863, Ibi three years; must onl Jul] 24, 

18C6 ; recruit. 

Ackerson, Thomas iN..wi..ii , mnsl Iu Bept 19, 1862, tor nine months; 

musl onl July 2, 1863, 
A\t"ll, William H, mnsl In Sepl 19, 1862, for nine mouths; i 

July 2, 1803 
Bslrd, Benjamin (BranohvHIs), mnst In Bept 19, 1862, for nine months; 

musl ,ni July 2, 1863. 
Booth, John Wantage), mnsl In Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; mnst 

out Jul] 
Brown, Edward B. (Franklin Foniace), musl In Bepl 19, 1862, for nine 

Bins; mnst I July 2, 1863. 

I ...kr..r.l), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 
,,i July ■:. ISO I, 
i, i rauktord , most in Bept IB, 1862. for nine months; 

mnst nut July 2,1863. 
Oampl all, John (Newl mnstlu Sapl It, 1862, foi nlnamontl 

"III Jlllt 

Oompton, J ph , Brant hvillo), mnsl In Bept 19, i-'-J. fin nine months; 

must ""t July j, I-.: 

William B (Wautafce), must InSepl 19, 1862, for nlns months; 
, i ohronio dlairba i '. 1862 

Clark, John W. (Wantage), mnsl In £ . tor nlns montlis; 

mnsl ""i July j. 1863. 

nnsl In 8spt 19, 1902, tor uluo months; must. 

,,ul Jul. 

Colvar, Nathan (Lalayvtta . mnst In Sept 19, 1862, for nlu 

mu>l -ut July . 



12G 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Courtney, Michael (Andover), must, in Sept. 19, 1662, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Cunningham, Peter, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Dennis, John W. (Hampton), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Dickson, Darius M. (Sandyston), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Dangler, David, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out July 

2, 1863. 
Goble, Morris (Andover), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months ; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Gessner, Henry (Frankford), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

disch. at camp near Falmouth, Va., Jan. 6, 1863, disability. 
Hankiuson, John L. (Stillwater), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Heater, Jacob (Newton), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Hendershot, Isaiah (Swartswood), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Hendershot, John L. (Swartswood), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1803. 
Hetherington, George W. (Franklin), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

mouths; must, out July 2, 1803. 
Haggerty, Nelson (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months ; 

died of chronic diarrhoea at Hickman's Bridge, Ky., June 0, 1803 ; 

buried at National Cemetery, Camp Nelson, Ky. 
Hill, Nehemiah (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Howell, William (Lafayette), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Ike, Albert F. (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for niue months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Jarvis, Betherel (Swartswood), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Kithcart, Daniel D. (Stillwater), must. in Sopt. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Kline, Anthony (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for niue mouths ; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Knox, George M. (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Kidney, James M. (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

disch. at United States army general hospital, Washington, D. C, 

April 17, 1863, disability. 
Kinney, Amos (Newton), first sergeant; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months ; must, out July 2, 1863 ; private Sept. 1, 1862 ; first sergeant 

May 11, 1863. 
Keys, John B. (Stillwater), must. In Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Lewis, Britton (Branchville), must, iu Sopt 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Losey, John G. (Lnfayette), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Lewis, Carr (Frankford), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Littis, Lemuel (Branchville), muBt. in Sopt. 19, 1802, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Littis, Martin (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 18112, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
McLaughlin, Frank (Newton), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Moor, William (Frankford), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Maybee, Nelson, must. In Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; died of con- 
gestion of brain at camp near Falmouth, Va., Jan 8, 1803. 
Martin, Evi (Branchville), must. in Sept. 10, 1862, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Monks, James, must, iu Sopt. 19, 1802, fur nine months; must, out July 2, 

1803. 
Moore, William (Branchville), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for ulno months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Mullin, .lames, must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; must, out July 

2, 1862. 
Mnnson, Albert, must. In Sopt. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out July 

2, 1863. 
Osborne, Benjamin (Frankford), must, iu Sept. 19,1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 



Palmer.Edward (Newton), must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1863 ; died suddenly : supposed to be poisoned. 
Parsons, Nelson P. (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Tierce, William II. (Stillwater), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for niue mouths; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Ross, Walter I., must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must, out July 

2, 1803. 
Slacker, John (Franklin Furnace), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1803; re-eul. Oct. 11, 1804, in Co. A, 

Thirty-ninth Regiment, for one year ; must, out Jan. 17, 1865. 
Spaugenburg, William, must, in Sept. 19. 1802, for nine months. 
Stanaback, Jumes (Sparta), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Stephenfield, Theodore (Frankford), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Stephens, Alanson (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, ISO.!, for nine mouths; 

must, ont July 2, 1863. 
Struble, Peter L. (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 1S62, for niue months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Struble, Philip (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine mouths; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Stephenfield, James (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, fur nine 

months; disch. at Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 28, 1863, disability. 
Scott, Stephen (Franklin), must, in Sept. 19,1862, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Silence, John (Franklin), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for niue months; must. 

out July 2, 1863! 
Simpson, Abram L. (Franklin), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Smith, Fowler (Franklin), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Snahle, Sydney II., must, iu Sept. 13, 1802, for nine months; must, ont 

July 2, 1803. 
Spaugenburg, William, must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Stoll, Albert (Nowton), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths ; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Stoll, Harris (Branchville), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine mouths; 

must, out July 2,1863. 
Tallman, John J. (Branchville), must, iu Sopt. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Vanderhoof, William (Newton), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1S03. 
Washer, Nelson (Andover), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863 ; re-eul. Co. E, First Regiment Cavalry, Dec. 

29, 1863, for three years; must, out July 24, 1864. 
Wade, Aaron (Franklin), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for niue months; muBt. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Wilson, Nelson, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for niuo months ; must, out July 

2, 1863. 

CO. E, TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY. 

Baldwin, Edward S., first lieutenant; must, in Nov. 12, 1802, for niue 

mouths; second lieutenant Co. K. Sept. 13,1802 ; first lieutenant, vice 

Crane, pro. ; pro. to captain Co. K, Dec. 23, 1802; must, out July 2, 

1803. 
Peters, James (Sparta), first lieutenant; must, in Doc. 23, 1802, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1863; second lieutenant Co. F, Sept. 11, 

1802; first lieutenant Co. E, vice Baldwin, pro. 
Muchmoro, David B., second lieutenant; must, in Oct. 6, 1802, fur nine 

mouths ; first sergeant Sopt. 3, 1802 ; second lieutenant, vice Kitchell, 

pro.; disch. March 1, 1861, disability. 
Sohoflold, Edward W., second lieutenant; must, in March 1, 1802, for 

nine months; must, out July 2, 1803 ; sergeant Sept. 2, 1S02; first 

Borgeaut Oct. 16, 1802 ; second lieutenant, vice Muchmoro, disch. 
Mullord, Harrison A., first sergeant; must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1863; sergeant Sept. 3, 1862 ; first sergeant 

March 1, 1803. 
Brown, John W. (Franklin Furnace), sergeant ; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, 

for nine mouths; must, out July 2, 1803. 

Privates, 
Schonok, Ralph G. (Sparta), must, in Sopt. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Shelly, George W. (Sparta), must, iu Sopt. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IX THE WAR OF THE REBELLION". 



127 



Sheridan, I'ulrick (Sparta), mml. iu Sept, 19, 1802, for nine mouths; 

muit. out July 2, 1863. 
Smith, Robert (Sparta), must Id Sept. 19, 1862, f..r nine monthe; munt. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Voucher, Barnabiw C. (Briiiulnille). iini.t in s.-i.i. M. l-'.2, fur nine 

monthe; mint out July 2. 1863; re-enl. Co. r, Iblrty-tlilnl Bcgt- 

meat, Nor. 24, 1863, for three years; must Dec.A, 1863; runstoul 

July I, lBO.'i; dlacli. nt DavM'a bland, New York Harbor, May I, 

1866. 
Lyon, John A. (8parta), muel In Sept 19, 1862, Ibr nine m lis; must 

.mi July 2, 1863, 
Uolialr, Michael (Newl , munt. iu Sept 19, 1862, fur nine months; 

musl out July 2, 1863. 
a , Benjamin a (Newton), must In Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must ..in Jul) 2, 1863. 
mi. II, Jacob (Newton), must In Sept 19, 1862, foi nine months; must 

„ out July 2, 1863. 
Pboenlx, Jacob v. (8parta , must Iu Sept 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must nut July 2, 1 80-t. 
Bnwllns, John (8parta), must In Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 18011 
Bickley, William H, (Sparta), must. In Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must out July 2, ! 

CO. F, TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY. 
Dulloy, Daniel (Vernon), captain; must In Sept. 19, 1802, fur ulno 

mouths; res. Jan. la, 1803. 
Marsh, Stepheu II (Vernon), captain; must In Jan. 6, 1863, fur nine 

m ha; i'h«i llanteuanl Oo. L,Sept. 2, 1862; captain, trie Bailey, res. 

I'onh, II ■(.-•-• W. | Willi la".e|, I'llHl lieuleliullt ; Uill-t. ill Sept. P.I, I-M.2, |..|- 

iiiin- months ; must mil July 6, 1863. 
Baxter, Charles J. (Lafayette), fust sergeant; must hi Sept 19, 1862, for 

nine months; i t. out July 2, 186*; sergeant Sept. 5, 181 

sergeant Jan. 1, 1863. 
Crusu-y, Charles A. (Deekertown), sergeant; must In Sept. 19, 1862, for 

nine months; must out July 2, 1863; corporal Oct 1, lsf.2; sergeanl 

Muy 1, 1803. 
O'Connor, Thomas (Deekertown), sergeant; niusl In Sept 19, 1862, for 

nine mouths; must oul July 2, 1863; sergeant Jan. 1. 1863. 
Ryoison, Nicholas P, I Deol own), corporal ; must In Sept 19, 1862, for 

ulno months; must, oul July 2, ISO;). 
Savage, John (Deekertown), corporal: must In Sept 19, 1802, for nine 

niontliH; must "in Jul) .'. 1863; corporal Sept 3, 1862; private Dec. 

81, 1862;corporal Hay I, 1803. 
Crhuoy, George C. (Deekertown), musician; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for 

nine months; must nut July 2, 1862, 

/', ..'.</. i 
Heldier, .la, ..I. I linn,. Iim'iI..), m ii. i. iii Sepl 19, Im-.J, fur nine iiniuths; 

must "in July 'j, 180.1. 
Belcher, Sylvester (Branahvllle) it in Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863, 
l;i II, William II. illnm.-lnlll.-l, must, in Sept 19, 1 si',2, for nine 

months; must, "lit July 2, 180 1. 
BrOWn, Tl ip«uu iSpailal. uiiu.iuer: -I. in S.-pt. 19, 1SI12, fur nine 

months; dlsoh.nl United States army general hospital, Washl 

n. r., March 16, 1863, disability. 
Brown, Qeorge (Sparta), must In Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; dlsch. 

at Oonvaloscenl Camp, * i Feb 9, 181 lilsahlllty. 
Campbell, Robert I-'. (Von I, must In Bspl 19, 1862, fur nine months; 

must ■-"! Jul) 
Card, John, Jr. (Vor I, must In Sept 19, 1862, fur nine i itlii ; must. 

"ill July 2, 1868, 

CrUI, Morris (Walpaok] il In 9epl 19 1862, for nine months; must. 

.ml July 2, 1863. 
' 'hi I. u II. Joseph V. iS»aitH»-"".l . iiiiihI. In Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months; unit oul Jul) 1,1806 

I irvey (Deckertiiwn), n iu Sept 19, 1862, Ibr nine 

St mil July 2, 1863. 

Decker, Joel (Deekertown), must In Sept. 10, 1862, r..i nil lonths; 

inn. I "in Jul) 2, [86 I. 
Decker, Levi ii kartown), must In Beptl9, 1882, Ibr nine months; 

must "in Jul) '. i". I 
|i.. 1 Ian, Horace (Deokertowii), must Iu Sspl 19, 1802, f'-r nins months; 

must, "in July 2, 186 I, 
Earl, Willi, in ii. (Sparta), must Iu Sept 19, months; 

must, out July 2, 1863, 



i-i ii (Hi iurg), must In Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; 

«t. out Jul) 2, i" 1. 

Omnler, Joseph Bparu), must In Sept 19, i v '.J, r..r nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Heady, Qeorge (Sparta), iiiiihI. In Sept. 19, 18G2, for nine tuontb 
oul Jul. 

Holly, Ulcbael (8|*rta), i i in Sept 19, 1802, foi nine montl 

"lit Jul) 

i red (Sparta), mu I . for nine nths; must. 

"lit Jill- 

Ryan. Philip (Sparta) mnsl InSepI 19, 1862, Ibr nine roontha; must oul 

July 2. I8ttl. 
Sqnler, Theodore E (8paita), must In Sept 19, 1802, for nim 

must, out Jul) - 
I ti.-.. John II. (Sparta), must. In Sept 19, 1 102, roi niue montlu ; mu»t 

out July :. 1863. 

rand, Matliew it. (8parta), must In Sept. 19, 1802. foi nine 

mouths: sergeant Sept 1, 1862; private tin) 

CO. II, TWESTY-SEVENTII INFANTRY. 

Dennis, San 1 (Deckerl iwn), captain ; must. In Sept 19, 1862, for nine 

months : must oul Jul) 
Rosencrunce, John M. (Wantage), hint lieutenant; must Iu Bept 10, 

1862, for nine months; must out Jul] 2,181 ; 

leonnd I" -Hi- -ii int ; must In Sept 19, 1SG2, for nine 

mouths; must, "lit July '-', 1863. 

Stoddard, Nelson (Deekertown), first sergeant: must in Sept. 19, 1862, 

r.ir nine months: must oul July 2, 181 I. 
Cox, Lewi! i ii kertown), sergeant; must In Sept. 19, 1862, f..r nluu 

mouths; must oul July 2, \HK',; sergeanl Nov. 29, 1862. 
Fountain, John A. (Deckertown\ sergeanl ; must Iu Sept. 19, 1862, fur 

nine months; must oul July 2, 1863; re-enl. Sept 3, 1801, for one 

year a. private Co. ii. Second Cavalry Regiment ; must out June 29, 

1866. 
Kinney, Charles, sergeant; must in Sept 19, 1802, for nine the; 

must -mi Jul.v 2, 1863. 
Howell, John I I Da Iti rtown), sergeanl ; must In Sept. 19, 1802, •■ . 

nine liths; must "lit July 2, 1863. 

Beemer, Ezra, corp iral ; must In Sept. 10, 1802, foi Dine months ; most, 

..in July 2, 1863. 
Pu Mow* (.'.. corporal; must In Sept 19, LB62, ibr nine inoutlis; 

dlsch, at .an, i ar Fredericksburg, Vs., Jan. 12. 1863, dlaabillly. 

Doty, William, corporal ; musl In Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; tllwl 

of fever hi ramp Sumner, Vu„ Jan. 28, 1803. 
Longcor, Fletcher It., corporal; must. Iu Sept 19, 1862, fur nine tin ; 

musl. out Jul) 2. 1863. 
Longcor, John, corporal ; must. Iu Sept. 19, 1862, for ulna mouths; must. 

out Jul] 

i Hal ; mii-t. In Sept. 19, 1802, Ibr Dine months; musl 

"lit Jllll 

Francis, wag r; mustln Sepl i", 1802, for ulne months; 

must out July 2, 186 I, 

loams, Ja D« kerti a n . at Iu Sept i". 1862, fur ulne months . 

must, "in Jul] 
Ayrea,JohnJ Di luSepI 19, 1862, for ulne montlu: 

must, "in Jul) 
Beemer, Franklin, must Iu Sept 19, 186.!, for nine months; must ml 

Jul) 2 i 

tin s.pi. id, 1862, foi nim- mouths; musl 

'.'. 1863, 
lil-.ett.., Daniel Newton), musl luStpl 10, 1862, for ulue montlu 

out Jul) 
Hi Ink. iv win i Drokertowu), must. In Sepl 19, 1862, for ulna Iha; 

must .ait July 2, 
Brink, Matthew (Deokertuwu), must In Sept. 19, 1862, foi nim 

must "in Jul] 
Brooke, Jacob (Dwckartuwui, must In Sepl 19,1862, for nine montlu; 

must, .ait Jul] . 
P N ii. Di kertuwu), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine mouths; 

must out July -'. i^'... 
Browu, Walter C., most. Iu - must oul 

Jul] . 

1 lull, moat in Sept 19, 1862, ful nine in. nth-; must "in July 



128 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Cassady. Robert, must, in Sept. 9, 1SG2, for nine months : must, out July 

2, 1863. 
C'asterline, Benjamin (Deckertown), must, in Sept. 11), 1862, for nine 

months ; must, out July 2, 1S63. 
Ciisterline, Nathaniel, Jr., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must. 

out July 2. 186:i. 
Ciisterline, William B., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must. 

out July 3, lS6:i. 
Conroy, James, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; must, out July 

2,1863. 
Courtright, Amos, must, in Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Courtright, John, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Cumin, John, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; must, out July 

2,1863. 
Curran, Josiah H., must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine mouths; must, out 

July 2, 18G3. 
Casterline, James, must, in Sep), 19, 1862, for nine months; died of 

chronic diarrhoea, near Hickman's Bridge, Ky., Way 28, 1863. 
House, Peter A., sergeant; must, in Sept, 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Post, Lewis P. (Wantage', corporal; must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months ; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Potter, John (Stillwater), corporal ; must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Khodimer, James H., corporal ; must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Sutton, Lemuel F. (Lafayette), corporal ; must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine 

months ; must, out July 2, 1863. 
Smalley, Calvin J., corpora] ; must, in Sept. 19, 18C2, for nine mouths; 

must, out July 2, 1S63. 
Courtright, Nelson, must, in Sept. 10, 1862, for nine months; died of 

fever at general hospital, Hampton, Va., March 26, 1863 ; buried at 

National Cemetery, Hampton, Va., Row 1, Section E, Grave 28. 
Davenport, Jacob, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Drake, Henry T. (Deckertown), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Dunning, Thomas, must, in- Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Dunning, William, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Ellison, James (Deckertown), must, in Sept. 19, 18G2, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Feaslcr, Joseph A. (Wantage), must, iu Sept. 19, 1S62, for nine mouths ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Gould, Jacob (Deckertown), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 18G3. 
Jones, William T., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine mouths ; must, out 

July 2. 1863. 
Lewis, William S., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Harden, Isaac C, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; must, out Julv 

2, 1863. 
Havens, Josiah (Deckertown), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Havens, John It., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; died of fever at 

United States army general hospital, Aquia Creek, Va.. Jan. 31, 1863; 

buried at National Cemetery, Fredericksburg, Va., Division 1), Sec- 
tion B, Grave 210. 
Havens, Samuel D., must. in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; died at camp 

near Somerset, Ky., May 10, 1863 ; buried at Mill Spring National 

Cemetery, Logan Cross-Roads, Ky., Section B, Grave 11)7. 
Herman, Anton, must, in Sept. 10,1862, for nine mouths; must out July 

2, 1863. 
Hoy t, George W., must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months ; must, out July 

2, 1803. 
Meeker, Andrew J., must, in Sept. 10, 1802, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
MIddaugh, Jonathan, must, in Sept. 10, 1802, for nine montliB; died of 

typhoid fever iu hospital at Hickman's Bridge, Ky., May 27, 1863; 

bulled at National Cemetery, Camp Nelson, Ky., Section D, Grave 94. 
Hi Cord, Russell II., must, iu Sept. 10, 1862, fur nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
McCann, Mahlon F., must, in Sept. 10, 1862, fur nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 



McConnell, Samuel, must, iu Sept. 10, 1862, for nine months: must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
McNair, Daniel, must, iu Sept. 10, 1862, for nine months ; must, out July 

2,1863. 
Pettit, Sydney S., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out July 

2, 1863. 
Paugh, Thomas, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine mouths ; must, out July 

2, 1863. 
Perry, Samuel, must, in Sept. 10, 1«62, for nine months. 
Roloson, Johnson P. (Hardyston , must, in Sept, 10, 1S62, for nine months; 

disch. at Camer United States army general hospital, Washington, 

D. C, April 2S, 1863, disability. 
Skinner, George B., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months: must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Simonson, Henry F., must, in Sept. 10, 1862. for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1803. 
Smith, James B.,must in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; must, out July 

2, 1863. 
Stewart, Daniel, must, in Sept. 19, 1S62, for nine months ; must, out July 

2, 1803. 
Smith, Philip, must, in Sept. 19, 1802, tor nine months; died of fever at 

Camp Burnside, near Newport News, Va., Feb. 23, 1863. 
Steadworthy, Reuben, mu6t. iu Sept. 10, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2,1863. 
Stewart, George, must, in Sept. 19, 1S62, for nine months. 
Titsworth, Kvi (Deckertown), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Titswotth, Jacob (Deckertown), must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1802. 
Thornton, William ( Deckertown), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Van Sickle, Daniel M.,must.in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Van Sickle, Bowdewiue D., must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Van Gordon, Loomis, must, in Sept 10, 1862, for nine months. 

CO. K, TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY. 
Franks, Henry A. (Andover), captain; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine 

months; res. Nov. 11, 1862. 
Ellithorp, Emmet S., second lieutenant; must, iu Jan. 16, 1863, for nine 

mouths; first sergeant Co G; second lieutenant, vice. McConnell, 

pro.; must, out July 2, 1863. 
McConnell, Jacob, second lieutenant; must, iu Nov. 12, 1802, for nine 

months; first sergeant Sept. 3, 1802 ; second lieutenant, vice Baldwin, 

pro. ; pro. first lieutenant Co. L, Jan. 15, 1803 ; captain, rice Willis, pro. 

May 1, 1803. 
Hurd, Byrnm P., sergeant; must, in Sept. 10, 1862, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Lawrence, John D., sergeant; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Laport, William T., sergeant; must, iu Sept. 10, 1S02, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
McConnell, William (Stanhope), sergeant: must, in Sept. 10, 1862, for nine 

months ; must, out July 2, 1801. 
Allen, Watson, corporal; must, in Sept. 10, 1S62, for nine mouths; must. 

out July 2, 1863. 
Dunlap, Joseph M., corporal ; must, iu Sept. 10, 1862, for nine mouths ; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Demurest, George W.. corporal ; must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Griggs, Alfred 11., corporal; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Shunian, Abner, corporal; must, in Sept. 19, 1S62, for nine months; must. 

out July 2, 1803 ; corporal Nov. 12, 1862. ' 
Searing, William II., corporal; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863; corporal Nov. 12, 1862. 
Konnybrook, Charles, wagoner; must, in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 

Priuutea. 
Ackurly, John, must, iu Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months ; must out July 

2, 1863. 
Atlio, John, must, iu Sept. 19, 1802, for nine mouths; must, out July 2, 

1803. 
Beach, Abnor M , must. In Sept. 19, 1862, for nino mouths; must, out July 

2. 18U3. 



SUSSKX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



12!) 



Booker, Jobn, Jr., mint. Id Sept. 10, 1882, for aim months; niusl i 

July 2, 1803. 
Brown. George w., most lu Kept 19, 1802, for nine month); roust, ont 

July 2, 1883, 
liyiiim. Job J., must, lu 8ept 19, 1862, for nine montha; mnst.onl July 

2, 180.1. 
Oaal George, mutt, la Sept 10, 1862, for nine months; moat ont 

July 2, 1863. 
I . ii in. , John, moat. In Sept 19, 1862, foi nine ntha; at. ont July 

2, 1868. 
(' iney, Patrick, ntuat.ln Sept 10, 1862, f..r nine montha; moat out 

July 2, 1868. 
Cunningham, Patrick (Andover), must, in Sept 19, 1862. for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1803. 
Davie, William (Andoyei i, most In Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; i t. 

..nt July 2, 1868. 
Dennis, Henry, must. In Bept 19, 1862, r-.r nine months; must out July 

2, 1863, 
Dennis, John (Lafayette), must In Sept. 19, isi-j, f"i nil ionths;must 

mil Jul-, 

Cornelius (Nawton), mnsl In Sept. 19, 1862, for nine monthe; 

it out Jnlj . i ■ 

Dunlap, Henry M, (Newtou), ninet. In Sept 19, 1802, f..r nine mantlis; 

must, .nit July 2, 1803, 
Ervey, John (Sparta , must. In 8i.pt 19,1802, Ibr nino montha; musl oul 

July 2, 1863. 
Goblo, Alnliaon (Sparta), must, in Sept. 19, 1802, f..r nine months; must. 

out Jul] 
Gunning, James, muet. in Sept. 19, 1802, for nino months. 

Bamue], must In Sept 10, 1802, for nine months; must, out 

July 2, 1863. 
Ea ly, Jnincs (Lufayetl.-I, must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nino mouths; 

must ..in July ■_'. 1868. 
Kinney, George 0. (Sparta), st. in Sept. 19, 1862, f,.r nino months; 

nni-t . oul July .', 1863, 
Lyons, Johnson C t. In Sept 19, 1862; died at hospital, Washington, 

Feb. B, 1803; unrled al Military Asylnm Cemetery, D. 0. 
Haines, Jacob (Sparta), must In Sept. 19, 1862, for nine montha; must. 

out July 2, 1803. 
Uallgne, Martin n. (Sparta), mnsi In Sept 19, 1802, f. t nine ifhs; 

si. out July 2, 1868. 

Patrl 3| irts at In Sept 19, I862,fai nlue months; must 

oul Jul'. 
Hal Mm tin, must, in s.-pt. 19, 1882, for nino months; must, out July 

2, 1863. 
Martin, Thoinns. must, in S.-pt. 19, 1862, for nine I tlis; must, out July 

2, 1863, 
UcGulre, Philip (Ogdenaburg), must In Sept 19, 1"'..', f..r nino mouths: 

nnist. ont July 2, 186 I, 
Heal ny, John (Ogdenaburg), must In Bept 19, 1862, for nino mouths; 

in ms. i ,inl> 2 1863. 

MoNeer, Charles (Ogdonahnrg), must, in Bept 19, 1862, tot nine months; 

mn i onl i"i. 
UoNei ' . Josepl --i. ii. Be] I. 19, 181 2, foi ulna moutha; muel t July 

2, 1863. 
Morgan, Aimiiii A. (Ogdenaburg), muat. InSept. 10,1862,1 Ine a the; 

St. ,.ut Jul> : I 

Gilbert, must, in Sept. 19, 1802, fur nil ■ lis; mast onl July 

2, 1863. 
Nicholas, Manning K., nun. in Sept. 19, 1862, for nlue mouths; musl 

..in July '-'. 1863 
N, .iin.iii, Wlillflold (Sparta), must, in Sept 19, 1862, for nln. nths; 

must out July .', 186 I. 
0'Hare, Fells (Sparta), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, f.,r nlue i ithe; must. 

.,i.t July ■:, 1863, 

mas, Ji„ must in Sept 19, 1862; must oul Jnl] 

ObIkjiu, Henry ll„ muat. In Sept 19, 1869, foi nine Uia. 

Parker, Calvin Wntorluo), must in Sept I''. ls.-j. foi nln.. itlis; 

i i, hi .Mils •■. 1863, 

Plersoii, Isaac (Sparta), must in Bepl i '. 1862, foi nlue m ml 

.-■it Jul. 2, I-,, . 
rims Rlohnrd D. (Sparta), muat. in Bept 19, 1862, fin nine montha; 

must ,, nt .lull , 

Plltenger, Aaron v. (Sparta , must In Bepl 19, 1862, for nl ion the; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 

ii Intel (Sparta), must in Bept 19, 1802, for nine months; must 
out July 2, 1863. 



Halsey, Alexander (Sparta), must. In Sept. 19,1802. for nine i tli>; 

musl • .nt July j. 1863, 
Hand, Stephen (Andover), must in Sept 19, 1802, fur nine months; 

must ont July 2, 1863; died at Hickman's Ii 1 1,:-. K... July 1. 1-. :. 

after discharged; buried at Motional Cemetery, Camp Sehuu, Ky n 

Section l>, Grave 96. 
Hatton, Matthew (Newtnu , most in Sept 19, 1862, for nine months; 

st. ,,ut July 2. 1863. 

Hoppnngfa, Henry r„ must. In Sept. 10, 1802, for nine .His; must, onl 

July 2, 1803. 
Hnrd, John, must. In Sept. 19,1862, for nine months; t duI July 2, 

1803. 
Huylsr, William ust in Sept 19, im.-j, for ulna montha; »t. onl 

July . 
Powers, Richard, must in Bept 19, 1862, for nino i tl.-, muat. -nt 

July 2, 1863, 
Bochelle, Wlllhtm H Sparta), mnirt in Bept 19, 1862, Ibr nlue months; 

must. ..nt July J. 1-' 
Rockwell, Edward (Sparta), must in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 
Rose, John \. Bj ram), must, in Sept 19, 1802, for nine i itlut; must 

out July J. 1863. 

Rose, Montgomery (Byrnm), must in Sept 19, 1862, for nino months; 

must, out July 2, Is'-l. 
Sanford, Collins (Byram), must, in Bept 19,1862, for nino month 

out July '-'. 1863 
Sanford, William (Bymm), must, in Sept. 19, 1862, for nine months; 

must, out July . 
Smith, Andrew (Waterloo), must, lu Sept. 19 months; 

musl ."it Jni:. 
Smith, Charles J [Waterloo), must in Sept. 19, 1862, r,.r nine months; 

must onl July 2, lsra. 
S|» in ii. William (Waterloo , must in Sept. 19, 1802, for nine in.. nths; 

must, oul July 2, 1803. 
stit.B, Isaac (Sparta . must, in Sept. 19, 1802, Tor nine months; must, oat 

July 2 
SUti -. Sti pbeu Sparta , must In s<>pt. 19, ISC2, f..r nine montha; must. 

ont July -. 1863. 
Talbert, William A. (Sparta), must. In Sept. 19, 1802, for nine months; 

must oul July 2, 1803. 
Terry, John (Sparta), must in Bept 19, 1802, for nino months; must oul 

July 2, 1863. 
Ti. lease, Walter K. (Nowl must, in Bepl 19, 1862, foi aloe months; 

nniat.out July 2, 180 I. 
Vanalten, Hone e Vernon), must, in Sept. 13, 1804, for ono year; must. 

out June 17, 181 b tfaj I, 1866 

Ward, llidrow - Wuterl , must In Sept 19, 1862, Ibr nine months; 

must ,,ut July 2, 1803. 
Ward, George V) Waterloo), most In Sept 19, 1862, Ibr nine montha; 

must ..nt July 2, 1863, 
Whitm.ire, William (Waterloo), moat luSspl 19,1862, for months; 

must ..nl Jul) 2, 186 I, 
Wood, Goorgo T. (Spin t.u. must In Peb. 24, I860, for ono year ; trans, to 

Co. t\ must. ..it July 18, 1865"; dlsch. May 3, 1805. 
v.. niigs, Robert K. (Waterloo), must, in Sept 19, 1862, f-.t Dine mouths; 

must, out July 2, 1863. 

CO, I., TWENTY-SEVENTH INKANTUY. 
HcConncll, Jacob, captain, vfea Willi-, pr,.., May 1, 1863; moat ont July 
2, 1863, 

CO. H, THIETY-FIBST INKANTUY. 
Hattil ii. Andrew J , .Mil. Bept 3, I V '',J ; most In s.-pt. IT, 1882, for nine 
months; must oul Jnne 24, 188 - 

TIIIUTY TllllSIt INKANTUY. 
Field ,im.i.s/../. 
Tiiinan, Jamas master; muat In 

threo years; r.-s Jan 21 , 18M 

00. II, TIIIUTY-TltlUH INKANTUY 
Straway, kugusrul (Kewton . must, in Ajuil 2, 1864, for ihreo years; 

-t out -t m ly- 1 

Strut. 1... Jamas A (BranchvOle), must In Bepl i. 1863, far three years; 
pr... sergeant Jon. 29, 1866; must oul Jul* IT, 1866, 

- .iini.i Sparta . must In Sept, I. 1863, Ibr three years; must. 
out July 17, 1801. 



130 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



CO. I, THIRTY-THIRD INFANTRY. 



Bray, Nathaniel K. (Fraukfordl, captain ; must, in Co. B, Twenty-seventh 

Regiment, May 7, 1863; coin, captain Co. I, Thirty-third Regiment, 

April 4, 186.5; must, out July 17,1863. 
Kitchell, Warren J., first lieutenant; must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three 

years; must, out July 17, 1866. 
Blake, Edward (Lafayette), corporal ; must, in Aug. 29, 1S03, for three 

years ; must, out July 17, 1865. 

Privates. 
Allen, James (Branchville), must, ill Aug. 29. 186:1, for three years; pro. 
commissary sergeant Sept. 5, 1S03; private Co. G, Nov. 14, 1863; 
must, out June 7, 1S65. 
Braan, John (Ogdensburg), must, in Jan. 7, 1864, for three years; 
recruit; died of disease at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 18, IS64; buried at 
National Cemetery, Nashville, Tenn., Section F, Grave 274. 
Braan, Martin (Ogdensburg), must, in Jan. 7, 1864, for three years; re- 
cruit; killed in action at Peach-Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, 1864; trans. 
from Co. I. 
Butler, James, must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three years; died of disease at 
Hilton Head, S. C, March 21, 186!) ; buried at National Cemetery, 
Beaufort, S. C, Section 36, Grave 166. 
Conklin, Lewis (Vernon), must, in Sept. 1, 1864, for one year; recruit; 

trans, to Co. C; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Conlon, Michael (Vernon), must, in March 31, 1865, for one year; recruit; 

trans, to Co. A ; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Davis, Horace (Deckertown), must, in Sept. 7, 1864, for one year ; recruit ; 

trans, to Co. C; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Drew, William (Vernon), must, in Sept. 7, 1861, for one year; recruit; 

trans, to Co. C ; must out July 1, 1865. 
Ely, George, must, in Feb. -28, 1865, for three years; trans, to Battery E. 
Fletcher, Horace B. (Andover), must, in Sept. 13, 1864, for one year; 

must, out Jan. 3, 1865 ; recruit ; disch. 
Fuller, John (Sandyston), must, in April 4, 1865, for one year ; recruit; 

trans, to Co. C; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Farrel, Thomas, must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three years; died at Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn., July 12, 1864, of wounds received in action at Pine 
Knob, Ga., Jan. 16,1864; buried there, at National Cemetery, Sec- 
tion E, Grave 263. 
Green, John W. (Vernou), must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three years; must. 

out July 17, 1865. 
Johnson, James, must, in Sept. 23, 1864, for one year ; must, out Jan. 3, 

1865; recruit. 
Kiser, Nathaniel (Branchville), must, in Sept. 7, 1864, foroue year; must. 

out June 3, 1865; recruit. 
Kennedy, John (Branchville), must, in Oct. 11, 1864, for one year ; recruit; 

trans, to Co. K. 
Miller, Charles, must, in April 13, 1865, for one year; must, out July 21, 

1865; disch. at hospital, Washington, D. C, May 3, 1865. 
Muller, JoBiah (Branchville), must, in May 29, 1805, for one year; must. 

out July 1. 1865; recruit. 
Murchie, James, must, in Oct. 15, 1864, for one year ; must, out July 17, 

1805. 
Masker, William, must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three years; trans, to Vet. 

Res. Corps March 20, 1805. 
Riker, Jacob (Branchville), must, in Sept. 23, 1804, for one year; must, 
out July 17, 1805; recruit ; trans, from Co. E, Thirty-fifth Regiment. 
Shawager, August (Waterloo), must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three yeurs; 

died of gunshot wound at hospital, Newark, N. J., Sept. 17, 1803. 
Wood, Charles H., must, in March 7, 1805, for one year ; recruit ; trans. 
to Co. D; must, out July 17, 1865. 

CO. K, THIRTY-THIRD INFANTRY. 
McCoy, William, captain ; must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three years; must. 

out July 17,1865. 
Cochrane, William II., first lieutenant; must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three 

years; pro. captain Co. G, May 10, 1804. 
Gallagher, Andrew (Andover), second lieutenant; must. In May 21, 1803, 

for three years; must, out July 17, 1805; first sergeant Co. B; second 

lieutenant, vice Smith, disch. 
Smith, Sydney R. (Sparta), second lieutenant; must, in April 6, 1805, for 

three years ; first sergeant Co. B; second lieutenant, vice Tully, dis- 
missed ; disch. April 7, 1805, disability. 
Tully, Francis, second lieutenant; must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for throe yeare; 

regularly dlHmtaed Oct. 5, 1863. 
Simpson, James, sergeant ; must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three years ; must. 

out July 17,1806. 



Phillips, John (Branchville), corporal; must, in Aug. 29. 1803, for three 
years; must, out July 17, 1805; corporal April 1,1865. 

Privities. 
Allen, John (Green), must, in April 12, 1865, for one year; trans, to Co. C. 
Black, Richard, must, in Feb. 18, 180% for one year; recruit; regularly 

. disch. at Newark, N. J., May 12, 1805 ; trans, from Co. B. 
Bell, John, must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three years. 
Ballontine, George F. (Branchville), must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three 

years; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Brooks, Lionel (Sparta), must, in May 4, 1804, for three years ; must, out 

July 17,1805; recruit. 
Booth, James (Vernon), must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three years ; disch. at 

army general hospital, Newark, N. J., May 12, 1865. 
Babcock, Hiram (Sandyston), must, in Aug. 29, 1803, tor three years ; 
died Feb. 7, 1804; buried at National Cemetery, Coal Hill, Ky., 
Section B, Grave 44. 
Carey, James (Sparta), must, in Sept. 27, 1804, for one year; must, out 

June 10, 1865 ; recruit; trans, from Co. B. 
Collier, Edward C. (Waterloo), must, in Oct 15, 1804, for one year. 
Collius, Thomas (Waterloo), must, in Feb. 1, 1 805, for three years ; recruit. 
Collins, Timothy (Waterloo), must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three years. 
Curran, Peter (Waterloo), must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three years. 
Davis, Charles H. (Andover), must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three years. 
Dennody, John (Green), must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three years. 
Dougherty, Thomas, must, in Aug. 29, 1863, for three years; must, out 

July 17, 1865. 
Green, James, must, in Aug. 29, 1803. for three years ; must, out July 17, 

1805; regularly disch. at Newark, N. J., May 12, 1805. 
Higgins, Michael (Andover), must in March 8, 1805, for one year; re- 
cruit; trans, to Co D. 
Mclntyre, James (Ogdensburg), must, in April 12, 1805, for one year; 

must, out July 17, 1805 ; trans, from Co. H. 
Monahan, Timothy (Ogdensburg), most, in April 7, 1805, fur one year; 

must, out July 8, 1805 ; disch. at Washington, D. C, May 3, 1805. 
Petty, Charles, must, in Aug. 23, 1864, for three years ; recruit. 
Roe, James, must, in Aug. 29, 1803, for three years; must, out July 17, 

1865. 
Ryan, Thomas, must, in Oct. 8, 1804, for one year ; must, out June 5, 1865 ; 

recruit; disch. near Bladeusburg, Mil.; April 28, 1865. 
Simmons, William (Lafayette), must, in Sept. 13, 1864, for one year ; must. 

out June 5, 1865 ; recruit ; trans, from Co. B. 
Sullivan, James, must, in Sept. 30, 1864, for one year; recruit. 
Thompson, William (Franklin), must iu Aug. 29, 1863. for three years; 

killed ill action at Peach-Tree Creek, Ga.. July 20, 1864. 
Vauatten, George (Vernou), must, iu Sept. 13, 1804, for one yoar; must, 
out June 5, 1805 ; recruit. 

CO. E, THIRTY-FIFTH INFANTRY. 
Vanover, James, second lieutenant; must, ill Sept. 18, 1863, for thioe 

years; res. March 7, 1804, disability. 
Dunn, Charles (Andover), must, in Sept. 18, 1863, for three years ; disch. 

at general hospital, Mound City, 111., April 18, 1804, disability. 
Hogan, Edmund, must, in Sept. 18, 1803, for three years; must, out Aug. 

24, 1866 ; regularly disch. at Newark, N. J.. May 8, 1865. 

SECOND NEW YORK CAVALRY.* * 
Field and SUiff. 

Kilpatrick, Judson (Deckertown), second lieutenant, First United States 
Art., May 0, 1801; first lieutenant May 14, 1801; brevet major 
June 17, 1803; brevet lieutenant-colonel July 3, 1863; captain 
March 30, 1804 ; brovet colonel May 13, 1804 ; brovet brigadier- 
general March 13, 1865; brevet major-general March 13, 1805; 
res. from United States army Dec. 1, 1805. Commissions held in 
volunteer service; lieutenant-colonel Second Regiment New York 
Cavalry, Harris Light Cavalry, to date Aug. 1,1801; brigadier-gen- 
eral Juno 13, 1863; brevet major gonoral Jan. 12, 1865; major- 
general June 18, 1865; res. Jan. 1, 1866. Commands': Third Cavalry 
Division, Army of Potomac; Cavalry Corps, Army of Tennessee. 
Wounded while making a charge on the rebel army at the cross- 
roads about a mile and a half from Resaca, hut suon recovered aud 
returned to his Command, 

Cooke, Edwin F. (Deckertown), lieutenant-colonel, 1803 ; pro. from 
major; brigadier-general 1805; died iu Chili, South America, 1867. 

* Harris Light Cavalry. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN T.V THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



i:$l 



Uatrlson, Willi It. (Newton), major, Hay 21, IS86; up. breed lleuten- 

aut*eolonel by Governor of New York; pro. from cu|ituin Co. U. 
(Soo sketch.) 

CO. A, SECOND NEW TORE CAVALRY. 
Griggs, George V. (Newton), first lieutenant; mu>!. in Aug. 7, 1881, fur 

1 1 j i • • - jean; pi", 'apt. .in Co. K, I 1862; killed near Culpeper 

Court-house, Va., Oct, 11, 1803. 
Hewitt, John A. i Waning. .. airporul; must In Aug. T, 1801, for three 

yearn; dlech. for illsnl llity. 
Kaufman, Jul... i-i. i.tu ; must, in Aug. 7, ISO], for tluv.- \ ..in, ; niunt. 

onl Sept. I, I8M. 

Black, w. (Sparta), must In Aug! 10, 1861, for three yeai 
Bma n, Joseph, must hi Aug, 7, 1861. 
Booth, Joseph, t In Aug. 1". 1861. 

Hun ill, J-.hn I,., must, in Aug. 10, IHlsi, for lit. \ .mm : t.ik.-tt p. ]-..... r 

Si pi 22, I- 8; died ... Belle Isle, prisoner, March, ISM. 
Cnurtright, Andrew (Beemerville), must, in Aug. 7, 1861, for three years; 

lun-i t Sept. i. i-. i 

Crane, Amxl (Sandyston) st. in Auk. 7, 1861, for three years; must 

...ii Pent 1, 1864. 
barman, William A. (Sandyston)! must In Aug. 10, 1861, for threo 

years. 
Crane, Obedlah, must. In Aug. 10, 1801, for three years; must, out Sept 

1804. 
brake, William, must. In Auk. in, 1861. 
Decker, John (Sandyston ,mustln Dee. 30, 1863, for three years: recruit; 

Irane. t.. Battery D March 16, i-'.i . Ihence to Vot. Res. Corp- Mar h 

16, I86S; dl<ch. thouco Nov. 28, 1805. 
Gutin, Henry A. (Nekton ., must, in Auk. In, 1801, fur throe years; must. 

out Sept. 1804 ; scout for Gen. Sherldau. 
Harris, H. (Stlllwotei ., must. In Aug. 7, 1801, for threo years. 
Branlon, Peter, must In Aug. 10, 1861, 

Kll.luy, Patrick i N.» i, must In Aug. 7, 1801, for threo years. 

I,. ... -.I.-, William, must in Ang. 7, 1861, for three years, 
I...-I.-I, William, must in Aug. 1", 1801, for three years. 
Mauley, Cornelius, must In Aug. Ill, 1801, for three years; must t 

Sept 1864. 

■ in Aug. 10, 1801, for threo years. 
Smith. P., urn. I. in Aug. In, 1801, for three y.-ais. 

St.. 1 1, A, S. (Sandys! must In Aug. 10, 1861, for throe years. 

Shelly, A. J., must, in Aug. 7. 1861, f.r three yean, 
Wlnans, 0. (Vernon), must In Aug, '. 1801. 
Wells, 11., must in Aug 7. 1861. 

CO. B, SECOND NEW YORK CAVALRY. 
Cooke, Edwin P. (Deckertown), captain; must, in Aug. 7, 1861, thi three 

. captured March 4, 1864, on the Dahlgren raid; Imprls .1 In 

l.ihi.y Prison f-.r one year; major Hay, 1862; lieutenant colonel 

180.1 j brlgn(Uer-ge I I-'..; died In Chill, South America, 1867. 

Uattlson, William It. (Newl , captain from October, 1864; pro, to 

major, ami hrevette.i lleutejiaut-colune] (8ee sketch, In another 

Drlnton, Henry (Newton), nr»t Ueuteuaut; must, in Aug. 7, 1861, Ibi 
three years; pro, captain Co. Q 1862; com, major 1863; not must. 
..n account of .in Insnflli i.ii. y ..I iu.< u in the regiment; wounded on 

Wilson's nilil, Septemher, ISH4; must. ...it September, 1804. 

Hotalen, Hulvln (Saudysl orderly sergeant; -t. In Aug. 7, 1801, 

lur three years; nol mustered oul with company. 
Nice, William i Montague), sergeant; must, in Aug. 7, ism, for three 

yean; rdei n; ettoond Ueutonaol 1662 , 

first lieutenant 1803; oapturad By Uoshynear Thorougiif.tr.. <;..p; 
must ...it September, 1864. 

stoil, John s, (Sandysl , sergeant; must. In Aug. 7, 1861, 

.,,...! Dm Septombet . 1864. 
stiiiii... .lam. - ii. (BrauchTtlle), nrgoant; must in Aug. i, 1861, f..r 
line,, yean; pro. sergeant; most out Sept 1, 1864. 

irge H, (Sandysl , sergeant; must In Aug. 7, 1861, fl>r three 

yearn; pro, sec 1 li.-i" n.t 1864; must ..nt September, 1864; 

i ..u tin. Brie Railroad. 
Young, James u (Sandyston), sergeant; must In Aug. 7, 1861, for three 

years; died in hospital, Arlington Heights, Vi. , D 

. lironlc .ii. .nil. .'.i 

llnekley, Samuel (Lafayette), oorporal; t In Aug. 7, 1661, for three 

years; must oul September, 1804; corporal 1868. 



Docker, Webster (Deckertowu), oorporal: must. In Aug. 7,1801, f..r three 

years; regularly dlsch, 1862 at Arlington Heights, Va. 
Haggerty, John H. ml; must, in Aug; 7, 1861, for 

three years; must out September, 1804; taken prisoner B 

lsOU 
Kittle, rauai (Sandyston . corporal; must, in Aug. 7, 1861, fur three 

years; must out s,.pt I, Im;4. 
I. n.t/, BJchard Walpack), corpural ; must, in Aug. 7, 1801, fur threo 
pro sergeant 1802; second lieutenant 1863; lint lieutenant 

1804; must put September, I 04 ; died 1670. 
Layton, 8tewart (Sandyston), an pnral : must, in Aug. 7, 1881, for three 

yean; pro.sergeant: must out Sept 1. 1684, 
.Major, Edward Sandysl in), corporal; must, in Aug. 7, 1*61, f-.r three 
: died at Mansion House Hospital, Alexandria, Vs.. P, 

ease, 1862. 
Smith, Sydney S. (Newton), oorporal; must in Aug. 7, 1861, for three 
must, out Sepl i~ i ; re-enl. September, 1804; serred till the 

close. 
Smiths., n, Ensign S. (Beemerrille). saddler; must. In Aug. 7, 1861, f.r 

three yean; must, out September, 1864; re-enl.; kille.i al 

Valley, Va , September, 1804. 
Dlngman, William (Sandyston), blacksmith; must. In Aug. 7, 1861, fur 

three y.u-; must ...it September, 1804. 

frinitr*. 

Itiinn, John S i sfayi tti . must. In Aug. 7, 1861, f.r three yean ; must 

out Sept. 1, 1861, 
Byrnes, Morgan, must. In Aug. 7, 1861, for throe years. 

Bis , William W. (Newton), must, in Aug. 7, 1861, for three yean; 

- plomber, l.si.'J. ilisal.llily. 
I'liin-r, K. A. (Lafayette), must In Aug. 7, 1861, (or three yean; must. 

...it Sept. I, 1804 
'".---i.lv. Edward , P.. kertowir, must, [n Aug. 7, 1861, for thr.-- yean ; 

must, out s.-pt. 1, 1864. 
I'. I,. i, .loin. - s;u, |,,t,,i, , must, in Aug. 7, 1801, for three years; must. 

out Sept. I, I -isl. 
Dolan, Patrick (Newton), must in Aug. 7, 1801, for three yean; must. 

■ ...t Sept 1. 1804. 
Gllroy, Patrick (Newton), must in Aug, 7, 1801, for three yean; must. 

...It Sept. 1. 1804 

Hibler, Whitfield, must, in Aug. 7, 1801, for three yean; must, out Sept. 

I, I si'rj ; rc-enl. for three yean; must. ,.ut June, 1 80S. 
Hiililron, Isaac; must. In Aug. 7, 1861, for threo years; must, out Sept. 1, 

1804; orderly to Qen. K. P. Itak.-r when killed. 
Hugonenmp, William, must in Aug. 7, 1861, for Hire, years; dl 

l.ility. 
Jeffreys, Charles (Newton), must In Aug. 7, 1861, for three yean; must 

out Sept. 1, 1804; ro-enl., and remained till close ..f the war. 
Kitchen, Adam II., must In Aug. 7, 1861, for throo years; regularly 

dlsch. 1862, disability. 
Ijmg.lon, James (Sparta), must In Aug. 7, 1801, for thr.s. yean; taken 

prisoner ; must, oul Sept. 1, lsOl. 

uott, John (Deckertowu), must In Aug. 7, 1861, for three yean; must. 

out Sept. i, 1804; re-enl, for Ihn t 
Lyons, William, must in Aug 7, 1801, for three yoars. 

i I.ii, must in Aug. 7, 1861, for three years: killed near Stc- 

phensburg. Va , 186 I, fbl his money. 
Stewart, Ge « BranchTUlr), must In Aug. 7, 1861, for thr 

It ...it s.pt i, 1804, 

Struble, W cm I Itr.m. I.vill,... must. In Aug. 7, 1861, f..r three yean. 

Sllsby, Andrew J. (Sandyston), must, in Aug. 7, I861,fbr threo years; died 

at Arlington Heights hospital, of cblODiC dl 

in Aug. 7, 1801, for three yean; must out 

Slater, Thomas . Krankfonli. mu-t. In Aug. 7. 1801, fbl three yoars ; miss- 
Ing front . .imp; supposed B) have I n killed, 1-... 

Shafer, Alexendet BUllwater), most In Aug. in, 1861, for Ihn 

must, out Septemher, 1884; taken prisoner at Culpeper, Oct II, 1803; 

pro. WCOnd lieutenant I".- K. 

i. . must. Iii Aug. 10, 1801, for throe yean; 
tt.iii-. t ■■ heavy K> duty; must out September, 1864, 

ild Hi. in hull. , must In Aug, In. 1861; rejei led by muster- 
ing offtcer. 
Yaugban, Jacob (Frank/brd), must in Aug. 7, 1861, for throo yean; 
ktlloil ii. 

ITU i, must, lu Aug. 10, 1801, for throo years; must. 
| '• nil it, P04. 



132 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Weaver, Benjamin (Newton), must, in Aug. 19, 1864, for one year; re- 
cruit; trans, to Co. K ; must, out June G, 1SG5. 

CO. A, FIRST CAVALRY. 

Howell, David W. (Lafayette), trans, from Co. M, First Cavalry (5. v.) ; 
must, out May 31, 1S65. 

Van Blarcom, "David (Sparta), must, in Sept. 5, 1S64, for que year; re- 
cruit; regularly discli. at camp near Cloud's Mills, Va. 



Utter, Isaiah (Ve: 



CO. C, FIRST CAVA LEY. 
n), must, in Sept. 2, 1SG1 , for tbr. 



1 ye. 



CO. E, FIRST CAVALRY. 
Wilkinson, Albert (Newton), corporal ; must, in Dec. 24, 1863, for three 
years; must, out July 24, 1805 ; recruit ; trans, from Co. G ; corporal 
Sept. 1, 1864. 

Privates. 

Cisco, James, must, in Dec. 28, 1863, for three years; recruit; trans, to 
Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 26, 1863: disch. thence Dec. 1, 1865. 

Decker, Hudson, must, in March 28, 1864, for three years ; must, out July 
24, 1865 ; recruit. 

Dc Grote, John, must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for three years ; must out July 24, 
1865 ; trans, from Third Regiment, New York Cavalry; re-enl. Jan. 
1,1864. 

Fox, Wesley W.. must, in Dec. 11, 1S63, for three years; must, out July 
24, 1865 ; recruit. 

Fisher, Charles B (Sparta), must, in Aug. 26, 1861, for three years; trans, 
to Vet. Bes. Corps Aug. 26, 1863 ; disch. thence Dec. 1, 1865. 

Hand, Judson, must, in Dec. 24, 1863, for three years; must, out July 24, 
1865. 

Kirhy, John (Newton), must, in Nov. 27. 1861, for three yearB ; tratiB. 
from Third Regiment, New York Cavalry; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1864; 
must, out July 24, 1865. 

Waer, Amzy (Newton), must, in Dec. 26, 1863, for three years ; must, out 
July 24, 1865 ; recruit. 

Ward, Thomas E., must, in Sept. 5, 1863, for three years; must, out July 
24, 1865; recruit. 

Washer, Nelson (Sparta), must, in Dec. 29, 1863, for three years; must, 
out July 24, 1805. 

Williams, Samuel, must, in Jan. 4, 1864, for three years; must, out July 
24, 1 865 ; recruit. 

Workman, John (Newton), must, in Feb. 4, 1862, for three years; re- 
cruit ; disch. at Judiciary Square United States army general hos- 
pital, Washington, D. C, Nov. 12, 1862, disability. 

CO. F, FIRST CAVALRY. 
Grovcr, John S. (Andover), must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year ; must, out 

June 19, 1865. 

CO. H, FIRST CAVALRY. 
Morford, William E. (Newton), captain; enl. Aug. 20, 1S61 ; muBt. in 

Feb. 19, 1862, for three years ; adjutant Aug. 20, 1861 ; pro. to captain, 

vice Perley, disch.; res. March 24, 1862, to accept commission as 

captain and assistant quartermaster United States volunteei-s ; must. 

out Sept. 10, 1800. 
Fleming, David, sergeant ; must, in Dec. 29, 1803, for three years ; must. 

out July 24, 1865 ; recruit ; corporal Nov. 1, 1864 ; Bergeant May 1, 

1865. 
Layton, Joseph E. (Sandyston), sergeant; must, in Sept. 26, 1861, for 

throe years ; disch. at Cnmp Bayard, near Belle Plain, Va., March 15, 

1803, disability ; corporal Aug. 27, 1861 ; sergeant Jan. 1, 1862. 
Predmore, Daniel II.. sergeant; enl. Aug. 27, 1801; must, in Sept. 12, 

1861, for three years; must, out Sept! 10,1804; corporal Aug. 27, 

1861 ; private Dec. 15, 1861 ; sergeant Nov. 1, 1863. 
Iteeder, George, sergeant; must, in Sept. 2, 1801, for three years; must. 

out July 24, 180.1; corporal Jan. 1, 1803; aergeant Nov. 1, 1863; re- 
enl. Jan. 1, 1864. 
Hotelnn, Daniel, corporal ; must, in Aug. 29, 1861, for three years ; must. 

out Sept. 16, 1804; corporal Jan. 1, 1803. 
Van Ettou, John (Sandyston), corporal; must, in Sept 2, 1861, for three 

years; disch. March 11,1803, disability. 
Warner, Peter D. (Sandyston), corporal ; must. In Dec. 29, 1863, for throe 

years; recruit; disch. at Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 19, 1804, disability. 

Private*. 

Hoagland, John M., must. In Oct. 9, 1861, for three years; disch. at hos- 
pital, Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 28, 1803, disability. 

Haggorty, Nelson E, must. In Jan. 4, 1804, for throo years; recruit; 
trans, to Co. K ; must, out July 24, 1805. 



Norman, Benjamin (Sparta), must, in Aug. 27, 1S01, for three years. 

O'Brien, James, must, in Oct. 8, 1803, for three years; recruit. 

O'Brien, Richard (Lafayette), must, in Aug. 7, 1861, for three years; 

must, out Sept. 1, 1804. 
Snal.le. George S. (Franklin), must, in Dec. 29, 1863, for three years; 

must, out July 24, 1865 ; recruit , trans, from Co. B. 
Snover, Sanford (Stillwater), must, in Sept. 19, 1861, for three years; 

must, out July 24, 1865 ; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1804. 

CO. K, FIRST CAVALRY. 

Broderick, Virgil (Newton), captain ; must, in Sept 2, 1804, for three 
years; pro. to major Sept. 28, 1862 ; lieutenant-colonel, vice Karge, 
res.; killed in action at Brandy Station, Va., June 9, 1863; buried at 
National Cemetery, Culpeper Court-house, Va., font of flag-staff. 

Brooks, Joseph (Newton), captain : must, iu Sept. 2, 1864, for three years ; 
corporal Sept. 2, 1861 ; sergeant Feb. 19, 1 862 ; first lieutenant Co. H, 
Oct. 8, 1862; captain, vice Sawyer, pro.; must, out Sept. 27, 1S64; re- 
commissioned Oct. 20, 1804; regularly disch. Jan. 13, 1865. 

Haines, Thomas R (Hamburg), first lieutenant; must, in Aug. 27, 1861, 
for three years; pro. to captain Co. M, Feb. 19, 1862,.i>ice Fowler-, 
disch. ; killed in action at Harrisonburg, Va., June 6, 1862 ; buried at 
Hamburg, N. J 

Fowler, John (Franklin), second lieutenant; must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for 
three years; res. Feb. 20, 1862; re-enl. first lieutenant Co. K, Fif- 
teenth Regiment, Jan. 19, 1863, for three years; second lieutenant 
Aug. 15, 1862, vice Edsall, pro. ; killed in action at Salem Heights, 
Va., May 3, 1863. 

Hogen, William M., second lieutenant; must, in Feb. 19, 1862, for three 
years; commissary sergeant Co. L; second lieutenant, vice Fowler, 
reB. ; res. Oct. 9, 1862. 

McPeek, George W. (Vernon), first sergeant; must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for 
three years; must, out July 24, 1865 ; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1864, sergeant ; 
first sergeant Sept. 1, 1804: commissioned second lieutenant Co. L, 
July 18. 1S65; not mustered. 

Booth, William S„ sergeant: must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for three years; must, 
out July 24, 1805; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1804; sergeant Sept. 1, 1804. 

Canfield, Lemon, sergeant ; must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for three years ; must, 
out July 24, 1865; corporal Nov. 1, 1861; re-enl. Jan. 1,1864; ser- 
geant Sept. 1, 1804. 

Cox, Thomas S. (Lafayette), sergeant; must, in Sept. 2,1861, for three 
years ; sergeant-major Fob. 19, 1802: sergeant Oct. 21, 1S02; pro. to 
second lieutenant Co. M, Oct. 21, 1802; first lieutenant, vice Beck- 
man, pro. ; regularly discli. Oct. 7, 1804, wounds received in action. 

Decker, Richard (Wantage), sergeant ; must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for three 
years; died at Mount Pleasant United States army general hospital, 
Washington, D. C, Jan. 11, 1804, of wounds received in acMon at 
Hawes' Shop, Va. ; buried at National Cemetery, Arlington, Va. ; 
corporal ; sergeant Oct. 1, 1862. 

Lewis, Thomas, Jr. (Newton), sorgeant; must, in Sept. 2, 1801, for three 
years; must, out July 24, 1805; sergeant Feb. 1, 1803; private Aug. 
25, 1803; re-enl. Feb. 27, 1804; sergeant May 1, 1805. 

Larou, Whitfield (Hamburg), sergeant; must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for three 
years; regularly disch. at United States army general hospital, Bal- 
timore, Md., Fob. 4, 1863, wounds received in action. 

Heater, Henry (Newton), sergeant; must, in Sept. 2,1861, for three years ; 
must, out Sept. 16, 1804; corporal July 1,1863 ; sergeant Jan. 1,1864. 

HendershOt, John M., sergeant; must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for throe years; 
must, out Sept. 16, 1864; corporal July 1, 1863; sergeant Juno 12, 
1864. 

McKiunoy, Lawrence (Andover), sorgeant; must, jn Sept. 2, 1801, for 
three years: must, out Sept. 10, 1801; bugler Aug. 26,1861; sergeant 
July 1, 1861 

Moran, Charles (.'. (Hamburg), sorgeant; must, in Sept. 2, 1861, for threo 
years; disch. at Camp Bayard, Va., March 15, 1803, disability; cor- 
poral Aug. 20, 1801 ; sergeant Jan. 19, 1862. 

Powell, William II., sergeant; must, iu Sept. 21, 1863, for three yearB ; 
must, out July 24, 1865 ; recruit; trans, from Co. A ; sergeant Juno 
1, 1865; com'it second lieutenant Co. II, July 18, 1805; not mustered. 

Tuthill, Robert, sorgeant; unlet, in Sept. 2, 1801. for three years; must, 
out Sept. 16, 1864; corporal Nov. 1, 1862; sergeant Jan. 1,1863; com- 
missioned second lieutenant Co. B, July 19. 1804 ; nut mustered. 

White, Aaron II. (Andover), sergeant; must, in Sept. 2, 1801, for threo 
years; must, out July 24. 1805; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1804 ; corporal July I, 
1804 ; sergeant Sept. 1, 1864. 

Callaghan, Michael (Franklin), corporal | must, iu Sept. 2, 1801, for three 
years ; died Aug. 5, 1861, of wounds received in action at Trovil- 



SUSSEX AND WARREN' IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



!:;:; 



lliuiSiiiiiiiM, Vii. ; buried at Kotlonal Cemetery, ArUngton, Va. ; cor- 
poral Mulch I, 1SIH. 
Henyou, Peter (Frankllu), oorporal; must, in Sept. 2, 18G1 , for three 

ynn; nvenl. Jan. I, IBM; i uri) I Sepl I, 181 I. 

Hqflmau, C/luulee, corporal ; mnit In Sept 2, 1801, foi Uiree years; must. 

out Hay 31, 1806; corporal March I, 186 i 
Sheridan, Thomas, corporal; must hi Sept. 23, 1803, fur throe years; 

must miii .luiv 24, 1866; recruit; tram rrom Co. II; corporal Sept. 

I, IBM. 
Sheridan, William, corporal; must 111 Aug. 22. 186-1, for three yearn; 

must out JulJ 24, 1806; recrull ; corporal July I, lsoj. 
\ lei belt, Juiuee K, corporal ; muat.Iu Del 22, 1803, for three years; 

must, uiil July 24, 1806 ; reel nil ; corporal July I, 1306. 
McCaity, Uauiel (Krauklin,, blacksmith ; lnu»t. Ill Sept. J, I8t)l,fur three 

years; died of Infleuiiuatli I the bowels at ' nvulry Corps Hospital, 

City Point, Va., Auk. 22, 1864; hurlixl ut Cavalry Oji|« Cemetery, 

City 1'olut, Nil; i .-.•hi. Jan. 1, IBM. 
B .ii k, i'etei P., blacksmJUi ; must lu Sept 2, 1861, for three years; 

must, out July 21, lsuu; rc-oiil. Jam 1, lsM; blackalullh Sept. 1, 

IBM. 



s; must. 
. to Vet. 



out May 
• Ut Hay 



recruit ; 



liarleS, must, iii Sept. J, 1864 ; must, out Muy 31, lBou ; 

ci nit; dlscli. utcomp uear Cloud's Mills, Va., May s, leoi. 
Broui in, Oliver , Wantage), must, in bob, IV, 1304, foi three yet 

out J uly 24, le04; recruit; traus. from Co. a. 
Barkumu, Joseph I.. (Laluyette), must lu Sept. ■!, lsul ; tun 

Jul) I, 18UJ; 'ii- h, Nov. ... 1»M. 
Bird, Johu, iiiiist. in Jam. '.i, 1303, lor three years; recruit. 
Cole, Frederick 3., inust. in Ma) 31, 1666, for one year; must 

ill, I Mi'. : recruit, 
i ,..i., w .Li i. ii II , must iii Sept. 1, IBM, lor one year; must. 

II 1666; i. 'i nui. 
Cupehiud, William, inii-l. iii Nov. IT, IMi.l, lor three years; 

July 24, 1866: recruit 
Coleman, John I fruukfurd), must lu Sept. »,1 64,foi uue yem 

trims, to Co. A; must out July ~~. 1865; recruit 
Coukllu, Walter i: , must in Sept 2, 1861 three years; died at lamp 

Mercer, Va., Ui t. • :, l-i.l. 
Drill, i hi \ i uou), must, in s.pt. ;:, itsol, for three yeaie. 
Davenport, WUUani II, U, must, in Bept. .', i.m.i, i ne year; must. 

out May 31, 1660; i lit. 

Drake, Joseph L. (ii upl 2, IBtll, foi three )tars. 

l.il-.iii, II. ■mi W. (Uardys ),i t iu sepl. 2, ltHil, lui ihrw 

must out Sept 16, IsM. 
Fountain, Xhouuu A . must in Sept I. 1364,1 i oueyeai , must, out May 

31, 16(1 1; recruit. 
li'i.l 11., nl, Michael i fraukllu), must in Supl 2, 1861, foi three years; died 
i -.mi) at Audurauuville, i. a , July 24, 1664; hurled at Nutloual 

i enietery, Audurauuville, '-..,'.-.. 

llalln.in, .Inlm. mi..!, in JaU. U, IBM, I ree lean 

1363; alt; trans, hum CO. 1. 

I [.mill I. in. Mai ci. s A., Iilllnt. Ill Sept. 1, IBM, for OUU 

31, 1366; recruit. 

Ii.-ii.ii-i-ii.il, M,,ii.. in n-i in Sept 'J, I M,|, |. n ii j 

10, I8M, 
Heater, John (Novel , must lu Sept 2, 1801, foi three yean 

I 1 1 . i ■ > United Mates army general hospital Oct 27, 1362, dhathillty. 
Bel bolt, Autl i i.s.-ii ), must lu i'oh. lu, 1804, hit ti 

. I mi I . tiling I.. Co. II. 

Huwk, Itluhurd, tuusl lu Sept 2, 1801, foi three) tlodasdied 

ut rebel piisou at Jacksonville, I la , Mu) 2U, 1866; burled utJuck- 
.- iiivlllu, I la 

II, .ml. u, Mulvln G. i. Suu.lv * , must lu Sept 2, 1801, lot tin 

Hughes, 1'etui (Franklin) let, lu 



ii. i.. 



U 



must. out July 24, 
r ; must, mil Hay 
- ; iiui-t ..at Sept 



l,Juhu,muel m Sept . '-. i->-i, i.-i tl ■ years; recrull 

ut Del amp I tilled States army geueral huej Itul, David's Island, New 

Kurt Hail ur.Ucl I . I - i, dls ibllity. 
HcClmv, UoburlJ • Ii <■ ,1 M,fur threuyeors; mustont July 

- 1, 1366; i.-i i mi 
Bel II, Mi. Iiuul, inii-t. in Jan. .ii, 1804, i -I H years; must out 

-lull 24, 136 - 
U i ii. William, must lu Oct ii. 1803, foi Ihres yean; must '-ut 

Jul) 24, 1806; rei rull 
Phillips, William S., mual iu Kali I ,1803, for three years; must out 

July 24, 1806 , Irani !■ I - I 



Prcdniore, John. inn,l in Sept -. I804,for three years; must, out May 

i 1806; recruit; illscl,. ai amp neal Cloud's Mills, Va. 
Predtuore, William, must, lu Sept -, 1804, fur uue yeai ; must 

23, 1806; recrull ; dutch, at Ward United States army general hos- 
pital, Newark, V J. 

Bochelle, MalihiD (Sparta), must, in Bept -, 1801, for three yean; must. 

out Bept. 10, IBM; curpond Aug. -~, 1301. 
Rogers, Duiin-l . llululiiii u i, Inuot. in Bept 2, 1301, lor three yea] 

..ut July 24, 1606; I— nl. Jan. 1, INJ4. 
Smith, I. iiiai.l, iini-l. in Veil. ll,l*M,lur three years; tuiist. out July 

■a, iboo; ra mil 
Smith, Thomas, must, lu Ui I. 3, 1804, lor oue year; »t. out July 24, 

1606; recruit. 
Smith, Tl .a- i. , a, n. i. in s.-pt. 2, 1801, lor three yean; must out July 

24, IBM; rc-eul.Jun. I, l«64. 

Snyder, John, must in Aug. i7, Im.I, lor three yean; must ."it July 24, 

1306; lraus.lroinCo.il; re-eul.Jou 1,1304; sergeant Aug. 27, 1361. 

Stoll, Joseph K., mual in Bept ■!, 1881, tor three )ean; must out July 

sniii.ii-.il, Jueob II., must, lu Aug. 10, leoi, tor th yean; n emit. 

Towiiselnl, i lni-li.pl, ei , Ne\. t.,ii i. in, i-l. in Sept J. l-i. I tin. 

dlscli. ut i amp i itslts, Va., In-., it, 1801; minor. 
Tldohock, John iriaiikli.,1, inii-t. m sept, j, 1801, t"i tliree years 
Vauderhool, William 0., lunar, lu Sept. 2, le04,fui on.- yeai ; must. out 

July J-, Im.i ; I.- i mi , ,.i- it. at Wani United Stat 

hospital, Newark, N. J., May 3, 1806. 
Vauderhool, Jacob H., must lu Sept '.:, 1804, for three yean; recruit; 

uisch. m Lluculii United States army general hospital, Woshiugtou, 

D. c. Mu) I. i-i... disability. 
Wail. I--.-. Johu I. . niii-i. in Uct 6, IBM, for one year; must, out July 

24, ima.; recruit; linus. Irom Co. K. 
Ward, Francis iLoloyette , must, in Aug. 29, IBM, for oue year; must. 

out Mai 31, i> i, recruit; traus. Irom Co. 11; dlscli. ut camp uear 

Cloud's .Mill-. Va.. M.ii 3, l-n.i. 
Wall.-,. Petei ' I .!..- ■ M- . must in I>cc. -1'J. 1*6.1, for three .veins; must, 
nut July 24, l-'-i , I" mil. 

Williams, tseorge I Nuwtun), must iu Sept lu, 1803, lor three yean; must 
outJuli 24,le06; re rult 

OU M, II i;>T CAVALKY. 

Jones, Harry (Haniburg), Bret Ueuteuaut; must, in Jan. 12, 1302, lor 

three yeam; trai,- liin ' - I., tiuus. to Co. 11; ivguhul) 111 
Dee. 7, leOJ. 

Bristol, Horace W., lirst Ueuteuaut; must, in Oct. b, 1 nl, for three 

years; pro. captain In. ii, -May II, lel,2; regula, 1} ..l-ch. Ilex. -, lNj3, 

Wttshlug 1' i . disability. 

Aii-iui, AI1J - ...inl licut mt; must lu March 

com. - iVarbusee, disch.; killed iu aclluu ..i 

I e.l.n Vl--uiil.ini, \ ... r\Ug. 'J, lelii. 
W ai I- . i- -- Samuel (LalaJ utte;, seeoud liellteli.ini , in ii -I lu Oct 6, 1301, 
lor tin- l.i Ulsch. Apnl II, 1m.., .ii-.u mil. 

Tilunou, Janii ilL(! i -nl, i..r 

ii.i-. ...ii-, must out July 24,1806; corpora] Dec 1. 1302; 

July I, 1303; i ul. Jau. i, 1304; — lurlj sorgi u I J -. u 

Edsall, Andrea -i , sergi aul , must iu Oct ■-, 1301, i--i u .i i 

ai lamp bayard, \ a, siarcli II. 1303, disability. 
Iiuul, sii..i.ii.u, -I..-. mi, must iu ii- 1. 1 . l-i.l, i.-i three yeevn; must 

.ui July -i, IB0S; curpural March II, 1602; private Ireli 
lu 

AllllllL-. It.'l -I I K 1 . -t. 

i.. i three )'eais; uuisl .-ut Jul.. 

' -lull I, Im.I. 

it.-eni. i. ii.i, H--II . I.., i. ... ..i.-i. , ,.i|K,iai, inn i. in 1 1 i .., l-.i, i.. i three 

i ,n. I, Im-. , corporal July 

pe. iu, I' i : ... i-i. i. i-i Urn 

killed in a. 1 1. .a ai Todd's Cateru, v .. . Ua] . IM i . curpural Nov I. 
■ nl Jau 1. 1304. 

Kl-lnii.J II..-H-.U.I; It lu Oct 0, 1801, foi I 1 

out Jul) 24, I-'-- , - i... .nt N - 
vale Jan. I, I.M.l, corporal Ji.lv i. 

tilll,. 1.1 II. Jalne- K , I ^,|a V el te i , i..l|..|al J Hill. I. Ill l>c Jl, 1803, iW 

three yean; must I Jul] 3, 1366; ourpol . 

II beck, .'..ne- niorai; iiiiist. iu K.l. 2V, 1304, lol 

. - ai- , niu-l. - in .Inn.- l_, : i-.iiilJ.iu 1,1-1.. 

Van in. ii - iai; inii-t In Oct 0, leOI, lor three 



13-i 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



years; must, out July 24, 1865; recruit; re-enl. March 12, 1S04 ; 

corporal Jan. 1, 1865. 
Belcher, Peter (Hamburg), bugler; must, in Oct. 6, 1SG1, for three years; 

must, out Oct. 10, 1804.. 
McPeek, Isaac, farrier; must, in Oct. 6, 1SG1, for three years; must, out 

July 24, 1806 ; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1864 ; farrier Jan. 1, 1864. 
"Williams, Charles, saddler; must, in Feb. 9, 1804 ; recruit ; trans, to Vet. 

Res. Corps Sept. 20, 1864; disch. thence July 11, 1865; trans, from 

Co. F; saddler July, 1804. 
Dolan, Peter (Franklin), blacksmith; must, in Oct. 6, 1801, for three 

years; must, out Oct. 10, 1804. 
Anderson, Hubert J., blacksmith ; must, iu Oct. IS, 1801, for three years; 

disch. Nov. 17, 1802, disability. 

Bateumn, William T. (Franklin), must, in Sept. 3, 1863, for three years; 

must, out July 24, 1805 ; recruit. 
Berrigan, William (Franklin), must, in Oct. 6, 1861, for three years; 

must, out July 24, 1S05 ; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1864. 
Boyd, Thomas, must, in Oct. 0, 1801, for 'three years ; must, out July 24, 

1805; recruit. 
Brunei', David, must, in Dec. 22, 1863, for three years ; must, out July 

24, 1805 ; recruit. 
Buriiham, Charles W., must, iu Dec. 31, 180:1, for three years ; must, out 

July 24, 1805. 
Breunan, Patrick, must, iu Oct. 4, 1802, for three years; recruit; trans. 

to Co. H ; uiust. out July 24, 1S65. 
Bloom, August (Vernon), must, iu Sept. 18, 1863, for three years; re- 
cruit ; killed in action at Mountain Bun, Va., Nov. 27, 1803 ; trans. 

from Co. E. 
Campbell, James, must, iu Oct. 10, 1801, for three j ears ; must, out July 

24, 1805; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1804. 
Cassidy, Terrence, must, iu Feb. 4, 1864, for three years ; must, out July 

24, 1S65. 
Goukliu, John L., must, in Jan. 5, 1S04, fur three years ; must, out July 

24, 1865. 
Coyle, Thomas, must, in Sept. 1, 1803, for three years; must, out Jan. 29, 

1865. 
Decker, Samuel, must, in Oct. 10, 1801, for three years; must, out July 

24, 1865. 
Delaney, Patrick, must, iu Feb. 4, 1864, for three years; must, out July 

24, 1865 ; recruit; trans, from Co. D. 
Doyle, James, must iu Aug. 11, 1864, for one year; must, out June 12, 

1865. 
Drew, Jacob M. (Vernon), must, iu Oct. 7, 1861, for three years ; must, out 

Oct. 10, 1864. 
Dm ling, Robert S. (Sparta), must, in Sept. 5, 1864. for one year ; recruit ; 

trans, to Co. A ; disch. at general hospital, Newark, N. J., May 3, 1865 
Earl, William, must, in Sept. 6, 1864, for one yeur; must, out May 31, 

1805; recruit; regularly disch. at camp near Cloud's Mills, Va., May 

8, 1865. 
Kverman, Daniel (Franklin), must, iu Oct. 10, 1801, for three years; must. 

out July 24, 1865; re-enl. Jan. 1, 1804; returned from Co. K, Fif- 
teenth Regiment, Sept. 16,1802. 
Everman, William (Franklin), must, ill Oct. 10, 1801, for three years; 

disch. at Alexandria, Va., Jan. 15, 1802, disability. 
Emmons, David II., must, in Sept. 5, 1804, for one year; recruit; trans. 

to Co. F; must, out May 25, 1805. 
Everman, James (Hamburg), must, in Oct. 9, 1801 : died of chronic diar- 
rhoea at Hamburg, N. J., Jan. 8, 1865 ; re-enl. 
Edsall, Benjamin H. (llardystun), must, in Oct. 23, 1861, for three years ; 

corporal Oct. 23, 1861 ; private Feb. 9, 1802. 
Fitzgibhons, Robert J , must, in Aug. 28, 1808, for three years. 
Gunii, Wilson C, must, iu Feb. 27, 1864, for three years; must, out July 

24,1805; recruit. 
Oiover, Edward (Auduver), must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year; recruit ; 

trans, to Co. F; must, out May 25, 1865. 
Iloppuugh, Horace, must, in Oct. 6, 1861, for three years ; must, out Oct. 

10, 1864. 
Uornbeck, Aaron J. (Montague), must, ill Feb. 29, 1864, for three years; 

must, out July 24, 1865; recruit. 
Horiibecli, George W. (Montague), must, iu Feb. 29, 1804, for three years ; 

must, out July 24, 1865 ; recruit. 
Holmes, Charles (Sparta), must, in Sept. 0, 1861, for three years; must. 

out Oct. HI, 1864. 
Hawk, Asa, must. in Feb. 20, 1801, for throe years; recruit; trans, to Co. 



E; died July 2, 1S64, of wounds received in aclion at Todd's Tavern, 

Va.; buried at National Cemetery, Alexandria, Va , Grave 2289. 
Horubeck, Alexander (Montague), must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year; 

recruit ; trans, to Co. A ; must, out May 31, 1865. 
Howell, David W. (Lafayette), must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year; re- 
cruit; trans, to Co. A ; must, out May 31, 1805. 
Iugersoll, James W , must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year; recruit ; trans. 

to Co. A ; must, out May 31, 1805. 
Kitlicart, Benjamin (Swartswood). must, in Oct. 0, 1861, for three years; 

regularly disch. Oct. 13, 1862, disability ; corporal Oct. 4, 1861 ; private. 
Lott, David, must, iu Oct 6, 1801, for three years; regularly disch. at 

general hospital, Newark, N. J., May 15, 1862, disability. 
Lemon, Joseph F. (Stillwater), must iu Feb. 29, 1804, for three years ; re- 
cruit; trans, to Co. F; must, out July 24, 1805. 
Murray, James, must, iu Sept. 20, 1801, for one year; recruit; trans, to 

Co. A; must, out May 31, 1865 
Murray, Thomas, must, in Aug. 22, 1864, for three years ; recruit ; trans. 

to Co. E ; recruit ; must, out July 24, 1865. 
Pulley, Sydney (Hardystuu), must, in Dec. 29, 1863, for three years ; must. 

out July 6, 1805 ; recruit. 
Parlinient, John (Franklin), must, iu Oct. 9, 1801, for three years : disch. 

at general hospital, Washington, D. C., Oct. 18, 1862, disability. 
Reed, Wintield S. (Sparta), must, iu Sept. 6, 1804, for one year; must, out 

May 31, 1806 ; recruit. 
Rosenernutz, Joseph (Hamburg) must, iu Oct. 10, 1861, for three years ; 

must, out Oct. 10, 1864. 
Severeool, Nathan A. (Stillwater), must, in Aug. 11, 1804, for one year ; 

must, out May 31, 1805; recruit; trans. from Co. A. 
Snover, Sydney V., must, iu Aug. 1 1, 1804, for one year ; must, out May 

31, 1865; recruit; trans, from Co. A. 
Straway, Henry, must, in Oct. 6, 1861, for three years ; must, out Oct. 10, 

1804. 
Shuler, Andrew J., must, in Oct. 8, 1801, for three years ; disch. at 

general hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., April 21, 1802. disability. 
Savercool, Robert (Stillwater), must, in Sept. 5, 1«64, for one year; re- 
cruit; trans, to Co. A; must, out May 31, 1805. 
Tillman, Edward S. (Wantage), must, iu Dec. 31, 1863, for three years; 

must, out June 28, 1805 ; recruit. 
Tracy, Edward S , must, in Sept J, 1801, for three years; must, out July 

24, 1805 ; recruit. 
Thorpe, Frederick (Newton), must, ill Oct. 0, 1801, for three years; re- 
cruit. 
Ward, Daniel (Newton), must, in Sept. 5, 1864, for one year; recruit; 

trans, to Co. A; died of heart disease at camp near Boydton Plank 

Road, Va., Oct. 18, 1804; buried at Poplar Grove National Cemetery, 

Ail, Division A, Section F, Grave 15. 
Winterinute, Ezra D., must, in Oct. 6, 1861, for three years; mast, out 

Oct. 10, 1804. 

CO. F, SECOND CAVALRY. 
Thornton, George (Deckertown), must, iu Sept. 0, 1804, for one year; 

must, out June 29, 1805 ; recruit; disch. at Memphis, Tenn., May 3, 

1805. 

CO. G, SECOND CAVALRY. 
Coursen, Samuel .1. (Frankford), must, in Sept. 14, 1804, for one year; 

must, out June 29, 1865. 
Merilug, Francis (Walpack), must, in Sept. 6, 1804, for one year; must. 

out June 9, 1805; recruit; regularly disch. May 12, 1805. 
Rutaii, Hudson (Hamburg), must, in Sept. 6, 1864, for one year; must, out 

Juno 29, 1865; recruit; legiilnrly disch. at Vicksburg, Miss., May 8, 

1865. 
Smith, Nelson C. (Wykertowu), must, in Sept. 0, 1864, for one year; must. 

out June 20, 1865; recruit; regularly disch. at Vicksburg, Miss., May 

8, 1865. 

CO. B, THIRD CAVALRY. 
Cuult, Isaac (Sandyston), first sergeant; must, in Jan. 29, 1804, for three 

years; must, out Aug.. 29, 1866; corporal Jan. 5, 1864; first sergeant 

Aug. 1,1864. 
Gordon, John A. (Newton), corporal ; must, in Jan. 24, 1864, for throe 

years; must, out Aug. 0, 1805; farrier Jan. 13, 1864; corporal March 

1, 1805. 

Privates. 
lllanchard, Bradner (Newton), must, in Jan. 29, 1864, for three years; 

must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 
Emory, William, must. In Sept. 28, 1864, for one year; recruit ; trans, to 

Co. E; final record unknown. 



SnSSFA' AND WARREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



185 



F'.\, William (Kewton), nrast in Jan. 29, 1804, for Ifaree years; mail out 

Aug. I. I-'. . 

Grey, William Newt , must, in Jan. 29, 1804, foi n yean 

ward ■' ■ 7, I SOfi 

McGnlgan, Thomns (Newton), must in Aug. 31, 1804; recruit; tram, to 

Oo, IS; must out Juno 15,1865; recruit; regularly ,h-> li. nl camp 

i r CI I'l Mills, Ve , April 28, 1806; died in Newton. 

Bliluer, Roliert T. I Newton), musk In Jen. 20, 1804, for three years; must. 

out Aug. i I 
Blmpt William H. (Newton), must. In Feb. 10, 1804, f..r three years; 

must, out Auk. 1, 18W; corporal Feb, 1". 1804; private Jan 

I | in lovi must, in .inn. 29, 1804, i"i' Hires years; 

null .mi Aug. 1. 1805. 
Btrublc, Peter M. (Bulevllle), mnst in Jan. 29, 1804, foi Him 
lownsend, John .1., Jr. (Fiction), must in Jau, 29, 1804, for three years; 

must, out Aug. 8, 1805 ; regularly dlsch. at Treutou, Julj S,18l 



Battln, .' 



lul II II I BATTEllY, LIGHT ARTILLERY. 

.i. M. 



Mls< -LI.I.AM nl s NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA REGI- 
MENTS. 
Belt*, Willi 0. (Sparta), Oo. A, Forty-eighth Regiment Pennsylvania 

Voluul 
Blanchard, Bamuel S. I Lafayette), Co. E, Fifty-eighth Regiment Peuusj I- 

vuniu Volunteers. 
Bubcock, Niiii.un (Franklin), Co. B, One Hundred and Twenty-fourth 

i. i New ^ irk Volunteers. 

Buchanan, William II. I .Heckertuwn) , Co. I, One Hundred uii.l Twelltll 

New Y,,ik Volunteers. 
Bee i.. I. .In. (Wantage), Co.— .Eighty-ninth Regiment Now York Vol- 
unteers; iini-i in 1801 for three years; died May 211, 1802, 
Clark, Walls Wantage), corporal, Co. D, N'iuety-flRh New fork Vol- 
unteers. 
Duvenpuit, Hahlou (Slauhnpi I, Co. I, Firty-seventh New York Volunteers. 

Fny.C i Co. D, Eighty-eighth New York Volunteers. 

Georgia, Levi U. (Bee rvilli I, Co, D, One Hundred sud Furty-niuilh 

Reglmenl New York Veterans, 
p'Brieu, WllUani(Kewtou),enl. 1801, lu the Engineer Corps 61 N< 

years: must, out In 1804 
0'Loary, John (Newtuu), eul 1801, at St Louis, Mo, Co. E,Flrsl Mlm nil 

Light Al tiller) i dlat b. 1802, 
Rice, Edward i Hamburg), C i. A, I Hundred and Twenty-fourth New 

Hurt N olui i-. 

ini, 'm A, Seveuty-eec I Reglmenl New Turk Vol- 

nnteers; must In September, IsOl, for three yeais; wounded June 

11. 1862. 
Wutts, Jamea (Franklin), Co I, Fifth New York Volunteers. 
Wilson, Hampton S, Turn..-- id Iteglmeul New York Volunteers; 

must In 1801 for Hi years; died April 15, 1802, i wouudt re- 

i,ii, .1 ui West Polut, 
Fore, Petei I Newton), onl. In 1801 In the Snpiwrs and Miners Engineer 

Corp* of New York for tlin-,- years; must out in 1804. 

II.— WARREN COUNTY SOLDIERS. 

I'n'sidc tlif names cntliraeeil in the following rosters, 
Warren County furnished many men who enlisted in 
commands other than those here given, a> well as in 
troops nl Pennsylvania, New York, and other States; 
among wh maj be named Lieut. Chas, Bute, who, 

W'lli twiiilN men hum Warren County, enlisted iii 
I lO. 1, Of the 1 llli Pa. Cavalry. 

CO. I>, FIRST RBGIMi \ C 
[Tulscomi in ws id at Phllltpilrarg and vicinity, and vraa nins- 

!'■ int i the United States sorrlce with Hie regtment, Hay 21, 1801 . 

Valentino Mutchler, caplalu ] pro. to majoi Eleventh Regl nt, Aug. 

,.. |ge | 
Charles Bltgnnves, .h . uk i lieutenant, June 7, 1861 ; flrnt lieutenant 

Auk. 10, 1801 1 • aptalu, cut Hutelilor, pi u 
ll,iiii \ McLaughlin, first lieutenant; res. July 31, 1801. 
bluules \\ Mm. 1,1,1 . in. i sergeant, Hoy 22, 1801; second lloutennnl 

Sept 18, 1801 ; first lloutennut, rfa 311 motod;ri Noi i 

Ih02 



Andrew J. Mutchler, private, March i^, IB62; corporal April . 

. i nontenant Aug. SO, Im.'j, Brsl lleutonnnt.tnei C.W. Mm, hi-,, 
j ned; res. Feb. 16, 1808; re-enl. Jau. 4, 1884, first sergeant Com- 
pany B 
I-iui,' I., F. BUklu, first sergeant, Co. F; sccoiul lleuteuant Sept ji 1801 : 

nr-t lieutenant Co. H, Oct. 7,1802; trans, from Co. II ; pro. to adju- 
tant Si pi -"i- ■ 
Gustavus N. Abeel, i nd lieutenant, rice A.J. Mutchler. i 

pro. fint lieutenant Co. B, Aug. 
Edward II. Bwayie, sergeant, May JJ. ItHJI : first sergeant .In , 

ninxt ..nt Jane 23. 1804. 
s. .inn, I B Mutchler, corporal, May 22,1801; sergeant Juno 14,1802; 

luu-t out June 2-t, im,4. 
John VI ii i, corporal, May 22, lsr-i j sergeant June 14, 1862; niuet. 

„ui Juue 23, 1804. 

. May 22, 1861 ; sergeant Sept. 14, 1802; pro. 

to sergeant- majoi oi i. 16, 1802, 
Joseph Llilille, sergeant; re-enl. Feb. 11, 1804; corporal Aug. I, 18i4; 

sergeant April 8, 1805; served in Co. A, First Battalion ; must, out 

Jum 29, 1805. 
William II. Hough, corporal, Sept. 1, 1862; must out June 2 I, 1864 
Ibuuc W. Nicholas, corporal, Nov. I, lsoj; must out June 23, 1804. 
Polei Myers, lit, Oct 14, 1881; corporal Dec, 11, 1802; served in 

Fourth Regiment; most out June 23, 1804 
John R. Willie, corporal Nov. 1, 1862; must. out June 23, 1884. 
Abram Armstrong, corporal, Dec. 8, 1882; must out June 23, 1434 i 

An, h.-w linn, I, corporal, April IS, 1804; must out June 23, 1864. 

Charles Up) mtt, re-enl. Dec 28, 1803; corporal Apiil 1\ tsOo; .,,.,..1 

in Co. A, Kiml Battttll -n ; iiiu?t. .nil June 23, 1805. 
Zachariah Bender, re-enl. Dec. 28, 1803; corporal June 4, 1865; served 

in Company A, First Battalion ; must out June ■.:•.•, 1865 
Bun, ei Van Foasen, wagoner, Sept M, Ism ; must out Juno 23, 1864. 

Charles Baker, n-enl. Jon. 6, Im.4; served in Co. A, Fimt Battalion: 

must i, ui June 29, lw>5. 
J, .l.ii C. Bauuer, nit ; served ill Co. A, Fir»t Battalion; must, out 

June 29, i 

Nelson J. Bayl oust. In May 22, 1801; must out June 23, 1804. 

I ) n. Berry, recruit, Jau 4. 1804; served In Co. A, First Battalion. 

James Breluer, recruit, Jan. 22, IsiH; served in Co. A, Kiret Battaltun; 

at OUt Jim. 29, 1-' IS, 

Charles A. Brllton, re-enl. Dee. 28, 1S08; served in Co. A, First Bat- 

lallon; must out June a I 
Tlieod Corhart, must In May 2J, 1861; corporal Aug. 27, 181 

rate Sept. 22, 1802 ; must nut June 23, lsr4. 
William II. in ii. nt, Jii-.li. at Ward Dulled Btatas army general bos- 

pltal, Newark, N.J., tel.ins. War Department, .\ '. O n Waalitngtun, 

n i ; served in Co. A. lii-i Battalion; must out Jul] 31, It 
Andrew Edwards, must In May --. lsnl ; must, out June 23, 1864. 
George Emmons, must in May 22, 1801 ; must, oul Juue 21, l-< 4. 
\\ lllhiui i: Emmons, must lu Hay 22, 1801 ; must, out June 23, 1-.4. 

Mm tin Pagan, must In May 22, 1861 : stout June 23, l>M. 

Edward Fehr ft In May 22, 1801 ; must, oul June - 

Godfrey Flenilug, recruit [Served In Co i.Hei Battalion; must, out June 

David Fraier, most. In Hay 22, 1861 ; re-enl. lab. 11, 1864, Co. A, I . -; 

Battullun; must out June 
William Hofiman, three yean; must oul June 
Daniel II, n, three years; must out Juue 23, 1804, 
Ezra J II must oul June 23, 181 I 

Jesse Kit I \. First Bat all in; must 

Willi l.uikin-. lime yean; must, out June 23, 1804. 

J. .in, Lyons, ice Aug, 27, 1862; served In Fourth Reglmenl and Co. 

A, First Bullalhiu; must nut June 
Melauctl Meeker, must. In Hay B, 1861 ; i nl Di 

in Co. A, First Battel ; dlsch. it Trenton b) ordei . I War Depert- 

lliellt, June >. |M... 

J,,Iiii Murray, recruit, Aug. 21, I-..J; dlsch. Ibr wounds I Ived at Si»,tt- 

sylvanla, July 8,1865; arm amputated. 
John Myers, must. In llaj 8,1801; re-enl i 

\ I i - r. ,n. in ui , -i ,,.ii 

must .,111 Jun. . 
w iHi.un K I'l. in, three yean; most, out Jum 
Reubsu Platl, n-. nut. I" 17, 1861; served lu Co. A, Flmt Battalion; 

i t. J . 

Aleianilei '•. Ila r, three yoars; must. oul 



136 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



James E. Ross, May 22, 1S61 ; re-enl. Dec. 28, 1803 ; served in Co. A, First 

Battalion ; must, out Aug. 14, 1804. 
Jolin Sehoonover, May 22, 1S01; pro. commissary sergeant March 24, 

IS02. 
William C. Sniitli, recruit, Feb. 4, 1804; served in Co. A, First Battalion ; 

must, out June 29, 1805. 
Garret Trout, recruit, Dec. 28, 1803 ; served in Co. A, First Battalion ; 

must, out June 20, 18(15. 
Samuel Vanatta, recruit, March 12, 1802; re-enl. March 21, 1804; served 

in Co. A, First Battalion. 
Archibald Wier, three years; re-enl. Feb. 11, 1804; 6erved in Co. A, First 

Battalion ; must, out June 29, 1805. 
Jethro B. Woodward, sergeant, May 22, 1801 ; commissary sergeant Sept. 

0, 1802; private April 5, 1863; pro. to quartermaster sergeant Aug. 

1, 1803; must, out Juuo 2U, 1805. 

Discharged. 

George Beaumont, sergeant, May 22, 1801 ; sergeant-major Sept. 20, 
1861 ; for disability, at United States general hospital, Aug. 20, 1862. 

Jacob li. Kicker, corporal ; disability; United States army general hos- 
pital, Philadelphia, (Jet. 22, 1802. 

James J. Kroui, musician; disability; general hospital, Fort Wood, 
New York Harbor, Aug. 3d, 1802. 

Edward K. Allen, private ; division hospital, Alexandria, Va., Dec. 5, 
1802, for wounds in action at Manassas, Va. 

Theodore Allen, private ; United States army general hospital, Philadel- 
phia, Nov. 24, 1802; woundej at Gaines' Farm, Va. 

Thomas T. Andrews, private; Uuited States hospital, W r ashington, D. C, 
Oct. 20, 1862; for disability. 

Peter H. Barnes, private; United States hospital, Fairfax Seminary, 
Nov. 0, 1802 ; for disability. 

George B. Beavers, private ; Camp Seminary, Va., Jan. 1,1802; for dis- 
ability. 

Thomas Burns, private ; Couch United States general hospital, Nov. 2, 
1802; for wounds in action at Gaines' Farm, Va. 

James Cameron, private; McKiui's Uuited States general hospital, Bal- 
timore, Md., Aug. 10, 1803; for disability; re-enl. Feb. 11, 1804; 
served in Co. A, First Battalion. 

Joseph A. Campbell, private ; Uuited States army hospital, Newark, Oct. 
13, 1802; lor disability. 

William G. Carr, private ; near Brandy Station, Va., Feb. 2:1, 1864 ; for 
disability. 

Francis Grant, private; Philadelphia, Pa., July 10, 1863; for disability. 

Thomas Haley, private; United Slates army hospital, Washington, D. C , 
Oct. 24, 1862; for wounds received in action at Gaines' Farm, Va. 

George S. Heany, private; United States army general hospital, Fred- 
erick, Md., March 6, 1803 ; for wounds received in action at Cramp- 
ton's Pass, Md. ; arm amputated. 

Philip Hearie, private; United States army general hospital, Newark, 
Nov. 20, 1863; for disability. 

George E. Huniluell, private; United States general hospital, Philadel- 
phia, Pa., Nov. 25, 1802; for disability. 

William MeGarey, private; at Frederick, Md., Oct. 5,1803; for wounds 
received in action near Williamsport, Md. ; left leg amputated. 

W r illiam S. Merrill, private; Dec. 15, 1802. to join the regular army. 

William T. Neal, private; hospital, Central Park, New York, July 6, 
1805; for wounds received in action at Winchester, Va , Sept. Ill, 
1804; arm amputated; re-enl. March 29,1804; served in Co. A, First 
Battalion. 

John Uuigley, private; Nov. 13, 1803, S. 0. 604, Par. 16, War Depart- 
ment, A. G. O., Washington, D. C. 

Edward W. ltothrook, private ; at Douglass United States army general 
hospital, Nov. 13, 1803; for wounds received in aclion at Salem 
Heights, Va. 

Ralph li. Slack, private; Annapolis, Md., April 1, 1802; lor disability. 

Chailes Stern, private; recruit ; at Convalescent Camp, Alexandria, Va., 
Aug. 1."., I si;:); for disability. 

nenry Wilko, private; Camp Hanks, Va., Jan. 21, 1863; for wounds 
received in aclion at Gaines' Farm, Va. 

Edward J. Willever, private; at Hagorstown, Md., Dec. 0, 1862; to Join 
the regular army. 

'ja-atitfeired. 

Michael Murphy, musician, to (Jo. F. 

Charles H. Price, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps Sept. 1, 1803; dlsch. 
therefrom May 22, 1864. 

Daniel Wert, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps Nov. 16, 1863; dlsch. 
therefrom May 21, L804, 



Died. 

Wilber F. Lovel, sergeant; must, in March 22,1801; corporal May 22. 

1801; sergeant Sept. 1, 1802; died Juno 0, 1804,a prisoner of war. 
George W. Creveliug, sergeant, March 19, 1863; killed in action at Cold 

Harbor, Va., June 3, 1804. 
Paul Gravet, corporal; died of fever in United States army hospital, 

Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 31, 1862; buried at Philadelphia. 
John S. Ryan, corporal ; died of typhoid fever at Chesapeake United 

States army general hospital, at Fortress Monroe, Va., May 25, 1802. 
Wellington Piei-son, corporal; died of fever at White Oak Church, Va., 

March 3, 1803; buried at National Cemetery, Fredericksburg, Va., 

Division B, Grave 423. 
Peter S. Taylor, corporal; died of typhoid fever at Hagerstown, Md., 

Dec. 4, 1802. 
Winchester T. Bennett, corporal ; killed in action at Gaines' Farm, Va., 

June 27, 1802. 
Joseph Allison, private ; died at Washington, D. C, Oct. 2. 1802, of wounds 

received in action at Manassas, Va. 
Roberts Beck with, died at Hull Run Hridge, Va., while a prisoner, Aug. 

27, 1862, of wounds received ill action at Manassas, Va. 
Calvin Calkins, private, died at United States army general hospital, 

Washington, D C, May 24, 1802; buried at Military Asylum Ceme- 
tery, D. C. 
Barnet Devlin, private; killed in action at Gaines' Farm, June 27, 1802. 
James Flood, private ; killed in aclion at Gaines' Farm, June 27, 1862. 
John Gano, private; killed in action at Gaines' Farm, June 27, 1862. 
William George, private ; killed in action at Salem Heights, May 3, 1863. 
Benjamin Hartzell, private; died at United States army general hospital, 

Fredericksburg, Va., May 23, 1864, of wounds received in action at 

the Wilderness. 
Josiah M. Hoi lock, private; died of typhoid fever in United States army 

general hospital, Philadelphia, June 11, 1803. 
John Hartzell, private; killed in action at Cold Harbor, June 3, 1S04. 
Robert N. Hugh, private; died at Satterlee United Slates general hos- 
pital, West Philadelphia, June 21, 1S04, ot wounds received in action 

at Spottsylvauia, Va. 
Johu W. Kirby, private; died on march from Harrison's Landing to 

Newport News, Va., July 21, 1862. 
Thomas Leonard, private ; killed in action at Salem Heights, Va.. May 

3, 1863. 
Jeremiah Levels, private; died at Uuited States army hospital, Brooklyn, 

N. Y., Sept. 11, 1802; buried at Cypress Hill Cemetery, Long Island, 

Grave 411. 
Samuel Linton, private; died at Uuited States army general hospital, 

Washington, D. C, Sept. 14, 1863; buried at Military Asylum Ceme- 
tery, District of Columbia. 
James Malloy, private; died at army general hospital, Washington, 

D. C, May 31, 1804, of wounds received in action at Wilderness; 

buried in National Cemetery, Arlington, Va. 
Albert J. Miller, private ; died of typhoid fever at Douglass U nited States 

army hospital, Washington, D. C, Nov. 21, 1862; buried in Military 

Asylum Cemetery, District of Columbia. 
John Saylor, private; died June 3, 1804, of wounds received in action at 

Cold Harbor (corporal May 22, 1861 ; private April 20, 1862; re-enl. 

Dec. 28, 1803). 
Peter Stead, killed in action at Gaines' Farm, June 27, 1802. 
Alfred Thompson, private ; died at hospital First Division, Sixth Corps, 

Feb. 18, 1805; buried near Petersburg, Va. 
Joseph S. Wesley, private; died at United States army general hospital, 

Fairfax Seminary, Va., Nov. 13, 1802. 
Willard S. Wood, missing ill action at Spottsylvauia Court-house, Va., 

May 12, 1804; supposed dead; sergeant May 22, 1801; private June 

14, 1802. 

CO. D, THIRD INFANTRY REGIMENT. 
David Bunnell (Blairstown). onl. May 27, 1861; missing battle at Spott- 
sylvauia, May 12, 1804; supposed dead. 
William C. Comer (Oxford), onl. May 27, 1861 ; disch. for disability May 

lo, 1863. 
Ira C. France (Blairstown), enl. May 27, 1861 ; must, out May 27, 1864. 
David M. Price (llackettstown), enl. May 27, 1801 ; disch. from Vet. Res. 

Corps June 8, 1804. 
Stephen Fell (llackettstown), enl. May 27, 1801 ; disch. for disability 

April 3, 1803. 
William A. Price (llackettstown), enl. May 27, 1861 ; died of wounds 

July 20, 1862. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



137 



]«;i. 



i S. Smith (Hope), enl. Moy 27, L801 ; dlsch. for disobiln - 



Wal on Tillman (Frcllnghuyson), enl. May 27, 1861 ; ro-enl. Jan. 2 1804; 
served In Co. D, Fifteenth Rcglmoul nnd Co. A, Third Bu 
must onl Jane ! 

Willinin Wllllanuon (Oxford), enl. Moy 27, 18(11 ; ■lii.li. for disability Oct. 
^'., 1802. 

CO. E, THIRD REGIMENT. 
Ed win. I i,. Campbi ill, i npl ; com May 28, 1881 ; pro. Ilout.-col. Flftcontb 

Ri Imcnl Aug, 13, 1802. 
Wllllnm P. Robeson, Jr., cnpl ; com, Aug. 13, ISG'2; pro. mnj. Third 

Coi dry Dec. 28, 1803. 
Thomas P. Edwards, capt; n. Jan. 12, 1801; missing at Spottsylvanin; 

SUppOM'l I ' 

second llcut.; com. Dec. 0, 1SC2; pro. first li- 

Aug. 21, 1803. 

nil Tuni», llr.st sergt] cnl. May 28, 1801; pro. second lieu t. Co. K, 

i Ifl li Regl i,i. Jan, 10, 180 I, 

Abraham M, Salmon, sergt ; enl. May 28, 1801 ; pro. qu irtermastoraergt. 

Dec. 8, 1802. 
E oi M. Zinc, enl. May 28, 1801 ; must out Juno 20, 1805. 
"'■my ii. He) yor, sergt.; enl. Muy 28, 1801 ; djlsi h. i bosp. Feb. 23, 

1803. 
Franklin B. Luki d , enl U ;,. disability Nov. lo, 1602. 

William A. Smith, enl, U q 28 I 01 du :li dl ability Nov. 25, 1802. 

CO. E, SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

capt. ; i Sept. 18, 1801 ; roe. May 27, 1802. 

Joseph Abbott, Jr., capt. j . killed Bull Bun, Aug. 29, 

1802. 
Daniel Ihirt, copfc j com. Sept. 5, 1802 ; trans, to Co. C. 

purld II. ' in M , I i . ii n,- ii,,,,, i',. a, i 

mont 
| ' phart, Bret lloul ; com, Oct. 2, 1802. 

Charles C. Dally, Orel llout, ; com. April 1,1 , m .,, i, 

M, I8G6[ trans, t C i, V I'm i i: 

: Koch, socond llout. ; com. Sopl 6, 1802 ; res. Sept 20, 1802. 
Morrltl Bruin, second llcut . c m. Ocl 

'.it, 1804. 
plfred II, Austin, jocond llont.; com, Oct 13, 1804; trans, from Co. D, 
Fifth Regiment 

JrWlamll Clack, 8 ml llout ; c Hot 13, 18C4; trans, to Co. A. 

Somes T Odcm end llout; com. Oct 13, 1804; trans, from Co. A, 

Fifth Regl I. 

John i: Su ii so, in it sergt ; cnl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; most out Oct T, 1804; 

c second llout. So] I 10, 1804. 

William li. Powers, Bret sergt; cnl. Fob. 20, 1804; pro. sergt. Jan. J. 

1805, 
William Flshor, sorgt ; onl, Aug 24, 1801; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
flilllp Clark, sorgt ; enl. Ann. 24, 18G1 : mtul oul Ocl 7,1804 

fben N. Hereon, I . ■ ,,i i . | a., Fifth 

ment 
Jacob Aratman.sorgt.; en] urt. out July 17, 1805; trans. 

ftom Oo i:. Fifth Re I 

J " i Vannio, sorgt ; enl Fol ruly 17, 1805 ; trans. 

from Co i'. i IB ' Ri i i, 

Charles V Miller, tei t; i nl. Sept 23,1803; not r. 

pany. 
William D. Toung, carp, ; enl. Ang. 24, 1801 ; must out Oct 7, 18i I. 
Lndrev J n tyee, i orp , enl iti I ,., 0i t. 7, 181 i. 

Hi ■, Bolli r, corp. ; onl. Ai 1,1801 

DavldR. P. Slmmlck, corp.; enl In 1, 1801 ; must out Ocl 7,1804. 
lames M. Van Bouten, corp. ; enl, March 14,1804; must, out .inly it, 

ins. ii. 'in Co. \. Fifth Hi, ii, i. ,,i 
BTahlon U pi Aui i I, 1801 . must, onl Julj I 

Iran . iiinii ■' E, linii Regiment. 
iTllluun F li,. it.. I. ii. ■..]... ,,i m ,, b ', I , i , must, onl Julj I 
Irni ,i,,in Co, \. Fifth i, 

S: " I Haines, corp. ;ool. Aug. 14, 1801 ; must out Jul] 17,181 

from Co i:, Fifth Res, ut 

lug, 10, 1801; must oul July 17, 1806; trans, 
from Co. K, Fifth Reglmont. 
Willi,,,,, Kllllnn, i irp ; onl Ang 10, 181 I . must oul Julj 
trans. Mom Co. E, iMiii Regiment, 

n ir, corp.; onl March I, 1804: num. out Jul] 
from Oo, \, Fifth Regiment 
10 



John B, Crnden, corp. ; enl. March 20, 1804; must, ont Jul; 

trans, from Co. A, Fifth Regiment. 
William II. I'riill. iiiih.; enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; most, oul Ocl 7,181 I. 

' unnlngbam 1 1 ,. mils. ; onl. Aug. 10, 1801 ; most, out July 22, 

1805; trntu fi im I i, i , Fifth Regiment 
Edward Qarrocht, miis. : enl. Aug. 24, 1801 : must oul Oi t. T. 1804. 
Thomas Vigners, wag.; eul. Aug. 24, 1881 : most onl t.7, 1804. 

Ackcrman, Philip, enl. Fob. 23, 1804; must, out July 17, It 

from i o ii. i Ifth i., Iment 

nl 1. i. 27, l-i I : must I I 

Co. A, Filth Reglmont 

Austin, John; oul, Fob. 1 1. 1805 : not mnst onl «iil pnny. 

Da '. Wm., .nl. Aug. 10, 1801; must oul July 17, 1805; Inns, bora 

I B, Fifth. H cluieut 
Butchor, Joseph, eul Aug. 20,1804; must out June I. 

Co. \. I i. ill Ri 

Bnrtlott, James, enl. Fob. 1 1. 1805; not mnst out with i 

i, I""" I, , "I. Mo tst with company, 

B im . 'li irh ' nl. I ob. 14,1 

Clark, James li,, onl Nor. !0,1 trans, from 

Co E, FI til [tog hi. 

I hi. enl'. Aug 19, 1801 ; must, out July 17, 181 5; trans, f. m 
I i.E, Fifth Regiment 

1804; urn -i. out June SO, I 
Co. \, i 

1 'Hi oul. Aug. 24, 1601; must, out Oct. 7, 1804; trans, to 

\ 'i. Rot Cor] 
Denman J > 

Co 1, i Ifth Hi .i.iiini. 

u ' V7., ■ nl. Aug. 30, 1804; must oul June 10, I I 

■ i 

, Jacob Il.,cnL Aug. 24, 1801; must, out Oct. " 18 I. 

Dunn, Potor, on] F :• 23, 1304 tsl out May 20, l- 

A, Fifth Regiment 

J ihn II,. enl. Aug. 50, 1804 ; must oul Jul 
from i , in int. 

Emmons, Andrew J., onl. Mai li 10,1804; must, out Jul] 

from (',,. a. Fifth Regl nl. 

I William W., enl. Fob. 20, 1804; must, out Aug. 3,1 Si 

from Co. A, Fifth Regiment. 

I Feb. 27, 1601; must oul July I"., 

Co. A, Fifth Regl nt 

tosepb, onl, Fi l>. i >. 1805; nol mnst. oul with company. 

ill., enl. February, 1804; must i June 3,1806; trans, fa m 

i \. Fifth Reglmont 

Qodshalk, Sai I, onl. Aug. 24, 1801; mnst out Oct. 7, 1801; pro. corp. 

May 0, 1802 

I i ..'iil. Aug. 14,1801; must ont July it. l 

from Co. E, Fifth Reglmont. 

i I trans, rrom Co A, Fifth 11 

■ llllam, onl. Aug. 30, 1804 ; must oul June I, 
l ■ I- ut. 

i 
li.uii. in, Thomas, onl, Mm 

in, Roglment 
1 

I ! 

Bendersliot, Josinh, enl. Juno 1, 1804; must onl July I 

1,1801; mnst oul Ju 
in. in Co. E, Fifth Reglmont 

n 

ment 
1 Fob. 22, 1804; mo t. oul U 
('••. A, Fifth Regimuat 

must t July 17, ! 

I 
[Tuber,] 

, 1804 ; most nul Juno 1, 

\. i 

\ I Ifth B 

mpany, 
i must, out witli , ... 



133 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Hefferon, Michael, enl. March 1, 1S65; not must, out with company. 
Hull, David, eul. Aug. 24, 1S61 ; not must, out with company. 
lUsch, Christopher, enl. March 7, 1S65 ; must, out July 22, 1S65. 
Ironsides, Alexander, enl. Sept. 23, 1S64; must, out Juno 4, 1865; trans. 

from Co. D, Fifth Regiment. 
Eenney, James, eul. Nov. 6, 1SG1 ; must, out July 17, 1S65 ; trans, from 

Co. E, Fifth Regiment. 
Kopper, Edward, enl. April 27, 1S64; must, out July 17, 18G5. 
Kuhn, Fritz, eul. March 2, 18G5; must, out July 17, 1S65. 
Kichline, David E., enl. Aug. 24, 1EG1 ; not must, out with company. 
Kitchell, Hudson, enl. Feh. 27, 1S64 ; not must, out with company. 
Kling, Frederick, eul. Aug. 20, 1S64 ; not must, out with company. 
Knoll, Gustavus, enl. Aug. 20, 1S64 ; not must, out with company. 
Kolb, Godfricd, enl. Aug. 27, 18G4; not must, out with company, 
lewis, Joseph, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; must, out Oct. 7, 18G4. 
Long, Jacob, eul. March 11, 18G4; must, out July 17, 1S65; trans, from 

Co. A, Fifth Kegiment. 
Loper, Elijah, enl. Dec. 13, 1801; must, out July 17, 1S05 ; trans, from 

Co. E, Fifth Iicgiment. 
Lunger, Abraham N., enl. March 0, 1SG4 ; must, out July 17, 1SG5 ; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Lombard, Lewis, enl. Aug. 8, 1804 ; not must, out with company. 
Maler, Frank, enl. March 31, 1SG5; must, out July 17, 18G5; trans, from 

Co. A, Fifth Iicgiment. 
Mansfield, Thomas, enl. March 7, 1SG4; must, out July 17, 1805; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Martin, George W., enl. Aug. 20, 1SG4; must, out June 4, 1SG5 ; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Martin, Patrick, enl. March 30, 1S04; must, out Juue 15,1865; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Regiment. 
McGeaving, Thomas, enl. March 23, 1SG4; must, out July 17, 1805; 

traus. from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
McKeever, James, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; must, out Aug. 24, 1804. 
McPeuk, David, enl. Feb. 23, 1804; must, out July 17, 18G5 ; trans, from 

Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Miller, Ebenezer A., eul. April 4, 1S04; must, out July 17, 1805; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Miller, William II., enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 : must, out Oct. 7, 1SG4. 
Minstennan, Joseph, enl. March 29, ISO! ; must, out July 17, 1S05 ; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Mackey, Alexander B., enl. Fob. 27, 1SG4 ; must, out July 17, 1805 ; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Murphy, George, eul. Oct. 0, 1SG4; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Miller, Georgo II., enl. Feb. 25, ISO! ; not must, out with company. 
McC'aity, James, eul. March 19, 1S04 ; trans, from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Newman, Albert, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1861. 
O'Callahan, James, enl. Aug. 30, 1804 ; must, out June 4. 1805. 
O'lteiley, Patrick, enl. Nov. 9, 1S01 ; must, out Nov. 0, 1804; trans, from 

Co. A, Filth Regiment. 
Osmun, Calvin J., enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1804 ; pro. sergt. 

Nov. 24, 1862. 
Pettit, William II., enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
Plocger, Lewis, enl. Feb. 29, 1804 ; must, out July 17, 18G5; pro. to first 

sergt. May 1, 1805. 
Eigler, Frederick, enl. Aug. 30, 1804; must, out July 22, 1S05; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Rossell, Alfred 11., enl. Aug. 24, 18G1; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
Sanders, George, eul. Oct. 22, 1804 ; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Segravcs, Edw. 11., enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
Seluh, Edwin, enl. Aug. 24, 1801; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
Shiveley, Solomon YV., enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
Sisco, George W., enl. April 5, 1804 ; must, out July 17, 1860 ; traus. from 

Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Skillnmn, Theodore, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 7, 18G4. 
Smith, William (1), enl. Nov. 12, 1801; must, out Nov. 12, 1804; trans. 

Irnn. ('„. E, Fifth Kegiment. 
Stouffacker, Dietrich, enl. March 10,1804; must, out July 17, 1805 ; trans. 

from Co. E, Fifth Eegiment. 
Stull, .lames, eul. Aug. 24, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1804 ; pro. to Corp. Jan. 

13, 1802. 
Sutton, David F., enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
Sutton, .loin, If, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; muBt. out Aug. 24, 1804. 
Swain, .bill, eul. April I, 1804; must, out July 17, 1805; trans, from Co. 

A, Fifth lioginient. 
Bwbtaor, Ahrain 11., enl. Aug. 24, 1801; must, out Oct. 7, 1864. 
Bkillman, Thomas, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; not must, out with company. 
Tuolt, J. sr-uli, mil. Feb. 1", 1805; not must, out with company, 



Taylor, Charles, enl. Fob. 10, 1SG5 ; not must, out with company. 

Tate, George, enl. Aug. 24, 1SG4 ; must, out July 17, 1S05 ; trans, from 

Co. D, Fifth Regiment. 
Upton, Eobert, enl. March 29, 18C4; must, out July 17, 1805; trans, from 

Co. A, Fifth Regiment. 
Van Order, Henry J., enl. Feb. 9, 1S04; must, out July 17, 1SG5; trans. 

from Co. A, Fifth Eegiment. 
Treeland, Garrett, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; must, out Oct. 7, 18G4. 
Yrceland, William, eul. Aug. 24, 1SG1 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1804. 
Walberg, Julius Otto, enl. Feb. 1, 1S05 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Watson, George, enl. Feb. 27, 1804 ; not must, out with company. 
Welsh, Jacob F-, eul. April 8, 1SG5 ; not must, out with company. 
Wcnzcl, Louis, enl. Feb. 10, 1S65 ; not must, out with company. 
"Whitfield, Andrew,'enl. Feb. 10, 1S65 ; not must, out with company. 
Wood, Edward, enl. Feb. 10, 18G5; not must, out with company. 
Weaver, Joseph, enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; must, out Aug. 24, 1SC4. 
Webb, Eobert, enl. Feb. 8, 1805 ; must, out June 17, 1805. 
Whitehead, John H., enl. Feb. 18, 1SG4; must, out July 17, 1SG5; trans. 

(rom Co. A. Fifth Regiment. 
Wilson, David F., enl. Feh. 8, 1865 ; must, out June 14, 1865. 
Wortman, Jacob E., enl. March 10, 1804; must, out Aug. 9, 18G5. 
Young, Win. W., eul. Aug. 24, 1SG1 ; must, out Oct. 7, 1864. 

Discharged. 

George Bierman, sergt. ; enl. Aug. 24, 1SG1 ; disch. Feb. 4, 1864. 
James Eoseberry, sergt. ; enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; disch. July 26, 18G2. 
Benjamin A. Cary, corp. ; eul. Aug. 24, 1861; disch. Nov. 24, 1864. 
Allegar, Lewis, enl. April 15, 1864. 

Alexander, George, enl. Feb. 4, 1865; disch. March 21, 1865. 
Brady, Hugh, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; disch. May G, 1862. 
Buckmau, Adam, enl. Aug. 24, 1SG1; disch. Aug. 2.1, 1S64. 
Courier, Henry, enl. Feb. IS, 1864; disch. March 20, 18G5. 
Dingier, Marcus, enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; disch. Jan. 21, 18G3. 
Farrell, Eichard, enl. Feb. 23, 1SG4; disch. March 29, 1SG5. 
Fleming, Jacob, enl. Aug. 24, 1S0I ; disch. June 9, 18G2. 
Gano, George, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; disch. June 13, 1862. 
Hanley, John, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; disch. April 2, 1863. 
II artzell, Peter, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; disch. Sept. 16, 18G2. 
Henderson, Lawrence, eul. Aug. 24, 1861 ; disch. Feh. 28, 18G3. 
Horn, John W., enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; disch. July 22, 18G2. 
Ilorton, William II., enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; disch. Oct. 10, 1SG2. 
Jackson, John E., eul. Aug. 24, 1861 ; discharged. 
Keen, Abram T., eul. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; disch. Feb. 2, 1803. 
Kitchen, Philip A., enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; disch. June 8, 1802. 
Law-ton, Philip, enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; disch. Jan. 28, 18G3. 
Leifer, George, enl. March 29,1804; disch. Sept. 6, 1S65. 
Lutz, Godfrey, enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; disch. Nov. 2G, 1802. 
McDonald, James, enl. Aug. 30, 1804 ; disch. Sept. 24, 1804. 
McGowan, James, enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; disch. Aug. 17, 1803. 
Morrell, Charles, enl. Aug. 21,1801 ; disch. June 13, 1862. 
Nigh, John W.,. enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; disch. Aug. 15, 1863. 
Ecinhart, Charles, enl. Aug. 24, 1861; disch. May 20, 1802. 
Roads, Charles, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; disch. Oct. 7, 1S62. 
Schuyler, Nelson W., enl. Aug. 24, 1S61 ; disch. March 20, 1802. 
Segravcs, George, eul. Aug. 21, 1SG1 ; disch. Feb. 17, 18G3. 
Snyder, Daniel M., enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; disch. Nov. 20, 1863. 
Stevenson, Seth, enl. Aug. 24, 1861; disch. March 14, 1862. 
Teets, Wilson, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; disch. Aug. 19, 1862. 
'lice, Lewis B., enl. Aug. 24, 1861; disch. Juno 13, 18G2. 
Ward, Patrick, enl. Aug. 24, 1801; disch. April 8, 1S03. 
Williams, Joseph, eul. Aug. 24, 1801 ; disch. Juno 2, 1802. 

Trantfemcl. 
Joseph Hillman, first sergt. ; enl.. Aug. 19, 1801 ; traus. to Co. n. 
Honry Engle, sergt.; enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Co. D. 
Thomas Fagan, sergt.; enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Co. I. 
John F. Randels, corp. ; eul. Aug. 24, 1861 ; traus. to Vet. Ees. Corps. 
Samuel Pettit, Corp.; eul. Aug. 24, 1801; trans, to Co. D. 
Barry, Michael, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Co. D. 
Dunn, Joseph, eul. Aug. 30, 1804; trons. to Co. I. 
Howard, Henry, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Co. D. 
Johnson, Joseph, enl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; trans, to Co. D. 
Keller, Levi, enl. Aug. 21, 1SG1 ; traus. to Co. D. 
Miller, Charles (1), onl. Aug. 24, 18G1 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
O'Eeiley, Benjamin, enl. Sept. 1, 1864; trans, to Co. D. 
Ramsey, William II., enl. April 26, 1S04; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Kogore, Patrick, eul. Aug. 24, I sol ; trans, to Co. D. 



SCS.SKX AND WARREN IX THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



139 



Schmidt, Charles, enl. Jan. 16, 1808 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Lewis, ciil. Aug. 31, l».:i : tram to Co. II. 
Smith, Aaron W, <-■■!. Aug. 24, 1801 ; trans, t,> Vet Res. Corps. 
Smith, Francis !■:., enl. April 12, 1804 ; trans, to Vet. Bos. Corps. 
Smith, Bpeneer C, enl. Aug. 24, 1801; trans, to Co. 1). 
Van Allen, John J., snl. lug. 21, 1801 ; tmns. to Vet Res. Cor|». 
Walker, Cuthbert, enl. Ang. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Co. D. 
Walton, John, enl. Feb. 22, 1804 ; Iran toYel Bes. Corps. 

Walter, Charles, enl. J 24, 1804; tranB. to Co. D. 

Williams. Thomas, ehL Feb. II, 1865; trans, to Co. I. 
Winter, Frank W., enl. Feb. 11,1806; Irons, to Co. I. 
1 ,i\ln iiin-r, Abraham, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Vet Res. Corps. 

Dttd. 

Milliard W. Mutchler, first sergt. ; enl. Aug. 24,1801; killi.l in action at 

Williamsburg, Va. 
John Q. Tolmlo, .r., sergt.; enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; died at Wllllai 

Va. 
Edward Crwcling, corp. ; enl. Ang. 24, 1801 ; died at Brandy Stall in.Va 
Gull k. corp.j enl. Aug, 24, 1861 ; died on t nited States trans. 

pert JuneS, 1804. 
David It. Rockafollow, Corp.; enl, Aug. 24, 1801 ; died al hospital, Alex- 
andria, Vs., July 19, 1864, 
D i Stephen, enl. March 16, 1864 ; died at hospital, Annapolis, Hd, 

Fob. 13, 1803. 
Buss, Thomas, snl. Ang. 24, 1861 ; died at Camp Baker, March II, 1802. 
Conets, William, enl. Ant. 24, 1801; died at United States Hospital, 

Wi gton, D. 0., Wot, 0, 1801. 

Edward, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; killed at Petersburg, Va., June IT, 

181 I. 
pair] mple, Robert, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; died at Alexandria, Va, Juno 30, 

I.M.I. 

prant, Joel, onl. Aug. 10, 1861 , killed near Petcrsliurg, Va , Nov. 16,1864. 
Blel, Robert, enl. Feb 29, 1864; died at Newark Hospital, Mm 12,1869 
Kinney, J,,hu \V , enl. Aug. 24, 1801; killed lit Willialnslmrg, Va , .May 

.'., 1862. 

irge, enl. April 26, 180-1; killed at Petersburg, Va., Apt II 2, 

1866. 
Miller, Louts, enl. Feb. 20, 1864; died at hospital, Washington, D. C, 

Dec, 6, 1861. 
Trail, David, enl. Ang. 21, 1861 ; killed at Cbancollorsvllle, v.,., M.n ::, 

1863. 

John, enl. Aug. 24, 1801; killed at Petersburg, Va., Jane 22, 

Shew..||, James, enl. Aug. 21, 1801; killed nt Bull Run, Va., Aug. 20, 

1862. 
Bolmli . William II., enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; died at hospital, Brandy Station, 

Va , Dec 21, 1863. 
IValraven, Thomas, enl. Aug. 21, lsoi; killed at Petersburg, Va, June 

20, 1864. 
Wet/ell, Daniel, enl. Ang. 24,1861; died at hospital near Budd's Ferry, 

M.I , Mm 12, 1862. 

Nsil m Martin W, en). Aug. 24,1801; died at hospital, Alexandria, Vs , 
April 1 3, 1-0.'. 

CO. II, EIGHTH B.EGIMENT. 

Hoffman, capl . Sepl 27, 1801 ; pro. maj. Sept 27,1882. 

A ew S. Davis, capl com Oct I, 1802; died of (rounds Jul] 

William B. Mason, capt; com. Oct 3, 1863; res. aa capt Co. 1 Feb 13 
186S, 

■mesOlllan, capt; .Od 29,1864; most out Sept 21,1804, 

' '•<<"• hlor, in 1 lieut ; 1 om Si pi 87, 1861 ; res. .hn,. 1,186! 
fcwln C. Nichols, first Rent. ; com Feb I, 1862; pre apt. Co. Sept 
27, 1662. 

1 -'■'■• Brsl Bent : co 1 1 16, 1862; din h Jojj . I, 180 I. 

'' ■ .hii.iu capt April I 

I ; longer, sec 1 liout ; 

pcob Dolr, ice I liout; com, Oi 1 1-. 1864. 

N "' Ipplncott, I,- 1 lorgl i onl. Ang. 7, 1881 1 b 

Sixth Regi nt; must out Jul) 1 

E,l« ird C Wnrui r, ,■ SKII| 

Reg "I ; must, onl July 17. 180 i, 

Ibarles Brou h.sorgl 1 1801; trans. from C O, ■ 

111 nt ; must, "ill July 17, 

Slattl,e« Tlllor.sorgt ; onl.Sopt 7, L864; must out Juni : 



Aaron Hoffman, Corp.; onl. Sept 6, 1861; pro. to sergt. Jau. 1,1863; 

i St pt 21, I-'. I 
Charles S. Bchnlxe, Corp.; enl. Sept 9, 1804 : must, out Jane 4, 1803. 
Heury Maull, Corp.; i 1; must out June 4 181 

II as tally, • orp.; enl, Sept 9, 181 I: must, out Jin..- -I, 186S. 

Peter McCauley, corp.; • nl Sopt 3, 1864 ; t. oat June I. l- J. 

John Schneider, corp.; enl. Sept 5, 1864; most out Juno 4, 1805. 

i i- U hi-' do i . enl. Sept 16,1864; trans, from ' ' >, K ; must 

out Maj 30, !■' i. 
Rudolph KrauBS, corp.; enl. Oct S, 1864; must ontjulj 
Anton Larch, corp.; onl.OctS, 1864; must. ... it July 17. 1866. 

Win. Marrett, Corp.; enl. March 14, 1866 ; most t July 17, !-• 5. 

VI in. P Wellur, inn-.; enl. Sept "., l 61 ; must ont Sept J I, 1- I. 

Win. w llson, mil-.; en). Aug. 9, 1861 : must, out July i 

Moses Hi ■He. I, wag.; enl. Sept ■"', 1861 ; must, out July 17, 181 ". 

PrirofeJ. 
Archer, Charles H, enl. Sepl 5, 1861; pro. sergt-msj. Oct. 23, 1863. 
Arvlne, James C, onl. Sept. s, I8i i 
Baler, Julius, enl. Sept 6, 1864. 
Bardasch, Herman, e tl Sopl i, 1864 
Bendor, August, enl. Sept. 6, 1864. 
Bird, John J, enl. Sopt. 6, 1861. 
11 rwlby, Ellshu, enl. Sept 6, 181 I. 
Hi iwn, George II, enl. Sept 1", 1864. 
Call.ui, John, enl. March 20, I 
Carroll, Robert J., enl. Aug. 20, 1802. 
Coleman, James, enl. March 16, i 

Cram r, Frazier, enl. Sept 30, 1661. 

Cross, John, enl. Oct 3, 1864. 

Dui i-, Frederick, enl. Sept. 6, 1801. 

Dofflor, Andrew, enl. Sept 7,1804. 

Dolde, Gottlieb, onl. Sept 20, 1804. 

Doll, Sylvi iter, enl Man l>16,18l 

I', -nali ue, Martin, enl, March r>, 1866; trans. from Co. K. 

Donegan, Patrii k, enl. Sept .'., 1861, 

Eel It, John, onl, Mar It 10,1803. 

Kger, George, enl. June 7, 161 I 
Evans, Obadiah, e i! Si i ' B, 1801. 

Fallls lulu. - 13, 1604; trans, from Co. A. 

Falter, lleiny, enl Sept 8, 1864, 
Fernandez, Joseph L, onl. March 20, 1866. 
Fitzgerald, Jami -, enl Sopt 1". 1804. 
Flury, Gi 1884, 

C-eilnu.lt, Herman, oul. Sept. 6, 1804. 

I, 1804. 
'. ilder, Michael, enl. Sept 6, 1861. 
Grelshemmer,Ge irge, snl. March 20, 
Griffith, Charles, onl. Si pt, 5, 1861, 

Grimm, I I, i nl - 

lliil.ii. Charles, enl. Oi i. 1, 1861. 

II. IM. in, Alex Li, enl. March 11,1803. 

Ueltbrant, David, enl.] 

Hems, ll.nii. enl '■■ 

II, .,-11. i.. , 1864 

im, i 1,1864. 

Hodman, Ellas, i nl, Sopl i, 
HofAnan, Jeremiah K.. enl. Sept. ;■. 1861. 
Hughes, Honry, enl. Sopt i". 1864 : pro. lo sergt Jon - 

1 I Hill 1. 1,. I.e. I el.il, .111. 1, elll S-pt. 0,1864. 

tin- an.',, w llllam, enl. Sepl 

J -, Alllell, el, I, Ml 

Kalley, Thomas, i 

K.ele, J| ; - 1864 

Ki in. John i , enl U 

he ry. Patrii k, enl, Sepl 

- ,t 14, 1664; Hi 
Kuhn. Ri ; - I. 

1861. 
1861. 
Loath, Frank, eul v > 

■ I in ' I D, BtXti Bl .lin.'lll. 

i ,. i 1,1864 
Lenke, Charles, enl I 
I.enlianit, John, enl - ■■ li 04. 
I.in.ileii.v. Andran F, enl. £ 



140 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Lochley, Charles, enl. Feb. 28; 1805. 

Lyons, Patriot, enl. Sept. 6, 1S04. 

Martin, Henry, enl. June 20, 1804. 

McGinnis, Michael, enl. Sept. 3, 1S04. 

McLaughlin, Patrick, enl. Sept. 3, 1S04. 

McNamara, John, enl. Sept. 5, 1SG4. 

Mertius, Philip, enl. April 7, 1805. 

Miller, Frederick (1), enl. Oct. 3, 1864. 

Montgomery, John A., enl. Sept. 29, 1S04. 

Moore, George, enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Moore, Jeremiah, enl. July 9, 1864. 

Mussleman, Henry H., enl. Sept. 5, 18G1. 

Nicholson, John, enl. Sept. S, 1864. 

O'Hage, Justus, enl. Oct. 3, 1864. 

Percclls, James M., enl. Sept. 3, 1864. 

Peterson, Christianson, enl. Sept. 10, 1864. 

Powers, Archibald, enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Quinn, James, enl. March 10, 1865. 

Quinn, John, enl. Aug. 3, 1S64. 

Iteed, Ebenezer J., enl. Sept: 3, 1804. 

Reinner, Jacob, enl. March 15, 1805. 

Rourke, Peter, enl. Feb. 2, 1805. 

Rumscy, Leonard, enl. Sept. 20, 1804. 

Ryan, Edward, enl. Sept. 7, 1804. 

Schiflors, Martin, enl. March 20, 1S65. 

Semming, George, enl. March 15, 1805; trans, from Co. K. 

Sheridan, John J., enl. March 15, 1S05; trans, from Co. K. 

Sibolt, Joseph, enl. March 20, 1S05. 

Sipp, Vreeland, enl. Sept. 9, 1SC4. . 

Smith, George, enl. Sept. 10, 1864. 

Smith, Henry E., enl. Sept. 5, 1864. 

Smith. Martin V., onl. Sept. 5, 1861. 

Snyder, John, enl. Sept. 6, 1SG4. 

Sodan, Edward, enl. Sept. 3, 1S64. 

Swoboda, Joseph, enl. Sept. 9, 1864. 

Trinka, Martin, enl. Sept. 8, 1801. . 

Unangcst, Jacob S., enl. Sept. 5, 1804. 

Uncles, Benjamin (or Oncles), enl. July 5, 1S04. 

Vogcl, Ferdinand, enl. Oct. 3, 1864. 

Venah, John, enl. Oct. 4, 1804. 

Wagner, Frederick, onl. Sept. 16, 1804; trans, from Co. K. 

Warnkcn, Frederick, enl. March 5, 1S05. 

Weglein, Simon, enl. Sept. 10, 1864. 

"Werner, William, enl. Sept. 7, 1SC4. 

Wickward, Samuel, enl. Sept. 7, 1804. 

Widman, Louis, enl. Sept. 5, 1804. 

Wilkins, Charles, enl. Oct. 4, 1804. 

Enoch Scudder, corp. ; enl. Sept. 5, 1861 ; must out. 

Edwin II. Sheldon, Corp.; onl. Sept. 5, 1861; joined regular arm; 

Henry J. Miller, Corp. ; onl. Sept. 5, 1801 j joined regular army. 

James II. Price, mus.; onl. Sept. 5, 1861. 

Beam, Robert F., enl. Sept. 5,1801. 

Berry, William, enl. Sept. 5, 1861. 

Bowlby, Hamilton, enl. Sept. 6, 1861. . 

Bowlby, William W., enl. Sept. 6, 1861. 

Cornell, Daniel, enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Cook, Alexander, enl. Oct. 28, 1801. 

Coon, Nathan, onl. Sept. 6, 1801. 

Craft, John W., onl. Aug. 21, 1801. 

Cravat, Lawrence, enl. Aug. 21, ,1801. 

Croner, John, enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Edongor, John, enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Hillliour, Abram, enl. Sept. 5, 1801.. 

Hayes, George, enl. Sepl. 5, 1801. 

Heath, William, enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Hicks, Edward, enl. Sept. 5, 1861. 

Ili(.'giii«, Thomas F., enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Hlght, Edward I.., onl. Sept. 0, 1861. 

Hoflnian, Morels, onl. Sc-pt. 6, 1801. 

HotlSO, William, enl. March 10, 1805. 

Howard, John it., enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Hunt, Theodore, enl. Sept. 6, 1801. , 

Millham, Robert S., onl. Sept. 5, 1801. 

Petty, William, enl. Sept. 0, 1801. 

Reynolds, Lawrence H., onl. March 10, 1805. 

ltinehart, Andrew, enl. Sepl. 5, 1801. 

Eugg, Calvin 11., enl. Sept. 5, 1861. 



Si'hcuahan, Patrick, enl. March 15,1865. 
Silverstone, Michael, enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 
Snyder, Frederick, enl. Sept. 5, 1861. 
Steinmetz, William S., enl. Sept. 5, 1861. 
Stewart, John B., enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 
Totten, John H., enl. Feb. 24, 1805. 
Vanacker, Christopher, onl. Sept. 5, 1801. 
Vunck, James R., enl. Sept. 5, 1801. 
Wick, William, enl. Sept. 0, 1S04. 

Transferred. 

William J. Donnelly, first sergt. ; enl. Sept. 6, 1864; to Co. C. 

William R. Lunger, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 5, 1861 ; to Co. C. 

Amos Lunger, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 5, 1S61 ; to Vet. Res. Corps. 

John W. De Hart, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 6, 1801 ; to Vet. Res. Corps. 

William Hull, Corp.; enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; to Co. C. 

Samuel Borry, corp. ; enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; to Co. B. 

Bil'ton, John M., enl. Sept. 5, 1861; to Co. C. 

Cook, Philip, enl. Oct. 20, 1802 ; to Co. C. 

Drake, Joseph S., enl. Sept. 5, 1801; to Co. C. 

Gordon, Everitt, enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; to Co. C. 

Heath, Sylvester W., enl. Sept. 5, 1S61 ; to Co. C. 

Henderson, Aaron, enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; to Co. C. 

Hime, Samuel V., enl. Sept. 5, 1801; to Co. C. 

Kearney, Robert S., enl. Sept. 6, 1S61 ; to Co. C. 

Kctcham, John D., onl. Sept. 5, 1861; to Co. C. 

Lee, Charles P., enl. Sept 5, 1801 ; to Co. C. 

McCla'ry, James, enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; to Vet. Res. Corps. 

Miller, Edward, enl. Sept. 5, 1861; to Co. C. 

Mosley, George, enl. March 4, 1S04 ; to Co. I. 

Philips, Alexander, enl. Sopt 5, 1861 ; to Co. C. 

Stemming, Charles, enl. Jan. 25, 1804; to Co. F. 

Stiles, Frederick, enl. Feb. 23, 1805; to Co. H. 

Tice, Nicholas E., onl. Sopt. 5, 1861 ; to Co. C. 

Transuc, William, onl. Sept. 5, 1801; to Vot. Res. 

Wilson, Bi'Vine, onl. Sept. 6, 1801 ; to Co. C. 

Died. 
James Bertholf, first sergt. ; enl. Sopt. 5, 1801 ; killed at Williamsburg, Va, 
Robert W. Johnston, sergt. ; onl. Sopt. 5, 1801 ; killed at Bull Run, Va. 
Andrew J. Iloppock, corp. ; enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; died at Andersonville, Ga, 
William McClary, corp. ; enl. Sept. 5, 1S01 ; killed at Chancellorsvillc, Va 
Botlin, Jackson, enl. May 11,1864; died at Point Lookout Hospital, Md 
Bowlby, William, enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; died at Washington, D. C. 
Burke, Thomas, enl. Sept. 0, 1804; died at Point Lookout Hospital, Md 
Calling, John, enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; died at Budd's Ferry, Md. 
Cregan, George, enl. Sert. 5, 1801 ; killed at Williamsburg, Va. 
Dilly, David, enl. Sept 6, 1801 ; died at Budd's Ferry, Md. 
Garrison, Goorgo G., enl. Sept. 5, 1801; killed at Bull Run, Va. 
Garvin, Cornelius, enl. Sept. 5, 1S01 ; died at Newark, N. J., Hospital. 
Graft', Andrew L., enl. Sept. 9, 1864 ; killed at Petersburg, Va. 
Gustus, John H., eid. Sept. 5, 1S01 ; killed at Petersburg, Va. 
Johns, Jacob, onl. Sopt. 3, 1804 ; died at hospital, Petersburg, Va. 
Keeblor, William, enl. Sept. 5, 1804; died near Petersburg, Va., 

field. 
Kuhn, Jacob, onl. Sopt. 5, 1804 ; died at hospital, City Point, Va. 
Lee, Jabez, enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; killed at Deep Bottom, Va. 
Lockwood, Valentino II., enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; diod at Fairfax Seminary, Va 
Loghuor, Jonas W., enl. Sept. 6, 1801 ; killed at Gettysburg, Pa. 
Mart, Joseph, enl. July 6, 1804 ; died at Alexandria, Va. 
McCrca, William, onl. Sept. 6, 1S01 ; died at Richmond, Va. 
O'llara, Charles, onl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; killed at Chnncellorsvillo, Va. 
1'alardy, Andrew, old. Sept. 5, 1801 ; died at hospital, Newark, N. J. 
Road, John, enl. Sept. 5, 1801 ; killed at Williamsburg, Va. 
Riddle, Thomas R., enl. Sept 5, 1801 ; killed at Williamsburg, Va. 
Smith, John, onl. Sopt. 9, 1801; killed near Petersburg, Va. 
Smith, William B., enl. Sept. 6, 1801 ; killed at Wilderness, Va. 
Thatcher, Isaac S., onl. Sept. 0, 1801 ; died at Andersonville, Ga. 
Whalen, Michael, enl. Sept. 6, 1801 ; killed at Williamsburg, Va. 

Not muttered out with company. 
Blanco, Francoiso, enl. Sept. 8, 1804. 
Carroll, James, onl. Sept. 7, 1804. 
Collier, August, enl. Sopt. 10, 1804. 
Earl, Charles B., enl. Oct 1, 1862. 
Edcr, Ludwick U., enl. Sept. 0, 1804. 
Full, George, onl. Muy 31, 1804. 



the 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 



141 



Flndon, William P., onl. Sept. 6, 1861. 

Kroy, I' i. ... hi i.|it. .',, ls.111. 

Qllllband, David, onl, May 28, 1804. 

Hummer, John, onl. Sept. 7, 1804. 

Ilulial. n, l-Mwitr.t, enl. Sopt 1", 1804. 

Mil k, Alexandor, enl. Oct. 1, 1804. 

Jantlen (or Schanzen), Martin, enl. 8 ipt. 8, 1SC4. 

John on, Jo ph, onl. Hay 81, 1804. 

Khan, August, enl. Oot 1,1804. 

!-•■■-■. Ji ilni, enl, Sept 2, 1804, 

I p, From Is, enl. Juno :i, 1804. 

l.y (Villlam, onl. Juno 7, 1804. 

Martin, Gc irge, ml. Sopt. 2, 1804. 
Hills, Honry, onl. Sopt ;. 18G4. 
Hitler, Denial, enl, Haj 81, 1801. 
Muunoy, Qoorge, enl. Sept 10, 1801. 
Patrick, i i.i. Oct 18, 1861. 
Hotter, Frodorlck, enl. Oct 8, 1804. 
Pi "' Cliarli i: , enl. Sept 10, 1SC4. 
Belli, Frank, enl. March 16,1866. 
Bounsevllle, Joseph, enl. Sopt 5,1801. 

Sll.lM, I'. 

Mm ii. I., II. in v, .•nl. Oct. 1,1804. 
Sullivan, James, enl, March 20, 1866. 
Taylor, James, enl Sept 7, 1804. 
Thomas, Joseph, enl. Sept 5, 1801. 

'II. , Henry, enl. Sopt. 7. 1864. 

Tiii.i.y. Benjamin, enl Fob. I, 1866, 
Ward, Joseph, i nl. Feb, 1, 1866. 
Young, John, enl. Sept 6, 1861. 

Fiiml Jtrcortl Unknown. 

Cansaily, James J., enl. Sept. 7, 1804. 
Dean, G , enl. Sept 6, 1864. 
Flanagan, Patrick, enl. Sept 'J, 1804. 
Jones, Thomas, enl. June B, 1804. 
Klein, Charles, enl. Oct 3, 1804. 
HcCormlck, John, on], Sept D, 1864. 
McDonald, Hugh, enl, Mar hl5 1805 

Savage, G 'bo, onl. Sept. :'., 1804. 

Seaman, Philip, enl. Sept. in, 1804. 

Shotwell, -, „, onl. Aug. 0,1804. 

Smith, Th as, enl. Aug. 12, 1864. 

Sybarg, Frani la, snl. Sept 29, 1861. 
Ward, John F., onl. Sept 8, 1604. 
Wiley, John, enl. Oct. 4, 1804. 

CO. II, NINTH INFANTRY. 
Joseph J. Henry, copt.; coin. Nov. 11, 1861; killed Roanoke Island, N. C , 

Feb. 8, 1862. 
James Stewart, Jr., copt.; com. Starch 9, 1S02; pro. to moj. Dec 22, 

1802. 
Joseph n. Lawrence, copt.; com. Dec. 23, 1862; died of wounds Hay 31, 

[864. 
EdwardS. Pollen, capt; com. Aug. 29, 1864; must out July 12, 1805. 

Jaoob I.. Bank, Brst lleut; c Aug. 21. 1864; must. July 12, 1805. 

Edward 8, Carroll, sec l lleut ; com. Harch 9, 1802 ; pro. adjt Doc 23, 

1862, 
Lucius C. Dunham, second liout; com. Sopt. 10, 1804; pro. fll 

Co. \ March 10,1806. 

.v.ii-i brnmienVmed Officen* 
Frandl U Medic, Oral sorgt; disch. for dlsahlllty Juno 23, 1802. 
' W Faylor, ilrst sorgt; dlsch. ou account uf wounds Aug. 23, 

is.; I. 
John W, Crevollng, first scrgt.; r^enl. Jim. is, lsr.l; pro. from sorgt. 

Jim. 1, 1806. 
Robert H. rhilli|w, tlrst sorgt.; dlod at Charleston, S. (', Da 9, 1". L 
Qoorge W. Miller, sorgt.; ro-eul. Hot. 25, 1803; pro. from corp. Sept 

I, 1864. 
I ' I Tt »ns,sergt; ro-anl. March 26, 1864; pro. from carp. Dec. 

10, 1864 
111 aolly, sorgt.; ro-onL Jon. 18, 1801; pro. fr..m carp Jan. I, 

1S05. 

• Enlisted Oct :'., 1861, and must onl July 12, 1866, unli ■• 
Itatod. 



Win. Van Gordon, scrgt; ro-cnl. Jan. 18, 1804; pro. from eorp. Jane It, 

Andn n W. Little, sorgt; enl. Aug. 7, 18G2; must onl Jane 14, 1805. 
William H. Ward, sorgt; pro, from corp. Jan I 

1804. 
Austin >:. Armstrong, aergt; killed al 
William w. Clarke, corp.; t al.Jan. l», 1804; must onl Aug. 11, 1865. 

Jacob Meyer, Corp.; ie-elil. Jan. IS, ]SG4. 

Marshall Howell, Corp.; re-eiil. N,.v. _ 

Henry Keenau, Corp.; enl. Dee. 22, 1863; recruit ; trans, from Co. F. 

Samuel It. Buckley, corp. ; re-enl. Jan. Is, 1804. 

Edward Clayton, Corp.; re-enl. Jan 18, 

I run. . Donnelly, Corp.; iiiii-t. ...it I».t. 7. 1 -. I. 

John F. Sutpltln, Corp. ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 1864. 

Samuel X. Shipman, corp ; enLFob. 15, 1864; recruit. 

Augustus Boyd, corp ; disch. at Newborn, N. C, disability, May 19, 1862, 

John i:. Mathews, Corp.; dtsch. at Beaufort, NT. 0., Mot. 17, 1862, 

Charles P. Levors, eorp.; disch. disahility Aug. 15, 186 L 

John llirl.o.rp. ; killed at Dmry's Bluff, Vn., May 16, 1861. 

Jacob Schleclt, mns. ; onl. Sept 30, 1801 ; trans, from Co. L. 

Marcus M. Fi-k, mns.; re-enl. Nov. 25, 1863. 

William II. Decker, wag. ; re-enl. Jnn. 18, 1864. 

John Di key, wag. ; dlsch. dlsahlllty July 19, 18C2. 

Prieale*.* 
Aimiiek, Jacob, disch. on account wounds Sopt. 8, 1802. 
Aiiiui dr., William, disch. on account wounds Sopt 8, 1802. 
Alntoti, Charles, not must, out with company. 
Auiuick, John I,., re-OnL Nov. 25, 1SI13; must, out July 10, 1805. 
lie. lit, John, snl. Feb. is, 1805. 

Beck, Henry, enl. Hoc. 2S, 1804 ; must, out July 10, 1x65. 
I;, nil. n, E len It, enl. Feb. 4, 1865; recruit 
Berry, John J„ enl. Aug. 30, 1804; must, out Juno 14, 1805. 
Bertram!, Albert, enl. Sept. 30, 1801 ; traus. from Co. L ; must, out July 

19, 1805. 
Bettingor, John, onl. Sopt. 30, 1801 ; trans, from Co. L ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 

1864. 
Brown, Charles it., enl. April 12, 1805; trans, from Co. K. 
Butler, Edward, onl. Sept. 20, 1804 ; must out Juno 11, 1805. 
Butler, John F., rc-eul. Jan. 18, 1804. 
Burrigan, James, disch. at Beaufort, N. C, Nov. 17. 1862. 
Bottlngor, Jacob, onl. Sopt 30, 1801; traus. from Co. L ; disch. disability 

Ma] 28, 180:!. 
Hi, in, Fraderii k, enl Bent 80, 1SGI; traus. from Co. L ; disch. disability 

May 28, 1803. 
Bun.. n, Charles T., enl. Feb. 19, 1804; trans, to Co. E. 
Barron, Tlghliuan A., onl. Feb. 20, 1804 ; traus. to Co. K. 
Burns, Thomas, enl. Oct. 3, 1861 ; trans, to Vet Res. Corps; dlsch. Oct. 3, 

1864. 
Barron, William P., enl. Fob. 19, 1S64 ; died, fever. March 29, 1S04. 
Brown, John, killod nt Drury's Bluff, May 18, 
Brown, - imuol 0., died, rarer, April 10, 1862, 
Barnes, Thomas, enl. Oct 21,1804; not tanst ..ut with company. 
Bean, Petal B., in.t most ..ut with company. 

try, ■' ph, enl. Aug. 22, lst;°; nol must, out with company. 

Bams, Thomas (2d), onl. May 24, 1864; nol mast out with c pany. 

(' ...pel. Tl as, enl. H,t. 3, lSt'.l ; not milSt. OUt With . olllpiliy . 

Coyle, Thomas, enl. March 15, 1866; not moat, oat with company, 

Oohlll, Patrick, r onl. Kot. ! 

Cannon, James, onl. April 8, 1S05. foronoycor; ns-ruil. 

Jamuol, enL Jan. 14, 1865 ; trans, from i 
Caaej JamaevenL March 16, 181 \ (bi one >■ >r ; recruit. 
. lole, Samuel H , enl. Mbj 16, 1864, for three years; recruit. 

c..lf..:, .la s, enl. April 13, i ... K. 

Oooloy, Elisha, re-enl. Jan. is, 1804, 

l-l; must, out Juno 14, 1805. 
Oourtrlght, Thomas Q , enl. Jan, 1. 1864 ; mast out June 10, 1805. 

. William il . enl, May 13, 1864; roomlt 
Comer, Wesley, dU b, disability May | ■ 
i , .1,. Harvey, dii i. disability Hoy. 9, 1801. 
Oortrigbt, Qeorgo, enl. Feb. 16,1864 ; trani I i 
CalUhan, Timothy, killed at Walthall. Vo., Mny 6, 1804. 
1802, 
. died, yellow fever, Oct 3, 1864, 
Detthlor, John, enl, Sept 30, 1801 ; tran«. from i i . 

Deyer, Charles, enl. 1 no year. 



142 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Duncan, Alfred L., re-enl. Jan. IS, ISM ; must, out Aug. 11, 1865. 

Duncan, Daniel L., disch. disability July 22, 1862. 

Durand, Joseph, rlisch. disability Nov. 23, 1862. 

Decker, George M., enl. Feb. 27, 1864; trans, to Co. E. 

Deiber, Charles, enl. Aug. 20, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps. 

Dickson, George B., enl. Feb. 24, 1S04; trans, to Co. E. 

De Forest, Amada, died, fever, Roanoke Island, Feb. 25, 1802. 

Daws, John, enl. March 2G, 18G3; not must, out with compauy. 

Emory, Aaron S., enl. Feb. 20, 1S64; trans. Co Co. E. 

Emory, William, enl. Feb. 20, 1804 ; trans, to Co. E. 

Edmonls, John, re-enl. Dec. 20, 1803. 

Eier, Daniel, enl. Sept. 30, 1801 ; trans, from Co. L. ; re-enl. Jan. IS, 1804. 

Frank, John, enl. Aug. 30, 1SG4 ; must, out Jan. 14, 1S05. 

Fisher, Joseph, enl. Feb. 24, 1SG4 ; disch. disability May 2, 1SG4. 

Forgus, William D., died, fevor, March 4, 18G2. 

Garris, Jason, enl. March 27, 1SG5, for one year; recruit. 

Gilbeck, John, enl. Feb. 24, 18G5, for one year. 

Grady, Thomas, enl. April 13,18G5, for one year; trans, from Co. I. 

Graham, James, enl. Dec. 28, 18G3, for threo yoars ; trans, from Co. I. 

Gumpert, Max, enl. April 13, ISG5, for one year; trans, from Co. I. 

Gillis, Frederick, disch. disability Nov. 23, 1862. 

Garrison, Philip S., enl. Jan. 27, 1SG4 ; trans, to Co. I. 

Hagerm.in, Spencer A., died, fever, April 17, 1S02. 

Hallowell, Daniel, died of wounds July, 1804. 

lladley, Jacob, trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps, Dec. 28, 18G3. 

Hardy, Thomas B , enl. Feb. 29, 1804 ; trans, to Co. E. 

Harrison, Jeremiah, disch. from Vet. Ees. Corps Oct. 3, 1864. 

Ilortzell. Benjamin, disch. disability, July 18, 1863. 

Higgins, Michael, disch. disability Nov. 23, 1S62. 

Hoffman, James, disch. to join regular army Nov. 19, 1802. 

Hnbbs, George, disch. at Beaufort, N. C, Nov. 17, 1802. 

Haggerty, Isaac W., must, out Doc. 7, 1864. 

Hamilton, Lycidios, must, out Oct. 13,1864. 

Hart, John F., oiil. Sept. 3, 1864, for one year; must, out June 14, 1863. 

Hawthorn, Jamos A., enl. April 13, I860 ; trans, from Co. I. 

Hoffmann, George, enl. Sept. 30, 1861 ; trans, from Co. L; re-enl. 

Houok, Allen G., re enl. Nov. 25, 1803. 

Hummer, William, enl. Sept. 20, 1804; must, out June 14, 1805. 

Hussey, Michael, oul. Doc. 3, 1S03; must, out June 8, 1865. 

Idcsson, William, enl. March 4, 1801; must, out July 19, 1865. 

Johnson, David S., re-enl. Jan. 18, 1S01. 

Johnson, William n., disch. at Camp Olden, Trenton, N. J., Nov. 1, 1861. 

King, George, onl. Jan. 13, 1865; recruit. 

Kc-aslcy, Charles, onl. April 13, lSGo, for one year; trans, from Co. I. 

Ketcham, William G., re-enl. Jan. 18, 18G4. 

Keyscr, Adam P., must, out Oct. 3, 1804. 

King, John II., enl. March 7, 1862; re-enl.; com. second lieut. Co. A, 

Thirty-fifth Eegiment. 
Klaproth, Charles, onl. March 9, 1864 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Koch, George, enl. Feb. 25, 1864; trans, to Co. G. 
Koenig, William, onl. March 1, 1802 ; disch. from Vet. Ees. Corps March 

4, 1805. 
Lovers, Edward, must, out Dec. 7, 1SG4. 
Levers, John, re-enl. Jan. 18, 1854. 
Littcll, Cornelius P., re-enl. Jan. 18, 1804. 
Loftus, John, Jr., re-enl. Jan. 18, 1804. 
Losey, Caspar, onl. Jan. 1, 18G4, for three years; rocruit. 
Lott, Augustus, ro-oul. Jan. 18, 1861 ; must, out Juno 14, 1865 ; paroled 

prisoner. 
Losey, Henry, onl. Jan. 4, 18G4; died of fever Nov. 13, 1864. 
Losey, Joseph, onl. Fob. 27, 1804; died of spotted fevor March 10, 1804, 
McCausland, John A., onl. Dec. 20, 1803; trans, from Co. F. 
McCush, Eobcrt, onl. Aug. 29, 1804; trans, from Co. D, Fifth Eogimont; 

must, out Juno 14, 1804. 
McGraw, Jeremiah, mast, out Dec. 7, 1864. 
Motzlcr, John. onl. April 13, 1805; trans, from Co. 1. 
Micro, Isanc M., must, out Doc. 7, 1864. 
Moore, John, must, out Dec. 7, 1804. 
Moore, William, onl. Jan. 25, 1805; recruit. 
Mathews, Jamos I>\, onl. Fob. 20, 1864 ; trans, to Co. D. 
McGce, James, onl. Fob. 3, 1804 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Mullcr, John, onl. Fob. 15, 1804 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Miller, John, died, typhoid fover, March 5, 1802. 
Meyers, John, lulled in action May 10, 1864. 

Mulllneaux, William, enl. March 15, 1805; rocruit; trans, from Co. F. 
Neycomcr, Conrad, enl. Sept. 30, 1861 ; trans, from Co. I; re-enl. 
Nasi, Rudolph, enl. Sept. 30, 1861 j trans, to Vot. Res. Corps. 



Norton, Joseph, onl. Feb. 24, ISG4 ; trans, to Co. IC. 

Osborn, John W., enl. Jan. 4, 1S04 ; died Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 7, 
1864. 

Oldham, John, enl. March 7, 1865, for one year ; recruit ; trans, from 
Co. F. 

Ozenbaugh, Jacob, enl. Jan. 1, 18G4, for three years; recruit. 

Phillips, Mulford B., died, yellow fever, Newborn, Oct. 10, 18G4. 

Poulmorc, Pierson V., enl. Feb. 28, 1805 ; recruit. 

Pittingor, Henry, disch. from Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 2, 1805. 

Parker, George \V., must, out Dec. 7, 1804. 

Powers, Henry C, re-enl. Nov. 25, 1803. 

Eeichard, Harrison, must, out Dec. 7, 1864. 

Kibble, George F. (1), disch. disability June 20, 1864. 

Kibble, George F. (2), enl. Aug 19, 1S6 1; rocruit. 

Eink, John, enl. Sept. 30, 1861: disch. disability Nov. 14, 1803. 

Eibble, Conrad, enl. Feb. 15, 18G4 ; trans, to Co. E. 

Rodenbough, Irvin, enl. Fob. 25, 1S04; trans, to Co. I. 

Eyno, Henry C, enl. Aug. 23, 1S64 ; trans, to Co. B. 

Seanlan, Morris, must, out Oct. 15, 1864. 

Sclineffer, John F., re-enl. Jan. 18, 1864. 

Scberf, Ludwick A., onl. Sept. 3, 1S62; trans, from Co. L; must, out Juno 
14, 1865. 

Schwartz, John, enl. Sept. 30, 1861 ; trans, from Co. L ; re-enl. 

Shoemaker, Dauiel W., must, out Dec. 7, 1864. 

Smalley, Edward, enl. Jan. 2, 1S64, for tbreo years; recruit. 

Smith, Jerome, enl. May 24, 1SG4, for three years ; recruit. 

Smith, John G., must, out Oct. 15, 1804. 

Smith, William G-, enl. Sept. 20, 1864, for one year; must, out June 14, 
1805. 

Staploman, Richard, enl. April 12, 1S05, for one year; rocruit. 

Stout, George A., re-enl. Jan. 18, 1804. 

Sti inning, Frederick, enl. Aug 20, 1SG2; must, out Juno 14, 1805. 

Surrey, William, enl. April 6, 1S65, for one year; recruit. 

Schaffer, Borgard, onl. Sept. 3, 1862; disch. disability Nov. 20, 1863. 

Scofield, Edward, disch. to join regular army Nov. 20, 1802. 

Snover, Zebedee, onl. Jan. 1, 1864; disch. disability Aug. 6, 1804. 

Sylvester, Eeubon F., disch. disability Juno 9, 1S02. 

Shuller, Andrew J., enl. Jan. 27, 1SG4; trans to Co. I. 

Spangenberg, Andrew G., enl. Jan. 27, 18G4; disch. from Vet. Ees. Corps 

March 20, 1805. 
Speakmon, William, enl. Feb. 5, 1804; trans, to Co. I. 
Staples, Andrew D., died typhoid fover April 20, 1802. 
Taylor, John P., re-enl. Jan. 18, 1864. 
Tinsman, S. J., onl. Feb. 16, 1S04; trans, to Co. I. 
Torrell, Daniel H., enl. Jan. 21, 1SG4; recruit. 
Van Gordon, Jonas S., onl. Jan. 7, 18G4, three yoars; recruit. 
Van Norman, John B., must, out Doc. 8, 1864. 
Van Campon, Jacob S., disch. disability May 14, 1863. 
Van Gordon, Alexander M., disch. disability Sept. 23, 18G5. 
Van Gordon, Amos J., onl. Feb. 15, 1801; trans, to Co. I. 
Van Gordon, Jamos, onl. Feb. 15,1804; trans, to Co. I. 
Vanaraan, Charles, onl. Fob. 24, 1804; trans, to Co. I. 
Van Gordon, Mahlon, enl. Feb. 15, 1864; died, diarrhoea, July 30, 1864. 
Van Gordon, Abraham, not must, out with company. 
Van Gordon, Jacob A., enl. Jan. 1, 1SG4, for throe yoars; rocruit. 
Wilson, James, onl. Feb. 3, 1864, for three yoars : rocruit. 
Warner, Joseph, died typhoid fever, April 5, 1862. 
Winter, William C, enl. Fob. 25, 1804; diod, fever, April 11, 1804. 
Warmuu, William H. II., onl. May 11, 1804, for throe yoars; recruit. 
Wax, Paul, onl. April 13, 1805, for one year ; trans, from Co. I. 
Weavor, Riohard, onl. May 24, 1S04, for threo years; recruit 
Wclstcud, Edward W., enl. Aug. 22, 1802; pro. first lieut. Co. E May 24, 

1863. 
Wheeler, George F., onl. May 16, 1864, for throo years ; rocruit. 
Woolvorton, Charles A., must, out Deo. 7, 1864. 
Woodruff, James, onl. Fob. 4, 1865 ; must, out July 19, 1865. 
Worthington, Elijah, re-onl. Nov. 25, 1863. 
Worthluglon, Samuel, re-enl. Nov. 26, 1863. 
Withorell, Joffrcy W., disch. disability Oct. 22, 1862. 
Warrord, William, onl. Fob. 15, 1804 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Wilgus, Joseph It., disch. from Vet. Ros. Corps Nov. 25, 1803. 
Zanc, Isaac B., onl. Jan. 13, 1804; trans, to Co. G. 

ELEVENTH REGIMENT. 
Robert McAlllstor, col.; com. Juno 30, 1802; liout.-col. First Regiment 
May 21, 1801; col. to fill vacancy; brovct brig-gon. Oct. 27, 1804; 
brevet major-gen. March 13, 1805; must, out June 0, 1805. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IX TIIK WAR OF THH REBELLION. 



143 



J. .In, Bel novor, Heut-col.; cum. July 28, 1803 ; com.-eergt First Ttegi- 

im-itt; edjt Aug. 2, 1802; li-nit.-. ..I,, rice Hoore, res.; ui 

Uarch 13, 1805; must, out June 0,1805 
v,|. „ii,„. M.ii. l.l.i. iiuij.; .-..in. . n.Flntl Ion it, 

May 22, 1801 ; in .j to nil vacancy; res. April I, 1803. 
Edward Bylngton, ant surgeon; com. Vug. 6, 1802; >•- Han h 20,1803. 
i Blbblc, osst. surg i;com. Feb. I". 1863; priratoOo.1; hosp. 

■toward Auk. 12, 1802 ; moat, oul Ji I, i 3d i 

■ Knlghtoa, chaplain; com. Aug. 22, 1802 ; rci May 27, 1803. 

K. Clark Cllne, chaplain ; c Aug. 3, 1803 ; mult onl Jn 

Edward T. Kennedy, fimt lleut Co. A; Juno 21, 1803; second lleut. 

. o D lug. '■. 1802; pro. capl C ■ I Sepl 20 181 I 

CO. B, FIFTEENTH IMAM'KV BEGIUEXT. 
Alfreds Burt, capt.; com. Aug. IS, 1802; ra Jan. 18,1804. 
lamp S. UcDnnolds,capt; com. Uarch 0,1804; dlacli. account wounds, 

Dec. IB, 1804. 
lames J. Bullock, capt; c Feb. 0, 1803; lost on steamer "Gen. 

Lyon," off llattoms, Unroll 31, 1806. 
Bhnrlos U. Fnlrclo, flril lleut.; com. Aug IS, 1802; res. Oct. 0, IS02. 
Hellomlali Tunis, Aral lleut.; com. Nor. 1,1803; precept. Co. D, July 

i u 
kdolpbua Weiss, Ural Kent; com, Julj 3, 1804; pro. capt Co. A, Second 

Begiment, Feb. 2, 1805. 
Charles It. Paul, second lleut; com. Aug. I".. 1802; pro. first Went. Co. G, 

July 27, 1802. 
fcmanuol Ackerson, second licut. ; cm. July :'., 1804 ; [iro. Ilrst licut. Co. 

G.Sopt In, 1804. 
William S. Barles, second lleut.; com. Sept. 10, 1864; pro. from first 

lorgt. Co. I'; must, onl June 22, 1806. 
George Martin, flnrt Bergt.; onl. July 20,1802; pro. second lleut Co. C, 

April 7, [663. 
B Nichols, firstsorgt.; onl. Aug. 11,1802; pro. lint lleut. Co. E, 

July 3, 1804. 
I go A. llynini, first scrgt.; onl. Aug. 0, 1802; pro. first lleut Co. II, 

Fab, 9, 1806. 
Mill- S. Iliinn, firstsorgt. ; enl. July 20, 1802; pro. second lleut Ob. F, 

March 28, I B06. 
lieli. B. Skinner, first aergt.; enl. Aug, 1,1802; pro. from sorgt.; must 

..nl Juno 22, 1805. 
Dayton E Flint, sorgt ; enl. July 20, 1802; pro. Oral lleut Co. D, War. b 

6, 1864. 
Deter Anthony, tergt. ; enl. Aug. 0,1802; pro. from corp. Hay 1, 1805 

must, ".it June 22, 1>i,'i. 

foster II, Langdon, aergt ; enl. Aug. I, 1802; i t. oul June 22. 180.). 

gucob Rcldlngor, eergt; enl July 26, 1802; must out Juno 22 I 

prom Sears, sergt. ; enL Aug. 9, 1802; must out. 2,1808 

An. I. 0. Yeomans, sergt; onl. July 20, 1802; pro. sergt May 12, ISM 

prl n In "Idbby"; must Hay 22, 1805. 

Il.uiry J. Hull.sergt; onl. Aug. 0,1802; pro. com.-sergt April 

Willi. in i B. Brondwell, sergt. ; onl. Aug. 1, 1802; dlscli. account wounds, 

Hi .i 3, 18GX 
Samuel II. Donley, ~>r^-t. ; enl. Aug. 1, 1802; dlsch. dlsaWllI; 

1806; log amputated. 
Bborli H Bu i i, sor, I , onl In L862; died, Washing' - D 

May 20, 1804. 
J. .l.i, Smith, sorgt; onl. Aug. 4, 1802; died, Winchester, To., Oct 2!>, 

1864, 

bee i w Sharp, corp.; enl. Aug. 4, 1802; musl June 29, 1805. 

Edwin C. llbertson, corp.; enl. Aug. D, 1802; dlsch. dlsabllltj Feb. 3, 

1864. 
William A. Schonck, corp.; enl. Aug .', 1802; dlsch. disability Feb. & 

1805. 
AI.'miiiiI.t D. Snow, corp. ; onl. Ha] to Co. I, Second 

Regiment, June 21, 180 i. 

rp.; onl. Feb. 23, 1866; trans, to Co, I. Second Itcgl- 

in. 'in, .inn.' 21, 180 .. 
Ibnun Tl pt Corp.; enl. Fob. 23, 1366 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Itegi- 

mont, .inn.. 21, 180 i. 
Bsorgo A. Proiton, corp. ; onl.Fob. 23, 1805; trnni toCo.I,8oi ind 1: I- 

i, i, -in. .in, i,. 21, i-,, i 
leorgo Gaaklll, corp.; onl. July 18, 1864; tratu to Chi 1,8 .1 Regi- 
ment, Juno 21, 180 i. 
Lee. is It. Schollold.corp . enl, Feb. 23.1S03; Irani. to Co. I, Second Itegl- 

iii.-ni, .1,,,,.' 21, i-i .. 
Jn - A. Boss, i orp ; enl. Fob. 22, 1805; tram loCo.I,Sei md Beglment, 

June 21, 1866, 



John L. Toung, Corp.; enl. July 23,1802; killed, Spottsylranla C'ourt- 

lu] 12, IS) I 
Illnim Si. Sands is.; enl. Auk. 0, 1802; most oul I 

S.iuiuel II. II.- ,11,, wag. i "i.l. Aug. 11, 1M.2; mult, onl June -. 

/ 

Allen, John H., onl. July 25, 1802; .11- h. I i Vet Bes. C irpsJul] 1J, 

1866, 
Darker, William It., snl. Aug. 4, 1862; molt, onl June 22, 1803. 

n B , enl. Aug. 0, 1802; dii b. Juno 
Beaglo, Francii M., enl. Aug. 6, 1 302 : mult oul -t.in- 
Bulglu, Bichard G, enl. An. 22, 1865. 

Babbitt, Stephen I., enl. Aug. I, ISOS 

isopli, enl. Aug. 1, 1802 ; I 111 I, S ,1 m Hi I III , U > J, 1863, 

Barker, Theo. M , enl. Aug. I, 1802; dlod i I. 181 I. 

Harn.it, William II., enl. Aug 9, I 302 : die 1 of wounds July 1 
Bay] ir, Jome« I'., enl. Aug. 1 1, 1802 : killed, Spot I 

May 12, 1804. 

Bllby, George II , enl. Aug. 4, 1802; killed, Spottiylranla Court-house, 

May 12, l-i.l. 
Brown, Edwin N , enl. Oct 1,1861; killed. Cold Harbor, June 1,1804 
Brink, John P., enl. Aug, 10, 1862; not must, out "in, company. 

< li". i go E., oul. Oct 1,1801; must, out Oct. 1,1804. 

.'i,i. II irvey H,cnl. Aug.2, I H 

w,iiiain It , .nl Aug. I, 1802; dlsch. dlsobllil - 

C r, Levi II . .-i,I. Aug. 6, 1802; i 

Couglo, John II., enl. Aug. 4, 1802; dlsch. disability March 22,1803. 
Cook, William, enl. Fob. 0, 1805; trans, lo Co. a 

in R -I Ipril I 1865; M in toCo.i 
Crusor, Cliarlee w„ onl. Aug. 1, 1862 ; trans, lo Co. I, So. md 

Juno 81, 1805. 
Carpenter, ZibaO., enl. Aug. i 

Cole, Hcnrj W., onl. Aug 0, 1802; killed, Fredericksburg, Do . 
Deremor, Morris, onl. Aug. I, 1802; died, feror, May 10, 1863. 
, a, Lewis 0., enl. Aug. 2, 1862 ; killed, Fredoricksbul . 

1803. 
Doughorty, Thomas, enl. Aug. 2, 1802 ; killed, Spottsylvanla Court-hous". 

i 12,1804 
Dockor, William II., enl. March 10, 1805 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Dlehl, Lewis, enl. Sept 28, 1864; nan- to Co. I. 
D ike, llborl I.., enl. Aug. l, 1862; dla h. dl 

Dennln, Stephen, enl. Aug. I, is>.j; must. ..,it J 25 

Droko, Owen, enl. Aug. 1, 1862; must, out Jui 

Egbert, James, enl. July 31, 1802; dl 

Fernnld, Frank •!.. enl. Aug. I, 1*02; killed, Sp ittsyhranls Court-house, 

May 12, 1804. 
Force, Thomas, onl. March 23, 1805 ; trans, to I a \ 

I, enl M iii''' ■ Co. n. 

I, Philips., enl. July 1-, 1864 jdled, wound 8 
Grimm, Frederick, enl. Uarch 25,1865; trous. to I I - 

J,, ,"• 21, 180 i. 
Gunthcr, Aloxandor, onl. March 26, 18C5; trans, to C... 1, Se. on 1 Bi -,- 

meut, Jum tl, 1 
ii.i! Cbarl Irani, to Co. I, Second I; 

Jane 21, I 

P ...I Fob 23,1866 

June tl, 1865. 
llanlt, Frederick, enl Jan. £6, 1865 ; trans, v Beglment, 

.1 21. 1 10 I. 

..i.l I... enl. Aug. 9, 1862; dlscli. lrom Vet. Bos. Corps Ang.24, 

Hi ad, i i at, John s., cnL Uarch 1 

meat 
Ulldorshelm, Fratz, onl. Uaroh 21,1866; trans. to Co. I, - 

nl. . 1 21 

■I. • ,.' Harcli Co. F, £ 

Hoffman, James, euL July j>, 1862; trans. : 

Jane 

ii an, John, enl. Uarch 26,1862; trans. I 

;, I-'.'.. 
Qomelshelmor, Gotlrlod, enl. Uaroh 26, w.2; tr.,n- h> I I, S 

Horner, \ ; trans. Co. I, & 

June 21, 1865. 
Hankorson, William M„ oul 

Hull, KdwanlS.enl. Aug. 8, 1862; ,1862. 



m 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



ITand, Charles, cnl. Jan. 4, 1S64 ; disch. disability June 17, 1S05. 
Ileed, Henry J- V., enl. Aug. 1, 1S02 ; disch. wounds May 29.1SG5. 
Ilendersliot, Jacob B., enl. Aug. 9, 1S62; disch. disability Dec. 11, 1SG3. 
Horn, Richard B., enl. July 20, 1SG2 ; disch. disability March 22, 1SG3. 
Howell, Jamison 0., enl. Aug. C, 1SG2; disch. disability April 21, 18G4. 
Harrington, Michael, enl. Sept. 13, 1SG4 ; traus. from Co. A ; must, out 

June22,18G5. • 
Hoffman, Henry H., enl. Aug. 11, 1SG2 ; must, out June 22, 18G5. 
Horn, Charles, enl. Sept. 7.1SG4 ; must, out Juno 22, 1SG5. 
Ireland, Japhet J., enl. March 20, 1SG5 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

Juno 21, 18G5. 
■'ones, Charles, enl. Feb. 23, 1SG5 ; trans, to Co. F, Second Regiment. 
Judd, William, enl. March 25, 1SG5; trans, to Co. I, Second Begiment, 

June 21. 1SG5. 
Kay, Seth, enl. Feb. 23, 1SG5 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Begiment, June 

21.1S65. 
Kimbecker, Andrew, enl. March 25, 1S65 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regi- 
ment, June 21, 18G5. 
Klein, Ludwick, eul. March 25, 1S65 ; trans, to Co. T, Second Begiment, 

June 21, 1805. 
Klein, Peter, enl. March 25, 1SG5; trans, to Co. I, Second Begiment, 

June 21, 1S65. 
Kugleman, Jacob, enl. Sept. 22, 18G4 ; trans, to Co. F, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1SG5. 
King, Abraham G., enl. Aug. 5, 1862 ; killed, Spottsylvania Court-house, 

May 12, 18G4. 
Krewson, Joseph M., enl. Sept. 5, 1SG4 ; trans, to Co. A ; must, out June 

22, 1SC5. 
Knlp, Peter C, cnl. Aug. 7, 1862 ; disch. May 19, 1865. 
Lippincott, William, cnl. Aug. 7, 1862 ; disch. Juno 0, 18G5. 
Lambert, John, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; disch. disability July 23, 1863. 
Lawrence, John, cnl. Aug. 11, 1S62; disch. disability March 21, 1SG3. . 
Leigh, Henry, enl. Aug. 11,1802; trans, to navy April 7, 1864. 
Lichan, Louis, cnl. March 9, 1S65 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Lind, Frederick, eul. Fob. 23,1865; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

June 21,1SG5. 
Maier, Frederick, enl. July 19, 1864; died of wounds Oct. 21, 1864. 
Marlin, John 0., enl. Aug. 9, 18G2; killed, Spottsylvania Court-house, 

May 12, 1804. 
Minion, Jacob P., enl. Aug. 0, 1862; died, prisoner of war, June, 1S64. 
Martin, Pbiletus B., enl. Aug. 9, 1862 ; not must. in. 
Mac-kay, William, cnl. May 28, 1861; must, out July 2, 1864. 
McDced, James, cnl. Aug. 3, 1862; must, out Juno 22, 1865. 
Marlatt, William, enl. July IS, 1862; disch. for disability Jan. 19, 1863. 
McKim, William H., enl. Aug. 9, 1862; disch. for disability Jan. 19, 1863. 
Mott, John H., enl. Jan. 5, 1864; disch. for disability Dec. 24, lSGJ. 
Mills, George, enl. Feb. 23, 1865; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, Juno 

21, 1865. 
Mitchell. Thomas, enl. Aug. 9, 1862 ; disch. from Vet. Res. Corps June 20, 

1805. 
Montgomery, Alexander, eul. Feb. 23, 18G5 ; trans, to Co. T, Second Regi- 
ment, Juno 21, 1855. 
Monk, Bernard, enl. March 25, 1805; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1865. 
01 instead, Lucius J., enl. Aug. 9, 1862; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Parks, Lyman M., onl. Aug. 0, 1SG2 ; disch. for disability Aug. 17, 1864. 
Pearce, Charles, enl. March 15, 1865 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Probst, John T., enl. Feb. 23, 1865 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, June 

21, 1805. 
Roll, Frank, enl. Aug. 0, 1802; must, out Juno 22, 18G5. 
Randall, James W., enl. March 9, 18G5 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

Juno 21, 1805. 
Ban, Andrew J., cnl. July 23, 1S04; trans, to Co. I, Socond Regiment, 

Juno 21, 16CS. 
Bichcnlield, Adolph, enl. March 22, 1SG5; trans, to Co. F, Socond Regi- 
ment, Juno 21, 1SG5. 
Bigban, George, eul. March 21,18G5; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

Juno 21, 1805. 
Rowley, Gideon, onl. Aug. 0, 1802 ; died of fovor April 4, 1803. 
Sanderson, Richmond, enl. Aug. 4, 18G2; killed, Fredericksburg, May 3, 

1863. 
Sidcner, William F., onl. Jan. 4, 1804; killed, Spottsylvania Court-houso, 

May 12, 18C4. 
Slllrer, John T., enl. Aug. 4, 1802; died of wounds May 17, 1804. 
Smith, Boclcwlth, eul. March 21. 1806; not must, out with company. 
Smith, William, enl. Aug. 19, 1804; not must, out with company. 
Smith, lllram, onl. Sept. 19, 1801; must, out Nov. 1, 1804. 



Shoeron, Patrick, enl. Sept. 19, 1S01; must, out Sept. 19, 1864. 

Stutz, Jacob, eul. July 25, 1862 ; must, out June 22, 1865. 

Sutton, George, enl. Sept. 6, 18G4; must, out June 22, 1865. 

Swick, B. Clinton, enl. Aug. 9,1862; must, out Juno 22, 1805. 

Seals, Zaehariah, enl. Aug. 9, 1S02; disch. disability March 9, 1SG3. 

Sutton, Jacob L., enl. Aug. 9, 1SG2 ; disch. disability July 20, 1SG3. 

Schmidt, Charles, eul. March 24, 1SG5 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1SG5. 
Schuyler, John, enl. Feb. 25, 1SG5; trans to Co. I, Second Regiment, June 

21.1SG5. 
Sidener, Walter A., enl. Jan. 4, 1S64; trans, to Co. C. 
Sowers, Abraham, enl. Feb. 25, 1S65; traus. to Co. F, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1S65. 
Still, Henry, enl. Aug. 1, 1SG2; disch. fromTet. Res. Corps July 14, 1SG5. 
Sylaggi, George, enl. March 22, 1S65; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1S05. 
Thomas, William, enl. Sept. 2, 1S04; trans, to Co. H. 
Toole, James, enl. Feb. 23, 1S65 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, June 

21, 1S65. 
Tunstill, John, cnl. Feb. 23, 1865 ; trans, to Co. 1, Second Regiment. 
Titus, Charles W., Jr., onl. Aug. 11, 1862 ; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Tunis, George W., onl. March 21, 1865 ; must, out June 20, 1865. 
Thompson, John O., eul. Aug. 11, 1SG2; disch. disability March 2G, 1SG3, 
Timmins, James, enl. Aug. 11, 1S62; disch. disability April 9, 1863. 
Timmins, Patrick, enl. July 25, 1862 ; diod of wounds July 14, 1S64. 
Van Ness, Simon S., enl. Aug. 4, 1SG2; disch. from hospital May 13, 1865. 
Van Schover, Joseph, enl. March 23, 1865 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regi- 
ment, June 21, 1805. 
Van Syckel, Joseph B., enl. Aug. 5, 1862 ; disch. from Vet. Res. Corps 

June 29, 1S65. 
Voorhees, Bichard B.. onl. Aug. 22, 1S64; died of wounds Nov. 11, 1S64. 
Vossler, George, enl. Aug. 11, 18G2; killed, Spottsylvania Court-house, 

May 12, 18G4. 
Vossler, Oakley W., enl. Aug. 11, 1862; killed, Spottsylvania Court-house, 

May 8,1864. 
Vought, Charles R., enl. Aug. 9, 1S62 ; killed, Spottsylvania Court-house, 

May 12, 1864. 
Vought, Emanuel B., enl. Aug. 0, 1S02 ; killed, Fredericksburg, May 3, 

1S03. 
Wagner, John, eul. March 22, 1SG5; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1865. 
Walther, Leopold, enl. Sept. 22, 1SG4 ; trans, to Co. K. 
West, Charles, enl. March 22, 18G5; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1865. 
Whitesell, Ogden, enl. July 28, 1S62 ; must, out June 22, 1805. 
Williams, Samuel, enl. Sept, 12, 1801; must, out Sept. 12, 18G4. 
Wilson, John A., enl. Aug. 4, 18G2 ; must, out May 19, 18G5. 
Wiggins, Henry L., enl. July 20, 1802 ; disch. disability Feb. 17, 1S04. 
Winters, James L., enl. July 28, 1SG2; rejected by must-officer, Fleming- 
ton, N. J. 
Welter, George, cnl. July 31, 18G2 ; killed, Spottsylvania Court-houso, May 

12, 1864. 
Zeiss, William, enl. March 25, 1S05 ; trans, to Co. I, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1805. 

CO. H, FIFTEENTH INFANTRY REGIMENT. 

Andrew J. Wight, capt. ; com. Aug. 15, 1SG2 ; res. March 16, 1863. 
William T. Cornish, capt.; com. March 18, 1863; pro. maj. Thirty-ninth 

Regiment Sopt. 22, 1864. 
Dayton E. Flint, enpt. ; com. Dec. 31, 1864 ; must, out June 22, 18G5. 
James S. McDanolds, first lieut.J com. March 18, 1803; pro. capt. Co. B 

March 6, 1804. 
Juntos E. Cole, first lieut.; com. July 3, 1804; pro. capt. Co. D Fob. 0, 

1865. 
George A. Byram, first lieut. ; com. Fob. 9, 1865 ; trans, to Co. I, Socond 

Regiment, Juno 21, 1865. 
James V. Bontley, second lieut. ; com. Aug. 27, 1802 ; res. Fob. 24, 1804. 
Manuel Kline, socond lieut.; com. Sept. 10, 1804; must, out Juno 22, 

1805. 
Henry R. Morrill, first sorgt. ; onl. Aug. 11, 1802 ; pro. Bccond lieut. Co. 

C, July 3, 1804. 
William G. Bailey, first sorgt. ; onl. Aug. 4, 1802 ; must, out Juno 22, 1805. 
Goorgo P. Brewer, first sorgt.; cnl. June 28, 1861; killed, Fisher's Hill, 

Vn., Sopt. 21, 1864. 
Charles B. Cornish, sorgt.; enl. Aug. 12, 1862; pro. first lieut. Co. B,' 

Thirty-fifth Regiment, Sept. 25, 1863. 



SUSSEX AND WAKKF.N IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION". 



145 



James Donnelly, sorgt.; eal. Ang. 16, 18C2; pro. second Hoot. Co. A July 

;. 1804. 

Marshall Bruner, sergt ; enl. July 30, 1802; nnul tJi 22, 

Wllllanj Forrester, sergt.; onl. Aug. 11, 1862; must, out Jane 2 

William Doremer, sorgt.; enl. July 26, 1802; must oul J 2 

Jacob J - HotT, sorgt. ; enl Aug. in, 1802; mint out July 12, 1 

Juim B. Lunger, sergt; enl. Aug. 7, 1802; killed, Spottsylvanla Court- 

n i Ha) 12, 1801. 
John Houdor, sergt. ; enl. Aug. 8, 1802; killed, Codar Crook, Yo.,0 i 10, 

1804. 
Bui I Bubndon, ergl ; onl, Aug. 2,1802; killod, Spottsylvanla Conrt- 

li > I . i > ', 1804. 

J< I istner, t;onl. Aug. 12,1802; not must out with company. 

>Villi;uil K. UelZOy, flergt. ; enl. Aug. 2, 1-1. J; lint lilll.-t. nut Willi 1,111- 

imiiy. 
Abraham r. Bush, sorgt.; enl. Aug, 11, 1802 ; must out June 
.' ■ i , Longer, sergt ; enl. Aug. 11, 1862; must out Juno 22, 1805, 

George Dnflbrd, sorgt.; enl. July 30, 1802; St. "in June 22, 1806. 

Abraham Crevellng, sergt.; enl. Ang, 2, 1802; must ""t June 

ire 8. Dalrymple, sergt; enl. Aug. 0,1802; must, out. Juno 22, 

I i lit II. Doremer, sergt. ; enl. Aim. 11. 1862; St. oul June 22,1805. 

William II. Howard, sergt; enl Aug, I, 180S; must mil June 22, 1866. 

Martin Geary, corp. ; enl. Sept 1, 1804 ; -t. June 22, 1 

Mososl'rall, corp.; enl. Aug. 2, 1802; dlsch. disability Jim. 10, 1803. 
[saacLuDger.corp. ;onl. Aug. 12, 1862; dl b II blllt] '■ ■■ S3 
Albert n. Oraeley, Corp.; enl. Ang. 12, 1862; killed, Spottsy I vanla >i- 

. May 12, 1804. 
Richard I', l.ovick, Corp. ; enl. May 29, 1661; killed, Opennan, Vie, Bept 

10, 1804. 
Cornollus 91ack, corp, ; onl. Aug, 10, 1862; not most ontwlth company. 
John U Williams, mot.; onl. Jnly 25, 1862; must, out June 22, 1865. 
William .1 II. Mason, mns. ; enl. Aug 7, 1862; dlsch. Feb. 17, 1801. 

I I ■■ 1 1 1 v CroloIoy,Wag.; enl. Aug. 7, 1S02 ; must, out Juno 22, 1SC5. 

Pritaia, 
Alvoi.l, Henry, enl. Aug. 8, 18C2; must, out Juno 22, 1806. 
Androws, John 0., enl. July 25, 1802 ; disch. to join regular army Oct. 

20, 1802. 

Au.h,., .1 'i M., enl. Aug.ll, 1802; trans, to Co. II, Second Regiment, 

Juno 21, 1805. 
Archer, William V.„ onl. Aug. 4,1802; killed, Spottsylruuia Court-house, 

May 12,1804. 
Bodlne, William J,, enl. Ang. 11, 1802; killed, Spotlsylvania Court-bouse, 

Hay 12, 1804. 
Black, William, enl. July 25,1802; wounded; not must, out with com- 
pany. 
Bm I., Friti, enl. Ang. 29, 1864 ; must onl June 13, 1SG5. 
Baker, John II., enl. Aug. 10, 18C2; dlsch. to join regular army Oct. 20, 

1802. 
Bell, .i.iiii, .-nl. Am.-- 16, 1862; dlsch. disability Jan. 10, 1863. 
Bates, Benjamin, enl. Any. II, 1SC2; disch. from Vet Res. Corps June 

14,1866, 
Bonner, Frederick, enl. April 5, 1865; trans, to Co. C. 
Bllnkenborger, Augnstus, enl. July 13,1804; trans, to Co. II, Second 

Regimcni. June 21. 1865. 
Brady, Jam. s, .oil. A|n il \ 1-r. . , tt.u.-. to t'o. II, Second Regiment, Juno 

21, 1866. 

Braudhur-i. Charles, enl. March 28, 1805; trans, to Co. II, Second Regi- 

iii nt, Juno 21, 1805. 
Brass, Thomas, onl. Aug. 29, 1804 ; trans, to r,, r 
Brown, Nathan, onL Feb. 20, 1805 ; trnus. t.. Co, II, s 1 ttegl nt, 

.Ion.- 21, 1805. 
Orotsley, WtlUam, eol. Aug. 1, 1862 ; ma I oal roni jj, 1805. 
Corral, Lawrom . onl. Aug. 1, 1862; dlsch, t" Join rogular army Oct 
0,186! 

Boon G . - nl \n--. 1, 1862; dlsch. dl il . lsG3. 

Oanflold, Ferdinand M . onl. Slay 91, 1861; trans, to Co H, So ond Rog- 

iin. nl, June 21, IsO.".. 
Chamborlln, William H., onl. Aug, II, 1802; dlsch, from Vot Res. Corps 

July 20, I ■ 

Oourtright, Chauncoy, enl. Aug. 28, 1861; trans, to Co. I. 

Cearfbes, William O,onl, Jan. 5, 1801; killed, SpoUayltania ' '.mrl house, 

May 12, 180*. 
Cole, Dennis, enl. Aug. IS, 1802; died In hospital Kan b 
Col i aai IV, .nl. Aug. 10,1802; mining In action, s.ih-ni Heights; 

suppose I killed, 



rrls, .nl. Bept l, 1804 ; died of wounds Hoi 

; not must onl with company. 

Davidson, John, enl. Sept 1, 1804 ; not must, out with company. 
Dufford, James O., enl. July 3u, 1802; killed, Spottsylranla Court-house, 

May 12, 1861. 
Dalley, Daniel, onl. April 13, 1805; trans, to Co. n, B 

June 21, 
Daub, William '■., onl. April 8, 1805; trans, to Co. H, B 

Juno21 

r, Ralph, onL July 25, 1802; trans, to Co. II, - 
. 1865. 
Dost, Nicholas, ■ nl. Aug. 2:1,1804; trans, to Co. II, Second Begimont, 

.li 21, 1805. 

Doremer, Joseph, enl. Aug. 8, 18C2; disch. to i toy Oct. 20, 

1862. 
Dukln, Charles, onl. Aug. 10, 1802; dlsch. disability Juno 3, 1805. 
Dalrymple, Jacob 1'.. enl. Aug. 2'-, 1861; must onl June 
Doremer, Isaac It., enl, July 26, 1862; must onl June 21, l - i. 
1' hi, A!, in/.-, -■nl. An- j",, l^ii ; must onl .Inn.- ... 1805. 

In , James, onl. Ang 0, 1862; dlsch. disability Aug. 12,1803. 

; Justus I. , enl Jul) 25, 1 - p 2 : must int Jun 

; ' July 20, 1861; not must, out with company. 

i. .urn. Samuel, onl. Sept. :',, ISM ; must out J ■ 22, 

i;. i-l. hi. Tin this, ml. s,-|it. 1, 1804; must, out June 2 :. 

Goarcko, Uenry A., onl. Bept 1,1861; dlsch. front hospital July 15,1805. 

Gansz, demons, onl. March 27, 1865 ; nans, to Co. C. 

i. iii hi i. i,, B., enl. April 11, 1866; trans, to Co. H, Second Rogi- 

ineiit, Jane 21, 1S05. 
Gourloy, Samuel, enl. March 25, 1805; trans, to Co. II. - 

Juno 21, L8i 
Gnntker, Edward, enl. April 12,1SC5 ; trans, to Co. II, Second Regiment, 

June 21, 1865. 

i. .ii 1 1- lacob D.,cnl. Aug. 12, 1802; died of wounds May 11, 1864. 

Grovolor, Frank, enl. Aug. 19, 1862 ; died of wounds May :;. !-■ I, 

Hill, Charles, enl. Jul] II, 1801; nol most ontwitl pony. 

Iliniiilt Jeremiah, enl. March 25, 1805; trans, to Co. H, Second R gi- 

tnetit, June 21, 1805. 

il , onl. April 13, 1865; trans, to Co.n, Second Begimont, 

June 21, 1805. 
Il.iiii, i li, Paul, enl. Mnrch 24, 1805; traus. to Co. II, Second Regiment, 

Juno 21, 1805. 
Hoffman, Qeoi ■■, onl. March 17, 1805; trans, to Co. I. 
HoOmnn, Hezekiah, enl. Aug. 1, 1S62; disch. from Vet. Res. Corps Jane 

28, 1805. 
Hongb, Benjnmin M., onl. Aug. 21, 1802 ; traits, to Co. K Sept. 1, 1863. 
II. hi-, 1. Jacob, enl. Aug. 18, 1862 ; disch. from Vet. Km. Corjo Juno 28, 

1805. 
IlufT, Thonnui II., enl. Sept. 20, 1804 ; trans, to Co. I. 
Huntsman, Henry, enl, April 8, 1805; trans, to Co. II, Second Begimont, 

Juno 21, 1805. 
Hopler, Alexander, enl. July 30, 1802; disch. disability Feb. 17, 1803. 
Unit, Joseph, onl. Sept 1. 1861 ; must, out June 22. 1805. 
Hawley, Beth K., enl, July 13, 1804; must, out June 1", 1805, 
ll.i.l, Willi, mi, ,nl. Jul! 28, 1802; must, out Juno 22, 1865. 
Hilton, John It., onl. Aug. 21, 1862; pro, hospital steward Aug. 25, 1802. 
II iffmiiu, David, enl. Aug. s, lsiVJ; must, out June 22 I 
Iiucho, Houry J., enl. Aug. 23, 1802; killed, Cold Harbor, Vn , Juno 1, 

l-| I. 
Johnson, Garret, • nl. Ang. 4, 1862 : died, fever, March ' 
Johnson, William, enl. Aog. i ■ larch 0,1863. 

Kit. -hell, Kdward V... nil Aug. 9, lsf.2; tniist. ,,„t Jui,„ 12, 1st".".. 

Ktug.T, Charles, enl April 12,1st-".; trans. toOo. II, Svond Regiment, 
I, 1805. 
rry, John Ii , onl. Aug. 6, 1802; dlsch. disability O t. II 
I, ,1111.11 1, William, enl, March 21, 1865; trans, to I .. ll.s-- n 1 K.-giment, 
Jane 21, 1-' ■ 

lln, onl. March 21, 1865; trans, to Co. B, Second Bogl- 
I 
1 log. 0,1862; died of wounds July 1 . 

Minimi, Nl 1 on, onl Sepl I, 181 I; musl out J 

ubon, enl. Bept 1, 1801; most out Ji 22, I 

Miller, John It . eul. July 30, 1802; 1. onl 

- itiiu.i. eul. Aug. 1. 1802; dlsch. disability, April 21, 1- 1 
il li. on account WOUndsJulj 
aim ampntatod. 
Malr, J.liu. . nl Mm, h :;,18C5;tnuis. tod' I ut.June 



lie 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Mason, William J. n., enl. Feb. 7, 1SG5 ; trans, to Co. H, Second Regi- 
ment, June 21, 1SG5. 

Heir, Charles, enl. March 23,1805; trans, to Co. II, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1865. 

Miller, John, enl. Feb. 1, 1803; trans, to Co. H, Second Regiment, June 
21, 1805. 

Mitchell, Thomas, enl. Aug. 9, 1S02 ; trans, to Co. B Sept. 1, 1803. 

Morton, Caleb J., enl. Aug. 30, 1804 ; died, diarrhoea, Sept. 19, 1804. 

Moser, Joseph, enl. July 21, 1864: died, wounds, Oct. 11, 1864. 

Murphy, James, enl. Aug. 16. 1862 ; killed, Spottsylrania, Va., May 8, 1SG4. 

Mann, George N., enl. June 2, 1804; not must, out with company. 

O'Carroll, Patrick, enl. Aug. 4, 1862; must, out June 22, 1865. 

Osman, Prall, enl. Sept. 1, 1S04; must, out June 22, 1805. 

Olmstead, Lucius J., enl. Aug. 9, 1802; trans, to Co. B Sept. 1, 1803. 

Opperman, Charles, enl. March 22, 1S65; trans, to Co. II, Second Regi- 
ment, June 21, 1805. 

Potter, Reuben H., enl. Aug. 29, 1864 ; must, out June 22, 1S65. 

Perry, James, enl. July 5, 1SG4; trans, to Co. E, Eighth Regiment. 

Petty ..Steward, enl. Aug. 4, 1S62; died, fever, Feb. 20, 1863. 

Pierson, Lewis C, enl. Aug. 4, 1862; died, fever, March 4, 1863. 

Rush, John B., enl. Aug. II, 1S62 ; must, out June 22, 1805. 

Rush, Levi, enl. Aug. 25, 1SG2 ; must, out June 22, 18G5. 

Raulison, James, enl. April 13, 1805 ; trans, to Co. H, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1865. 

Ronan, Thomas, enl. April 8, 1805 ; trans, to Co. H, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1S05. 

Rush, Moses, enl. Aug. 2, 1S62; killed, Salem Ileights, Va., May 3, 1803. 

Roach, Cornelius, enl. July 14, 1804 ; not must, out with company. 

Seymour, Henry, enl. May 28, 1801 ; died of wounds Nov. 2, 1801. 

Slack, John, enl. Aug. 21, 1802 ; died of wounds May 10, 1864. 

Steel, Joseph B., enl. Aug. II, 18G2; killed, Spottsylvania Court-house, 
May 12, 1804. 

Smith, Jeremiah D., enl. Aug. 11, 1802; died from fever March 20, 1803. 

Smith, Luke, enl. Sept. 1, 1864 ; must, out Juno 22, 180 5. 

Seguine, Joseph, enl. Aug. 29, 1804 ; must, out Juno 22, 1865. 

Seguine, William S., enl. July 31, 1802; trans, to Co. H, Second Regi- 
ment, June 21, 1805. 

Snyder, Leonard, enl. Sept. 1, 18G4 ; must, out June 13, 1865. 

Stout, Sydney, enl. Aug. 25, 1864; must, out June 22, 1SG5. 

Schiefer, Philip, enl. March 24, 1805 ; trans, to Co. H, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1865. 

Sharf, Jacob, enl. July 21, 1804; tran6. to Co. I. 

Sleter, Fritz, enl. March 24, 1805 ; trans, to Co. II, Second Regiment, June 
21, 1865. 

Spencer, William, enl. June 2, 1804 ; trans, to Co. n, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1805. 

Staats, Henry B., enl. Aug. 19, 1862 ; trans, to Co. E Sept. 1, 1863. 

Stamford, Hazard, enl. July 19, 1804; trans, to Co. II, Second Regiment. 

Stein, Gustav, enl. March 24, 1805; trans, to Co. II, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1865. 

Stutz, Ferdinand, enl. March 25, 1805 ; trans, to Co. H, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1805. 

Thomas, William, enl. Sept. 2, 1804; must, out June 22, 1S65. 

Trimmer, Samuel, enl. July 31, 1862; disch. from Vet. Res. Corps Nov. 
16, 1864. 

Tharp, Joseph S., enl. Aug. 8, 1802; died of wounds Juno 13, 1863. 

Turney, Edward, enl. July 25, 1802; not must, out with company. 

Van Horn, Simon W., enl. Aug. 0, 1802 ; died of wounds May 15, 1804. 

Van Berger, Herman, enl. Aug. 4, 1862; disch. from Vet. Ros. Corps 
Fob. 7, 1S65. 

Voorhocs, Whitfield, enl. Sept. 1, 1861 ; must, out Juno 22, 1865. 

Voorhees, William II., enl. April 12, 1865; trans, to Co. H, Second Regi- 
ment, June 21, 1805. 

Welsh, Patrick, enl. April 13, 1805; trans, to Co. II, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1865. 

Williams, John, enl. July 23, 1864; trans, to Co. n, Second Regiment, 
June 21, 1865. 

Wcnzol, Lawrence, enl. Feb. 29, 1804; must, out Juno 13, 1805. 

Wcyaii.lt, Peter, enl. July 28, 1861 ; must, out June 10, 1805. 

Young, Hollow&y II., enl. Aug. 6, 1802; disch. to join regular army Oct. 
26, 1862. 

Younghause, Henry, enl. Sept. 1, 1864; killed Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 
1864. 

CO. I), TniRTY-FIRST INFANTRY REGIMENT. 
Joseph W. Johnson, capt.; com. Sept. 16, 1802; disch. May 20, 1863. 
Joseph C. Felvcr, capt.; com. May 22, 1863; must, out Juno 24, 1803. 



Jacob T. Thompson, first lieut. ; com. May 22, 1SG3 ; must, out June 24, 

1S03. 
Frank P. Weymouth, second lieut. ; com. Sept. 15, 1862; pro. first lieut. 

Co. F March 1, 1S63. 
Washington Stout, second lieut. ; com. May 22, 1SC3 ; must, out June 24, 

1803. 
Wesley W. Castuer, first sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1SG2 ; pro. com.-sergt. Sept. 

18, 1S62. 
William Wilson, first scrgt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1S02 ; must, out June 24, 1863. 
Robert A. Brown, scrgt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; pro. com. sergt, March 22, 

1803. 
Charles E. Lancaster, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1302 ; pro. sergt.-major Sept. 

18, 1S02. 
James Lillie, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, out June 24, 1803. 
Henry C. Cotton, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, out June 24, 1803. 
James M. Smith, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, out June 24, 1SC3. 
Benjamin Opdyke, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out June 24, 1863. 
Samuel A. Bristol, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1SG2; pro. ndjt. March 23, 1863. 
Charles R. McFern, Corp.; enl. Sept. 3, 1S62; must, out Juno 24, 1803. 
George Fennel, corp. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out June 24, 1803. 
Isaac Cole, Corp.; enl. Sept. 3, 1862; must, out June 24, 1803. 
George J. Maxwell, corp. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1S02 ; must, out June 24, 1863. 
James W. Kemmerer, corp. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out June 24, 1S63. 
George W. Weller, corp. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out Juno 24, 1863. 
Joseph S. Carter, corp. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, out June 24, 1S03. 
John W. Bray, Corp. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862; must, out June 24, 1803. 
William Doolittle, corp. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; disch. on account of wounds 

Feb. 5, 1803. 
Samuel R. Opdyke, wag.; enl. Sept. 3, 1S62; must, out June 24, 1803. 

Priuaiesj* 
Jacob W. Baker, Lewis Balkenberg, Robert M. Bodine, Whitfield W. 
Bowlby, James L. Boyd, Edward Bryan, Joseph Bryan (disch. for dis- 
ability Juno 5, 1S03), George R. Crevoling, Charles Cyphers, Alpheus 
Cyphers (disch. for disability Feb. 5. 1S03), William Dagan, John Da- 
vison, Philip Deremer, James Dugan, Justin P. Edgarton, Isaiah W. 
Emmons (disch. for disability Jan. 31, 1863), Clark Felver, Petor C. 
Felver, Joseph II. Force, Daniel Gardner, Oscar Godloy, George W. 
Hansler, Nowbold W. Hess, Caleb II. Hollingshead, Charles K. Horn- 
baker, William Ilornbaker, James C. Hummer, Petor Hummer (died 
of fever April 8, 1863), Philip C. Hutchings (died of fever March 23, 
1SG3), James Irwin, Jeremiah Keifer, John Keldron, James Kelly, 
Elias S. Kessler, David Kreis, Samuel Lambert, Nathaniel Libby, 
William Lillie, Richard Macklor, John II. Nightingale, Thomas L. 
Norton, William S. Opdyke, Henry S. Pence, Christopher F. Petty, 
Seth Petty, Morgan Petty (died of rover June 19, 18G3), William I. 
Powers, Andrew J. Price, Fanton Quigley, And. J. Raymond, Morris 
Scott, Elins Slack, John S. Smith, John W. Smith, Jr., Jacob Stone, 
Edward Taylor, William C. Thompson, William H. Thompson, Lewis 
Proster, William C. Van Doron, George C. Wuudling, Henry B. Wand- 
ling, Jacob C. Wandling, Benjamin Ward, Jacob S. Warns, James 
S. Warne, Lawrence L. Weller, Poter B. Weller, Andrew J. Wiley, 
Mathios B. Wilson, Anthony 0. Wintermute, Poter R. Winter (disch. 
for disability Nov. 14, 1802), Poter C. Woodruff, Jacob Woolston, 
Henry R. Woolvorton (killed by accident at camp near Bello Tlains, 
Va., April 8, 1803), William C. Yard, John Youmans. 

CO. C, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 
Andrew J. Raub, capt. ; com. Sept. 10, 1802 ; pro. major Fob. 28, 1803. 
Martin Wyckoff, capt. ; com. March 13, 1863 ; must, out June 24, 1863. 
Thomas T. Stewart, first lieut. ; com. Sopt. 10, 1862 ; reB. Fob. 9, 1863. 
Abram 0. S. Carpenter, first lieut. ; com. Fob. 10, 1803 ; must, out June 

24, 1803. 
Silas Hulsizer, second lieut. ; com. Sopt. 10, 1862 ; res. Fob. 10, 1803. 
John R. Cyphors, second lieut. ; com. Fob. 10, 1803; must, out Juno 24, 

1803. 
John Smith, first sorgt. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803. 
Abram E. Ilinloy, sorgt. ; onl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803. 
Robert C. Carpenter, sergt. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1861. 
Daniel Parcel], sorgt. ; onl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out Juno 24, 1863. 
Charles Pnrdoo, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803. 
David Stamets, Corp. ; enl. Sopt. 3, 1862 ; must, out June 24, 18G3. 
Lowis Dioslo, corp. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803. 

* Unloss othorwiso specified, each enlisted mun of this regiment was 
enrolled Sopt. 3, 1802, mustered in Sept. 17, 1802, and mustered out Juno 
24, 1803. 



SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE AVAR OF THE REBELLION. 



147 



Jonathan 0. Bobbins, Corp.; onl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, nut Juno 24, 1803. 
John Donnls, corp. i onl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; mint out Juno 24, 1803 
Henry Carter, corp. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 21, 1803. 

Joslah P. Dlattenburg, Corp.; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out J 

j,,lin I!. Hand, Corp.; onl. Sept. 3, 1882; mo»t, onl Jane 

-. Hui-i/. i, ...ip.; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802; most, ont Jone 24, 1803. 

Jacob aim bo, mm ; onl, Sept 3, 1802; must onl .1 24, 1803. 

ivi..i i ',ii, ,ii, ii,ii, ; nil Sept 1,1802; mast ont Jm.,, ! I 

JHugh It. Person, wag.; onl. Bept 3, I-',: ; must ont Jane 24, 1803. 

Prlcata. 
Andrew Abel, Thomas Abol, William II. Bocbman (dlsch. disability Nov. 

20, 1802), James Barker, Ja ! Bell, John M. Bonward, J pb M. 

Bonward, Edward Bntler, Henry E. Butlor.John T. Case, William 
■ . .Linn i A. Groveling, Jaxses T. TJalrympIo, Edward Deremor, 

Juliu Illlts, Zealous Ih.nu] , Jac-cih Fisher, Martin Fisher, Jr., It.,l.ort 

W. Fisher, William L. Fu-i-o nlh .1, lever, J ■ '■<■, I M '■:'. ', Martin J. 

i Ilod.fovor, April 13,181 I), JohnS.Gardnor.LafayotteGardner, 

John Hagor, Petei Hagor, William Hngorman, Philip 0. Harlung, 
John Hawk, Josoph V. Honsell, Jacob S. IlilT, Willium W. Inscbo, 
Ajir.ii, KclcliHno,John P. Eonnody (pro. to sec lloutCo F, Thir- 
tieth Regiment, Feb. 4, 1803), Thomas W. Kitchen, William Koose, 

Martin l.nlr, Henry I.elm, S n A I .. 1 1 -. ■ 1 - j .. ■ i ^.- r. Henry W. Long. 

John Londenberry, John S. l,.itt, John II. Mellck, William B Met- 
ller, John Mottler (died, fetrer, Feb. 2, 1803 .Sebastian Myora, William 
Mltclioll, John Mowery, Lewis O'Ncll, Jacob Osraan, William 0. 

lis n, Jacob F. Parker, Ja s Parker, John Parker, Willis IV. u- 

son, William U. Flnmmer, Albort Powelson, Patrick Rodgers, Ed- 
ward Boath (dlsch. disability May 23,1803), George W.S 

I i i s I ley, Joseph II Seal r,.,, William >. Scarfoes, Ohrlstophor 

8 - Hers, Peter Slckels, So I SIckels, Henry W. BIdors, Chrlsto- 

phorF. Stoats, John v Stevenson, Isaac B. Thatcher, John Thatcher, 

Henry Wamiai, (diod, fOTOr, April 25,1803), William K 

William II. Woldon, G go F. Whoehgr, John T. Wheeler, William 

Wbelan, Isaac I.. Wyant, Robert Wyaut, Andrew Young, Gcorgo M. 
Y/oung (died, Ibvor, April 7 i 

CO. E, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT (NINE MONTHS). 

W Hairy D. Holt, copt; . ■■in. Sept. 1", 1802; st out Juno 24, 1803. 

William I.. Bodonl ii, Brat licut.jcom. Sept. 10,1802; mast oal Jane 

24, 1803. 

John Alpnugh, s 1 llont; com. Sept 10, 1862. 

John Bobbins, sec 1 llent; emu. Feb. 3, 1803; must, ont June 2 I, 1803, 

Win D. Jol a, in i org! . ■ ni. Sepl ,3, 1802; musl out June 24,1803. 

Jcsso Teats, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out June 21, 1803, 
Stewart K. Beers, sergt ; enl. Sopt 3, 1802 ; most ont June 21, 1S63. 

Alevan.ler Alte s,scrgt ; enl Sepl 3, 1802; must out Juno 24, 1803, 

Ja-,,1, It. W,-n. sergl ; enl. SeptS, M-.2; must, out June 24,1803. 
lorenxol). Stevenson, corp.; enl Sepl 3, 1802; must out Juno 24, 1803. 
Joseph t'. lieu, corp ; enl. Sept 3, 1802; mnst oul Jane 24, 186 I. 
Billon t.Orogoi ; must out Juno 24, 1803. 

Win, s. Nuughrlght, corp , enl, s„| 1 3, 1802; must ont Juno 24, 1803, 

Martin V. B Slno, Corp.; Sepl 3, 1802; must out Juno 24, 1803. 

B Oonly, corp I oul. SeptS, 1802; must out J 24,1863 

I Btreeter, i irp.; enl. Sopt 3, 1802 ; mnst onl June 24, 1804. 

Syhe-ier i;i. ,ii, corp.; onl Bopl 1,1802; mail oat Jane 24, 1803. 

Ti tas S. Glbblns, mus. ; enl. Sepl 3,1802; must, out Jaao 24, I I 

I'uiri Roper, inn-.; Sepi. :•,, 1802 t. Jane 24, 181 I. 

boi il i, wag.; enl. Sepi 3, 1802; must oul Juno 24, 1803. 

Privates. 
John L, Mllgor, William I". Mpaa [h, Herman AHemus, Thomas Barnw, 

Andrew Bortoli, Stophen n. B , Josoph B. Bird, 'William T. Bird, 

Henry Blackburn, Aaron Bowlby, BylveotorBowlby, Henry Brunor, 

Cornelius Bu an, [sho Butler, John Butler, Thomas Butlor, Levi 

fa-,,, Peter v. Chandler, Enoch Cramor, Lyman B. Cramer, Victor 
Cramer, William i Cramor, G u I ran or, B nrj I i iammlngs, 

Hiram I tt. Ellplialol W. Hulleil. Samuel D, Kliii-ml- (Corp. 

Sept. ::, 1802), (soai 3. Eldrid d, James \. Bxton, Bonnetl Gano, 

George Qraham, William Qrah Eldridga Qr II v v , 

James 0. Qullck, William B Hardy, Samuol Hoppock, John Had. 

.11 Robert Hnddleson, Poloi Haiti tor, William Hultlur, Allen 

King, Edwin ii. Lewis, Ella- Lowls, James U, Lewis, ( ! 
Dladlson (corp, Bopl ; . 1802), Emanuol Uannlng, John Manning, 
Samuel Manning, Roberl UcCash, Qi I HeUok, Edward M 

Herritt, Abraham Uount(corp, Sopt.3,180! . Uexander of nlllgan, 
Alexander Probasco, laron KockofolloTr, Junes n. Rodoi 



John II, gcbomp, Laden 0. Sbeppanl, William W. Smith, Gcorgo 
ii ■ ., Jo* pb i. si .ii. The idore Stoat, John 

sin!... corp Sept :t. 1802), George W. Bull lacoE • 

Watson i. Bwarret corp. Bept 3, 1802), Samuel Wagner, Richard 
w il- Lerl 8. foung. 

DUcharyfil. 

Ball, William il . disability, Nov. 14, 1802. 
Ely, Hem, p., disability, (for. 11 

i, August .li-.ii ility, Feb. i',, 1803. 
Launlng, Aaron II , disability, Doc. 7, 1802; died at Anna;, ,]i-, Md., Jan. 
4, 1803. 

Altomus, Charles, nt Washington, D. c. Not. i 

sia.k, Charles W, at Belle Plain-, Va, Feb. 23, 1803. 
i W ., at Bello Plains, Va., March 23, 1803. 
Vonse, William, at Belle Plains, Va., Hob. 19, 1803. 
Wheat, 1 1 peon II., at Tennallytown, D. C, Oct 1", 1802. 

CO. G, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 

Benjamin F. Howej cnpl : m Sopt 10, 1862; must out Jnoo 24,1863. 

William 0. LarzeUer, lirst Heat ; com. Sept 10, 1882 ; res. Feb. 14, 1803. 

William Bowers, lii-t llent; com. Fob. 20, 1863; must, out June 24, 
1803. 

I in, - I Green, second limit.; com. Sept. 10, 1802; res. Feb. 11, 1803. 

Wesley W.Costner, second Heat; com. Feb. 20,1803; must, out Juno 
24, i-i' I. 

ScrgrnuU. — William C. Bloom (orderly), Aaron W. Davis, Isaac L. I.au- 
teiinan, Elijah S. Sinner, William K. Evens (discb. disability Jan. 
13, 1803), Theodoio H. Audrcss (died of fever Juno 3, 1863). 

Corpora/*.— John Snover, Amos Merrill, Daniel P. Matlock, John B. 
Corwin, M.utin L. Chamhors, Marshall II. Smith, Isaac Hani-, 
George W. Dell. 

Kmbhi D. Mann, Robert L. Gihbs, Conrad Miller (diod of 
cholera morbus Oct. ft, 1802). 

Wagoner. — Ellsha II. Christian. 

iYini/es. — Emollus Able, Jacob J. Angle, Alfred Aten, James L. Borry, 
Snmucl Brlttenhcfmor, William S. Burge, Samuel Babcock (dlach. 
disability Nov. 14, 1802), Peter Car) (dlsch. dlsabllltj Sepl 
Ji an W. Cnso, Jonas Case, Jnhcz G. Cowell, Lewis Creamer, Jacob 
Cmsor, William Cyphers, Simon Potor Dembergor (enl. Nov. 3, 1802), 
Teler Ileum-, Austin Bmi is, David M. Fnimotis, \\ ill lain II. Em- 
mons, John Flick, Edward Freer, David X. Gardner, Abraham C.il- 
bert, Ephralm GHbort, Jacob Gundrymnn, George Harris, O-ilen 
Hani-, George Hayes, Alfred Henry, Charles E. Hartur. 
disability Jan. 13, 1803), Clmrli« A.Hall (died, fever. Mar i. 
Theodore Harris (died, consumption, Deo. 16, 1802), David M. 
Kitchen, JoSM Kitchen, Marshall J. Koyt, DaTld It Kunkle, Abra- 
ham r. Lance, Andrew D. Litis, Samuel LItts, William Ln 

i i . , r klcCormick, John A. MoGormlck, Qeorge 
W, UcKnlgllt, Jol,,, W. Milll.urn, Thomas It. Matlock (dU I., disa- 
bility Nov. 14, 1802), George D. Nixon (dlsch. disability Nov. il, 
1802), B . oiled, heart disease, May 2. 1803), William 

Owen Phillips, Aaron Pool, Charles w. Foyer, Daniel v. 
Poyor, Henry R. Poyor, Abraham s. Prlco, George Ojulek, Abr. A. 
Bice, Nathan H. Bice, Cornelias 8. Bobbins, Daniel Shannoi 
It. Shotwell, Daniel Smith, Join, Smith. Oscar smith. -Manuel r. 
Snover, Nathaniel r. Snover. William K. Bnydor, Austin Stiles, 
Uriah Stiles (discb. disability Nov. 14, 1862), Phllo Btnrj 
Stout, ' i.. Henry Sutton (disch. dlsabllltj I 

i . IndrowWIIdrick, Jacob Wloeniakor, William 
Alirahaiu Winlermuto, George M. Wiuteiiiiuto, John B. Wolf. 

CO. II, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 
David IL Trimmei ; most, oat Jane 2*, 1883 

John N. GIveas, tii-t Boat ;c im. Bept IS, ts,.j; mast ont Jm 

Henry llaiii-e, -••,■ 1 llent; com. Sept. IS, Im',2; must out June 24, 1883. 

Scrn«n\ti. — Charles Freeman (orderly , Alphens afeCracken, Talmago 
l.. Boll, Sylvester Koyt, John 0. Sehomp. 

Corporals. — Philip W. K ions, Levi II. Newman. Mar-hull 

r. Sunn, Tobias 8. Van Horn, Frederick L. Crammer, Wil- 
liam It. Slum. Willi, in It, II. Slirre. 

'■ ' \ i ! - i.lVell-. 

• irnellos Qullck. 

i ! nil P. Anderson, Doniol II Ander- 

I, Vielr.-vv 

Beam, Qeorge Best, Henry D. Bl - BUby, Henry J. 



118 



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



Bird, Thomas S. Bird, Samuel Carhart, "William R. Carpenter, George 
B. Cole, William D. Coleman, John Connor, Aaron Crammer, Jr., 
Lawrence Culver, Andrew J. Dennis, Lawrence IT. Dilley, Azel 
Edgarton, William Efner, Benjamin Felver, Mahlon Force, Charles 
France, George W. Frazier, Moses Gray, John 0. Griggs, John W. 
Gruver, John M. Gulick, Alexander Hardin, David Hardin, David 
Hart, Samuel B. Hartpence, Edward B. Heid, And. H. Hibler, David 
Hill, Edmond Hogan, John Hogan, William Hulmes, Alfred Hum- 
ler, Chai-les H. Hayward (disch. disability Feb. 2, 186:)), Thomas 
Karr, Daniel F. Kennedy, Isaac Lee, Henry Losey, Ezra Marlatt, 
William H. Marlatt, William H. Marlatt, Jr., Andrew J. Mattison, 
William McClain, Amos McLean, John H. Mott, George Mowry, 
William Mowry (died, fever, March 12,1863), Charles Parson, Daniel 
S.Ricc, Joseph C. Ittipell, William L. Shipps, Jacob A. Smith, Wil- 
liam Sowers, James M.. Staples, John D. Staples, William Staples, 
William C. Staples, John C. Steifle, William E. Stewart, Adolphus 
Stillwell, Alexander Stine, Martin E. Thomas, William P. Turner, 
Michael Verden, Philip G. Yroom, Robert Wallace. Aaron Wash- 
burn, Andrew M. White, Jacob Wiley, Isaac L. Willett, Eoderick B. 
Willet (died near Fitz Hugh House, Va., June 3, 1863), Stewart 
Wire, Henry M. Zellers, Martin B. Zellors. 



CO. I, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 

Calvin T. James, capt. ; com. Sept. 10, 1862 ; res. Feb. 0, 1863. 
Richard T. Drake, capt. ; com. Fob. 16, 1S63 ; must, out June 24, 1863. 
James Prall, first lieut. ; com. Feb. 16, 1863 ; must, out June 24, 1863. 
James Lukens, second lieut.; com. Feb. 16, 1863 ; must, out Juno 24, 1863. 
Sergeants. — George Fox (orderly), Israel Swaze, Matthew L. Van Scoten, 

Simon Braider, George S. Osmun, Derrick Albertson, first sergt (died, 

typhoid fever, April 14, 1863). 



Corporals. — John Fallon, William Salmon, David C. Gardner, Charles 
Johnson, Hiram W. Allegar, James L. Pier6on, George A. Bemler, 
Phineas K. Hazen. 

Musicians.— Joseph N. Bogart, William Ripple. 

Wagoner— James Pittenger (from Oct. 31, 1862). 

Privates.— Elin W. Allegar, Edwin Ayres, John S. Bnnghart, Samuel 
Bachman, John II. Bescherer, Robert M. Bishop, William Boofman, 
Elijah C. Burd, Daniel Butz, Christopher Cole, William Cramer, John 
V. Crutz, John M. Dalrymple, John Deisel, John Deremor, David 
II. Drake,* John U. Eilenberg, John Fagan, Charles Flatt, John 
Falkner, Peter A. Fry, James G. Galloway, George Ganoe, Reuben 
Glass (disch. disability Nov. 26, 1862), James Goodison, George Gray, 
Mttthias P. Hart, William H. Hetfield, Morgan Hinelino (disch. 
disability Nov. 18, 1862), Philip Hopkins, Michael Houseman, Aaron 
V. Hulsizer, Seneca B. Kitchen, Stephen Lanning, Baltzer T. Lay- 
pock, Jesse V. Lomason, Marshall T. Lomason (disch. disability May 
23, 1863), Charles Lanning (died of typhoid fever March 9, 1863), 
Thomas Lomason, David Lomason, James G. Mace, Theodoro Mcd- 
dock, Elijah Melroy, John Molroy, Aaron Mershon, Miller Mershon, 
Robert Miller (died, fever, March 17, 1S63), George W. S. Norton, 
Burris Osburn, William Pelts, John Person, Rouben Phillips, Jr., 
Timothy Rake, Thomas L. Randall, John Basely, William S. Robe- 
son, Irvine 'Eodenbough, John Eowe, Goorge W. Rush, Isaac D. 
Rush (died March 2Y, 1863), Frank Sawyer, Thomas Shafer, James 
Slack, John Smith, John Sowdors, Roderick B. Stephens, William E. 
Stiles, Augustus Struble, Dennis Titus, Joseph C. Tunis, John G. 
Twining (died, diphtheria, Nov. 18, 1862), Wesley R. Van Gilder, 
Lafinis Wambold, William II. II. War-man, Benjamin Warner, John 
T. Widener (wagoner Sept. 3, 1SG2 ; private Oct. 31, 1862), Aldcn 
Wilkinson, Thomas M. Williams, John M. Young. 

* Died at home, Juno 25, 1S63. 



HISTORY OF SUSSEX COUNTY. 



CHAPTER I. 

ORGANIZATION OF SUSSEX COUNTY. 
I.— ORIGINAL BOUNDARIES. 

Sussex was the thirteenth county of the stud' in 
Che order of its erection. It was taken from the upper 
part of Morris County liy an act of the < icneral As- 
Bemblj passed June 8, 1758. The boundaries were 

Bet forth as follows : 

"Thiit nil uri'l lingular II." land and upper parte of Morris County 
Dorthwnrd of Kueconel ong River, beginning nttho north of s:ii.l river 
I mpUes Into the Delaware fttvor,and running up said ttuoco- 
nctcong River to (lie head of the Qreal Bend; from theneo northeast to 
the lino thai divide* the province of New Jersey; thonco nlong the dd 
lino to the Delaware] . thence down the. sum- 1 ■ ttie in<>ntb 

Of theHuSCOnetCODgitho placo Of beginning; rilnl tbes;ii<t Mil Hi: trimg 

ho I '..nnly of Hunterdon bounds it, shnll bo tbo bound- 
ary in. I anty and the county of Sussex."* 

At (lie original formation of the county of Sussex, 
Warren County was included in it. The latin- was 

set oil" hy an act of the Legislature passeil Nov. 24, 

1824, reducing Busses to ii- present limits. It was 
named by Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Governor of New 

Jersey, in honor of the Duke of Newcastle, whose 

family Beat was in the count; of Sussex, England. 
II.— civil. DIVISIONS. 
The territory comprised in Sussex County, a- orig- 
inally formed, was included, in nearly equal propor- 
tions, in East and West Jersey. By the act of 1709, 

which defined the I ndaries of the si vi ral counties 

of the province, the soil of Sussex was comprehended 
within the limits of Burlington. When Hunterdon 
iva el 'ded into a county, in 17 Hi, this territory formed 
a part of the same ; aiel in L788, whin Morris < 'uiinly 

was sel off, it was included in the latter until erected 
into a separate county called Sussex. While included 

in Morri • t lountj . between L738 and 1758, - 

like municipal organization was extended over the 
Bcattered population of this northwestern porti f 

the Slat.'. Townships were formed, with metes an. 1 

bounds very imperfectly defined, yet answering in 
some -ort the wants of the people. These townships 
were Walpack, New Town, Hardwick, and Green- 
wich, the original tow oships of « bal arc now Sussex 
and Warren Counties. One of them Hardwick - 
was erected bj royal patent. Walpack and New Town, 
at the period of which we speak, comprised all the 

pp. SI, '--'. 



territory constituting the present county of Sussex, 

excepl -o much as is comprehended in Stillwater and 

( liven, which two latter precincts, with all the p] 
COUUty of Warren, were covered by Hardwick ami 

Greenwich. The settlements at this time were prin- 
cipally in Walpack ami Greenwich ami at certain 
points on the Wallkill, Papakating, Paulinskill, and 

Pequest. In 1738 the population of the whole prov- 
ince of New Jersey was only forty-seven thousand 
three hundred and sixty-nine, of which Sussex prob- 
acy did not contribute more than five or six hundred. 

N. n divisiuiis were made when the county R 
off from Morris, in 1753. During the fifteen years 
preceding rapid settlements had been made, and a 
spirit of enterprise and progress was manifest, not 
only in subduing the forest, building mills, and open- 
ing roads, but in the conveniences inaugurated for 
1 ical municipal regulation. The people, no i 
content with the out-of-the-way privileges which they 

had enjoyed under Morris County, went to WO 

set in order that portion of the territory which had 

been assigned to their jurisdiction. In 1758 the anx- 
iety to have the bounds of the old township- defined 
and new ones Bet oil' was so great that the curt had 
loritatively direct "That the townships of Wal- 
pack, Greenwich, Hardwick, and New Town -hall re- 
main and continue in the county of Sussex a- they 
formerly were in the county of Morris until further 
ordqrs." In tic term of May, 1754, Benjamin Smyth, 
William Scbooley, John Depue. Johannes < Sornelius 
Westbrook, Joseph Hull, Richard < rardiner, and Rich- 
ard I. i nly. Jr., who had hcen appointed a commit lee 
to divide the county into precincts, made a report, 
which v, , iiid which added three pi 

to the original townships, — viz., Wantage, formed from 
parts ut' Newton, ami Oxford and Mansfield-Wood- 
house, from parts of Greenwich, Hardwick and Wal- 
i i retaining their original limits. The townships 

thus defined remained unaltered lor a few year-, when 

the iiierea i population led to further divisions. 

In 1759, Montague was erected from Walpack by royal 

patent. In 1762 another portion was taken lr.nu 
Walpack and called Sandyston. and in the same year 

Hardy-ten was formed from the northern pari of New - 
ton. Knowlton wasset off from Oxford in L764, In- 
dependence from Hardwick in 1782, Vernon from 
Hardyston in L792, Prankford from Newton in I7'.'7. 

and I'.yram, also from Newton, in l7os. These divi- 

1 lo 



150 



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY. 



sions multiplied the four original townships to fifteen, 
and there was no further alteration of the original 
landmarks until the county of Warren was set off 
from Sussex, in 1824. Stillwater and Green town- 
ships were formed from Hardwick in 1824. 

The present civil divisions of the county are fifteen, 
as follows : Andover, Byram, Frankford, Green, 
Hampton, Hardyston, Lafayette, Montague, Sandy- 
ston, Sparta, Stillwater, Vernon, Walpack, Wantage, 
borough of Newton. 

III.— COUNTY COURTS OF SUSSEX. 
Courts were established in this county by a royal 
ordinance, of which the following is a verbatim copy : 

" George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and 
Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, Ac. To all whom these present? 
may in anywise concern, Seutleth Greeting: Whereas by a late Act of our 
Governor, Council and Geneial Assembly of our Province of New Jersey 
Made in the Twenty-sixth year of our Reign, the upper parts of our 
County of Morris were separated from said County of Morris and erected 
into a distinct County and called the County of Sussex ; and whereas the 
several times for the holding of Court of General Sessions of the Peace 
and Inferior Court of Common Pleas for our said County of Sussex are 
not yet fixed, Wherefore, for Ascertaining the same, Nuw know ye that of 
our special Grace and mere motion, wo have Constituted, Ordained and 
Appointed, and by these presents, Do Constitute, Ordain and Appoint, that 
our Courts of General Sessions of the Peace and Inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, for our said County of Sussex, be held on the clays and times 
following, to wit: One of the times for holding said Courts to begin on 
the third Tuesday in November, another on the third Tuesday in Febru- 
ary, another on the fourth Tuesday in May, and the other on the fourth 
Tuesday in August, in every year; Each of which Courts shall continue 
and be held for any time not exceeding four days in eacli Term. Wo also 
Will, Ordain and Appoint, that our several Courts for our said County of 
Sussex, shall he held and kept at the Dwelling-House of Jonathan Fcttit, 
Esq., at the place now called Hardwick in said County of Sussex, until there 
shall be a new Court House built and erected in and for said County, pur- 
suant to the Act of our Governor, Council and Gencrnl Assembly made 
in the Twenty-sixth year of our Reign, and no longer; and when said 
Court House for our said County of Sussex shall be built and erected, then 
"We "Will, Ordain and Appoint that our said several Courts of General 
Sessions of the Peace and Inferior Courtof Common Pleas shall hereafter 
be held at the times hereinbefore appointed at said Court House to be 
built as aforesaid in and for the County of Sussex. We also Will, Give 
and Grant that the Justices of the Peace of our said County of Sussex, 
and the Judges of our said Inferior Court of Common Pleas for our said 
County of Sussex do exercise, use and have all such Powers and Juris- 
dictions in the said several Courts at the times herein Appointed as by 
Law they may and ought to exercise, use and held. In testimony 
whereof we have caused the Great Seal of our said Province of New Jer- 
sey to be hereunto affixed. Witness our trusty and well Beloved Jona- 
than Belcher, Esq., our Captain-General and Commander-in-Chief of our 
raid Province of New Jersey and Territories thereunto depending in 
America, Vice-Admiral and Chancellor in tho same, Ac, at our Borough 
of Elizabeth, the thirteenth day of October, in tho Twenty-seventh year 
of our Reign. 

" 1703. 

" Rf..*d." 

"Let the Great Seal of tho Province of New Jersey be affixed to the 
within Communication. 

■■ To the Secretary of State of New Jersey. 

" J. Belcher." 

This ordinance, and those of its class generally, 
although issued in the name of the king, really 
emanated from the Governor and council. The king 
or queen, according to the English constitution, is 
supposed to be the fountain of justice and general 
conservator of tho peace. In the provinces this pre- 
rogative was liberally delegated to the Governor and 
Council, by virtue of which they granted patents es- 



tablishing and altering the boundaries of townships, 
constituting municipal and other corporations, estab- 
lishing and regulating ferries, constituting courts of 
justice, defining their powers, appointing the times 
and places at which they should be held, and regu- 
lating the fees of judges and officers. The judicial 
system, as partially established under Lord Cornbury, 
— the first of the royal Governors of New Jersey, — 
gave to justices of the peace cognizance of all cases 
to the amount of forty shillings. In each county 
there were established Courts of General Sessions of 
the Peace, each with quarterly terms, and Inferior 
Courts of Common Pleas, having power to try all 
actions at common law ; and these courts convened 
and held their sessions at the same time and place. 
The Court of General Sessions of the Peace was com- 
posed of all the justices of the peace in the county, 
while the Common Pleas was presided over by judges 
appointed from among that number. In 1724 the 
Common Pleas Court was so restricted as to except 
causes wherein the right or title to lands, tenements, 
or hereditaments were in any way concerned; other- 
wise, it remains the same as originally established. 

The first Courts of General Sessions of the Peace 
and of Common Pleas for Sussex County were held 
on Nov. 20, 1753, at the house of Jonathan Pettit, in 
the township of Hardwick. The royal ordinance so 
ordaining and appointing was read, as also the com- 
missions of Jonathan Robeson, Abraham Van Cam- 
pen, John Anderson, Jonathan Pettit, and Thomas 
Woolverton, Esqs., judges of the Common Pleas. 
These men were likewise empowered to act as justices 
of the peace, in connection with Richard Gardner, 
Obadiah Ayres, Japhet Byram, and Peter Decker. 
Jeremiah Condy Russell was appointed clerk, and 
Joseph Brackenridge was qualified to act as high 
sheriff of the county. Joseph Perry, of Newton, was 
sworn as constable, and the organization of the courts 
was completed, with the exception of grand and petit 
jurors, who necessarily had not been summoned for 
lack of officers duly empowered to discharge that 
duty. Nothing was done at this term except to grant 
tavern licenses and affix the rates of entertainment. 
Licenses were granted to Thomas Woolverton, Joseph 
Carpenter, Jonathan Pettit, Joseph Bell, Abraham 
Carman, Henry Hairlocker, and Casper Shafer. In 
the records of the court for this year we find the fol- 
lowing: 

"Tho Court affixed tho several rates and prices of all liquors, moats, 
and entertainment for man and beast, and the several sums to he taken for 
tho same : 

For each person, dinner, hot,of three dishes. ..ono Bhilling. 

For dinner, cold nine pence. 

Win,- ,„ , t >in t eighteen pence. 

Mcllicgliu per clitt sevon pence. 

Stroue: Beer per quart five pence. 

Ship ditto three pence. 

Jlnm per gill four pence. 

Punch per quart, of loaf sugar ono shilling. 

Dilto, id' brown sugar ten pence. 

Flip per quart ten pence. 

Lodging each porson per night three pence. 

Horses, oats per quart pcnny-lialf-penny. 

Stabling burses one shilling. 

Pasturing ditto six pence." 



ORGANIZATION OF SUSSEX COUNTY. 



151 



"The business of tavernkecping at this time, anil 
for at least fifty years afterwards, was a stepping-stone 
to public distinction, as well as a source of pecuniary 
profit. Nearly all the early judges, justices, si 
chosen freeholders, etc., were innkeepers. The num- 

lier of hostelric- I'oiitiimally augmented in 

quence of the repute and influence they gained for 
tln-ir proprietors; but what was little to the credit of 
the fraternity was the fact that some of them, in order 
to increase their profits, would use diminutive mi as- 

lire- in selling their liquors, oats, etc. The court felt 

itself scandalized by this le of doing business, 

and, by way of suppressing it, took the precaution for 

several years to add t< > the annual rate hills which it 

made out an official notification in these words: 
' Liquors and Oats, when called for, to be delivered in 
full mrtisiiri-x.' (ireat inducements lor wholesale lodg- 
ing were also held out in those days, the charges being 

for ' man in a bed, five pence; for two in abed, 

three pence each ; and for three in a bed, two pence 

Hence, when two men chose to bundle to- 
gether instead of sleeping singly, they saved two 
peine each by the operation,— just enough to buy a 
gill of New England rum for their respective stimu- 
lation, provided they had a partiality for thai most 
pungent and odoriferous of all alcoholic liquids. 

"During the brief time the courts were held in 
Hardwick the business mainly related to the collec- 
tion of debts; some cases of assault and a few offenses 
against chastity were reached and punished by indict- 
ment, but no crime of special magnitude required to 
b: pili • i-.dl'. investigated, the grand jurors appeared 
to be vigilant, — probably a little too much so; indeed, 
some of their presentments would be regarded at the 
present d i\ 'is trifling and frivolous In searching 
• ■Hi small offenses upon one occasion they pounced 
upon a luckless wighl named Richard Duddy, and 
formally presented him ' for damning Hi Grace the 
l)u ke of Cumberland.' This certainly was manifest- 
ing an excess of loyally, 'l'he Duke of Cumberland 
never set his foot upon American Boil; lie was merely 
a leading general in i lie British army who was de- 
feated at Fontenoy by the French, but who had 
anced his misfortune bj defeating the force- of the 
Preto rider in Scotland on the field oft lulloden, where 
he infamously signalized him -elf by inflicting the 

IVage cruellies upon the 1 r Scot- whom he 

had vanquished. Duddy wasdoubtless a Scotchman, 
and the ebullition was entirely natural. The duke 
will certainlj have escaped well if, after 'life's fitful 
fever, 1 he experienced no other da ing, in righteous 

expiation of his crimes at Culloden, than that de- 
nounced against him by the irascible Richard 
Do Idy." 

The clerks of the courts were appointed by the 
Governor, and commissioned to hold during pleasun . 
There were, besides, one or more clerks of the circuit, 

who attended the sittings in t| u . counties and kept 

their own minutes. A book containing such minutes 



of the Oyer and Terminer and Circuit Courts held in 
most of the counties from 1749 to 1762 is preserved 
in the clerk's office of the county of Middlesex. The 
ity.r and Terminer, as well as the Circuit, was re- 
garded as a branch of the Supreme Court, and the 
dings therein were subject to it- control. The 
clerks exercised the power of appointing deputies. 

The Supreme Court was organized in 1704, and met 
once a year at Perth Amboy and Burlington. In 
1711 it was required to meet twice a year in each 
place, and courts for the trial of issues were appointed 
to be held yearly in each county. Circuit.- were es- 
tablished in 1751, and subsequently the time for hold- 
ing them was fixed by the Supreme Court. They 
were held in Sussex County in May and November 
of each year, the I Iyer and Terminer being held at 
the -a ne time. 

IV.— SUSSEX COURT-HOUSE AND JAIL. 
The courts of the county were fir-t held at the resi- 
dence of Jonathan Pettit, Esq., in Hardwick town- 
ship, in accordance with the ordinance of 1753. The 
locality is now known as Johnsonsburg, and lies 
within tin- present limits of Warren County. No 
court-house was ever erected there, although an effort 
was made to secure to that place the permanent seat 

of |UStlCC. <»n March 21, 1" 4 tin hoard f justices 
and freeholder- met at the house of Samuel Green, 
in the neighborhood, and appointed a meting of all 

the qualified voters of Sussex to be held at the house 
of the said Samuel Green on the 16th, 17th, and 18th 

of April, 17">f, "to elect a place to build a jail and 
COUrt-hoUSe." The meeting was duly held, hut was 
very thinly attended nil account of the difficulty of 
there from the remote parts of the county. 
The jail was ordered to be built near Pettit's tavern, 
on lands of Samuel Green, at the expense of the 
county. Mr. Green gave an obligation, f in the pen- 

• Tho fallowing i- a copj >r ih' proceedings of tho meeting, tnkon from 
the records of the i-'iir-l >>f justice! nod freeholden: 

"Ai u etlng ..f JusUces and Freeholders hold for the County of 

Sn--t-v ut the Dwelling house of Samuel Qreon the 21 Day •■(" nnir.li 
Ann.. Doml I7M, Summonod bj Virtue of ■ T.nte Act of tin- <■ 

ml a -■■nihil. Entitled mi Ait for the ErecUng the upper 

thi County ol alorris In New Jeraoy Into a Separate County, S . 

En porsuanco Where of Thi IJ id Freeholders han 

Unit A.lveiiiiti ments |„. Immediately pnl up in the most public nlnco In 

llfled by law to elect a place 

to build ii Goal and Court House,— That the Election be held the si\- 

locntu, Sovontecnth and Elghti enth days of April V \i 

"Thai the Poll shall be C intlnued rrom Day al the said Green'* and 

i place ; that tho said Justices and Freeholders 

•hall Duly Attend the ealu Election i« the Law in the Cass further 

n iti ii, 
".'.-■.in Wii.iit-, ,t..\\oi\N I'rrriT, 

"KlillAKP 1.IM.\, J (Ml., Til - \\ 

' i:..in in w ii i - .\. Sam'l Wn Leoy, 

" Pi l:iK W ')-; . Sam." 

" I .liM I It s W I M BROOK, 

t BOND oK SAMI I I. I 
" Kiim All men ' j thi as presents thai 1 > ■ - ths Town- 

ship of Hardwick Do hereby Obligate mysell my Heirs Exact*" and 



152 



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY. 



alty of five hundred pounds, "to secure to the county 
of Sussex the liberty and use of the ground where 
the jail is built by Jonathan Pettit, while the court is 
continued there." Jonathan Pettit and Richard 
Lundy were appointed to superintend its erection.* 

The jail was built of logs, and soon completed. 
This gave to early Johnsonsburg the sobriquet of " the 
Log Jail," by which it was familiarly known. f The 
board of justices and freeholders met in Pahaquarry 
and examined the bills for materials and labor. They 
were ascertained to amount to thirty-seven pounds two 
shillings ten pence.J The jail was not considered 
safe, and "the board appointed Samuel Wilson and 

Administrators in the penal sum of Five Hundred Pounds reclamation 
Money, conditioned to secure to the County of Sussex an uninterrupted 
Liberty and Privilege for the Use of the ground where the Goal is built 
by Jonathan Pittits while the Court is Continued there, and when Re- 
moved from thence the Liberty of taking away the Iron in the said Goal 
wheneverthe Justices and Freeholders for the time being shall think fit 
So to Do as Witness my band and Seal this Eighteenth Day of April 
1754. 

" Sam 'l Green. [seal] 
" Seal d and Delivered in the presence of 
" James Anderson, 
" Maur : Robeson, 
" John Wright. 
" A True Copy of The Original." 

*"At a meeting of the Justices and Freeholders held at Samuel 
Green's in Hardwick Township the Eighteenth Day of April 1754, Or. 
dered by Unanimous Agreement that the whole Cost of Building the 
Goal by Jonathan Pettit shall be paid at the Expense of the County of 
Sussex ; That Jonathan Pettit is Appointed to finish the Iron work and 
Richard Lundy, Junr. to agree with the workmen to finish the Back and 
Chimney and to be Done before the Next Court. 

" Derik Westbrook, Abram Van Campen, 

" Cornelius Westbrook, John Anderson, 

"Joseph Hull, Jonathan Pettit, 

" Joseph Wiltits, Sam'l Willson, 

"Richard Lundy, Maur : Robinson, 

" Robert Willson, Esqrs" 

"William IIeneree, 
"James Anderson, 

" FreeJtoltlers. 
f New Jersey Historical Collections. 
% " Sussex ) 
County. J 
"At a meeting of the Justices and Freeholders chosen for said County 
held at Pahaquary the Eighteenth Day of June, 1704, in order to Adjust 
the accompts of Building the Gaol by Jonathan Tettit and to Raise 
Money for Defraying the Cost thereof, which now amounts to the Sum 
of £37 2s. 10<(. as per Acc ta of Sundrys, Approved and Allowed, Appears, 
and for paying the Tax for killing Wolves and Panthers, Unanimously 
agreed that the sum of One Hundred Pounds Proc: shall be Raised for 
said I ae to be paid to the County Collector on or beforo the first Day of 
October Next Ensuing. Also Ordered the said Assessment to be made 
Agreeable to the Tenor and Direction of a late Act entitled An Act for 
the Support of Government of this Province. And whereas, the said Gaol 
is not finished as it ought to bo, Ordered that Sam' Wilson Esq' and 
Richard Lundy, Jun r , agreo with workmen to finish it as they shall 
Judge needful, and charge the County Dr. for it and draw an Order on 
the Collector to pay said Cost, and also that the Iron remaining unused 
be sold by said Wilson and Lundy for cash and applyd towards paying 
the CoHt of making two pair of Hand-Culls and Shackles and other Ne- 
cessary Uses. 

"Joseph Willits, Abram Van Campen, 

"Joseph Hull-, Japheth Byram, 

"Henry Kikendol, Sam 1 Willson, 

"Joiianas Westbrook, Abram Van Auken, 

"Cornelius Westbrook, J&grfl." 

" Richard Lundy, Jun', 
" Robert Willson, 
" Freeholders. 



Richard Lundy, Jr., to finish it as they should judge 
needful." This they did, and the additional work 
swelled the cost to forty-one pounds three shillings 
one penny, about thirty pounds of which was for 
iron and blacksmithing, leaving for work, boards, 
etc., about eleven pounds. 

This building was used nine years as a jail, and a 
watchman was paid five shillings a day (of twenty- 
four hours) for watching it. Yet the prisoners es- 
caped, and the sheriff would plead "clearance of 
damages" on account of the unsafe condition of the 
prison. The county, however, became responsible for 
the amount of about six hundred pounds on account 
of the " flight of imprisoned debtors," about fourteen 
times the sum originally expended in erecting the jail. 

Courts were subsequently held at Wolverton's tav- 
ern, in the same neighborhood, but the place and the 
accommodations were designed to subserve only a 
temporary purpose. Accordingly, at the earliest con- 
venient period, Abraham Van Campen, Esq., was 
dispatched to Perth Aniboy with a petition of the 
people to the General Assembly, praying for authority 
to erect a court-house and jail, and on Dec. 12, 1761, 
that body passed an act granting the desired privilege 
and ordering that the building be erected "on the 
plantation in possession of Henry Hairlocker, within 
half a mile of said Hairlocker's dwelling-house; the 
particular spot to be fixed, with the consent of the 
owner of the land, by a majority of the Justices and 
Freeholders of said County." The owner of the 
land occupied by Hairlocker was Jonathan Hamp- 
ton, Esq., a citizen of Essex County, and he, in con- 
junction with the board, took the matter immediately 
in hand and decided that the course from Hair- 
locker's dwelling should run south, " which brought 
the site of the court-house in the meadow below. 
However, by stretching the chain they managed to 
crowd the site partly up the hill, and there it re- 
mains till this day. Although the fault is invaria- 
bly attributed to a blunder of the Legislature, it is 
not true. The Legislature did not require the board 
and the owner of the land to take any particular 
course in running out the half-mile from Hairlocker's 
dwelling, and consequently, if the local authorities so 
managed as to land it in a ditch, they alone are to 
blame." 

For the purpose of building the court-house a tax 
of five hundred pounds was at first levied upon the 
county in 1762, to which other assessments were 
added during the two following years. " The total 
cost of the building and furniture was two thousand 
one hundred pounds proclamation money, — equal to 
five thousand six hundred dollars." The managers 
under whose direction the building was erected were 
Abraham Van Campen, Jacob Starn, and John 
Hackett.? In 1763 the cells, or that portion which 

? The following is the authority under which this committee acted: 
" We, tho Justices and Freeholders, convened this day at tho house of 
Henry Hairlocker, have elected and chosen Colonel Abruham Van Cam- 



CONTINUATION OF THE CIVIL HISTORY OF SUSSEX. 



i.v: 



was devoted to the purposes of a jail, were bo far 
completed as to admit of the confinement of prisoners 
therein. 

During the May term of 1765 courts were opened 
|d the building, and the managers delivered ii to the 
board of justices and freeholders as a finished 
•' Devoted originallj to the conservation of royal au- 
thority, ii became in a few years the agenl and ex- 
ponent of republican equality and justice. For a 
period of seventy-nine years this solidly-constructed 
temple of justice, unaltered in its external appearance, 
firmlj resisted the ' corroding tooth of Time,' and re- 
tained its identity amidsl surr lunding change and in- 
novation. In 1844 the old edifice was enlarged. 
lis steep angular roof disappeared ; its gra; 
which had withstood the Masts of eighty winters, re- 
ceived i ,vei theii nakedness, and massive 
pillars, surmounted by a corresponding entablature, 
adorned its front, entirely obscuring the familiar out- 
lines of the old building. Thus enlarged and reno- 
vated, ii stood until Thursday, Jan. 28, L847, when ii 
hras destroyed by fire. Immediate measures were 
hiken for its reconstruction, and the present commo- 
tions court-house arose upon its ruin-." 



' II \ PTEE I I. 

CONTINUATION OP THE CIVIL HISTORY OF 
SUSSEX. 

I. — I>Ki:i> OF CONVEYANCE BY JONATHAN HAMP- 
TON, 
land upon which the courthouse stands, with 
the public green annexed, was conveyed to the board 
"!' chosen freeholders of the county of Sussex on 
Nu 81, 1764, by Jonathan I lampion, i;.,,.. f Essex 
County. Ii was through the exertions ol Mr. Hamp- 
ton thai the Legislature was induced to Belecl New- 
1,111 <w the county-seal in place of Stillwater, more 
0>ntrall) located in the count) and then pressing its 
Maims as the most formidable competitor. Mr. 
Bampton also conveyed land for an academy at 

■ N '" t0 "i and the su now forms a part of the cem- 

flterj near the Episcopal church. We give below a 

ferbatim copy of the deed for th urt-house lol 

and public square in Newton, taken from ther rds: 

in, .1 Jul, I, lliicketl 

Iliwnnl "i Hi- Iiuumi ul ll-,,ii 

'" I " 1 ''"■ "' '" "' ! i > i ■■• ■ I, ■■■ 

i- Hill I in, ul Hay, 17U2. 

.1-1 HI WWT»KOOK, 

' ' '"• ll! KORI, K.1 H..M.W. 

"«OBI , i Ul JlTJBTBlIt, ABRAHAM .- i 

"NA1 ll'l Ti I ill. -ins, h , 

JOUM KlOHKY, 

Elijah Calcard, 

Khi'm i 

Av w WlU IK, 



THE DEED 
"TO ALL CliniSTIAN PEOPLE to wli .., ..„ „ .,.„„„, 

i I, null, :n, rjampl 

,,,. 

billy for ami i„ coushlerutl i I 

nvo " 8" lawful ill v.,i'»ih,1 l>rovluce to m« ind | 

i 

iim.I provided h, New Jersey, the r pi v , Jonathan 

ll; ""i'' ,l ""' ackimwliilge And am hilly satisfied, cuutentcd, 

Mi, Hi given, granted, Dunn sil, Sold, Aliened, Convoy, 

lll.il i..v n,-s- ■•,,.... nta do fully, rroelj 

i\v,and '..hi in tothoabuve freeholders 
1 i 

being in Ilia Township ,,f Nowtou, in the ('..may ol s 

"'- g i" •■ - 

forty-eight degree! East from Eplimim Darby's beginning Cun 

linlim and Elghtj Units I i 

Wesl Seven Chains mill u hall to auothcr SI l ' 

i t, twoChnlni and Seventy-three Liuks toaStake four llnka 
North m,,m, the North-Wesl I .., ..„,, ,■.,„„,,. ,,,■ 

Sussex 1 ! then North Klghty-Six links; then I ,-i elglity-thi 

"'•■" s i Niuety links to the Nurth-Euatcornor of said Com 

then East Sixty and Six links; then South forty-tu . 
i irty-flve links to the begiuuiutj ' ; 

.tenths he tho same i - Itli all the Appur- 

'''"■'""" '■' ' •'""■ belonging or any wise apiiertaiuii 

have and to hold, nil and singular, the nlvve-g anted premises .,i„l every 
part thereof unto them the said Freeholds 

hall be contluui I I 
use, bencflt, mid behoof ,,i iho said Freehold 

1 : iiiipton do foi myself, m, , 

lol'ders aud their 
Inrthoi Covenant to Warm ,,i j-,,.,.. 

,u ii,- Q i .,,,1 i 

""" "' '"■ above-granted ■ ideverypo roi the lis ■ 

i "" ' I I Hid lawful claim or nil and every i 

persons whnlsoevoi lawfiillj ..,, orHnv ,„„., ,„,.,,..,,. r „ 

il IJonathaii lliuiipton, hav, I nl 

hand aud 

Vearof the Rvignofour Sov, 
Dritaiu, Franco, i„„l Ireland, 4c., and in II, 
ind sovon hundred and sixty-four. 



II 



ii, , 



"JoSA. R.lJIPl i.N 

Uiepn 

"Em i 

' ISA v W is.is-. 

"Tin- i 

"N. II. tho above deed ackuowls Van Oamiien one 

.if the Juilges.'' 

[I—NOTES PROM THE FREEHOLDERS" RECORDS. 
The expenditures of the county for 1754 were 
ninety-six pounds sixteen shillings. This was chiefly 
for building the "log jail" and to pay the bou 

Wolves' -,-aljis. 
" *' : ' meeting ol the Jo tl , |U| ,, , v , ., 

Ping audltod It ap| 
of tboOoiiiiti " 

Tl "" irwasTh .mas Woolverl in, Esq., 

and the treasurer was Samuel Smith. 

ie County and n - 
for making aud pn 

Thomas Wbolverton, Esq., served as collector of 
the county till the Bummerof 1759. He appi 






i to Tli, ,m. 

tl 



154 



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY. 



have died about that time, at his residence, in New- 
ton, for on May 9, 1759, "the Justices and Free- 
holders met at the house of Thomas Woolverton, 
Esq., in Newton," and on the 20th of September fol- 
lowing they met "at the house of Widow Woolver- 
ton," in the same village, at a special meeting to 
choose a county collector in Mr. Woolverton's place. 
Two candidates were nominated, Samuel Lundy and 
Ephraim Darby,— as the record says, "to be voted 
for, and the majority of votes carried it in favor of 
Samuel Lundy to be County Collector." 

Among the items paid by the county in 1760 we 
find " Cash paid to Ephraim Darby for Judge Nevels 
expenses the sum of £192 19.5. 4tf." This sum, we 
take it, was paid to Judge Neville for holding Oyer 
and Terminer in Sussex County, which was probably 
the first instance of that court being held in the 
county. 

In 1761 the board of justices and freeholders met 
at the house of John Downy, in Hardwick. The 
usual sum of one hundred pounds was ordered to be 
assessed upon the taxable property of the county. 
The collector had been in the habit of being delin- 
quent in small sums in the payment of the taxes to 
the treasurer, and the board resolved not to tolerate 
this lax way of doing business, and so ordered " that 
the County Collector shall pay the said money imme- 
diately on demand after he shall receive the same or 
any part thereof, towards defraying the debt now out- 
standing for wolves' and panthers' heads and other 
necessary expenses, which shall or may be ordered by 
the Justices and Freeholders of said County." 

In 1774 the quotas of assessment for the towns of 
the county were as follows: 

£ «. d. 

Nowton Ml 2 * 

Mansfield 77 19 r> 

Greenwich 10-1 5 5 

Oxford H2 10 3 

KuowltoD 141 15 

WHlpack 43 9 4 

Montague 40 8 H 

Saudyston 49 2 

u,,,, ,,.„ 02 o a 

Hardwick 22!) 

tlardyston m s 7 

This, with a balance in the treasury of £56 10s. 5d., 
made the sum-total for the county £1185 lis. 2d. 

The taxes increased rapidly during the Revolution. 
From July, 1777, to Sept. 27, 1778, the amount col- 
lected was £5868 4*. 8rf. Of this amount, £43 10s. 3d 
was from militia fines. From Sept. 27, 1778, to May 
8, 1779, the tax collected in the county was £8054 
15«. lOrf. Peter B. Shaver was duly elected county 
collector July 8, 1777. The following certificate 
appears Oct. 22, 1779: 

" We hare examined and cast the receipts by Mr. Shaver to tills time, 
and find them amount to £17,932 2». M." 

Signed by Timothy Symmes, Gabriel Ogdcn, and 
Charles Rhodes. 

The following, under date of Oct. 7, 1779, shows 
that all the money collected WHS not genuine : 



" Ordered that the Counterfeit money in the late County Collector's 
hands paid into him as tax, the loss shall ly on the whole County." 

This item follows : 

" Ordered that the Laws of this State be brought by Timothy Symmes, 
Esq., into this County at the expense of the County."* 

The following statement is copied from the free- 
holders' records, folio 77 : 

" A list of the Quotas of the several Townships in the County of Sus- 
sex settled January 13, 1781 : 

^ Tax. ^^ 

Sandiatbwn £3,059 *7,723 

Ha.distown 10,728 27,086 

Kn.iwltowu 10,227 40,974 

Mansfield 11,437 28,874 

Hardwick 20,009 07,014 

Givena»o 15,095 40,381 

Oxford" 12,010 32,592 

Wantage 6,331 10,109 

Newtown 12,777 32,256 

Wallpack 4.'JS» H. K: « 

Monticue : VI24 9,000 

£125,330 £315,073 

The addition of these totals makes a grand aggre- 
gate for the county of £441,009 for 1781. At the 
bottom of the certificate is written "True Copy." 
Signed by Guisbert Sutfin, John Cortright, Japheth 
Byram, Jacob Stoll, Joseph Gaston, and Manuel 
Hover. 

At a meeting of the justices and freeholders of the 
county, Nov. 10, 1780, 

"Timothy Symmes was by a Majority of the votes elected County Col- 
lector. Voted that the County pay a fine inflicted ou Mr. Ogdin by the 
Treasurer for not Conveying Taxes to him. Voted that three hundred 
pounds in .the hands of the former Collector be paid to Mr. Ker to dis- 
charge the Collector's Fine, and cost if sufficient. Voted that Timothy 
Symmes and Wm. Anderson draw up a petition to the Assembly and put 
the Names belonging to this Board to it, praying that they will pass an 
Act to enable the Treasurer of this State to receive £1695: 1: of old 
Jersey Money from the former Collector— little more in the hands of the 
Town Collectors of the same Money." 

"Voted that the Goal and Court House be repaired by Sherif Ker at 
his own discretion and that his account be laid before the board at their 
next meeting. 

" Voted that eight thousand pounds Continental nioneyf be levied by 
a Tax on the County and Collected with the next tax that is levied on 
the County." 

July 23, 1781, £8000, Continental money, was as- 
sessed upon the county, the quotas being divided 
among the several townships as follows: 

Hardyston «8S 2 

Newton Sl» ? V 

Wantage 409 4 4 

Oxford 827 10 1 

Mansfield 731 9 10 

Sandy.t.iii 1; ,'-» 7 ° 

Kuowlton If" M I 

Walnut ,! ;■ 

Hardwick "20 J5 * 

Greenwich '"25 16 2 

Montague 201 13 1 

" A hard-money tax of £600" was also levied, and 
proportionally divided among the townships. From 
Oct. 15, 1781, to April 22, 1782, the tax collections of 
the county amounted to £18,119 15s. 9d., of which 

* Those wore tbo laws passed by the new Legislature under tho 
stitutlon of 1776. 

f This is tho first notice of Continental money wo meet with in 
record. It was about this time taking the place of tho "old Jorsey 
money" referred to above, and hence the desire to get an act of tho Leg- 
islature to substitute the former for tho latter. 



Till: BOUNDARY-LINE CONTROVERSY. 



1 .").") 



£6816 ].-■. Bd. was in specie and the balance in "State 
Money and Certificates." These assessments were 
made, the record tells us, "by virtue of an acl passed 
at Trenton the 26th of December, 1781, for Raising 
the sum of One hundred and fifty thousand pounds 
in Money and Certificates; also an Act passed the 
29th December to provide for the defence of the 
Frontiers and for defraying the expenses oi the ' (ov- 
ernmenl of thin State." 

The tax of this year was payable quarterly, March 
35, June 25, April 1, and July 1, 1782. 

"Juno 1-, L78-. Onlercil that IheC ) Colin lui Cull 1111 II 

of Julni II, irk, ii. Ahruni Vim lumpen, mid Jacob tjtaru, deceaeed, aud 
Utile with il„ in for Hie sum ol Two Hundred Pound*, with tli 

iln« ii"- u, advai I i,i the Treuanrei ul the then l'i „- to pnr- 

11 iru for the uae of the Inhubllanta.f Alao to cult on Kn- 
il. ...,,, -I I'etUt, Ban,., r,.r their account • •! the Nolee delivered bint tu be 
ptusei uted I-, the n iui di liverud.] 

In pursuance of an order of the justices and free- 
holders, March 1 t, L783, th< following letter, ad- 
dressed to the town collectors "i the several town- 
ships, was written, and twentj copies of it sent to the 
Baid colle store: 

" Ni « ,., us, loth May, 1783. 

"Sin,— In tl.-ii-l Li ii, Juatl i ■■!„. 1. 1. i- in tl.. ii l,i-i M».,.|. 

N llfy all the delinquent Collector! thai unhue they do I >m< In 

iinil make pnyi i in thirty day« limn the date hi re ,i lo prosecute for 

ii,,' Arrearagea Jue - }.,n will ihcrufoi 

" 1 uni jour very hble Borv'l 

"£u« ii .i Iji m ip, ' ., r,,//,." 

It is bul just in Bay that collecting taxes at this 
Bate Lite close of the long and exhausting Beven 
war of the Revolution was no easy task. The 
strength and resources of a people whose endurance 
■■"ul -I, ri tii i- will ever be the wonder of the world 
had become so depicted, and the currency so depre- 
ciated iii, n collecting and paying the heavj taxes 
bromptly were uexl u, impossible. The list of those 
to whom the above notice was sent embraced some 
ul the best men of the county, Peter l>. Witt, of 
Newton; George Armstrong and Stephen Shiner, of 
Hardwick; John Decker and James Cudeback, of 
wantage; Edmund Palmer and David Johnson, of 
Mansfield; John Lund} and Reuben Manning, of 
Enowlton; William White and Jacob Wyekotf, of 
Oxford; Thomas Van Kirk, of Uardyston; Petei 

Kinnej und John Scl ley, ot Greenwich; < in i-lx-rt 

ktfin and Edward Lodar, of Sandyston ; Abraham 

ran Campen and Ezekiel Schoonover, of Walpack; 

Bosephus Westbrook and James Brink, of Montague. 

The difficulty about the tax <|ii istion at this date 

will be seen bj the following extract copied fr the 

Bcords : 

I - i,M - -i ui i Grand Juij of the County pn 

"' ' provide the inhubliaiita ot Suaeex with bread 

I ,-• 

I : , . 

'" l; " ii,-,ii,,i,i,-;-- reconla "Ordoied thai Nathaniel 

V I'-i . 'I II.-. i |,.. i .,i Hi, Two Hundred uoundaduu to 111 I 

l'i rluee whl Ii In ..«n-i Imj. I ene fol the aa ii not 

I pit ueniii tlie in- 1 duo "' ^ugiui uexl " Dan d Unj 
l l.ted 



tinea and Preeboklera fur raJBing m iiilea fi.r tlie Countj - uae; Raying by 
Hurt, Attorney at Law, in o|ieu Court Ihnl 11 «..- ,1 powoi Uiey 
were uol forested with. 

" ai raid i , ■ ■ 1 1 r,,i the Justice* and l 

on tlie 18th of June next, adveitlsnl and -i.-n.-,l by Timothy 

(onlj byordei ol the C t; whuicaa tlie nl method of ad 

la to be -ijin-l by tl tlirJUtrutm The Board then |«ying attention 

in Hi.- above notlfli allot i and proi lud to liuaiui - 

which would uol pi (iintnirj to Law) il gh Illegally calli 

It' 1 be lui -- whl I. wa> Join ,i. n eatdj tu U»,ul tl. Ii Aunuiil Heotlug. 

" Iu the Interim -in- of the debts wei leredtobi 

l„iiil by Edward Duiilnpaud the mine pera.mii, by the but but 
buanljliaa it In their power to Call l-i the aiune enni 

" Man Ii 1 1, 17- ; Onlcrcl, Thai sum ul fourteen | i- Hftucn 

shillings be allowed Uipt Janice It muell for seventeen 

ii «iiii :i Petition fol the Aaaembly 
- ■ ii -in i'i.- l'i-i,ii-i- lulu ,i.ii,,i,i- .17-1 to get a l ■i.ii'.iuy nf 
Levies raised for their protectiou ugalnal tin - 

Thul Hi- -in. ,r two hundred pouuda be allows Edward 

1 1«l' ' 'nun Colli tin i Itllng mid arraoglng the accuunte ul the 

C ii.v prevlone lo hut i„- n_- i j r .Hector." 

"July ill, 17kj._ Onlenl, That the aum of eight poundi fifteen ahil- 

"nw n" ii pence oh nil .wed Col. M,..k Thompson for Colli 

-'M. .1 a—..,,- Dupll alee uud rur Currying them to tin- Aaaembly at 
Mount ll.,lly." 

The following was the " Quota of Sussex, settled 
Feb. 22, 1789," of the 6100,000 tux: 



Newton .... 
Hardwick . 

Wantage .., 
MauaHeld.., 
Knowltou.., 

Oxford 

II ,, ,.i ,, 
1. 1- i I. . 

Sn; ,li-t.|, 

Wulluack... 

Mullliimu... 



■Il-.l 


i.; 


ll«l 






17 




In 


'.1 '1. 


17 


871 


7 




II 


llM.'l 


In 



D due 2342 \'< 



CHAPTER III. 

THE BOUNDARY-LINE CONTROVERSY. 
f.-A GKNEllAL STATEMBNT OF Till': DIFFICULTY. 
Tin: county nl' Sussex was without :t Bettled north- 
ern boundary until 1772. the line between the prov- 
inces of Ni» Jersej and New York not bavin* 
definite!} determined prior tu that date. The dispute 
nil. itit the boundary and the respective claims under 
New York and New Jersey patents involved the right 
to :t considerable strip of country — two hundred and 
hi] 1 1... ii-:i in In rrr- in the ni irt hcrii part of New Jersey 
which was awarded to New York in the final settle- 
ment There probably never would have been any 
i ni- difficulty about the boundary line had 
not certain patentees of the Mini-ink and Waway- 
anda patents been disposed to stretch their claims 
over :i portion of Northwestern New Jersey, and to 



i| It i t very i tear, bul n- purport aeeuia 

,. I.' Hint - mi ■ "I I 






150 



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY. 



regard them as " floating patents," to be located 
according to the will or fancy of the holders. This 
greed to extend their patents over a part of New Jer- 
sey and to appropriate the lands of neighboring set- 
tlers led, first, to serious contentious, resulting fre- 
quently in open violence between the two sections 
upon the borders of the territory in question, and, 
S3Condly, to a befogging of the boundary line be- 
tween the provinces, which was originally clear and 
well defined. 

II.— THE ORIGINAL BOUNDARY. 

The original boundary between New York and New 
Jersey extended from the Hudson River to the Dela- 
ware in a direct line to the most northwardly branch 
of the Delaware, at a point on that river in latitude 
forty-one degrees and forty minutes, or, as was always 
understood, to Cochecton, or Station Point.* This 
point was fixed as the true termination of the bound- 
ary line on the Delaware by royal commissioners and 
by the surveyors-general of both provinces, in pursu- 
ance of a joint act of the two legislatures, in 1719, 
and the " Tripartite Deed" and accompanying maps 
were drawn up and deposited in the archives of the 
respective provinces as a solemn voucher to the set- 
tlement. So well established was this fact that it was 
recognized in all subsequent deeds of conveyance and 
maps of the country. There is in the possession of 
many persons, probably, in this county, a map of the 
middle colonies of Great Britain in America, pub- 
lished in Philadelphia by Lewis Evans in 1755, in 
which the boundary line referred to, from the Hudson 
to the Delaware, is run directly to Cochecton or Sta- 
tion Point, whereby the whole Minisink patent and a 
large portion of the Wawayanda grant are appor- 
tioned to New Jersey. In addition to this, the 
same line was reaffirmed by royal patent in the erec- 
tion of Montague from Walpack in 1759, when the 
northernmost limit of the township was expressly 
fixed at Cochecton or Station Point. Moreover, deeds 
are recorded in which conveyances were made in that 
section by the Jersey proprietors.! 

Nothing further was needed to establish the right- 
ful claim of the New Jersey people to that portion of 
their territory which became the subject of long dis- 
pute, litigation, and conflict, amounting nearly to a 
civil war, and which was finally, through the in- 
triguing avarice of designing landholders, wrested 
from them and given to a neighboring colony. The 
history of this conflict forms a long and excited 
chapter in both the annals of Sussex and those of 
the adjoining county of Orange, N. Y. 

* In the grunt of New Jersey l>y Mis Royal Highness James, Dnko of 
Yirrk nnd Albany, June i!3, 1004, tu L<ml Berkeley unci Sir George Car- 
teret, the northern l> lury Isdcscriboil: "to the northward as fur 08 

Hi.: northen ist brunch of the mid bay or river of Delaware, which is 

in forty-one degioee mid forty minutes of latitude,, and workcth over 
thence In n straight line to llnds niV Ittvei'." 

t s.re Chapter VII, mi il Piutl I in Line between East iin 1 West 

JelSey," |in, 41-40, In this Work. 



III.— CONFLICTING LAND-CLAIMS. 
The conflict of the settlers upon and near the di- 
vision line between New Jersey and New York began 
to develop itself as early as the beginning of the 
eighteenth century. In November, 1700, according 
to the " Journal of the Colonial Assembly of New 
York," the attention of the Governor was called to 
the subject, and it was recommended that measures 
should be taken to have the partition line defined. 
No decisive action, however, appears to have been 
taken at that time, and the people were left to fight 
their own battles, unassisted by any government or 
local municipal aid, until immediately after the erec- 
tion of the county of Sussex. That event developed 
a new phase in the conflict. The people of Sussex, 
who had always been disposed to maintain their 
rights even when trespassed upon by superior num- 
bers, now saw in the extension of civil authority over 
their long-neglected region a means for the redress of 
their grievances, and the county officials sympathized 
strongly witli the popular feeling. The arrest and 
imprisonment of several of the intruders who had cov- 
ered New Jersey rights with New York land-grants 
soon followed, giving unmistakable evidence that 
further aggression would not be tolerated. The effect 
of this action upon the New York authorities may be 
judged of to some extent by the following extract 
from the minutes of the General Assembly of that 
province : 

" April 24, 1754.— The Hon. James 1). Liulcey, Esq,, Lieut. -Governor, 



■nte.l I 



I folio 



"Gknti.emk.n,— The division lino between this Government and the 
Province of -New Jersey not being sottled kills given rise to great ttininlts 
and disorders among the people of Orange County and the adjacent In- 
habitants of New Jersey, and may produce worse evils unless prevented 
by timely care. Nothing can answer this purpose so effectually, I think, 
as the fixing of a Itiiqinriirij line of jreace between ub until His Majesty's 
pleasure shall be known in the matter. Governor Belcher assures Die of 
his sincere desire that amicable and conciliatory measures may be fallen 
upon by the Governments to make the borders easy, and I have proposed 
to him the running of such a line conformably to the opinion of His 
Majesty's i oilncil, signified in Hie report to me, which I eluill order to bo 

laid belure you; and if it receive your uppi ilioll, I shall forthwith 

appoint Commissioners for the running oi such line of peace, and apply 
to that Government to do the like on their part." 

That the authorities of Sussex County made it warm 
for the Orange County intruders about this time may 
be inferred from the following paragraphs extracted 
from the report made to the New York Assembly on 
Oct. 29, 1754. Of course, due allowance must be 
made for the local and party coloring. The extracts 
read: 

•' That the people of New Jersey have from time to time, for a con- 
siderable time past, collected themselves in large bodies, and with vio- 
lence have arrested divers of Mis .Majesty's subjects, holding lands under 
Ibis Province, to the northward of said hounds, and have taken posses 

"That lb.- tiovei iiineni. of New Jersey hath, within a few years past, 
erected a new comity called Snss<-\, ;i greal part ol which they have ex- 
tended many miles noi iliwnrd ol' the buuiids afocoBiiid. 

"That Justices ill Hie Peine nod oilier officers have been, and are from 
time to lime, appointed ill the said county, and do from time to time cx- 

„i V j s ithoiilv ami jurisdlcti ver the persons and possessions of a 

great number of Ills Majesty's subjects, holding their lauds under and 
paying submission to the Government of this colony. 






TIIK Hor.XDAUY-LINH CONTKOYKKSV. 



1.-.7 



" That in cimKct|iioiicn of tho exerclM of snch authority end jurisdic- 

ti His Majesty's Justice* of tho IVai-e And other siibordinal 

ami ministers in mill f..r Orange Conuty have been freqtientta beateu, 
in '■ni i i'i|, mill prevented in the execution .-f tholr respective nlB 
prisoners, nnd carried Into pari ol Nev J i ey raniote from their habi- 
tation* mill tho opportunity "f belnp relieved, mul have 1 n thrown in- 
to Jail and held to excessive hall, and prueecuted by Indictments, and that 
others of III-* Majesty's sulijectfl belonging to Orange County have also 
Del wiiii -imiim treatment 

"That din people of New Jersey have also, from time to time, mi. I as 
. i ' ■ i ■. ■ ■ ■ i ii' s . i . . 1 1 , t laudaof Orange 
County, 

" That they frequently ueeet the houses of His Majesty's niljecti in 
Orange County hy night, and attempted i-> -. i/.- mil take prisoners ench 
of His Mul and are encouraged In do this hy tin 

I. pge rewards made in them, and are alsu actually kopt in pay lor tlial 
purpose bj tin- proprietors of Bast New Jersey, 

'•That tin- c misaloners of highways for tlie said new county have 

laid ;i new highway through Hlnielnk aforesaid, which now, by the 

above-mentioned ooitduct of the people "f New Jersey, i- almost, If not 
entirely, reduced in subjei lion t" the goi ■■' Dmonl "t" New Jei -.-> , 

"Thai (I,.' public officers "t Nee. Jei ley assoss and raise t..\"* upon the 
people dwelling 0. the Northward of said bounds, by which nieuus muuy 
have been prevente 1 from paying their proportion of the taxes ol Orange 

County for re than n year |nist, Some of il 1 have 1 n olilijwd t" 

desert their poneenona ami retire in tin' Northwardly parts of Orange 

Ot ty, while 11 row, more r lute than tin- rest, are redi 1 to tin- ite- 

ouverllng their dwellings into places of defense, and go armed 
fur fear "( some sudden attack. 

"Timt 11 gh tlie Committee could produce many instances of this 

kin. I, they oouflue th selves 1 which bap] I very lately. 

Thomas De Key, Col 1 of tin- Uilll ti and Justice ..r the 1 u 

I ■ ' 1 1 1 1 r >■ . win. mi. plantations are claimed by th- people >>f New 

lie within the aforesaid new County, thongh lie. nnd those 
uii'i'i whum he claims, have held them ami been settled upon them 
I' 1 Nee York nigh fifty yeare, Audlng himself extremely vexed, dis- 
turbed, aud disqnluted by tin- people "f Now Jersey, wenl t" .In s 

Alexander, Esq., tol Rl* majesty's Oouucll fur this Province, aud also 

Jersey Province, aud who is one of the Proprietors ol the East- 
ern Division of New Jersey, of great Interest tliore, and esteemed 0110 of 

the most active persons ei ig them, to ondeavoi to nueagree- 

t it with him, in "i.l.'i Hi .t li" might rem tin qulel until th- line was 

Anally settled Bui the sal 1 Alexander refused 1.. consent to nuythlng of 

thai kind, unless th" said De Key would agree t" hold In- Inn. Is ler 

Nov Jei ■. , become a Jereeyman, anil Aght, as he expressed it. t"i New 

.1 1 n 1111-t New V01I, 1 pie; an. I told him at tbosame time if he 

would .1.. so he should neither waut 1 ey nor commissions, mil .t be 

Would in . 1 do so, I." should 1 rp eaesse 1 "t hit plantations. This Col. 

De Key 1 ifusing t.. . j,i\ with, a short lime iift.-r a number of 

mi I in.-ii from New I y .aim- t.. th" I, f th" sal I Col. 1'" Key, 

erving them approach in such manuer, shut himself up in his 

On which they drew up [lefon hi d km and some "i them i a ked 

thai nudpresentod Iheni towards tlie window where Col. 1'" Key 

st I, sweating they would si t him through the heart, that they would 

starve hi tarn! bum the houso over his head ; and 

or child attempted t.. es npe, tiny would shoot them down; that tiny 
bad strengtl ugh to take all when, mil would do it in time, How- 
ever, they then withdrew without lurtbei violeuce, ami upon theli do- 
partui them said to Col. De Key, 'Take care of yourself, for we 
will have yon sol " 

This report was considered on Nov, 8, 1754, and a 
resolution passed in lay the. same before His Honor 
Lieut.-Governor De Lancey, with the request that he 
would exercise jurisdiction over tin- disputed territory 
till His Majesty should be pleased t" declare his 
pleasure with reaped to the further jurisdiction of this 
province. Col. Beekman ami ('apt. Winne, the c im- 
mittee, reported that they had laid the report before 

• James AU'MimhT hml a very v: I rea-smi [..rieln n . 

veyor-geuernl of both Basl tud ; had i ..i the prin- 
cipal officers ,.t ti„. i-i., w Axing th.- north itatlon-p mil. in ITI". ami 

h.' verj well I « that th" Jersey i pis had Justl a theft side. 



the lieutenant-governor, who was pleased to say that 
" II. would consider thereof, anil lay tin- same before 
I li- Uajesty's < louncil." 

Thus the controversy remained till February, 1756, 
when a new memorial was presented t.i tin- House by 
th. proprietors ol' the Minisiok anil Wawayanda 
patents, dated Feb. 1". 1756, which was ordered t'> be 
printed. This memorial wae md contained 

a legal argument upon tin. points in dispute. We 
have no! learned what lawyer furnished tin- sophistry 
by which "to make tin- worse appear tin- better 
reason" in this famous report. It certainly went 
li (fore the kin": ami hi- Privj < louncil in such a shape 
as iii mystify ami befog tin- ancient boundaries, ami 
the learned author was probably well rewarded hy the 
Minisiok ami Wawayamla patentees. 

"The tuts of violence," -ays .Mr. Eilsall, " whieh 
were committed under this boundary dispute, tin- re- 
mi nbered only in part, and it would he quite a- well 
wire they all forgotten. The aeeounts we have "i 
.11 come through New York Bources, and in- 
variably represent tin- New Jersey claimants as the 
aggressors. If this he true, New York, in the final 
settlement of th.- matter, managed to turn the blows 
whieh ber citizens received to quite profitable account, 
for she certainly obtained about one thousand 
of land for every New Yorker who was thntshed, 
even though the number thus flogged by the 'Jersey 
Blues' be -it down at full two hundred." 

We give only another statement touching this mat- 
ter, from the New York point of view : 

" Maj. Swartwout reshleil on the lands in dispute. 
if thr Jersey claimants were watching tor tin 
opportunity to enter his house ami get possession 
before he could procure help from his neighbors, He 
was aware of it, and, to counteract the attempt and 
the invaders, kept a number of guns ready 
loaded in his house, with some additional men to 
work his farm and lend assistance in case of emer- 
gency. He was a bold, resolute man, an. I feared by 
those who wished to dispossess him. Notwithstand- 
ing his precautions, it appears that at a certain time, 

in the year 1780, his family were expelled ami his 

i: I- remoi ed out of the house, and possession taken 

by the intruders. This was in his absence and while 

hi- wili' was confined to her bed by the birth of a 

child, ami it caused lor death. 

"In urih-r to reinstate tin- major, assistance was 
procured from Goshen, whieh, with the neighbors, 
i oncluded to go Becretly ami lay in ambush on a hill 

in a piece ofw I- near the major's houc 

( lumaer should go to the house and discover tie- situ- 
ation 'if the enemy, and when tho opportunity became 
favorable for them to enter the house, then t" L r '« into 

tin- orchard ami throw up an apple a- a siirmil for tho 

party to come on. After tho party bail ainbushed 
themselves and the opportunity became favorable, 
Qumaer left the house, went into the orchard, and 

throw up an tipple, whereupon the party rtl-hnl into 



158 



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY. 



the house, expelled the inmates and reinstated the 
major. 

"The occupants, now fearing that they might he 
taken by surprise, managed to have a spy among the 
Jersey claimants, at some twenty miles' distance, 
through whom, from time to time, they received in- 
formation of all the projects of the Jersey claimants. 
. . . The last struggle between the parties was to cap- 
ture and imprison the major and Johannes West- 
brook, both of whom lived on the battle-ground. 
Any open effort to capture the major was known to 
be environed with great difficulty, and the Jerseymen 
undertook to effect it on the Sabbath at the door of 
the Machackemack church. This was between the 
years 1764 and 1767, while Rev. Thomas Romeyn was 
the pastor. To accomplish it they had collected a 
strong party, who came armed with clubs on the day 
appointed and surrounded the church. After the ser- 
vices were ended and the major and Capt. Westbrook 
had gone out, they were captured and made prisoners 
after a harsh rough-and-tumble struggle. The major 
was taken and confined in the Jersey prison, from 
which, however, he was soon released."* 

The probability is that the authorities of Sussex 
did not recognize the legality or propriety of such 
proceedings, and so gave the captured and imprisoned 
major a speedy release. 

IV.— SETTLEMENT OF THE BOUNDARY LINE. 
The remaining branch of this subject is the settle- 
ment of the boundary line. As already intimated, 
the great difficulty in the way of a speedy and amic- 
able adjustment of the controversy was the desire and 
purpose on the part of certain claimants under the 
Minisink and Wawayanda patents to effect a settle- 
ment in favor of their claims. This, by delay and 
intrigue with government officials, and by obscuring 
and confusing the original boundaries, they finally 
succeeded in accomplishing only in part. The people 
of New Jersey, although protesting against any alter- 
ation of the original bounds of the province, were 
anxious and ready for a settlement, and were willing 
to co-operate with New York in the adoption of any 
fair measure for the adjustment of the difficulty. 
This is proved by the fact that, in October, 1748, an 
act for running and ascertaining the line between the 
provinces passed the Assembly of New Jersey and 
was laid before the Assembly of New York for their 
objections, if any were to be made. Before the House 
had acted upon it the inhabitants of Orange County, 
all along the line, got up a petition against the act, 
and presented it to the House, desiring to be heard 
by counsel. This was granted, and on Oct. 28, 1748, 
the petitioners were heard by counsel against the 
New Jersey act. On the 29th the House considered 
the objection against the act, and 

" HaoUeil, That they woro strong and well grounded ; that the peti- 
tioners hike measures, if they boo fit, to oppose It; and that the Speaker 

* Engcr'a " History of Orange County," pp. 378, :170. 



transmit their objections to Mr. Charles, Agent for the Colony in Great 
Britain, with directions to oppose said Act when it shall ho transmitted 
for His Majesty's royal assent.'' 

Mr. Charles wrote back to know whether the ex- 
penses of opposing the law were to be borne by in- 
dividuals or by the public, whereupon the House 
resolved that they be paid by the public. Thus New 
York had a powerful lobbyist before the Crown to 
influence the decision against New Jersey, backed up 
by the public treasury of that colony, while New 
Jersey had no agent to defend her rightful claim. 
It is a matter of history that during this time, and 
for many years afterwards, the authorities of the 
general government of N ew Jersey were strangely 
inactive respecting their interests involved in the dis- 
pute. " New Jersey unfortunately dozed over her 
rights, while New York was wide awake."t It has 
been stated that if the General Assembly of the 
province had followed up the initial proceedings 
with half the boldness and discrimination which 
characterized the officials of Sussex County, New 
Jersey might have been the gainer in a large extent 
of territory unjustly shorn from her northern border. 
"The county of Sussex had been organized barely 
eleven months before the New York Assembly had 
an elaborate report drawn up, giving its own version 
of the boundary difficulties and artfully setting forth 
the facts so as to exonerate its own citizens and 
throw all the odium of all the breaches of the peace 
upon the persons who held their lands by virtue of 
New Jersey grants." In this report, after befogging 
the case as much as possible in reference to what 
stream might be regarded "the most northwardly 
branch of the Delaware," or what part of that river 
is in latitude " forty-one degrees and forty minutes," 
the "main consideration upon which New York 
rested her claim is acknowledged to have been the 
location of the Minisink and Wawayanda patents, 
both of which had their boundaries so imperfectly 
described that the holders thereof treated them as 
' floating patents,' to be run out with a gum-elastic 
chain, and accordingly located them to suit their 
fancy, caring little how distances were stretched so 
long as their very flexible consciences did not recoil 
before the magnitude of their own greediness. The 
southward bounds of the lands thus located the report 
assumes to be the rightful boundary between the two 
provinces, and takes it for granted that the Jersey 
settlers, who were remote from the seat of their 
colonial government, isolated, and practically with- 
out any representative in the Provincial Assembly, 
and who, consequently, were compelled to submit to 
what they could not prevent, concurred in so regard- 
ing it. Rut this was not, and could not, be true. 
Even in the final settlement of the controversy, when 
New York obtained all that the commissioners could 
with the least approach to decency award her, her 



t Centennial Addr. 



SUSSEX COUNTY CIVIL LIST. 



159 



line did ii"t come down aa far south as the boundary 
of these famous pal snts." 

The New York report was transmitted to England 

jnd laid before Hie Maj: i\ i icil. Wl-il ii w i- 

pending, the authorities of Sussex I lounty persevered 
in extending their jurisdiction over portions of thi 
disputed territory, and with Buch success that the New 
York Assembly, in June, 1 T i iii . received a petition in 
win h itwas stated tual the Precinct d Minicink 
had 1 >• -< - 1 1 wholly wrested from the Colony of New 
York, and is qow subject to the Government of New 
Jersey." Therefore the New York Assembly passed 
an act submitting the dispute to such commissioners 
as the < Vnu ii of I rreat Britain might be pleased to ap- 
point; and the Assembly of New Jersey concurred in 
thesa by the passage of an act, Feb. 23, 1764, set- 
ting forth that, " by reason of the unsettled stati of 
mita of the two colonies, doI onlj the extent of 
their respective jurisdictions remains uncertain, and 
the due and regular administration of government in 
both colonies is by that means impeded, but also fre- 
quent and dangerous riots have been occasioned and 
are still likely to arise between the borderers, as well 
concerning the extent of the respective jurisdictions 
aa the property of the soil, to the great disturbance of 
the public peace and the manifest discouragement of 
Hi- Majesty's subjects in the settlement and improi e- 
meiit of that part of the country." 

Pursuant to these acts of the Legislatures of New 
York and New Jersey, the King of Great Britain, 
by royal commission bearing date of Oct. 7, 17G9, 
appointed certain commissioners to determine the 
boundary line j which dutj thej performed, fixing it 
where it now is, and the two Legislatures ratified and 
confirmed it by joint act in 1772. The titles to lands 
held by Jersey grants on the north and by New York 
grants on the south of the line were confirmed I 
respective possessors, and the King of Great Britain 
gave his royal approval to the whole proceeding on 
Sept. l, 1778. 



ill \ PTEB I V. 

SUSSEX COUNTY CIVIL LIST. 

The following list contains the uames of persons, 
either residents or natives of the county, who have 
held civil offices under the general government, the 

State, or the county, together with the tin t - 

REPRESEN DATIVES [X CONGRJ 38. 
Bon. John Linn ; 1837 IS, Hun Bumnel Fowler; l - IT 19, Hon 
Richard E. Sdmll; 1803 87, II- I n; 1873 77, Hon. 

I ill' Ml. 

.ii DOES OF THE 81 PREME I 01 B I. 
Ron. John OIoti i Symmi - i, 1777. 

Bon. Tlionuu G R.roraoii, app il I I 

Hot i ■ ippolated v. »( nil 

Hon. Martin By anon, Appointed March, l-.v.. 



• Centenulal Addrea, pp I-, IS. 



GOVERNOR AND CHANCELLOR. 

Eon. Daniel Haines was G«n rnor and r.r-officio 

chancellor of the State of New Jersey from October, 

i January, 1845, under the old constitution, 

and was elected Governor under the new constitution 

in November, I s 17. 

SECRETARIES OF STA1 E. 
Whitfield S. Jolineun, 1S01-06. 
Hen I Kvlsey, 1871-81. 

MEMBERS OP THE LEtilSLATl RE. 

Susse.\ County, on its fi rs t erection, in 1753, united 
with Hunterdon and Morris in Bending a representa- 
tive to the General Assembly, and continued so to do 
for nineteen years. 

On May 10, 1768, an act was passed empowering 
each county to -end it- own representatives, and al- 
lowing t" Sussex County two members. The acl was 
at once sent to England for the sanction of the king 
and council, but it did not immediately receive the 
royal approval. In December, 1769, the Assembly 
appointed a committee to write to Benjamin Frank- 
lin, then in London, requesting him to use his in- 
fluence and exertions to obtain His Majesty's approval 
of the bill. The royal sanction was granted on Dec. 
9, 1770; the confirmation was proclaimed in New Jer- 
sey in 1771. and on Aug. 7. 1772. Thomas Van Home 

and Nathaniel Pettit were elected the first representa- 
tives of the county of Sussex. To be eligible to the 
office at that time required the ownership of one thou- 
sand acres of land or five hundred pounds sterling, 

English money ; no one was allowed to vote who did 
not own one hundred acre- of land or was not worth 

fifty pounds sterling in real and personal property. 

Mr. Pettit served in the Assembly till the royal 
authority over the province was superseded by the 
adoption of the first constitution, on July -. 1776. 
Mr. Van Home died in 1775, and Joseph Barton wa 

elected to till the vacancy; he continued a member 

till the constitution was adopted. The constitution ol 

177ii allowed to Sussex, in common with the cither 

counties, one member of the. council and three rep- 
resentatives in the General Assembly. They were 

elected, and the members of both Houses have I n 

chosen as follows, down to the present time: 

, . ■ . 

m, tula Brown. 
I 

i ollum, Benji HeCnllongh. 

ni II, John den • - ly, Bdmund Haiti 

Kennedy. 

U irtli Uron U n 
I icil Hugh Mm. WUIIam 

Maxwell, Aaron Uankinaon. 
mi II, Robert Hiaija; A-- mlily, i- 

lie,:. 
,.,,1, Robert II 

i mm II, Hark Thorapaon; Aa» ml ly, kai 

limit- I 



160 



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY. 



1789. — Council, Boliert Hoops; Assembly, Aaron Hankinson, Charles 

Beardslee, John Rutherford. 
1790. — Council, Robert Hoops; Assembly, Aaron UanUiiison, Robert Og- 

deu, John Rutherford. 
1791-02.— Council, Charles Beardslee ; Assembly, Aaron Huukinsou, Wil- 
liam Helmes, Valentine Bedleman. 
1793-94.— Council, Charles Beardslee; Assembly, William McCullough, 

Peter Sharp, Martin Kyerson. 
1795. — Council, Charles Beardslee; Assembly, George Armstrong, Peter 

Sharp, William McCullough. 
1790— Council, Charles Beardslee ; Assembly, William McCullough, Peter 

Sharp, Peter Smith. 
1797— Council, Charles Beardslee; Assembly, Peter Sharp, Peter Smith, 

Thomas Ai mstrong. 
1798.— Council, Charles Beardslee; Assembly, John Gustin, Joseph Gas- 
ton, Levi Howell, William Runkle. 
1799— Council, Charles Beardslee; Assembly, Juseph Gaston, Levi How- 
ell, William McCullough, Silas Dickerson. 
1800.— Council, William McCullough; Assembly, Levi Howell, Silas 

Dickerson (Speaker!, Joseph Gaston, Joseph Sharp. 
1S01-2.— Council, William McCullough; Assembly. Levi Howell, Silas 

Dickerson (Speaker), Abram Shafer, John Linn. 
1803.— Council, William McCullough; Assembly, Levi Howell, John 

Linn, John Johnson, Abram Shafer. 
1804.— Council, John Linn ; Assembly, John Johnson, Levi Howell, Wm. 

Kennedy, Joseph Sharp. 
1805— Council, George Bidleman ; Assembly, Levi Howell, Joseph Sharp, 

William Kennedy, William Armstrong. 
1S00.— Council, Jacob S. Thompson ; Assembly, Henry Hankinson, John 

Coureen, Daniel Harker, William A. Ryerson. 
1807.— Council, Barnabas Swayze; Assembly, Henry Hankinson, Aaron 

Kerr, Daniel Harker, John Cox. 
1S0S.— Council, Barnabas Swayze; Assembly, Henry Hankinson, Aaron 

Kerr, William Kennedy, John Cox. 
1809.— Council, Uarnabas Swayze; Assembly, Aarau Kerr, John Cox, 

William Kennedy, Richard Edsall. 
1810. — Council, Barnabas Swayze; Assembly, Win. Kennedy (Speaker) 

George Bidleman, Joseph Sharp, Richard Edsall. 
1-11.— Council, Barnabas Swayze; Assembly, William Kennedy, Joseph 

Sharp, Richard Edsall, Gerret Vliet. 
1812 — Council, Barnabas Swayze ; Assembly, Joseph Sharp, IS'. W. Blither-, 

ford, Simon Cortright, James Davidson. 
181:1-15.— Council, William Kennedy;* Assembly, Simon Cortright, 

Joseph Sharp, IS. W. Rutherford, James Davidson. 
1SI0 — Council, Thomas Van Kirk: Assembly, Abram Bidleman, Peler 

Decker, Robot (J. Thompson, William Darrah. 
1817.— Council, Thomas Van Kirk ; Assembly, Abeam Bidleman, Jeremy 

Marker, R. C. Thompson, George Beardslee. 
1818.— Council, Thomas Van Kirk ; Assembly. Thomas Tcasdale, Jeremy 

Mackoy, R. C. Thompson, George Beardslee. 
1819.-Cuum.il, Robert W. Rutherford; Assembly, Thomas Teasdide, 

Jeremy Mackey, IS. C. Thompson, George Beardslee, 
1820.— Council, Robert W. ltuthcrfurdj Assembly, Jacob Hornbook, 

Abram Shafer, Peter Kline, Joseph Coryell. 
1821.— Council, William T. Anderson; Assembly, James Egbert, Lefflet 

Houghawout, Thintias Tcasdale, Benjamin Hamilton. 
1822.— Council, Jeremy Mackey; Assembly, James Egbert, Leffeit 

Ib.ughawout. 
1823.— Council, Jacob Thompson; Assembly, Thomas Tcasdale, Aluam 

Newman, Joseph Coryell. Joseph Chandler. 
1824.— Council, Jacoh Thompson; Assembly, Evi A. Sayre, James Eg- 
bert, Joseph E. Edsall, Swayze f 

1825.— Council, Thomas C. Ryerson ; Assembly, Joseph Chandler, Nathan 

A. Shafer. 
1820— Council, Thomas (.'. Ryerson; Assembly, Joseph Chandler, Hiram 

Munson. 
1827.— Council, Samuel Fowler; Assembly, Joseph Chandler, Illram 

Munson. 
1828.— Council, Thomas C. Kyerson ; Assembly, Josoph Chandler, Hiram 

Munson. 
1829.— Council, David Ryors 

kle. 
1830-31.— Council, David liye 

Peter M ark lo. 

» Vico-Presldonl in 1815. 

t Warren County was set off Nov. 20, 1824. 



i; Assembly, James Evans, Peter Mar- 
011 ! Assembly, Simeon McCoy, John Hull, 



1832. — Council, Peter Markle; Assembly, Benjamin Hamilton, Joseph 

Green, Peter Young. 
1833. — Council, Samuel Price; Assembly, Benjamin Hamilton, Joseph 

Green, Peter Young. 
1834 —Council, Samuel Price; Assembly, Joseph Green, Joshua Shay, 

Benjamin Hamilton. 
1S35. — Council, David Ryerson; Assembly, John Strader, Joshua Shay, 

Joseph Linn. 
1S3G. — Council, Samuel Price; Assembly, Joseph Linn, John Strader, 

Benjamin Hull. • 
1837-38— Council, Richard R. Morris; Assembly, William J. Wilson, 

Isaac Shiner, John Hull. 
1S39h10. — Council, Daniel Haines; Assembly, Joseph Green, Samuel 

Truax, William H. Nyce. 
1841-42. — Council, Alexander Boyles; Assembly, Isaac Bonnell, David 

Hynard, Nathan Smith. 
l c 43-44.— Council, Benjamin Hamilton ; Assembly, Timothy Cook, Abra- 
ham Dunning, Jesse Bell. 
1845. — Senate, Benjamin Hamilton; Assembly, Thomas D. Armstrong, 

John Hunt, Peter Young. 
184G-47.— Senate, Nathan Smith ; Assembly, Thomas D. Armstrong, 

Peter Hoyt, Jacob Horubcck, Jr. 
1848.— Senate, Nathan Smith ; Assembly, Martin Ryerson, Peter Hoyt, 

Jacob Hornheck, Jr. 
1849. — Senate, Joseph Green ; Assembly, Guy Price, William Simouson, 

Jacob Hornheck, Jr. 
1850. — Senate, Joseph Green ; Assembly, Guy Price, William SimouBon, 

Daniel Decker. 
1851. — Senate, Joseph Green ; Assembly, John B. Stinson, Timothy E. 

Shay, George W. Colver. 
1852-53. — Senate, Isaac Bonnell ; Assembly, Benjamin Hamilton, Jr., 

Luther Hill, Timothy E. Shay. 
1854. — Senate, Isaac Bonnell; Assembly, Daniel D. Gould, James L. 

Decker, Aaron K. Stinson. 
1855— Senate, Zachariah H. Price; Assembly, Daniel D. Gould, Richard 

E. Edsall, William Smith, John W. Opdyke. 
1850 — Senate, Zachariah H. Price; Assembly, Daniel D. Gould, William 

Smith, Johu W. Opdyke. 
1857. — Senate, Zachariah II. Price; Assembly, Sandford McKeeby, Wil- 
liam Smith, John W. Opdyke. 
1858.— Senate, Andrew A. Smalley ; Assembly, Abraham Shinier, Charles 

Mackerly, Daniel D. Decker. 
1859.— Senate, Andrew A. Smalley ; Assembly, Martin Cole, Charles Mac- 
kerly, Daniel D. Decker. 
1800— Senate, Andrew A. Smalley; Assembly, William H. Bell, Charles 

Mackerly, Daniel D. Decker. 
1801.— Senate, Peter Smith; Assembly, William H. Bell, Thomas N. 

McCarter. 
1802-03— Senate, Peter Smith ; Assembly, William H. Bell, Itobert Ham- 
ilton. 
1804.— Senate, Joseph S. Martin; Assembly, Samuel Fowler.t William 

M. Iliff, Richard E. Edsall, 
1805-00— Senate, Joseph S. Martin ; Assembly, Francis M. Ward, William 

M. Iliff. 
1807-09.->-Sonate, Richard E. Edsal I J Assembly, Hiram C. Clark, Samuel 

H. Hunt. 
1870. — Senate, Richard E. Edsall ; Assembly, Lebbeus Martin, Peter 

Smith. 
1871.— Senate, Richard E. Edsall ; Assembly, Lebbeus Martin.g 
1872.— Senate, Richard E. Edsall ; Assembly, Francis M. Ward. 
1 873.— Senate, Samuel T. Smith ; Assembly, Francis M. Ward. 
1874-75. — Senate, Samuel T. Smith ; Assembly, William Owen. 
1870-77.— Senate, Francis M. Ward; Assembly, George Greer. 
1878.— Senate, Francis M. Ward ; Assembly, Lewis J. Martin. 
1879-81.— Senate, Thomas Lawrence; Assembly, Lewis J. Martin. 

COUNTY JTJDGES.H 

The first judges of the Common Pleas in Sussex 
County were Abraham Van Campen, Jonathan Robe- 



X Mr. Fowler died the first week of tho ses 
! tion Richard E. Edsall was cbosou to fill tho \ 



, and at a special elec- 



t Kodistricted under tho census of 1871); one member elected. 
|j From 1787 to 1804, the judges of the Orphans' Court were ido 
vith the judgos of the Court of Common Pleas. 



SUSSHX COUNTY CIVfL LIST. 



ltU 



sun, John Anderson, and Jonathan ivnit, appointed 
in L753, by royal ordinance of "i- Majesty George 
III., to organize the County Courts. Judge Van 
Dampen remained upon the bench until August, L766, 
Huring which linn he "a- the presiding officer of tin 1 
cciiiri, and, as appears by the minutes, was rarely ab- 
benl from his seal during its sessions. The following 
appointments of judges were made by the same au- 
thority: 1760, John Hackett; 1761, Joseph Hull ami 
Richard Gardner ; 1764, Hugh Bughes. Thesewere 
the last appointments by the ( Irown. 

The following justices sat at times npon the bench 
from 1753 to 1765, and some of them still later: Obe- 
diah Ayres, Richard Gardner, Japhei Byram, Peter 
Decker, Samuel < Irowell, Abram Van Auken, Anthony 
Van Atia, Morris Robeson, Joseph Sail, John Wil- 
|on, John Rosenkrans, Lemuel Barrett, Thomas Van 
Home, Robert McMurtry, Jacoh Starn, Hugh Hughe 
and Nathaniel ivttit. Four of these -viz., Hackett, 
pull, Gardner, and Hughes -were promoted bj being 
appointed judges, as above. 

APPOINTMENTS BY THE GOVERNOR, 
! ri 5 Joseph llnphoa. 

fcrtl SO, 1708. Jacob 8ti 

Kit. 27, 177_- .i.i.-..i. Mini,- Samnol Lnndy. 

APPOINTMENTS IIV JOINT MEETING, 
hpl i :. 1770.— John Clevee Symniea, John Barber, Mark 3 ■ 

. anCampen, Antl y Bro lerick, William Norcross. 

Sept. 24, 1777.— Anthony Broderick, John McMurtry, Jacob Uol 

Timothj Symmes.g 
Nov. 17, 1779.— Rohsrt Ogtton, Robert Hoope, John MoMurtry, Isaac 

Uartiu, Danh 1 I 

othj 8j m i, Jauoes Bunnell. 

178-1— John Hi Hnrtry, Robori Hoops. 

1 1 I ii li.v Byiumes. 

1788. Hugh Hughes, Abraham Van Campen, Snmnel Knykendal. 
pov. 20, 1780 Koberl Hoope, John McMurtry, Evi Adams, George 

Allen, Francis P 

Not. 23, 1790.— Wllllnm Hi Imi 
Nov. j.;, iT'.n .--Kvi Allium, 

■ ii i. Piatt, Jomitli 

tub. a, IT'.'.. William Hell 

Maxwell, Gnlsberi Sutpliln. 
Nov. i, 1700. Abraham Van Campen. 
m ii i, :. 1707. K iben Bonvors. 

16, 1709 Daniel Pre. . October 20th, William Holmes, Evi 

. George Allen, 
Nov. 30, i-"' Samuel Kennedy, John Maxwell. 
Kb 9,1801 -Murk Th |».n.TI in. I.UWI .-,.l.i ..In,.-; V- 

rember24th, BoIhuI Beavors, Peter Van Nest, John Armstrong. 
Rov, I, 1803, Robert Denlsoii, William Mi Cullongh. 

Bldlemau, HM Adams, Barnabas Swayio. 

Sol i i. 1800 lohn Ho ing, John Linn. 

Rot I 00 Robi Silas Dlckerson, Daniel Pi 

i ii Stewart, 91mi n Cortrlght. 

bo. 8, 1807 John toward, John Ion, J I 

Boy. 23, 1808.— Thomas Van Kirk, William U lOnllongh. 
un 10 00, Barnabas Swayxe, Montgomery fleudiug. 
Hot. i. 1810 John Liun, John Arnutmng. 

• Rlohard Gardner was ^. ■ i ir mil by King G 
VNewJorsoy, Hn. Pnnnella Mondon.of Port Jorvls, has Itihorpos- 
privnto soal of Rlohard Gardner, l>y whum ii was pn 

mi i .uii. -I n Ii ma le ol Uvi r, an I thi ml oonalii I Ih 

" ii G."su in imaly woveu Into oach other ae t" ipell snUrebj the two 

Si i i. 1 1 No\ 14, 1700, ; Reap| 

I in plai o ol John Ulayes Sj tea, I 

Hi , nod Noi I 



'.[■ii, Murk Thomp- 

Willi,. 

>- ; November 23d, Ba John 



1 right. 
Feb. 3,1812 Jamea Huston Oclbbei rtb William Kenned 
Hall, John Ogden.Tliomaa Stewart. 

. Hour) 9 maker, John Giutl i i rry.Thoa. 

Bnllmau, Jacob Kerr, Evi Adams, Tl lai Annstroug, N\ illlaoi El- 

13.— William McCullough, Thomas Van Kirk, Bamuei Price, 
Hackey. 
Feb. 0, 1814.— Ephraim Green, Jr ; Octobei 28tb, Bamabo 
Montgomery R 

15. — lohn Armstrong, John Linn. 
1 1 li. i". 1810.— John Johnson. 

Cob. 0,1817. Morris Robeson, Waltoi I. Shea, John 8 uu i ;Novembei 
Oth, William Konuedy, JobnOgden, Thomas Stewart, 
istln, Stephen Cortrlght. 
Oct. 27, Is:". -John Armstrong, John Linn; Novembei l6tb,John John- 
son, ' h.nli- Carter, Robert Thompson. 
Nov. 21, 1821. — John Somen, Daulel Swayze, I Ahraliam 

Hunt. Walter I.. Shea, 

i..i gden, Thomas Stewart, John GustlujOcI 

Benjamin Ralsey. 

John Sloll, William McCullough, John Kinuey, Jr., Aaron 

Hagen, ph Y Miller. 

hi .:. 1820 w ..it.. I.. Shea. 

John i.n-tiii. Benjamin Halaay. 
■ -Benjamin Slot!, Joseph Y. Miller, Aaron Hoxen. 

Fob. 20, i I ' Isull, John II. Ball. 

Sov. 0,1830 - unnol Price. 

March 14, It 12 Roberl II. HcOarter, EIi'ils L'Honuidlen. 
Jan. 21, 1833 VI ilti i I Shea, Nathan A. Shafer, John Bell, John II. 
Hull; October 26th, James Stoll, Joseph Y. Miller. 

17. Nathan A. Shafer, Robert H.McCarter, Ellas L'Homadien. 
lohn H. Hall.f Walter L. Shea, Thomas Teas- 4 
dole; Fehrnary 28th, Nathan Smith; Octobe